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Full text of "The clubwoman"

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*~- California State Library V i • 



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Official Or|an of the 

California Rderation o| 

Women's Clubs 

Composed of ovei- 40000Meinhers 




rs. J.-L. Giliis^ 
State Library , 

Sacrarrerto, Oal. 




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October, 1918 
Vol. XJ No. 43 / 




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35520 



The Clubwoman 



Official Organ of the California Federation of Women's Clubs 

Composed of Over 40,000 Members 

PUBLISHED MONTHLY 

OFFICES 
Hyde Park, Cal. Los Angeles, Cal. • San Francisco, Cal. 

Box 3 Brack Shops 1942A Hyde St. 

Telephone 79638 Connecting All Departments 

DR. LOUISE HARVEY CLARKE, State Chairman and Southern Federation Editor, 1046 Orange St., Riverside 
MISS JESSICA LEE BRIGGS, State Chairman and Northern Federation Editor, 1942A Hyde St., San Francisco 
MRS. J. A. MATTHEWS, Club Representative, Brack Shops, Los Angeles 

Copy from the Clubs Must be Sent to the District Press Chairmen 

Subscription Price, Fifty Cents the year. Ten Cents the Copy 

Entered at the Hyde Park Postoffice as second-class matter. 

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THE CLUBWOMAN 



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Editorial Notes 6 

President's Letter 7 

CouYeutioii Himiboldt County Federation 8 

Conference of the California Women's Committee Council of 

National and State Defence 8 

Eeport of Children's Year Conmiittee 10 

General Federation .'. 11 

More Money for Elementary Schools— 12 

Women's Legislative Comicil 14 

The Y. W. C.^A. and the War 16 

Department Home Economics •. 20 

Overseas ...- 21 

Social Health Insurance ,... -. 22 

Women in State Legislature .— .! 23 

Melting Pot ....! 24 

Explanation of Amendment No. 26 25 

Care of Our Wounded 26 

Three Philharmonic Courses 26 

District News 

Northern 28 

San Francisco 29 

Alameda 30 

Southern 30 

Los Angeles 31 

Catch Line White 




THE CLUBWOMAN 



EDITORIAL NOTES 



TWO LETTERS 

One of the famous utterances of President 
Lincoln was his letter to Mrs. Bixby of 
Massachusetts, who had given five sons to 
the service of her country. The letter is a 
classic as a piece of pure English and the 
tender sympathy and lofty patriotism which 
it voiced are characteristic of the martyr 
president. 

In striking contrast to this letter is one 
recently written by the kaiser to a German 
mother who had sacrificed nine sons to the 
demands of Prussian autocracy. As a good 
illustration of the diflference between the 
spirit of America and the spirit of Germany 
the two letters are here given side by side: 

Lincoln's Letter The Kaiser's Letter 

Dear Madam: I His majesty the 

have been shown in kaiser hears that you 
the files of the war have sacrificed nine 
department a state- sons in defense of 
ment of the adjutant the fatherland in the 
general of Massa- present war. His 
chusetts that you are majesty is immense- 
the mother of five ly gratified at the 
sons who have died fact, and in recogni- 
gloriously on the tion is pleased to 
field of battle. I feel send you his photo- 
how weak and fruit- graph with frame and 
less must be any autograph signature, 
words of mine which 
should attempt to 
beguile 3fOU from the 
grief of a loss so 
overwhelming. But 
I cannot refrain from 
tendering to you the 
consolation that may 
be found in the 
thanks of the repub- 
lic they died to save. 
I pray that our Heav- 
enly Father may as- 
suage the anguish of 
your bereavement 
and leave you only 
the cherished mem- 
ory of the loved and 
lost, and the solemn 
pride that must be 
yours to have laid so 
costly a sacrifice 
upon the altar of 
freedom. 

Accompanying the kaiser's note is his pic- 
ture, his coat ablaze with decorations and 
among them the distinguishing regalia of 
the death's head huzzar. And the woman 
to whom this letter was sent has since be- 
come a beggar for food on the streets of 
Dalmenhors-Oldenburg. 



from common frames of wood and glass to 
soul-windows which reveal the heart of the 
home behind the panes. 

Whether we walk down stately city ave- 
nues or pass before the white-fenced cot- 
tages in quiet village streets the house win- 
dows call out their messages to us. Once, 
with their discreet curtains they hid from 
the world all the sweet secrets of the life 
within — but now — hear them whisper — or 
shout their greeting to the human brothers 
passing by. This window gives a single 
solemn, triumphant cry — "We have a son in 
France!" says its service flag. This win- 
dow's flag-voice says proudly — "We have a 
boy in training camp." And the house next 
door has a window which declares — "We 
have no son to give, but see! — we honor the 
flag, and we have sent a daughter to the 
Red Cross." The window of the cottage on 
the corner announces that father has a war 
garden, and that mother would scorn to 
waste a scrap of wheat or fat or sugar. 
And the window of Tommy Brown's house 
says, "My little boy has bought three Sav- 
ings Stamps with his own money." 

The window in the factory-hand's cottage 
says, "I can help — I've bought a Liberty 
Bond." The big plate glass window at the 
banker's house whispers. "Through me a 
little war bride watches for those letters 
from France." 

Sometimes the windows join in a perfect 
chorus — "We've sent a son to war; we save 
money; we conserve food; we've planted a 
war garden; we've bought a bond; we be- 
long to the Red Cross; we buy Thrift 
Stamps; we've helped the Y. M. C. A. — and 
'we pledge our lives, our fortunes and our 
sacred honor to this flag.' " 

And sometimes from the window of a very 
quiet house there comes a voice that is 
neither shout nor whisper — but rather a note 
of deep and solemn music — a window whose 
gold-starred flag speaks out — 'My son has 
paid the last full measure of devotion!" 
* + * 

Windows! The speaking windows of mil- 
lions of homes — no longer curtained to con- 
ceal the hearts within, but bright with flags 
that tell of love and loyalty — gay with pos- 
ters that pledge service and aid, and brave 
with stars that declare the eternal glory of 
our democracy — the spirit that sends the 
sons of every home — great and small, to 
fight as brothers of the world — for "Free- 
dom, For ALL, Forever!" 



HEART OF HOME REVEALED 

The windows of our homes are eloquent 
these days. 

Our human eyes we call the "windows of 
the soul" revealing to the world the light or 
darkness of the heart within. And today 
the windows of our houses have changed 



SAME OLD JOB 

Dr. Brougher had been listening to a 
Sunday-school class discussing the life of 
Joseph in Egypt, and ventured to interject 
a question. 

"Tell me, little man, what reward was 
given Joseph for saving the Egyptians from 
starvation?" 

"Thev gave him Mr. Hoover's job," was 
the quick response. 



OCTOBER, 1918 



STATE PRESIDENT'S LETTER 



Dear Club Members: 

Instead of writing you a letter this month. 
I am going to share with you a letter that a 
club member has written to me. It comes 
from a member of the Executive Board of 
the San Joaquin District, and I do not give 
her name only because I have not had time 
since receiving the letter to ask if I might 
do so. 

There is so much that is helpful in the 
suggestions that are made and so much that 
is pertinent to our double responsibility as 
club women and as citizens, that I feel privi- 
leged to share this letter w'ith you. 

The responsibility of Government is fall- 
ing more and more heavily upon women, 
particularly in suffrage states and in Califor- 
nia, where the registration of the primary 
showed a majority of women voters. 

The women of other states and of other 
nations are still struggling to secure the 
privileges of citizenship which we in Califor- 
nia enjoy, and which we must often be urged 
to exercise. 

Before another number of the "Club- 
woman" reaches you, elections will be held 
for state and local officials and for national 
representatives. Twenty-five measures hav- 
ing to do with our State Government will be 
on the ballot and the voters must decide 
for or against them. 

Are you preparing yourselves to vote in- 
telligently upon these measures, and to an- 
swer to the responsibility that has been 
placed upon you to guard and protect at 
home what our loved ones are fighting and 
dying for in a foreign land? 

But I promised not to write a letter but 
to share one with you. Here it is: 

"There is great need of concerted ac- 
tion in the Federation if we are to ac- 
complish anything worth while along 
constructive lines. 

"You undoubtedly know that it has 
been next to impossible for sotne clubs 
to secure a quorum for the transaction 
of necessar}' routine business. 

"Because the times are bad more is 
required of us than would be in normal 
times. 'Only a supreine fire of thought 
and spirit can save future generations 
from the death that has befallen the 
generation which we knew and loved.' 

"War relief is necessary, absolutely 
necessary work, but it isn't the only 
work. Our wonderful Woodrow Wilson 
warns us to guide and safeguard the 
children — the rising generation. 

"Win this war we must and will, but 
we must also 'Keep the home fires burn- 
ing.' There never was such great need 
for cool, level heads, stout, courageous 
hearts, and strong and steady hands as 
at present to meet the exigencies of 
constructive readjustment along lines 
for preventive as well as palliative and 
curative measures .and to meet the 
problems of reconstruction. 

"Comparatively few people realize 



importance and potency of suffrage: 
they do not appreciate the privileges or 
responsibilities incumbent upon them as 
citizens. If they knew that patriotism 
cannot be more truly expressed than in 
casting an intelligent ballot they would 
give some thought to Governmental 
affairs. 

"Intrigue and Ignorance, born compan- 
ions, and enemies of American ideals and 
institutions are abroad in the land, in the 
guise of patriots, sometimes, and therefore, 
it behooves us to look well to our legisla- 
tive bodies. 

"How can we arouse men and women 
to the necessity of taking an intelligent 
interest in legislative measures'? It is a 
curious fact that possessions of greatest 
value are often least appreciated. 

"Through all historic time there has 
been and there will continue to be the 
struggle between the weak and the 
strong, the exploiter and the exploited, 
the privileged and the unprivileged, 
democracy and autocracy, and I was 
about to say, 'God and the devil.' 

"The present crisis is evidently a 
culmination of these forces battling for 
supremacy. If we as a people could or 
would learn to think sanely, act wisely, 
stand shoulder to shoulder and keep 
step we would be invincible. But, alas! 
apathy, ignorance, indifference, like in- 
sidious enemy intrigue, are deeply rooted 
and must be vanquished. 

"In view of all this, it is appalling to 
see many club women throw down their 
arms and desert the ranks, and we must 
look to our leaders to rally us for the pro- 
tection of our sacred, dearly purchased 
freedom." 

This letter was a spontaneous expression 
of a thoughtful earnest mind and the Presi- 
dent wishes many more such may come to 
her desk. 

Sincerely, 
(Mrs. Herbert A.) BERTHA L. CABLE. 



445 S. Broadway 

Garments for Women, Misses 
and Children 



Mrs. Geo. K. Bretherton 

SOPRANO 

Available for club programs— recitals and 
private musicales. 

Studio. 345 Blanchard Hall— 10082 
Residence, 3795 Harvard Blvd.— 77665 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



CONVENTION HUMBOLDT COUNTY 
FEDERATION 



The trip to Eureka for the convention of 
the Humboldt County Federation was in- 
spiring in many ways. The convention was 
held in the Eureka Monday Club House on 
Saturday, September 14th, and while it 
rained on Friday and was still very damp, 
delegates from most of the clubs in goodly 
numbers came for the all-day meeting. 

Instead of the Club Presidents giving a 
report, the chairmen of the departments 
gave suggestions to the delegates as to how 
they would have the club work carried on, 
combining with it the war work in their dif- 
ferent localities. The Indian Work promises 
much, and it will be interesting to hear from 
Mrs. Fredericks about her visit to the Indian 
Woman's Club, which recently joined the 
Federation. 

The Humboldt County Federation meets 
twice a year, and business is carried on in 
good parliamentary order, showing much 
training. 

The hospitality of the Humboldt County 
women is proverbial, and our State Presi- 
dent, Mrs. Cable, missed meeting a truly 
representative group of northern California 
club women. Being a substitute, in these 
days of substitutes, is a pleasure, women 



have learned to accept them cheerfully and 
to use them skilfully and, I hope, with good 
results, though as a substitute for Mrs Cable, 
I feel very inadequate. The president is 
missing much in not being able to visit our 
northern counties, the inspiration and en- 
couragement that these official visits give to 
a president, as well as to a club, is of inesti- 
mable value. I am convinced that County 
Federation should be encouraged, and hope 
to see all of the larger counties, especially, 
organized in the near future. 

Through the courtesy of our host and hos- 
tess. Judge and Mrs. George A. Murray, we 
had a wonderful all-day trip of a hundred 
and twenty-five miles through the big red- 
woods of Humboldt County. There is strong 
feeling in that part of the State that a com- 
parativelj' large acreage of these trees 
should be made a National Park. 

To visit in Humboldt County once is sure 
to make one desirous of repeating the visit. 
I shall long remember my first visit to the 
Humboldt Count}' Convention ,and the hos- 
pitality of the club women. 

Very sincerely. 
(Mrs. Aaron) ADELLA T. SCHLOSS. 
Vice-President-at-Large 



CONFERENCE OF THE CALIFORNIA WOMEN'S 
COMMITTEE COUNCILS OF NATIONAL 
AND STATE DEFENSE 

At Mills College, Oakland, September 11th, 12th and 13th, 1918 



Responding to the call for a Conference, 
more than three hundred women — repre- 
senting forty-three different counties and 
fifteen state organizations — came together 
on the campus of Mills College to discuss 
how the work of the Women's Committee 
might be carried on in the future with a 
clearer comprehension and a broader vision: 
how the problem of closer co-ordination of 
the various organizations and activities of 
women could be effected. 

The dominating feature of the Conference 
was the serious atitude of all those present. 
It was something deeper than enthusiasm, 
or even courage. Every woman present had 
an attitude toward winning the war, and her 
responsibility, that could best be character- 
ized as consecration. 

The committee believes that those who 
attended have gone back to their homes with 
new courage, fresh enthusiasm, and an un- 
derstanding of the plans for work, both gen- 
eral and in the different departments, which 
will have its result during the coming year. 

One impression of the Conference was the 
knitting together in a closer way during this 
one year of war, of all social activities, than 
could have been hoped for in fifty years of 
peace. It was demonstrated what an avenue 
of opportunity was opened up to the Wel- 
fare Commissions of the State for the edu- 



cation of the citizens in the solution of social 
problems, and what an asset. 

The chairmen of the various depart- 
ments of the Women's Committee are, 
many of them, members of the various State 
Commissions. Each of them presented the 
work of her department in an authoritative 
definite way. No woman who was present 
can ever fail to know the message of Amer- 
icanization, not only for the foreign born, 
but for the American born. 

No County Chairman who was there can 
be uneducated as to what is a social agency, 
after seeing the remarkable chart presented 
by the chairman of that department. The 
problems of the women who work; the 
necessity for safeguards and protection for 
the workers, and the dignity of labor; the 
accomplishment of women in the conserva- 
tion of food, and the greater sacrifices to be 
expected of them in the future; the intelli- 
gence with which substitution and a proper 
use of food can be accomplished; the value 
of publicity through newspapers and libra- 
ries; the relation of education, health and 
recreation, to patriotism; and the value of 
the Children's Year Program; all of these 
were presented in such a way as to show 
definite results and accomplishment, as well 
as an inestimable amount of educational 
work done in each line. 



OCTOBER, 1918 



It was a conference in every respect. The 
program was planned carefully, but it al- 
lowed of discussion and questions on every 
phase of the work. The discussions were 
more profitable and brought out the problem 
of articulation between groups of war work- 
ers and the peculiar problems of each county 
with suggestions as to local solutions. 

The announcement by Mr. Moore, Direc- 
tor of the State Council of Defense, that 
three representatives from the ^^'omen's 
Committee would be appointed to each 
County Division of the State Council of 
Defense, was much appreciated by the 
County Chairmen, and it is believed that 
thereby some of their problems of finance 
will be lessened and the authority of their 
work will be strengthened. 

The Resolutions Committee, consisting of 
Mrs. F. C. Turner of Alameda County, Mrs. 
E. B. Stanwood of Yuba County, and Mrs. 
M. E. Tucker of Amador County, presented 
eleven resolutions, which were adopted by 
the Conference, and which were the crystal- 
ization of some of the phases of discussion 
which where presented at the Conference. 

The resolutions took the form of renewed 
allegiance to the President of the United 
States, of a determination to remain united 
behind the Armies, and to alleviate, when 
possible .the burdens of the soldiers and to 
hold until the end. 

A request was made to the Surgeon-Gen- 
eral that the traveling expenses and equip- 
ment for j'oung women volunteerfng for 
training in hospitals, be paid as has been 
done in the case of soldiers, sailors and oth- 
ers in military service. It was also urged 
that there be a representative of the State 
Board of Education on the Advisory War 
Cabinet of the State Council of Defense, and 
that the County and City Superintendents 
of Schools be appointed to the County Divi- 
sion. 

County Boards of Supervisors were asked 
to assist in carrying out the Program for 
the Children's Year, and in creating Coun- 
ty Welfare Boards. The County Supervis- 
ors and County Divisions of the State Coun- 
cil were urged to assist in financing the 
work of the County Women's Committees. 
The continuance of the Women's Committee 
after the war is over to serve in the recon- 



struction period was recommended. The 
advisability of organizing the Women's 
Committee by War Service Armies in pre- 
cincts or school districts, was urged. 

Resolutions of appreciation were sent to 
the newspapers of the State for their co- 
operation; to the President and Trustees of 
Mills College, and to the students who had 
assisted at the Conference. 

The need and value of Conferences of this 
sort were fully demonstrated. It is planned 
to hold one in Southern California in the 
near future. 

The women returned to their homes with 
a new determination, a truer spirit of Amer- 
ican service and an added value of the privi- 
lege of serving their country in this time of 

trial. 

COUNCIL OF NATIONAL DEFENSE 

Washington 

CONTINUATION OF STUDNT NURSE 

RECRUITING 

Since our telegram of August 31st, the 
situation has somewhat changed. There is 
under consideration the possibility of an af- 
filiation between the Army School of Nurs- 
ing and the civilian hospitals whereby their 
second or third year students may have the 
opportunity for experience in military hos- 
pitals either in this country or overseas. If 
this plan should be carried out more stu- 
dent nurses will be needed than were called 
for in our first estimate of 25,000." 

The Woman's Committee, therefore, calls 
upon the State Divisions to continue recruit- 
ing student nurses through their county and 
local units and, particularly in those states 
where the quotas have not been secured, to 
so conduct a renewed campaign through 
publicity and personal effort that all hos- 
pitals may be filled to their capacity during 
the winter and spring terms of training. 

THE HOSPITAL ASSISTANT 

There is one place in the Army School of 
Nursing open to wives of men who are in 
Overseas Service. It is as Hospital As- 
sistant; a hospital assistant being what the 
words imply, not a nurse but an aid to assist 
in the work of the hospital that does not re- 
quire professional training, though she will 
be given such training as is necessary to 
make her valuable in the work she will be 



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THE CLUBWOMAN 



called upon to do. This training will in- 
volve a course covering a period of six 
weeks in elementary nursing and hygiene, 
first aid to the injured, and dietetics, if the 
applicant has not already completed one of 
the courses given by the Red Cross. 

The Hospital Assistant will not be sent 
into overseas duty nor into the army hos- 
pitals in which regular student training 
school units will be established, but into the 
military hospitals in which the convalescent 
soldiers are quartered for reconstruction 
work. 

Married women are not eligible to the 
Army School of Nursing, but they are 
eligible to the position of hospital assistant 
if their husbands are in overseas service, and 
they are between twenty-one and forty years 
of age. They must be in good physical 
condition, of good moral character and be 



graduates of high schools or present an ac- 
ceptable equivalent. 

The Woman's Committee, Council of Na- 
tional Defense, is assisting the Army School 
of Nursing in interesting the eligible women 
in this most necessary war service. Though 
not as wide in its appeal as that of the Stu- 
dent Nurse Reserve, it is as important. Be- 
tween convalescence and recovery is some- 
times a long period and the hospitals caring 
for the soldiers during this time will be 
many and large. It will take a great many 
women besides the nurses to "man" them 
so that every invalid shall receive his due 
and full share of attention. Single women, 
not eligible to the Student Nurse Reserve, 
because they are over the age limit estab- 
lished for it, of 35, are'also wanted for hos- 
pital assistants, but the appeal comes with 
special force to those wives of men "over- 
seas" who are free to give this service. 



REPORT OF CHILDREN'S YEAR COMMITTEE 

Read at Conference Woman 's Committee, Mills College 
By Dr. Adelaide Brown 



The June drive in weighing and measur- 
ing, as part of the National Program for 
Children's Year, was conducted in 29 coun- 
ties and three cities, handled as units. 40,863 
children were examined; 37,800 had a com- 
plete medical examination by a physician. 
Of these, a careful tabulation was made of 
32,167. The percentage of defects was 
15,261, or 47 per cent. Of these, abnormal 
tonsils and adenoids occurred in 31 per cent; 
defective teeth in 6 per cent; and of this 
total number of children 29 per cent were 
below either the height or weight of the 
national chart. 

What Does This Mean? 

FIRST: Mothers are anxious for instruc- 
tion, or they would not come to such a 
weighing and measuring center. 

SECOND: Physical defects easily cor- 
rectable begin to show themselves before 
school age. 

THIRD: There should be better machin- 
erv for health protection and the correction 
of defects of childhood. 

FOURTH: The National Program for 
Children's Year hopes to accomplish per- 
manent Children's Health Centers, and com- 
munity nursing by public health nurses, as 
its permanent contribution to the health of 
th: nation. Twenty permanent Health Cen- 
ters and two county nurses have been estab- 
lished by Children's Year. 

The sale of the tuberculosis stamp had al- 
ready inaugurated county nurses in several 
of the California counties. 

The program has had the co-operation of 
the State Board of Health, the California 



State Medical Society, the State Board of 
Education, the California Library Associa- 
tion, the California Society for Mental Hy- 
giene, and the Juvenile Protective Associa- 
tion, but owes its success to the spirit of 
motherhood in the women of the State of 
California, and their cordial support and 
interest throughout the State in the Na- 
tional program, as presented to us for de- 
velopment. 

The future program includes a course in 
Scientific Motherhood, under the Extension 
Department of the State University; a list 
of books on Scientific Motherhood sent from 
time to time to the county libraries and 
their branches, and the establishment in the 
rural schools of the State of 15-minute 
talks by the teachers, with the mothers of 
children under six years of age throughout 
the schools having under twenty children 
in attendance. 

These conferences will call into action the 
rural motherhood of the State, on the prob- 
lem of better children for California. 



People who complain because they are 
unable to get some little luxuries should re- 
member that our forefathers lived without 
sugar till the thirteenth century, without 
coal till the fourteenth, without butter till 
the fifteenh, without tobacco and potatoes 
till the sixteenth, without tea, coffee, and 
soap tin the seventeenth, without umbrellas 
and lamps till the eighteenth, and without 
trains, telegraphs, telephone, gas, and 
matches till the nineteenth, without automo- 
biles, electric appliances, aeroplanes, and 
wireless or U-boats until the twentieth cen- 
tury. — Missouri Division News Letter. 



OCTOBER, 1918 



11 



GENERAL FEDERATION SHRAPNELS 



Proclamation to the Club Women of the United States from General Federation Presi- 
dent, Mrs. Josiah Evans Cowles 



"We must do our utmost to help Win the 
War! Our Nation calls; the Allied Nations 
call; Humanity calls. 

"By united, consecrated service we must 
make good our promise to President Wil- 
son, 'to stand back of our Government in 
every way in our power.' 

"Relax not your efforts through the Red 
Cross to aid in remedial undertakings; as- 
sist in each Liberty Bond Drive, and con- 
stantly invest in War Savings Stamps. 

"But in all these commendable activities, 
do not forget the constructive work that 
must be sustained during the period of the 
war and thereafter. Every one of our eleven 
departments have intensified plans of work 
that bear direct and intimate relations to 
war problems. Follow them! 

"Help with the 'The Children's Year.' that 
was inaugurated April 6th, on the first anni- 
versary of our entry into war. The shadow 
of this dread conflict must not be allowed to 
throw a baleful influence over their plastic 
young lives. 

"Never lose sight of the privilege that is 
ours, to live in a time when opportunities 
for patriotic service enter into the simplest 
relations of life. We must aid in keeping up 



the morale of our brave defenders by going 
singing to our tasks. 

"We must keep step, marching shoulder 
to shoulder, in the great army of the General 
Federation of Women's Clubs, which is 
mobilized for service in this most critical 
period of our nation's histor}-. 

"Make your voluntary contribution of at 
least one dollar or more per member to the 
Two Million Dollar War Victory Fund that 
the General Federation is raising to estab- 
lish Furlough Homes for our soldiers in 
France." 
COMMITTEE ON AMERICANIZATION 

The General F"ederation has given recog- 
nition to the important work of American- 
ization by creating a special committee in 
the department of education on this subject. 
Mrs. Frank A. Gibson of Los Angeles, mem- 
ber of the State Immigration and Housing 
Commission, has been made chairman. This 
appointment has been made in recognition 
of Mrs. Gibson's deep interest in the prob- 
lems of Americanization and her remark- 
able work in promoting the movement in 
this state. 




31. WB. 3aobin0on Co. 



Trefousse Gloves 

SEVENTH and 
GRAND AVE. 



DRY GOODS 

Munsing Underwear 



Gossard Corsets 

LOS ANGELES 
CALlFORNL\ 



12 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



MORE MONEY FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS 

By Will C. Wood, Commissioner of Secondary Schools. 



At a time when various educational inter- 
ests are clamoring for public recognition, 
the people of every American state should 
not overlook the claims of the elementary 
schools which are the foundation of Ameri- 
can democracy. They are the institutions 
of the masses, giving to every child oppor- 
tunity to develop his talents. They give the 
fundamental training necessary for efficient 
citizenship and for the more advanced train- 
ing of the individual. If they are neglected, 
democracy suffers. If they are adequately 
provided for, democracy may be changed 
from an ideal to a reality. 

In California we are beginning to realize 
that elementary education is deserving of 
more adequate support. Classes are so over- 
crowded in many cities that the individual 
child is denied an American chance. In 
many districts, particularly rural districts, 
teachers are paid so inadequately that all 
except those who are endowed with mis- 
sionary zeal, seek better paying vocations. 
Subjects like music and drawing are fre- 
quently neglected and other cultural sub- 
jects are so formalized because teachers 
have to "cover the ground" that they have 
little cultural influence on the pupils. 

Citizens of California should remember 
that elementary education has always been 
regarded as a fundamental interest of the 
state government. From the date of admis- 
sion, California's state government has con- 
tributed a large share of the total revenue 
of the elementary schools. In 1874, a law 
was passed providing that the state should 
contribute seven dollars per census child to 
the support of the common schools. This 
provision remained practically unchanged 
until 1911 when the census was abolished 
and the amount of the state contribution 
fixed at $13 per child in average attend- 
ance. This was not an increase, since $13 
per child in average attendance was just 
equal to $7 per census child. In 1914, the 
people by direct vote abolished the poll tax, 
taking from the elementary schools about 
$2.75 per child in average attendance. The 
Legislature of 1915 increased the state 
school fund from $13 to $15 per child, thus 
making up in part the loss occasioned by the 
repeal of the poll tax. But with all these 
changes in methods of raising money, we 
must face the patent fact that the state gov- 
ernment is now contributing to the elemen- 
tary schools a less amount per child than it 
was contributing in 1874. There has been 
no increase during the last 44 years. And 
this in spite of a tremendous decrease in 
the purchasing power of a dollar. 

Today the state and county together con- 
tribute a minimum of only $550 per teacher 
toward the support of the elementary 
schools. This amount is supposed to be 



the least needed to support a satisfactory 
public school, to pay the teacher and janitor, 
and provide heat, supplies, furniture and 
other necessities. It was sufficient perhaps 
at the time the amount was fixed, but a dol- 
lar now will buy less than half what it 
bought when the law was passed. Better 
prepared teachers are demanded, better 
equipment is needed and more subjects are 
offered in the schools of today. The new 
citizenship demands a different kind of in- 
struction and a teacher trained to social 
and civic responsibilities. Such instruction 
cannot be provided on a basis of $550 per 
teacher. 

The failure of the state and county to con- 
tribute their share to the support of ele- 
mentary education, has resulted in many 
school districts levying heavy local taxes 
for the support of the schools. The wealthy 
districts have been able to do this but the 
poorer districts, particularly rural districts, 
have suffered. Many rural districts are try- 
ing to maintain satisfactory schools on a 
basis of $550 per teacher. Clearly this is 
impossible. 

The great need in California is for equal- 
ization of educational opportunities. This 
can be secured only through an increase in 
state and county aid. A democracy raises 
money for education where property is and 
distributes it where the children are. In 
recognition of this principle the Women's 
Legislative Council has recommended an in- 
crease in state support for elementary 
schools from $15 to $17.50 per pupil. The 
State Board of Education has endorsed this 
recommendation and has also advocated an 
increase in county funds from $550 per 
teacher to $750 per teacher or $20 per pupil. 
The purpose of these measures is to shift 
the burden of supporting elementary educa- 
tion from the district to the state and 
county. The educational interests of the 
state cannot be adequately served unless 
these recommendations are embodied in law. 
In standing for this program ,the women 
of California and the State Board of Edu- 
cation are standing for better democracy. 
California can afford to maintain a satis- 
factory school in every community. It can- 
not afford to neglect the educational inter- 
ests of any group of children in the state. 
For that reason all factors that stand for 
better democracy should work together for 
the program that has been outlined. 



SCHOOL FUND AMENDMENT 

Mrs. Gibson, the State Chairman of Edu- 
cation, submits the following analysis of 
two important amendments which all 
women should understand in order to safe- 



OCTOBER, 1918 



13 



guard the school funds. The analysis was 
made by Mr. Will C. Wood, Commissioner 
of Secondary Education. Mrs. Gibson rec- 
ommends that every club have a speaker on 
this subject at its earliest meeting. A ten 
minute speech will be sufficient if the 
speaker is thoroughly informed. 

Two measures relating to school finances 
will appear on the ballot in November. Since 
they are very similar in some of their pro- 
visions it is necessary to point out that they 
diflfer very materially in their probable ef- 
fect on the schools. Number 17 on the bal- 
lot was passed by the Legislature but has 
not gone into effect on account of a referen- 
dum invoked against it by the school people 
and others. The objection to it — and the 
objection is most important — is that it re- 
peals all minimum limits of school support, 
leaving Boards of Supervisors power to 
raise as little or as much as they please. 
The law now provides that they must levy 
at least $550 per teacher. Since many Boards 
of Supervisors have been raising only the 
minimum, which is decidedly inadequate, 
the opponents of number 17 point out the 
probability that some Boards will raise even 
less if they are permitted to do so. 

Number 18, which was put on the ballot 
by initiative, was framed by the proponents 
of Number 17 in conference with the school 
authorities. The proponents of the original 
tax limitation measure now join with the 
school people in advocating the passage of 
Number 18, which safeguards the existing 
financial foundations of the school system 
and preserves the minimum limits. Number 
18 has been indorsed by the State Board of 
Education. 



FROM L. A. TEACHERS' CLUB 
BULLETIN 

The following extract from the bulletin 
of the Los Angeles Teachers Club, written 
by its president. Miss Wilhelmina Van de 
Goorberg, is illuminating: 

For the present j'ear the salary question 
is irrevocably settled. That the schedule as 
adopted is a poor makeshift is freely admit- 
ted by those who are responsible for it. It 
was a case of making a little money go as 
far as possible. The great body of the 
teachers get no increase at all, and more 
than half of the elementary teachers get 
none. Altogether less than nine hundred 
people are affected by it, while more than 
a thousand long-service teachers — those 
who have been in the department long 
enough to be thoroughly mature and expe- 
rienced, and who have proven that teaching 
is a profession to them and not a filler in 
between school and marriage — are aban- 
doned to their financial troubles now for a 
second time. 

(Continued on Page 33) 



IT IS 
NEW! 



—THIS SECTION 
OF MILLINERY 
FOR MATRONS 
AT BULLOCK'S— 

—AND AS A RE- 
SULT MANY WO- 
MEN WHO HAVE 
FOUND IT DIFFI- 
CULT TO SELECT 
THEIR 



Mtlli 



inery 



—ARE NOT GO- 
ING TO FIND IT 
SO DIFFICULT 
THIS FALL. 

—FOR IN THIS 
SECTION THEIR 
HATS HAVE AL- 
READY BEEN 
CAREFULLY 
CHOSEN AND 
ARE WAITING. 

—THIRD FLOOR. 



^lasAmiffiMMs 



14 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



THE WOMEN'S LEGISLATIVE COUI'JCIL 



CHARLOTTE ANITA WHITNEY, 
Chairman of Publication 

The second measure endorsed by the JFomen's 
Legislati've Council is a State Industrial Home 
for Delinquent JVoinen. This measure lias also 
the backing of the California Military IVelfare 
Commission and the article presented this month 
to the readers of Clubivoman is ivritten by 
Lieut. Allison T. French, U. S. A., the executive 
secretary of the Commission. 

The supreme obligation before Califor- 
nians today — and all people of the Allied 
Nations — is winning the war. The struggle 
for the principles of democracy demands 
efficiency. Efficiency demands man-power, 
and woman-power. 

The greatest destroj'er of man-power 
which the Army is fighting in training- 
camps today is venereal disease. The great- 
est source of venereal disease has been pros- 
titution. We make no apologies for plain 
speaking — that is what our Government is 
asking for today. 

The War and Navy Departments, and the 
United States Public Health Service, have 
said commercialized prostitution must be 
stamped out. Houses of prostitution are 
forbidden by Federal law to exist within ten 
miles of a military camp. The Government 
is demanding repression of prostitution 
within all effective radii of military centres, 
and asking its patriotic citizens to stamp it 
out in every village and hamlet in the coun- 
try. 

Bubonic plague and yellow fever were 
never controlled by shutting our eyes, 
shrugging our shoulders, and calling rats 
and mosquitoes necessary evils. They were 
controlled by public understanding, by fight- 
ing them in the open, b}' exterminating the 
carriers. Today the Nation and the State 
are demanding of all 100 per cent Ameri- 
cans that they look the problem of venereal 
disease squarely in the face, that they take 
all necessary steps toward eliminating 
everything that contributes toward, or tends 
to perpetuate, the greatest source of this 
disease, and that they do away with the 
carriers. 

But in the case of venereal disease the 
carriers are human beings. And the human 
beings who individually expose the most of 
the rest of humankind to this disease are 
women. As women, they have the right to 
appear in society as women, the same right 
that women have who have had the equip- 
ment mentally, morally, physically, and 
financially, to retain their status unashamed. 
But they have not the right to appear in so- 
ciety as destroyers of the health, the happi- 
ness, and the efficiency of other women, 
and of future generations. They have not 
the right to be carriers of that disease 
"which has no rival, not even tuberculosis, 
in its importance as a public health prob- 
lem." 

We are not forgetting the men. All over 
the United States the people are facing the 
facts as never before. The single standard 
of morality is nearer today than at any time 



in the history of the world. Thousands of 
young men in the uniforms of their coun- 
try's army and navy today are better men 
and better physical beings than they ever 
were before, because in the service they 
have learned the fallacy of exploded ideas of 
"necessary evils" which they had been 
taught or had accepted without question in 
civilian days. They know now that strength 
and virility are not measured by inability 
for self control. And five-sixths of the ven- 
ereal disease in the Army — which has cost 
us more Liberty Bonds than has an entire 
cantonment over an equal period — came into 
the Army from civilian life. 

For military efficiency — and for social 
welfare — prostitution must go. This is the 
Government's decree, based upon the com- 
bined scientific and experimental knowledge 
of the world's experts in medicine, soci- 
ology, psychology, and police administra- 
tion. This is the undeniable fact. We must 
face it, what shall we do about it? Closing 
houses of prostitution does not cause the 
women inmates to vanish into thin air. A 
few leave the life with little difficulty, be- 
cause they have been engaged in it tem- 
porarily when the returns were large. And 
when public opinion and honest officials en- 
force the laws the money does not come so 
easily. Some, therefore, return to homes 
and former employment, but what about 
the majority of the women in the business? 

Still others, not too enmeshed in the life 
and in the grasp of the pimp, can "come 




TOYS 



—at 
Barker Bros. 

Wheelgoods that keep the children in 
the healthful out-of-doors. Sub-Chas- 
ers, Tanks and other toys that strike 
a military note. Dolls^ Doll Carriages, 
twenty or more varieties of wood 
w^heel Express Wagons, Games and 
Game Boards, and other good toys in 
great variety. Make your Holiday 
selections NOW. 




The House of Complete and Competent 
Home Furnishing Service 

724 TO 738 SOUTH BROADWAY 



OCTOBER, 1918 



15 



back" into normal life, through the emerg- 
ency measures looking toward legitimate 
employment, carried on by Government, 
State, and community social work. But 
what of the feeble-minded, the illiterate, and 
the women who can scarcely remember any 
other life? 

They must be cared for. must be cared 
for where thev will not constitute a mili- 
tary and a social menace, where they may 
be given vocational training, and curative 
treatment, where creative instinct may be 
encouraged along honest and democratic 
lines. 

It is a tremendous undertaking, and it will 
cost money. But nothing is too great which 
is necessarj' as a vital war measure and for 
afterward maintaining those principles for 
which we now fight. The cost? The com- 
parison with the saving in humanity we 
leave for abler discussions. From the purely 
material standpoint, what is the cost com- 
pared to the $160,000 per year cost to Cali- 
fornia, as set forth in a recent State Board 
of Health Bulletin, to support the syphilitic 
insane? And syphilitic insanity is prevent- 
able. How does it compare with the cost 
of caring for defective children, and the 
blind, from venereal disease? How compare 
it with the cost of maintenance of the 
hordes of public charges due to other 
phases of venereal disease? 

Law enforcement against prostitution 
must be carried on. Police records show 
a coincident saving in diminution of crime. 
When law enforcement proceeds provision 
must be made for the women affected. Cities 
and counties cannot do it all. Nor can they 
do even a large part of it. There are not 
many people available who have that com- 
bination of training, experience, patience, 
tact, common sense, and administrative 
ability necessary to conduct rehabilitative 
work. A State Industrial Home, modeled 
after lines which have proven effective in 
other states, is needed and is needed at once. 
The Woman's Legislative Council is to be 
congratulated upon selecting this measure 
as one of the three which they shall support. 
The women of California will undoubtedly 
see that the measure passes, and that im- 
mediate results are secured. Thus they 
contribute once more to the immediate war 
necessities, back up the Government and 
the things we are fighting for, and at the 
same time prepare for the great period of 
reconstruction when the cause is won. 



STATE SONGS 

A state song for every state, with words 
and music composed by state talent, will be 
urged by Mrs. William D. Steele, of Sedalia, 
Mo., chairman of the Music Department of 
the General Federation of Women's Clubs, 
in her work this year. Through her efforts 
a dignified, inspiring "Hymn to Missouri" 
was dedicated by a community chorus of 
500 voices at the State Fair last month. 
Both words and music were written by Mis- 
souri men. 




U. S. Food Administration. 

'Sides savin' fats en wheat, we 
got ter save sugar. De bes' way 
ter save sugar is ter use syrups en 
honey. 

A nice li'I pitcher full er 'lasses 
convoyed by a fleet er buckwheat 
cakes is one er de bes' ways to 
"get crost" wid de sugar projick, — 
en it saves wheat flour too. 




yjWiVArM\i".'vw«v 



We offer skilled 
corset fitting service 
and the most com- 
plete stocks of the 
best in Corsets. Lace- 
Back or Lace-Front. 

Special attention is 
invited to two dozen 
or more models from 
which to select. 

Price, $5.00 

Newcomb's Corset 
Shop 

623 S. Broadway 






16 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



THE Y. W. C. A. AND THE WAR 




As the war advances and the mighty man- 
power of America is more and more heavily 
thrown into the balance against the modern 
Attila, the role of women in the world's 
task of saving for posterity the centuries' 
heritage of liberty becomes ever greater. 

No single agency or combination of agen- 
cies in history has done so much as has 
the world war to place the sexes upon an 
equal footing. When the hordes of the 
Hun have been sent reeling back across the 
Rhine and Germany comes whining to the 
peace tables to beg a crumb of mercy from 
the victorious Allies, it will be to women 
equally with the sturdy bayonet-bearers of 
the battlefield, that the meed of honor will 
be due. 

For three years the brunt of labor and 
responsibility for the maintenance of the in- 
dustrial life of France and England has 
fallen upon their devoted women. While 
this may never be true to so great an extent 
in America, yet here are women daily com- 
ing to play a more important part in busi- 
ness, industry and in the all-paramount task 
of supplying without fail or falter the ever- 
increasing demands of war. With three 
million men withdrawn from the nation's 
ranks of workers, shortly to be followed by 
as many more, and with our national tasks 
and responsibilities increased beyond all 
precedent, it is only to her women that 
America may look to meet the emergency 
and to fill the breach. 

With their eager and unselfish answer, 
innumerable new social problems have 
arisen. In America alone more than a mil- 
lion and a half women have already an- 
swered the government's call for workers. 
Most of these have come from distant parts 
of the land, leaving their own homes and 
their familiar surroundings for places en- 
tirely strange. Eight of their daily twenty- 
four hours are filled with the tasks thpy 



came to do. The remaining sixteen pre- 
sented a problem which, in the face of lack 
of proper housing facilities and means for 
recreation and self-improvement, was as se- 
rious as it was immediate. 

Casting about for an adequate answer, the 
War Department appealed to the War Work 
Council of the Y. W. C. A. to take charge 
of the situation. The result has been the 
establishment of homes, hotels, club rooms, 
reading and recreation rooms and other 
leisure-time resorts in every one of the 
great congregating places of women war 
workers throughout the country. In Wash- 
ington, where 45,000 women have been mo- 
bilized from all parts of the United States 
to do war clerical work, a transient hotel is 
being built near the union station for the 
accommodation of women strangers in the 
capital until they can find permanent homes. 
Two vacation homes for women were 
opened there this summer. A country club 
for girls was opened in June, the clubhouse 
standing in a seven-acre athletic field pro- 
vided with facilities for all kinds of sports. 
One of Washington's old colonial mansions 
has been purchased by the Y. W. C. A. and 
converted into a clubhouse and cafeteria 
for girls. The Elizabeth Somers House, 
once a girls' school has been taken over and 
made into an association home. 

In every one of the twenty-two great 
munition making centers of the country, 
where the government is employing women 
by the hundred thousand, similar housing 
and recreation plans are under way. At 
the Bush Terminal, in Brooklyn, alone there 
are 15,000 girls to be provided for. Every- 
where the War Work Council is organizing 
clubs for military drill among the girls for 
their physical well-being, service corps for 
Red Cross and similar work, semaphore 
corps, picnics, athletics, swimming and 
hikes. 

Important as is work of this kind, it is 
by no means all or even a large part of what 



OCTOBER, 1918 



17 



the Y. W. C. A. is doing to help win the 
war. Early in the history of the creation 
of the American Army, the War Depart- 
ment appealed to the War Work Council 
to assist in solving the social problems cre- 
ated by the great training cantonments 
throughout the country. The answer was 
the Y. W. C. A. Hostess House — a place 
where women visitors to soldiers may be 
entertained. Eighty-three hostess houses 
have been authorized and fifty-nine of these 
are in actual operation. Ten are for colored 
troops. In addition, ninety-seven club cen- 
ters have been opened and workers put in 
charge. The Social Morality Committee of 
the Y. W. C. A. with its corps of lecturers 
and physicians has been incorporated by 
the government with its Social Hygiene 
Section of the Commission on Training 
Camp Activities and its members are now 
instructing the women of the country how 
to work with the government through lec- 
tures and the distribution of literature. In 
addition, the Y. W. C. A. is paying the 
salaries of many members of the Training 
Camp Commission. 

Thirty centers have been opened by the 
association in this country for foreign 
women; interpreters have been placed in the 
training camps and the Federal bulletins 
on food saving, care of children and general 
war propaganda have been translated into 
twenty-three tongues and scattered broad- 
cast among the speakers of alien tongues in 
this countr}'. 

Industrial War Service Centers have been 
established at all the government industrial 
cantonments. Colored college and social 
leaders have been placed in industrial and 
camp community centers where colored 
girls are living. A patriotic league for 
younger girls has been organized and en- 
rolled 410,000 members. 

In the war zone itself and in all foreign 
centers where women of the Allied nations 
are engaged in war work the Y. W. C. A. 
has developed a wide scope of invaluable 
activities. Among the foreign women mu- 
nition-makers. Red Cross nurses and Signal 
Corps girls, homes and recreation centers 
have been established on lines similar to 
those in this country. 

Back of the trenches in France the Y. W. 
C. A. has established a series of nurses' huts 
for women engaged in field and base hos- 
pital work behind the lines. These huts are 
now maintained in connection with every 
hospital in France and their service, in sup- 
plying rest and recreation to the women 
who care for the wounded, is of a value 
hardly to be exaggerated. 

A Hostess House and a hotel for Ameri- 
can women war workers have been estab- 
lished in Paris and Tours. In Russia club 
centers for girls have been established at 
Petrograd, Moscow and Samara. Social 
and recreation centers for French women 
war workers are conducted at Lyons, St. 
Etienne and Bourges. All this and much 
more forms the sequel to an appeal cabled 
by French women to the American Y. W. C. 
A. early in the war. Sixty-four trained 



workers answered that call immediately and 
the sixty-four were the nucleus of a ver- 
itable army. 

For the women munition workers of our 
Allies the Y. W. C. A. has established a 
series of what are known as "foyers," re- 
creation centers or clubs in or near the fac- 
tory buildings themselves. There are rest 
rooms, a gymnasium which also does duty 
as a theater, auditorium and social hall, a 
cafeteria, class rooms for the study of Eng- 
lish, stenography, bookkeeping and sewing. 
In many of the centers outdoor recreation 
fields have been established. The service 
of these centers in maintaining and increas- 
ing the efficiency of women workers is dif- 
ficult to overestimate. 

For all this gigantic war task of the Y. 
W. C. A., money is an imperative need. The 
money can only come from the purses of 
the patriotic who appreciate the value of 
the service rendered. A campaign for more 
funds has been announced for the week be- 
ginning November 11, the drive to be made 
nation-wide in conjunction with a similar 
appeal in behalf of six other national war 
work organizations — the Y. M. C. A., the 
American Loyalty Association, the Jewish 
Welfare Association, the Knights of Colum- 
bus, the War Community Service and the 
Salvation Army. The seven organizations 
have combined their efforts at money-rais- 
ing at government request and have set 
their aggregate goal at $170,300,000, of 
which the Y. W. C. A. will receive $15,- 
000.000. 



%. €. ^t\)^mtx 




A 



nnounces 



the 



Philharmonic 
Courses 



Tuesday and Thursday Evenings 
Saturday Matinees 
Seven Internationally Famous Vocal- 
ists and Instrumentalists Each Series 
Season Tickets $5, $6, $8, $10 
EXTENSION SERIES— PHILHAR- 
MONIC COURSE 
Devoted to 
Illustrated Lectures given by Authorita- 
tive Speakers and Writers — 
"Private Peat" — Irvin Cobb 
"Baroness Huard" — Isaac Marcosson 
and Four Others of Fame 
Eight Lectures $3, $4, $5, $6 
All Tickets on sale Trinity Box Office 
Grand Ave. at 9th — Tel.: Main 6532 
Detailed information on request 

Please Mention Clubwoman 



18 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



iiiniiininiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiV 



CAUFORNIA 



E 



EXPOSITION PARK, COBI 



Live Stock Cattle Show 

Horse Show Flower Show 

Horticulture Agriculture Manufactures 

Our Nation's War Work in Combined Exhibits 
Direct from Washington 



Milita 




See What California is Doing to Win the 

World War 

Helpful Hints on Household Habits 

Learn how to cut down the High Cost of Living 

Thousands of Dollars in Premiums 
Poultry Rabbits Ponies Pet Stock 



it 

Visit Los Angeles and See the California Liber r 



OCTOBER, 1918 



19 



IIBERTY FAIR 

OBER 12 to 26, 1918 

United States Government War Exhibit 

Military Insignia. Famous Browning and Lewis Guns. 
Trench Mortars, Hand Grenades, Depth Bombs 




Cahfornia Fruits CaHfornia Flowers 
Special Prizes in Each Class 



ir. Exposition Park, OCTOBER 12 to 26, 1918 



20 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



OUTLINE OF SUGGESTED PLAN FOR HOME 

ECONOMICS CALIFORNIA WOMEN'S 

CLUBS— 1918-1919 

MRS. C. M. HARING, State Chairman 



The year's plan for Home Economics di- 
vides itself into two groups: 

A. Propaganda to be carried out by the 
Club as a whole. 

B. Programs for Home Economics Sec- 
tions. 

The following suggestions for Section 
Work are offered: 

1. A plan for a series of programs to be 
given throughout the year, consisting of lec- 
tures and demonstrations by local experts 
designed to prepare the housewife for the 
withdrawal of nurses, phj'sicians. and men, 
such as plumbers, electricians and jobbers. 

2. Plans for Class Study Work, under the 
direction of local experts: 

a. Course leading to Nurses' Aid Certifi- 
cate under the auspices of the local Red 
Cross. 

If a group of ten or more club members 
desire to fit themselves for Nurses' Aids in 
hospitals, they may arrange with the local 
Chapter American Red Cross to have the 
regular course, "Elementary Hygiene and 
Home Care of the Sick" given to them by 
a nurse or physician by paying the required 
fee; and taking the regular examination fol- 
lowed by 240 hours of hospital training. •' 

b. Course for Reconstruction Aid Work in 
Handicrafts for home or army service, under 
the direction of local women experts in 
knitting, metal work, jewelry making, wood 
work, upholstering, rug weaving or others. 

c. Course in Plain Sewing and Remodel- 
ing of Garments and Hats, given by a local 
teacher of Household Arts. 

d. Course in Fine Laundering, Removal of 
Stains and Dry Cleaning. 

e. Course in Nutrition and Food Conserv- 
ation recipes through actual laboratory 
cooking by arrangement with local schools. 

Other plans for Class Study: 

3. Correspondence Courses in Nutrition, 
Millinery and Mothercraft. available through 
Extension Division, University of Califor- 
nia. Write for catalogue. The leader may 
register for the course and follow her out- 
line for her class. In view of the Children's 
Year, the new course in Mothercraft is of- 
fered without a fee. 

4. Courses in the study of Clothing and 
Shelter from outlines prepared for the Cali- 
fornia Federation of Women's Clubs by 
Mrs. Dona De Luce, Berkele3', California. 
Because of the importance of these sub- 
jects and because they have been crowded 
out by the study of New Food Problems 
during the past year, they are of special 
interest now. 

In the outlines definite references are 
given for each topic so the study may be 
carried on with any interested club member 
as a leader. 



5. Corerspondence Courses in Clothing 
and Shelter will be prepared from the sug- 
gested outlines if clubs request it. 

6. Lectures on any of the topics sug- 
gested designed to be read at Club Pro- 
grams will also be considered. 

Further information regarding these Lec- 
ture and Correspondence Courses may be 
obtained through your District or State 
Chairman of Home Economics. 

The detailed Plan for General Club Work 
will be mailed to each Club. 




LT. S. Food Administration. 

De ol' song sez "Dar's Sugar in 
de Gourd," but Br'er 'Tater 'lows 
dat de only sugar he's studyin' 
'bout now-a-days is what's in de 
sugar bowl en hit's gwine ter stay 
dar. 

De folks w^ots doin' de fightin' 
mus' have sugar fust. 

But ef dars enny sweet'nin' in 
de gourd now'days, he sho' gwine 
ter git tapped, 'cause dey's lookin' 
fer syrups en 'lasses en honey to 
"substitute." 



PEERLESS 
LAUNDRY COMPANY 

All That the Name Implies 

AS TO 
FAMILY WASHING, FAMILY STYLE 

Main Street at Slauson Ave. 
Home 27961 South *18 



OCTOBER, 1918 



21 



OVER SEAS 

The following extract is from a letter 
written to Dr. Louise May Ricliter. Chair- 
man of Child Welfare, Los Angeles District, 
by her nephew. Sergeant Neal O. McCol- 
lum. who is with the American Expedition- 
ary Forces in France: 

"I had a very interesting trip, July 14, 
when I went to Orleans to attend the big 
French celebration. On two former visits 
I had gone through the museum, where are 
many relics of Joan of Arc. There is also a 
fine equestrian statue of her in the public 
square. 

"The celebration was held on the plaza, 
where a reviewing stand had been built. 
.'Xbout nine o'clock the maj'or and other 
civic officers, accompanied by a number of 
French and American army officers, occu- 
pied the reviewing stand. Next a general 
with his staff galloped up and dismounting, 
took his position. Then came a long column 
of troops, composed of companies from each 
liranch of the service and from the colonies. 
Each company had its distinctive uniform 
and a very colorful army they made. They 
were led by an .\merican Infantry band and 
a company of "dough boys'' brought up the 
rear. Each company, as it passed, received 
its share of applause, and the Americans 
were not neglected. Our troops came back 
at the head of the column and took their 
places in front of the reviewing stand. The 
band played the Marseillaise and the Star 
Spangled Banner while the crowd stood with 
bared heads and the soldiers at attention, 
saluting both. A number of speeches were 
made and then about forty French heroes 
marched out to receive the Croix de Guerre. 
They were accompanied by four French 
women dressed in mourning, who had 
come to receive the Croix their dead 
had won. One of them was an old lady, 
holding a beautiful little girl, about three 
years old. by the hand — "a dead hero's 
mother and motherless baby," a French sol- 
dier told me. \N'hen the General, who was 
doing the decorating, reached her, he ten- 
derly pinned on the Croix her dead son had 
won, and picking up the little girl, kissed 
her. There were not many dry eyes in the 
crowd." 



Dr. James A. Francis, of Los .Angeles, 
who has been a popular speaker in California 
for several of our war drives, is now in En.g- 
land in the army Y. M. C. A. work, and in 
an interesting letter to the members of his 
church and congregation in Los Anegles, he 
writes in an optimistic vein regarding the 
early end of the war. He paj'S a splendid 
tribute to the American soldiers to whom 
he is ministering. In part he says: 

The end of the war is now as plain as if it 
were here. It is only a matter of time, and 
no very long time. It may run into next 
spring and it may not. America has turned 
the tide already, and news of America's un- 
heard-of quantity productions in munitions 
and shipping, coupled with the impression 
our troops make as they come in, creates a 



"-first aid" 
in clothes 
buying— 



The wromen are helping 
today in more ways 
than a few. More and 
more they're helping 
the men in the selection 
of their clothes. Wom- 
en are natural shoppers. 
They have learned to 
recognize real value 
w^hen they see it. They 
have become a most 
valuable aid to the men 
these days in selecting 
the clothes that give 
long wear — that render 
real war-time service. 
We invite every woman 
to spend a part of her 
shopping hours in "the 
storewithaCon- 
science" — the store of 
better values for "him." 




' The store with 
a Conscience" 

BROADWAY 
AT SIXTH 

THE HOME OF H.\RT SCH.AFFNER & MARX CLOTHES 



22 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



new atmosphere. Last Sunday in scores and 
scores of London pulpits the note was, "We 
see the dawning of the day;" "The Die Is 
Cast;" "Every Life Germany Gives Up Now 
Is a Life Wasted." Ritual prepared by the 
archbishops of Canterbury and York and 
used in all churches last Sunday thanked 
God "for the timely and mighty help of the 
United States." 

The way our men go at a thing is a won- 
der over here. I went out with a "Y" man 
today. He rented a house for the period of 
the war for a secretaries' home and bought 
the furniture in about the time it would take 
some men to select the pattern for a spring 
suit. 

I frequently meet boys from within walk- 
ing distance of our church. They have a 
.word here by which they describe the way 
our men fight. They say, "Why, those 
Yanks, when they start, go just where they 
start to go. and nothing stops them." As 
6000 of them went by the other day with 
song and laughter, a Britisher said to me, 
"My! They look like kings!" I replied, 
"That's what they are, old man." 

You ought to see a young captain's look 
of pride when he says, "My company is 100 
per cent clean." I hear other nationalities 
refer to them as, "Those splendid Ameri- 
cans." The message of Christ is welcome in 
these camps. Such a thing as disrespect to- 
ward it or toward the messenger I've not 
met. One feels that these men want to do 
right and are glad of any help. 



SOCIAL HEALTH 
INSURANCE 

Since many requests have come from vari- 
ous sources to know the action of the Cali- 
fornia Federation of Women's Clubs regard- 
ing the Social Health Insurance Measure, 
and conflicting statements have been made 
on the subject, it seems only fair to state 
definitely the action taken: 

In February, 1917, the Executive Board of 
the California Federation passed the follow- 
ing motion and resolution: 

"Moved to endorse the passage of Senate 
Bill No. 870 and Constitutional Amendment 
No. 26, relating! to Social and Health Insur- 
ance." Carried. 

"WHEREAS, The Government of the 
State of California has appointed on May 
18th, 1915, a Commission to investigate and 
report concerning the adoption of a system 
of Social Insurance, and such report must be 
made at the next Legislature, and 

"WHEREAS, In several other States ef- 
forts are being made to introduce systems of 
Social Health Insurance which would give 
the wage-workers the much needed protec- 
tion in case of sickness, similar to that al- 
ready provided in case of industrial injuries, 
and 

WHEREAS, It is generally recognized 
that sickness and loss of earnings and the 
expense connected therewith bring thou- 
sands of wage-workers and their families to 
distress and actual destitution, and 



"WHEREAS, The necessity for Social 
Health Insurance has been established by 
the investigations of the United States Pub- 
lic Service, and the United States Depart- 
ment of Labor; be it 

"RESOLVED, That the California Feder- 
ation of Women's Clubs goes on record as 
favoring a system of Social Health Insur- 
ance in the State of California by means of 
which out of contributions made jointly by 
workers, their employers and the State, am- 
ple sick benefits should be paid, and all 
necessary aid to recovery be provided to 
the wage-workers, and be it 

"RESOLVED, That the California Feder- 
ation of Women's Clubs recommends that 
the Legislature be requested to retain the 
State Social Insurance Commission until 
such time as their necessary investigations 
and recommendations shall have been com- 
pleted." 

Carried. 

In March, 1918, at a Conference of the 
Executive Board, held in San Francisco, the 
recommendation was made to endorse the 
Social Health Insurance Measure to submit 
to the Women's Legislative Council of Cali- 
fornia. The recommendation carried with 
one opposing vote. 

At the next regular Executive Board 
meeting, held in Los Angeles, the recom- 
mendation of the Conference was adopted 
with one opposing vote. 

The question of Social Health Insurance 
has never been considered in Annual Con- 
vention. 

BERTHA L. CABLE, President. 



WHITE KING 

White 
For the Laundry 

WESTERN STAR 

White Floating 
For Laundry or Bath 

CALLA LILY BORAX 

White Cocoanut Oil 
For Bath and Shampoo 

COCOA NAPTKA 

Yellow 
For The Laundiy 

MERMAID WASHING 
POWDER 

Softens the Water 

ANVIL PUMICE 

Toilet 

For the Autoiat 

Sufficient Aaaortment for any Family 

LOS ANGELES SOAP COMPANY 



I 



OCTOBER, 1918 



23 



WOMEN IN STATE LEGISLATURE 



While the South failed to elect its women 
candidates to the State Legislature, the 
North did itself honor. It will send four 
women to the Assembly: Mrs. Anna Saylor 
of Berkeley, Mrs. Grace S. Dorris of Bakers- 
field, Mrs. Elizabeth Hughes of Oroville, 
and Miss Esto Eroughton of Modesto. 



Mrs. .Anna L. Saylor of Berkeley wins 
both the Republican and Democratic nomi- 
nation to the Assembly, which assures her 
the election. 

Mrs. Saylor is described as a quiet, earn- 
est little woman, with a long record of club 
activities, both in Indiana and in California. 
She was president of the Indiana Union of 
Literar)' Clubs, which was afterwards re- 
named the Indiana State Federation of 
Clubs. She is an active member of the 
Twentieth- Century Club, the Civic League, 
and the Navy League of Berkeley. She has 
also taken a leading part in all war activities. 

In an interview with a reporter on the 
San Francisco Bulletin, Mrs. Saylor is 
quoted as saying: "I have always felt that 
along with vice and liquor interests, and 
unscrupulous business influences, the great- 
est enemy to good government is indifferent 
citizenship; therefore, when I was asked by 
a number of the best and most influential 
men and women of Berkeley to become their 
candidate for the Firty-lirst District, I look 
upon it as a right obligation and a solemn 
duty." 



Miss Esto Broughton of Modesto, who, in 
the primary, received the Democratic, Re- 
publican. Prohibition and the Socialist nomi- 
nation, and is thereby virtually elected, is a 
graduate of the law school of the University 
of California and practiced her profession 
in Modesto in the office of Senator Maddux. 
She has been very active in the civic life of 
Modesto, having served as president of the 
Woman's Improvement Club besides being 
head of the Belgian relief and a very active 
worker in the Red Cross. 

Miss Broughton has made a special study 
of the irirgation laws of this State. She is 
in favor of the adoption of the federal 
amendment in relation to liquor and in all 
other cases will stand solidly behind the pro- 
gressive and humanitarian measures put on 
the statute books during the administration 
of Senator Hiram lohnson. 



Mrs. Elizabeth Hughes, better known as 
Mrs. J. B. Hughes of Oroville, is one of the 
women of our State whose election to the 
next .Assembly is practically assured. At 
the .August primary Mrs. Hughes eliminated 
her two men opponents, winning the Re- 
publican, Democratic and Socialist nomina- 
tions. 

Mrs. Hughes was born in San Francisco, 
and under her maiden name, Elizabeth 
Lorentzen, was a well known teacher in the 



schools of .Alameda and other bay cities. As 
the wife of a school man she has kept in 
close touch with educational problems. As 
a public speaker, Mrs. Hughes has fre- 
quently appeared before educational bodies. 
During the year 1914-15 she was a lecturer 
in Librarians' School of the State Library, 
at Sacramento. The year following she was 




Miss Esto Broughton 

chosen by the Board of Regents to be a 
member of the faculty of the University of 
California Extension Division, and is still 
connected with that department. 

Mrs. Hughes has been an active club 
woman for ten years past. She has been Art 
leader of the Oroville Monday Club since 
its establishment. For three years she was 
Art Chairman of the Northern District of 
Federated Clubs, and it was at her sugges- 
tion that a Traveling Art Exhibit for the 
district was established. As a delegate to 
several State conventions, Mrs. Hughes has 
become widely known and counts among 
her personal friends many of the most prom- 
inent club women of the State and nation. 

Mrs. Hughes is best known to her towns- 
men and neighbors as a civic worker. She 
was largely instrumental in obtaining ade- 
quate playground equipment for the Oro- 
ville public school children. As secretary of 
the Belgian Relief organization of Oroville, 
she became deeply interested in war work. 
Since the entrance of the United States into 
the war, Mrs. Hughes has been active in 
Red Cross work, and is now chairman of 
Butte County Chapter. She is also directing 
the women of the county in their Liberty 
Loan campaign and is an active member of 
the Butte County Council of Defense, hav- 
ing the distinction of being the only woman 
on that body. 

Mrs. Hughes made her campaign for the 
legislature largely on the basis of needed 
preparation for the return of our soldiers. 
It is her hope that her experience in war 
work will enable her to do some effective 
work along these lines in Sacramento. 



24 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



Jessica Lee Briggs, San Francisco 



t.^.. »■.»..»■■>■■■■■»■■»»■ ■—>«'»^ 



■M>».«I.>1.>.1«..»H#4.»..>..» M ««»«.».< 



>»•••••••..•»•. 



INTERPRETERS 



There are some thoughts too sad to put in 
words. 
There are some joys too deep for accents 
gay. 
I think that that is why God makes the birds. 
Such things to say. 

There are some moments full of melodies 
Too sweet for harps or any human thing. 

I think that that is why God makes the trees, 
Such songs to sing. 

There are some souls that down life's high- 
way pass 

Too fair to last in hope's bright diadem. 
I think that that is why God makes the grass. 

To shelter them. 

There are some hours too lonely for the 
light, 
When shining rays but rude intruders 
seem. 
/ think that that is zuhy God makes the night, 
To sleep, and dream. 

— American Lumberman. 



The President of the United States has 
proclaimed the 12th day of October "Lib- 
ert Day." It is of signal import to the in- 
habitants of the earth that one day in the 
year's calendar shall be known as Liberty 
Day. Another milestone has thus been 
erected along the King's Highway. 



Buy a Liberty Bond and do your part to- 
ward making California's quota go over the 
top. 



The news comes to us that Miss Mary 
MacArthur, general secretary of the Na- 
tional Federation of Women Workers, is a 
candidate for a seat in the British House of 
Commons, and that 90 per cent of Miss Mac- 
Arthur's comrades are engaged in the manu- 
facture of munitions, and that the funds of 
the organization are invested in war loans. 



God willing, the maudlin-sympathetic, the 
crying, the bewailing-of-fate woman is an 
individual fast being shoved into the past 
alongside of the swooning, flirtatious creat- 
ure of a century ago. 

The war is "making Phyllis think," and 
the picture of Phyllis puckering her brows 
in this effort is amusing. But Phyllis will 
have to do even more than think, as much 
as the world needs thinkers. 



Apropos of Phyllis thinking, a story is 
told of a soldier returning home without an 
arm (this story may apply to all ages of 
Phyllises), "Oh!" she said with a smothered 
gasp and a look of distorted sympathy, 
"how did you lose your arm?" 

"I did not lose my arm, madam," answered 
the soldier, "I gave it." 



The last call for workers from the Red 
Cross Service Department overseas is to 
send women who are happy, — women who 
know how to be happy under all circum- 
stances; women who know how to laugh 
and be glad; women who know how to clasp 
the hand and to read the heart, to see suf- 
fering and to still make glad, still be happy. 
This is one of the greatest needs of the 
hour, shall we be able to meet it? 



I boarded a street car the other day, which 
is a regular every-day habit of anyone of us; 
and on the car was a number of soldiers, 
this too is a regular every-day occurrence. 
Seated at the end of the car was a young 
Scotchman in uniform. At once I noticed 
that his left hand was gone. "What a splen- 
did young laddie," I thought. 

Two women got on the car at the next 
stop and sat near. "Poor fellow," said the 
younger and sighed. I could not refrain 
from reaching forward with the words, 
"Please don't say, 'poor fellow'." 

"I know he's a hero," said the younger 
woman. 

"That is just it," I replied. 

"But you can't help saying poor fellow 
when you've a son in the service," said the 
older woman. 

"We each have someone in the service, 
though it may not be a son," I said, and 
tears of pride came to my eyes as I thought 
of a nephew barely eighteen. 

"Oh, I know," said the mother, "that our 
boys are being given wonderful opportuni- 
ties in training, in study, and in most every- 
thing such as they could never possibly get 
in any other way," and we spoke of the 
situation from this point of view until I 
had reached my destination. 

Those earnest workers "physicians and 
specialists," already preparing for the recon- 
struction of our soldiers' lives on returning 
home, are impressing us first of all that the 
man returning from the fight does not want 
out pity; what he does want is our best, our 
strongest loyalty and our support. 



I 



OCTOBER, 1918 



25 



EXPLANATION OF 

AMENDMENT NO. 26 

University of California, 
Berkeley, Cal., August 10, 1918. 

The adoption of Senate Constitutional 
Amendment No. 26 is one of the necessities 
to which we are driven by the closely 
locked-up condition of the California Consti- 
tution. Such a situation makes it essential, 
in order that our State may keep abreast of 
the social, economic and industrial move- 
ment of the age, that doors be opened one 
by one for the necessary legislation, whether 
through the leigslature or through popular 
initiative. With initiative and referendum 
now embodied in the constitution, there is 
no longer occasion for the fear formerly en- 
tertained of the legislature arbitrarily trans- 
gressing the rights of the people. For it is 
to be remembered that the initaitive cannot 
operate without the sanction of a constitu- 
tional amendment, and that wheresoever a 
constitutional amendment gives authority to 
the legislature, it equally gives authority to 
the people to use the initiative to establish 
legislation and to use the referendum to 
block legislation. The proposed amendment 
safeguards these great prerogatives of the 
people, as well as leaving untouched the 
general and special safeguards of constitu- 
tional limitations. 

If the people desire the opportunity to 
pass laws on the subject of voluntary or 
compulsory social health insurance, there is 
no way of accomplishing such a result ex- 
cept by the adoption of an amendment like 
the one proposed. In order to have power 
to control public utilities adequately, it was 
necessary to adopt the far-reaching consti- 
tutional amendment which reconstituted the 
railroad commission. This proposed amend- 
ment is innocence itself as compared with 
the amendment adopted in 1911, creating the 
railroad commission. Likewise, we could 
not have passed such laws as the compensa- 
tion act, the minimum wage law for women 
and minors, and other acts indicated by 



modern social public opinion, without the re- 
lease afforded by amendment to the consti- 
tution. 

The wording of the proposed amendment 
seems to be entirely satisfactory. The gen- 
eral principles and limitations of both the 
State and Federal constitutions control and 
restrict. For instance, arbitrary and unrea- 
sonable classification and discrimination are 
prevented by the safeguards elsewhere pro- 
vided. On the otiier hand, reasonable classi- 
fication exists as an inherent power of legis- 
lation and is nowhere affected or curtailed 
by existing provisions of the constitution. 

Through abundance of caution, the refer- 
endum is expressly preserved in the pro- 
posed amendment. This does not seem to 
have been necessary, but like many features 
in both Federal and State constitutions, is 
included so as to prevent misunderstanding. 
The amendment gives power only with re- 
spect to a health insurance system, and in 
the passage of laws on that subject the legis- 
lature will be controlled by all the general 
provisions of the constitution, such as the 
initiative and referendum, and the principles 
of constitutional construction. 

WM. CAREY JONES, 
Dean of California State Law School. Pro- 
fessor of Constitutional Law, California 
State Law School. 



VOTE FOR 



Judge Russ Avery 

(Incumbent) 

FOR 

Judge of the Superior Court 

Graduate of L. A. High School, U. 
of C, Harvard Law School. Resident 
of L. A. for 32 years. Member of Bar 
for 20 years. 
Able, honest, experienced and fearless. 



!fiX»ilfiy^£fi!fitfitf;y^ifiXtfi!fiStfitf;SifiEfiXy=i 







This sign is your gnarantee of bis- 
cmt Purity and Perfection. It is 
the famous "Good Luck" Seal of 
the Pacific Coast Biscuit Company 
— makers of Swastika Brand — the 
best biscuits. Demand Swastikas! 



!fi»;xy^wxyiyiyitf;EfiifiEfiwyi!fi!fi>fix>fi!fiyT 



26 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



CARE OF OUR 
WOUNDED 

Miss Maria de G. S. Lopez was formerly a 
teacher in the Los Angeles High School and a 
member of the College Women's Club. 

From one of the nurses in this hospital 
comes the following story of caring for- our 
own American soldiers when they come in 
wounded: 

"Life has been rather strenuous for us 
since Mrs. Brown left us in May. We have 
been busy most of the time — ^very often 
working night and day, for in times of a 
rush there is no ceasing — mobs and mobs of 
wounded arrive at our doors and they must 
be cared for. The hospital made what it 
thought to be ample preparations for the 
last two drives — but even so — the numbers 
that came were much beyond any expecta- 
tion on the part of war authorities in these 
parts. 

Beginning with July 18 our own American 
boys came to us wounded, hungry, thirsty, 
crying for help as we had so often seen the 
French arrive. Our hearts had been moved 
time and again but now — it was just a little 
different. Our very own were suffering and 
for once we realized that America was at 
war with all its might. And it is surely sad. 
It is such a terrible price to pay. But we 
must win for the sake of the whole world. 

You, probablv know that Miss McKee or- 
ganized the aids and for over two months 
we have had charge of the Salle Prepara- 
toire which means that we prepare all the 
patients that are operated upon in our wards. 
We take down dirty, bloody dressings, clean 
the wounds, shave and put on new dressings. 
I cannot begin to describe to you the 
pitiable condition in which the men come to 
us. These are not days for tears else we 
would weep! Thousands have passed 
through our hands — so you may know we 
have seen some suffering. 

Miss McKee has certainly made a success 
of her work. She is a splendid worker and 
inspires one to do one's best. 

The American boys who are brought here 
are cared for with the other wounded by 
French doctors and nurses. During our 
hours off duty we have tried to vfsit our 
boys. I adopted a young captain — twenty- 
five years old. He was so wonderfully brave 
— patient — and sweet and so hopeful al- 
though he knew he had been shot through 
the spine and was paralyzed from the waist 
down. I did for him the little things his 
mother would have had me do. I think his 
last days were made a little easier — and so, 
one tragedy after another. We cannot over- 
look the personal. It is too close to us. 

The American Red Cross has been won- 
derful to the boys. A Capt. Green is in 
charge of the work in this region and he is 
welcomed by them every day. The boys 
like him. Red Cross has sent us eggs, 
oranges, lemons, cigarettes and newspapers. 



The much looked for ambulance has not 
yet arrived. We would like so much to 
have it. We feel that we have missed an 
exceptional opportunity during the past few 
weeks because of the delay. We have been 
driving the old Dodge car and it has done 
service for the hospital as a messenger. 
Poor old thing! Little by little it drops to 
pieces but we replace the parts and after a 
while we almost have a brand new car. 
MARIE DE G. S. LOPEZ, 
Treasurer W. O. H. Ognon. 



THREE PHILHARMONIC COURSES 

Manager Behymer has declared not for 
"music as usual," but for "more music than 
usual," and to this end has arranged for 
the three Philharmonic Courses, of seven 
concerts, a series devoted entirely to vocal 
music and a series of piano recitals. 

The Philharmonic Courses will be more 
interesting than ever, including American 
artists of established reputations or artists 
already well known here from our allied 
countries. The Tuesday evening series will 
be opened October 22nd with Anna Fitziu, 
the American soprano, and Andres de Se- 
gurola, basso-baritone from the Metropoli- 
tan, in joint concert. This will be one of 
the most interesting, varied programs of 
the year, the first half devoted to songs, 
arias and duets, the second half to a short 
French musical sketch, done in costume. 

John McCormack on Three Courses 

So much has been written about John 
McCormack, and his popularity is so wide- 
spread, that there but remains the an- 
nouncement of his appearance in Los An- 
geles at three concerts to create a sensa- 
tion. He will be heard in entirely different 
programs on each of the Philharmonic 
Courses, November 2nd, 5th and 7th. 

Of the newcomers on the series may be 
mentioned Anna Case, May Peterson, and 
Mabel Garrison, all Americans whose suc- 
cesses have been won both abroad and at 
home; Lucy Gates of Salt Lake City, who 
has won the approval of the entire East, will 
be heard in joint recital with the Trio de 
Lutece, flute, violin and cello. Mme. Frances 
Alda of the Metropolitan returns, Josef 
Hofmann, the most popular of pianists, 
Louis Graveure, Yvette Guilbert, all will be 
heard on the Philharmonic Courses. 

War Lectures to Be Given at Trinity 

Realizing the widespread interest every 
one has in regard to the various aspects of 
the war. Manager Behymer announces an 
Extension Series of the Philharmonic 
Courses which will be devoted to lectures 
illustrated with motion pictures taken on 
all fronts, by the most authoritative speak- 
ers before the public. 

The terrors of the invasion, the hardships 
and triumphs of the soldier, the changed 
standards of living, the sociological, politi- 



OCTOBER, 1918 



27 



cal and financial results of the war, the 
attitude of the enemy in general, many 
tales, humorous and pathetic but always 
valorous, and the splendid work of the 
navies will be told by individuals, each one 
of whom has had the assistance and ap- 
proval of the allied governments in se- 
curing material. 

Among the speakers will be Private Peat, 
on October 29th. Every one knows of this 
spectacular Canadian who was among the 
first overseas. 

Baroness Huard. daughter of Frances 
Wilson, will tell of her flight out of the 
Chateau Thierry district; D. Thomas Cur- 
tin, the man who "dragged the truth out 
of Germany" through his vigorous investi- 



gations under Lord Northclifife; Irvin S. 
Cobb, the great American humorist, has 
returned from the continent with a new 
story from the fronts; Charles Upson Clark 
of the American University in Rome cabled 
Mr. Eehymer recently that he was being 
afforded every assistance from the Italian 
government in his visit and search after 
material giving the Italian point of view; 
Major Dugmore. the English author and 
soldier; Ralph D. Paine, wih his story of 
the "Fighting Fleets," and Isaac Marcos- 
son, the foremost American reporter, will 
all be included on the Extension Series. 

All the concerts and lectures will be given 
in Trinity Auditorium, where ticket reser- 
vations may be made. 




WILL C. WOOD 

presents his candidacy for 

State Superintendent of Public 
Instruction 



to the voters of California 
GENERAL ELECTION NOV. 5. 1918 

His candidacy was indorsed by over 
203,000 voters at the recent primary, 
giving him a substantial pluraHty over 
his nearest competitor. 

His supporters include practically all 
of the leading educators of the State. 

His candidacy is based upon a splen- 
did record as elementary school 
teacher, principal, city superintendent 
of schools (Alameda) and state com- 
missioner of secondary schools. 

California Needs His Leadership in 
School Affairs 



HIS CANDIDACY IS INDORSED BY THE FOLLOWING REPRESENTATIVE WOMEN 

OF CALIFORNIA: 



Mrs. Russ Avery 

Mrs. O. Shepard Barnum 

Dr. Adelaide Brown 

Miss Annie Florence Brown 

Mrs. Arthur Brown 

Mrs. Oliver C. Bryant 

Mrs. H. A. Cable 

Dr. Louise Harvev Clarke 

Mrs. L. P. Crane 

Miss Nadine Crump 

Mrs. Mary A. Coman 

Mrs. Theodore Coleman 

Mrs. Susan M. Dorsey 

Mrs. George Dane 

Mrs. John Eshleman 

Mrs. Torrey Everett 

Mrs. E. K. Foster 

Mrs. Margaret Frick 

Mrs. Frank A. Gibson 

Miss Marcia Gilmore 

Mrs. Francis Carleton Harmon 

Mrs. Arthur Heineman 

Mrs. John R. Havnes 

Mrs. A. L. Hamilton 



Mrs. 

Mrs. 

Mrs. 

Mrs. 

Mrs. 

Mrs. 

Mrs. 

Miss 

Miss 

Miss 

Miss 

Mrs. 

Mrs. 

Dr. J. 

Mrs." 

Miss 

Miss 

Mrs. 

Mrs. 

Mrs. 

Mrs. 

Mrs. 

Mrs. 

Mrs. 



Randall Hutchinson 
M. E. Jenkins 
Berenice Johnson 
Mark Keppel 

E. T. Lickley 
W. F. Marshall 
Ernest C. Moore 
Ethel Moore 
Fannie W. McLean 
Blanche Morse 
Alicia Mosgrove 
Willoughby Rodman 
Matthew Robertson 
essie A. Russell 
Seward A, Simons 
Evelyn Stoddart 
Bessie Stoddart 
Jessie H. Steinhart 
Grace C. Stanley 
Edwin M. Stanton 
Maud Thomas 

F. C. Turner 
Shelley Tolhurst 
Ruth Weatherdee 



28 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



The County Welfare Department — What Is 

It? Is It Needed? What Does It 

Do? Has It Been Tried? 

Cornelia McKinne Stanwood 

In the County Welfare Department plan, 
the community asks the supervisors to share 
with it the responsibility of county relief 
work. In this SHARING of responsibility 
lies the basis for the success of this plan. 
The supervisors bring to the commission 
the funds and the responsibility; the other 
commissioners bring time, counsel and high 
purpose. The Commission chooses an ex- 
ecutive secretary and a nurse to carry out 
its plans for community welfare. Other so- 
cial agents are added from time to time as 
the work grows. 

San Bernardino, Humboldt, Fresno, San 
Mateo, Sonoma are now working under' this 
plan. Each county varies slightly in con- 
formity to local needs but the underlying 
principles of sharing responsibility and uni- 
fying work are alike in each case. 

The typical County Welfare Department 
is composed of seven members, — men and 
women; two supervisors and five unpaid 
commissioners. These commissioners should 
truly represent the entire county with its 
many viewpoints of nationality, religion and 
locality. 

The County Welfare Department is 
needed. In 1916-17 the counties of Califor- 
nia spent $3,929,223 for public relief of de- 
pendents. All this money by State law, 
passed through the hands of the supervis- 
ors. They have the funds for relief and the 
responsibility for its proper distribution. 
They are busy men, with constant and in- 
sistent demands on them. It takes a great 
deal of time and thought to adequately, in- 
telligently and sympathetically administer 
relief. The investigation, supervision and 
work for rehabilitation of the unfortunate 
dependent demands the full time of well- 
paid relief agents chosen on a basis of train- 
ing and experience. Thirty-four counties of 
the State still distribute their relief through 
the grocery orders of supervisors — without 
system, without adequate record, without 
satisfactory results. The supervisors them- 
selves in many cases are dissatisfied with 
the present system. 

The desire for a County Welfare Depart- 
ment comes generally from public spirited 
men and women in the county who see fail- 
ure in the present system. Money is wasted, 
children are often neglected, the unworthj' 
impose on the county, and the worthy often 
go unrelieved. 

It has been tried successfully. 

The supervisors of San Bernardino saved 
twenty-one thousand dollars for the county 
during the first year under Welfare Com- 
mission. At the close of the year they asked 
the Commission to take over the manage- 
ment of the county hospital. It has done so 
and the hospital reflects in spirit the atti- 
tude of the Commission. It is a place of 
comfort for sick people. The supervisors 
know that the poor of their county who are 
ill are as well taken care of as the best of 
their citizens in private hospitals. 



Governor Stephens 

Pays Tribute to 

Women Voters 

In his address before the Repub- 
Hcan state convention at Sacramento 
Governor Stephens very properly 
and very aptly referred to the activ- 
ities of women in the politics of the 
state, and also recalled some his- 
tory on the subject which should 
not be forgotten. He said : 

"This Republican convention is 
honored and distinguished by the 
presence of three women delegates, 
prospective members of the ap- 
proaching legislature. 

"The Republican convention of 
1910 wrote into its platform a plank 
endorsing woman's suffrage — the 
first definite step taken in Califor- 
nia towards extending equal polit- 
ical rights to women. It is fitting, 
therefore, that the Republican con- 
vention of 1918 should be the first 
convention in California to record 
the participation of women in the 
party's deliberations. 

"In the wonderful advance in the 
political, social and economic condi- 
tions in California since 1911 the 
women have had a part equal with 
the men. Had the women of this 
state not been accorded full rights 
and had it not become necessary to 
recognize woman's conscience and 
woman's brain as active political 
factors, California could not have 
attained in so short a time, the 
proud position which she holds 
among the most enlightened and 
advanced states in the Union. We 
rejoice that women now are to 
share in the active task of law- 
making." 



OCTOBER, 1918 



29 



The Fresno Welfare Department has 
worked along the same lines. It closed its 
orphanage and placed the children in in- 
dividual family homes. Into its empty 
orphanage, it is now bringing the old men 
and women from the county hospital who 
are able to be up and around. These old 
people will be much happier in these beau- 
tiful new surroundings — away from the sor- 
rows that of necessity lie near sickness. 

They, in turn, will leave emptj' a build- 
ing which the Commission plans to fill with 
student nurses to train in the county hos- 
pital. So Fresno's Welfare Department is 
quickly and deftly adjusting its work along 
better lines. 

In conclusion the County Welfare De- 
partment of the Supervisors is a new plan 
but a sound one. It is now going through 
the stress and the straights of adjustment 
but it is based on sound principles. 

It keeps the responsibility of relief where 
it belongs — with the supervisors: but draws 
to the supervisors, in the personality of its 
unpaid commissioners, the strength, the 
thought and the best judgment of the entire 
county. 



SAN FRANCISCO DISTRICT 



DISTRICT NEWS 

NORTHERN DISTRICT 

The first Executive Board meeting of the 
Northern District, C. F. W. C. for the sea- 
son of 1918-1919, was held at the Sacramento 
Hotel, September 7th, at 10:00 a. m. 

Routine business was transacted. The 
board gave official approval of the Sugges- 
tionnaire issued b}' the president. 

How to uphold interest in club work dur- 
ing the period of the war when so many 
of the best club workers are busily engaged 
in war activities, was the topic that received 
the greatest amount of discussion. Two 
points were developed for the consideration 
of the clubs: First, That meetings be held 
less frequently than formerly. Second, That 
recreational programs be provided for the 
tired workers who would enjoy, with a clear 
conscience, the amusements that would be 
sanctioned by authority. 

Each departmental chairman has prepared 
the coming year's work with special refer- 
ence to the needs of the hour. Suggestions 
are concise and apropos; with the kindly 
offer of further assistance upon request. The 
Suggestionnaire has been sent to all the 
clubs and to each member of the Executive 
Board, both District and State. 

The president has outlined an itinerary of 
the District, which begins September 23d. 
and ending December 6th. This covers many 
miles of territory but arranges the presi- 
dent's visits to coincide with the regular 
meeting day of the various clubs. The ob- 
jects of these official visits are: To sustain 
and encourage the Federation spirit; to pre- 
serve the principles and to fulfill the 
promises of the greatest organization of 
women in the United States. 

The slogan is "Courage and Encourage." 

(Mrs. G. E.) ISOBEL S. CHAPPELL. 



Mrs. W. C. Morrow 

One of the new war measures interesting 
to clubwomen is the consolidation of clubs 
■ — one club absorbing another, following the 
conservation plan. To Kalon Club was, one 
of the first clubs to take this move. To 
Kalon Club takes the initiative in what many 
conservative clubwomen predict will even- 
tually take place — the amalgamation of 
small clubs with larger ones for better and 
more extensive work. The To Kalon Club 
admitted the Dorian Club in a body at its 
first meeting in September. As another 
measure to increase membership the To 
Kalon Club admitted daughters and daugh- 
ters-in-laws of members for this withotft an 
initiation fee. 

To Kalon Club' made "Founders' Day" an 
eventful one this year. A breakfast was 
held at the Fairmont Hotel on Friday, Sep- 
tember 20, 1918. Mrs. A. W. Stokes, a "Cap- 
toin" who participated in the W. S. S. Drive 
in the Twenty-third Assembly District, sold 
$75 of W. S. S. at the Breakfast. 

Members of Laurel Hall Club served 
during the recent Drive for nurses, and also 
in the W. S. S. Drive. Mrs. Allan B. Evans, 
a member, made a record sale the first day 
she went out in the Thrift Stamp Drive, 
selling all she took out in a few hours and 
returning for more and selling them. Mrs. 
Evans is also to participate in the Liberty 
Loan Drive, and members of Laurel Hall 
will also act as salesmen for the Bonds. 

Mrs. A. W. Scott, the President of the 
Forum Club, has initiated a series of talks 
instead of programs for her club. Miss 
Charlotte Ebbets talked on matters pertain- 
ing to the Food Administration. Mrs. James 
Griffin of Denver, representing the college 
women's war committee, and Mrs. Arthur 
O'Neill spoke on the San Francisco Nurses' 
Association. 

The Pacific Coast Women's Press Asso- 
ciation held two meetings in September. 
The first, coming on September 9, Admis- 
sion Day, was patriotic in character. Mrs. 
Henry C. Bunker, the new President, pre- 
sided with grace and dignity. Mrs. Bunker 
gave a talk on "Our Problem" at the Mem- 
bers' Meeting. Mrs. North-Whitcomb and 
Miss Eleanor Croudace also spoke, and 
there was music. 

Owing to a pressure of duties Mrs. John 
Perrine, who has acted as Corresponding 
Secretary for the San Francisco District, 
has been obliged to resign, and Miss Anita 
Wales, the young daughter of Mrs. Edward 
Wales, the new President of To Kalon, has 
been appointed by Mrs. Frank Fredericks 
to act in that capacity. The appointment is 
a decided tribute to Miss Wales, as the posi- 
tion usually falls on older shoulders. Mrs. 
Wales has inaugurated a new feature in the 
reading of a composite letter from "Our 
Bovs" in Camp and over seas. This comes 
under the Service Flag Section and Mrs. J. 
M. Kepner has it in charge. Mrs. Wales 
presided at the opening meeting and opened 



30 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



the meeting with "The Star Spangled Ban- 
ner" and closed with "America." 

At the last meeting of the San Francisco 
District it was decided that a Liberty Bond 
of the fourth issue should be bought. It is 
a good precedent to follow, as the San Fran- 
cisco District has already bought Bonds. 

Mrs. H. C. Tibbitts, the new President 
of The California Club, has decided to make 
all the club meetings accessible to the public 
for the coming year. It is expected that 
eminent speakers will address the members 
on war work and war conditions, and Mrs. 
Tibbitts has generously made it possible for 
all those interested to attend. 

Mrs. Wade Williams, the President of the 
Papyrus Club, has changed the place of 
meeting to the St. Francis. War activities 
will be a feature for the coming year. It 
has been decided to abandon all social af- 
fairs and the members will devote their 
energies to Red Cross and War Work. 

The Vittoria Colonna Club held its first 
meeting of the club year at the Fairmont, 
where matters of importance were dis- 
cussed. 

The call of the Government for workers 
in The Fourth Liberty Loan has found club- 
women responding nobly. All else is sub- 
servient to this demand, and no functions 
are to be given during this drive. 

Corona Club opened with "Vacation Ex- 
periences." Mrs. Cecil W. Mark has the 
helm for the ensuing year. Mrs. Mark is a 
vocalist of unusual talent, and will make a 
capable officer. The year opened with a 
luncheon, and various speakers related their 
adventures during vacation time. 



ADAMEDA DISTRICT 

Mrs. H. W. Whitworth, Oakland 

At the first board meeting of the year the 
President, Mrs. Katherine Smith, suggested 
that the board adopt a "Suggestionaire" in 
which each chairman should be asked to 
contribute her plan of work for her depart- 
ment for the year, which should be sent to 
all the club presidents of the district. 



On Wednesday, September 11th, the Oak- 
land Club of which Miss Theresa Russeau 
is the President, held a very interesting 
California Day at their club home. Mr. 
Joseph R. Knowland, Past President of the 
Native Sons of the Golden West and Chair- 
man of Landmarks of California, gave a 
very interesting illustrated talk dating as 
early as 1847. Mr. Knowland also spoke of 
the work of the Native Sons in restoring the 
Old Missions. This talk was followed by a 
solo, "I Love You, California," by Mrs. 
Fred Laufer, and a group of Spanish songs 
rendered by Prof. R. E. Kern, a descendant 
of General Vallejo of California. Spanish 
dances in costume were given by Miss Eu- 
gene Beardsley. The chairman of the aft- 
ernoon, Mrs. Allis Miller, was also in Span- 
ish costume. 



SOUTHERN DISTRICT NEWS 

Mrs. Zerna Gates Hosfelt, Press Chairman, 

Rialto 

The September meeting of the Executive 
Board of the Southern District, C. F. W. C, 
was held Thursday, September 12, in On- 
tario, at the Casa Blanca Hotel. Plans were 
made for the Convention to be held in that 
city, November 13 to IS, on invitation of the 
Current Events Club of Ontario. 

The enthusiasm and splendid spirit shown 
by the officers and chairmen are proof that 
the women of the District are ready for the 
year's work, and to them there is but one 
object in club affairs, and that is to help win 
the war. 

War Service will be the keynote of the 
Convention, which will begin at 1:30 o'clock, 
Wednesday afternoon, November 13, and 
continue till 1:00 o'clock Friday afternoon, 
November IS. 

Child Welfare, Social and Industrial Con- 
ditions, and other subjects directly pertain- 
ing to war work will be discussed by the 
best authorities the State offers. It is hoped 
to make the Convention more of a confer- 
ence than ever betore. 

Surely every club in the District will see 
the need of sending its full quota of dele- 
gates in order that they may not only be- 
come familiar with the conditions and 
needs but return to homes with renewed 
enthusiasm, 

Mrs. J. A. Kimberly of Redlands, who has 
been a pioneer in Home Economics, is the 
new chairman of that department. 

Meeting with the Executive Board were 
members of the Hostess Club. Following 
the well served luncheon by Manager Kat- 
tenbick of the hotel, a lively discussion on 
the new conditions under which women live 
and work today, was enjoyed. 

Mrs. C. R. Stebbens of Riverside gave a 
splendid talk on the great work of the 
Young Woman's Christian Association in 
this world crisis. 



The first Board meeting of the year of 
the San Bernardino County Federation of 
Women's Clubs was held in the Woman's 
Clubhouse, at San Bernardino, on Septem- 
ber 17, when fourteen members were pres- 
ent. Mrs. Florence Dodson Schoneman, the 
president, called the meeting to order. Some 
time was spent in planning the coming year's 
work, after which attention was devoted to 
the regular fall convention, which will be 
held at Fontana on October ISth. The 
ladies of Fontana will serve lunch at a nom- 
inal price, and owing to the shortage of 
sugar, it was decided at the board meeting 
that the attending ladies would each take 
her own portion of sugar. Mrs. Schoneman 
especially urges that there be a large attend- 
ance on this occasion. The session will be- 
gin at ten o'clock on the third Tuesday in 
October. 



Owing to the isolated location of the little 
town of Needles it has been impossible for 
a representative of its hustling club to be in 
attendance at many of the meetings of the 



OCTOBER, 1918 



31 



County Federation, but now that the new- 
president. Mrs. Mathie, wife of the train- 
master of the Santa Fe. has taken up her 
residence in San Bernardino, the county unit 
will be favored with regular attendance from 
that section. 



L. A. DISTRICT NEWS 
Mrs. H. S. Duffield, Chairman, Glcndale, Cal. 
Although a sojourner at her Hermosa 
Beach home, at which place she entertained 
the entire District Board on one occasion, 
Mrs. Mattison B. Jones. District President, 
has been far from idle during the summer 
months. Monthly executive sessions have 
been held throughout the vacation period at 
the Service Office, 618 Chamber of Com- 
merce Bldg., Los .\ngeles, with the result 
that the organization is primed for the in- 
evitably busy months ahead of it. Conserv- 
ation of time and energies is the watchword. 
To this end. it was decided on motion at 
the last board meeting, September 12th, that 
future board meetings should follow the 
monthly conferences on the fourth Thurs- 
days of the month, the ruling to take effect 
October 24th, thus giving one day a month 
to these important sessions instead of two. 
It was further agreed on motion that chair- 
men of departments and standing commit- 
tees shall make a written report to the 
recording secretary at least two days prior 
to the regular Executive Board meetings. 
The Recording Secretary shall, in turn, pre- 
pare from these a composite report to be 
read by her at the monthly meetings. It is 



believed that this measure will tend to speed 
up the work of the board very materially. 

A noteworthy accomplishment to be 
placed to the credit of the District Federa- 
tion was effected when Mrs. Charles M. 
Kite. District Chairman of Natural Scenery 
and Parks, sought out the proper authorities 
and induced them to change the hour of 
closing from eight p. m. to nine p. m., new 
time, when it was noted that the ushering in 
of the new Daylight Saving Law was inad- 
vertantly depriving many of the enjoyment 
of Griffith Park during the most enchanting 
hour of the whole day — the twili,ght hour. 

The incident cited serves to illustrate the 
aims and purposes of the Federation, which 
is pledged to promote the best interests of 
the community as well as to mutual helpful- 
ness, and a general participation in the 
world's work. 



The Tuesday Afternoon Club of Glendale 
has placed emphasis upon its avowed war 
work program for the coming year by giving 
recently what is believed to be one of the 
most successful Red Cross beneht entertain- 
ments ever sponsored by a woman's organ- 
ization. When all returns are in it is probaple 
that the net sum realized will be between 
seven and eight hundred dollars. The affair 
took the form of a Community Harvest Fes- 
tival, one feature of which was a beautiful 
spectacular pageant, depicting in song and 
dance the sowing, growing and harvesting 
of the grains. The formal opening of the 
club will take place October 8th. 




It is economy to buy the "better-made" BRADFORD bread. Better 
because of the modem equipment and latest methods used. 



32 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



ORIENTAL RUGS 

Rug-weaving is one of the oldest of the 
arts. The Armenians, Syrians, Persians, 
Egyptians and Hindus lead among those 
who weave the wonderful designs from silk, 
wool, and cotton that give to the world the 
Oriental rugs that are so highly prized and 
admired by the Occident. 

With characteristic duplicity the Germans 
have established factories and machinery in 
Turkey and Egypt and make "hand-woven 
Oriental rugs" by the thousands and sell- 
ing them as the genuine article. In America 
we have also factories that make imitation 
Orientals, but the rugs of American make 
are never sold as genuine. It takes a con- 
noiseur to tell the spurious from the real, 
and many people have been taken in by 
agents selling factory made rugs for hand 
woven. It is estimated among rug men that, 
because of the war, there will be no more 
Orientals obtainable from the far East for 
at least five years to come. 

While we in America have never tried to 
make rugs by hand, as the Orientals do, it 
was left to Americans to establish plants 
capable of cleaning these fine fabrics. Even 
the Armenians and Syrians admit that the 
methods employed by American cleaners 
are the best in the world. Some of the 
Oriental fakirs will try to inveigle the un- 
suspecting into the belief that only an orien- 
tal can clean these fabrics, uttering prayers 



and incantations while they are cleaning a 
rug. 

The American Dj'e Works have been lead- 
ers in Los Angeles for over thirty years in 
all kinds of cleaning from garments to hats, 
and have during the past few years estab- 
lished a most modern plant for the cleaning 
and repairing of all rugs, especially Orien- 



^^^ 



-^11 




■■■■ / 



tals, with methods that cannot injure the 
most fragile fabrics. 

Tliej^ are an.xious to meet the owners of 
fine Orientals and to explain their methods 
of cleaning, saying a trial order will con- 
vince the most skeptical. 



STENOGRAPHERS -TYPEWRITERS 

HELP WIN THE WAR 



You are urged, as a patriotic duty, to enter the Government service 

in Washington, D. C, for important war work as stenographers and type- 
writers. 

Women, especially, may thus aid in the nation's great effort. Men 
also are needed. 

Those who have not the required training are encouraged to undergo 
instruction at once. 

Tests are given in 550 cities every Tuesday. 

The Government maintains a list of available rooms in private houses 
in Washington and is erecting residence halls to accommodate thousands. 

Full information and application blanks may be obtained from the 
Secretary of the Local Board of Civil Service Examiners at the post office 
or customhouse in any important city. 

JOHN A. McILHENNY, 
President, U. S. Civil Service Commission, 
Washington, D. C, 



OCTOBER. 1918 



33 



(Continued from Page 13) 
We have no complaint to make of this 
distribution of the funds. It embodies the 
principle that we ourselves emphasized, 
namely, that the lowest-paid teachers need 
help the most. But we do say that it is a 
disgrace to a city of the tirst class, a city 
that boasts that it has the finest schools in 
the United States that it should now offer 
the spectacle to the country that it pays its 
tramp labor better than its common school 
teachers. Los Angeles is now the only 
large cit}- that we know of that has taken 
no notice in its salarj' schedule of the 
changed conditions under which we live. 

Did we give a false impression when we 
bought so freely of Liberty Bonds? We 
did it with the savings of other years, and 
with vacations freely sacrificed, and with 
the wardrobes we did not buy. We have 
made our clothes and cleaned our own 
shoes. What shall w-e do when the next 
demand comes? We are ready to respond 
to our last dollar, but first there must be 
the dollar. 



IN MEMORIAM 

(From "The Light Beyond," by Maurice 
Maeterlinck.) 
Those who die for their country should 
not be numbered with the dead. We must 
call them by some other name. They have 
nothing in common with those who end in 
their beds a life that is worn out, a life al- 
most always too long and often useless. 
Death, which everywhere else is but the ob- 
ject of fear and horror, bringing naught but 
nothingness and despair, this death, on the 
field of battle, in the clash of glory, becomes 
more beautiful than birth and exhales a 
grace greater than that of love. No life will 



ever give what their life is offering us, that 
youth which gives in one moment the days 
and the years that lay before it. There is no 
sacrifice to be compared with that which 
they have made; for which reason there is 
no glory that can soar so high as theirs, no 
gratitude that can surpass the gratitude 
which we owe them. They have not only a 
right to the foremost place in our memories; 
they have a right to all our memories and 
to everything that we are, since we exist 
only through them. 

And now it is in us that their life, so sud- 
denly cut short, must resume its course. 
Whatever the God whom it adores, one 
thing is almost certain and. in spite of all 
appearances, is dailj- becoming more cer- 
tain: it is that death and life are com- 
mingled; the dead and the living alike are 
but moments, hardly dissimilar, of a single 
and infinite existence and members of the 
one immortal family. They are not beneath 
the earth, in the depths of their tombs; they 
lie deep in our hearts, where all that they 
once were will continue to live and to act; 
and the3' live in us even as we die in them. 
They see us; they understand us more nearly 
than when they were in our arms; let us 
then keep a watch upon ourselves, so that 
they witness no actions and hear no words 
but words and actions that shall be worthy 
of them. 



The Texas Federation of Women's Clubs 
is raising a war fund of fifty thousand dol- 
lars. Half of that amount will be used for 
a Texas house in France for the vise of 
Texas boys in the war service. The Fed- 
eration is also maintaining recreation can- 
teens in every cantonment town and avia- 
tion field in the state. 



"STOP THE LEAKS 



and 

SAVE THE DROPS" 

is the request of the 
Fuel Administration 

OUR Country is facing a shortage of oil and gasoline so vital to our 
success in winning the ■war. 

THE demand of the war industries, Navy and Emergency Fleet Cor- 
poration is exceeding the supply. 

USE your automobile less and the BIG RED CARS more. 
Frequent, Convenient Service 

PACIFIC ELECTRIC RAILWAY 

O. A. SMITH. Gen. Pass. Agent 
Los Angeles 



34 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



ALIEN ENEMIES 
By Theodosia Garrison 

Of The Vigilantes 
There be alien enemies 
Sheltered 'neath our own roof-trees, — 
Indolence and Apathy 
And Extravagance, these three 
Whom we entertain at ease. 

Indolence that bids us shirk 
Honest share of loyal work; 
Apathy that bids us lie 
While the red flames scorch the sky, 
And Extravagance whose firth 
Sends black famine upon earth. 

Citizens, shall these endure? 
These, the traitors in our door, — 
These, the sellers of our sword, — 
These, betrayers of our word 
In the loyal oath we swore? 

Men die for us over-seas 
Shall we aid their enemies? 



THE DOOM OF ALCOHOL 

The long-threatened day of doom for King 
Alcohol is now fixed. By the recent action 
of the United States senate, that once potent 
monarch is definitely sentenced to lose his 
head on July 1, 1919. A congressional or 
presidential reprieve seems unlikely. 

The doom was certain anyhow. It would 
not have taken more than a year or two to 
secure the ratification of the federal prohibi- 
tion amendment by the requisite number of 
states. Action by congress merely hastens 
the matter a little. 

Themeasure approved by the senate does 
not provide for unqualified prohibtion. It 
merely bans the liquor traffic until the de- 
mobilization of our army after the war. That 
process, at best, will probably not be com- 
pleted until a couple of years hence, and in 
the meantime the federal amendment will 
doubtless become effective. 



"A CLEARING HOUSE OF 

THOUGHT AND LEADERSHIP" 

I have urged and Congress has now 
granted the necessary authority to estab- 
lish a woman's division in the Department 
of Labor. Its immediate task will be to de- 
velop in the industries of the country poli- 



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cies and methods which will result in the 
most effective use of women's services in 
production for the war, while at the same 
time preventing their employment under in- 
jurious conditions. Its large and very neces- 
sary aim will be to focus attention on the 
national importance of the conditions of 
women's work as influencing national stand- 
ards and as affecting the welfare of the en- 
tire nation. 

The problems of women in industry are 
so manifold and complex that a clearing 
house of thought and leadership is needed 
by the National Government. The women's 
division has been established to give lead- 
ership. To make this leadership effective, 
however. I confidently appeal to all for co- 
operation with Miss Van Kleck and Miss 
Anderson — to women, individually and 
through their organizations, to national and 
state administrations and to industry gen- 
erally. 

WILLIAM BAUCHOP WILSON, 

Secretary of Labor. 



The socilitation for the Furlough Home 
fund has met with a very generous response 
from Iowa club women. Over two hundred 
clubs have responded and over seven thou- 
sand dollars have been paid in. They hope 
to raise twenty-five thousand dollars and 
that amount will allow them to have the 
name "Iowa Furlough Home" upon one of 
the houses. 



The clubs of Wyoming are pledged to 
work strenuously for Prohibition and we 
hope to gain a good vote when the question 
comes to an issue. In fact we feel that 
Wyoming must be dry — and we will not 
have it any other way! 



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— "Santa Claus/' says Uncle Sam, '*you are a fine old fellow, be- 
loved by all the children, and we want the children to have the 
toys this year, and we want the Christmas spirit to remain, but 
we must spread the Christmas shopping over a longer period.'* 
— "You're right," says Santa Claus, "whatever Uncle Sam wants 
he can have." 

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their Christmas shopping extend over a long period, beginning right 
now. Urge them to give useful things, except, of course, the toys 
and gifts to children. 

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Official Orjan of the 

California Kderation oj 

Women's Clubs 

Composed of over 40000 Members 




rs- J. L. Giiiis, 
State Litrary , 

Sacrairento, Cal. 




?~\ r\ 



November^ 1918 
Vol. XJ No. ^ 2_ 



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'III'," 



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The Clubwoman 



Official Organ of the California Federation of Women's Clubs 

Composed of Over 40,000 Members 

PUBLISHED MONTHLY 





OFFICES 




Hyde Park, Cal. 


Los Angeles, Cal. 


San Francisco, Cal 


Box 3 


Brack Shops 


1942A Hyde St. 



Telephone 79638 Connecting All Departments 

DR. LOUISE HARVEY CLARKE, State Chairman and Southern Federation Editor. 1046 Orange St., Riverside 
MISS JESSICA LEE BRIGGS, State Chairman and Northern Federation Editor, 1942A Hyde St., San Francisco 
MRS. J. A. MATTHEWS, Club Representative, Brack Shops, Los Angeles 

Copy from the Clubs Must be Sent to the District Press Chairmen 

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Editorial Notes 6 

State President's Letter 7 

General Federation 9 

Council of Defense 10 

A \'isit to the Hoopa Valley Indian Woman's Club 12 

Retirement for U. S. Civil Service Employees 13 

Reconstruction Problems 14 

Southern California ^^'omen's Press Club 16 

The United Idea 17 

SicGallinaEst 17 

The :\Ielting Pot 18 

No Let-up on Food Conservation 19 

Tuberculosis Problem Facing: California 20 

A Spiritual Difference 20 

Hold Your Liberty Bonds 20 

Belgians Still Need Help 21 

^^"hat One Club Did in Emergency Service 21 

America May Profit by Allies' Experience 22 

Women's Clubs to Help U. S. School Garden Army 23 

Ouentin Roosevelt's Grave 24 

A German-American Point of View 25 

The Patriotic Duty of Being Educated 25 

Pioneer Division ...-. 26 

District News — 

San Francisco 27 

Southern 27 

Los Angeles 28 

The L'se of Folk Dancing as Recreation in a Health Program 32 

Home Department 34 




THE CLUBWOMAN 



EDITORIAL NOTES 



LITANY OF THANKFULNESS 



For days of health, 
For nights of quiet sleep, 
For seasons of bounty and of beauty, 
For all earth's contributions to our need. 
Good Lord, we thank Thee. 

For our country's shelter, 
For our homes, 

For the joy of faces, and the joy of hearts 
that love. 
Good Lord, we thank Thee. 

For the power of great examples. 
For holy ones who lead us in the ways of 
life and love. 
Good Lord, we thank Thee. 

For our powers of growth. 

For longings to be better and do more. 

For ideals that ever rise above our zeal. 

Good Lord, we thank Thee. 
For opportunities well used. 

Good Lord, we thank Thee. 

For opportunities unused and even those 

misused. 
For our temptations and for any victory 

over sins that close beset us. 
For the gladness that abides with loyalty 

and the peace of the return, 
Good Lord, we humbly thank Thee. 

For the blessedness of service, 
For the power to fit ourselves to other's 
needs, 
Good Lord, we thank Thee. 

For our necessities of work, 

For burdens, pains and disappointments, 

means of growth, 
For sorrow. 
For death. 

Father, we thank Thee. 

For all that brings us nearer to each other, 
nearer to ourselves, nearer to Thee, 

For life. 
We thank Thee, O our Father. 

— The Association Monthly. 



MOTHER'S MESSAGE TO HER SON'S 
COMMANDER 



Her son was a member of the 104th in- 
fantry, one of the first National Guard regi- 
ments to reach France and shed its blood 
there. This woman wrote the Colonel what 
was in her heart, and he published it in 
General Orders for all his 3000 boys to read. 
Here is the letter: 

"Please accept the best wishes of the moth- 
ers of the men in your regiment for com- 



plete success. We think of the 104th in its 
time of service without any thought of self 
or of the things which may happen to our 
boys to mar them or to destroy them. We 
think only of the more than honor which 
has come to us to be the mothers of such 
men. We are asking ourselves — "Are we 
worthy of the honor their work has already 
brought to us?" — "How can we become 
more worthy mothers of such good sons?" 

When my son left this home he took a 
great big patch of each day's sunshine with 
him. He has been the tenderest son of an 
invalid mother. We have been chums for 
25 years — reading, studying, thinking, and 
loving together. I never shed a tear over 
his being away. I know his great heart 
could not stand to see love, home, and wom- 
an outraged and destroyed. I know he is 
only a type of every man in your command, 
and if he dies it is as one of an army of 
noblemen. 

Because you are his war chief and all we 
could be to him, I wanted to speak to you. 
Daily reports of the 104th infantry at the 
front show us how splendid you are and 
how faithfully you have worked to be ready 
to do the work you are doing today. We 
send you our most reverent, affectionate 
greeting." 

And the colonel added this comment in 
General Orders, speaking for himself and 
for his regiment: 

"The foregoing letter was written in 
Massachusetts on April 13. Even as it was 
written this regiment was meeting in Brule 
Wood the severest test to which it has yet 
been put. With such faith, such love, such 
sacrifices behind us, can any of us doubt 
that the regiment will meet hereafter what- 
ever tests may be imposed? Or can any 
of us hesitate individually over any sacrifices 
that meeting these tests may demand?" 



TWO FAMOUS TOASTS 



At this time Lafayette's two "toasts" that 
dipped into the future and are alive in the 
present, are of special interest to us. At the 
laying of the cornerstone of Bunker Hill 
monument, responding to the eulogy of 
Webster, Lafayette gave the toast: "Bunker 
Hill, and the holy resistance to oppression, 
which has already enfranchised the Amer- 
ican hemisphere — ^the next toast shall be, 
To enfranchised Europe!" Before returning 
to France on the new frigate Brandywine, 
at a dinner given in his honor by members 
of both houses of Congress, 'Lafayette, 
"L'homme des deux mondes" — more today 
than ever before, "the man of two worlds" — - 
gave this prophetic toast: "Perpetual union 
among the United States — it has saved us 
in our time of danger — it will save the 
world!" 



NOVEMBER, 1918 



STATE PRESIDENT'S LETTER 



Dear Club Members: — 

The following letters will give you the 
latest information on The War Victory- 
Commission of the General Federation of 
Women's Clubs. Please see that this infor- 
mation reaches your members and in every 
way encourage and stimulate interest in this 
Fund, which will enable the Federation to 
respond to this need of the National Gov- 
ernment and to furnish to our boys, far 
away from home and loved ones, a little of 
that care and comfort which they long for 
and which we so loner to give them. 

This fund for this purpose of Furlough 
Homes is the definite service the Club 
women of America can render and our dol- 
lars the contribution we may make to the 
cause to which our boys have dedicated 
their lives. 

California Club Women must make their 
appropriation worthy of our splendid Cali- 
fornia boys. 

"A recent ruling by General Pershing calls 
for the co-ordination of all social activities, 
relating to our soldiers, under one directive 
agency, the Y. M. C. A., which will elim- 
inate the possibility of duplication of work. 

The War Victory Commission, G. F. W. 
C, under this new ruling, is asked to send 
to France a unit of one hundred workers 



for furlough homes as quickly as it can be 
assembled. A rough estimate of the cost 
of financing the unit is $200,000. This sum 
of money must be in our hands before the 
unit can be sent; its further maintenance 
will be considered later. 

Will you each place the question of funds 
from your state before the fall convention, 
or present it in such other way as is possi- 
ble? Follow the plans outlined, namely, a 
gift of at least one dollar from each club 
woman. States not having made full con- 
tributions are asked to respond to this 
request at the earliest possible moment. 

This work lies so close to our hearts 
that we are rejoicing at its approaching 
successful termination. 

The Board of Directors, G. F. W. C, asks 
each state to furnish the names of appli- 
cants, who must be endorsed by their 
State Executive Board. Mark applications, 
first choice, second choice, etc. It is hoped 
to send two from each state, but to make 
this possible applications must reach me 
very soon; otherwise we must fill our quota 
from applications on file. All government 
requirements must be met. Application 
forms will go to each state president. 

Yours most sincerely, 
(Mrs.) DELPHINE DODGE ASHBAUGH 
Chairman War Victory Commission." 



EXTRACTS FROM LETTER 

From Raymond B. Fosdick, Chairman War Dept. Com. on Training Camp Activities, to 
Hon. Newton D. Baker, Secretary of War 

The war has developed tlie necessity of 



furnishing every soldier periodically with 
change and rest, if he is to be kept in the 
best possible condition for his work. This 
is a point which is conceded by the armies 
of Europe on both sides. For the A. E. F. 
this problem presents grave difficulties, in- 
asmuch as our troops are operating three 
thousand miles from home. The French 
soldiers take their regular leave with their 
families. The British soldiers are trans- 
ported across the channel when their time 
for vacation arrives. The British Overseas 
forces from Canada, Australia and New- 
Zealand, while in a similar position to the 
American soldiers, are nevertheless provided 
w-ith vacation billets in England under con- 
ditions similar to those prevailing in their 
own homes. None of these possibilities is 
available for the American soldier. He can- 



not be sent back to his home because of 
difficulties of time and transportation. There 
is no country close at hand under the au- 
thority of the American government where 
he can be billeted. Under these circum- 
stances, if the necessity for vacations be ad- 
mitted, there are three possible plans which 
can be tried." 

The third plan, which was the one 
adopted, follows: "To establish a leave area 
in a community which has abundant hotel 
and recreational facilities, where the men 
can be properly entertained and where 
something of the conditions of American life 
can be secured, and to require that all 
leaves be taken in this area. This plan has 
the advantage of a thorough change in con- 
ditions of living, in that the men would stop 
in hotels, living there as guests under the 
most complete freedom that army regula- 
tions permit. 



8 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



The leave district is in the French Alps 
with the advantages of mountain scenery, 
and provisions for bathing and water sports 
in lakes in the vicinity. Moreover, there are 
elaborate casinos at these places which have 
been leased by the Y. M. C. A. and con- 
verted into American Army Leave Clubs, 
thus providing for American entertainment 
and recreation. The Y. M. C. A. has sent 
overseas a large number of women work- 
ers, and many of them have been assigned 
to the leave area district, thus providing 
the soldiers with the same social life and 
diversions which they would have if they 
were taking their vacations at home. 

In connection with the development of 
further leave areas. General Pershing ex- 
pressed the wish that the recreation end of 
the work be handled by the organizations 
that are now recognized for service over- 
seas. This wish, which he expressed in most 
emphatic terms, has the support of every 
army official with whom I talked, and I be- 
lieve it to be of the greatest importance 
that no other organizations than those now 
recognized be allowed to establish contact 



with the American Expeditionary Forces. 
I am confident that these organizations can 
between themselves provide adequately for 
all the facilities that are needed in connec- 
tion with this end of the work, and nothing 
but confusion would result from the recog- 
nition of other organizations for special 
lines of activity. 

I am confident that General Pershing's 
plan for the development of further leave 
areas is comprehensive and that his desire 
to place the amusement and recreational 
features in the hands of the organizations 
now engaged in similar activity overseas is 
in accord with the necessities of the mo- 
ment." 

Respectfully submitted. 

(Signed) RAYMOND B. FOSDICK, 

Chairman. 



Which of the six districts in the California 
Federation of Women's Clubs will go "over 
the top" first and hoiv many clubs report 100 
per cent for the War Victory Fund? 

S iiic o'clv 
(Mrs. Herbert A.) BERTHA L. CABLE, 

President. 



PEACE PROCLAMATION 

The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me; to preach good tidings 
unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the broken-hearted, to pro- 
claim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them 
that are bound. And they shall build the wastes, they shall raise up 
the former desolations, and they shall repair the waste cities, the 
desolations of many generations. 

For as the earth bringeth forth her bud, and as the garden causeth 
the things sown in it to spring forth; so the Lord God shall cause 
righteousness and praise to spring forth before all the nations. — From 
the 61st chapter of Isaiah. 

And they shall beat their swords into plozvsharcs, and their spears into 
pruning hooks: 

Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn 
war any more. — Isaiah 2 ;3. 



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NOVEMBER, 1918 



GENERAL FEDERATION OF WOMEN'S CLUBS 



The following letters received from the 
General Federation this month, are of par- 
ticular interest: 



General Federation of Women's Clubs Con- 
servation Department 1918-20. 
Mrs. John D. Sherman. Chairman, 410 S. 
Michigan avenue, Chicago, 111. 

Sept. n, 1918, 
My Dear State President: 

The Board of Directors of the General 
Federation of Women's Clubs at its last 
meeting in Chicago adopted a resolution 
presented by the Conservation Department 
as follows: 

Whereas, The Honorable Franklin K. 
Lane, Secretary of the Department of the 
Interior, requested the Governor of each 
state to give information as to the possibili- 
ties of his state co-operating with the Fed- 
eral Government in a plan to offer to each 
qualified returning soldier, an opportunity 
to settle on land within the state of his birth 
or former residence, and further asking each 
Governor to meet Secretary Lane for a con- 
ference on this subject at a time and place 
to be shortly arranged; 

Therefore be it Resolved, That each State 
Federation President communicate with the 
Governor of her state and urge upon him 
the importance of attending said Conference 
and of giving all possible support to the 
project as presented by Secretary Lane. 

The Chairman of the eleven departments 
of work of the Federation have decided to 
concentrate on one special line of work and 
have chosen Americanization. This work to 
be carried on bj' the Departments in addition 
to the regular activities. 

The following resolution was presented 
by the Department Chairmen to the Board 
of Directors at its recent meeting and unan- 
imously adopted: 

Whereas. The greatest need in America 
today is the conservation, development and 
absorption of American ideals of National, 
Civic and Social Life, particularly among 
the foreign born, with the end in view of 
securing a United America, and 

Whereas. Certain departments of the Gen- 
eral Federation of Women's Clubs have in- 
cluded the subject of Americanization in 
their program of work, and 

Whereas, It is the desire of the eleven de- 
partment chairmen to combine one special 
line of work for which the need has been 
emphasized by the war. 

Therefore be it Resolved, That the Chair- 
men of the Eleven Departments of work of 
the General Federation of Women's Clubs 
co-ordinate and unify their work for Amer- 
icanization during this Biennial period and 



urge their state Chairmen to carry on their 
work in the various states according to the 
needs of each local community. 
Very sincerely yours, 

MARY K. SHERMAN, 
Department Chairman. 



Bureau of Information 
Mrs. Mary I. Wood, Manager. 
Portsmouth, N. H„ Oct, I, 1918, 
My dear Madam President: 

A great step forward has been taken in 
the life of the General Federation of Wom- 
en's Clubs, National headquarters have 
been established in Washington, the result 
of the consolidation of the Bureau of In- 
formation and the Service Office, After No- 
vember first, the service which for fourteen 
years has been under my direction will be 
placed in better hands and I am confident 
that the new location will also be highly 
advantageous. 

This means that all applications for club 
assistance and information should be hence- 
forth directed to the Headquarters where 
the service formerly rendered by the Bureau 
of Information will be given careful atten- 
tion by the newly appointed Director, This 
service of the Bureau has been: — 

Help in arranging club programs; 

Loan of material (books, magazine arti- 
cles, and other printed matter) to assist in 
the preparation of addresses, club papers, 
etc; 

Plans for such civic and social service ac- 
tivities of clubs as are not directly in the 
province of any of the. regular standing 
departments; 

General information on ■ federation and 
club affairs. 

In addition to these and other services 
previously attempted by the Bureau, there 
will be many additional services rendered 
by our National Headquarters which will be 
of inestimable value in this time of the 
world's crisis, in that there will be furnished 
to the clubwomen an easy and reliable ave- 
nue by which they may obtain advice and 
assistance in all of the many problems 
which the war has brought upon us. 

This work of acting as a clearing house, 
for the benefit of cluliwomen, of the many 
Government Departments at Washington 
has been ably handled during the past year 
by the Service Office with which the Bureau 
now becomes consolidated in the formation 
of the General Federation of Women's Clubs 
Headquarters, 

In closin.g what has been to me a long 
term of joyful service as Manager of the 
Bureau of Information of the General Fed- 
eration. I wish to thank you and your club 
membership for any confidence which you 
have reposed in me, and to express the hope 
that you may turn eagerly to our Headquar- 
ters for guidance and assistance. 



10 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



It is truly a great thing for us all to have 
National Headquarters for the General Fed- 
eration, and we can best prove this by giv- 
ing to it our loyal moral support, and by 
turning to it for help and inspiration at all 
times. 

As Corresponding Secretary of the Gen- 
eral Federation I shall still hope to be of 
service to the organization, but may I ask 
you to convey to your membership at your 
next meeting, and in every possible way, the 
good news of the Headquarters at Washing- 



ton and the increased facilities for service 
which are thus ofifered. The address is: 
General Federation of Women's Clubs 
Headquarters, 
415-416 Maryland Bldg., 
Washington, D. C. 
The measure of your appreciation of this 
step will be the degree in which you make 
use of it. 

Most cordially yours, 

MARY I. WOOD, 

Manager. 



STATE OF CALIFORNIA, 
Governor's Office 



Sacramento, June 7, 1918. 
To the Mothers of California. 

One-third of our population is made up of children. In our efforts to do everything pos- 
sible for our men at the front, zve must not forget to take care of the rising generation at 
home. Our Allies are making unusual efforts to protect their children as a necessary it'ar meas- 
ure and have materially improved health conditions. 

The California Women's Committee of the Councils of National and State Defense has 
made, through the Children's Year Committee, plans for raising the physical standard of. chil- 
dren of California. 

I am glad to know that such work is going on and I heartily endorse the movement to 
make this year the children's year. I hope the loyal zvomen of California who are engaged 
in child welfare work will be completely successful. 

(Signed) WM. D. STEPHENS. 

Governor. 



CALIFORNIA WOMEN'S COMMITTEE OF THE 
COUNCILS OF NATIONAL AND STATE DEFENSE 



'CHILDREN'S YEAR PROGRAM" 



From the experience of the warring coun- 
tries, there is no more vital problem than the 
protection of our children from the false cry 
of — "Child Labor — A War Need." England, 
France, Italy and other European countries 
learned, after two years of war and the use 
of children in unusual industries and activi- 
ties, that it was the most wasteful expendi- 
ture possible. They have now awakened to 
this danger. In the United States we must 
not allow the burden of the war to fall on 
the childhood of the country. 

Part of "The Children's Year Program" is 
to point out the danger of Child Labor; to 
maintain the compulsory School Laws and 
to achieve, if possible, higher standards in 
war times than those of peace. 

The following is the first Bulletin on 
"Child Labor and Education," issued by 
"The Children's Year" Committee for Cali- 
fornia in co-operation with the Juvenile Pro- 
tective Association of San Francisco: 
"Child Labor in California 

"Children under the age of 16, who work 
a given number of hours daily at a wage, 
and often in competition with adults, are 
child laborers. 

"Child Labor locally falls into these three 
divisions: (1) Street trades; (2) Working 
permits; (3) Following the fruit. 



"1. Street Trades 

"Section 16 of the California Child Labor 
Law provides that: — 

"Boys under 10 years and girls under 18 
years shall not be permitted at anj- time to 
sell anything in streets or public places in 
cities over 23,000 population. 

"The Reason: The dangers that are in- 
herent in street trading. Mothers and fath- 
ers should know the mental, moral and phys- 
ical deterioration that studies of street-trad- 
ing children have shown. 

The Remedy: Public opinion must de- 
mand the rigid enforcement of this law 
through the enforcing power — the Bureau of 
Labor Statistics. Each of you can do your 
share by remembering this: "Children sell- 
ing in the streets need your PROTECTION 
—NOT your PATRONAGE." 

"2. Working Permits 

"The Law: No child under the age of IS 
shall be employed in any manufacturing, 
mercantile or mechanical establishment or 
any other place of labor at any time. 

"This law enforced, would sufficiently 
protect the childhood of this state were it 
not for the working permits issued under 
its exemption clauses. 

"Exemptions: 

"Vacation Permits: Sec. 1. (a) Chil- 
dren 12 to 15 years, weekly school holidays. 



NOVEMBER, 1918 



11 



(b) Children 12 to 15 years, school vaca- 
tions. Work Permits: Sec. 2. (c) Chil- 
dren 14 years, outside of school hours, ((d) 
Children 14 years, on completion of gram- 
mar grades may work during school hours. 

(e) Children 14 years, on parents' sworn 
statement of economic need may work dur- 
ing school hours. 

"Age and Schooling Certificates: Sec. 10. 

(f) Children 15 years, completion 7th grade, 
attending evening school, may work dur- 
ing school hours. 

"Working permits are the loopholes in 
the law by means of which many are en- 
abled to evade the law. The following re- 
quirements for the issuance of these permits 
should be carefull3- studied and enforced by 
every community: 

"Work Permits: Minors of 14 years. 1. 
Completion of grammar school course and 
physical fitness for labor contemplated. 2. 
Sworn statement of parent or guardian fam- 
ily in need of earnings. 3. Investigation of 
need. 4. Written evidence of employment 
waiting. 5. Kind of labor specified. 

"Age and Schooling Certificates: Minors 
15 j-ears. 1. School record, age, grade, at- 
tendance, signed by teacher or principal. 2. 
Birth certificate, passport or certificate of 
baptism. 3. Written statement of nature 
of employment. 4. Physical fitness. 5. 
Completion of seventh grade, attendance of 
night school. 

"Ever}- permit should therefore mean a 
fully-investigated case. IS THIS TRUE 
IX YOUR COMMUNITY? 

"The Juvenile Protective Association in 
San Francisco maintains a Placement Bu- 
reau in the school superintendent's office. 



Its function is to reach all children apply- 
ing for permits. Its primary object is to 
keep children in school by advice, by part- 
time work or by scholarships. Where these 
fail and placement is deemed advisable, the 
bureau endeavors to bring the right work 
and the right worker together; to fit the 
child not only for, but into the work, for 
which he is best suited. 

Children of 14 years are of no economic 
value in the industrial world, skilled trades 
having no openings for even beginner ap- 
prentices under 16 years. It is a recognized 
fact that children of this age enter, for the 
most part, blind alley occupations which of- 
fer no training and a wage which, though 
it at first seems tempting, will never grow. 
These young workers inevitably become the 
'casual laborers' or enter into the ranks of 
the unemployed. Scholarship funds should 
be provided to enable needy children to re- 
main in school until they are better equipped 
to earn a living and to meet the demands 
of the labor market. 

"3. Following the Fruit 

"Children who follow the fruit are those 
who, with their families, migrate into the 
country every year during the fruit and veg- 
etable season to work, leaving school as 
early as February and returning as late as 
November. 

"Studies made in San Francisco show that 
most of these are children of immigrants; 
that they lose over half of the school term, 
and so are much retarded in school work. 

"The California compulsory school law 
requires parents to send children between 
the ages of 8 and 15 years to school during 
the time schools are in session. 




3f. KK. aaobinson Co. 

DRY GOODS 



Trefousse Gloves 
SEVENTH and 
GRAND AVE. 



Munsing Underweai 



GossarJ Corsets 
LOS ANGELES 
CALIFORNL\ 



12 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



"Suggested Plan: Since these same fam- 
ilies go year after year to the same com- 
munities to work, why could not employers 
of such labor and the state combine to 
provide special schools and special teachers 
for these children. One school could cover 
a great area with the automobile as the 
means of transportation. We invite sugges- 
tions and criticism of this plan. 

"Watchers in every community are now 
needed to help prevent the exploitation of 
children. We must — and we can — develop 
constructive patriotism. 

" 'The children of today are our citizens 
of tomorrow. Shall we take measures to 
see that their education is properly secured; 



or shall we allow them to grow up and take 
part in our government, half-fit and half- 
educated?' " 



A CORRECTION 



"Mistakes will happen in the best regu- 
lated families." They sometimes occur in 
The Clubwoman — the name of Mrs. Clark 
McEwen of Winchester was omitted from 
the Committee on Resolutions at Mills Col- 
lege Conference, Women's Committee Coun- 
cil of Defense. Mrs. McEwen was in at- 
tendance during the entire session and ren- 
dered valuable assistance. 



A VISIT TO THE HOOPA VALLEY INDIAN 
WOMAN'S CLUB 

By MRS. FRANK FREDERICKS, President of San Francisco District 



When an Indian Woman's Club was added 
to those of the San Francisco District, my 
interest and curiosity was aroused, and I 
determined, on my visit to the Northern 
Counties to visit that particular club, and 
make the acquaintance of my new members. 
No doubt your thoughts turn, as mine did, 
to the Indian women that I had met, the 
Piutes of Nevada — and I could not imagine 
them so progressive. In Eureka. I found 
Judge and Mrs. Geo. Murray enthusiastic 
advocates of the Indians and of the beau- 
ties of that region assigned to them. Al- 
though a long and hard trip w^as ahead of 
me, neither courage nor enthusiasm failed. 
Very early in the morning, the stage left 
Eureka for Areata, where a change was 
made to the one for Hoopa Valley. Two 
Indian women, a young man and myself 
were the passengers. The road runs through 
the milling town of Korbel — thence through 
redwood forests — an entrancing drive for a 
lover of trees and natural scenery. At Bare's, 
a resort on Redwood creek, with an up-to- 
date hotel — we had luncheon. I learned 
afterwards that it was but a short distance 
up this creek, that the grandfather of Mrs. 
Worthington, my hostess at Hoopa Valley, 
wife of the Brizzard Bros. — agent there — 
had been shot by the Indians in one of their 
raids. He was buried where he was found, 
with arrows in his back, and a monument 
now marks the spot. From Bare's we 
climbed one mountain range, then another, 
before we reached the entrance to the reser- 
vation. It would not do for a timid person 
to travel on these roads, as they are barely 
wide enough for an auto, often sloping, and 
full of chuck holes. The scenery is always 
superb. There is such a majesty, such gran- 
deur, such strength in the mountains, that I 
do not wander that the old Psalmist wrote, 
"I will lift up mine eyes to the hills, from 
whence cometh my help." 

Nestled deep in a canyon, about where the 



Klamath and the Trinity rivers meet, is a 
little valley, a mile wide by seven miles long, 
the home of the Hoopa Indians. The Reser- 
vation itself is twelve miles square, but only 
this narrow strip is productive, the rest is 
mountainous — and although picturesque and 
covered with redwoods, pine, oak and ma- 
drone, it is too far from the railroads or 
mills to be counted upon as available. 

In this valley was formerly Fort Gaston, 
which General Grant, for a time, command- 
ed. The house still stands, as also some of 
the old fort buildings. 

To Mrs. Worthington, past president of 
the Humboldt County Federation, belongs 
the credit of founding this Indian women's 
club — The Busy Bees. 

When the stage arrived, I was immediate- 
ly ushered into the Assembly Hall, where I 
found twenty-three of the club members 
awaiting me. On being introduced to each 
one, I shook hands, and slowly removing my 
veil and wraps, looked around. The presi- 
dent, Mrs. Masten, is a graduate of the 
Phoenix School, the secretary, Mrs. Beaver, 
and some others are from Carlyle and Has- 
kell. It would be easy to talk to them, but 
the problem was, to reach the older women, 
who sat there apparently emotionless — not a 
muscle of their faces moving. It was neces- 
sary to speak verj' slowly and distinctly, 
also to choose a subject which they would 
understand — for clubs, as we know them and 
the department work, would not appeal. 

On enquiring, I found that although the 
Indian is not liable to the Draft Law, sev- 
eral had volunteered and two were in 
France, — so I had my subject and started, 
watching two of the older women to see 
some expression on their faces — and when 
finally a swift lightning-like gleam came into 
their eyes, I felt I had gained ground. Later 
one of them laughed aloud and the day was 
won. Their work was wonderful. Last fall 
they held a bazaar to raise funds. Each one 
pays ten cents a month dues, but they 



NOVEMBER, 1918 



13 



needed more — so they embroidered, made 
baskets and sold the articles. The embroid- 
ery was beautifully done and would stand 
comparison with anyone's work. With the 
money raised they bought materials and 
made 28 woolen dresses for the old women. 
17 aprons, 9 woolen shirts, several layettes 
and dresses for little girls, besides furnish- 
ing cand}' and a toy for every Indian child 
on the reservation. They have given three 
dances for the Red Cross Fund and knitted 
articles. Would you not be proud to wel- 
come such earnest women into our ranks? 
I was, indeed. The little president, dainty 
in her pretty summer dress, said, "Oh, I am 
so an.xious to help our women." She is 
doing a splendid work, yet has her six chil- 
dren and a farm to look after. One of the 
Indian women spoke to Mrs. Hasten, while I 
was looking at the work, and said. "She has 
treated us like white women." "How," I 
wanted to know. Because I shook hands 
with them. To me that was pathetic. They 
were fully appreciative of the fact, that a 
white woman had taken such a long trip, 
not to see the other white women on the 
reservation, but just to see them. Most of 
them had walked four to six miles to attend 
that meeting. You will grant there was 
solid satisfaction in having made the trip. 
Their legends, their history, their fairy tales, 
are fascinating and worthy of recording. 
More than ever was I glad to know that the 
Federation had established an Indian Bu- 
reau. 

The Woman's .Auxiliary to No. 64, Na- 
tional Federation of Postal Employees, calls 
the attention of Club women to the follow- 
ing national legislation: 

A bill known as the McKellar-Keating 
measure is to be presented during the pres- 
ent session of Congress. This bill provides 
for the retirement of superannuated civil 
service employees. 

The retirement of superannuated civil 
service employees upon service annuities is 
now generally recognized as justifiable from 
both a humane and a business standpoint. 
The U. S. Government is one of the few in 
the world that makes no provision for the 
retirement of its aged civil service workers 
resulting in one or two conditions; men are 
heartlessly dismissed after years of faithful 
service, or they are retained upon the pay- 
roll when no longer able to render efficient 
service. 

The compensation of Government em- 
ployees is insufficient to permit of adequate 
savings for voluntary retirement in old age. 

All political parties in their platforms have 
pledged their support for the enactment of 
retirement legislation. 

The civil service employees have been 
striving for years to have some sort of re- 
tirement legislation passed. It is sincerely 
hoped that Congress will recognize the pres- 
ent unjust conditions and pass this much 
needed legislation not only in the interest 
of humanity but from an economic stand- 
point. 




The "Bullock 
Ideal 

To build a business 
that will never know 
completion but that will 
advance continually to 
meet advancing condi- 
tions — 

To develop stocks and ser- 
vice to a notable degree — 

To create a personality that 
■will be known for its strength 
and friendliness — 

To arrange and co-ordinate 
activities to the end of win- 
ning confidence by meriting 
it— 

To strive always to secure 
the satisfaction of every cus- 
tomer — 

This is the aim of Bullock's 
that is being impressed more 
and more indelibly as the 
days go by upon the char- 
acter of the business itself — 



14 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



RECONSTRUCTION PROBLEMS - 
REHABILITATION ACTS 

By JOHN S. CHAMBERS, State Controller 



TWO 



Congress has passed two important acts 
to provide for the re-education and place- 
ment of disabled men of the military and 
naval service. The laws are closely related, 
although one includes civilians and was un- 
der consideration before we entered the 
war. The first of these measures to be 
passed is known as the Smith-Hughes Act, 
and the second as the Smith-Sears Act. 

Smith-Hughes 

As far back as 1909, the theory underlying 
the Smith-Hughes law was approved, and a 
bill introduced in Congress. In 1913 legisla- 
tion was enacted as applied to agriculture. 
But it was not until February, 1917, that the 
present law became effective, and not until 
July of that year, after we had entered the 
war, that the Vocational Education Board, 
charged with the administration of the act, 
began operations. Originally intended to 
meet a disquieting situation in the nation, 
then at peace, it now fits in most encour- 
agingly in working out the problem of the 
re-education and placement of the men who 
have fought their country's battles. 

In brief, the Smith-Hughes Act provides a 
scheme of co-operation between the Federal 
Government and the States for the promo- 
tion of vocational education in fields of 
agriculture, trade, home economics and in- 
dustry — along lines of common, wage-earn- 
ing employment. 

The Federal Government does not under- 
take the organization and immediate direc- 
tion of vocational training in the States, 
but will closely supervise the work and 
from year to year make financial contribu- 
tions for its support, giving dollar for dollar 
as each State gives, within the limit of its 
own appropriation as fixed by law. 

The money set aside by Congress for this 
purpose is based on a graduated scale, the 
amount increasing year by year up to 1926, 
when the maximum will be reached. This 
maximum will then become the annual ap- 
propriation by the Federal Government 
■thereafter, to continue indefinitely. The total 
grant for the fiscal year of 1917-18 was 
$1,560,000, and for .1925-6 will be $7,367,000. 
The contribution by the States will double 
this amount, or a grand total of nearly $15,- 
000,000. 

The Smith-Sears Act 

The Smith-Sears act provides for the "vo- 
cational rehabilitation and return to civil 
employment of disabled persons discharged 
from the military or naval forces of the 
United States." This is applicable to any 
such person entitled, after discharge, to 
compensation under the act creating the 
Burea:u of War-Risk Insurance. Any such 
person is entitled, not only to free instruc- 
tion, but to "receive monthly compensation 



equal to the amount of his monthly pay for 
the last month of his active service," or 
equal to the compensation due him, "which- 
ever amount is the greater." The training 
is not compulsory. The soldier, sailor, ma- 
rine or aviator may "elect" to take it, or not, 
as he pleases. 

In the matter of occupational re-education, 
it cannot "be carried on in any hospital until 
the medical authorities certify that the con- 
dition of the patient is such as to justify 
such teaching." 

Among the duties of the Federal Board of 
Vocational Education — the body charged 
with the duty of putting this law into effect 
— is the studying of employment problems, 
and "to provide for the placement of re- 
habilitated persons in suitable or gainful 
occupations," to utilize the facilities of the 
Department of Labor and otherwise avail 
itself of all agencies that will assist to the 
end desired. 

The act carries an appropriation of $2,000,- 
000. Of this sum, $250,000 may be used for 
renting and remodeling buildings, repairing 
and equipping same; $545,000 for the prepa- 
ration and salaries of instructors, super- 
visors and other experts; $250,000 for the 
traveling expenses of disabled persons, sub- 
sistence and so on; $545,000 for tuition; 
$45,000 for placement and supervision after 
placement; $55,000 for studies, investiga- 
tions, reports, etc.; $110,000 for miscella- 
neous contingencies, special appliances, and 
so on; and $200,000 for administrative ex- 
penses, salaries, traveling, rent, equipment 
of offices, postage and so forth and so on. 




To the Miner 



di0 it 



To tlie Prod-ucei* 

clean if - distribute it 
equitably 

To the Railroads- 

Spee-d if 

To f-.A<> Consumer 

Save it 



NOVEMBER, 1918 



15 



The States Must Help 
While the main idea underlying the en- 
actment of the Smith-Sears act, as already 
pointed out, is that the Federal Government, 
as a matter of equity, shall provide and pay 
for the vocational education of the disabled 
men, it is clear that the appropriation of 
$2,000,000 will not furnish sufficient money 
for the purpose, and so it will have to be 
augmented from time to time by Congress, 
or else the States must assist. 

The forty-eight states are now co-operat- 
ing under the terms of the Smith-Hughes 
act. For the fiscal year of 1918-19, New 
York will receive the largest allotment, the 
amount being $226,343.14, while California 
will receive $58,021.64. The total of the 
Government's allotment is $2,307,460.44. 
Multiply this by two, and the grand total 
available will be obtained, on the dollar-for- 
dollar basis, or $4,614,920.88. 

In Massachusetts, the legislative body has 
passed, or will do so, a bill establishing a 
"Division of the Board of Education for the 
Training and Instruction of Disabled Sol- 
diers and Sailors and to Authorize the Fed- 
eral Government to use State Institutions 
and Resources." That organization may be 
eflfected, $10,000 will be made immediateb' 
effective, and the General Court is author- 
ized to set aside further money for this work 
as the needs arise. 

California to Date 

California is co-operating as far as prac- 
ticable, but inasmuch as the legislature of 
this State has not met since the spring of 
1917, nothing, of course, has been done along 
legislative lines. The State Board of Con- 
trol and the State Controller, who are in 
charge of the Emergency Fund, have met, 
as far as legal and practicable, the war re- 
quests of the Federal Government, as in the 
food control campaign, alien enemy work, 
and so forth and so on. But nothing mate- 
rial has been done looking to the re-educa- 
tion of soldiers and sailors and their place- 
ment when ready to enter civil life again. 

The problem calls for the most earnest 
consideration by the Governor and the leg- 
islature of 1919. California must stand 
ready, must be prepared, to do her part 
sanely and generously. Legislation provid- 
ing for the fullest co-operation with the 
Federal Government must be enacted, and 
also for placing the State Government in a 
position to go beyond this joint action in 
the care, education and placement of men 
disabled in the service of their country. 

Must Look Beyond 1919 

But this is by no means all. Inasmuch 
as the war may be over before the legisla- 
tive session of 1921. the legislature of 1919 
must give thought, and must act. looking 



forward to the time when the soldiers and 
sailors, not disabled, are discharged from the 
military and naval service of the nation, 
ready to return to civil life, together with 
hundreds of thousands of others who have 
been engaged in strictly war industries and 
«-hcse occupations, with the coming of 
peace, will be gone. These men must be 
taken back into the ordinary walks of life 
with as little disturbance of business and 
labor conditions as possible. Undoubtedly, 
the process of disarmament will be slow, 
and this delay will aid considerably in meet- 
ing the issue of reabsorption. But at best, 
the problem will prove a tremendous one. 

There will be two classes of people to 
reckon with after the war, declared Lloyd 
George, recently. The millions who faced 
death daily and those at home who were 
racked by anxiety, will have their vision 
broadened, will be wiser and better. But 
against them are the other millions who 
have endured all sorts of wretchedness, pain 
and terror, and "who have made up their 
minds to have a good time for the rest of 
their lives when the war is over." The 
issue is not a local one, although each State 
of the Union can and must aid, nor is it 
wholly national; it is international. The 
entire civilized world is involved. Not only 
must the world be made safe for democracy, 
but democrac}- must be made safe for the 
world. To this end every governmental unit 
must strive. 




Gifts 

For The Home 

— are in the end, most satisfying be- 
cause they are enduring and bring hap- 
piness to more than one individual. 

Home-Gifts are more likely to fill an 
urgent need than individual gifts and 
are therefore more appropriate. 

This great store is filled with pur- 
poseful, practical (and therefore patri- 
otic) gifts for the home. 




Camplete Heme Fnmisheri — Hsme Beantifiers 
724 TO 738 SOUTH BROADWAY 



16 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA WOMAN'S PRESS CLUB 

Opening Address by Its President, Mrs. Mary Clough Watson 



Fellow-workers in the field of Literature and 
Art, this is, in some respects, a really auspicious 
occasion. The Southern California Woman's 
Press Club is today beginning its 2Sth anniver- 
sary year. This year it sets up the first quarter 
century mile-stone, marking, so far, a pros- 
perous and honorable career. 

Twenty-five years brings the most youthful of 
youths to a fairly responsible age. But the 
Press Club, although seriously taking up the 
obligations of its maturity, by no means, claims 
to have gotten its growth. On the contrary, 
it realizes that it is its destiny to expand in 
character and scope of activity, to increase in 
strength, to attain to fuller recognition of 
leadership along the lines of its legitimate en- 
deavor, and to, at length, achieve substantial 
and far-reaching results. 

This is the goal towards which we are press- 
ing. And we mean that every anniversary shall 
find us nearer the mark which we have set up, 
but which is ever advancing before us to 
broader fields and loftier heights. 

There are members present today who have 
the honor to have founded this club. It must 
be gratifying to Mrs. Marshall and Mrs. Ellis 
to see that the puny babe, whom they nursed 
with such loving care, has developed into the 
sturdy youth, with brains to plan and will to 
do, and power to achieve. 

But, to drop metaphor, — This club has a large 
and brilliant representation in the domain of 
literature and the arts and sciences. Its special- 
ists are women whose recognition in their lines 
of effort is not only state-wide, but nation-wide, 
and, in some instances, international in scope. 

It may be interesting for you to know that, 
among our enrollment are 110 newspaper and 
magazine writers, 86 in fiction. 35 in special 
work, 25 in poems and songs, 18 in drama and 
monologue, 8 in photo-play, 8 in music, and 7 in 
art. Of course some of these are doubling their 
work in different departments. 

Besides these, the professions of Law, Medi- 
cine, Dentistry, Ornithology, Conchology, are 
represented. 

Among our membership is a large percentage 
of young women, who are just beginning their 
professional careers. For them the future 
offers vast fields of opportunity and glorious 
heights of accomplishment. The world is theirs 
to explore and to conquer. Youth will be 
served ; and it is through this class that the 
Woman's Press Club will, at length, find its 
place in the sun. 

I know it is your wish, as well as mine, that 
a kindly and fraternal feeling should permeate 
the club, and that we should be a group of 
women, banded together for mutual help and 
mutual encouragement. I am well aware that 
constructive criticism is a powerful means of 
improvement in our line of work. It should 
be given cheerfully and impersonally, and re- 
ceived gratefully. 

But, above all, let us be frank and above 
board in all our dealings with each other. Let 



us be good sports, and take our discussions and 
controversies into the open, with a fair field 
for all. Only by friendly and united effort may 
we become a powerful factor in the world of 
progress. 

In this time of stress, when the world is rent 
by war, and the ensanguined fields of Europe 
call our best-beloved to the battle-front, to fight 
for struggling humanity and the democracy of 
the world, we, of the Press Club, feel that, of 
all the organizations for cultural advancement, 
we are among the most important in this world 
crisis. Not that we have responded individual- 
ly more promptly than others to the call of our 
country, in the matter of war service and war 
charities, for all have done as much. Not that 
our organization is proportionately a larger in- 
vestor in Government securities than others, for 
all have done equally well. But, our mission 
is distinct and imperative. It is the author, the 
editor, the journalist, the essayist, the poet, the 
story-teller, who sets the waves of enthusiasm 
in motion from shore to shore of a listening 
world, who fires the soul with lofty ideals, and 
clothes with undying sentiment, the spirit of 
loyalty and valor towards our country and her 
Allies. Our duty is as plain on the field of 
patriotism as that of the Red Cross nurse, or 
the soldier at the front. 

The orator may sway an audience by his elo- 
quence, and hold and direct the impulses of a 
vast assemblage of people, until they are moved 
to laughter or to tears. To him is given the 
Heaven-born gift of golden speech. But speech, 
however golden, is limited in scope to those 
who hear. 

But, the scribe, who limns his divine message 
on the printed page, who offers his conception 
of life, and its duties and sacrifices through the 
magic medium of the press, — to him it is given 
to reach and influence the millions of mankind. 
It is the very greatest field of god-like endeav- 
or, bounded only by the far-sweeping horizon, 
blending from Time into Eternity. 

Therefore we feel justified in wheeling into 
the front rank of those who are labormg for 
our country and our flag. None shall offer 
more devoted service for the principles of 
democracy. None shall bring more precious 
gifts to the altar of Liberty. None shall be 
more of an inspiration to the worker at home 
or the soldier in the trenches. 

And so the Press Club counts itself among 
the great forces that are striving to bring Lib- 
erty and a lasting and honorable peace to a 
war-ridden world. 



Mrs. Geo. K. Bretherton 

SOPRANO 

Arailable for club programs — recitals and 
private mustcales. 

Studio, 345 Blanchard Hall— 10082 
Residence, 3795 Harrard Bird.— 77665 



I 



NOVEMBER, 1918 



17 



THE UNITED IDEA 

Ten years ago co-operation between people 
of different religious beliefs was news. When 
you heard about tiie Catholics or Protestants 
or Jews working together in any community, 
you said, "Will the time ever come when every- 
one will do the same thing?" 

That time has come. 

The Red Cross has drawn together the 
women of the country, especially, and the Lib- 
erty Loans have shown everyone his personal 
duty. 

"The United War Work Campaign" is not 
just a title. It means what it says. The seven 
organizations each have their particular work 
to do, but each is as a matter of fact, just one 
department of one big business, the business of 
helping to win the war. 

If the individual workers for all the societies 
could but see the way "the united idea" colors 
everything at campaign headquarters in New 
York, this same "united idea" would never have 
to be explained. One thing is to be done, and 
everyone helps to do it. 

Colonel William Barker, head of the Salva- 
tion Army overseas force, just returned from 
Europe, talked the other evening to a gathering 
of the Jewish W'ar Board — not to tell them that 
the Salvation Army was the most important 
organization working on the Western Front — 
but to tell them how he thought they could 
best frame their next plans, giving them every 
possible suggestion and every benefit of his re- 
cent experiences. 

Bishop Peter J. Muldoon of Rockford, Illi- 
nois, chairman of the National Catholic War 
Council, through a letter asks all the workers of 
his faith to forget all religious differences in 
the drive. 

He writes, "The plan of one common drive 
for war work funds for all the related war ac- 
tivities is heartily welcomed by the National 
Catholic War Council. It enables us all to 
stand on the common platform of American 
citizenship and brings out clearly that the aim 
of all these organizations is one and the same, 
recreational aid to the men in the service. 
Questions of religious differences have no place 
in such a service, which should be extended to 
all soldiers and sailors witliout regard to creed 
or color, nor in a drive for funds to which all 
citizens of any and every denomination con- 
tribute. 

"The United War Work Campaign offers an 
unequalled opportunity for all American citi- 
zens to work together in the common cause now 
so urgent and so dear to us. TIius happily 
united in single-hearted devotion to our coun- 
try, one common appeal will reach from one 
end of America to the other and find a response 
in every true American heart." 



SIC GALLINA EST 

One night recently when the men at work at 
the Vallejo Mills of the Sperry Flour Co., were 
unloading a car of wheat just received from 
the Sacramento Vallej-, they found a healthy 
Plymouth Rock hen in one end of the car. 
The hen was well fed because it had lived and 
thrived on wheat during the time the car was 
in transit. The men at the Sperry Mills did 
not know what to do with the hen until Louis 
Vierra, one of the employees, thought it a good 
idea to rafHe it off and turn the proceeds over 
to the Committee for Relief of Belgium and 
France. The Sperry employees took to the 
idea at once with the result that $46.40 was 
raised during the raffle and promptly turned 
over to the Committee for Relief in Belgium 
and France. Then the employees unanimously- 
decided if "Matilda," as the hen had been 
named, could be the means of raising so much 
money at the Vallejo Mills, similar raffles 
should be held at all other Sperry Mills and 
offices in California. The hen was then shipped 
to the Sperry Family at Stockton, where $43.50 
was raised and from there to Sacramento, 
Fresno, Los Angeles, San Jose, Oakland, and 
San Francisco. Raffles were lield at each place 
by the employees of the Sperry Flour Co., with 
the result that several hundred dollars has been 
donated to the good cause of rescuing and 
feedin.g Belgian babies. 




FALL MODELS 

In Hanclsome New Fabrics 
BACK LACE FRONT LACE 

ALSO 

New Bandeaux and Brassieres in Beautiful 
Laces and Silks 

Now Being Shown at the 

Newcomb's Corset Shop 

623 South Broadway 



18 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



Jessica Lee Briggs, San Francisco 



<• »<■•'•• " »■ t»M».f — .^ »>.■». 



SUDDENLY ONE DAY 



(Found in the pocket of Capt. T. P. C. Wil- 
son, killed in action.) 

Suddenly one day 

The last ill shall fall away. 

The last little beastliness that is in our blood 

Shall drop from us as the sheath drops 

from the bud, 
And the great spirit of man shall struggle 

through 
And spread huge branches underneath the 

blue. 
In any mirror, be it bright or dim, 
Man will see God, staring back at him. 



Under the pressure of pestilence the pop- 
ulace at large has suddenly, as it were, be- 
come members of the Ku-Klux-Klan and 
look strangely serious if not mysterious in 
their white gauze masks. 



A few years ago the question arose among 
a small group of persons as to which was 
the most expressive feature of the face, — 
the eyes or the mouth? 

A near-artist argued for the mouth, as it 
alone was able to show whether the face 
was laughing or crying. For example, he 
drew a round moon with dots to denote 
the eyes and a curved line to denote the 
mouth. The argument was almost final, 
for it made a great difference to the moon 
face whether the line for the mouth curved 
up or down. 

But the eyes are the "windows of the 
soul" and we are finding that it is in looking 
through these windows that we see our 
friends. We could scarcely hope to know 
the face if the mask covered the upper part 
instead of the lower. 



The little women of Japan have joined 
the men in the recent rice riots. It is told 
that the fisherwomen were instrumental in 
starting these riots. The east may always 
remain the east, and the west the west, but 
the race mind is awakening in both hemis- 
spheres — awakening regardless of sex. 



Whether or not the drive of the seven 
.great national organizations which was to 
have been made in November will be post- 
poned has not yet been announced, but 
when the drive does come the full support 
of the club organizations to make it far- 
reaching is earnestly solicited. 



Women are asked to do their Christmas 
shopping early! Time in itself may be a 
fallacy but it is difficult to get into the 
spirit of Christmas in June or even in No- 
vember. It would take at least one gen- 
eration as free from tradition as is the 
golden west to think of Easter as coming 
in September, or the Fourth of July as be- 
ing in January. But there is no doubt that 
the women generally will seek to comply 
with the request for early shopping. And 
never in the history of women, since Eve 
started the fashion of adornment, have the 
shops shown more elaborate or becoming 
habiliments, — furs, embroideries, jewels, 
bags, bonnets, laces and veils. And we are 
told on the face of it all to economize! 



THE MAN 

How does a man know when he has found 
the treasure? 

THE HERDSMAN 

(Very quietly, as though speaking Jiis ozvii 
experience.^ 

When he has found his soul. . . When 
he is filled with . . . joy and peace. 
. . . When he knows that love . . . 
for man and beast and things ... is 
life. 

THE WOMAN'S VOICE 

. . . Behold, I give it you. The crown 
which was yours before the world began. 
Entrusted to my care I have kept it pure 
and bright, for the wonderous day when 
you should call for it. My Prince, I crown 
you. My Prince of Love and Truth. One 
more nobleman in the court of heaven, 
pledged to serve his King. 

("The Foot of the Rainbozv," by Myrtle Glenn 
Roberts.) 



Perhaps no other phrase could be more 
aptly spoken of as a slogan for the Amer- 
ican people than the words "All right" 
which are constantly being used together 
as a reply, a question, a consideration, a 
final statement, a conditional clause, an off- 
hand expression, an exclamation, or a dec- 
laration with regard to health, happiness, 
finances, philosophy and religion. Even our 
most grouchy pessimist makes use of them. 

It may take some further years of pro- 
gression for us, practical as we are, to be- 
come a nation of poets; but there is some- 
thing significant about a good-natured, easy- 
going people constantly asserting that all 
is right even though they may not say it 
in just the same spirit as did Browning's 
little silk weaver. 



NOVEMBER, 1918 



19 



NO LET-UP ON FOOD 
CONSERVATION 

MRS. ROBERT J. BURDETTE, 
Director Food Conservation 

As you have already been advised, Washing- 
ton has asked that on account of the present 
epidemic of Spanish influenza, the delivery of 
the new Home Cards be postponed until De- 
cember 2nd to 7th. This will in no wise lessen 
the value of the card itself when delivered, but 
will greatly increase the possibility of multiply- 
ing the value of personal service of those who 
are to carry to the individual households some- 
thing more than the printed card. 

Continue the pressure on your chairmen that 
there be 100 per cent report of the number of 
households in each unit filed in this office when 
the time comes for the great undertaking of 
delivering to each chairman the correct number 
of cards to be distributed in her unit. No coun- 
ty has been fully reported and a few counties 
have not reported at all up to date. Urge that 
the records be completed at once. 

Meanwhile, prepare the people to live by the 
Home Card by preaching in every possible way 
the new Gospel of Conservation and the neces- 
sity for this Gospel. Remember we sit at a 
"common table" with the 120,000,000 people of 
the Allies, and in order that it shall be a "com- 
mon table," we must furnish 50 per cent more 
food stuffs than we did last year. 

This means the elimination of all waste. 
Make a special study of that which has always 
been waste but never recognized as such, and 
from this moment turn it into saving. The 
"common table" supply requires a greater sav- 
ing of wheat, of meat, of fats, of sugar, coffee, 
tea and cocoa, the last four because they re- 
quire ships to bring them which are needed to 
take the boys and their equipment overseas if 
the war is won quickly. 

Remember the war is not yet won, but if the 
last shot was fired tomorrow and plans for last- 
ing peace were begun, the "common table" must 
continue for one year, two years or more. 

We have risen to heights of idealism through 
our voluntary sacrifice, not considered possible 
before the war, and now, with the searchlight 
of all time focused upon us as the "big brother" 
of nations, we will more than measure up to 
all Hoover pledged for us when he sat in with 
the .Mlies at the "common table" in London. 
Keep the home fires burning. 



SELF-EXPECTATION 
Leigh Mitchell Hodges 

Expect much of yourself. Ask — of your- 
self — and ye shall receive — from yourself. 

This means you must dare. It means you 
must be willing to take chances. Above all, 
it means you must depend less on others 
and more on self. Otherwise you join the 
human tacks that keep puncturing the tires 
of progress. 

With a right measure of self-expectation 
these might be sitting at the steering wheels 
heading up and on. 

Are YOU in the dust or driving? 



"to tke 

Women 

Today, more than at any time in 
the Nation's history, the women 
are performing a vital part in the 
conduct of the Nation's business. 

The natural business sense of the 
women is coming to the fore. The 
inherent capacity to buy wisel}- — to 
"know value when she sees ft" — • 
has secured many a woman the posi- 
tion of "buyer" for an important 
mercantile concern. 

Even in the selection of clothes for 
"their men," the women are proving 
themselves invaluable today. Natural 
shoppers to begin with, they have 
learned to knoiv values — to distinguish 
the real from the make-believe. 

Easily sixty per cent of the clothing 
purchases that are made on our floors 
are made by men who have their wives 
or mothers or sisters or sweethearts 
along. We are glad the women come 
— because most women can judge a 
fabric whether it is made of all-wool 
for long wear or is merely camouflage. 
They appreciate in/iy Hart Schaffner 
Sc Marx clothes are the most economi- 
cal clothes. 

So to the women — to you his mother, 
his wife, his sister, his sweetheart — 
we extend a cordial invitation to come 
with "him" to "the store with a Con- 
science." His interests are your inter- 
ests — naturally. Our doors are wide 
open to you. 




BROADWAY 
AT SIXTH 



THE HOME OF HARTSCHAFFNER & MARX CLOTHES 



20 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



TUBERCULOSIS PROB- 
LEM FACING CALI- 
FORNIA 



California was well represented at the South- 
western Conference on Tuberculosis, held in 
Denver last week, said Mrs. E. L. M. Tate 
Thompson, in an interview recently. All of 
the prominent tuberculosis workers in the 
State were present. Delegates from Oak- 
land, Los Angeles, Sacramento, Pasadena. 
Stockton and Fresno took part in the 
meeting. 

In view of the fact that the tuberculosis prob- 
lem has been made more acute than ever in 
the Southwest, by the discharging of so many 
men from the camps suffering from tubercu- 
losis, it is extremely gratifying to the Califor- 
nia workers, continued Mrs. Thompson, to 
know that we have, first, a complete registra- 
tion of all our rejected tuberculosis soldiers. 
This is due to the excellent co-operation of the 
draft boards and examining physicians in the 
camps. Second, the fine corps of public health 
nurses and their work in the tuberculosis clin- 
ics has been invaluable. This, coupled with the 
magnificent spirit and generosity of the Red 
Cross chapters, has made much possible in the 
way of help for the men, and no one in Cali- 
fornia but myself, continued Mrs. Thompson, 
knows how splendid the supervisors have been 
in rushing work through to provide an adequate 
number of beds. 

The Southwest faces a serious problem this 
winter, but California is fortunate in not hav- 
ing to refuse care or treatment to any of her 
returning soldiers. 



A SPIRITUAL DIF- 
FERENCE 



"You cannot imagine a more absolute dif- 
ference than that which differentiates Foch, 
Pershing, Haig and King Albert from Kaiser 
Wilhelm, Hindenburg, Ludendorff and Mack- 
ensen," says Dr. Charles S. MacFarland, com- 
missioner from the federal council of the 
Churches of Christ of America to France. Dr. 
MacFarland, who has just returned, conferred 
with General Pershing, Marshal Foch, and 
King Albert and describes Pershing as reveal- 
ing wonderful qualities of strategic skill, to- 
gether with the personal qualities of modesty, 
unselfishness and self-effacement. Also Gen- 
eral Pershing's character and personality, his 
simple and genuine religious life, his example 
of words, have set great moral and spiritual 
ideals before our officers and men. 

Of Marshal Foch, he says : 

"Marshal Foch is a deeply religious man with 
almost child-like simplicity. During his great 
offensive, he took time to talk over the moral 



and spiritual needs of our army, especially 
when they should face the winter months." 

King Albert, he describes as a retiring mod- 
est man of sweet disposition, but brave and de- 
termined. He found the king and queen living 
right at headquarters with the army, close to 
the trenches. 

Dr. MacFarland says that his greatest hope 
of the future comes from the personal impres- 
sions of the allied generals. They are not only 
clean high-minded religious men, but clearly 
humane, just and tender. This is the feeling 
one gets from personal contact with them. 

"Clearly — the immeasurable spiritual differ- 
ence between the two forces is symibolized by 
the difference in these two groups of leaders," 
concludes Dr. MacFarland. 



HOLD YOUR LIBERTY BONDS 



The effort to separate Liberty Bond holders 
not familiar with stock and bond values from 
their Liberty Bonds has taken a new turn. The 
manipulators instead of offering to buy the 
bonds at inadequate prices, offer in exchange 
for them the stocks and bonds of various wild- 
cat corporations, whose face value is large but 
whose actual value is little or nothing. 

The safest investment in the world is a Lib- 
erty Bond. For a patriotic American, Liberty 
Bonds are the best investment in the world. It 
is not only a wise thing to hold them, it is a pa- 
triotic thing to do. The soldier that takes a 
trench and then voluntarily gives it up is not 
to be compared with one who takes a trench 
and holds it against the enemy. An American 
who buys a Liberty Bond and then sells it is 
not so good an American as one who buys a 
bond and holds it. This does not apply, how- 
ever, to one who sells his bond because of real 
necessity; there is leigtimate trading in Liberty 
Bonds which the treasury recognizes. 

It was a wise and patriotic old colored Amer- 
ican who refused to sell his $100 Liberty Bond 
for $96, because he would not give up the 
United States' promise (his bond) to pay him 
$100 with interest for the LTnited States' prom- 
ise (currency) to pay him $96. and who refused 
to sell the same bond for $102, because, he said, 
that the $102 must be counterfeit or else the 
would-be purchaser would not be willing to 
give it for only $100. It is safe to say that 
there are no gold bricks or wildcat securities 
among that American's assets. 



Let us learn to be content with what we 
have, let us get rid of our false estimates, set 
up all the higher ideals — a quiet home ; vines of 
our own planting; a few books full of the in- 
spiration of a genius ; a few friends worthy of 
being loved and able to love us in return ; a 
hundred innocent pleasures that bring no pain 
or remorse ; a devotion to the right that will 
never swerve ; a simple religion empty of all 
bigotry, full of trust and hope and love — and to 
such a philosophy this world will give up all the 
empty joy it has. — David Swing. 



NOVEMBER, 1918 



21 



BELGIANS STILL NEED 
HELP 

Belgium, famished and outraged by the Ger- 
man oppressor, with her industries demoralized, 
is still in constant need of aid froin the allied 
nations and America. The Belgian minister 
to the United States, in recent speech, said : 

"Belgium was the first country to suffer Ger- 
many's treacherous attack upon civilization. 
Belgium had, therefore, the proud privilege of 
being the first to offer her sacrifice upon the 
Altar of Liberty of the world. We are a small 
nation, but we gave what we had. We pre- 
ferred to die as freemen rather than to live as 
slaves. And Belgium will endure to the bitter 
end ... an end that will be bitter to the Ger- 
mans, but which will bring freedom to the hon- 
est nations of the earth. 

"Our deported workmen held in slavery, our 
great silent band of civilians in occupied Bel- 
gium, inspired by the spirit of such men as Car- 
dinal Mercier and Burgomaster Max, will 
starve rather than desert the cause to which we 
have pledged our faith. Our army under the 
leadership of our great and noble King has 
already given proof of its determination, and 
will die in the last ditch rather than betray our 
brothers in arms. You may be sure that Bel- 
gium will never consent to a 'Bargain Peace.' 

"The Germans have destroyed our industries 
and burned our peaceful towns ; they have 
robbed our land ; they have shamefully mis- 
treated our women ; they have wantonly shot 
down our old men, women and children, but 
the spirit of Belgium — that spirit which has 
come down from the days of Caesar — can never 
be conquered. 

"Standing as we do firmly shoulder to shoul- 
der with your great republic and with the rest 
of our gallant Allies, it is a precious consola- 
tion to us and a great encouragement to us to 
see the splendid organizations who have formed 
not only to win the war but to win it in the 
shortest possible time. Your brave soldiers 
need no word of praise from me ; their gallant 
exploits at Chateau Thierry and at St. Mihiel 
are known and speak for themselves." 



WHAT ONE CLUB DID IN 
EMERGENCY SERVICE 

By MRS. H. J. WEBBER 

Since the War, women's clubs have performed 
many important tasks. They were already or- 
ganized and ready to lend service. In Red 
Cross work, in Food Conservation and Produc- 
tion, in Bond and all other patriotic campaigns 
club women have rendered valuable aid. These 
war activities have shown the value of organ- 
ization and the power of united effort. They 
have enlarged the sphere of woman's activities. 
In this broader work all clubs should and must 



take a leading part. Such an objective will 
tend to bring club members closer to each other 
and bind them together as nothing else can do. 
The great power a club can be in a community 
is inestimable and the war has demonstrated 
the importance of such an organization. In 
the influenza epidemic in Riverside this was re- 
cently illustrated when the Woman's Club ral- 
lied to the help of the Health Officer. River- 
side, like all other communities, found itself 
unprepared when the influenza made its appear- 
ance. There were not nurses enough to care 
for the sick. The club women undertook a 
house to house canvass of the city, and in less 
than a week, completed the work. Every day 
they telephoned the Red Cross the names and 
addresses of those who would nurse the sick, 
help in the kitchen, or care for the children of 
those who had been taken to the hospitals. 
Surely a new era has dawned, and Women's 
Clubs will be looked upon as an important part 
of every communitj-, and will serve a definite 
and important function. Henry Clay said, "A 
Nation's character is the sum of its splendid 
deeds : they constitute our common patrimony, 
the nation's inheritance." A club's character 
is the sum of its deeds and when added to- 
gether make the grand total of its existence. 
The spirit and readiness of a club to uplift or 
relieve suffering humanity, to stand behind 
the community and the Government, to offer a 
willing hand whenever called upon, constitutes 
the ideals and the inheritance of such an organ- 
ization in the future. 



Bring in Your Old 
Jewelry 

If this old gold and silver were 
refined and put in circulation the 
nation would profit by it. 

Help your government win the 
war. 

Ask us for information. 

758 South Hill Street 
Home 71 779 Los Angeles, Cal. 



22 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



AMERICA MAY PROFIT 
BY ALLIES' EX- 
PERIENCE 



WOMEN IN INDUSTRY SHOULD BE 

SAFE-GUARDED WHILE THEY 

SERVE THE NATION 

DURING THE WAR 



"The women of the United States will make 
as extraordinary records in the war industries 
as the men are making every day in the actual 
battles of the war," declares Miss Joy Mont- 
gomery Higgins, a member of the labor com- 
mission which went abroad last spring in re- 
sponse to an invitation from the ministry of 
information of the British Government. 

While Miss Higgins was abroad she visited 
the munitions plants in France and Great Brit- 
ain and saw the battle fronts maintained by the 
American troops as well as those held by the 
French and English. Since her return from 
Europe she has spoken in many cities of the 
West, where she has found the most patriotic 
and enthusiastic spirit. 

"At last, labor is coming into its own, here 
as well as abroad," Miss Higgins says. "At 
last, labor is honored as it should be and the 
workers have a chance to prove their heroism, 
their, loyalty, and their power to contribute to 
the national welfare. Here on this side of the 
ocean we are but just beginning to face the 



facts of the war and the first great fact is that 
women must do their part just as courageously 
as the men are doing theirs. 

"I think our American women have realized 
that their time of complete service would come 
just as it came to the men of the Nation, and 
they have been perparing for it. They know 
that it is here now. Everywhere I see them 
going to work bravely and with the same will 
to win that has enabled the women of France 
and Great Britain to support the Allies suc- 
cessfully. 

"There are no longer any soft, white hands 
'over there,' where there is no task too hard 
or too humble for women to attempt, or suc- 
cessfully to accomplish, if one may judge from 
appearances. I saw peeresses and peasants 
working side by side in the munitions factories 
and the canteens. The women still scrub and 
cook, sew and care for children. They follow 
the age-old occupations of women, but, also, 
they perform the labor of men. And of course 
to them is assign'ed the task of ministering to 
the wounded. They are everywhere doing what 
they can to assuage the agonies that every bat- 
tle inflicts. They have even helped to dig the 
graves on the British front line in Flanders. 

"It is not surprising that women should soon 
learn to run machines, but it is surprising that 
they are engaged successfully on heav}' jobs 
that require great physical strength. It is the 
American ideal that womanhood should be pro- 
tected, and for that reason I believe in safe- 
guarding the health of women in every possible 
way. We, here in the United States, can profit 
by the experience of France and Great Britain, 
where it was demonstrated that certain kinds 
of employment for women meant a terrible 




NOVEMBER, 1918 



23 



wastage afifecting future generations, as well 
as our own. And this brings me to an acknowl- 
edgment of the whole great debt we owe the 
Allies, who are bestowing upon us, who have 
entered the war so recently, the benefits of their 
four years' experience. 

"They are teaching us h'lw to avoid the mis- 
takes made in the first experiments in warfare 
forced on them by the horrible inventions of 
Germany. We are profiting by what they have 
learned in factories and shops, in homes and 
schools, as well as in trenches and on battle 
fields, in camps and hospitals. 

"I hope that we shall neglect none of the les- 
sons offered by our Allies, that we shall be 
especially cautious in the introduction of women 
into the new lines of industry made necessary 
by the exigencies of war. It is less costly to 
profit by forethought than to benefit by after- 
thought." 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, 

Bureau of Education 

WOMEN'S CLUBS TO HELP U. S. 

SCHOOL GARDEN ARMY 

"Every one of the twenty-two million school 
children of the United States should be given 
the opportunity to feel that he has a part in the 
work of winning the war," says Mrs. Mary K. 
Sherman, formerly Secretary of the General 
Federation of Women's Clubs, now serving as 
Assistant Regional Director of the United 
States School Garden Army, in charge of the 
Garden Army activities of club women. 

"One vital service that may be put within 
reach of these boys and girls is the chance to 
produce food. There is no other one thing that 
comes so distinctly home to every individual as 
food, and if every child is shown that by raising 
even a little food that he himself eats he will be 
helping to keep the soldiers on the battle fields 
from going hungry, he will see that he has a 
part and can help in the great world struggle. 

"Secretary Franklin K. Lane, through the 
Bureau of Education, has put in operation a 
practical plan for the mobilization of the school 
children of the country for garden work. The 
responsibility for bringing this .opportunity 
within reach of the children rests very largely 
upon the women. The General Federation of 
Women's Clubs, through its Department of 
the. Conservation of National Resources, is 
urging its membership of two million women 
to aid in the work for school gardens. The 
citizens of a community who do not make it 
possible for the school superintendents, princi- 
pals, and teachers to conduct school gardens, 
according to the plan of the United States 
School Garden Army, are not awake to their 
full duty. Collective support and individual 
service must be given and public interest 
aroused. We must vision the possibilities and 



keep in mind that the aim of the United States 
School Garden Army is to nationalize, unify 
and to greatly extend the work now being car- 
ried on by the school children of America. 

"It is one of the anomalies of life that good 
often comes out of evil. As this war is the most 
destructive in all history, so are the potential- 
ities for good beyond estimation. This oppor- 
tunity for garden work by the school children 
of the country is three-fold. The material help 
in the production of food, the sense that it will 
give each child that he is doing his part in 
winning the war and, of greater importance 
than either of these, is the benefit to the child 
from an educational viewpoint. The oppor- 
tunity is so full of possibiltiies that unless we 
utilize it to the full the gardening will fall short 
in the highest sense, notwithstanding satisfac- 
tory patriotic and economic results. 

"In the garden the mysteries of nature are 
unfolded. Under sympathetic guidance the 
child's imagination is stimulated and his powers 
of observation are developed. Trees, flowers, 
waving grain field, bird, mountain and valley 
will come in time to have their full meaning 
to the boys and girls who are taught to see na- 
ture's lessons in their first garden. 

"Now is the time to plan for next summer's 
work. If the fathers and mothers do their part 
the children will do theirs, and the little citi- 
zens of tomorrow will be better equipped than 
ever before for the responsibilities of life, and 
will be glad and happy in their ability to give 
immediate service." 



WHITE KING 

White 
For the Laundry 

WESTERN STAR 

White Floating 
For Laundry or Bath 

CALLA LILY BORAX 

White Cocoanut Oil 
For Bath and Shampoo 

COCOA NAPTKA 

Yellow 
For The Laundry 

MERMAID WASHING 
POWDER 

Softena the Water 

ANVIL PUMICE 

Toilet 

For the Autoist 

Sufficient Aaaortnient for any Family 

LOS ANGELES SOAP COMPANY 



24 



THE CLUBWOMAN 




CALIFORNIA SOLDIER BESIDE GRAVE OF QUENTIN ROOSEVELT 



Not long after the American forces began 
their victorious advance, pushing the enemy 
with vigor from their vaunted strongholds, they 
recovered territory in which is the grave of 
Lieut. Quentin Roosevelt. They found it 
marked by a rude, broken cross with the word 
Roosevelt scratched thereon, placed by the Ger- 
mans, and a wheel from his plane at the foot 
of the grave. Reverently the American boys 
fashioned a cross on which the name and serv- 
ice of the young aviator were inscribed, and 



there an American chaplain read the simple, 
impressive burial services. 

In tliat army which took part in the early 
part of the victorious advance was a Riverside 
county boy, Perry Record, and this picture 
shows him standing at the head of Lieutenant 
Roosevelt's grave. Before enlisting in the 
service Record lived in San Jacinto, where his 
parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. G. Record, make 
their home. His early childhood was passed in 
Riverside, where he attended high school. 



NOVEMBER, 1918 



25 



A GERMAN-AMERICAN 
POINT OF VIEW 

One of the most forceful and unsparing de- 
nouncements of the present German govern- 
ment which the writer has encountered, ema- 
nates from Peter W. Goebel, former president 
of the American Bankers Association, the 
strength of whose condemnation is added to 
because he himself is of German lineage. 

In his arraignment he says : 

"I hate the German government with a con- 
suming hatred, because she has made the peo- 
ple of my blood and kindred the outcasts of 
the world, the Ishmaelites of Civilization. This 
transformation of a people into a race of 
demons whose very name is anathema among 
the generous minded people of the world, is 
the result of a system of education designed 
to further the selfish aims of an autocrat. As 
a lad of 14 years, I lived in a German garrison 
city. I there have seen little, insignificant ser- 
geants and sub-lieutenants strike in the face 
strong men privates in the ranks; I have seen 
them spit in their faces ; I have heard them call 
these soldiers the most vile epithets that ever 
fouled human lips, and these men were forced 
by the iron discipline of Prussia to stand and 
endure those insults. That is why I am enlisted 
in this war with every energy I possess — with 
every dollar I own, to the end that the world 
and my kindred may be ever rid of the foulest 
tyranny that ever disgraced and blackened the 
page of history with the recital of the out- 
rages. I know that future generations in 
Germany will bless the day that America en- 
tered this war on the side of liberty and human- 
ity. I know this, the German people will cele- 
brate the anniversary of that day with the same 
reverent thankfulness that we Americans cele- 
brate the Fourth of July; as the day upon 
which the ultimate emancipation of Germany 
from the most damnable tyranny of history was 
declared." 



THE PATRIOTIC DUTY 
OF BEING EDUCATED 

The State Chairman of Education calls the 
attention of club women to the following : 

"Education at the present time is a patriotic 
duty," President M. Carey Thomas recently 
told the graduating class of Brj'n Mawr. It 
was President Thomas' opinion that to stay in 
high school until graduation is high patriotism 
for all boys and girls, and a still higher patriot- 
ism to stay in college until graduation. 

"It is our duty," she continued, "to make sure 
that our boys below fighting age and all our 
girls shall receive an education that will enable 
them after the war is over to rebuild the world 
on firm foundations of international law and 
order. We have ohly to recall . . . the brutal 
barbarism into which Germany sank after the 
thirty years' war, the efifects of which may be 
recognized today in the hideous savagery with 
which she wages war ; the slow recovery of the 
arts of peace in Europe after the Napoleonic 
Wars ... to realize that we are facing over- 
whelming intellectual and spiritual disaster. 

"Schools are shortening their terms, children 
are being drafted into industry and farming, 
child labor laws are becoming a dead letter : 
already in the schools there is an appalling and 
ever increasing shortage of teachers, men teach- 
ers altogether disappearing, and women taking 
up better paid . . . war jobs. 

"Surely with all the vast resources of men 
and women power in the United States we can 
compel our school boards to save our children 
from the terrible menace of illiteracy. Surely 
we can make a sufficient number of the thou- 
ands upon thousands of college women in this 
country see that as teachers in the schools they 
are standing shoulder to shoulder with their 
brothers in Flanders and Picardy in the per- 
formance of patriotic duty. And if we fail 
to do this we must see that they are paid living 
salaries and are drafted into the schools like 
their brothers into the trenches." 



PEERLESS 
LAUNDRY COMPANY 

All That the Name Implies 

AS TO 
FAMILY WASHING, FAMILY STYLE 

Main Street at Slauson Ave. 
Home 27961 South 6518 



Ralphs Grocery Co. 



SELLS FOR LESS 



(Highest Quality Goods) 



26 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



PIONEER DIVISION 

To THiC Editor: — We would deeply appreciate your 
running this remarkable human interest story in your 
publication. It is a Une piece of writing, as well as 
an excellent boost for IV. S. S. Any publicity given 
this matter will be appreciated by the Pioneer Division 
of the War Savings Committee, 



THE NECKWEAR SHARPSHOOTER 



By Guy Hubbart 

The recruiting officer in a medium-sized 
city turned a volunteer down because he was 
physically unfit to fight in the trenches. The 
young man was anxious to get at the dirty 
boche and his swaggering officers first hand. 
But his chest was too shallow; his heart was 
weak; his feet were flat. He was rejected 
unconditionally. This is what he said when 
he got back behind the men's furnishing 
counter — his regular job:' 

"Oh, I am not fit to fight, hey! Well, I 
will fight. My feet may be flat and my heart 
weak, but my head isn't flat, my brain isn't 
weak. I'll fight the damned Kaiser and his 
crew of Potsdam butchers and baby killers. 
I'll fight him with something sharper than a 
sword, something the Teutonic philosophy 
cannot comprehend. I'll fight him with 
ideas." 

And the young man with the flat chest did 
fight. He organized a War Savings Stamp 
Club in his store, and under his direction it 
sold $36,000 worth of stamps in six weeks. 
His boss helped him, his customers helped 
him. He is selling stamps now along with 



his regular merchandise, collars, neckties 
and shirts. But he hasn't allowed his regu- 
lar job to interfere with his fighting. No sir, 
not at all! 

Do you know what that $36,000 will do to- 
ward winning the war? Ask any Ordnance 
man. He'll tell you and then you'll know 
why the Kaiser fears ideas more than he 
does guns. He knows he can't fight ideas. 
He is at the head of an army of cattle. Cat- 
tle must be driven. They can't fight like 
this flat-chested clerk. 

You men at the head of stores manned by 
sales people with ideas. Are you helping 
them fight? You are if you have a War Sav- 
ings Stamp Department where stamps are 
sold every day. 

Tell this story to your sales people. It 
will help them, and you, fight. And remem- 
ber every dollar helps the gunner and the 
mop-up man "over there." 

WAR SAVINGS COMMITTEE, 

320-25 Title Ins. Building, 
Los Angeles, Cal. 



CITY MEN GOOD FARM WORKERS 

Use of city men as farm workers in emer- 
gency seasons has demonstrated not only 
that many men employed in cities and towns 
were reared on farms and are skilled in har- 
vest labor, but also that city men can stand 
the heat and exertion of the harvest field, 
and attack their tasks with willingness and 
patriotic enthusiasm. This was reported by 
the Federal farm help specialist in Kentucky 
at the Department of Agriculture's recent 
harvest labor conferences in Birmingham, 
Ala. 
— Washington Government Printing Office. 









1^ >r 



^-iftfiiVi^'"^ 



What French Women Are Doing 



NOVEMBER, 1918 



27 



DISTRICT NEWS 

SAN FRANCISCO— Mrs. W. C. Morrow 
MRS. W. C. MORROW, San Francisco 

During almost all of September our dear 
relative, Uncle Sam, sent out a call to the 
women of America to participate in the 
work for the Fourth Liberty Loan. Right 
nobly did the sisters of the \\'est respond 
to the call to loyalty and unselfish endeavor. 
Just as the sisters of the East, the South 
and the Middle West put all else subserv- 
ient to the call, so did the women of Cali- 
fornia lay aside everything to work for the 
cause of Liberty, Justice and Humanity. 
All of September was given over to the 
attendance of arousement and educational 
and instructive meetings. Women were in- 
ducted into the mysteries of salesmanship, 
and they were also aroused to intensive pa- 
triotism by the stirring speeches made by 
men and women who were touring the Na- 
tion for the purpose of arousing the latent 
patriotism in the women slacekrs as well 
as men slackers. Alas, that there are wo- 
men slackers! 

The Government called for a general 
parade of all the women workers for Sat- 
urday night, September 28th, the evening 
of the day on which the Fourth Liberty 
Loan drive was started. Every worker was 
asked to show her loyalty and good faith 
by subscribing on Friday, the 27th, for a 
bond or bonds, and the women en masse 
responded to the best of their ability. The 
parade on Saturday night was a memorasre 
one. The women wore their Red Cross 
aprons and Liberty caps and presented a 
pleasing pageant as they marched, each 
carrying a small flag. Women who had 
been majors, captains and lieutenants in 
the San Francisco Women's Army laid 
aside their rank and went as brave soldiers 
obedient to the call. Their entrance into 
the .Auditorium after the long march from 
the Ferry to the City Hall and thence to 
the Auditorium, created a salvo of applause, 
and the picturesque garb of the red, white 
and blue of the caps with their white stars 
on a field of blue, were a delightful adjunct 
to the more sober garb of those already 
congregated there. 

On Monday. September 30th. the actual 
work began and the women climbed steps 
and solicited money for bonds with cheer- 
ful alacrity. The results were astonishing, 
despite the fact that some met with rebuffs 
and also that many people had bought 
through their banks or their places of busi- 
ness or other avenues. When the last call 
came for a grand gala day of work and the 
election booths were commandeered for 
the purpose of enlisting those who had not 
bought, women gave up the extra-enticing 
fifteen minutes of slumber and were on 
hand at the booths at the early hour re- 
quired. Heroically they went to the remote 
booths — in many instances far from their 
homes, though their own polling-place was 
just around the corner. It is to the high 



commendation of the women who served in 
the outlying and poorer districts just as 
faithfully as those who were favored with 
the more spectacular work in crowded and 
popular districts, and the women who 
worked among strangers and in hard dis- 
tricts deserve far more credit than the 
chosen few who picked and chose rich and 
showy districts. 

Then when the hardest part was over and 
the women thought they might snatch a 
few days of rest, caem the emergency call 
from the Red Cross for surgical dressings, 
and without a moment's hesitation they 
plunged into that, only to be called to still 
further effort when the dread pestilence 
came and calls for volunteer workers 
among the sick, to nurse, cook, scrub and 
wash and do the housework in stricken 
households. Certain it is that the women 
have acquired Merit, and certain it is that 
never again will they be content to live 
idle, useless lives. The clubs have made 
everything subservient to the need of the 
hour. All social affairs have been canceled 
and all effort at entertainment has been 
abandoned, and the work of making the 
gauze masks which are used as a preven- 
tive measure to hinder the germs, has gone 
on in almost every club in San Francisco. 

The War has proved that women can 
rise superior to adversity and forget self 
and all else but the Call for Humanity, 
Justice, Freedom and Democracy for the 
whole world. 

Nor have the women regarded the peace 
propaganda issued by those arrant knaves 
and cowards — the Germans — as anything to 
be taken seriously. They have frowned 
upon anything but a victorious peace. 
Dearly as they would love to have their 
boys back thej' would be the first to bid 
them stay and fight on until the world is 
freed forever from the tyrant's power. 



SOUTHERN DISTRICT NEWS 
Mrs. Varna Gates Hosfelt, Press Chairman 

This will prove a banner month in point of 
accomplishment as well as interest for the club 
women of the Southern District, as the Con- 
vention at Ontario will be one of the foremost 
events of the year. With such speakers as Dr. 



Your photos taken at 

The Johnson Studio 

are taken by Mr. Johnson personally 
who insures careful attention and 
prompt delivery. Only five weeks left 
for your Christmas orders. 

610 Title Guarantee Building 

5th & Broadway 
Home 61414 



28 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



Robert Freeman, Mrs. Herbert C. Cable, Mrs. 
O. Shepherd Barnum. and others, to say noth- 
ing of the timely programs on social and in- 
dustrial conditions and child welfare work, 
there will be such a fund of rich intellectual 
treats that every club woman will do well to 
attend as many sessions as possible. The con- 
vention will convene on the ISth and con- 
tinue for three days. (Postponed to Jan- 
uary IS.) 

Something out of the ordinary was provided 
by the Orange Woman's Club, a short time ago, 
when its members acted as hostesses to the pio- 
neers of that city. A real treat was enjoyed 
when Mrs. Samuel Armor — a resident of 
Orange for forty-three years — was given a 
place on the interesting program, in which a 
number of the "old-timers" took part, and told 
of by-gone days. 

A sum of was $300 received during the month 
of September by the Red Cross dining room 
of Santa Ana, of which the Ebell Club of that 
city is sponsor for the Monday luncheons. 
Thirteen luncheons were given during the 
month. 

Working together with that spirit of unity 
which is always apparent where there is abso- 
lute co-operation, the members of the Colton 
Woman's Club afforded their guests one of the 
happiest afternoons imaginable on October 8th, 
when they held their Reciprocity Day recep- 
tion and program in the Presbyterian Church. 
They were most fortunate in securing Mrs. 
Herbert C. Cable— the State President of the 
C. F. W. C, as the speaker, and to say the least 
she simply captivated her audience with her 
charm and personal magnetism. Mrs. Jacob 
Bohlander, President of the Colton Club, pre- 
sided most cleverly, and both Mrs. J. J. Suess, 
President of the Southern District, and Mrs. 
Florence Dodson Schoneman, President of the 
San Bernardino County organization, made 
short addresses. Buffet refreshments completed 
this unusually charming meeting, in whicii club 
women from all over the county, joined hands. 



L. A. DISTRICT NEWS 
Mrs.H. S. Duf field, 

Press Chairman, Glendale, Cal. 
Appropriate to the times seem the lines which 
run as follows : 

"The best-laid plans o' mice an' men 

Gang aft a-gley, 
An' lea'e us naught but pain an' grief for 
promised joy." 
While admitting the wisdom of the general 
embargo on public gatherings, in view of the 
gravity of the influenza epidemic which has 
brought sorrow to so many households, the 
cancelling of their carefully-planned programs 
and club functions has caused club women no 
slight twinge of regret. One of the first big 
events to be called off was the Council of Pres- 
idents, which was to have taken place October 
15th in the Rose Parlor of the Alexandria 
Hotel, Los Angeles. This was to have marked 
the launching of the work of the District for 
the current year. Luncheon was to have been 
served in the dining room, at which both the 



National and State Presidents, Mmes. Cowles 
and Cable, were to have been guests of the 
Executive Board, as well as Mrs. Mabee, Presi- 
dent of the Wa-Wan Club, and Miss Jessica 
Lawrence, President of the Hollywood Club, 
hostess club for the coming District Conven- 
tion. 

Mrs. Mattison B. Jones, district president, 
states that the Council will be called at a later 
date, which will be annoimced in the various 
newspapers. 

It is the wish of the district president that all 
club presidents send to each district chairman, 
whose names and addresses are listed in the 
District Directory the names and addresses of 
the chairman of the corresponding sections and 
committees in their clubs. It is the desire of 
the district officers and chairmen to assist the 
individual clubs through the medium of Feder- 
ation Department Conferences, hence the re- 
quest for the names. 



The Pomona Ebell Club opened its year's 
work with a patriotic program. Sergeant Sid- 
ney Flowers, wounded and decorated for brav- 
ery in the present world war, was the principal 
speaker. The organization of a Junior Belgian 
Relief Section and a Conversational French 
Class further testifies to the patriotism and 
progressiveness of this live body of women. 
Mrs. F. N. Baldwin and Mrs. Charles Thomas 
have charge of the little folk, children of Ebell 
members, who make under their direction caps, 
coatees, and other garments for Belgian babies. 
The Red Cross work of the club has been 
turned over to the Needlework Section. In the 
Fourth Liberty Loan Drive, the individual sub- 
scriptions of club mmbers totaled $14,700. Other 
sections promising well for the year are Music 
and Art, Landmarks. Recital and Civics. Mrs. 
Ferdinand Davis is the president. 



The first week of April has been chosen as 
'convention date for the Los Angeles District, 
California Federation of Women's Clubs, when 
election of officers, revision of the constitution 
and many e.xciting new resolutions are prom- 
ised. The meeting will be held at the Woman's 
Club of Hollywood, whose members will act as 
hostesses. 

The executive board, presided over by Mrs. 
Mattison B. Jones, president, met recently, 
after receiving special permission by the Board 
of Health. Many important business aft'airs 
were discussed in connection with various war 
campaigns. Plans were made to collect the 
War Victory Commission fund as rapidly as 
possible in order to send the unit of 100 women 
to France at the earliest possible date. 



X^(fe^9^ 



445 S. Broadway 



Garments for Women, Misses 
and Children 



NOVEMBER, 1918 



29 



BOYS AND GIRLS PLANT BEET SEED 
FOR SYRUP 

Boys and girls in eighteen states have 
planted 10,414 ounces of sugar-beet seed sup- 
plied them by the United States Department 
of Agriculture for the purpose of making 
sugar-beet syrup. The seed was secured 
through the Bureau of Plant Industry and 
distributed by the States Relations Service 
to eighteen state leaders of boys' and girls' 
club work in the North and West. Each boy 
or girl receiving an ounce of the seed is 
pledged to grow it and to make the beets 
into syrup. It is estimated that, with aver- 
age yields, this might result in the home 
manufacture of more than 40,000 gallons of 
syrup, which may be used in many ways as 
a sugar substitute in general cooking. — 
Washington Government Printing Office. 



HOW TOWN PEOPLE AID FARMERS 

How the little town of Delhi, situated in 
the Catskill mountains in New York state. 
is aiding farmers in the surrounding com- 
munity in securing much-needed labor is 
told by a representative of the United States 
Department of Agriculture, who has re- 
cently returned from an inspection trip in 
that district. The local commercial club of 
Delhi has organized some of the business 
men of the town who are willing to do farm 
work after 3 o'clock. The farmer who needs 
help telephones to the club, and at 3 o'clock 
the volunteer workers climb into automo- 
biles and report to his farm for a half-day's 



work. About 35 business men are being 
placed every day on the farms around Delhi. 
The local minister has set the example. He 
spends one day helping each of the farmers 
in his congregation. — Washington Govern- 
ment Printing Office. 



TURN RABBIT PESTS INTO PROFITS 

Fully 200,000,000 wild rabbits are killed 
in the United States every year, according 
to estimates made by the Biological Survey 
of the United States Department of Agri- 
culture. Many of them are jackrabbits, 
the majority of which have not been utilized 
in the past. If all the rabbits killed were 
consumed, they would represent between 
200.000 and 300,000 tons of valuable food, 
and if proper measures were taken to insure 
the collection of skins, these alone would 
have a value of $20,000,000. The Biological 
Survey has frequently been called upon to 
help Western farmers in coping with the 
rabbit pest. In view of the probable eco- 
nomic value of rabbit meat and fur in the 
coming few years, the energies of the farm- 
ers and ranchmen will be directed to the con- 
servation of this important resource. Al- 
ready a number of establishments for col- 
lecting, dressing, canning and shipping rab- 
bit meat are in operation in Western cen- 
ters. As in Australia the transition of the 
wild rabbit in this country from its status 
as a pest to a source of profit is assured, it 
is believed. — Washington Government Print- 
ing Office. 




---Bradford's Bakery excels in 
equipment, efficiency, and mod- 
ern methods which count for 
much in bread making these days. 
Results— the better "Bradford" loaf 

Bradford Baking Company 



30 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



ALLOTMENT AND ALLOWANCE 
CHECKS 

There has been a change in the system of 
the Bureau of War Risk Insurance of the 
Treasury in the matter of allotment and al- 
lowance checks. This results in some of the 
checks sent out by the bureau being for 
smaller sums than heretofore, but the 
amounts omitted from the checks sent out 
by the bureau will be included in checks 
sent out from other sources. 

The new system will simplify the work of 
the bureau and is expected to accelerate the 
payment of allotments and allowances. 

Prior to July last the War Risk Insurance 
Bureau took the compulsory allotment of 
$15 a month and whatever additional sum 
the enlisted man chose to allot to his family, 
and the whole amount, together with the 
Government allowance for dependents, was 
included in one check and sent out by the 
bureau. Beginning with the July pay, the 
bureau will collect and send out only the 
compulsory allotment of $15 a month and 
the Government family allowance. 

The excess allotments over the compul- 
sory $15 allotment and the allotments to 
persons not entitled by law to allowances 
will not be handled by the Bureau of War 
Risk Insurance, but by the War or Navy 
Department, the Marine Corps, or Coast 
Guard, according to the branch of service 
to which the enlisted man belongs. — Wash- 
ington Government Printing Office. 



fected the views and character of the Ger- 
mans of today? Is not the answer written 
in the blood of the women and children, the 
old men of occupied France and Belgium? 
Are not the Lusitania victims witnesses to 
German adoption of Nietzche's faith? 
Here is his indictment of Christianity: 
"With this I conclude and pronounce my 
sentence; I condemn Christianity. To me 
it is the greatest of all imaginable corrup- 
tions. The church is the great parasite; 
with its anemic idea of holiness it drains life 
of all its strength, its love, and its hope. 
The other world is the motive for the denial 
of every reality. I call Christianity the one 
great curse, the one great intrinsic deprav- 
ity, the one great instinct of revenge, for 
which no expedient is sufficiently poison- 
ous, secret, underhand, to gain its ends. I 
call it the one immortal shame and blemish 
upon the human race." — Washington Gov- 
ernment Printing Office. 



GERMAN VIEW OF CHRISTIANITY 

Frederich Wilhelm Nietzche was one of 
the most noted of modern German philoso- 
phers. How much has his philosophy af- 



THE PRESIDENT ON MOB SPIRIT 

"I have called upon the Nation to put its 
great energy into this war and it has re- 
sponded — responded with a spirit and a 
genius for action that has thrilled the world. 
I now call upon it, upon its men and women 
everywhere, to see to it that its laws are 
kept inviolate, its fame untarnished. * * * 

"I can never accept any man as a cham- 
pion of liberty either for ourselves or for 
the world who does not reverence and obey 
the laws of our own beloved land, whose 
laws we ourselves have made. He has 
adopted the standards of the enemies of his 
country, whom he affects to despise." — 
President Wilson. 
■ — Washington Government Printing Office. 



In "^Tio's Cup ? 




NOVEMBER, 1918 



31 



WHAT BRITISH WOMEN WANT 

LONDON, July IS.— To the question, 
"What will women want next?" the National 
Union of Women's Suffrage Societies have 
given a reply in their manifesto of recon- 
struction. Among the concessions asked 
for are: 

Women members of Parliament. 

Women envoys at the International Re- 
construction Congress after the war. 

British nationality to be retained on mar- 
riage with aliens. 

Women magistrates and jurymen. 

Women solicitors and barristers. 

Higher posts for women in government 
offices. 

Women to be police constables. 

Women teachers paid same money as men. 

State maintenance for widowed mothers 
with dependent children. 

Equal guardianship rights for fathers and 
mothers. 

Equal moral standard. 



Among the bills introduced through the 
Louisiana Federation of Women's Clubs at 
the recent session of the Legislature and 
successfully passed, was for a Training 
School and Colony for the Feeble-Minded, 
with an appropriation of $25,000. Other suc- 
cessful bills were the Abatement and In- 
junction Law, Suffrage Amendment, more 
money for schools, and a committee ap- 
pointed to make a survey of women in in- 
dustry to report at the next session. (This 
was gotten after a hard fight for a Minimum 
Wage and Maximum Hour Law.) 



In promoting its Americanization pro- 
gram, the Chicago Woman's City Club re- 
cently held an Ail-American Day demon- 
stration at the Hotel LaSalle. This was 
done as a climax to its summer classes in 
citizenship which have been held weekly 
since early in June. Scores of out-of-town 
club presidents were present to study the 
methods and take back to their home towns 
lessons bj' which they may help the foreign 
born of their own communities. , 



GLIMPSES INTO OTHER STATES 

In Alabama an educational fund of $35,000 
to remove illiteracy among soldiers of draft 
age is being raised by the club women of 
Alabama. The Alabama Illiteracy Commis- 
sion will have charge of the educational 
work, while the club women's part will be 
to help raise the money. 

Over one hundred young women have 
been helped by the Alabama state federa- 
tion to become self-supporting through its 
loan scholarship fund and its two univer- 
sity loans. 



Last year there seemed a marked tend- 
ency among some of the clubs in South 
Carolina to dispense with their literary 
programs in order to concentrate upon spe- 
cific war work. Now, however, these same 
clubs have come to realize that there is no 
more effective means of carrying on than 
by keeping the clubs intact, and that it is im- 
possible to sustain the club interest without 
interesting and stimulating programs. 

At the request of the State Federation an 
Illiteracy Commission was appointed by the 
Governor of South Carolina. The Chair- 
man of Education in the Federation and a 
former president serve as members of this 
board. The Illiteracy Commission will em- 
ploy a field worker who will carry propa- 
ganda from county to county. 



COMMEND SUNDAY FARM WORK 

Judges in Tennessee have refused to pun- 
ish persons accused of work on farms on 
Sundays, but have commended them for so 
doing. This was reported to the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture's recent farm labor con- 
ference in Birmingham, Ala. Not long ago 
the rural churches of Indiana, in a confer- 
ence at Purdue University, took the position 
that it is quite right and proper to do farm 
work on Sunday if that Sunday work is 
necessary to produce food crops to help 
whip Germany. 
— Washington Government Printing Office. 



ifiKtfiLfiifitfitf^ifiyiy;ifi!fibfi»ifi!fi!fi£fiEfiy^ifi'fi 







This sign is your guarantee of bis- 
cuit Purity and Perfection. It is 
the famous "Good Luck" Seal of 
the Pacific Coast Biscuit Company 
— makers of Swastika Brand — the 
best biscuits. Demand Swastikas! 



uiXtf^ifixxifiXtf^y^EfiifiifiwyFitf^uiifiyiWifitfi 



32 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



THE USE OF FOLK DANCING AS RECREATION IN 
A HEALTH PROGRAM 



Prepared by Elizabeth Burchenal, Chairman 

Organization Committee, American 

Folk Dance Society 



FOR THE WARTIME 

RECREATION DRIVE 



Conducted by the Children's Bureau of the 
United States Department of Labor and 
the Child Welfare Department of the 
Woman's Committee of the Council of 
National Defense. 



Folk dancing is quite definitely a thing 
apart from other kinds of dancing, and 
serves an entirely different purpose if used 
in its traditional form and spirit. The form 
of a folk dance is as definite as the words 
of a folk song, while the manner in which 
it is danced and the spirit, feeling and atti- 
tude of mind of the dancers are as definitely 
part of the dance as are the actual steps 
and figures. The "folk manner" is of utter 
simplicity and straightforwardness, with no 
attempt at "grace" or "daintiness." The 
feeling and attitude of mind is of simple 
pleasure in the dance itself. It is this un- 
studied simplicity and naivete, together 
with the compelling rhythm and vigor, that 
makes folk dancing so appealing to and ap- 
propriate for children. Its usefulness as a 
means of recreation, however, is by no 
means limited to children, for it presents 
large opportunities for recreation and social 
enjoyment for adults. 

The folk dances that lend themselves best 
to a recreation and health drive are those 
which may be classed in the same category 
with active games most desirable for the 
same purpose, i. e.. those in which large 
groups take part, which are easy to learn 
and to pass on to others, and which provide 
vigorous action, forgetfulness of self, keen 
interest and pleasure, team work and the 
social element. A large number of such 
game-dances selected from among the folk 
dances of many countries are available for 
immediate and practical use by leaders who 
have not necessarily had previous training. 
For these leaders the following suggestions 
are given: 

Hints on Folk Dancing (For Leaders) 

1. Let the teaching of folk dances be 
done as informally as possible, and with a 
minimum amount of explanation. In the 
main, thev can best be learned by doing 
them! 

2. Use dances which are full of action, 
simple and easy to understand and to pass 
on to others, and which are good fun. 
Choose those which have only the simplest 
steps (such as running, skipping, etc.), and 
simple and easily understood figures. Dif- 
ficult steps and elaborate figures mean too 
;much time spent in teaching, and not 
■enough in recreation. 



3. Have good and spirited music — this is 
an important factor in the successful use 
of folk dancing. Have a musician who is 
familiar with the dance and plays with in- 
viting rhythm and enthusiasm; or use a 
phonograph. These have been widely used 
throughout public school systems and else- 
where and have been found e.xtremely help- 
ful in developing the use of folk dancing 
as play. 

4. When a dance has been learned it 
should be used as a form of play for play's 
sake, on exactly the same basis as games 
are played. The leader can get best results 
by dropping the attitude of teacher and join- 
ing in the dance with her group. 

5. The test of success in a folk dance is: 
Is it interesting, in the game sense? 
Is everyone taking part, or are some 

standing idle? 
Do the children enjoy doing it by 

themselves when the leader is not 

with - them? 
Is it full of vigorous action? 
Do the children pass it on to others? 

6. The choice of dances should be left 
to the players, the leader merely suggesting, 
and the same dance may be used as long as 
it retains its interest. The leader should be 
ready with a new dance when interest in 
the old ones wanes. 

7. Avoid any suggestion to children that 
what they are doing is "cunning" or attrac- 
tive, or pleasing to spectators. Nothing is 
more interesting and beautiful than children 
dancing or playing, but once the "showing 
off" spirit is engendered the pleasure taken 
in it becomes that of appeal to the onlooker 
and self exploitation rather than that of a 
healthy game spirit. Bear in mind always 
the end in view, i. e., health and recreation 
for the children, rather than pleasure and 
amusement for spectators! To this end, 
avoid solo dancing (or dancing in small 
groups), fancy costumes, exhibitions — espe- 
cially on platform, or stage, or under con- 
ditions suggestive of anything but the play- 
ground atmosphere. 




Manufacturers of 
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Los Angeles, Cal. 



NOVEMBER, 1918 



33 



8. When a demonstration of folk danc- 
ing by children becomes necessary or advis- 
able care should be exercised to arrange it 
in such a form as to make the children as 
little conscious of themselves as possible. 
The following form is suggested: 

A Big Outdoor "Play Day" of folk dances 
and games given on a beautiful large grassy 
space which is kept clear for those taking 
part, only: and with a great number of 
children divided into groups dotted all over 
the field, taking part at the same time in 
every event. In this form of demonstration 
there is no "Grand Stand," the spectators 
being scattered in a thin line around the 
edge of the field. The space is so large and 
the numbers taking part so great that each 
group may have a happy informal play time 
and yet unconsciously contribute toward a 
wonderfully beautiful and moving spectacle. 
It is the size of the field, the numbers taking 
part and the atmosphere of happiness 
created, that makes this kind of an occasion 
the most appealing and efTective of all dem- 
onstrations. The simplest folk dances and 
singing games such as those listed below as 
"Suitable for Recreation" are most success- 
ful and effective for such an occasion. 
Folk Dances Especially Suitable for Recrea- 
tion in a Health Program 

The folk dances listed here are from many 
diflferent countries, and have been selected 
for their health and recreation values. 

The numbers in parentheses after the 
dances refer to publications, in which the 
music and descriptions may be found. These 
are listed numerically immediately follow- 
ing the dances. Phonograph (Victor) rec- 
ords of all the dances named are also avail- 
able. 

Singing Games (Extremely Simple) 

The Bridge of Avignon ( Sur le pent 
d' Avignon) (12); Carrousel (7), (14); Gus- 
taf's Skoal (2). (9). (14); I See You (7), 
(14): Nigarepolska ("Brownie" polska) 
(4), (14); Our Little Girls (2); Seven Pretty 
Girls (2). (10), (14). 

Dances (Simple and Vigorous) 

Come Let Us Be Joyful (2); The Crested 
Hen (2), (5); Farandole (3); Gathering 
Peascods (8); Gotlands Quadrille (2), (13): 
Gossiping UUa (4), (6); The Hatter (S), 
(10); Little Man in a Fix (5); Oxdans (7). 
(14); Reap the Flax (7). (14); Sappo (4), 
(6); Sellingers Round (11); Seven Tumps 
(2), (5): Stick Dance (5): Tarantella (7); 
Tinkers Dance (S). 

Dances (Especially Suitable for Patriotic 
and Social Use) 

.Arkans.T? Traveler (1); The Circle (1): 
Ladv of the Lake (1); Monev Musk (1); 
Old Dan Tucker (1); Virginia' Reel (1). 

Folk Dances of the Allies, for Patriotic 
Pageants and Plays 

.\s an integral part of a patriotic pageant 
or play the real folk dances of the various 
countries represented would have a logical 
place if given in their traditional form. Folk 
dances familiar to many through use as 
play and recreation might thus be fitted into 
a patriotic community celebration. 



The dances listed here are actual folk 
dances from the allied countries and would 
be recognized with emotion by natives of 
these countries. 

The numbers in parentheses refer to the 
publications containing the music and 
description, which are listed numerically in 
the accompanying bibliography. Phono- 
graph (Victor) records of the dances are 
available. 

1. United States of America 

The Circle (1); Old Dan Tucker (1); 
Arkansas Traveler (1); Money Musk (1); 
Virginia Reel (1). 

2. France 

Farandole (3); The Bridge of Avignon 
(Sur le pont d'Avignon) (12). 

3. Belgium 

Seven Jumps (2), (5); Ladita (11), (14). 

(It is not generally known that these are 
Belgian dances. The latter is known in 
Belgium as "Streep," but the music and 
dance is the same as that known in Sweden 
as "Ladita.") 

4. England 

Sellingers Round (11); Gathering Peas- 
cods (8). 

5. Italy 
Tarantella (7). 

6. Portugal 
Vira (IS). 

For the national anthem of all the Allies, 
see No. 16 of the bibliography. 



Bibliography of Publications Containing 

Music and Descriptions of Dances 

Listed Above 

No. — Title. Author. Publisher. Price. 

1. "American Country Dances" 

(Burchenal), G. Schirmer $1.50 

2. "Dances of the People" (Burch- 

enal), G. Schirmer 1.50 

3. "Farandole" (sheet form) (Burch- 

enal). G. Schirmer 20 

4. "Folk Dances and Games" (Craw- 

ford). A. S. Barnes 1.80 

5. "Folk Dances of Denmark" 

(Burchenal), G. .Schirmer 1.50 

6. "Folk Dances of Finland" 

(Burchenal), G. Schirmer 1.50 

7. "Folk Dances and Sin,gin.g Games" 

(Burchenal). G. Schirmer 1.50 

8. "Gathering Peascods" (shpet form) 

(SharpT, Novello (H. W. Gray) .10 

9. "Gustaf's Skoal" (^sheet form) 

(Burchenal), G. Schirmer 20 

(Continued on Page 34) 



It Pays to Trade 



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Store No. I— 215-221 South Main St. 

Store No. 2—500 Ml'. Washington St. 

Store No. 3 — Broadway atThird Street 

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34 



THE CLUBWOMAN 






PROTECTING THE PUBLIC 

The advertisement of foods and foodstuffs which appear in this and coming issues of 
The Clubwoman are from firms which have in every respect conformed to the rigid 
requirements laid down by the Department of Health, C. F. W. C, as a part of its pres- 
ent campaign for the protection of the public through the elimination of impure foods 
and food materials, In every case, before a food advertisement is accepted for the offi- 
cial magazine of the Federation, the plant or establishment is thoroughly inspected by a 
special committee named for the purpose by the Department of Health and composed 
of qualified experts on the subject. The appearance of such an advertisement in The 
Clubwoman is consequently prima facie evidence of purity, reliability and patronage 
worth. 

The work of the committee has now been extended to include the inspection of 
laimdries and other establishments whose work affects the public health. 

At the head of the department's committee of inspection in the South is Dr. Lulu 
H. Peters, M. D. 



BAKED MACARONI WITH TOMATO 
SAUCE AND AMERICAN CHEESE 

1 10-cent pkg. Golden Age Macaroni 914 cal. 

2 c. tomato sauce 374 " 

% lb. American cheese 498 " 

1 c. buttered bread crumbs 169 " 

1 t. butter for baking dish 33 " 



1988 cal. 



Slice cheese into small pieces, or grate. 
Mix with Macaroni and tomato sauce. Pour 
into buttered baking dish and sprinkle top 
with buttered bread crumbs (see page 29 
for buttered crumbs). Bake in hot oven 
10 minutes. 

SPAGHETTI ROYALE 

8 medium-sized fresh tomatoes or 400 cal. 

4 c. canned tomatoes 228 " 

3 T. finely chopped onion 9 " 

1 red pepper 

1 clove garlic 

1 T. finely choppedparsley 

1/4 t. salt 

6 canned mushrooms 1 inch in diam 

eter — sliced 28 " 

14 T. Worcestershire sauce 

4 oz. cheese, grated 498 " 



1 lb. round stead, ground 815 

1 10-cent pkg. Golden Age Spa- 
ghetti 911 



2489 or 2661 cal. 



Simmer meat with salt, pepper and 2 cups 
cold water for 40 minutes. Let tomatoes 
(skinned), onion, pepper, garlic, parsley and 
salt simmer until tomatoes are well cooked 
— about 25 minutes. Add seasoning, meat 
and Spaghetti. Serve with grated cheese. 



10. 



11. 



12. 



13. 



14. 
15. 



16. 



.20 



10 



20 



(Continued from Page 33) 
"The Hatter" (sheet form)(Burch- 

enal), G. Schirmer 

"Sellingers Round" (sheet form) 

(Sharp), Novello, (H. W. Gray) 
"Sur le Pont d'Avignon" (sheet 

form) (Burchenal), G. Schirmer 
"Sweedish Folk Dances" (Berg- 

quist), A. S. Barnes 1.60 

"Swedish Song Dances" (Kastman 

and Kohler), Ginn 1.50 

"Vira" (sheet form) (Burchenal), 

G. Schirmer 20 

"The National Anthems of the 

Allies," G. Schirmer 25 



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YE ALPINE TAVERN AND COTTAGES 

More Than SOOO Feet in Skyland 

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For your health^s sake spend a week or week-end at this famous resort in the 

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American Plan European Plan 

Housekeepinif Cottages 

Make Reservations at P. E. Information Bureau, Los Angeles 

FIVE TRAINS DAILY 

8, 9, 10 A.M., 1:30 and 4 P.M. 

PACIFIC ELECTRIC RAILWAY 





rs- J- L. Giliis, 
State Library , 

Sacrarrento , Cal. 







;">.. 







December^ 1918 
Vol. XL No. 3 



The Clubwoman 



Official Organ of the California Federation of Women's Clubs 

Composed of Over 40,000 Members 

PUBLISHED MONTHLY 



San Francisco, Cal. 
1942A Hyde St. 



OFFICES 
Hyde Park, Cal. Los Angeles, Cal. 

Box 3 Brack Shops 

Telephone 79638 Connecting All Departments 

DR. LOUISE HARVEY CLARKE, State Chairman and Southern Federation Editor, 1046 Orange St.. Riverside 
MISS JESSICA LEE BRIGGS, State Chairman and Northern Federation Editor, 1942A Hyde St., San Francisco 
MRS^ J. A. MATTHEWS, Club Representative, Brack Shops, Los Angeles 

Copy from the Clubs Must be Sent to the District Press Chairmen 

Subscription Price, Fifty Cents the year. Ten Cents the Copy 

Entered at the Hyde Park Postoffice as second-class matter. 

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THE CLUBWOMAN 




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5 



PEACE 



Dawn — dawn in the east! Dawn — dawn 

in the east! 
The trumpets of war have ceased! 
The flocks and herds on hill and plain 
Shall graze again! — 
Hark! — holy melody through all the 

land, — 
Each man shall take his brother by the 

hand 
And chorus in the mighty anthem ringing 
To skies above, — 

"Peace and love!" ''Peace and love!" 
Oh, countrv mine! Oh, countrv mine! 
We LIVE "for thee! We LIVE for thee! 

— Corinne B. Dodge. 



yrYiiTTrt'i7^irniirni!n^irr!WfiMjrriii7^it7^[Ffli??^iff^is^ii?=ffii^^ 



THE CLUBWOMAN 




MRS. HERBERT A. CABLE 
President of C. F. W. C. 



DECEMBER, 1918 



Cf)e iHntf)ers' Ci)anfesg:i\)tns 

Mrs. Herbert A. Cable, President C. F. W. C. 

An American mother's son, but a lad, went to France to fight for right and 
righteousness. 

During ail of his nineteen years, long to him, but so very short to her, 
she had never been separated from her boy. Every night she knew where 
his head would rest — every day she knew how his hours were spent, and 
always his comfort and his welfare were her chief concern. 

But now he had gone — gone with her full consent, and with pride and joy 
in his going, for he had justified and crowned her motherhood. 

He went with hundreds of others from the far West to the wonderful 
East where the ships were waiting — ships so beautiful and so brave once, now 
so menaced by danger and disaster. But so far as the mother knew he went 
alone. It was her boy who was going where she could not follow — it was lier 
boy who braved those perils, and it was her boy who would land in a strange 
country among people of strange customs and strange tongue. 

And every mile of the road bed travelled, and every wave by the ship 
traversed, she followed with waking thought and with haunted dream. And 
her sorrow was not for his going — she had only pride and happiness in that — 
but grief that her mother love could no longer serve him; when weary she 
could not provide him rest; when hungry and thirsty she could not give him 
to eat and to drink; when sick and wounded her hand could not soothe and 
heal. And this was her pain and her sacrifice. 

And then the letters came! 
. And the first told of all the other mothers of America — how they had 
crowded to the trains with fruit and with flowers, and with words of courage 
and of cheer; how tlie big house on the hill and the little house at the end of 
Hie street, had opened their doors, given of their best and shared their all with 
these their sons, and how this was repeated in every city and hamlet through- 
out the length and breadth of the land until it seemed that all America was 
one big home, and every mother was a mother to all. 

And the second letter was from England. The American boy's mother's 
friend had written home to the mother across the water that the American 
boy had gone to France to join humanity's army; and although the English 
mother had never seen the American mother or her boy and probably never 
will see either of them, she wrote that from that night the American boy's 
name would be added to the petition that went up nightly from that home to 
the Heavenly Father for his loving care and protection. And letters went to 
the boy. loving motherly letters from the English home, and when the time 
came that packages could not be sent from America, the English mother sent 
books and magazines and comforts across the English Channel and always 
spoke of her "American boy over there." 

And the third letter came from France. And it was tear stained and 
blurred. And the American mother could not read the words but her heart 
found comfort and peace for she understood its message. By it she knew 
thai even in the midst of warfare and bloodshed, on the battle field itself, 
where were loosed the mighty passions of hatred and strife, and strong men 
fought and struggled and died in ansuish and horror — that e\en- here a 
mother's love followed her boy. And this time it was a French mother's lovintr 
hand and tender heart which ministered to the American boy as his spirit was 
passing; a mother of still another land who whispered last words of comfort 
and cheer, whose eyes held his bravely as the earthly light failed and the 
heavenly light dawned for him, and whose heart breathed the prayer which 
bore his brave spirit upward to God. 

And then came Yictory and Peace! 

And the mother heart of the world has visioned a new and lasting Peace — 
and its new name is Love. 

"And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the 
heavenly host praising God, and saying, 

"Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will 
toward men." 

"For behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which 
shall be to all people." 



THE CLUBWOMAN 




MRS. JOSIAH EVANS COWLES 
President G. F. W. C. 



DECEMBER, 1918 



AMERICANIZATION 



'I AM AN AMERICAN" 



By Mrs. JOSIAH EVANS COWLES, 
President G. F. W. C. 



The General Federation of Women's 
Clubs is actively working for Americaniza- 
tion. One of the recommendations en- 
dorsed at the New York Biennial, in 1916, 
was for the continuance of effort for the 
.\mericanization of the immigrant. This 
work, which contributes so largely to the 
spirit of national unit\-, has been going on 
steadily. 

At the Board Meeting, held in Chicago 
last September, upon the recommendation 
of Mrs. O. Shepard Barnum. Chairman of 
the Department of Education, a sub-com- 
mittee on .Americanization was added to 
her Department. 

W'e are most fortunate in having for 
Chairman of this very important sub-com- 
mittee. Mrs. Frank A. Gibson of Los .An- 
geles, a woman who is known, not only in 
California, but nationally as well, for her 
vision and practical good sense in this 
cause. 

The following .Americanization Resolu- 
tion was unanimously adopted by the Gen- 
eral Federation Board, viz.: 

WHERE.AS. The greatest need in 
.America today is the conservation, de- 
velopment, and absorption of .American 
ideals of National. Civic, and Social 
Life, particularly among the foreign 
born, with the end in view of securing 
a United .America, and 

WHERE.AS. Certain departments of 
the G. F. W. C. have included the sub- 
ject of .Americanization in their pro- 
gram of work, and 

WHEREAS, It is the desire of the 
eleven department chairmen to combine 
on one special line of work for which 
the need has been emphasized by the 

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED. 
That the chairmen of the eleven de- 
partments of work of the G. F. W. C. 
co-ordinate and unify their work for 
.\mericanization during this Biennial 
period and urge their State chairmen 
to carry on this work in the various 
States according to the needs of each 
local community. 

Among the many facts revealed by the 
recent Registration and Draft, not the least 
significant is this: that, simply to reside in 
.America and to breathe the air of freedom, 
does not necessarily make good Americans. 

.American ideas and ideals must be in- 
terpreted to the foreign born, to the native- 
born foreigner, and to their children, 
through every available channel. This is 
work in which all patriotic women should 
enlist. There is no age limit, neither need 
one travel far to find a field for service. 

Let us be good interpreters and neighbors 
to the strangers in our midst! 



-As he sat up in bed. wrapped in a crazy- 
quilt of many colors, with paper crown set 
rakishly upon his head, drawing pictures, 
he looked, with his aristocratic features, 
every inch a little king — some movie king 
perhaps from the Never-Never Land, a king 
much the worse for wear, so frail, so beau- 
tiful and so poised. 

".Are you Spanish or Italian or Portu- 
guese?'" asked a visitor of Domingo — for 
he has the clear olive skin and the big 
smoldering black eyes of the Latin. 

"I don't know that kind of words," he 
answered. ' I am an American and I go to 
Lazear school." — Georgia Graves Bordwell 
in Oakland Tribune. 




-A Peerless Dinner Wagon in oak, mahog- 
any or walnut — patterned with fine Windsor 
turnings, in harmony with any tj-pe of furni- 
ture. 

It rolls swiftly, whirls lightly and glides 
smoothly over small rugs — all "silent as the 
moon"! Comes three ways — with leaves, 
with drawer or plain (as pictured). Priced, 
the latter way, $26 at Barker Bros. 



10 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



EDITORIAL NOTES 
CHRISTMAS GREETINGS TO THE FEDERATION 

as regards wages and hours is not in our 
power except as we influence public opinion. 
That power lies with the great world ot 
industry. 

In the new reconstruction program the 
immigrant is more positively than ever be- 
fore the "hewer of wood and drawer of 
water" — so Americanization of industry 
must be accomplished before education can 
do its perfect work. 



Good Will to Men 

Never before in all the history of women's 
clubs have there been such years of selfless 
service. Never has organization meant so 
much. From the directing officer down 
through all the divisions went the word 
"your place is there," and almost never 
did you fail to respond. 

Far from being irksome or wearying, you 
have found through the giving an elation 
of spirit, an invigoration, a satisfaction that 
makes the Christmas-tide just a little more 
supreme than every hour that has gone be- 
fore. 

Good will to men has been in your 
thoughts, and in your deeds every day, and 
after the experience of the richness of life 
that is the reward of Service, you will be 
eager to continue in the great work that 
must follow. America has sufi^ered least, 
so she is best able to give, to give gener- 
ously for reconstruction abroad and recon- 
struction at home. 

May the Christmas Season bring to you 
life's choicest gifts. 

Good Will to Men. 



WHY DEPEND ON WAR TO DO IT? 



Our Task 

Following world events, this number of 
the Clubwoman is prepared by the State De- 
partment of Education and is devoted to Na- 
tional Unity, particularly as affected by Ed- 
ucation. The decision was made just two 
weeks before going to press and the material 
has been swiftly assembled — too swiftly for 
the reception of articles now on the way from 
Eastern experts. Club women of the state 
have responded promptly and their articles 
show that they are wide awake and pre- 
pared to guide the Federation in the "con- 
servation, development, and absorption of 
American ideals with the view of securing 
a United America" — a great task in which 
the Federation must take its full share, 
and take it gallantly; a task that it cannot 
accomplish alone, but to which it must wel- 
come all agencies, both public and private; 
a task that it cannot perform if it must work 
among a people who are not content; a task 
that it cannot accomplish without full 
knowledge of the social and industrial con- 
ditions under which the immigrant must 
work — the condition fundamental to suc- 
cessful education. 

When five or six families are huddled 
in one dilapidated shack, without beds, with- 
out a cook stove, without enough to eat, 
without the necessities to keep clean. — 
and it takes a twelve-hour day to provide 
this — what can education do? Nothing. 
There is no energy, no desire, no time. 
There is malnutrition, there is soddenness, 
there is discontent. To change conditions 



Ernest P. Clarke, 
President State Board of Education 

In a recent issue of the Saturday Even- 
ing Post, Irvin Cobb pays a striking tribute 
to the effectiveness of army training as a 
means of Americanization. He says: 

"I saw the foreign-born Jews and Italians 
and Slavs of New York's East Side, called 
for service in the first draft." 

"I saw them three months later. The 
stoop was coming out of their spines, the 
shamble out of their gait. They had learned 
to hold their heads up — to look every man 
in the face, and wear their uniforms with 
pride. Three short months had transformed 
them from a rabble into soldier stuff — from 
strangers into Americans." 

"After nine months I saw them once 
more, in France. For snap, for smartness 
in drill, for good humor on the march, for 
dash and deviltry in fighting, our army can 
show no better nor more gallant warriors." 

That is fine. But why depend on war to 
do this work? If the Jews, and Italians and 
Slavs, have been transformed from strang- 
ers into Americans by a few months train- 
ing in the army cantonments, and a few 
months service in France, why should not 
that work of transformation be going on 
at home all the time? Instead of feeling 
proud over the work, which the army train- 
ing has done, ought we not to be made hum- 
ble at the realization that war training was 
imperative, before these men had any con- 
ception of what the stars and stripes stand 
for? 

And how about their fathers and moth- 
ers, brothers and sisters at home, and the 
millions like them who will be coming? 
Shall we leave them to grow up as these 
men had grown up? 

If we are to meet this issue we must not 
wait until these Jews, Italians and Slavs 
and multitudes of others have come to 
military age. We must reach them earlier 
in life and carry home to them the lessons 
of loyalty to the democracy for which we 
have given our treasure and blood. 

Shall we do this or shall we wait for an- 
other war to arouse us to our duty? 



DECEMBER, 1918 



11 




Mrs. E. D. Knight, General Federation Jessica Briggs, Press Chairman and Editor 

State Secretary C. F. W. C, Northern Press Syndicate 




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Trefousse Gloves 
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12 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



EDUCATION FOR NATIONAL UNITY 



Mrs. O. SHEPARD BARNUM, 
Chairman Dept. of Education, G. F. W. C. 



As we look forward, ready for rapid edu- 
cational readjustment, let us first give 
thanks. Let us give due meed of praise to 
our American system of public education, 
and recognize that nothing of like extent 
and opportunity has ever before been at- 
tempted in the history of nations. Let us 
be thankful also that we never again need 
be over-awed by the boldest foreign "Kul- 
tur." Our boys, fresh from our democratic 
schools and colleges, have triumphantly met 
the supreme test of war, — in physical vigor, 
in scientific skill, in resourceful leadership, 
in the sublime heights of spiritual heroism. 
They have put to rout the shock troops of 
an empire whose "efficient" education had 
war as its aim and end. Our Republic has 
nothing to fear from foes without while its 
peace-loving young civilians can swiftly be- 
come super-soldiers! 

For national unity, amid existing world 
upheaval, we must at once remedy the se- 
rious exceptions in our theoretically uni- 
versal system. We have been buoyantly 
oblivious of thousands — even millions — as 
3'et untaught.* We have ignored the omin- 
ous inequality and future inefficiency indi- 
cated by the fact that half our school chil- 
dren leave at about the sixth grade. We 
must increase the extent of our schooling 
until it reaches every American, rich or 
poor, urban or rural, child or adult, man or 
woman, native or foreign born. Every sin- 
gle exception is a private tragedy and a 
public menace. How can we make each 
other believe this? Who will invent a men- 
tal depth bomb that will shock every com- 
munity into "sinking without a trace" the 
lurking submarine of unjustly neglected ig- 
norance? 

Furthermore, our American education 
must become genuinely democratic in con- 
tent as well as extent. The public path from 
kindergarten through professional college 
is now open and well trod. This means 
not equality but rankling class privilege un- 
less other paths are as readily and contin- 
uously open from kindergarten — and Home 
Teachers in foreign colonies — through every 
form of training school, — industrial, agri- 
cultural, technical, artistic. These voca- 
tional opportunities must actually exist for 
every individual in every community — not 
be dimly dreamed except in a few favored 
localities. 



There is a subtler educational problem^ 
one that would be baffling if America were 
not fortunately constituted. As a nation 
we are very young — however precocious — 
and hitherto we have been easily sustained 
by boundless youthful enthusiasm and nat- 
ural resources. In this war we have sud- 
denly grown up, and have assumed heavy 
responsibilities in the world. Many of the 
essentials of stability — and stability is the 
sine qua non of unity — we do not under- 
stand, nor can our Edisons invent them for 
us. They comprise the art of living, the ac- 
cumulated wisdom of the ages, and must 
be gained by appreciative contact with peo- 
ples of age-old races, whose survival 
through many centuries proves them past 
masters in the essentials of stability. Cal- 
low countries may perish in their callow- 
ness, or gradually learn by visiting old- 
world seats of civilization. America, fortu- 
nately, has in her midst peoples from all 
these ancient and honored races — in fact 
the best of each race, self chosen by their 
search for freedom. Consequently, Amer- 
ica has an infinite educational opportunity, 
if she will add to her youthful vigor, and 
her universal schooling, the age-old wisdom 
of her foreign born, — their culture, not 
stored in books but in brains, in artistic 
sensibilities, in delicately skilled fingers, in 
patient hearts, in habits of cheerful thrift 
and industry, in instinctive family solidar- 
ity, in nobly fitting social customs, in rich 
joy for living — on a simple, solid founda- 
tion. 

Our philosophy of existence has been 
clarified — even by cataclysm — and now re- 
veals, at their true value, life and the sim- 
ple things that sustain life — food, shelter, 
clothing, comfort, security; now exalts su- 
premely those spiritual things which bless 
life, service, sympathy, sacrifice, compan- 
ionship, righteousness, worship. Let us 
give this clarified life philosophy to every 
one in our schools today, then on the mor- 
row it will be in every home, and every 
home will be a stable link in national unity. 
And "may the spirit of God" be with us all 
as all "sons of the flag advance." 

*Note: "There are 700,000 men registered for 
army service who cannot read or write. In the 
second registration it is estimated that the number 
will be increased to 2,000,000." — Children Year 
Leaflet. 



DECEMBER, 1918 



13 



TO THE WOMEN OF 
AMERICA 

During the movement of a nation from 
a war basis to a peace basis, great changes 
must inevitably take place, changes eco- 
nomic, industrial, social. No thinking per- 
son can expect that the change will be al- 
together back to a pre-war basis. The 
women can be no more relieved from their 
obligation to see that those changes make 
for a richer heritage, healthier environment 
and freer opportunity for their children 
than they were from their obligation, now 
faithfullj' performed, to see that their sol- 
dier sons had every protection, physical and 
moral, thrown about them, both in the camp 
and on the liring line. They cannot neglect 
their duty to the sons and daughters of the 
men who will not come back to them, nor 
can they meet the returning soldiers with 
anything less than an honest, "VVe have 
done all we promised you." 

For all these reasons it is imperative that 
there shall be no demobilization of the 
woman povjer of America. It must remain 
organized, equipped and ready for action. 
We do not know the program that will be 
laid before us; we cannot say what our part 
in it will be. There will be those things 
that women have ever held dear: the safe- 
guarding of little children, the education of 
youth, the health of a people and such great 
tasks as supplying to every willing worker, 
a job, and providing for the whole world, 
food. But what we do know is: There can 
be no great performance in which women 
do not play a part. 

Our present duty, then, is to emulate our 
brothers and sons in France. There the 
men wait with vigilance as keen as ever, 
ready to spring to action at the word of 
command, whether that word be to attack 
the enemy again, or to garrison a van- 
quished foe. We, no more than they, are 
mustered out. 

Faithfully, 

(Signed) ANNA HOWARD SHAW, 

Chairman Women's Committee, Council of 

National Defense. 



AN AUGUST CONCEPTION 

Samuel Taylor Coleridge, poet and essay- 
ist, writing some 75 years ago, said: 

"The possible destiny of the United States 
of America as a Nation of a hundred million 
of free men, stretching from the Atlantic to 
the Pacific, living under the laws of Alfred 
and speaking the language of Shakespeare 
and Milton, is an august conception." 

The United States is now a Nation of a 
hundred million and more, stretching from 
the Atlantic to the Pacific, and reaching out 
east takes in Hawaii and the Philippines, in 
the north Alaska, and in the south the 
Panama Canal. But grander than its phys- 
ical is its moral greatness. Its fairness and 
justice, its courage and power, its mainte- 
nance of right and freedom cover the world. 



The Gift 
Suggestion 
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Ready as never before with a specialized 
collection of practical Gift Merchandise 
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Gift Problems — no matter how great or 
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A collection made by those who have knowl- 
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in this very same helpful work. 

It was this knowledge of your needs that 
collected, this Gift Merchandise from a 
whole store full of Gifts, so that you might 
be saved time and indecision. 

Here are Gift Suggestions for those who 
have much as well as for those who have 
little to spend — Gifts for the tiny New 
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Gifts that are unique and others that are 
inexpensive yet as desirable as you would 
have them be — This is a Gift Suggestion 
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Call upon it as your Christmas need may 
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3rd floor 

LBsAngmMs 



14 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



AMERICANIZATION THROUGH THE SCHOOLS 

By MARGARET S. McNAUGHT, 
Commissioner of Elementary Schools 



President Wilson, in summoning the intel- 
ligence and patriotism of the country to 
confront the issues of the war-changed 
world, said, "In these vital tasks of acquir- 
ing a broader view of human possibilities, 
the common school must have a large part. 
I urge that teachers and other officers in- 
crease materially the time and attention 
devoted to instruction bearing directly on 
the problems of community and national 
life." 

Among the most important of these prob- 
lems is that of teaching Americanism in 
the new meaning the war has given to it; 
or as President Wilson stated it, "the new 
emphasis which war has given to ideals of 
democracy." 

.\mericanism means patriotism, not jingo- 
ism; service, not conquest; S3'mpath3^ not 
pride; equality, not dominance; clemocrac3', 
not anarchy; humanitj', not intolerance; not 
hatred to any, but love for all. It means 
that the various races that make up our 
population shall feel themselves parts of a 
common citizenship, "distinct as the waves, 
but one as the sea"; and that their loyalty, 
giving honor to the heroes and the martyrs 
of Liberty of every race, shall be of the 
spirit as well as of the land. 

This new meaning of Americanism makes 
necessary for the schools a reconstruction 
in school administration, in school studies, 
in school methods. 

In California it means we shall have 
unity in education from the kindergarten to 
the university. There is now a wide break 
between the elementary school and the high 
school. 

Second. We shall have a county unit 
sj'stem of school administration providing 
more nearly equal opportunity for all chil- 
dren. 

Third. There will be a closer relation- 
ship between the homes and the schools. 
Help will be given steadily and sympathet- 
ically to the Home Teachers already in 



service and effort will be made to provide 
them wherever needed. 

Fourth. The work of physical education 
and measures to ensure better conditions 
of sanitation and hygiene will receive atten- 
tion. 

Fifth. Children of school age will be 
kept in school and the tendency will be to 
increase the minimum period of school life. 

Si-xth. Junior Red Cross work, provid- 
ing a highly ethical motive for all service, 
will become a part of the regular school 
work. 

Seventh. The teaching of civics and pa- 
triotism will be direct; the children will be 
trained in as well as for citizenship. 

Eighth. Music has demonstrated its 
power, and will no longer be considered 
merelj' a cultural subject. 

In fact, all school subjects will be taught 
differently because of the different point of 
view. 

Clubwomen can help to hasten the new 
democracy bj' taking an intelligent and ac- 
tive interest in the work of the schools, 
and by furthering right legislation. 
Conclusion 

In conclusion it will be well to recall that 
during the war the voice of the people 
summoned the schools to the tasks of the 
time not less potently than that of the 
President himself. In almost every issue 
except that of actual battle, the aid of the 
schools was asked and given. From the 
schools as from radiant centers went forth 
influences for good throughout the nation. 

With equal will and work will like re- 
sponse be given by the schools to every 
such summons in the future, and. if they 
can count upon the cordial cooperation of 
clubwomen, the success of future service 
will be such that we may say with Tenny- 
son; 

"What is done is but the earnest of the 
things they j'et shall do." 



Exclusively at Coulter's in Los Angeles 

Lady Duff-Gordon Gowns and Dresses 

Original models of wondrous charm and individuality, for street, afternoon 
and formal wear. ^29.50 and more. 




SEVENTH STREET AT OLIVE 



DECEMBER, 1918 



IS 



FOOD THE BASIS OF 
RECONSTRUCTION 



By Mrs. ROBERT J. BURDETTE, 
Director of Food Conservation. 

It is true of nations as of individuals that 
before any reconstruction of conditions can 
avail much, the physical should be nour- 
ished, the mental quickened, the vital life 
renewed. Therefore, food must be the 
basis of reconstruction. The human life of 
the nations must be revived and made cap- 
able of sustained activity before reconstruc- 
tion, governmental, social or economic, can 
be made stable. To quote President Wilson 
on his stand of provisioning the countries: 

"It ought presently to be possible to lift 
the fear of utter misery from the oppressed 
populations and set their minds and ener- 
gies free for the great and hazardous task 
of political reconstruction which now faces 
them on every hand. Hunger does not 
breed reform; it breeds madness and all the 
ugly distempers that make an ordered life 
impossible." 

We are bound by Mr. Hoover's pledge 
at the .-Mlied Food Conference in London 
to meet the requirements of the Allies by 
the voluntary economy of our people. Be- 
cause the war is ended, we are not released 
from the pledge to feed these people until 
another harvest, and in addition, we now 
have a splendid opportunity and obligation 
of meeting the needs of millions of people 
in the hitherto occupied territory who are 
facing actual starvation; and we must also 
participate in the preservation of the new 
liberated nations. It is a self-evident fact 
that all must be fed before they can be re- 
organized, rehabilitated or re-constructed. 

That food ma}- be found in the markets 
for purchase by government representa- 
tives, it is necessary that we increase pro- 
duction and increase conservation. There 
must be no relaxation of the latter. I can- 
not better stimulate the realization of the 
necessity for continued conservation at this 
moment — at this hour, than to quote Prem- 
ier Lloyd George: 

"We must have reconstruction when we 
have the lessons of the war fresh in our 
minds. We must reconstruct when the 
national limbs are supple with endeavor 
and before they become stiff with repose 
and slumber, and 'you must reconstruct 
when you see you have behind you the great 
spirit of patriotism and sacrifice which has 
been raised from the depths of human na- 
ture in every house and every breast in this 
land. You must reconstruct when you have 
got behind you the momentum of victory 
to carry you through to an even greater 
triumph. That is why the whole field of 
national enterprise, of national endeavor 
and national resource and of material well- 
being is being examined carefulh' with a 
view to immediate action before that great 
spirit grows cold in the frigid atmosphere 
of self-interest. Let us have it when tlie 



nation is riding the chariot of a high pur- 
pose ere it comes down to the dusty road. 
That is the time to reconstruct, that is the 
time to build; when there is fraternity 
throughout the land, when there is no 
longer rich and poor of one party or an- 
other, but one people." 



PUBLICATIONS OF THE COMMIS- 
SION OF IMMIGRATION AND 
HOUSING OF CALIFORNIA 
Bearing Upon Americanization 

1. Americanization — The California Pro- 
gram. 

2. Immigrant Education Leaflets, Num- 
bers 1, 2, 3 and 4. 

3. The Spirit of the Nation (Song Book). 

4. Patriotic Exercises (A Program). 

5. The Home Teacher Manual. 

6. A Discussion of Methods of Teaching 
English. 

7. Americanization of Foreign-born 
Women. 

8. .\ Primer for Foreign-speaking Wom- 
en. 

9. Report on Fresno's Immigration 
Problem. 

10. An -\-B-C of Housing. 

11. A Plan for a Housing Survey. 

12. State Housing Manual. 

13. Camp Sanitation and Housing. 

14. Suggestions for Speakers. 

Free upon application to any office of the 
Commission. 



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724 TO 738 SOUTH BROADWAY 



16 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



CHILDREN'S YEAR 
RECONSTRUCTION 
MOVEMENT 



A 



THE IMMIGRANT 
MADONNA 



DR. ADELAIDE BROWN, 
Chairman of Children's Year 

Although the National Children's Year 
Program sprang into being as an effort to 
check the loss in child life and the exploita- 
tion of childhood through the lowered stand- 
ards following a long war, it has in it funda- 
mental principles which make its contribu- 
tion equally great in a Program of Re-con- 
struction. 

The lessons from the many physical ex- 
aminations in schools, settlements, and 
those of the adult male population in the 
draft, show us that the standard of physical 
development in America is not high. More 
intelligent guidance of the family nutrition 
from birth through adolescence, is the duty 
of the American mother. Not catering to 
whims, but establishing good habits of 
choice of diet, should be her standard. 

With a sound body, — minor defects recog- 
nized and corrected — the American child at 
six approaches its formal education. Al- 
ready in the hands of the mother character 
training should be well established. Re- 
spect for property, concentration in the ac- 
complishment of play as well as work, or- 
derliness in his own environment, are les- 
sons the child can learn under six, which 
are invaluable in adult life. . 

With a sound body and mental training of 
this type, the child approaches that great 
American institution, — the public school. 
The Children's Year Program emohasizes 
the right of every child to education, and 
in California we hope to accomplish an edu- 
cation extending to sixteen years of age. 
"Physically and Mentally Fit" is the slogan 
for Children's Year, and around it Child 
Hygiene, Recreation and Education gather 
to build up the result. School attendance is 
laxly enforced in California. Living out- 
side a 2-mile circle around a school excuses 
parents from giving the privilege of educa- 
tion to the child. 

Illiteracy, as shown up by the draft, and 
lack of understanding of the English lan- 
guage, shocked our citizenship. Can we not 
resolve in California to have no child under 
sixteen out of school who is physically able 
to attend school, and no child employed 
during the ages when its education should 
be going on, and thus build up for our State 
a growing American citizenship in which 
none of these defects, physical and mental, 
can be found? 



This Christmastide, America, I bring to you 

my son. 
My baby son. 

He comes with little heritage. 
But his eyes are clear, his body strong. 
He is ready for you to do with him what 

what you will. 

What will you? 
Will you use him hurriedly for your quick 

ends? 
And will you then discard him because he is 

worn out — and still a foreigner? 
Or will you teach him, watch him grow, and 

help him to be one of you. 
To work with you for those great things 

you seek? 

He is my son, America, 

And all my treasure. 

I bring him here to you — 

And you, what will you do with him? 




There is a great deal of interest for the ad- 
mirer of the beautiful in the California Fur- 
niture Co.'s interesting gift section. 
Selections for this department are made per- 
sonally by Mr. A. H. Voigt, president of 
the company, and constitute the unusual 
gathered up here and there wherever his 
critical search may reveal them. 
The dinner wagon illustrated is one of thirty 
or more styles shown by the "California" 
and the nest of tables is likewise photo- 
graphed direct from one of the many un- 
usual offerings on their floors. 
Although there is a distinctive character 
to the offerings of the "California," and 
home furnishing accessories of superior 
character only are shown, readers of the 
Clubwoman may rest assured that they will 
obtain at the "California" values which will 
compare favorably with the most sensa- 
tional offerings of other stores. 



DECEMBER, 1918 



17 



WHERE SHALL AN 

AMERICANIZATION 

PROGRAM BEGIN? 



By ETHEL RICHARDSON 

What should be our first step in an 
Americanization program? 

A young Greek lad. George Popoulos. 
who had been cheated bj- his American at- 
tornej- out of all the monej- due him in 
damages recovered from a serious accident, 
attempted to get justice from the American 
government through its city and county 
representatives. 

Like most of the residents of our foreign 
quarters, he spoke English very haltingly 
and was difficult to understand. And like 
most of us who have had little opportunity 
to learn, he knew nothing of American ju- 
dicial methods or court procedure. 

He did know about the police and that 
if he cheated or stole money, a representa- 
tive of the law in the form of a policeman 
would look after him. So he made his first 
appeal at the police station. He was dis- 
couraged at the outset by his countrj^men 
who said "Oh, they won't do nothin' for a 
Greek: you'll get thrown out of the office 
in five minutes." 

However, he went with two other 
Greeks, whose English was better than his. 
and, whom he paid for the time they lost 
from their work. They told their tale. Pop- 
oulos breaking in with corrections and ex- 
planations and imploring the officer behind 
the desk. "You arrest that man, he cheat." 

The officer became utterly bewildered, 
but accustomed to the '"mix up of these for- 
eigners." he finally burst out. "I don't 
know nothing about it, }'Ou'd better go to 
the district attorney." In vain, they be- 
sought his interest. He couldn't understand 
their excited explanations and fearing that 
the prestige of his office was at stake, he 
ordered them out with threats of force. 

The two friends advised Popoulos to give 
it up. but his rage and disgust knew no 
bounds, so he went alone to the district 
attorney. This was more difficult because 
he could not speak clearly at best and his 
emotions were violent. The clerk regarded 
the whole matter as something of a joke 
until George complained of his treatment 
at the police station and then the clerk 
turned on him. "Didn't he know the police 
represented the American government? 
Did he know what was done with anarcft- 
ists and trouble-makers." "Let him be care- 
ful or he will find himself in jail for the 
night!" Threats held no fears for Popoulos: 
he began his story again but received 
a scant hearing and the clerk finally told 
him he was in the wrong place anyhow, 
this was no case for the district attorney: 
he should go to the city prosecutor. 

George began to feel the need of recourse 
to fists. However, he ran to the city hall 
to be there before closing time. 



He tried to tell his storj-, but was contin- 
ually interrupted by various men and wom- 
en who were given precedence and a polite 
hearing. At last the man in authority turned 
with impatience and told him to "go ahead." 
He had only gotten well into a list of his 
grievances when he was stopped. 

"Look ahere, I am getting sick of a lot of 
you dagoes runnin' around tryin' to get 
money out of white men. If you'd stay 
home and do your work it would be a lot 
better. I ain't got time to listen to a lot a' 
junk, the best thing for you is to get a job 
and mind your own business." Recrimina- 
tions and pleading followed and Popoulos 
was finally ordered out. 

This true story can be repeated in ever}- 
foreign colony. 

A Russian, who had been seven years 
in this country, dropped into a chair with a 
sigh and said to the writer in the Com- 
mission of Immigration and Housing, "This 
is the first office I've ever been in, in 
America, where I was treated decent and 
anything done for me." 

Where shall an Americanization program 
begin? When we begin to live our ideals, 
when America is really represented by her 
public officials, it will be easier to win the 
devotion of her newest inhabitants. 




We ■wish The Clubwoman 
a very happy Christmas 
and a most successful 
year. May you have what 
every business institution 
hopes for — return to nor- 
mal conditions plus pros- 
perity. 



Newcomb's Corset Shop 

623 S. Broadway 



18 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



THE A B C OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM 
OF THE C F. W. C. 



Mrs. FRANK A. GIBSON, 
Chairman of Education — C. F. W. C. 



The program of the Department of Edu- 
cation is a program to promote national 
unity. It is simple, but it has infinite possi- 
bilities. 

It asks for a Committee on Education in 
each club. 

It directs the efforts of clubs toward three 
subjects — 

School finance, School attendance, 

Americanization. 

Committees On Finance 

a. The proper support of the schools is 
fundamental. 

b. There must be a fund large enough to 
provide education for every man, wom- 
an and child who needs it. 

c. The money comes from the tax-payer. 
He must be educated to know what 
he is paying for, and why. 

d. The county apportionment is made 
by the Supervisors, according to the 
expressed sentiment of their constitu- 
ents. 

e. Clubs are organizations of voters and 
tax-payers. They have club, county, 
district and state opportunities for ex- 
pression and publicity. 

f. Every club in California should have, 
as speakers, the school officials of the 
state, county and city — they will then 
know which are worth financing and 
which are worth replacing. 

g. With proper funds kindergartens and 
nurseries may be provided; evening 
schools and Home Teachers may be 
maintained as well as Vocational and 
Home Economics classes; salaries will 
keep pace with the cost of living, and 
thus save the best teachers to the 
schools. 

The Committees on Finance can be fully 
occupied in educating themselves, and the 
tax-payers, before the Supervisors make 
their next budget in September. 

Committees on School Attendance 

"In a Mexican neighborhood within less 
than three miles of a government military 
camp, in May of this year, in a canvas of 
22 homes. 50 children were found — only four 
of whom were attending school. In these 
homes the English language is not used or 
understood. The bread-winner understands 
barely the few words necessary in his labor; 
often not even one member of the family 
can read any language. Hidden from sight 
in the brush, and associating only with each 
other these families are, after years of resi- 
dence in Los Angeles County, still as ig- 
norant of our civilization as before com- 
ing here." 



If the clubs near the Balloon Station had 
had Committees on Attendance automo- 
biles would have covered the Mexican ter- 
ritory, 46 more children would have been in 
school, 22 homes would have been in touch 
with wholesome American life and the 
Committee would have learned (a) some- 
thing of the perplexity of trying to be 
friendly and informing without a common 
language, (b) something of the handicaps 
of the Mexicans, (c) above all it would have 
decided to open up Americanization oppor- 
tunities for 22 families. 

Committees on Americanization 

Now that the war is over, the Peace Con- 
ference about to begin, reconstruction plans 
to the fore, there is as great reason as in 
wartime for the united work of women — 
necessity that women of the allied coun- 
tries shall understand each other. 

(a) Clubs should make advances to lead- 
ers in the national groups and ask 
their advice and assistance in the pro- 
motion of national unity. 

(b) Men and women from the Allied 
countries have been eagerly sought 
for programs — perhaps there are local 
speakers who have a message — 
speakers who only need discovering. 

(c) In Music, Art, Dancing and the 
Drama, the foreign-speaking women 
may be featured on programs — to the 
advantage of both. 

(d) Each Club in California— SOO of them 
— should invite foreign-speaking 
women to form sections devoted to 
recreation, to music, — the universal 
language, — to folk dancing, to any of 
the federation activities — to sneaking 
our language and understanding the 
new world-partnership. 



When war broke out, or when it was 
declared w-e were at war. the sixth of April, 
1917, there was but one organization that 
held the key to the front door of every 
home in the land. There was just one way 
in which the spirit of America, speaking 
through the lips of the President of the 
United States, could summon to the colors 
everybody. That organization is the great- 
est in the world, I believe — the laboratory 
of good citizenship, the melting pot within 
the melting pot. called the Public School 
System of "the United States. — Mary C. C. 
Bradford. President National Education As- 
sociation. 1917. 

Mrs. Bradford has just accepted the 
chairmanship of the Peace Committee in 
the Department of Education, G. F. W. C. 



DECEMBER, 1918 



19 




"Martha JJ'ash iiigtoit " 
and other convenient 
u-ork tables, $12.50 up. 




.Mahoi^any magacine or 
book stands, siniihir to 
illustration, $11.00 and 
uf. 



y^ 



The ^^Cdlifomid 
Presents Many 
Unusual Gifts 
for the Home 



Clubwomen are particularly invited to come 
and enjoy the many interesting gift sugges- 
tions for the home which the "California" has 
so thoughtfully gathered. 

There are scores and scores of appropriate gift 
pieces here in distinctive furniture and in home 
furnishing accessories, priced from as little as 
a dollar or so up into the hundreds. 

Our Gift Section on the mezzanine abounds 
in delightful gift suggestions such as are not 
generally shown. 

(Ealiforma ^furniture Co. 



BROADWAY Near Seventh 
Interior Decorators 



644-646 




Distinctive nezv 
floor standard 
lamps. $12.50 up; 
correct shades to 
match. 



Beautiful zvriting 
desks and 'writing 
tables, $16.50 up; 
chairs and stools 
to match. 




20 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



CATCHING UP WITH THE DOGCATCHER 



By Mrs. ROGER J. STERRETT 



Once upon a time, as recorded by one 
Wm. R. Tanner, it may have been as long 
ago as 1918. a fabulous city that nature 
had crowned with every charm, paid its 
dogcatchers $1080 for the first year of serv- 
ice, $1100 the second year, and $1200 there- 
after. 

It paid its elementary teachers $820 the 
first year. $860 the second year, and the 
tenth year the teacher caught up with the 
dogcatcher. 

The dogcatcher handled on an average 
12 cases per day. The teacher handled 30 
cases. 

About $20,000 a year depended upon the 
efficiency of 10 dogcatchers. The fate of 
civilization depended upon the work of the 
elementary teachers. 

Moral: 

There is no moral to this true story 

which reads like a fable. It isn't moral. 

Professor Taussig in the Chair of Polit- 
ical Economy at Harvard University, di- 
vides the workers of the world into five 
classes; (1) the unskilled day laborer, 
(2) those who must have just a bit of 
alertness of mind. (3) skilled manual work- 
men. (4) semi-intellectual, (S) the profes- 
sions. I leave it to you to classify the dog- 
catcher and the teacher. 

Surely there is nothing in the world held 
so cheap as education. 

The Board of Supervisors makes its rec- 
ord on "cutting down expenses!" a mislead- 
ing doctrine, full of sophistry. 

Regardless slashing of expenses is per- 
nicious. To educate the masses to "Vote 
no on all municipal amendments" just be- 
cause they will cost money is not the way 
to move toward true democracy. 

Of course one could exist on 7c worth 
of spinach and Sc worth of buttermilk a 
day, but it wouldn't be living! 

We do not hear people complaining be- 
cause the crime of the city costs $627.- 
457.42; the sickness $330,618.16; the poverty 
$215,014.95; the unemployment 98,484.60; a 
total of $1,271,575.13, or 96.9% spent to 
remedy, for the most part, the results of a 
lack of education. 

But when this same city spends $38,983.14, 
or 2.9% for the education of the immigrant 
a concerted wail arises — 

Moral: 

Neither is there a moral to this true 

story, which reads like a fable. It isn't 

moral. 
It is truly an arraignment of a city. 



What shall we do — we who believe that 
Progress is commensurate with Education 
• — we who believe that the more we spend 
for education, the less we spend for crime, 
poverty and sickness? We must go to the 
source. What is the source? The tax- 
payer. The taxpayer must be shown that 
it pays. The criterion of all investment is. 
Does it pay? 

Therefore propaganda must be set on 
foot that will conclusively prove that Edu- 
cation pays. It must permeate the con- 
sciousness of every taxpayer, so that he 
will pay more willingly for education than 
for courts that take weeks proving an erst- 
while lover is guilty of breach of promise. 

But the night never lasts always and with 
joy we herald the first stirs of the awak- 
ening. 

There is pending now a Senate bill which 
if passed will establish a Federal Secretary 
of Education. This will stimulate the senti- 
ment we wish to create, a sentiment alive 
to the value of Education. 



QhetlllofJ^uiDamty 

An intelligent Frenchman was studying 
the English language. "When I discovered 
that if I was quick I was fast," he said, 
"and that if I was tied I was fast, if I 
spent too freely I was fast, I was discour- 
aged. But when I came across the sen- 
tence, 'The first one won one dollar prize,' 
I was tempted to give up trying to learn 
English." 



ROLL CALL 



December sixteenth to twenty-third 

On Earth, Peace. 

The Great War is over. Its effects are 

left. 

Reconstruction and Rehabilitation 

of 

All Europe 

Is America's self appointed task. 

You will wish your name 

on the 

Red Cross Christmas Roll Call 



DECEMBER, 1918 



21 



THE SPIRIT OF CHRISTMAS 

By AMANDA MATHEWS CHASE 
Dean of Home Teachers 



Once in the holiday time a social worker 
was moving about her district. An old 
woman held out the hand ot a cliild in her 
arms. 

"Aren't 3'ou going to give the baby his 
Christmas?" 

The worker winced. Was Christmas 
merely an alms for the outstretched palm? 

Later she entered a poor little house es- 
pecially cleaned up for Christmas but un- 
garnished and giftless. 

"There was no money for toys after we 
paid the rent," explained the girl mother. 

Again the worker winced. Must it be 
either pauperism or a zero celebration? 

The following year she said to the women 
of her Americanization groups, in the last 
days of November, 

"Let's give our children an American 
Christmas this year. We will dress dolls in 
the sewing class, pop corn in the cooking 
class and study aljout Santa Claus in the 
English class. You shall take home some- 
thing for every stocking and let the chil- 
dren think Santa Claus came down the 
chimney." 

Here are the lessons for the English 
class. The first is for the women's chart 
class, and a nickel Santa Claus book was 



cut up for the illustrations, and pasted on 
a large cardboard. 

Christmas Santa Claus 

Boy Girl Baby 

Stocking 
This is Santa Claus! 
Hang up your stocking, little boy. 
Hang up your stocking, little girl. 
Hang up the baby's stocking. 

Merry Christmas! 
The following was typed for the ad- 
vanced class and went into the notebooks 
with a Christmas postal for illustration. 
Merry Christmasl 
This is Santa Claus. 
He is the children's saint. 
Mama dresses a doll. 
Papa buys toys. 

The children hang up their stockings 
In the morning the children are very 
happy. 

"They say, "Santa Claus came down the 
chimney." 

Merry Christmas! 
The plan jumped into immediate popu- 
larity. On Christmas morning the worker 
expects to make some brief happy calls, 
merely for the fun of finding Christmas 
where it belongs — in the heart of the home. 



Lillian Goldsmith 

Interperter of Literature 
POETRY DRAMA CIVICS 

"One of the rarest intellectual treats ever given to the ■women of Ventura County occurred 
yesterday when Mrs. Goldsmith appeared in Santa Paula, undr the auspices of the Collegiate 
AUumnae. Mrs. Goldsmith proved herself not only an inspired but a consummate artist." — Santa 
Paula Chronicle. 

"Mrs. Goldsmith's latest program, 'The Book of Carry-On,' was her third interpretation of the 
Bible, for the Wednesday Club, and our members cnsidered it her masterpiece." — Mrs. C. E. Hollandi 
President Wednesday Morning' Club. 

"Allow me to express my appreciation of your story-telling program. It has been my privilege 
to have heard some of the great interpreters of the world, while living in England and Canada, but 
none Superior to you. You seem not only to have unlimited power but a marvelous gift in inter- 
preting the human heart. Your voice is so rich and full in tone — and so delightfully suggestive 
of the Scotch, which in my estimation is classical." — J. Craig Watt, Minister Congregational Church, 
Gallup, New Mexico. 

"The Ebell Club of Long Beach turned out in crowds yesterday to hear Lillian Burkhart Gold- 
smith interpret "Patriotism in Poem and Story." Her message was inspired, and she moved her 
audience from tears to laughter at will. Our members were enthusiastic over her message." — 
Mrs. Clay H. White, Chairman, Program Committee, Long Beach Ebell. 

"It was not a play that the Shakespeare Club heard yesterday afternoon; it was a powerful 
sermon, and the preacher was Lillian Burkhart Goldsmith — a powerful preacher, speaking from 
the depths of her pure wman's heart to an audience that received the message as reverently as she 
gave it. She drove every point home with remarkable emphasis. As she stood on the platform, 
sweet and womanly, she was the embodiment of awakened womanhood." — Ethel Bostick Ritcheyr 
Pasadena Daily News. 

"For entertainment and pure artistry, she has no peer in California." — Alma Whitaker, Los 
Angeles Times. 

"Her polished lecture recitals are the piece de resistance of club programs." — Pearl Roll, 
The Express. 

Clubs desiring to make arrangements with Mrs. Goldsmith, address 
1742 Wellington Road, Los Angeles. Home Phone, 74907 



22 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



SHALL WE HAVE A NEW 
CABINET OFFICER? 



One of the most important and far-reach- 
ing movements in the country in recent 
years, has had its inception in the Senate. 
It should command the immediate attention 
and practical interest of every Clubwoman. 

The following extracts from a letter from 
Mrs. Susan M. Dorsey, of the National 
Council of Education, are self-explanatory: 

"Enclosed I am sending a synopsis of 
Senate Bill 4987, and copies of a set of reso- 
lutions. The occasion of my sending this 
material is that we are making an effort 
to secure a Department of Education in 
the Federal Government, with a Secretary, 
who shall be co-ordinate with other Secre- 
taries. 

I am making an appeal to have this pre- 
sented to as many Women's Clubs as pos- 
sible. What we desire to accomplish is the 
sending of petitions to our Senators and 
Representatives from all over the State, 
in the hope that when this bill comes up 
for final action it may carry. 

It seems strange that we should have 
lived for over a century, and have never 
seen the necessity of giving education a 
dignified place in the councils of the nation. 
Unity of action and a forward looking 
policy have never been possible, as there 
was no one whose business it was to make 
the training of all our children his first 
thought." 

This proposition requires no urging — it 
needs only to be known to meet response 
from all intelligent people, and doubtless 
every Woman's Club will take prompt 
action. 

For the synopsis of the Bill, and — if de- 
sired — copies of the suggested form of res- 
olutions, send to Mrs. Susan M. Dorsey. 
Board of Education, Los Angeles. 



A DAY OF JUDGMENT 

"The Oath of Allegiance has been in the 
past nothing but a formula of words. 
There must be an interpretation anew. 
From this time on it must be translated in 
characters incarnate in the life of every 
foreigner who has a dwelling place in this 
country. This means that they will live 
for the United States and will cherish and 
grow American souls inside of them." 

These were the words of Federal Judge 
Charles F. Amidon of North Dakota in 
passing sentence upon a German minister 
found guilty of violating the Federal Es- 
pionage Act. Judge Amidon addressing 
the prisoner said: "I do not blame you 
alone. I blame myself; I blame my coun- 
try. . . . We conferred upon you the 
diadem of American citizenship and then 
went away and left you. ... 

"We have paid almost no attention to 



what you were doing and now the world 
war has thrown a powerful searchlight 
upon us and we find all over the United 
States, Little Germanies, Little Austrias, 
Little Italies, Little Norways and Little 
Swedens. These foreign people have thrown 
a circle about themselves, and, instead of 
keeping the oath they took that they would 
try to grow American souls inside of them, 
they have studiously striven to exclude 
everything American. 

"When we get through this war, and 
civil liberty is made safe once more upon 
this earth, there is going to be a day of 
judgment in these United States. Foreign- 
born citizens and the institutions which 
have cherished foreigners, are going to be 
brought to the judgment bar of this re- 
public. That day of judgment looks more 
to me today like the great day of judgment 
than anything that I have thought of for 
many years. There is going to be a separa- 
tion on that day of the sheep from the 
goats. Every institution that has been en- 
gaged in this business of making foreigners 
perpetual in the United States will have to 
change or cease. That is going to cut deep, 
but it is coming." 




One of the new coats, of the now rare 
fabric Duvetyne. We (Robinson's) are well 
supplied. Duvetyne coats in nearly all 
shades. 



DECEMBER, 1918 



23 



THE HIGHEST AIM 



MRS. FRANCES E. NOEL 



A wise man once said that "the fear of 
losing our bread and butter makes cowards 
of us all." A nation intending to be free 
in the highest sense of democracy must 
ever strive to reduce the causes and the 
tendencies which are most likely to create 
cowards. 

If our industrial and our commercial 
system is so constituted and so managed 
that those who work for wages suffer in 
consequence of a control over their activi- 
ties which leads to oppression, it becomes 
the duty of free nien to remove the causes 
of such oppression. 

The fear of losing their bread and butter 
makes cowards of many workers and it 
takes courage, selfsacrifice and defiance on 
the part of liberty loving men, to lead the 
masses to unification of strength and there- 
by toward self protection. 

The fear of losing their wealth and so- 
cial standing makes moral cowards of rich 
men, and even of statesmen. It behooves 
us to create a plan of Americanization 
whereby we develop, not only citizens on 
paper, but citizens with courage, and love 
and respect for their country! 

Love for one's country should be based 
on the highest standard of social conscious- 
ness and social service, such as have been 
so freely demonstrated in this war. 

If men and women are willing to risk 
their lives in battle for world democracy, 
then still more do we need that self-same 
courage to build up and preserve a true 
democracy in times of peace, to the end 
that humanity be protected against all fu- 
ture attempts to repeat this warfare. 

The primary excuse for the existence of 
government is to protect the weak against 
the strong. The peoples of any nation can- 
not live long in security of peace and true 
democracy unless they have a government 
by the people, of the people and for the 
people. 

Equal representation of all concerned, 
the humblest citizen never excluded, should 
constitute the governing body of a nation. 

This war has further demonstrated that 
monarchical and democratic rulers alike de- 
pend for their successes and victories on 
the loyalty and the support of all workers 
in industry. 

.\nd likewise has the war taught the 
splendid lesson that labor disputes and in- 
dustrial upheavals cannot be settled through 
oppression, through fear of prisons, guns 
and bayonets. They must be settled through 
conferences equally represented by employ- 
ers, by labor and the state. 

For the first time in the history of labor 
have we found in this world war direct 



representatives of labor meeting on equal 
terms the representatives of capital, and of 
state, discussing and planning together. 

America is the melting pot of all nations. 
Those who came forth to the shores of 
Columbia did so with a longing for the 
freedom they could not have in full in 
their native land. 

The highest aims of Americanization 
must forever be to meet in full the ideals 
with which the foreign born has glorified 
this land of his hopes and aspirations. 



One of the Home Teachers in California 
has worked up an employment agency of 
which she is the only member. The man- 
agers of the big industrial plants in her 
district have such confidence in her that 
her personal card is a letter of recom- 
mendation. Armed with her card, the un- 
employed foreigner has the assurance of a 
"job" if there is an opening he can fill. 




Those clever conceits in leather and fabric 
bags that every feminine heart adores, are 
particularly fascinatingly featured for 
Christmas at Coulter's — Seventh at Olive. 



24 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



THEY ALSO SERVE 



By CHRISTINA KRYSTO 

"It is a crime to put a woman with just 
her two bare hands into a great social un- 
dertaking such as this." 

It was a Home Teacher who spoke these 
words, a Home Teacher in one of the 
poorest districts of the city. 

"A part of our job," she continued, "is 
to teach the woman with whom we come 
in contact to be clean, and to take care of 
her children. It sounds easy, does it not? 
But, — do you know the price of a broom? 
Do you know that in a great many homes 
it is impossible to unearth a dust-cloth? 
What good does it do to preach clean 
floors to a woman to whom an extra bar 
of soap means a week's planning? How 
can we face a mother and tell her to get 
boracic acid for her baby's sore eyes, when 
she is already cutting down on her own 
meals to buy milk for that baby? 

Is this not an answer to a question which, 
today, is being asked by many women, — 
the question, — "What can we do in promot- 
ing national unity, we who have neither the 
time nor the training for active work of 
reconstruction?" 

The Home Teacher is paid by the school 
department under which she works and her 
salary is not large. She is sent out into 
the very midst of poverty, where the week's 
pay-envelope is stretched to unbelievable 
limits, where money is counted by pennies, 
where an extra dollar marks an epoch. 

In her work, money has to be spent. It 
is not a question of charity. It is a ques- 
tion of "community" scrubbing brushes, 
of "neighborhood" brooms, of remnants for 
quilt coverings, of medicines and bandages, 
of newspapers and magazines, of pencils 
and paper, of knitting needles when Red 
Cross classes are organized, of needles and 
pins when women come together to sew. 

That Home Teacher needs help. And al- 
ready have there been many who have 
shown the way for those who care to 
give it. 

In San Francisco the Jewish Council of 
Women kept a woman doing home work 
for three years, and both her salary and 
the "extras" for her people were paid from 
the Council's funds. 

In Los Angeles the Daughters of the 
American Revolution supported a Home 
Teacher for a year, until the Board of Edu- 
cation placed her within its department. 
For a year and a half members of the or- 
ganization helped this Home Teacher by 
conducting sewing classes which furnished 
also the central point for the district's so- 
cial activities. 



The *Ebell Club of the same city put a 
monthly sura of ten dollars at the disposal 
of one Home Teacher; groups of earnest 
women are giving thirty dollars each month 
to another, that a nurse might care for the 
babies whose mothers are in classes or at 
work. 

A Home Teacher, a pioneer in the work 
was asked not long ago about her early 
experiences. She spoke long. But, when 
she had finished, she went back and retold 
all her story in four short words. 

"We were so alone," she said. 

In these words lies the problem. Surely 
the solution is not impossible. 

*The money is being furnished this year by the 
Women's University Club. The Los Angeles City 
Teachers' Club pays $100 a year to another teacher. 



There are twenty Home Teachers in Cal- 
ifornia. 



There are Directors of Immigrant Edu- 
cation in San Francisco, Los Angeles and 
Santa Barbara. 



The teachers of San Francisco taught 
8000 soldiers in the cantonments. 




An ideal gift would be one of those Lamps 
I saw at Bullock's, on the Sixth Floor — 
the only diffi'culty I had was in deciding 
just which one to give, they were all so 
beautiful — some, I am firmly convinced were 
transported through some magic, straight 
from the splendors of the Orient to Bul- 
lock's. They are quite the most gorgeous I 
have ever seen, while others were not quite 
so elaborate. The price range may give you 
an idea of the variety for they had Table 
Lamps for as little as $2.50 and for as much 
as $35 — and floor lamps from $12.50 to 
$225.00. 



DECEMBER, 1918 



25 



THRIFT 



iiitniHJiiiiiiniiiiniiiiiiiiiii 



MRS. E. D. KNIGHT 
General Federation State Secretary 

The Thrift Movement has been one of 
the hopeful signs of the War period. It 
has tended to develop constructive thought 
along citizenship lines. Careful buying, 
thrifty living, thoughtful investment — these 
have been necessary parts of the "On to 
Victory" program. Are we to abandon 
them now for the glittering nothings, for 
the expensive indigestibles, for the unnec- 
essary equipment which will cloud the 
vision and lower the morale of the great- 
est nation in the world? Or will we as 
leaders of thought, continue to show the 
fathers and mothers that they will make 
better parents through the habit of thrift 
that by continuous safe investment they arc 
securing a mortgage on a prosperous fu- 
ture? Will we continue to show the school 
children that by saving and investing, they 
will broaden their lives and possibilities, 
insure college educations, special voca- 
tional training and other benefits that will 
pave the wa}- to ideal Americanism? 

During the "Drive upon Drive" period of 
our existence, we have clasped hands with 
the adopted .-Xmerican on the street; he has 
bared his life secrets as never before. His 
hopes, his fears, his suspicions have become 
our possessions to mould and to dissipate 
through watchful care and tactful associa- 
tion; or to sweep aside, to multiply the prob- 
lems of the rising generation. We have 
had the privilege of intimate, personal con- 
tact with the rich and the poor who were 
cradled across the seas. W'e have looked 
into their liouses and their domestic lives. 
We have lived with them their Country's 
history; we have learned from them the 
supreme law of patriotism. Will we lose 
the foothold that this unparalleled oppor- 
tunity- has given us? Are those women 
who have but recently learned the meaning 
of National service to be permitted to go 
back to their lives of ease and luxury or 
will they be made part of the permanent 
standing army of world workers? 

These are some of the pertinent ques- 
tions of the reconstruction period. Let us 
refrain from hasty, spectacular action and 
endeavor to visualize the structures we 
have built. — advise together as to which 
should be permanent and which may be al- 
lowed to crumble. This is a fitting time 
to modernize super-conservative club con- 
stitutions, to broaden club creeds. 

The Thrift Movement should be perma- 
nent. Its benefits are too evident to need 
reviewing; it is all inclusive. It furnishes 
a vehicle for our Educational Committees: 
Civic. Home. Economics. Press. Music. 
Health, Child Welfare. Legislation and 
other departments, and suggests a program 
which will tend to make us a race of think- 
ers — a giant Nation qualified to lead the 
federation of the world. 




BIRDLAND 

Pets That 

Make Ideal 

Holiday 

Gifts 



CANARIES AND SONG BIRDS — Warb- 
lers, Bellnote Rollers and Large Orange 
Colored Canaries of the best strains. 

AH kinds of Fancy and Aviary Birds; 
ornamental Land and Water Fowl. 

Largest stock of Cages, Foods and rem- 
edies. 

TALKING PARROTS — all varieties — 
Panama, Double Yellow Heads. Red- 
heads, Dwarf. Every bird a guaranteed 
talker. 

DOGS — Dogs for every purpose. All 
desirable breeds. All accessories, foods 
and remedies. We buy and sell dogs. 

Mail orders given carreful attention, 

L. M. GRIDER 

1301 Central Ave. 
216 Mercantile Place Los Angeles 



iiiTiiiiriiiiiiniiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitii 



nrv 

PHONOGRAPH 




Plays 

ALL 

Records ( 



This is one of the useful gifts seen at the 
Starr Piano Co. Their salesroom at 630 
South Hill Street is a Mecca for Christmas 
shopping. 



26 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



THE WOMAN'S LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL 

MRS. A. E. CARTER, President 
CHARLOTTE ANITA WHITNEY, Chairman of Publication 



The third measure which the Council 
zi>ill present to the Legislature of 1918 is 
one raising the annual appropriation of 
Blonentary Schools from $15.00 to 
$17.50 for each child in attendance. 
Excerpts from a Discussion of the Subject 
By BLANCHE MORSE 

The time has come when the whole 
people, the State, must assume a larger part 
of the burden, if the schools are to main- 
tain anything like the standards necessary 
for the performance of the essential task 
which is theirs. Our whole social inheri- 
tance is passed on from one generation to 
the next by the teachers of the public 
schools. Cheap teachers will, in the future, 
mean cheap education. 

I have on my desk a circular from a 
correspondence school, addressed to the 
teachers. It calls them to leave the poorly 
paid business in which they are struggling 
and come up into the business world. On 
one hand it shows a little ramshackle coun- 
try school. On the opposite page is a well 
equipped business office, in which sit a man 
and a young woman engaged in formulat- 
ing a letter. Under the first picture one 
reads: $500. Under the other $1S00-$15,- 
000. Leave "that" for "this!" And they 
are leaving "that" for "this." In large 



numbers they are leaving the great business 
of cherishing and transmitting the heritage 
of democracy, for the business of increas- 
ing, counting and exchanging the world's 
wealth. They are leaving it not because 
they prefer to, but because the world does 
not consider education of sufficient impor- 
tance to give its servants a living wage 
for it. 

How is the financial situation confront- 
ing the schools to be solved? If a democ- 
racy means anything it means equality of 
opportunity. "The taxes for schools must 
be collected where the wealth is, and dis- 
tributed where the children are." This 
means that the State must bear a larger 
part of the expense of education than it 
has. In the past ten years the amount ap- 
propriated by the State for elementary edu- 
cation has actually decreased. There will 
be presented to the next legislature a bill 
increasing the state appropriation for Ele- 
mentary schools to $17.50 for every unit of 
average daily attendance. 

The war has shown us, among other 
things, that this is a country of colossal 
resources and of colossal ignorance. The 
first must be brought to bear upon the 
last. We must learn to pour out our treas- 
ure for promoting the arts of peace as we 
have for the arts of war. 



It is the part of our national committee 
to spread the propaganda to arouse Con- 
gress to enact legislation. The women of 
Arkansas, Kentucky. North Carolina, Mis- 
sissippi and many of the other states have 
not waited for legislation, for Congress to 
come. I beg the women of this body not 
to wait until Congress acts. I beg that 
you will put your influence, your intelli- 
gence, and your splendid big hearts at work 
to help solve this problem. — Cora Wilson 
Stewart, at Biennial Convention. 1918. 



"When the light shone on Bethlehem, a 
neighbor was one who lived in the next 
house and of the same religion; all other 
men were aliens. Today all men are kin, 
and they that suffer at the ends of the 
world are one's neighbors. When Christ 
came the world was a vast fortress; today 
it is a neighborhood; tomorrow it will be 
a brotherhood." — Hamilton W. Mabie. 



Many have come to America to exploit 
the economic advantages and natural re- 
sources which this country offered. 

Americanization must prevent ruthless 



and irresponsible exploitation — the present 
and future welfare of the nation depends 
on the natural store houses of our country. 
Americanization must teach conservation 
of the nation's resources. They are na- 
ture's gifts, they are the fountains of na- 
tional life, which must not be polluted, 
wasted or destroyed through profiteering 
individuals. Let those who take from the 
country give back in full measure. 



It's funny and pathetic to know how 
these children "put things over" on their 
Italian fathers and mothers. If they want 
to go to the movies, they say that the 
teacher told them to go; and how is the 
parent to prove that this new land, so arbi- 
trary about forcing one's children to go to 
school, may not also order them to the 
movies? 



This definition comes from the wise 
Chinese Confucius. He said:' "Good gov- 
ernment obtains when those who are near 
are made happy, and those who are far off 
are attracted." 



DECEMBER, 1918 



27 



FROM THE SUNRISE KINGDOM 



Miss Marguerite Shipsey, teaching in Los 
Berros School, has among her pupils a 
little Japanese boy — Akira Saruwatari. On 
a recent occasion he recited the following 




lines with so much patriotic spirit that both 
children and adults cheered him to the echo. 
Thus do we train, not for, but in, Ameri- 
canism. 



A SMALL BOY'S OFFERING 

I have two hands, no more, no less, 
Eight fingers and two thumbs; 

These hands belong to Uncle Sam 
Whenever trouble comes! 

I have two feet, that's all I have, but 

Let me say right here — 
They'll march to time for Uncle Sam 

Whenever danger's near! 

I have one head — no more, j'ou see- 
Poor gift it is indeed; 

That head is Uncle Sam's to use, 
Whene'er he feels the need! 

I have one heart; it beats right here; 

It's ever on the job. 
It's beating now for Uncle Sam 

With true and loyal throb! 

—The Blue Bulletin. 



J|',i:ll|P|ijl[li 







fully aware of your son's neces- 
sities, of his likes and dislikes, 
are most competent to select a 
suitable Christmas gift for him. 
You recognize the value of use- 
ful gifts this season, and a suit 
of Hart Schaffner & Marx 
clothes or an overcoat should 
appeal to you as a most sensible 
gift. If not that, some under- 
wear, pajamas or a nightshirt, 
SOX or a merchandise order to 
permit him to make his own 
selection. 

You are most cordially invited 
to visit our store at any time. 
We will be glad to do what we 
can to serve you. 




The store uiith 
a Conscience" 

BROADWAY 
AT SIXTH 

THE HOME OF HART SCHAFFNER & MARX CLOTHES 



28 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



WOMEN AND POLITICS WOMEN IN POLITICS 



MRS. SEWARD A. SIMONS 

The Civil War marked not only the free- 
dom of the slaves, it was the beginning of 
the emancipation of the women of Amer- 
ica. The gigantic world struggle has crys- 
tallized the hopes of all peoples in a broader 
meaning of Democracy; the women of the 
world have by force entered into new and 
higher ground of justice and opportunity. 

Commensurate with the honorable part 
which their country took in this contest of 
ideals, the women of America will occupy 
a large place in the new order of things. 
To them comes a higher responsibility, and 
to them, as well, must be extended a full 
measure of justice, that thej' may be of 
service not to their sex alone, but in the 
life and development of the nation. 

Men have paid the price of this war, and 
women have paid, and the consciousness 
has been growing among women that they 
have had to pay without a voice in the gov- 
ernments that make and unmake war. 

Women have not hesitated or faltered in 
their loyalty and patriotism; the call to war 
service was answered by a mobilization of 
women to fill every known occupation at 
home, and even up to the battle line. These 
women can never again be playthings or 
children; as they have been partners with 
men in war service, so they must be co- 
workers with their brothers in the world's 
work. 

The time has passed when women are to 
be complimented as mere advisors, to be 
consulted and to pass appropriate resolu- 
tions; they have had experience in dealing 
with social problems; they have done con- 
structive organized work, and of this wide 
experience and knowledge, the nation must 
have the benefit. 

Women must not be afraid of "politics"; 
it may be their high mission to restore to 
this much misunderstood word its real 
meaning — the Science of Government. They 
must take an interest in public matters, 
they must realize that, in a democracy, ev- 
ery person is responsible for governmental 
TTOcedure. The government is not at 
Washington, nor at the State Capital, nor 
at the City Hall; the government is every 
single citizen of the United States. Unless 
the best, the most intelligent citizens of 
both sexes are convinced that they must 
participate in questions of government, 
they have no right to find fault with the re- 
sults of government. There can be Na- 
tional unity only when we appreciate that 
patriotism is not an enthusiastic expression 
limited to war times, but that it is a perma- 
nent, enduring, absorbing interest in the 
wise and careful consideration of our Na- 
tion's problems as they arise from day to 
day. To this view, and in this service the 
women of America must pledge themselves, 
and they must be given a fair chance to 
redeem this pledge. 



November 5, 1918, was a mile-post for 
equal sufiErage. Three new States — Michi- 
gan, South Dakota and Oklahoma — swung 
into the full suffrage column. Eleven mil- 
lion women of voting age — more than a 
third of the number in the country — can 
now vote for President, in States which 
have 213 electoral votes. 

Congressional gains assure the passage 
of the National Suffrage Amendment, so 
that "even the United States Senate," that 
last bulwark of things as they have been, 
seems destined to join the procession. 

On November 5, also, women voting for 
the first time in a New York State election, 
cast a million votes, and served on nearly 
all election boards. "The election was the 
most orderly ever held." 

It is a curious speculation as to just how 
the minds work, which imitate the legend- 
ary gentleman who sought to sweep back 
the incoming tide with a broom. 



Mrs. Mary C. C. Bradford has again been 
elected State Superintendent of Public In- 
struction in Colorado to fill her fourth 
term. 



Here are the four .\ssembly women elect: 
Miss Esto Broughton, Modesto; Mrs. Anna 
Saylor, Berkeley; Mrs. Grace Doris, Ba- 
kersfield; Mrs. Elizabeth Hughes, Oroville. 




. — The work of these two attractive young 
women, is to offer original suggestions, and 
devise clever new ways for wrapping Christ- 
mas gifts. 

— This treasure house of new ideas is a 
branch of The Department of Individual 
Service, on the Second Floor of The Broad- 
way Department Store. 



DECEMBER, 1918 



29 



WHO SHALL WEAVE THE PATTERN? 



Dr. Sophonisba P. Breckenridge 



Liberty and Democracy, as formulated in 
the statements of President Wilson and 
Premier Lloyd George, have been made 
possible by the heroic deaths of youths 
coming from many different national 
groups. Americans of several generations, 
American children of foreign-born parents, 
foreign-born Americans from Poland, Bo- 
hemia, Italy, Greece, the Jew and the Gen- 
tile, have mingled their blood in a com- 
mon sacrifice. But the possibility they have 
created can become a reality only by the 
heroic living of the men and women to 
whom they have bequeathed the task of 
weaving into the America of the future, 
the varied contributions of which these 
different groups are capable. If their sac- 
rifice is to be rightly valued and rewarded, 
the pattern of the American life for which 
they gave up their promise, will be most 
rich with gifts of every people contributing 
a single soldier's life to the noble future. 

The working out of this beautiful and 
dignified pattern is a task for the women 
in every group, however well-to-do or how- 
ever poor; however favored or however 
lowly and simple. Never was more alluring 
opportunity ofifered of generous and simple 
co-operation. Each group has not only the 
right, but lies under the dutj- as well, 
of asking of every other what its contri- 
bution is to be. — asking in the name and 
for the sake of the boys who have died, 
that thej' may not have died in vain. No 
group can, in loyalty to its own heroic 
dead, acquiesce in being shut out from par- 
ticipation in this constructive task. Their 
blood cries out to us who survive, until we 
have perfected our channels of communi- 
cation, each with each, until all are engaged 
in the building of that Greater America, 
playing its noble part among the free peo- 
ples of the earth — that America under 
whose flag they fought. 

Several simple and practical steps must 
be taken to make such co-operation pos- 
sible: 

(a) The opportunity of learning Eng- 
lish should be offered everj' foreign-speak- 
ing woman. This means not only the teach- 
ing of English, but sufficient leisure and 
sufficient freedom from heavy and exhaust- 
ing toil to be able to acquire. 

(b) Those who are by natural gift and 
by circumstance in a position of leadership 
within the various groups should be sought 
by representatives of other groups so that 
the nature and extent of the contribution 
rnay be at an early date made clear. The 
simplest, poorest and least advantaged 



mother whose boy has made the ultimate 
sacrifice — is as concerned in the building of 
the new America, for which her boy died, as 
the most highly educated and most fortu- 
nate member of any group. Therefore there 
can be no question of superiority and in- 
feriority; but only of greater or less zeal 
and devotion. 

This will be the democracy for which 
they died — in which the mothers of all are 
included, to which they all contribute, from 
which all gain new fulness of experience 
and opportunity. 

The club women who have learned to 
work together have only to extend their 
activities until the American women of 
everj' national and racial inheritance engage 
with them in this great enterprise. 



For once Education came into its own. 
Its value was recognized. During the war 
the boys were hurried by thousands to the 
Universities and given there such intensive 
training as has never been known before 
in the history of the world. If this recog- 
nition of the value of education in war time 
could be carried over into peace time, our 
progress would be by strides instead of 
steps. 



This Year 

We have the finest collection 
of rare and artistic 

Jewelry 

Ever exhibited. 
A call will convince you. 

See our new diamond and onyx 
jewelry. 



dfC.3.'6Aonclt'6c. 

758 South Hill Street 
Home 71779 Los Angeles, Cal. 



30 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



FROM THE DISTRICTS PRESIDENTS 



NORTHERN DISTRICT 



Mrs. G. E. Chappell, District President 



NATIONAL UNITY 

Over 2,000,000 men of this nation, ^vhile in 
bivouac, have learned the true meaning of 
Democracy. Man and master have fought 
side by side for this principle. How are the 
other 98,000,000 of Americans to learn it? 

The ideal is above the real only to those 
whose hearts are tender, whose sympathies 
are deep and whose understanding is broad, 
broad as the universe. 

Our defenders realize this vision of Na- 
tional Unity; will come home unconsciously 
prepared to live it. How shall we measure 
up to their standards? That is our problem. 
Many eyes are open to a dawn of a new era, 
but what shall we do with the blind? 

Within our own particular field of activity 
lie our greatest interest, responsibility and 
duty. As president of a district, principally 
rural, I would suggest to the women of such 
communities a broader acquaintance with all 
peoples. Our activities of the past nineteen 
months have paved the way for greater Na- 
tional Unity. 

We have asked EVERY ONE to work for 
the Red Cross; to contribute to War time 
activities; to invest in our national securi- 
ties. We have asked them to share our re- 
sponsibilities; to conserve with us; to econo- 
mize with us; to sorrow with us. 

Now we should ask them to enjoy the 
fruits of victorious peace with us; to re- 
joice with us; to work with us; to study 
with us; to enjoy life with us; to share our 
ideals. Mistress and maid; those above and 
those below us in the so-called social scale. 
Peoples of all nationalities that now claim 
Old Glory for their own. 

We shall all have this one great common 
interest, now and ever more, National Unity. 



ALAMEDA DISTRICT 



Mrs. Katharine H. Smith 
In this crusade to win to American alle- 
giance and elevate to American standards — ■ 
whatever those may be — the foreign born to 
svhom we have opened our gates but not our 
homes or our hearts, the first necessity is to 
make clear to our own understanding just 
what is meant by Americanization. 

The ideal American, we will probably all 
agree, is so imbued with the spirit of free- 
dom that he has the courage to demand for 
himself that right guaranteed to him by the 
very foundation of this country; the right to 
life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. 
.A-ud also the ideal American is so demo- 
cratic that he not only asks this right for 
himself but is willing to ask it for all other 
men. Democracy, reduced to its final analy- 
sis, means simply that you are willing for 



the other fellow to have just what you ask 
for yourself. It means absolute equality, 
social, political, and industrial. 

On this basis then we may realize the real 
purpose of Americanization. And in work- 
ing toward Americanization we may be 
brought sometimes to deal with persons 
born in the United States whose acts and 
instincts are as Prussian as those of a 
Hohenzollern. and it may bring us to deal 
with some born in foreign lands whose 
ideals are wholly in accord with the spirit 
of America. Then the first lesson to learn 
and to teach is that to be American, one 
must so love liberty for himself and for his 
fellow man that he is willing to suffer for it, 
to sacrifice for it, to die for it. And liberty 
means not alone physical freedom to come 
and go, it means freedom and opportunity 
for man to develop and realize his physical, 
mental and spiritual being. 

(Continued next page) 



^^ What IS the 
"Honor Pledge^'? 

"to maintain that 
margin of better- 
values, better ser- 
vice and better 
merchandise-that 
margin which 
is the infallible 
recipe of perma- 
nent business suc- 
cess — this is our 
Conscience, our 
Honor Pledge, our 
goal of each busi- 
ness day. 




The "Honor Pledge" of the F. B. Silver- 
wood Store. It has become almost as 
■well known as the famous phrase " — the 
store with a Conscience," now as much a 
part of the Silverwood store as the Silver- 
wood name itself. 



DECEMBER, 1918 



31 



We must not cherish the idea of making 
Americans by impressing those who come 
to us in search of opportunity with the mag- 
nitude or the cost or the material prosperity 
of those things we have built up in this 
country. Let us be honest with ourselves 
and with them and judge only by the one 
thing worth considering — the human prod- 
uct of our institutions and industries. 

Can we in fairness expect a high grade 
human product from the exploited; from the 
underpaid where the wage is so low that 
American standards of living, as we know 
them, could not possibly be maintained; 
from an attitude of superiority, assumed 
even by our children, toward those whom 
we wish to absorb into our citizenship? 

It is clear that the task of Americaniz- 
ation must begin where all great things be- 
gin—within our hearts. 

Among the various ways of going about 
this I suggest one for which club women 
may work. There should be connected with 
every school an ideal cottage, so simple in 
construction and furnishings that it might 
be within the reach of any wage-earner. 
Everj' boy and every girl in the school 
should have sometime during the course 
several weeks' instruction in adaptation to 
such a home. Every mother and every 
father in the community should be ac- 
quainted with the methods and cost of oper- 
ating such a home. They should be taught 
to see themselves belonging in such a home 
by bringing them to it often for various pur- 
poses. And here no line has been drawn 
between native and foreign born. We need 
alike to learn a higher standard of simple 
living, and a simpler standard of expressing 
life in its highest and fullest sense. 



SOUTHERN DISTRICT 



Mrs. J. J. SUESS, President 

It is a wonderful world in which we live 
and something new continually arises to 
amaze us at the changes taking place about 
us. We walk today where no path is. We 
have passed out into a vast new country, 
into utterly new outlook and thought. 

In certain social and industrial develop- 
ments we have traveled, in the past few 
years, farther into the unknown than in any 
age before. 

The world is open, its mind and heart 
are seeking understanding which shall bring 
order out of confusion. 

In the reconstruction now before us. 
.Americanization under a new color is our 
great theme, for a new Nationalism has 
been won by a bitter struggle, a National- 
ism founded on Brotherhood. 

The old. old dreams of humanity trouble 
us, and these must be interpreted in the 
terms of today. 

Instead of hate and suspicion can we not 
give the I. W. W.. the radical socialist, revo- 
lutionary, and Bolsheviki our sympathy and 



realize that they all seek something good in 
their blind waj', although we do not agree 
with their methods? 

Many of the leaders of the new Russia 
were trained in this country, but they have 
failed to get your and my ideal of American- 
ism. Many of these have diligently sought 
for truth, but those with whom they came 
in contact failed in their interpretation of 
true Democracy. 

We lost a great opportunity to influence 
the world when those leaders of today failed 
to get a true understanding of what Amer- 
ica stands for. and we cannot say that they 
were entirely at fault. Somewhere the in- 
terpreter failed. 

The Federation has adopted a program 
of Americanization which seems adequate 
to meet conditions, but it is for us to give 
that nev\' interpretation, remembering the 
real meaning of Americanism is not exter- 
nal — it is from within and is of the spirit. 

If we, as w^omen of America, can estab- 
lish this new idealism as a great foundation 
upon which our sons, who have been willing 
to sacrifice even their lives that Democracy 
might not perish from the earth, can build: 
certainly the war has not been in vain, and 
"There shall come a time, when each shall 

to another 
Be as Christ would have him, brother unto 
brother." 



WHITE KING 

White 
For the Laundiy 

WESTERN STAR 

White Flouting 
For Laundry or Bath 

CALLA LILY BORAX 

White Cocoanut Oil 
For Bath and Shampoo 

COCOA NAPTKA 

Yellow 
For The Laundiy 

MERMAID WASHING 
POWDER 

Softena the Water 

ANVIL PUMICE 

ToUet 

For tho Autolst 

Sufficient Asaortment for any Family 

LOS ANGELES SOAP COMPANY 



32 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



SAN FRANCISCO DISTRICT 
Mrs. Frank Fredericks, District President 

San Francisco is one of the two most cos- 
mopolitan cities in the United States, and 
there are many colonies of foreigners in va- 
rious parts of the city. In those portions, 
the people speak their mother tongue exclu- 
sively. Americanization has been brought 
to each section, but it has been uphill work 
in many cases. 

During the epidemic of Spanish influenza 
the great and pressing need of a more stren- 
uous and aggressive work in bringing to 
these people a knowledge of our language, 
our ideals of Democracy, as well as their 
and OUR responsibility towards it, was 
brought forcibly before me. 

As a volunteer practical nurse, my work 
was entirely with this portion of our com- 
munity. In one household to which I was 
sent, there were six people, very ill with in- 
fluenza, not one having a temperature under 
102 — father and mother in one bed, the aunt 
and a little girl of 9 in another, a boy of 7 
in a crib, very ill, and the youngest, Peter. 
S years old, in a bed by himself. The doctor 
had given him up at five in the afternoon. 
His temperature was 105^4, respiration 60, 
when I arrived. In the room with him was 
his grandmother and an uncle. The lodger, 
a man about forty, had just recovered from 
an attack of the epidemic, and really should 
have been in bed, but there was only a mat- 
tress on the floor available, as he had given 
his bed to the dying child. A little girl of 
11 had a bed on four chairs in the dining 
room. 

The father was a fireman on a steamer, 
the uncle was a fisherman, the lodger 
worked in a factory, and the aunt in a can- 
nery. The house, of five rooms, was well 
furnished and must have been a comfortable 
home in normal times; as I saw it, the con- 
fusion was great. But to me the dreadful 
part, outside of the illness, was that not a 
soul, except the 11-year-old girl, could un- 
derstand, let alone speak a word of the lan- 
guage of the country in which they lived. 
The lodger spoke French and, as I speak 
that language and know a trifle of Italian, 
we managed to get along very well. But. 
think of it — all those grown people, and not 
one able to speak the language of this coun- 
try! And that household is only a sample 
of many, many others. 

Such a situation as was revealed by this 
epidemic, shows that more intensive work 
must be done among the women in order to 
make them able to guard and guide their 
own homes. The Victoria Colonna Club, 
the Council of Jewish Women, and the Cali- 
fornia Club have been devoting much of 
their time to the immigration problem — but 
there is such a large proportion of the pop- 
ulation still untouched, that it must become 
1 vital part of the work of each club. It is 
only necessary to place the matter before 
our club women to have their enthusiastic 
support and to have them undertake it in 
deadly earnest. 



LOS ANGELES DISTRICT 



Mrs. Mattison B. Jones, President 



"SO LITTLE DONE; SO MUCH 
TO DO" 

Our Americanization problem seems 
staggering when we view the program as a 
whole; yet, if we, as organized women, can 
be be made to realize the necessity for our 
individual and united co-operation, we shall 
have made a good beginning. 

"We can all do something, little or much; 
and what we can, we must." 

In studying the problem from a Govern- 
mental viewpoint, we cannot fail to per- 
ceive the absolute power of national unity. 
Andrew Jackson said, "Without union, our 
independence and liberty would never have 
been achieved; without union they can never 
be maintained." 

Channing long ago sounded a key note 
which is worth listening to, when he said, 
"The great distinction of a Nation — the only 
one worth possessing and which brings after 
it all other blessings — is the prevalence of 
pure principle among the citizens. * * * 
Better be one of a poor people, plain in 
manners, reverencing God, and respecting 
themselves, than belong to a rich country, 
which knows no higher good than riches." 

We, as club women, should be more dem- 
ocratic in our Americanization work 
among the illiterate aliens, and show them 
by real example the true distinction of 
American citizenship. Since the foreign- 
born so love song — it is their natural ex- 
pression — our Civic and Music Chairmen 
have a wonderful opportunity to reach the 
aliens of every community. 

Club women should unite in urging the 
Government — both Federal and State — to do 
more educational work in the schools for 
adult education of both men and women. 

In most states where women vote, the 
alien women automatically become citizens 
when the husband is admitted to citizenship. 
Now since club women have oft been ac- 
cused of being the "guardians of human 
intelligence," it behooves us to see that the 
alien women voters, as well as men, must be 
taught English, Citizenship and Patriotism. 

A move in the right direction has at last 
been made to make the National Bureau of 
Education a Department of Education, thus 
broadening the scope of educational work. 
It is to be hoped the Federal plan will 
finally include co-operation with the State 
in placing courses of Patriotism and Citi- 
zenship in every Grammar and High School 
in America, including afternoon and night 
classes for those who are employed. 

Jane Addams once said, "If the club wom- 
en of America represent a great moral as 
well as intellectual force (that they do, no 
fairminded observer will deny), then the 
power, social and political, which they are 
to exert, must result in reaching and im- 
proving human conditions." 



DECEMBER, 1918 



33 



PUTTING MOTHER IN HER RIGHT 
PLACE 



Mother is going, too! Where? To 
school. Why? To learn to be a better 
mother, wife, citizen, liousckeeper, buyer, 
"hygienist." 

Mother, particularlj' immigrant Mother, 
for too long has been staying in the home. 
She must get out of the narrow four walls, 
out of herself, out of a rut, out of her 
too-foreign habits. 

The immigrant mother is potential largely 
because her American-born children are 
automatically American citizens. The usual 
relation of this mother to these children is 
wrong, all wrong. A story from the for- 
eign quarter shows up the situation. A 
boy was found crying bitterlj- after a whip- 
ping from his mother. 

"I wouldn't mind the lickin'," he sobbed 
resentfully, "but I hate to be licked b}' one 
of these blamed immigrants." 

There's the crux of the matter. The 
youngster is an American, the mother is 
a "foreigner." Her offspring learns quickly 
to speak the new tongue, in the streets, in 
school, in all his contact with American 
customs. He becomes the interpreter for 
the family, thereby increasing his impor- 
tance in their little scheme of things; in- 
creasing in importance until he becomes 
superior to his "foreign" mother. The 



mother has lost her influence over him. 
He has lost his respect for her and for the 
homel}' virtues she represents — honesty, 
thrift, cleanliness and a respect for law and 
order. The gulf widens between the chil- 
dren receiving an American education and 
their still foreign parents. While the ju- 
venile courts do a flourishing business. 

There is just one thing — Mother must 
go to school. — The World's Outlook. 



Before the war we were too prone to rid- 
icule anything foreign. During the war we 
commenced to notice and appreciate the 
songs, flags, tra'ditions and qualities of our 
allies. It would be a splendid idea to 
characterize the celebration of our new 
national holiday. November the Eleventh, 
as an Allied festival — with the songs, dances 
and pageants of the nations. 



NO ENEMIES 



You have no enemies, you say. 

Alas! my friend the boast is poor; 
He who has mingled in the fray 

Of duty, that the brave endure. 
Must have made foes! If you have none 

Small is the work that you have done. 
You've hit no traitor on the hip. 

You've dashed no cup from perjured lip. 
You've never turned the wrong to right, 

You've been a coward in life's fight. 

— Chas. Mackay. 







FOR CHRISTMAS 

Cross goods are a year ahead in style 
and forever ahead in quality. 

We are showing some clever new nov- 
elties all with a distinctive smack of 
smartness— -and all bearing the hall- 
oo ^'nd**'^ mark "Cross." 

Street and Dress Gloves for Men. 
Shopping Bags, Ladies' Hand Bags, Envelope Purses, Sewing Baskets, 
Desk Baskets, Library Baskets, Motor Bags, Traveling Bags and Cases. ^ 
Cigarette and Cigar Cases, Tobacco Pouches, Serving Trays, Jewel Cases, 
Coin Purses. 




HARTMANN 
WARDROBE 
TRUNKS 






34 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



DISTRICT CHAIRMEN OF EDUCATION 

THE SAN JOAQUIN DISTRICT LOS ANGELES DISTRICT 



Esto Broughton, 
District Chairman Education * 



Our Americanization problem is an edu- 
cational one. It is not either an industrial 
nor an economic problem — at least here in 
the San Joaquin Valley. The foreigners 
are noted for their prosperity — and their 
prosperity grows for the most part out of 
their commendable industry. But there is 
too great a disregard for education upon 
their part. Many of them are ambitious 
for their children, and avail themselves of 
our public schools. But many of them 
wish to get ahead as fast as possible and 
look upon the children as an industrial 
asset. They constantly keep them home 
to help with the farm labor or send them 
into the packing houses. This educational 
handicap combined with the usual racial 
social grouping makes it difficult for the 
foreigner to take his proper place as an 
American citizen. Many a man owns his 
own home and possesses a good income 
and yet signs his name with a cross. There 
is no doubt but that ignorance of our 
language and business customs and laws^ 
makes the foreigner an easy victim to the 
unscrupulous. It is often some unprin- 
cipled fellow countryman that takes ad- 
vantage of him. 

Fresno, proportionally to its population, 
is the largest center of immigration. There 
are a great many different nationalities 
represented there — thousands of Armen- 
ians, Russians, and many Japanese, Swedes 
and Portuguese. At least a dozen different 
nationalities are represented in large num- 
bers. The State Commission of Immigra- 
tion and Housing has opened an office 
there. Advice is given the applicants, and 
a general survey of the conditions of the 
foreign population has been made, and night 
schools started. 

This work will undoubtedly be extended 
into all districts. At present the work must 
be largely carried on by volunteer workers. 
Patient, tactful adults that are willing to 
work faithfully and are sincerely interested 
in making Americans for America, can find 
many eager immigrants to assist. But those 
looking for quick results, or looking upon 
it as a missionary uplift movement should 
be wary. What they need is simply a 
friend. Each and every one can be a friend 
to the aliens that he encounters. As one 
writer expressed it, "the poor foreigners 
in this country have been uplifted until 
they are sore in the arm pits." 

*Miss Broughton is assemblyman-elect for Stanis- 
laus County. 



Mrs. J. W. Gastrich, 

Chairman Americanization, Los Angeles 

District 



In rural counties the chief source of in- 
formation regarding the non-English-speak- 
ing people is the Sheriff's office. Some of 
the small towns have night schools, but it 
will generally be found that in these there 
are classes established for the English- 
speaking people to learn some foreign lan- 
guage, one that is used in the community. 
In this way clerks, and all others interested 
in the foreign element may be of assistance 
in translating. 

The school law provides that all children 
between the ages of six and fifteen must at- 
tend school. Most foreigners do not know 
the laws, yet they are, as a whole, law-abid- 
ing. A good, tactful truant officer, who can 
visit the homes and explain matters, is need- 
ed in every district in which there is a for- 




iery — Fancies in the 
new flare tops, plaids 
and stripes in attrac- 
tive color combina- 
tions and scores of 
colors in plain and 
ribbed hose. 



II 



OCTOBER, 1918 



35 



eign population. It pays. The Home Teach- 
er is another good investment in districts 
large enough to warrant it — a teacher who 
can assist the adults with daily perplexing 
questions. 

Before we can Americanize we must first 
let these foreigners appreciate that we de- 
sire to have them as -Americans; we must 
show an interest in them. This cannot be 
done through the Sheriff's office or the po- 
lice department. 

Americanization of rural districts should 
gain the attention of all clubs during this 
reconstruction period. Clubs should: 

1st. Study conditions in the community; 

2d. Create an interest in the need of 
Americanization in that community. 

3rd. Study Americanization from the 
standpoint of its benefits to our nation; 

4th. .Attempt to secure a Home Teacher, 
a paid non-sectarian worker, to serve the 
adult foreign-born. (This can be done in 
district? where the average dailv attendance 
in schools is 500.) 

5th. Enlist the co-operation of teachers 
and school ofticials; 

6th. Co-operate with the county Ameri- 
canization chairman of the Council of De- 
fense; 

7th. Report to the district chairman of 
Americanization so she can compile records 
of work done in various districts for the 
benefit of all districts. 



THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT 



Mrs. J. W. Bishop, Chairman Department 
Education 

That our Southern district faces a serious 
problem, due to our unassimilated foreign 
population, particularly that of the Mexi- 
can, should be realized by every thinking 
woman, and every eflfort made to help in 
the Americanization movement which our 
Federation proposes to advance. 

It is one thing to be charmingly gowned 
and read a theoretical paper on American- 
ization before a body of equally charmingly 
gowned women, but quite another thing to 
don an apron, roll up your sleeves and do 
practical .Americanization work. This work 
must no longer be classed as "slumming" 
or charity, or by going into the foreign 
settlements and viewing the inhabitants as 
you would a strange bug, but as a sound 
business proposition. It is good business 
to see that the foreign-born employee is 
properly housed, that he is well nourished, 
that he is not underpaid and that he is 
encouraged to learn the English language. 
-An employer of many foreigners remarked, 
"I should be afraid to estimate the aggre- 
gate amount of waste each year to this 
company through the non-English speak- 
ing operatives failing to understand orders." 

It is plain that Americanization shall be- 
gin in the night scheols for foreign adults 
and that the departments of education of 
the various clubs in our district work to 
that end. This will bring about the teach- 
ing of personal hygiene, proper feeding of 



the babies, the care of the home, and above 
all, teach them the American standard of 
living. Have you thought how low a stand- 
ard of living they now have? Do you 
realize that, owing to our neglect, the for- 
eign-born in our district, live in crowded, 
insanitary conditions, work long hours, or 
have no work at all, are hungry, sick and 
discouraged? 

A few days after we closed the emer- 
gency hospital in the Mexican quarters of 
San Bernardino, one of my Me-xican friends 
said: 'My people will not soon forget the 
help during this sickness. You know, it is 
the first time the white people have taken 
a real interest in us." Isn't that an ar- 
raignment? 

The watchword of our Federation is 
"Service." Can we expect service if we do 
not give it? Dr. Frank Crane tells us. "The 
cry of the Old Gospel was 'Save,' that of 
the new is 'Serve.' " We have learned that 
to "Serve" is to "Save." The "Servers" 
are striking more deeply than the "Savers" 
ever struck. They say, the foreigner shall 
no longer be exploited, trodden or tor- 
tured for the benefit of the endowed. Let 
us be servers, not talkers. We forget how 
the clock runs down while we are speaking. 
The time for serving is now. This work 
of Americanization will not wait till we 
finish a sentence. Get out of your easy 
chair and get into service, before the op- 
portunity to fashion all the foreign people, 
who are our neighbors, into a united Eng- 
lish speaking community, shall have van- 
ished. 



AMERICANIZATION ESSENTIAL TO 
UNITY 



Mrs. Irvin Passmore, Chairman Education, 
Northern District 

A prominent German in the Reichstag 
said: "America is a continent of jelly, full 
of indissoluble lumps of foreigners." He 
may have changed his mind recently about 
the jelly, but we shall have to credit him 
with some intelligence concerning the 
lumps. The dissolving of these lumps is 
our immediate business if we are to have 
national unity. 

Chester Rowell said that the war would 



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THE CLUBWOMAN 



"Christianize Christians and Americanize 
Americans." If the same results might be 
secured for Americans here in America, 
and if in addition the educated were re- 
educated, the greater part of our problem 
would be solved and the rest would be ex- 
tremely simple. Exploitation of the for- 
eigner would cease. Sanitary and comfort- 
able quarters in which to live and to work 
would be given him. He would be treated 
as a human being instead of being barely 
tolerated. He would receive justice in- 
stead of court decisions manipulated by 
Americans of wealth and influence. He 
would see laws obeyed instead of overrid- 
den to his misfortune. With this happy 
condition once established, riots in the hop 
fields, disturbances in the fruit sheds, 
strikes in the shipyards, and trouble in the 
rice fields would largely disappear. Immi- 
grants would become anxious to learn our 
language, customs, laws, and home life, and 
would welcome the advances of Americans. 
However, the situation must be dealt 
with as we find it at the present moment. 
A few means are at our disposal. Com- 
munities having the demand for a Home 
Teacher should supply one according to the 
law passed in 1915. This teacher will reach 
the home life of the alien and assist the 
mother with her English, as well as assist 
her toward American methods of living. 
The confidence of the padrone, as the 
Italians call their leader, can be secured 
with beneficial results. The foreigners can 
be encouraged to assist in certain com- 
munity functions, such as school and par- 
ent-teacher programs, as well as community 
center and civic gatherings, thus coming 
into active contact with the American peo- 
ple. 

The characteristics of the various nation- 
alities and their ability to become Ameri- 
canized should be studied. If any are found 
who fail completely to respond to our cus- 
toms and ideals of living, let us eliminate 
them by treaty or legislation and devote 
our energies to the ones showing some 
improvement. 

While using every present available 
method, we should be providing more 
effective measures. Above all, a central- 
ized department of government, with an 
appropriation, and specialized workers to 
lead in a splendid educational program; 
community Americanization clubs wher- 
ever there is need for such organizations. 



COUNTY FEDERATION 



During the last two years there has de- 
veloped under "war pressure" a "communi- 
ty" spirit and interest born of patriotism 
and sacrifice that holds great promise for 
democracy if we can but hold this awak- 
ened spirit and translate it into action for 



the common good — as Eloyd George says, 
"before it grows cold in the frigid atmos- 
phere of self interest." 

As a people we have been alive to our 
common interests and awake to our Na- 
tional and civic ■ responsibilities as never 
before. And the best expression of this 
new spirit and this common interest has 
been found in our county and community 
war organizations. These organizations 
were built up in response to the call to 
"help win the war," but they were immedi- 
ately made conscious that all war work is 
not military in character but "that the pro- 
tective and conserving agencies of peace 
are peculiarly necessary in war time when 
increased pressure in every department of 
life and of industry tends to throw off the 
safeguards it has taken a generation to 
achieve." 

And so it has come about that the or- 
ganizations built up for war work have 
learned much of the ordinary and normal 
life and interests of the community and may 
be the means of solving many of the prob- 
lems of these communities. 

Because the war is over let us not lose 
the permanent blessings the war has made 
possible for us. 

Shall we not keep for service in peace 
times the community spirit that has served 
us so splendidly during the war? 

In other words, have we not demon- 
strated the value and the need of County 
Federation, and is the time not here for 
the California Federation of Women's 
Clubs to function in every county in this 
State through a County Federation? 



AMERICANIZATION 



How can we talk about Americanizing 
the foreigner unless we see that a standard 
wage that enables him to maintain Ameri- 
can standards of living, is guaranteed him? 
Mexicans are brought here to do the rough 
work of the railroads or the farms; they 
must buy their supplies at the railroad 
stores and pay a higher price for them; 
they are begrudged a decent wage; they are 
called lazy and worthless. Who is to blame 
if they do qot want to fight for this coun- 
try and are not eager to become loyal 
American citizens? The influenza epidemic 
disclosed shocking conditions of poverty 
among the foreign population which we 
would dislike to believe was American. 



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Garments for Women, Misses 
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DECEMBER, 1918 



37 



YANKS 



— James W. Foley, 
0"Lear-y from Chicago, and a first class 

fightin' man. 
Born in County Clare or Kerry, where the 

gentle art began; 
Sergt. Dennis P. O'Leary, from somewhere 

on Archie Road, 
Dodgin' shells and smellin' powder while 

the battle ebbed and flowed. 

And the captain says: "O'Leary. from your 

fightin' company 
Pick a dozen fightin' Yankees and come 

skirmishin' with me; 
Pick a dozen fightin' devils, and I know it's 

you who can." 
And O'Leary, he saluted like a first class 

fightin' man. 

O'Leary's eye was piercin' and O'Leary's 
voice was clear: 

"Dimitri Georgeoupoulos!" and Dimitri an- 
swered "Here!" 

Then "\'Iadimir Slaminsky! Step three 
paces to the front, 

For we're wantin' you to join us in a little 
Heinie hunt!" 

"Garibaldi Ravioli!" Garibaldi was to 

share: 
And Ole Axel Kettleson!" and "Thomas 

Scalp-the-Bear!" 
Who was Choctaw by inheritance, bred in 

the blood and bones, 
But set down in army records by the name 

of Thomas Tones. 



in Saturday Evening Post. 
"Van Winkle Schuyler Stupvesant." Van 

Winkle was a bud 
From the ancient tree of Stuyvesant and 

had it in his blood; 
"Don Miguel de Colombo!" Don Miguel's 

next kin 
Were across the Rio Grande when Don 

Miguel went in. 

"Ulysses Grant O'Sheridan!" L'lysses' sire, 

you see. 
Had been at Appomato.x near the famous 

apple tree; 
.\nd "Patrick Michael Casey!" Patrick 

Michael, you can tell. 
Was a fightin' man by nature with three 

fightin' names as well. 

"Toe Wheeler Lee!" And Joseph had a 
pair of fightin' eyes; 

-\nd his grand-dad was a Johnny, as per- 
haps you might surmise; 

Then "Robert Bruce MacPherson!" And 
the Yankee squad was done 

With "Isaac Abie Cohen!" once a light- 
weight champion. 

Then O'Leary paced 'em forward, and says 

he: "You Yanks, fall in!" 
And he marched 'em to the captain. "Let 

the skirmishin' begin." 
Says he: "The Yanks are comin', and you 

beat 'em if you can!" 
.^nd saluted like a soldier and a first class 

fightin' man. 



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THE CLUBWOMAN 



VOLUNTEERS FOR HOME DEFENSE, 
ATTENTION! 



Dr. JESSICA B. PEIXOTTO, 

Executive Secretary of Federal Children's 

Bureau 



Volunteers for Home Defense, attention! 
Home Defense work, like hearth fires, must 
be alive in peace as in war! Reconstruction 
always! Democracy's program for today, 
for tomorrow, permits nothing less. 

When the historian shall write of this 
war, — now ended, thank God — unless tradi- 
tional preference for tales of combats and 
politics condition his work, his story will 
add to the stirring narrative of the achieve- 
ment of arms and government, another 
chapter. 

The Great Army of Volunteer Service 
that has been at work behind the lines in all 
countries will also be a part of his theme. 

"Food will win the War" said Herbert 
Hoover and women who for years had 
ostentatiously cultivated the appearance of 
careless spenders, made it matter of patri- 
otic duty to go themselves to select food, 
to ration their households and to force sub- 
stitutes upon surprised palates. 

"Liberty depends on loans," said Secre- 
tary McAdoo in ringing unchanging phrase. 
Forthwith women's Liberty Loan Commit- 
tees sprang up in thousands, valiantly and 
successfully to indulge the instinct for get- 
ting our neighbors' surplus. 

"The Health of the Child is the power 
of the Nation," said Julia Lathrop, and thou- 
sands of Child Welfare Committees have 
responded, weighing and measuring millions 
of children, organizing at the same time a 
campaign to fight physical defect, illiteracy 
and deadened existence, with the weapons of 
good food, trained mothers, prolonged and 
technical schooling, and play supervised yet 
care-free. 

"Bring the denizen not yet a citizen to a 
sense of his privileges and his duties in the 
commonwealth," said numerous government 
agencies. Thereupon the Americanization 
movement found thousands to work for it 
where before the war, there had been tens. 

And weaving in and about all this Social 
service, came the work of the hands of mil- 
lions of women, serving the needs of the 
combatants. In munition works, they rolled 
cartridges; in Red Cross chapter rooms they 
rolled bandages, made, packed and sent to 



the hospitals overseas, to Belgium and Eng- 
land, clothing for the sick and the suffer- 
ing. Day to day quests, night to night com- 
mittee meetings — public service, novel, un- 
hesitating, unremitting. 

And now, Peace — Is the service to be 
abandoned? Will the American woman- 
hood that came out in war time en masse 
to give purposeful national service, return 
now to the housewife's undifferentiated 
tasks, or society's dull round of purchases, 
visits, bridge games, dinners, dances and 
sanatoria? 

It is unbelievable. Who gives receives. 
Women are not likely to withdraw again to 
the little circle of "me and my husband, my 
children and their children, these and no 
more." For the very sake of this circle, 
she must be citizen as well as housewife. 

National unity waits upon the time when 
the men and women who have escaped or 
adventured to our shores have been ad- 
justed to their environment; national unity 
waits for political equality to be completed. 
But Americanization and the voting priv- 
ilege are instruments. National Unity means 
first and foremost a social management in 
peace times carried on with the same glow- 
ing zest that we have this past year put 
out against a menacing Kultur. That fight 
levelled differences of income, occupation, 
sex, age, education and affiliation. All to- 
gether we waged it — men and women of 
memory and imagination will see cause and 
need for the same kind of unity, when tne 
fight ceases to be a fight for physical vic- 
tory. 

War is tragedy — but "poverty is tragedy," 
ignorance is tragedy, industrial inequality is 
tragedy. These real enemies of Democracy 
stand grimly menacing peace and order. 
Industry's machine guns are not yet cap- 
tured by community effort. 

Whatever influences for work all together 
for open discussion, women can exert — they 
should use now with all their might. The 
world is full of revolutionary stir. It can 
be disarmed only by democratic free speech 
and ordered community action. 



DECEMBER, 1918 



39 



INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS BETWEEN WOMEN 
OF EUROPE AND AMERICA 



Wc knew before the 
some international bodies of women existed 
but very few of us took an active part in 
them. It is only since the beginning of the 
Great struggle that the organization of ex- 
change between women of the old and new 
World was rapidly promoted. 

To cross the Atlantic, for a European 
woman with education, was quite a task 
before the War. It was generally consid- 
ered the "most extravagant idea." Only 
the so-called "emigrant women" were sup- 
posed to go to America. I remember well 
the numerous arguments I used to have to 
combat, first in 1913 when after finishing the 
Law School in Paris I made up my mind 
to visit America. I realized that with all 
my scientific equipment I could acquire a 
great deal of practical experience in a 
pioneer country like the United States. 

I saw in 1914 all the International laws 
violated by the Germans in Poland, but this 
instead of weakening my plans seemed to 
give me a new impulse for going to 
America. I realized that if the women in 
the United States would know something 
of the heroism and sufferings of the Po- 
lish women all of them would be eager 
to help. 

This idea was so intense that nothing 
could discourage me. I used to hear that 
the women in America were only inter- 
ested in practical questions and that I 
would have a hard time to find somebody 
to understand the meaning of international 
relations. However, I was decided to "try." 
What did interest me specially was to see 
the practical achievements of American 
women along various organization work. 

W'hen in 1916 I succeeded to cross the 
-Atlantic my former vision of international 
relations between women, a dream in 1913, 
was an etsablished fact. I found the In- 
ternational Woman's Association of Com- 
merce organized in 1918 in Chicago, rep- 
resenting women of Europe, America and 
Australia. Its purpose is to advance the 



Ralphs Grocery Co. 



*By JUSTINE KLOTZ, LL.L., 
University of Paris 

war started that interests of women in professional, indus- 
trial and commercial work throughout the 
world and to unite all women into an 
association for co-operation and friendly 
helpfulness. 

A new movement for international edu- 
cation of woman was launched by the 
French Government when ISO French girls 
were sent here to study in the various col- 
leges. This made me to greatly desire that 
the opportunities which the French girls 
enjoy in the American colleges be rapidly 
extended to other European girls. For 
instance, women of the Slavic nations, 
should be given the possibility to study in 
.America. I am convinced that this new 
group, besides broadening their own expe- 
rience, would be a valuable element in the 
American colleges. 

Nothing will contribute better for an es- 
tablishment of solid international relations 
between various nations than a permanent 
interchange of their students and education- 
al leaders. 

A great many American women went to 
Europe with the Red Cross, Salvation 
Army, Y. M. C. A., Y. W. C. A., and later 
with various reconstruction units, in order 
to help the European women in their tre- 
mendous task during the war. On this side 
you could meet in America the most repre- 
sentative women of Europe who were sent 
here on various missions. 

The new international conscience, and the 
sense of a common solidarity among women 
is, perhaps, the greatest achievement of the 
Great War. The readjustment of the world 
and the reconstruction work in Europe 
would be inconceivable without the com- 
bined efforts of all women. There is no 
doubt that the international bodies of women 
students, business and professional women, 
will take an important share in the big tasks 
before us. 

The future only will show the concrete 
results from this international movement 
among women; what we can claim today is 
that the acquaintance of the peoples of 
Europe and America contributed to the de- 
velopment of international relations, and 
that the women who crossed the Atlantic, 
on both sides, can claim a modest share in 
this pioneer movement. 



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40 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



DEPARTMENT OF LITERATURE 

FRANCES M. CARLTON-HARMON, State Chairman 

Reading List — December, 1918 



BOOKS ABOUT THE GREAT WAR 

FICTION— 

The War Workers E. M. Delafield 

Hira Singh Talbot Mundy 

The Rough Road W.J.Locke 

The Amazing Interlude M. R. Rinehart 

Toward Morning I. A. R. Wylie 

The War Eagle W. J. Dawson 

Translations — 

The Four Horsemen of the .\pocalypse Blascoe Ibanez 

Colette Baiidoche Maurice Barres 

The Heart of Alsace Benj. Vallotton 

• The Flame that is France Henri Malherbc 
(This last was the Goncourt Prize Book for 1917) 



Short Stories (Book Form) — 
Home Fires in France 
Tales of War 
Walking Shadows 
Gentlemen at Arms 

DRAMA— 

The Unseen Host 

Out There 

The Old Lady Shows Her Medals 

Translation — 

The Burgomaster of Stillemond 

POETRY— 
Collections — 

More Songs of the Fighting Men 

War Verse 

Individual Poets — 
Crosses of ^^'ar 
Gethsemane 
Man Who Was 
Fairies and Fusiliers 
City Ways and Company Streets 
Drums in Our Street 
Songs of Sergeant Swanson_ 

(These are Norwegian dialect poems.) 



Dorothy Canfield 
Lord Dunsany 
Alfred Noyes 
"Centurion" 



Percival Wilde 
Hartley Manners 
James Barrie 

Maurice Maeterlinck 



MacDonald ed. 
Frank Foxcroft ed. 



M. S. Andrews 
Rudyard Kipling 
William Watson 
Robert Graves 
Charles Divine 
Mary C. Davies 
\\ illiam Kirk 



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DECEMBER, 1918 



41 



ESSAYS AND NARRATIVES— 

War and the Future 

Soldier Silhouettes 

An Englishman's Home 

With Those Who Wait 

From Berlin to Bagdad 

The Children of France and the Red Cross 
Translations — 

Behind the Scenes in the Reichstag 
(Author was Alsatian Deputy) 

The New Book of Martyrs 

(Author is a French physician) 

Fighting France 

(Author is editor of Le Matm) 

Sister Clare 

Secret Press in Belgium 
Essays in the magazines — 

Tribus Germanicus 

American and Briton 

My Mission in London 

The Real Paris 

Germany's Ruling Idea 

Peace \Vithout Amnesties 
All the articles appearing in the Atlantic under the 

"The Great War" 

BOOKS THAT DISCUSS SOCIAL AND 
FICTION— 

Joan and Peter 

The Magnilicent Ambersons 

My Antonia 

God's Counterpoint 

Nocturne 

The Runaway Woman 

The Spinners 

Foe Farrell 
Translation — 

The Inferno 

Dr. Adrian 
DRAMA— 

The Title 

Exiles 

What Every Woriian Knows 

Everybody's Flusband 
Translation — 

The Fourteenth of July (Danton) 



John Masefield 
W. L. Stidger 
Annie C. Smith 
Frances Huard 
W. Schreiner 
June Lucas 

E. Wetterle 

E. Duhamel 

Stephen Lauzanne 

M. R. Monlaur 
Jean Massart 

Atlantic (November) 
Yale Review (July-September) 
Dublin Review (July-September) 
Atlantic (Aug.-Sept.) 
Fortnightly (September) 
Nineteenth Century (October) 
caption — 

DOMESTIC CONDITIONS 

H. G. Wells 
Booth Tarkington 
^Yilla Gather 
H. D. Beresford 
Frank Swinnerton 
Louis Dodge 
Eden Phillpotts 
Arthur Quiller-Coucli 

Henri Barbusse 
L. Couperus 

Arnold Bennet 
James Joyce 
James Barrie 
Gilbert Cannan 

Romain Rolland 



FICTION— 

A Chance to Live 

Many Mansions 

The Paper Cap 

Cheerful (by request) 
POETRY— 

Cornhuskers 



INDUSTRIAL CONDITIONS 



Zoe Beckley 
Sara McConnell 
Amelia Earr 
Edna Ferber 

Carl Sandburg 



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42 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



BOOKS THAT CARRY FORWARD THE AMERICAN TRADITION OF 

LOCAL STUDIES 



FICTION— 

Maggie of Virginsburg (Pennsylvania) 

Shavings (Cape Cod) 

Fire Cracker Jane (Mexico) 

Lovers of Louisiana (Louisiana) 

The Reclaimers (Kansas) 

The Triumph of John Kars (The Yukon) 

Short Stories — 

E. K. Means (Negro stories) 
Edgewater People (New England) 

POETRY— 
Collections — 

Songs of Men 

Individual Poets — 

Echoes and Realities 
The Mirthful Lyre 
Songs for a Little House 
Lanterns in Gethsemane 
Poems, Essays, Letters 

The Joys of Being a Woman 
Walking-stick Papers 
The Village (Russia) 

WOMEN'S WORK— 

The Young Woman Citizen 
Mobilizing Woman Power 



ESSAYS 



H. R. Martin 
Joseph Lincoln 
Alice Haines 
George Cable 
M. H. McCarter 
Ridgewell Cullum 

E. K. Means 

Mary Wilkins Freeman 



Robert Frothingham 

W. P. Eaton 
Arthur Guiterman 
Christopher Morley 
Willard Wattles 
Joyce Kilmer 

Winifred Kirkland 
Robert Cortes Holliday 
Ernest Poole 



Mary Austin 
M. S. Blatch 



BIOGRAPHIES 



AMERICAN— 

Life and Letters of Joel Chandler Harris 

Education of Henry Adams 

Life and Times of Stephen Girard 

FOREIGN— 

One of Them (Russian immigrant) 

A Writer's Recollections 

Eminent Victorians 

Mrs. Private Peat 

Far Away and Long Ago 



J. C. Harris 

H. Adams 

J. B. McMaster 

Elizabeth Hasanowitz 
Mrs. Humphrey Ward 
Lytton Strachey 
Mrs. H. R. Peat 
W. H. Hudson 



Attention is called to "Poets of Modern France," translated, with an interesting intro- 
duction by Ludwig Lewisohn. 

And to the translation of an old, and a new play by Maurice Maeterlinck, "The Be- 
trothal," a sequel to the "Blue Bird"; and the "Miracle of Saint Anthony", a 
delightful satire. 



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Official Or|an of the 

California Rderation oj 

Women's Clubs 

Coinpose<I of over 40000 Members 




rs- J. L- Gillis, 
State Library'' , 

Sacrarrento , Cal. 




<t^ 



January, 1919 
Vol. XI. No. 4 




For"a Quarter Cen- 
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The Clubwoman 



Hyde Park, Cal 
Box 3 



Official Organ of the California Federation of Women's Clubs 

Composed of Over 40,000 Members 

PUBLISHED MONTHLY 

OFFICES 

Los Angeles, Cal. 

Brack Shops 

Telephone 79638 Connecting All Departments 



San Francisco, Cal. 
1942 A Hyde St. 



DR. LOUISE HARVEY CLARKE. State Chairman and Southern Federation Editor, 1046 Orange St., Riverside 
MISS JESSICA LEE BRIGGS, State Chairman and Northern Federation Editor, 1942A Hyde St., San Francisco 
MRS. J. A. MATTHEWS, Club Representative, Brack Shops, Los Angeles 

Copy from the Clubs Must be Sent to the District Press Chairmen 

Subscription Price, Fifty Cents the year. Ten Cents the Copy 

Entered at the Hyde Park PostofKce as second-class matter. 

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DOROTHY DALTON 



"QUICK-SANDS" 



Seven Feature Attractions 



THE CLUBWOMAN 




REETINGS: On the threshold of the New 
Year and at the dawn of a new existence begin- 
ning with the establishment of World Peace, 
we extend to you our most sincere wishes for complete 
Happiness and Prosperity ; for the accomplishment of 
your most sanguine hopes; for the attainment of your 
most cherished ideals. 

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have accepted Starr instruments; and the patronage 
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^lESfl^l 




CONTENTS 

Editorial Notes 7 

State President's Letter 8 

General Federation 9 

Council of Defense 12 

In Memoriam 15 

A Memorial to Edith Cavell 16 

A New Vision and New Opportunity 17 

Minutes of Conference of County Educa- 
tion, Americanization and Child Wel- 
fare Chairmen 26 

The Women's Legislative Council..... 27 

Melting Pot 30 

The District News Stand 

Northern 31 

Los Angeles 32 

Southern 32 

San Francisco 33 

San Joaquin Valley 33 




THE CLUBWOMAN 




Scenes in Los Angeles City Parks 



JANUARY, 1919 



EDITORIAL NOTES 



MESSAGE FROM THE NEW YEAR 

I am the New Year and I bring to you a 
"New Vision" filled with great "Opportuni- 
ties." Good or bad, I shall be what you 
make of me. I am a very New Year and I 
do not know you, but in the time I was 
waiting to be born I learned much wisdom 
from the Old Years. Some said that you 
diminished your power by scattering your 
forces, that is, in trying to accomplish many 
things you did nothing really well. I hope 
you will not use me in this fashion for I 
want to go down in Historj' as the most suc- 
cessful Year of all the Ages and I am look- 
ing to the Women of America, especially 
the club women, to fulfill this desire of mine. 
Other Years said that you shirked responsi- 
bilities and were not to be depended upon, 
but that was before the great World War. 
You have shown by your service during that 
gigantic struggle that you have been regen- 
erated and I know that you will never go 
back to the old ways. "Vestigia nulla re- 
trorsum." You see I am a very wise young 
Year. Self confidence is one of the hall 
marks of youth and accomplishment, and 
the lack of it, marks the decadent life. 

1918, in passing, left as a golden legacy 
two pieces of work to be done — "American- 
ization" and "Children's Year." Both are 
tasks worthy of the best that is in you, and 
as an investment in patriotism and the fu- 
ture welfare of your country it is one hun- 
dred per cent clear profit. In the few days 
1 have been among you I hear much of 
"Reconstruction." Just what it means is not 
clear to me and seems a bit hazy in your 
own minds. Many of the after-war prob- 
lems that confront the world at the present 
time will solve themselves; some are mere 
men of straw; while others will require the 
keenest intellect, judgment tempered with 
charity, and rare common sense. These are 
tasks for trained workers. Then see that 
when you hour strikes for service you are 
prepared. Only a fool or traitor will glory 
in the shame of unpreparedness. 

-\nd now 1919 greets you and promises 
you a happy year, not unmixed with sorrow, 
for he who knows not something of the 
bitter things of life can never feel the full 
joy of its blessings. If you with the vision 
and the opportunities before you will use 
each hour of eacn day wisely and well I 
shall be able to write into the Record of the 
Years the nolile deeds of noble women, sur- 
passing tliose of any age. 



WOMEN ON GRAND JURY 

Women for the first time have been 
drawn to serve on the Grand Jury of River- 
side County. Six women, all club mem- 
bers, were sworn in on November 30, 1918: 
Mrs. H. .X. .-Ktwood of Riverside, chairman 
of Indian Welfare, Southern District; Mrs. 
\Vm. Copley and Miss Josephine Bootes, 
members of the Riverside Woman's Club; 
Mrs. J. H. .Atwater of Pedley, past presi- 
dent of the Glenavon X\'oman's Club; Mrs. 



F. J. Mueller, past president of the Improve- 
ment Club of Corona; and Mrs. K. R. Smoot 
of Beaumont, district chairman of Public 
Health. 

In his instructions to the Grand Jury, 
Judge Hugh H. Craig said; 

"I consider it a privilege to preside in 
this court upon the first occasion when 
women have been summoned to serve upon 
the Grand Jury of this county. The rapid 
growth of enlightened sentiment causes gen- 
eral acceptance of what once was strongly 
contested; that is that the political duties 
and responsibilities, as well as the political 
privileges and rights of women are in no 
degree different from those of men. The 
most surprising feature is that the present 
conditions in this respect had not been at- 
tained sooner. It should not be a matter 
of remark that it has come, but rather 
should it be a matter of reproach that this 
condition was so long delayed. I therefore 
welcome the opportunity to express my sat- 
isfaction that, with the formation of this 
Grand Jury, women are entering into a 
fuller participation in public affairs." 



DECEMBER CLUBWOMAN PRAISED 

Many letters and words of praise of the 
December Clubwoman have been received 
by the Editor and we pass them on to Mrs. 
Frank A. Gibson, Chairman of Education, 
to whom they belong and to whom belongs 
all the honors for this issue of The Club- 
woman — the best ever published. 



FEDERATED CLUB WOMEN WILL 
HONOR MRS. COWLES 

To honor Mrs. Josiah Fvans Cowles, 
president of the General Federation of 
Women's clubs, a luncheon will be held in 
Los Angeles January 9. 1919. The afifair is 
being planned by the State Federation of 
Women's clubs and among the guests of 
honor will be several distinguished eastern 
club women who plan to come to California 
on the first of the year. 

It is expected that club women of the 
southern district, under the leadership of 
Mrs. J. J. Suess, president, and also women 
from the Los Angeles district, Mrs. Matti- 
son B. Jones, president, will attend the 
luncheon in large numbers. 



A LOSS TO WOMEN 

The cause of women and the objects for 
which their organized efforts stand lost a 
powerful champion in the sudden death of 
Theodore Roosevelt. He stood pre-emi- 
nently for advanced thinking and progres- 
sive methods; for actual and not merely 
nominal political equality; for truth and 
honesty and sincerity in the admanistration 
of public office. While he and the leaders 
of women were not always in entire ac- 
cord as to the means of attending their 
common ends, the ends were one and are 
the nearer to complete realization for the 
work of this great .\merican. 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



STATE PRESIDENT'S LETTER 

THE NEW YEAR IN FEDERATION 



The New Year holds so much of promise 
and hope — so many opportunities and such 
tremendous responsibilities, that we ap- 
proach it almost in fear and in trembling. 

How can we prove worthy of the work 
entrusted to our hands, and will we be equal 
to the responsibilities laid upon us? 

For four years there has been a mighty 
struggle in the world wherein the forces 
of hate, of greed, of oppression, of selfish- 
ness, of autocracy have been challenged 
by the forces of love, of righteousness, of 
unselfishness, of democracy. 

And once more evil has been overcome 
by good; but the structure of civilization 
has been shaken to its very foundation, and 
now we must build again, and anew. 

The mind stands appalled at the respon- 
sibility, but the soul thrills at the oppor- 
tunity. 

We are allowed to choose some of the 
stones for the new building, and we may 
discard some that marred and helped to 
destroy the old. Is it any wonder that 
we approach the task with a humble heart 
and a fearful spirit? 

But our justification, our encouragement, 
and our accomplishment lies in just one 
thing — our unity. 

Ruskin has said "Mighty walls were 
never raised and never shall be, but by men 
who love and aid each other in their 
weakness. All the interlacing strength of 
vaulted stone has its foundation upon the 
stronger arches of true fellowship." 

With this knowledge in our hearts, what 
a mighty factor this great Federation of 
women might become in the rebuilding of 
a Nation, and even of a world. In the 
departments of work of the Federation of 
Women's Clubs there is an opportunity 
for all the constructive and reconstructive 
work necessary. In the organization of 
the Federation, there is the necessary mach- 
inery to carry on any and every kind of 
constructive work and educational propa- 
ganda. Through this machinery nearly 
three million women of the Nation can be 
reached in a short space of time, and it 
is capable of being extended until every 
woman in every household could be 
reached. We have only to look at the 
machinery of the various war agencies, 
most of which were organized on a county 
and precinct basis, to know what is pos- 
sible in this direction. 

In a volunteer service that can be secured 
through the Federation, it is possible to 
enlist in the service of humanity an army 
of unselfish workers, whose only incentive 
and whose only compensation need be the 
opportunity to serve. 

Upon what, then, does the potential 
power of our organization depend? Upon 
three things: 



First — Upon a realization that in our 
unity is our strength. We can achieve that 
unity only when we are willing to sacrifice 
personal opinion, prejudice, and advance- 
ment to the promotion of our ideals and 
principles. The lesser must give way to 
the greater, and we must learn ever to 
strive toward the goal, and seek to the 
perfect end, even though the road be un- 
even, and full of stumblings, and the means 
of attainment, imperfect. 

Second — Upon an understanding that a 
united service is a service that includes all; 
not the united club women, or the united 
church w-omen, or the united college 
women, but all women; not rich or poor, 
high or low, black or white, foreign or 
American, but one people. 

The opportunities and. privileges of our 
club life must be e.xtended to all women, 
and our Federation must finally include all 
organizations of women, before it can be 
of service to all. 

An organization in every county and 
every community of the State has been 
possible for war service. Can we not re- 
tain the community spirit and interest that 
has been so awakened, and provide a sim- 
ilar organization for the service of peace? 

Third — Upon an understanding of values 
in the business sense. We should learn to 
compare cause and effect, effort and result. 
Volunteer service cannot be recompensed, 
but it can and should be assisted, so that 
it need not spend itself upon detail and 
machinery, until there is no strength left 
for the work itself. We must not sacrifice 
the inspiration of our leadership to the 
mere drudgery of the effort. We have 
thought, sometimes, that women's work is 
not properly valued, and given considera- 
tion in accordance with its accomplishment. 
Perhaps it has been taken at the valuation, 
we, ourselves, put upon it. 

The California Federation of Women's 
Clubs, in its departments of work and study, 
undertakes to supply to 40,000 club women 
of the State, leadership, direction and ad- 
vice in art, music, history, literature, home 
economics, education, child welfare, civics, 
county life, industrial conditions, public 
health, federation extension, library service, 
international relations, crippled- children 
survey, Indian welfare: it is attempting to 
raise an endowment fund, a war victory 
fund, a club house loan fund: to publish a 
magazine; and to hold seven conventions 
a j'ear, at a per capita cost of fifteen cents. 

Perhaps thirdly should have been firstly! 

The justification, the hope, the service, 
of the Federation in the future, lie in our 
response to these three necessities of our 
organization life. 

BERTHA LOVEJOY CABLE. 
(Mrs. Herbert A.) 



JANUARY, 1919 



GENERAL FEDERATION 
A NEW YEAR'S GREETING 

From the President of the General Federation, 
MRS. JOSIAH E VANS COWLES 



To My Dear Friends of the California Fed- 
eration: 

The dawning of the New Year of 1919 
slioiild usher in the gladdest of all the glad 
Xcw Years of our history. 

-VICTORY IS OURS -VXD PEACE IS 
IX SIGHT." 

W hatever sorrow, or distress, may have 
been ours during the past j-ears and months 
of hideous warfare, let us resolutely turn 
our faces from the darkened past, lift our 
eyes to the glowing future, and sing songs 
of joy and peace as they have never before 
lieen sung by free peoples. 

Let glad paeans of praise ascend until this 
war-racked world is encircled by wave after 
wave of glorious harmony, and it shall be 
proclaimed, in every tongue and to all peo- 
ples. 

-THE LORD GOD OMNIPOTENT 
REIGXETH." 

Let us do all in our power to aid in estab- 
lishing a league of nations for the enforce- 
ment of future peace. 

There are many unusual, even grave, tasks 
that women will be called upon to undertake 
during the reconstruction period; but the 
mothers, wives and sisters of those brave 
and indomitalile defenders, who made the 
Marne. Chateau Thierry and other battle- 
lields sacredly famous, will not fail to face 
courageously and to overcome heroically, 
all obstacles tliat may confront them in their 
service for humanit3'. 

With confidence that you will do your full 
duty, sustain the integrity of both the State 
and General Federations, and maintain their 
high ideals, and with 

H.APPIEST NEW YE.\R WISHES TO 
ALL. 

Cordially, 

TOXE A'. H. COWLES. 



December 6, 1918. 
My Dear Friend and Co-Worker: 

All over the country, as we clubwomen 
know, the majoritj' of successful leaders in 
women's war service have been women 
who have received their training in clubs. 
But more than this is true. We, ourselves, 
have received a new vision of the value of 
our own work, since the greater part of 
the service which the Government has laid 
upon us, during this time of stress, has 
been along lines that the Federation had 
alread}' been pursuing. Now we see these 
activities as doubly and trebl}' valuable in 
the making of an efficient nation. 

One thing more. All over the United 
States there are thousands of women, who, 
up to this time, have never seen the value 
of organized work, until war blazed it large 
upon their conciousness. Now, they will 
never want to drop back into the old 
inertia and indifference and lead "do noth- 
ing" lives. 

Soon the war-emergency organizations 
will begin to disintegrate. It would seem 
folly, and worse than folly, if the Federa- 
tion should fail to realize that this is a 
great opportunity to liarvest this war-en- 
thusiasm and vision, and also these newly 
awakened women into club life. 

The General Federation of Women's 
Clubs is the one great, permanent organiza- 
tion, fully equipped, to carry on all of the 
special constructive policies that war has 
shown to be essential to women's public 
service — a Unified America, a nation of 
Industrial fairness and efficiency, a country 
that gives every child its maximum of op- 
portunity in health and education, a people 
that knows its own resources and brings 
them into their greatest service. 

I wish to urge every State President. 



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10 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



every Director, and every General Federa- 
tion State Secretary, to make the most of 
this new opportunity. Line up your state 
workers; find out what new women have 
developed war efficiency in every commun- 
ity and get them into clubs. Gather new 
clubs into the Federation. Speed up the 
understanding of Federation policies and 
their relation to national well-being. 

HARVEST WAR-WISDOM TO THE 
SERVICE OF THE FUTURE. 

Make the Federation, both State and 
General, the fine organ of women's work 
that we know it can be. 

With the season's greetings, 

Faithfully yours, 
lONE V. H. COWEES. 
Mrs. Josiah Evans Cowles, 
President. 



GENERAL FEDERATION OFFICER 

TO MAKE HER HOME IN 

CALIFORNIA 

California club women are glad to wel- 
come to their ranks Mrs. Edwin A. Knapp, 
of Kansas City, Chairman of the Press 
Committee G. F. W. C. Mrs. Knapp has 
come to California to LIVE as she writes 
it. Her address is 2121 Windsor avenue, 
Pasadena. Mrs. Knapp has served on the 
Press Committee of the General Federation 
for the past six years as vice chairman and 
succeeded Mrs. 'Thomas G. Winter of Min- 
neapolis as chairman last May. She has 
been editor of the Woman's Department of 
the Kansas City Post for four years and is 
a frequent contributor to newspapers and 
magazines. Mrs. Knapp has served on the 
board of managers of the Kansas City 
Athenaeum for the past six years; is a mem- 
ber of the Kansas City Woman's Club; 
Woman's Dining Club; Woman's Commer- 
cial Club and the suffrage organizations of 
that city. She has been active in the civic 
life of that city for years. In national work, 
Mrs. Knapp is a member of the press com- 
mittee of the National Council of Women 
and the Daughters of the American Revo- 
luiotn. 

With so wide an experience in different 
lines of club and national work, Mrs. Knapp 
will bring to the club women of California 
inspiration and help. She is already a pretty 
good Californian as the following comments 
upon her coming to California to live will 
show. 

"The dream of a lifetime has been real- 
ized in my coming to this land of sunshine, 
flowers and opportunity. Surely this is the 
garden spot of the world. When I look out 
upon its beauties and consider what God 
and man have done for it, I am filled with 
awe and wonder. Surely only the best that 
is within one will find expression amid such 
ideal surroundings. Life cannot help but be 
on a higher plane where Art is worked out 
in the every-day life of a people. For this 
reason, if for none other, the future of Cali- 
fornia and its people is bound to be great. 
I expect to spend in this glorious State the 
best years of my life; to fijid here the things 
that satisfy and make life worth living. 



Looking up as I do every day at the Sierra 
Madre range, with Mounts Lowe and Wil- 
son and their great observatories plainly 
visible; with a peep at Old Baldy nearly 
every day, I am already finding a peace and 
repose that is truly inspiring. As for the 
women of this State, I have long known of 
their progressive spirit and great ability, so 
that I am looking forward with anticipa- 
tion to meeting them personally." 



A LETTER TO CLUB PRESIDENTS 

At the last Biennial convention of the 
General Federation of Women's Clubs, each 
State represented pledged a subscription to 
the "General Federation Magazine" for 
every club in its federation. In order to 
make tlie matter of especial interest to Cali- 
fornia clubs, our State President, Mrs. Her- 
bert A. Cable, arranged for a combination 
offer which enables the clubs to secure both 
this splendid publication and our own "Ckib- 
woman" at the very low rate of One Dollar 
and Twent3'-Five Cents ($1.25) per year. 

Perhaps you have already taken advan- 
tage of this and know what a valuable op- 
portunity it affords the clubs and members 
thereof. If not, may we again urge you to 
avail yourself of the privilege which is of 
such great educational value to club women, 
and thus help to insure California's fulfill- 
ment of its pledge? 

The December issue of the "Clubwoman" 
is a very special number of increased size 
and unusual interest in special articles. 
Kindly bring this to the attention of your 
members and urge them to order extra cop- 
ies to mail to friends in other cities as a 
New Year's greeting from California. 

Both the "Clubwoman" and the "General 
Federation Magazine" should be on every 
presidents' desk if she would give to her 
club the most efficient service. 

Kindly send your subscriptions to Mrs. 
Edward Dexter Knight, General Federation 
Secretary, 58 Woodland Avenue, San Fran- 
cisco, California. 

Yours sincerely, 

HELEN M. KNIGHT, 
General Federation State Secretary. 



MECCA DATES FOR DESTROYER 
CREWS 

Tons of dates, the crop grown by the 
United States department of agriculture in 
the date testing gardens at Indio and Mecca, 
California, will be supplied to the navy de- 
partment for the use of crews on board de- 
stroyers. 

In supplying these dates to the navy de- 
partment the specialist of the department of 
agriculture will obtain valuable data on the 
keeping qualities of the varieties being 
tested, as well as on the effect of the differ- 
ent maturation processes and methods of 
packing used in preparing the dates for 
shipment — information that will be valuable 
to the rapidly developing industry in the 
Southwest. The dates, a confection rich in 
sugar, the department specialists say, are of 
great value as a concentrated food. 



JANUARY, 1919 



11 



A REVIVAL OF INTEREST IN HOME 
BEAUTIFYING 

One of the most conspicuous results of 
returning from war-time to peace is rel^ected 
in the revised interest in home beautifying. 
In discussing this matter with a representa- 
tive of the "Club Woman" Mr. A. H. Voigt, 
president of the California Furniture Co., 
passed some very interesting sidelights on 
the situation. 

As nearly as the writer can recall Mr. 
Voigct's comment, this is what he said, "The 
strength of any nation is in its homes. The 
United States entered the great world war 
that the homes of the world might be pro- 
tected. It was the home-loving spirit, which 
dominates the hearts of true Americans, that 
inspired the United States to enter the fight 
in the cause of democracy and home preser- 
vation." 

"True enough, thought has been some- 
what diverted from interest in home beau- 
tifying during the war period, but now with 
the coming of peace there is logically tak- 
ing place a revival in home interest such 
as we have never seen before. The boys 
are beginning to come home and it is the 
desire of those who have been left behind 
that the boys shall come to homes that shall 
reflect the importance of the cause for which 
they have been so valiantly fighting." 

"Then again during the long war period 
entertaining has been at a low ebb and now 
its revival emphasizes the great many needs 
in the home which may have existed for a 
long time, but have not been countenanced." 

"The present revival of home beautifying 
interest is, however, perfectly natural. There 
is a certain standard to which the American 



people aspire as home lovers, and while this 
standard has not been fully maintained dur- 
ing the war period, recovery to natural con- 
ditions is imminent and is now taking place." 
place." 

"We find that the principal interest in 
home beautifying at the present time is in 
supplementing the present furnishings of 
the home. True enough there are a great 
many homes being completely furnished, but 
the volume of business at the present time 
is coming from supplementary furnishings — 
the supplying of perhaps new floor coverings, 
or new draperies, or perhaps new wall pa- 
pers, or the introduction of a new easy chair 
or two, or perhaps a table or some other 
special piece of furniture which is lacking, 
or is necessary to give modern tone and the 
comfort effect to some special room." 

"We have always maintained that any 
home furnishing institution owes to its pub- 
lic a helpful and advisory service. To this 
end we have always held the service of our 
institution above its commercial aspects. 
We have always gone into the market very 
critically to select the most worthy and the 
very newest types of home furnishings, and 
we have always maintained that further 
price reductions were not only unnecessary 
but impossible. In other words we have 
always felt, and we have carried out this be- 
lief in actual policy, that our service to the 
public should include more than the mere 
selling of furniture. It should comprehend 
the proper guidance and co-operation for 
which the public has a perfect right to look 
to us." 

"."X-t this particular time of revival in home 
interests we feel and assume our responsi- 
bility more keenly than ever before. 




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12 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



COUNCIL OF DEFENSE 

EMERGENCY SERVICE COMMITTEE 
Mrs. Seward A. Simons, Chairman 



The Emergency Service Committee was 
created to iill a war-time need. It is prob- 
able that, after the signing of Peace, its 
function and its service in the Federation 
of Clubs will automatically cease, but, per- 
haps, in the post-war period, before the 
actual signing of the terms of Peace, it 
may have some use in calling to the atten- 
tion of the club women those measures of 
readjustment and reconstruction in the so- 
cial, industrial and political conditions in 
the United States that have been so sharply 
indicated as necessary during the period of 
the war. 

Most clubs in their reorganization, have 
given definite consideration to the social 
welfare problems, which the Government, 
during the war, has given an importance 
and prominence they have not had before. 
The splendid beginning of an understand- 
ing of these problems which has been made 
should not be lost and the impulse which 
has been given to social service work 
should be retained and added to. 

The clubs have all been loyal and en- 
thusiastic in their support of the Govern- 
ment during "drives" and campaigns asked 
for by Federal Agencies. They have also 
realized the importance of the American- 
ization movement, the "Child Welfare" 
work, the safeguarding of the health and 
morals of the soldiers, and the educational 
and industrial questions which have been 
emphasized by the war. 

Food Conservation must go on. Twenty 
million tons is to be America's contribution 
to the food supply of the world outside of 
our own country. We must not forget the 
widows and children and the ruined homes 
of Belgium, France, Italy, Poland, Armenia, 
Servia. And what about our attitude towards 
the hungry people of Bulgaria, Turkey, 
Russia, Austria, Germany? 

The "Child Welfare" program, if it is 
thoroughly considered from all angles, may 
mean that three million children are taken 
out of industry, sent back to school and 
their jobs released for the adult workers — 
either the returning soldiers, or the women 
who have been forced into industry by the 
exigencies of war, but who wish to continue 
to work. 

"Americanization" is work worthy of the 
time and effort of our ablest and most in- 
telligent citizens; if American ,life and 
ideals should be interpreted to the foreign- 
born, is there not need to interpret to the 
Amercan-born, the life and ideals and 
achievements of our Allies in the war? 

If there is any function that the Emer- 
gency Service Committee can fill during 
this period, it will be to call on the clubs 
for their intelligent support of a program 



of reconstruction which will embrace many 
of the things that have hitherto been wom- 
en's special consideration, but which war 
conditions have shown concerned the wel- 
fare of all of the people. 

Everyone appreciates that there are se- 
rious problems of readjustment. It is not 
enough for the clubs to settle down with 
a feeling that pre-war conditions will nat- 
urally and quickly be established. Thej' 
must feel a responsibility about leading 
thought and movements and letting those in 
authority — the President of the United 
States, Congress, the Governor, our own 
State Legislature, know what they believe 
in and stand for, in no uncertain terms. 
They must also make known to their com- 
munities their views. With this in mind. 
Emergency Service District Chairmen 
should be ready_ to suggest programs and 
material for study along these various lines. 
It will only be by united effort, such as 
characterized the world at war, that will 
make possible any progress with these 
problems of Peace. 



WOMEN'S WAR SERVICE ARMIES 

(Developed under the Women's Committee, 

California State Council of Defense) 

(Mrs. F. T. Robson, Organizer)* 

The Women's War Service Army, a de- 
velopment of precinct, block or school dis- 
trict organization for house-to-house can- 
vassing, has become an integral part of 
California's War contribution to the Wom- 
en's Committee, Council of Defense. Its 
members have shown absolute devotion to 
the work, and have been veritable soldiers. 
It is the most democratic and representa- 
tive grouping of women, as its basis of 
membership is residence in specific blocks 
or school districts (the latter, if in the 
country). Its meetings, necessarily ar- 
ranged before each great undertaking, are 
therefore composed of women of all na- 
tionalities, and all strata of society, and we 
see the society woman and the factory 
woman fraternizing on a common ground 
of interest. And each woman has "some- 
thing definite" to do. 

The Counties which have done noble 
work through this medium so far, are: Ala- 
meda, Kern, Kings, Los Angeles, Madera, 
Mendocino, Riverside, Sonoma, Stanislaus, 
San Benito, San Diego, San Francisco, San 
Mateo, Santa Barbara, Santa Clara, Ven- 
tura and Yuba. Others, among them. Im- 
perial, have precinct organizations, not des- 
ignated as the. above, but working along 
the same lines. The co-operation of the 
Army has been eagerly sought by I0C3I 
committees, for every phase of war work. 



JANUARY, 1919 



13 



and our greatest difticulty has been to re- 
strict its activities to purely "Governmental 
and semi-Governmental" agencies. Its 
strength lies in the fact that it has been 
held intact, and directly under the vote and 
supervision of the local Women's Commit- 
tee, and its commanding officer is a member 
of the Committee Board. 

The work of the Armj^ has been house- 
to-house canvassing. Out of that have de- 
veloped certain responsibilities. Cases of 
need, uncovered, have been reported, espe- 
cially during the recent epidemic, and the 
officers have been made responsible to a 
degree, for the welfare of whole sections of 
a city. As a means of distribution of 
printed information, and general canvassing 
for funds, the Arm}' has been most effect- 
ive. It has stood ready for every emer- 
gency. It has also been of material as- 
sistance in the Loan drives. When the 
shipbuilders needed housing, the Army can- 
vassed with excellent results and filled the 
order. When the distracted doctors called 
for nurses, to care for influenza victims, 
the army signed up hundreds of women, 
having made the appeal directly, by word 
of mouth, at the same time, collecting hun- 
dreds of blankets, pillows, sheets and pieces 
of old linen, for use in the improvised hos- 
pitals. When the Red Cross wanted to 
know how many families of enlisted men 
were in the community, the Army furnished 
the information. Likewise, it registered all 
foreigners, with information as to their na- 
tionality, loj'alty. number of inembers n 
tlie family, etc. When the Children's Year 
program was to be carried out. the Army 
assisted by spreading the word among the 
mothers. One Army took a children's cen- 
sus to discover the number of children out 
of school. 

For Food propaganda the Army has 
been indispensable. In some cities, the reg- 
istration of citizens has been made through 
this medium, and pledges have been dis- 
tributed and signed, for loyal co-operation 
in all forms of War Work. One County 
has combined its War Service Army, and 
Women's Land Army, into one and the 
same organization, with obviousl}' satisfac- 
torj' results. 

Books for the camps and ships have 
1)een collected. In fact every activity 
which requires .general interest and com- 
liined force of the community, has lieen 
liandlcd efiiciently through this medium. 
Likewise, every emergency call has been 
brought before the people in short time. 
The great advantage of the plan is the 
speed with which a whole city may be cov- 
ered. The most intensive drives need take 
only two or three days, the first day to 
cover the district, and one or two days for 
follow-up work. Country Communities re- 
port tliat the}' can cover their territory in 
24 hours, even when there are long dis- 
tances to be reached. The usefulness of this 
institution can also be realized through the 
perfect and instant telephone chain system. 




"Happy 
New Year: 

—"to You, and You, 
and Everyone, and 

— "May you keep in 
mind that January is 
our month at Bullock's 

— "And there will be 
Muslin Underwear 
and Blouses, and 
White Goods, and 
Linens, and ever so 
many things and values 
and new srv'les in Silks 
and Suits and Hats and 
— but all month re- 
member, Bullock's and 
us — all this Happy 
New Month." 

(Signed) 

The Whities. 



14 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



which is the natural outcome of the organ- 
ization. Sometimes it is only necessary to 
make a telephone canvass. This greatly fa- 
cilitates things. 

We who have used this system of organ- 
ization, realize that none other can take its 
place. It is a question whether or not the 
devotion and enthusiasm necessary to make 
it a success, will hold over, now that the 
war is ended. But it has been a wonder- 
ful institution for the emergency needs of 
the time. The Berkeley Unit, Council of 
Defense, realized the loss of time and en- 
ergy required in re-organizing an army of 
canvassers for each drive, and so decided 
to make it a permanent organization, guar- 
anteed to cover the City for emergency in 
a day if necessary. 



*While Mrs. Robson was Chairman of the Berkeley 
Unit, she developed the first War Service Army which 
has been continued in Berkeley and has made possible 
the wonderful success of the -war activties of the 
Berkeley women. 



BERKELEY'S USE OF WAR SERVICE 
ARMY 

1. Collected books for soldiers and sail- 
ors. 18,000 Books and 10 tons of Maga- 
zines, collected, sorted, packed, marked and 
shipped in one day. 

2. Second Food Pledge Drive (first 
Drive was failure, only 'giving us 1200 
pledges). Second, 16,000 signatures. Ac- 
complished in three days with thorough 
canvass. 

3. Red Cross Membership drive, brought 
in over 8000 new members. 



4. Telephone Chain through Army, Bel- 
gian Relief old clothes drive. Collected 
twice the appointment for Berkeley. 

5. Survey (superficial but useful). In- 
formation about foreigners. "Americaniza- 
tion" — over 5000 cards filled out, and well 
done. In hands of our Americanization 
Committee now, which has filed them, and 
which is making a residence map from that 
information. 

6. Survey of Home Service for Red 
Cross. Enlisted men's families. 

7. Red Cross drive for funds, more than 
twice "over the top," much to the surprise 
of men members of Red Cross Committee, 
who found themselves with nothing to do 
for the canvassing. 

8. Took message of "No Wheat Pro- 
gram" to every house in Berkeley in 24 
hours. 

The Army in many places is used for 
everything. Liberty Loan, Thrift, etc. A 
badge or ribbon is generally used to iden- 
tify the Army workers when on a canvass. 

9. Held numerous meetings which reached 
women from all parts of the City. 

10. Liberty Loan Drives. 

Second Red Cross membership 
15,000 members.) 

Influenza Epidemic. Canvassed the 
city in one day and reported 300 volunteer 
nurses. Also collected much bed linen, pil- 
lows, etc., for University of California bar- 
racks. Also reported cases of want discov- 
ered during canvass. 



11. 
Drive 

12. 




Ohc Qlalifcrttm Tpsiteratiita: of 'Wjxmtn^B (iLluIis ettiiorscs 
tlt« mtrthttnts toltcss nh'attizsintxjmts n^ftnt in tlxe 
Clttbtocittait—it is rxur belief nfiex inbesix^niixxn ihnt entb 
xe^xessni^ i\xe iest hx Ms tesi^etibxe lint. „ „ „ 

3Hfe e6|n?«E:Ilg Jtsk \l\vA rlub vxevahzxs be lugal in Wae 
(•Uttijixwittctu—mjikc a :pcittt uf traithtg toiilt it«r niiteriissfs. 

QLlte merrJtsut ttpprsttcttss utmr ii«smcss, ixv.'t gii»r txx^xi^exn-' 
tjcn in tbis toill innke k i^ti'metiui xttn^mine pcssiUe. 



JANUARY, 1919 



15 



IN MEMORIAM 



"A life in civic action warm, 
A soul on highest mission sent." 

The sudden death of Mrs. Marguerite Og- 
den Steele came as a great grief to the 
women of California. In her short life she 
had accomplished much and made an envi- 
able record in her chosen profession. She 
was deeply interested in civic problems and 
political questions that affected women and 
children. 

Mrs. Steele was one of the best known 
women graduates of the University of Cali- 
fornia, former assistant dean of women at 
the institution, and for a time law partner 
of Mrs. Annette Adams, now United States 
attorney for northern district, was married 
to Francis Steele, also a University of Cali- 
fornia graduate, last July. She was a mem- 
ber of the Oakland Board of Education. 

Mrs. Steele at the time of her death was 
State Chairman of Conservation in the C. F. 
W. C. and at the State Executive Board 
meeting December Sth, 1918, the following 
resolutions were adopted: 

WHEREAS, In the untimely death of 
Mrs. Marguerite Ogden Steele, the State 
lias lost a brilliant attorney, an efficient 
worker in public affairs, and a valued leader 
in the activities of the California Federation 
of Women's Clubs; and 

WHEREAS, we recognize with sincere 
regret the blow suffered by the club women 
of California in the loss of Mrs. Steele and 
we voice our personal sorrow at the sever- 
ing of relations which were delightful and 
inspiring: therefore 

BE IT RESOLVED, that the Executive 
Board of the California Federation of Wom- 
en's Clubs, e.xtend to the members of the 
family of Mrs. Steele our sincere sympath3' 
for the loss of one whose memory must 
ever be a benediction: 

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that a 
copy of these resolutions be sent to the 
members of the family, be spread on the 
Minutes of the State Executive Board of the 
California Federation of Women's Clubs, 
and published in the "Clubwoman." 



PROMINENT FRIDAY MORNING 

CLUB WOMAN CALLED TO 

THE BEYOND 

The death of Miss Jane E. Collier of 
South Pasadena on December 9 brought 
sadness to many hearts in the Southland, 
where she was known and loved. 

Miss Collier was born in Birmingham, 
Iowa, in the year 1846, though the most of 
her young life was spent in Keokuk. Iowa, 
where her family resided till their removal 
to California. She attended Monmouth col- 
lege, and in her school days was always 
known for her keen intellect and versatile 
humor, which characterized her entire life, 
and made her a woman whose judgment and 
opinions have always been highly prized. 

Coming to California in the early days 
of 1876 with her sister, the late Mrs. Marga- 



ret Collier Graham, when Pasadena was a 
mere settlement of a few families, she has 
been allied with those vital forces which 
have marked the progress of that commun- 
ity. She early championed the cause of 
woman's rights, which have so materialized 
in recent years, and the final vitcor3' which 
resulted in the enfranchisement of our Cali- 
fornia women, was no doubt due to the pio- 
neering of just such women. As a charter 
member of the Friday Morning club. Miss 
Collier served that organization in various 
capacities, for many years holding high 
offices, and also as one of its directors. 

In her local community where she lived 
since 1887, she was one of the organizers of 
the Woman's Improvement association and 
its first president. The South Pasadena 
public library is one of the fruits of her un- 
tiring efliorts. Beginning in the early days, 
with a small circulation, and open only a 
part of each week, it has grown to now 
occupy its beautiful building, and with its 
efficient management is the oride of the en- 
tire city. Miss Collier was a meftiber of the 
library board at the time of her death. 

She is survived by her sister, Mrs. Martha 
Collier Mohr of South Pasadena, one 
brother, William Collier of Riverside, two 
nephews. Will L. Collier of Somis, Frank E. 
Collier of Riverside, and her niece, Mrs. 
James Hill of South Pasadena. 



'fTU Opportunity 
i to BQtter I 




Barker Bros.' 

Great Annual Clearance 

In Progress Now 

— Presenting more than A MILLION 
DOLLARS' WORTH OF FURNITURE 
and home-furnishings at tempting price 
savings. Don't miss this exceptional op- 
portunity to better your home. 




Furnishers of ComjortabU, Happy 
BETTER HOMES 

724 to 738 South Broadway 



16 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



A MEMORIAL TO EDITH CAVELL 
AT MILLS COLLEGE 

By DR. AURELIA HENRY REINHARDT 



On the anniversary of the death of Edith 
Cavell, an anonymous gift of $100 was sent 
to Mills College. With it came the request 
that it become the foundation of a fund out 
of which might be builded a suitable memo- 
rial to the memory of the English nurse who 
gave her life for her countrymen and the 
ideals which they were sent into Belgium 
to uphold. 

It is significant that Mills is given an op- 
portunity to prove its appreciation of the 
service of women in the world war. Fur- 
ther, in the selection of its memorial and 
its successful achievement, Mills may prove 
what she holds as the most appropriate 
memorial for women to erect to loyal wom- 
anhood. 

The iron ring about Belgium has been too 
recently broken for us to have heard the 
story from many witnesses at the trial of 
Edith Cavell. At her death, none but the 
enemies of her country and the judges who 
read her fatal sentence were present, and 
only they could finish the story. 

In .America we learned the main facts of 
the now historic incident, which slowly un- 
folded itself through six painful weeks, from 
our countrymen of the American Legation. 
Hugh Gibson, secretary to the legation, and 
Brand Whitlock, in his dramatic narrative 
of Belgium in the war, have told as far as 
they could know it, the detail of the cruel 
happenings. Sadly enough, both were for 
the most part helpless spectators. 

I can but mention her arrest and im- 
prisonment with other members of the or- 
ganization; the condemnation to imprison- 
ment of all the accused save the English 
woman, the condemnation to death of the 
little nurse. Of the secrecy and double deal- 
ing of her accusers, of the frantic efforts of 
friends to save one who had spent her whole 
life in serving others, of the ignominious 
death she suffered in solitude, you must read 
elsewhere with sorrow and indignation. 

But that which I would emphasize as 
worthy your memory and homage is the 
woman's simple faith in God and goodness, 
her loyalty to death for England and her 
allies, and last, the quiet, uncomplaining 
sacrifice of self, that others might have a 
chance for life and liberty, for personal hap- 
piness and their country's service. 

It is fitting' that France and England are 
both erecting memorials to Edith Cavell, 
who served English soldiers and French 
soldiers with entire devotion. 

What memorial might America fashion to 
commemorate such a life and death as Edith 
Cavell's. Our country is young in art and 
in world achievement. It is essentially a 
land of enthusiasm, of inspiration, of experi- 
mentation. How can we show our appre- 
ciation in fitting and honest form? 

The generation in which we are living is 



making definite demands of American 
women. We are having to learn new tasks 
that have little to do with the age-old tasks 
of fireside and home. Women must help on 
the vast socializing tasks upon which the 
world had entered before the war and of 
which now the work of reconstruction 
makes a part. The task of humanizing in- 
dustry, of socializing work and recreation, 
of organizing community life so that all 
shall know health and beauty, all shall have 
opportunity of education and employment 
Educational institutions are but beginning 
to adjust themselves to this vague and im- 
perfectly understood work. 

Can Mills College fit itself to help, to pre- 
pare its students each to take an integral 
part in the vast remobilization of our coun- 
try, and all countries? 

Instead of a symbol in stone, let us plan 
a living memorial. In the name of Edith 
Cavell, we will begin to work for a School 
of Social Service, in which knowledge o' 
today's economic order will not be theo.- 
retical but linked with life. W'e will learn 
our economics and sociology with an eye 
upon the human elements involved. We 
will stud}' industries at first hand, commun- 
ity life in all its expressions, and the social 
agencies that from private and public 
sources have grown up to reform institu- 
tions formed haphazard in the growth of our 
democracy. 

Not onlv the work of teaching and the 
creation of beautiful form through the arts 
is possible to trained woman. There is the 
field of human service among human beings. 
Our College will need faith and vision, pa- 
tience and money. Three are spiritual qual- 
ities and the fourth material. 

Christopher Morlej' wrote of Lord Kitch- 
ener 

"What does it matter where his body fall? 
What does it matter where Ihey build his 

tomb? 
Five million men from Calais to Karthoum 
These are his wreath and his memorial." 

I should like to think of the anonymous 
gift which has come to Mills College as the 
incentive to create a memorial for Edith 
Cavell as a challenge. Women of California, 
have we the faith and vision to see in it the 
raising of the standard of living service of 
which women are capable? 



STATEMENT OF OWNERSHIP 

Publisher, Clubwoman Publishing Co., 
Box 3, Hyde Park. 

Editor. Tesica Lee Briggs, 1942A Hyde 
St.. San Francisco. 

Managing Editor, Dr. Louise Harvey 
Clarke. 1046 Orange St., Riverside. 

Business Manager, E. L. Welch, Box 3. 
Hyde Park. 

Owner, E. M. Smith. 



JANUARY, 1919 



17 



A NEW VISION AND A NEW OPPORTUNITY 

A SYMPOSIUM BY DISTRICT PRESIDENTS AND STATE CHAIRMEN OF 

DEPARTMENTS, C.F.W.C. 



COMMUNITY COUNCILS 

MRS. G. E. CHAPPELL, President of 
Northern District 

A New Vision that is old yet particularly 
apropos just now, is the Universal Brother- 
hood of Man. A dream for ages past but 
now a real vision of the near future; for we 
cannot longer evade our responsibilities to 
and for our fellow men. 

The idea of the Community Councils 
carefully followed, opens up vistas of won- 
derful possibilities. It brings the hope of a 
closer "tie that binds" more than any or- 
ganization that now exists. To bind all peo- 
ples together in bonds of common interest 
is no small matter for class distinction, espe- 
cially among women, is a problem that ex- 
ists however we may deplore it. 

But if we women are big enough to real- 
ize tlie New Opportunity for real Service 
that is within our grasp, then we may see 
the solution of this problem. 

The Federation is the largest women's 
organization in the state. It has a wonder- 
fully successful system that could be 
adapted for Community Council work for 
both men and women. These departments 
of various interests will meet the need and 
desire of every member and would be edu- 
cational and beneficial. 

Financed by taxation the work of the 
Council would be dignified, its benefits 
more substantial and a large membership 
assured . 

A Xew Vision, then, for our club women 
is a perfect Community Council in each 
school district to create closer sympathy 
and harmony for mutual benefits. And I 
hope they can meet this New Opportunity 
by doing the same Federation work along 
broader lines as the California Federation 
of Community Council Women. 



NEW-OLD OPPORTUNITIES 
Mrs. Mattison B. Jones, President Los An- 
geles District 
"Labor with what zeal we will. 

Something still remains undone. 
Something uncompleted still 
Waits the rising of the sun." 
^yhat next? Clulj presidents are daily 
asking themselves this question, now that 
war work is not so pressing and council 
of defense work is going out of existence. 

Our clubs are still functioning, despite the 
fact that we willinglj- utilized rur machinery 
for war work. 

We find, though, that many of our organ- 
izations are below par, financially, and it 
nipv be necessary to start the new year with 
a drive for club dues. 

However, with all dues paid our district 
is not sufficiently financed for the scope of 
work we are required to cover. 

I hope for the next administration fnow 
that we have secured official headquarters) 
that something will be done to put the dis- 



trict on a firmer financial basis, thus en- 
abling the officers to secure a paid executive 
secretary, for the need is great. 

The president could also visit other coun- 
ties frequently and thus disseminate the 
work more thoroughly. 

Many splendid Federation Secretaries 
have voUinteered their services, each to give 
us one day a month in keeping our office 
open, and the plan is excellent. 

We should not have to depend entirely 
upon voluntary service — every organization 
which is one hundred per cent efficient has 
one or more paid secretaries. 



'^T^wcomb's 

Corset 

Sale 



Our tenth January Sale 
of reliable and up-do- 
date Corsets. Hun- 
dreds of clean, bright 
corsets which have 
never been shown, also 
a quantity of broken 
lines from our regular 
stock. Either Lace 
Front or Lace Back. 
Popular as well as high- 
grade corsets; sizes plen- 
tiful up to thirty-six. 



Newcomb's Corset Shop 

623 S. Broadway 



18 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



We must enlarge our horizon financially 
if we are to keep pace with our new oppor- 
tunities. 

We have tried this year to draw the clubs 
into closer co-operation by frequent depart- 
ment conferences (despite the "ilu") at 
headquarters at the call of district chairmen 
of various departments. 

Clubs receiving such calls should give 
them prompt attention — if some clubs do 
not need assistance they may have valuable 
suggestions for other clubs. 

We have decided to begin the new year 
with a "Monthly Bulletin" to clubs from 
the district board which will contain an- 
nouncements of department conferences 
and presidents' councils as well as sugges- 
tions along various lines of club activities. 

Do not throw Federation communica- 
tions in the waste basket — a club president 
who does this is not a business woman. 

Printing, postage and time are valuable 
and no organization should be guilty of 
sending out unnecessary communications. 

Please refer the Bulletin to your Federa- 
tion Secretary that she may give it publicity 
in whatever way is suited to your particular 
organization. 

Remember your club is a unit in the Fed- 
eration and we must keep step. 

Rally with your Federation officers and 
let us march shouder to shoulder in the 
great cause for freedom — that of saving the 
children — here and over there — and the car- 
rying out of the great Americanization pro- 
gram which our General Federation and 
our Government have asked of us. 

These are our new-old opportunities. 



heart of the world is tender after these 
years of scourge and suffering. Mankind 
has won to new visions of glory, to mag- 
nificent heroism, to noble sacrifice. The 
race is ready for a long step toward the 
recognition of spiritual selfhood, which after 
all may be the goal of humankind. How 
shall we, the creators of ideals for the race, 
use this opportunity? How shall we use it 
individually and how shall we make our or- 
ganization serve? This is no light question 
and it may be that the programs which 
women's clubs arrange during these coming 
years will prove somewhat of a barometer 
to show whether the human race is to set 
greatest store upon having, or doing, or 
being. 



MOTHERS OF THE RACE 
Mrs. Katherine H. Smith, President of Ala- 
meda District 

A few dogmatic yet simple statements 
provide my introduction. 

The ideals of the human race can rise no 
higher than the ideals of women, because: 
Women are the mothers of the human race. 
Mothers are the creators of ideals. They 
have practically entire charge of the young 
during the impressionable years when char- 
acter is formed. Women are not only the 
mothers of their own children, they are 
mothers of the race even though they be 
childless. 

With such a conviction of woman's re- 
sponsibility in the world there must be re- 
vealed to us a new vision. It is given to 
but few to see life steadily and see it whole 
but the eagerness with which we use our 
eyes is the test of our worth. Are our eyes 
open to this vision or are we blind from 
choice? 

If they are open to such a vision our 
next concern must be to make ourselves fit 
for the task. A woman's club, rightly used, 
is the best medium yet evolved for this pur- 
pose. But unless we make our clubs meet 
this need more fully than thev have met it, 
then other organizations will be formed 
which will provide better means for ethical 
and spiritual unfoldment. 

And herein lies our opportunity. The 



A BROADER OUTLOOK NEEDED 
Mrs. Frank Fredericks, President San Fran- 
cisco District 

A new Vision and a new Opportunity is 
a phrase we see often before us in print 
but — to consider it calmly — is it a new 
Vision? 

Have we women not had these same 
ideals for many years? Have we not been 
working towards the same vision that is 
now presented? Is not the .goal of the 
women of America, really the vision of Su- 
san B. Anthony, which as we all know was 
looked upon for years as visionary, not as a 
vision? To be sure, the road has been a 
long and hard one, but before us we see the 
glow of realization. 

The opportunities now open for wom,en 
are new, and because of these we must 
broaden our outlook — without materially 
changing our vision. 

With our State Federation President, Mrs. 
Herbert Cable, as leader in War Work, the 
women of California, since 1914, have been 
in the front ranks of all progressive work, 
have cheerfully and efficiently imdertaken 
all that was assigned them — but now we 
have come to a new phase. 

Our clubs have proven not only their loy- 
alty, but versatility, by rapidly and without 
disturbing their machinery, taking over Red 
Cross and all other war work. There is 
still plenty for willing hands to do. But 
when that necessary work is done — what 
then? That is the burning question. Re- 
turn to our former methods? Never — after 
having the sufferings of the world brought 
so vividly before us. Our sphere of work 
will, however, narrow. From world ques- 
tions will we come to home affairs, and no 
woman will be content to sit idly by until 
America is Americanized truly and thor- 
oughly — until there is no such a thing in a 
city as a colony of any foreign people — 
until we are merged every man, woman, 
and child into good loyal, understanding 
Americans — until English is the language 
of all — properly understood, read and spo- 
ken. That is the biggest piece of work to 
be done and immediately undertaken. 

Have we not a vision of the day when 
only one standard of morals shall prevail? 
and is not the work of women to do all pos- 
sible to hasten the coming of that day? 



JANUARY, 1919 



19 



Then, as we have realized what hunger 
and want mean to those across the water, 
we must also see that no such conditions 
exist in our own home towns, and that no 
little ones grow up stunted and frail from 
lack of food and proper surroundings. These 
are big orders to fill but women have always 
hitched their wagons to the stars and some- 
how have always reached the star of suc- 
cess. - 



INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY 
Mrs. J. J. Suess, President Southern District 

It is well said that women's public utter- 
ances now dwell pointedly on regeneration. 
I find this holds true whenever asked to 
speak or write on "Opportunities for Wo- 
men." 

The Federation of Women's Clubs, being 
an organized body of individual clubs, its 
power and influence depends largely on the 
loyalty and co-operation of these units — 
the individual club. 

The Federation as an national organiza- 
tion deals with national problems, while 
many of the clubs which go to make up 
its body are so self-centered that they fail 
even to acquaint themselves with the vital 
reasons for their existence. 

If women only would realize their oppor- 
tunity as a United Force and then proceed 
with enthusiasm, and courage to do the 
work outlined by the Federation, surely 
man}' of the social problems which now con- 
front us would be solved swiftly and well. 

The time has come when the whole coun- 
try needs leaders of sane thinking, to say 
nothin.g of the loyalty and patriotism of a 
true American citizen in their make up. 
The clubs need leaders, but they must be 
women of vision who have the great ban- 
ner of Service ever before them. 

Now, if ever, women must stand together 
as a unit to protect women workers. One 
of the greatest economic questions before 
us today is, shall women, most of whom 
have proven themselves equal to men in 
every field of work they have entered, re- 
ceive "Equal Pay for Equal Service?" 

While there are so many new opportuni- 
ties, yet it is a good rule not to leave the 
old for the new. Education and the public 
schools need someone's earnest attention. 
With so many professions with larger com- 
pensation and less nerve wear now open 
to women, it becomes imperative that the 
teaching profession be made more attrac- 
tive and remunerative. 

It is due to the future generations that 
the children of today do not sufifer from 
these great opportunities given to women. 



DEPARTMENT OF CALIFORNIA 
HISTORY AND LANDMARKS 

Mrs. Florence Dodson Schoneman, the 
State Chairman of California History and 
Landmarks is recovering from a severe ill- 
ness, but she sends New Year's Greetings 
to the club women. She asks them to re- 
member that 1919 marks the ISOth anniver- 
sary of the founding of civilization in Cali- 
fornia. 




OoDyriclit Hart Schaff ner & Man 

—his Overcoat here! 

His for genuine comfort — and for 
real economy because Hart Schaff- 
ner & Mar.\-. That name is a 
guarantee of long wear because it 
means all wool. A good overcoat 
is cheap health insurance. 





The store with 
a Conscience^' 

BROADWAY 
AT SIXTH 

THE HOME OF HART SCHAFFNER & MARX CLOTHES 



20 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



It was in 1769 that the first habitation of 
civilized man was reared on the western 
shores of America. There is a great me- 
morial cross built of tiles of the roof of it 
on a brown hill that looks down on San 
Diego's harbor. 

Nothing could be more fitting than that 
each woman's club should set aside a day 
to celebrate the event. 

"In no corner of earth can a heart be 
found that has not the dream of California 
in it. Whoever shall wander one sunny- 
year upon its golden trails will never fare 
content again in any other land." 



DEPARTMENT OF CHILD WELFARE 
Louise B. Deal, M.D., State Chairman 

A new era is opening up to us in America 
and with it comes "The new vision and the 
new opportunity." Let us prepare to make 
the most of it. Our experience of the past 
two years has taught us that the youth of 
America is not up to the mark; 35 per cent 
of our man-power, from 21 to 31 years of 
age, has been found unfit for military ser- 
vice; this is proof that we have failed some- 
where — where is the question? Statistics 
published by our Government prove to us 
that a large proportion of the physical de- 
fects that caused our young men to be re- 
jected for army service were correctable in 
early life; this is the key to the situation — 
we must try to do better for future genera- 
tions. 

Our women must see to it that every 
child has an opportunity to be as nearly 
physically perfect as possible, and that 
every child's mother has an opportunity 
to make him so. 

I wish we could be made to feel what 
a tremendous power our California Federa- 
tion is and what a tremendous service we 
can render the children of our state. We 
reach every county, and by putting forth 
a little effort, we can reach every fireside. 
What a responsibility rests upon us then — 
for the future of this coming generation! 

The Children's Year Committee of the 
State Council of Defense has called upon 
us this year to help carry out the great 
National Program, and we have responded 
with enthusiasm, but after this National 
Children's year is over, it rests with us to 
make permanent the great movements that 
this committee has set upon foot: 

1st. A Children's Bureau under State 
Control. 

2nd. County Public Health Nurses. 

3rd. Free Children's Health Centers, 
where mothers may ask advice regarding 
well children, as well as sick ones. 

With these three institutions made per- 
manent throughout our state, we need have 
no fear for the future of our children. 



Out of a period of destruction we have 
entered upon a period of construction. We 
are facing big .things and never was there 
a more opportune time for our Federation 
to be interested in Civics. 

Our boys are coming back men, — men 
with a vision. They have stood shoulder 
to shoulder, marched side by side, sharing 
dangers and hardships and together they 
have faced death. Thej' have seeu life 
stripped of the non-essentials. They have 
fought for that thing we call Democracy, 
which the more we think , study and know 
about the more wonderful and beautiful it 
becomes. 

As these boys have been facing the big, 
the real things of life they have become as 
brothers. They have a vision that looks 
beyond the small and petty things and they 
look to us for a larger and better work in 
Civics. We have caught the vision — we 
will not disappoint them. We will keep up 
the work we have already begun until we 
go "over the top." 

The world is looking to America — we 
have a tremendous task — "Over There." 
We must feed, clothe and educate. "Over 
Here" are other problems. We must see 
that we have better housing and sanitary 
conditions. We must protect childhood in 
every way possible. 

Our children have been learning beautiful 
lessons in patriotism, thrift and in giving. 
We will see that their lessons are not for- 
gotten, but become life habits. 

As a Federation we will make our Civics 
so necessary, so vital to the community that 
the women who, at the call of our country 
have done such splendid work in Red Cross 
and other war activities, will realize the im- 
portance of our work and feel that our 
country still calls and needs them and they 
will join us and help make our dream come 
true — our dream of "World Citizenship." 



DEPARTMENT OF CIVICS 
Mrs. Robert F. Garner, State Chairman 
"When there is no vision the people per- 
ish." As it is with a people so it is with a 
department. Our dream of world citizen- 
ship is fast becoming a reality. 



THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 
Mary S. Gibson, State Chairman 

The December Clubwoman demonstrated 
that the leaders of the Federation have the 
new vision in education. While emphasiz- 
ing the necessity of the school, and of the 
teacher, these leaders now place a new value 
upon living and working conditions as fun- 
damental to true education. They know 
that education is not a thing superior or 
apart from life, but a normal part of it, a 
development that makes for higher stand- 
ards, for happier living; that it may best 
begin as Dr. Holmes advised, with the 
grandfather; that it should give pre-natal 
care to the child, watch his step through 
infancy, in the school, in work, at play, and 
so prepare a man. with as few handicaps 
as may be, for citizenship. 

This is ideal education but there are other 
methods which have been worked out in 
stress and strain — successful methods devel- 
oped through stern necessity, which seemed 
to meet adult necessities and to overcome 
generations of neglect. 

When the war began America was a great 



JANUARY, 1919 



21 



country and a weak nation, — made of many 
men, of many minds who know not how 
to think or to work together. 

By intensive training, by popular en- 
thusiasm and industry, these peoples were 
given a common interest, a love of the ideals 
of our country, and welded into a nation, 
ready to die for Freedom. Men as far a- 
part as the poles served as brothers and 
faced death that liberty might survive. 

Now comes the testing of the national 
unity so swiftly formed — the time when 
men must live for freedom instead of dying 
for it, when the humdrum life must be taken 
up with its drudgery and monotonous round. 

War brought service from everj'ljody. 
Education for it was organized and it did 
not falter till the last shot was fired. Some- 
body must now organize for Peace. 

During the period of readjustment this 
department hopes to meet this opportunity 
to perfect its own education, to free itself 
of national and race prejudice that it may 
have the true vision of the relation of edu- 
cation to life and its problems. 



I 



DEPARTMENT OF HOME 

ECONOMICS 

Mrs. C. M. Haring, State Chairman 

How can the Home Economics Depart- 
ment Create the Vision and Meet the Op- 
portunity? 

On the eleventh of Noveml^er, 1918, the 
great war collapsed, leaving the w'orld to 
solve some of the gravest and most fearful 
problems that have ever been faced during 
the whole period of history. 

.\niong these, none is more difficult of 
adjustment tlian the food shortage: add to 
this the shortage in practically every eco- 
nomic necessity of mankind and we can 
begin to realize that only by a program of 
home economy lasting through a period of 
years to come, can any sort of balance be 
attained between the plenty of one portion 
of the .globe and the scarcity of the other. 

The fact that proper food, clothing, and 
home care for all would go far toward allay- 
ing that spirit of unrest so prevalent in other 
parts of the world today, and as much to 
be dreaded here as there, should be suffici- 
ently urgent to call to us for positive action 
alon.g these lines. 

Realizing as never before that only 
through contented and well ordered homes 
is safety assured to any nation, we feel our 
own need for more trained women — women 
trained in every phase of household manage- 



ment from buying to care of children and 
practical nursing. There must never again 
come a time when there will not be enough 
trained women in America to meet every 
emergency, and until this demand is met 
through our schools, Women's Clubs as 
Community Centers are the logical organ- 
izations to undertake it. This social- edu- 
cational work should include home-visiting 
agents for our cities, as well as shortcourse 
training for mothers, and the stimulation 
of professional training for girls along all 
these lines. 

Looking forward to the preparation of 
women of all classes for the ordinary busi- 
ness of daib' life and realizing that the prob- 
lems of Home Economy — food, clothing and 
shelter — are becoming positive issues with 
life itself, the Home Economics Department 
w'ill present earl}r in January revised sug- 
gestions for Club work and Community 
service pertinent to the demands made upon 
the American women by this Reconstruction 
period. 



DEPARTMENT SOCIAL AND INDUS- 
TRIAL CONDITION 
Mrs. W. L. Deimling, Chairman 
A truly optimistic, hopeful outlook is 
given with this title suggested by our Presi- 
dent. 

When the word Vision is used, at once 
there comes to memory the vision of St. 
John, "a new heaven and a new earth; for 
the first heaven and the first earth were 
passed away." Ne.xt comes the familiar, be- 
loved lines of "The Vision of Sir Launfal." 
These two thoughts combined, and applied 
to this department open up the most won- 
derful' possibilities. 

Can our endeavor have a greater encour- 
agement, a better guide than to take these 
two visions as a text or motto for our year? 
As we have worked, we have learned that 
with our thoughts on the "new heaven and 
the new earth," the cup and crust must be 
given the unfortunate one at our door. 

Since the beginning of our club year 
events have come with such startling swift- 
ness, that many of the plans made in Sep- 
tember, already have been discarded. Their 
need is past, but a greater need arises and 
new plans must be made. 

Our department takes on new importance 
for it has become a necessity that all women 
know more of Industrial and Social condi- 
tions. Tt is one of the vital subjects which 



iviT. l.o\a^e: resort 

YE ALPINE TAVERN AND COTTAGES 

More Than 5000 Feet in Skyland 

2000 Square Miles Before Your Eyes 

For your health's sake spend a week or week-end at this famous resort in the 

pure mountain air among the pines and oaks. 

American Plan European Plan 

Housekeeping Cottages 

Make Reservations at P. E. Information Bureau, Los Angeles 

FIVE TRAINS DAILY 

8. 9, 10 A.M.. 1:30 and 4 P.M. 

PACIFIC ELECTRIC RAILWAY 




22 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



should be given frequent place on club pro- 
grams. 

With the re-education, rehabilitation of 
the returned soldiers and the returned war 
workers social agencies take on a nevy 
meaning and are of increasing value to the 
community. 

A responsibility greater than ever before 
given them is now thrust upon all club wo- 
women. Women in general are interested 
in these Industrial and Social questions only 
as they, or their immediate surroundings are 
affected, but the mass of the uninformed 
should and will look to the club women for 
exact information, explanation, and advice. 

And why not? What has been the aim of 
all club study in history, literature, civics, 
economics, music or art? Is it not to make 
life more livable? 

Now is our chance to pay a debt. We 
have had certain privileges, a training in 
organization ,and in study. Shall we not 
make them prove their worth? It is our 
turn to give — to be ready when the need 
comes with the information, advice, and the 
help that is sought — to prove the club helps 
the woman, as well as the woman helps the 
club. 

We will know that "Federation spirit" is 
something more than ink on paper when 
each club has within it a group who it 
swayed by emotionalism are seeking the 
truth concerning these great human ques- 
tions, and are giving their aid to the solv- 
ing of the many vexing and perplexing 
problems of our time. 

One of the greatest problems of this mo- 
ment is the adjustment between capital and 
labor. To quote a recent editorial concern- 
ing Lord Robert Cecil and the policy he has 
formulated: 

"What makes his proposal so distinctly 
valuable at this time is that it insists upon 
the indispensable prerequisite of good will, 
and indicates the desirability of having a 
constructive policy, in some measure al- 
ready tested, a policy which does not em- 
brace merely this class or that class, but all 
classes. 

"Given good will and a policy fulfilling 
these requirements, it is, indeed, hardly pos- 
sible to go far astray in the solution of the 
labor problem, or any other problem. If 
the policy is mistaken in any direction, the 
existence of the good will is certain sooner 
or later, and sooner rather than later, to 
correct the mistake." 

To find this good will there must be 
Vision, and with the vision will come op- 
portunity. 

Let your vision be that each club through 
thought and study will be for its commu- 
nity, a source of exact information concern- 
ing these vital movements. Each club col- 
lectiveh', each member individually may be 
the guide, philosopher, or friend needed to 
straighten a local tangle by reason of the 
knowledge of the greater issues at stake. 

Your opportunity is that you may be one 
of the group studying these problems and 



preparing to help in the needful ways so 
close at hand, looking forward to the time 
when "Peace on Earth, Good will to men" 
will reign supreme. 



DEPARTMENT OF LEGISLATION 

AND POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Miss Caroline Kellogg, State Chairman 

The Department of Political Science and 
Legislation can best meet the new opportun- 
ity that is before the Federation by assist- 
ing in the consolidation and assimilation of 
all War Relief organizations with the Feder- 
ation and so enlarging the field of its 
activities and purposes as to include the 
kind of work thousands of women, now en- 
gaged in Red Cross, War Savings, Liberty 
Bond, food conservation and child welfare 
activities, and who have never before be- 
longed to a woman's club, can find an 
interest in, and a justification for doing. 

In other words, to help bridge the fields 
of activities and bring within one organi- 
zation the interests of women who are in- 
tellectual and achieve through pure mental 
effort, with those of women who live greatly 
in their affections and whose attainments are 
with those objects that lie nearest their 
hearts. 

With the War ended. Clubwomen have 
realized that so far as the necessity of 
stimulating public interest is concerned — 
they have reached the crest of the hill. 
They have seen their ideals realized in the 
vision of humanity binding up its wounds, 
the hungry fed, and the widows and orphans 
visited in their affliction; and this work 
become the most popular occupation with 
every County, City, Church or Society or- 
ganized to carry it on. Thousands of 
women have gathered into the Council of 
Defense, Red Cross work. Child Relief 
organizations, etc., because of their direct 
human contact and the opportunity of active 
human service that never would have been 
attracted by the more intellectual, cold, 
formal activity of the average woman's 
club. 

We have within our gates the machinery 
of a might}' organization for human service 
paralleling the activity of a Federation. We 
cannot go on as we have. Either the Fed- 
eration must absorb and make room within 
its ranks for the activity resulting from War 
Emergency organizations, or be absorbed 
and lost as an entity in a greater organi- 
zation. 

Why not the Federation reorganize on a 
District, County and even City basis and 
take up the question of local relief and im- 
provement as developed by the War Emer- 
genccy organizations, connecting with a 
strong central, state center and enlarging 
its human interests so that every activity 
springing from the heart of civilized woman- 
kind could find a place under its banner. 



DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC 
Mrs. Alba J .Padgham, State Chairman 
There is no better medium than song in 
which to express the gratitude of the nation 



JANUARY, 1919 



23 




AVALON, CATALINA ISLAND 



towards the men who made victory possible. 

Choral singing is one of the most effective 
means of promoting national unity. The 
Government realized this when it instituted 
singing in all the cantonments. Tliere is 
now a Government school for band masters 
and song leaders that will have a far- 
reaching effect on the music of the future. 
A great opportunity for America will be to 
use the soldiers and sailors in all of the 
choruses and musical organizations. 

The suggestion of erecting concert halls 
instead of monuments as memorials for the 
heroes is an excellent one. since music has 
been recognized as being an important fac- 
tor in winning the war. Music is a vital 
force that unites all classes of people for a 
common purpose in which all have an equal 
interest. Song is the most intimate form of 
e.xpression. The new opportunity consists 
in the part the people will take in the mak- 
ing of music through community singing. 
The people of .\merica are beginning to 
find their voices which have been dormant 
for generations. 

The awakening of ."-Xmerica to the value 
of music is taking many forms. One is the 
business of manufacturing musical machines. 
They are used everywhere for the develop- 
ment of musical education. The future of 
America depends upon the recognition of 
.American composers and musicians, and 
due credit should be given the artists who 



have given generously of their time, talent 
and money for war work of all kinds. 

When .\merica realizes that American 
music can only come through American 
composers, we will place our own artists at 
the head of all our musical organizations. 
Then and not until then will we be able to 
say, "America for Americans." 



DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH 
Dr. Mary B. Ritter, State Chairman 

"Win the War" has been our slogan until 
we feel lost witliout its whip-lash. The war 
is won so far as wanton destruction of 
life and of cities is concerned. But is it won 
as regards the ideals for which we have 
given men, food, money and our best brain 
and brawn? By no means! That struggle 
is just beginning. The opportunities are 
unlimited. Have we the vision to recognize 
them, the will to grasp them, the courage to 
struggle on until these opportunities become 
realistic? Can we accomplish a true democ- 
racy, realize the brotherhood of humanity, 
and subjugate self to the good of the many? 
We can if we will! 

But how does this apply in the realm of 
health? This war has taught us that com- 
munity health is essential to true democ- 
racy. Democracy is impossible where there 
are slave classes, either men, women or chil- 
dren. Tf povertv or greed can enslave chil- 
dren through, child labor, their bodies and 



24 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



minds are dwarfed. If children are born to 
a heritage of unsound bodies and feeble 
minds, due to social evils, civilization is 
undermined. If the white plague, the black 
plague, or the red plague are permitted to 
exist in our midst, the race is weakened. If 
one class of women are slaves to men's lust 
and social standards, social democracy is 
destroyed. Community health is dependent 
first, last, and all the time on social con- 
ditions. 

Unless we emerge from this war with 
higher ideals, better standards, the war will 
have been lost. For three nf these ideals 
let all club-women strive unremittingly. 

1. That it is the inalienable right of every 
child to be well born, that is to be born well, 
with sound body and sound minds. 

2. That every child has a right to whole- 
some surroundings and a safe environment 
during the period of growth, of physical, 
mental and moral development. 

3. That a single standard of morals for 
both men and women must be attained. 

Upon this last depends our salvation or 
our degeneration both as regards health and 
morals. We cannot progress with two 
standards pulling in opposite directions. 
Community or individual health and morals 
cannot be separated. Both are essential 
to community welfare. 



To those individuals whose principal in- 
come is derived from farming or ranching 
operations: 

A special form of income tax return des- 
ignated as Form Dl has been provided for 
the use of individuals whose principal in- 
come is derived from farming or ranching 
operations. These forms will be furnished 
by this office to those in need of same vipon 
application. 

A record of income received and amounts 
paid out for expenses should be kept by 
farmers and ranchers in such a manner that 
they will have the necessary data available 
at the close of the year to enter upon the 
return referred to. General instructions 
relative to the preparation of returns by 
farmers, ranchers, etc., are given below; 
Inventories 

This return may be used by farmers who 
take inventories of crops, live stock, etc.. 
on hand at the end of each year (and there- 
by include in their income the value of the 
products raised but not sold). It may also 
be used by those who do not take inven- 
tories. Separate summary forms are pro- 
vided for farmers who use inventories and 
for those who do not. 

The Government prefers the inventory 
method, as it shows each year's income 
more accurately. The total amount of tax 
due will be substantially the same under 
either method, as the sale price of all prod- 
ucts raised must eventually be included in 
income. 

The inventory method cannot be used, 
however, unless you actually took an in- 
ventory at the beginning and end of the 
year for which your return is made. 

If you made an inveritor.y of animals, 



crops, products, and supplies on hand De- 
cember 31, 1916, and December 31, 1917, 
enter the amount of both inventories on the 
return. You may include in such inven- 
tories live stock, crops, etc., produced on 
the farm. Live stock, purchased for draft, 
breeding, or dairy purposes, or for any pur- 
pose other than re-sale, may be included in 
the inventory at a figure which will reflect 
ihe reduction in value estimated to have oc- 
curred through age or other causes. Such 
a reduction in value should be based on the 
cost and estimated life of the stock. The 
opening and closing inventories must cover 
exactly the same classes of items. The 
opening inventory must be the same figure 
as the closing inventory of the year before. 

If inventories are used, losses of live 
stock bought for resale, or of any other 
articles included in your inventories, are 
not deductible as such losses will be re- 
flected in the inventories. 

What To Report As Income 

All income from whatever source de- 
rived, must be included in this return, ex- 
cept the items enumerated below, under 
"Receipts exempt from tax." 

Only income actually received need be in- 
cluded, but this does not mean that the tax- 
payer must receive cash. Anything of value 
received instead of cash must be considered 
income to the extent of its cash value. Any 
income received by your wife or dependent 
children under eighteen must be included in 
the return, unless wife or child made a sep- 
arate return. 

Receipts Exempt From Tax 

The following classes of receipts are ex- 
empt from income tax, and need not be re- 
ported: 

1. Salaries, wages, etc., received from 
States and political subdivisions thereof 
such as cities, counties, townships. 

2. Gifts, not made as a consideration for 
service rendered, and legacies (but the in- 
come derived from money or property re- 
ceived as a gift or legacy is taxable and 
must be reported). - 

3. Interest on bonds of the United States 
issued before September 1, 1917. and on 
bonds issued since that date, provided no 
more than $5,000 worth are owned. 

4. Interest on bonds of United States 
possessions (Philippines, Porto Rico, Canal 
Zone). 

5. Interest on bonds of States and polit- 
ical subdivisions thereof, such as cities, 
counties and townships. 

6. Interest on Federal Farm Loan bonds. 

7. Proceeds of life insurance policies 
paid on the death of the insured, and pay- 
ments to policy holders under endowment 
and similar policies, provided such pay- 
ments do not exceed the premiums paid in. 
The amount by which such payments ex- 
ceed the premiums paid in is income and 
must be reported. 

Deductions 
Report as deductions only amount actu- 
ally paid out in carrying on your business. 
Do not deduct personal or family expenses. 



JANUARY, 1919 



25 



Taxes — Do not deduct inheritance or es- 
tate taxes, Federal income taxes, drainage 
taxes, or taxes for any improvement or bet- 
terment. Be ready to sliow tax receipts, if 
possible. 

Insurance — Do not deduct premiums for 
insurance on dwelling you occupy, or life 
insurance premiums. 

Labor — Do not deduct amounts paid to 
your own minor children unless you also 
report such payments in section B (page 4) 
as income to them (which must be included 
in your income). Do not deduct amounts 
paid to persons engaged in work in or 
around your dwelling. 

Repairs — Do not deduct the cost of any 
permanent improvements or betterments to 
farm buildings, or of new machinery. Do 
not deduct the cost of repairs to the dwell- 
ing you occupy. 

Depreciation — Depreciation of farm build- 
ings and equipment not offset by repairs 
may be deducted. 

The depreciation claimed should not ex- 
ceed the actual cost of the property di- 
vided by its probable life in years. 

Do not deduct depreciation on your dwell- 
ing or household furniture. If you have 
calculated your income by the inventory 
method (see instructions under "Inven- 
tories") do not claim under "Depreciation" 
any reduction in the value of articles that 
are included in your inventory at a figure 
which reflects the reduction in value. (See 
also caution under "Automobile expenses," 
below.) 

Losses — You may deduct losses resulting 
from fires, storms, or other casualties, not 
compensated for by insurance or otherwise. 
However, if you calculate your income by 
the inventory method, you may not deduct 
losses of any property included in our in- 
ventory. 

If you do not use inventories, you may 
deduct the actual cost of purchased live 
stock lost by disease or injury. The cost of 
live stock raised on the farm may not be 
deducted. 

Automobile Expenses^-You may deduct 
the expense of operation, repairs, and depre- 
ciation of automobiles used exclusively in 
your business. If an automobile is used 
partly for business and partly for pleasure, 
the claim for expense must be clearly estab- 
lished before it can be allowed. 



COLLEGE WILL BE EMPLOYMENT 
BUREAU 



Dean Thomas Hunt of College of Agricul- 
ture Tells of Men in Service Who Avail 
Themselves of University's Aid in 
Securing Ranch Work 
Three men in uniform, each a sturdy 
specimen of .American manhood, stood the 
other day in the office of Dean Thomas For- 
syth Hunt of the College of .\.griculture of 
the state imiversity. One man — a captain 
in the army — was a university .Erraduate with 
several years' experience in farming. The 
second — an ensign in the navy — was a mem- 
ber of the senior class of last year, nre- 
pared to take up agriculture as his life's 



work. The third — a pilot in the army air 
service — was looking forward to joining the 
junior class next fall with a view to resum- 
ing college work the war had interrupted. 
.And each and every one of the three had the 
same story to tell: 

"We want work on the farms. We're 
ready to pitch right in, roll up our sleeves 
and make good. We've had the training, 
we've all had experience in farm work." 

"These men," said Dean Hunt, "are typi- 
cal of a large number of university men in 
the army, marine corps and the navy who 
are looking for work on the farms, now 
that the war is over." 

The College of Agriculture at Berkeley is 
ready to act as an employment bureau in . 
meeting any farm labor shortage that may 
be faced in the state. Farmers having work 
of any kind to ofTer are urged to write the 
dean, setting forth their section of the state, 
the sort of work offered and the remu- 
neration. 



Jones- 
Simmons 

^artette 



(Ladies) 



Available for 

Programs- 
Individual Solos 



For Engagements Call Studio 



101 Blanchard Hall 
Telephone 10082 



26 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



MINUTES OF CONFERENCE OF COUNTY, EDUCA- 
TION, AMERICANIZATION AND CHILD WEL- 
FARE CHAIRMEN, FRIDAY, DEC. 20, 1918 



An Educational Conference was held on 
Friday, December 20th, at 10:30 A.M., at the 
headquarters of the Women's Committee, 719 
South Hill Street, Los Angeles. 

County Chairman, "Education," "American- 
ization" and "Child Welfare" Chairmen and 
the Chairmen of near-by local Units, had been 
asked to attend. About 35 were present. 

Mrs. O. Shepard Barnum, the State Chair- 
man of the "Education" Department, presided. 

Mrs. Barnum presented the purpose of the 
meeting, which was to consider the recommen- 
dations of the Committee of Twenty-One and 
the proposed changes in the Compul- 
sory school Attendance Laws and in 
the Child Labor Laws. She gave an 
explanation of the character and pur- 
pose of the Committee of Twenty-One, ap- 
pointed by the State Board of Education to 
consider plans for the reorganization of the 
public school system of California. Mrs. Bar- 
num then introduced Mr. Will C. Wood, State 
Superintendent elect of Public Instruction and 
a member of the Committee of Twenty-one. 
Mr. Wood outlined the report of the com- 
mittee and emphasized the leading features of 
the proposed legislation program based on the 
report of the Committee of Twenty-one. This 
program has been endorsed by the State Board 
of Education, a copy of which is appended to 
the end of this report. 

Mr. Wood also presented the following sug- 
gestions as amendments to the Compulsory 
School Attendance Law, which have been rec- 
ommended so far: 

1. That all Schools — public or private — ^be 
taught in English. 

2. Private schools must offer the same 
courses of study that the Elementary Schools 
offer, adding as many other courses as they 
desire. 

3. Tutors must file statements with the 
County Superintendent of Schools covering the 
work done by each pupil. Such statements 
must give the subjects, the number of hours 
spent on each subject and the progress of the 
student. 

4. Every child should attend school up to 
the age of IS, even if thej' have graduated 
from Grammer School. There has also been 
a suggestion to raise this age limit to 16. 

5. To eliminate the two-mile limit as an 
excuse for not attending school : no child to 
be excused from attendance at school on ac- 
count of the distance except with the approval 
of the County Superintendent. 

6. School districts where there is a daily 
attendance of one thousand, must employ an 
attendance officer. Cities are to employ an 
attendance officer for every five thousand daily 
attendance. 

7. Certain qualifications and standards are 
to be required for attendance officers. 

Amendments to the Child Labor Laws 
1. Work permits are to be returned to the 



issuing authority, that is, the School Superin- 
tendent, at the end of the term of employment. 
A new permit will be required then for each 
separate piece of work. 

2. Restrictions to be placed on the number 
of hours of work, and so forth, for children 
working in horticultural or farm labor. 

Suggestions were made from the audience 
that the laws should fi.x the limit at which 
children on farms could begin to work, and 
instances were cited of children of 4 and 5 
who were made to work. 

The system of peonage, now in use in the 
fruit picking industrj', is to be eliminated. 

Following the presentation of these measures 
by 'Mr. Wood, there was a .very interesting 
discussion in which many of those attending 
took part. 

Great interest in the subject was shown and 
the Women's Committee was asked to send 
copies of the reports of the Committee of 
Twenty-One to the Counties. 
Report of the Special Committee on School 
Amendments to the Child 
Labor Laws 

1. We favor a constitutional amendment 
providing for the raising of County and State 
School funds sufficient for the maintenance of 
all public schools in all school districts in ac- 
cordance with standard minimum opportun- 
ities established by law and by regulation of 
the State Board of Education ; said County 
taxes shall be levied by Boards of Supervisors 
in accordance with budgets prepared by local 
Boards and approved by the County Boards 
of Education. 

We also favor constitutional and other legal 
provisions whereby local districts may secure 
the levying of school taxes in addition to the 
State and County school funds for permanent 
outlays and for additional educational activ- 
ities, other than those provided for by the 
State and County funds. 

2. We favor the County Unit System of 
school administration in order that the County 
may secure the benefits from a larger unit 
of organization as has been proven in some 
States where this larger unit is the basis of 
School organization. 

3. In such a County Unit of organization 
we favor the election of a County Board of 
Education by direct vote of the people and 
the appointment of County Superintendent of 
Schools by said County Board. 

4. That among the powers granted to the 
County Board of Education by law, the follow- 
ing duties should be prescribed : 

(a) To determine the County tax for 
school purposes; 

(b) To appoint the County Superintendent 
of Schools ; 

(c) To exercise the power over district 
boundaries now vested in Board of Super- 
visors. 

5. We believe at this time that the question 
relating to the choice of State Superintendent 



JANUARY, 1919 



27 



and of the members of tlie State Board of 
Education should not be made a part of the 
program of re-organization. 

6. We favor legislation providing for com- 
pulsory part time or continuation education 
for all minors between tlie ages of twelve and 
eighteen not attending full time public or 
private schools or classes for at least four 
hours a week during at least thirty-six weeks 
each year. 

7. As a part of such continuation work we 
favor requiring instruction in reading, writing 
and speaking the English language and in 
American citizenship to be given all minors 
between the ages of twelve and twenty-one 
who are not able to use the English language 
as required of pupils of the fifth grade in the 
elementary schools, provided that minor may 
be excused therefrom upon satisfactory ev- 
idence of mental or physical incapacity. 



8. \\'e favor a law providing for the com- 
plete registration of minors to secure data for 
the better enforcement of the compulsory 
education and Child Labor laws and for the 
working of plans for the education of illiter- 
ates, minors, non-English speaking minors, 
cripples and all classes of typical children. 

9. We endorse the general provisions of 
Senate Bill 4987 introduced into the U. S. 
Senate by Senator Hoke Smith providing for 
a Federal Department of -Education and ap- 
propriating moneys for the support of educa- 
tion. 

10. We favor the Bill introduced by Senator 
Hoke Smith in the U. S. Senate for the 
rehabilitation and re-education of maimed 
civilians. 

(Signed) GRACE C. STANLEY, 

Secretary. 



THE WOMEN'S LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL 

MRS. A. E. CARTER. President 



This month the Council presents to the 
readers of The Clubwoman the main sec- 
tions of the bill which is to be presented to 
the Legislature for the establishment of the 
California Industrial Farm for Women. 

Section 2. The purpose of said institution 
shall be to provide care, protection, indus- 
trial training and reformatory help for de- 
linquent women. Its primary purpose shall 
not be penal. 

Section 3. Said institution shall be under 
the management and control of a board of 
trustees of five members appointed by the 
governor, four of whom shall be women. 
The terms of office of said trustees shall 
be five years each, * * * 

Section 4. The duties of said board of 
trustees shall be: * * * 

(b) To select and procure with all rea- 
sonable dispatch a suitable site, with the 
necessary appurtenances, for said institu- 
tion. Such site shall be of such, character 
as to aflford ample opportunity for agricul- 
tural work and training to those committed 
to the institution. If there be already owned 
by the state land suitable for such site or as 
a part thereof, and not used, or in the opin- 
ion of the State Board of Control not neces- 
sary for use, by the state for another pur- 
pose, such land may be appropriated by the 
board of trustees with the consent of the 
State Board of Control as the site, or part 
of the site, of said institution. 

(c) To construct and equip in connec- 
tion with or appurtenant to the site so pro- 
cured or appropriated, the buildings, im- 
provements and plant necessary for the ac- 
complishment by said institution of the pur- 



poses for wdiich it is established. * * * 

Section 8. When any woman, eighteen 
years of age or over, is convicted by any- 
court of this state of: prostitution, living 
in a house of prostitution, soliciting for 



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28 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



prostitution, or resorting to a rooming 
house for the purpose of prostitution, or 
being a common drunkard, or a user of 
drugs, such woman shall be committed by 
the court in which she is convicted to said 
institution for an indeterminate period of 
time and until discharged by the board of 
trustees thereof, provided that if within 
thirty days after the arrival of such woman 
at said institution under such commitment 
she be returned to the court by order of the 
board of trustees, or of the superintendent 
of said institution under authority conferred 
upon her by the board of trustees, such 
woman shall be subject to such other dis- 
position as provided by law otherwise than 
by this act. 

Section 9. When any woman, eighteen 
years of age or over, is convicted by any 
court of this state of any crime other than 
those specified in Section 8 hereof, such 
court may suspend sentence upon such 
woman and cominit her to said institution, 
provided that if at any time before her tinal 
discharge from said institution she be re- 
turned by order of the board of trustees 
thereof to the court she shall be subject to 
such other disposition as provided by law 
otherwise than by this act. 

Section 10. Any woman, eighteen years 
of age or over, confined in any penal or 
reformatory institution or prison within this 
state, may be transferred therefrom for the 
serving of her sentence or the balance there- 
of to The California Industrial Farm for 
Women with the consent of the trustees 
thereof by order of the governing board of 
officials of the institution or prison in which 
she is confined, if it be not a county or city 
jail, and of the sheriff of the county if it 
be a county jail, and of the chief of police 
or corresponding official if it be a city jail. 

Section 11. Any woman, eighteen years 
of age or over, may, upon her written re- 
quest, be admitted to said institution by the 
board of trustees thereof, if it believes that 
she is, or is in danger of becoming a pros- 
titute, common drunkard, user of drugs, or 
a criminal. 

Section 12. * * * 

Every woman so committed or trans- 
ferred under this act shall be accompanied 
by a woman attendant from the place of 
commitment or transfer until delivered to 
the institution. 

Section 13. If any woman received by or 
admitted to the institution have a child 
under one year of age, or gives birth to a 
child while an inmate of said institution, 
such child may be admitted to and retained 
in the institution until it reaches the age of 
two years at which time the board of trus- 
tees may arrange for its care elsewhere. 
* * * 

Section 14. There shall be kept at the in- 
stitution a record of the history and prog- 
ress of every woman received by it during 
the period she is under its control and, so 
far as practically possible, prior and subse- 
quent thereto, and all judges, court officials 
and employees, district attornej's, sherififs. 



chiefs of police and peace officers shall fur- 
nish said institution with all data in their 
possession or knowledge relative to any in- 
mate that said institution may request. If 
upon the arrest of any woman it be discov- 
ered that she was theretofore an inmate of 
said institution, it shall be promptly notified 
of her arrest. 

Section IS. Every woman received by 
said institution shall be examined mentally 
and physically and shall, if accepted, be 
given the care, treatment, and training 
adapted to her particular condition. Such 
care, treatment and training shall be along 
the lines best suited to develop her mental- 
ity, character and industrial capacity to a 
point where she can be honorably dis- 
charged from the institution with reasonable 
safety and benefit to herself and to the pub- 
lic at large. Upon her reaching such point 
in the judgment of the board of trustees, 
she shall be honorably discharged from the 
institution, unless she has been transferred 
to it under Section 10 hereof and has not 
fully served her sentence, in which case she 
shall be recommended by the board of trus- 
tees to the governor of the state for pardon. 
In case she shall have been committed to 
the institution under Sections 8 or 9 hereof, 
her honorable discharge shall operate as a 
pardon for the oi^'ense for which she was 
committed. 

Section 16. The board of trustees shall 
have the right to parole any inmate of the 
institution at such time and upon such terms 
as it may deem wise and to recall such 
parole in its discretion and to retake her 
into the custody of the institution. The 
board of trustees shall have the power to 
employ parole agents for the purpose of af- 
fording protection, assistance and guidance 
to women at large on parole. * * * 

Section 22. There is hereby appropriated 
out of any moneys in the state treasury not 
otherwise appropriated the sum of two hun- 
dred and fifty thousand ($250,000) dollars 
for the purposes of this act. 

The sections omitted deal with technical 
matters and have been omitted for lack of 
space. 

The bill is the result of careful and 
extended study by the Committee of 
the Council of which IVlrs. Chester C. 
Ashley was chairman for the southern 
part of the state and Mrs. Aaron 
Schloss for the northern section. The 
Committee was aided in its work by 
representatives, among others, of the 
California Military Warfare Commis- 
sion, the Public Welfare League of 
Alameda County, and the Juvenile Pro- 
tective Association of San Francisco. 
It is now up to the ninety thousand 
members of the Council to see that this 
much needed Home is made possible by 
the votes of our representatives in the 
Legislature of 1919. 
CHARLOTTE ANITA WHITNEY, 

Chairman of Publications. 



lllllllllllliMlllllllli 



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TABLE-QUEEN 

THE BREAD PAR EXCELLENCE 

—Such a flavor, such a quality, 
such a delightful goodness in 
Bradfords loaf of "Table Queen" 

—Enjoy this bread on your table 
-the "Queen of Breads". Other 
bread will not satisfy you after 
eating "Table Queen". 



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30 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



»#.^..»..>»»..#».»M#..»..>..>..»»«..»..»..«..>..>..»..»i.>..t. ^•■•■.>..t..»..«..»..»..»..«..«..«..»..«.^..»..»..> M >..>..«..»..>M— .«..»..t..#..>..»..a.^..»..>..«..»..»..«..>« 



Jessica Lee Briggs, San Francisco 



There are those who have made a pro- 
found study of this subject and who are 
able to discuss it from the infancy of the 
child to the " 'teen age," to those who feel 
impelled to listen; but the wise mother will 
experiment for herself and find out which 
method is likely to be productive of good 
results. And aren't we all after good re- 
sults? 



O LAND, OF EVERY LAND THE BEST 

O Land, of every land, the best, — 
O Land, whose glory shall increase; 

Now in your whitest raiment dressed 
For the great festival of peace: . . . 

On mountain high and valley low, 

Set Freedom's living fires to burn; 
Until the midnight sky shall show 

A redder glory than the morn. 

— Phoebe Gary. 

Few there can be who can read the re- 
ports of the royal welcome and reception 
accorded the President of the United States 
on the continent and in England without a 
thrill of pride and patriotism. For notwith- 
standing the scholarly attainment and the 
superior statesmanship of the President, 
everyone knows, even to Mr. and Mrs. Wil- 
son themselves, that it is the Stars and 
Stripes which are being thus welcomed with 
salvos and salaams. It is the Flag which is 
being heralded everywhere as the symbol of 
freedom from tyranny and oppression. 

Even self-satisfied and insular Spain has 
broken away from kingcraft and church- 
craft enough to ask the question: Who is 
Mr. Wilson? Where is the United States? 



And so, — the next thing at hand is to 
democratize democracy by giving the 
women a voice in the affairs of the govern- 
ment, 

Late reports on this question place the 
United States along in line with China, 
Africa and the Fiji Islands. The Republic of 
Germanjf (?) has granted the vote to its 
women. 

And the next thing to do is to control 
fully — or abolish entirely — Child Labor. 



And the next thing to do is to American- 
ize America. Not so much by preaching- 
American Ideals — which preaching at best 
can hardly do more than form an abstract 
picture to be stored away in the mind of the 
listeners — but by practicing these ideals, 
simply, naturally, in a spirit of friendliness 
and love. This, toward our next-door neigh- 
bor and the woman in the tenement at the 
end of the street, whether native-born or 
foreign. 

It is the personal contact always which 
tells the story; and most of our lives are 
spent in story-telling. 



In concern of the Child- Welfare Year 
which is, and it is to be hoped wiU continu- 
ously be, upon us, comes the annual ques- 
tion: Whether to spank or not to spank? 

Can "moral suasion" always be used to 
the better advantage, or is it sometimes bet- 
ter to use a slipper? And suppose the slip- 
per slips? Will the result be more serious 
than if the moral suasion loses its power 
to sway? 



Apropos of the downfall of Royalty and 
of royal receptions being accorded democ- 
racy, it is interesting to learn that there 
have long been sympathetic connections be- 
tween kings and people with regard espe- 
cially to spring-garden products. For in- 
stance: lettuce has always been served on 
royal tables, the name being derived from 
that of a noble Roman family; radishes were 
esteemed so highly by the Greeks as to have 
been presented in beaten gold in offering 
oblations to Apollo; the Emperor Tiberius 
held parsnips in high repute; beets are 
prized; and, although the carrot has lost 
somewhat of its reputation in modern times, 
during the reign of Elizabeth the leaves of 
this vegetable were used as headdresses of 
the court ladies. Who shall say that there 
is so great a difference in taste? 



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Pure Italian Method 

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Phone 10082 



JANUARY, 1919 



31 



THE DISTRICT NEWS STAND 



NORTHERN DISTRICT 
Mrs. E. Earle, Chairman 

The regular monthly meeting of the 
Northern District Evecutive Board was held 
the first Saturday in December, at the Sac- 
ramento Hotel, with the President, Mrs. G. 
E. Chappell, presiding. Representatives 
from the various federated clubs through- 
out the Northern District were present, and 
the session was a very interesting one. Mrs. 
H. Studarus was appointed Recording Sec- 
retary, Mrs. R. Skinner's resignation having 
been accepted by the Executive Board. 

Mrs. Geo. M. Purnell was appointed as 
Chairman of the Program Committee for 
the N. D. Convention which is to be held 
in March. 

Owing to the recent epidemic and its in- 
fluence upon the activities of the various 
clubs, these organizations were asked not 
to relinquish their interest in club affairs, 
but to endeavor to keep the members to- 
gether and busy with what war-relief work 
there was until such a time as normal con- 
ditions are again established. 

Mrs. Bradford Woodbridge of Roseville 
gave an interesting account of the Rose- 
ville Club and told how the club home had 
been opened during the epidemic, and the 
sick and the families of the sick taken in 
and cared for. 

Mrs. Chappell spoke at length of the State 
Executive Board meeting recently held in 
San Francisco, at which she spoke on the 
subject of the need for the betterment of 
the conditions, regarding salaries of army 
nurses, and other matters pertaining to 
them and their work. A splendid sugges- 
tion by the President was to the effect that 
the vice-presidents in the Northern District 
keep in closer touch with the Club presi- 
dents, thus giving them a more definite work 
to perform. 

Mrs. Wm. Rackerby, Chairman of the 
Child Welfare Committee, was instructed 
to co-operate with the different clubs, and 
to ask them to take the initiative in the 
Children's Week to be held in February, 
provided no other organization is to take 
charge. 

The next regular meeting of the Execu- 



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(Highest Quality Goods) 



tive Board of the Northern District is to be 
held January 11, 1919, and all Club presi- 
dents are invited to be present. 

LOS ANGELES DISTRICT 

The report of the first Press Conference 
in Los Angeles District by Peggy Royal in 
The Evening E-xpress will be of interest to 
all club women. It marks a step forward in 
the work of this most important depart- 
ment, and it is hoped that it will prove an 
impetus to other Press Chairmen to hold 
similar conferences in this district. 

Twenyt-five press chairmen from the va- 
rious clubs of Los Angeles District Fed- 
eration gathered at the first press confer- 
ence held this year, in the Chamber of 
Commerce building. Many were armed with 
note books and evidently every one was 
ready to absorb benefit, whether it came in 
pleasant words or unpleasant form of sharp 
criticism from the newswomen at the club 
desks in Los Angeles. 

Dr. Louise Harvey Clarke, editor of The 
Clubwoman, made the first talk of the ses- 
sion in which she took away the sense of 
pride in having originated the idea of press 
conferences from the Los Angeles district 
officials. These gatherings had existed be- 
fore, two having been held at the Mission 
Inn, Riverside, and one at San Diego. 

However the matter of credit for origina- 
tion of the plan of holding press confer- 
ences, the Los Angeles district officials can 
pride themselves in the fact that this is the 
first time a systematic arid regular series 
of such assemblies has been conceived, and 
if the plan of holding these every first Sat- 
urday of the month througliout the club 
year with the open forum features is fol- 
lowed, a vast amount of benefit must eventu- 
ally result. 

Mrs. Mattison B. Jones, president of the 
district, Mrs. Harry Duffield, district press 
chairman, Mrs. Alma Whitaker, Miss Flor- 
ence Isaacs, Miss Jean Redmon and Miss 
Pearl Rail discussed many points of utmost 
interest and value to the club publicity 
women. They explained technical matters, 
mostly of the more elementary character 
though none the less important in the prep- 
aration of the best copy for publication; 
told a few amusing professional stories: 
scolded one another a bit and entered 
slightly upon the psychological aspects of 
publicity from various angles. 

The next convention was set for January, 
at which time certain reports will be pre- 
pared by those who attended this first con- 



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32 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



ference, to be criticised from a newspaper 
viewpoint. 

The Frida}' Morning- Club resumed activi- 
ties on January 31, 1919 with a lecture by 
Madeline Veverka, who is the official 
speaker for the Czecho-Slovak Society. 
Mme. Veverka spoke on the Czecho-Slovak 
Republic and cleared up a good many hazy 
ideas in regard to her people. Other wom- 
en's clubs would do well to secure Mme. 
Veverka as a speaker. 

On January 31, the Friday Morning Club 
are to have Baroness Huard, author of "My 
Home on the Field of Honor" and "My 
Home on the Field of Mercy,' 'as speaker 
and guest of honor. This will be a great 
treat to the many who have read these in- 
teresting and thrilling war chronicles. 



SOUTHERN DISTRICT 

The Southern District Convention of Wo- 
men's Clubs, which was to have been held 
January 15-17, 1919, in Ontario, has been 
postponed on account of the influenza. An- 
nouncement as to time and place will be 
given later. 



Redlands Contemporary Club celebrated 
its twenty-fifth birthday on Frida3', January 
3, 1919, with a brilliant reception afternoon 
and evening. 



The Civic Section of the Riverside Wo- 
man's Club held the first meeting of the 
season, the influenza ban being lifted. An 
instructive address on the League of Na- 
tions was given .by Dr. George E. Laughton, 
pastor of the First Congregational church 
of that citj'. 



SAN FRANCISCO 
Mrs. W. C, Morrow .Chairman 
Mrs. Frank Fredricks, the District Presi- 
dent, returned from her interesting trip to 
the Northern counties, where among many 
other pleasant things she met with the new 
club composed of intelligent, home-loving 
Indian women, and plunged at once into the 
work of alleviating the distress in stricken 



households caused by the epidemic. With 
her knowledge of French and Italian she 
went into the homes of the foreign popula- 
tion and did valiant duty as a nurse. 

Laurel Hall members, Cap and Bell, The 
Pap3'rus, and many other clubs, volunteered 
as individual members for nursing and other 
work. Many a poor sick mother, too ill to 
care for her babes and family, has cause 
to bless the energetic, capable clubwoman 
who went to her in her hour of distress 
and proved efficient and reliable help. 

To Kalon Club held no meetings in No- 
vember. A Board Meeting was held during 
the month. The members of To Kalon 
diligently cared for the sick and relieved 
the needy. They also worked in the United 
War Work Campaign under the leadership 
of Mrs. A. W. Stokes. 

The Salinas Civic Club has been active in 
War Work. Since May 19, 1918, the fol- 
lowing amounts have been raised and ex- 
pended: 

Local Senior Red Cross Chapter.. 
Local Junior Red Cross Chapter.. 
Local Canteen Fund 

The club purchased $150 worth of Liberty 
Bonds during the Fourth Liberty Loan 
Drive, making $500 the club has invested 
in Liberty Bonds. 

The following sections are well organized 
in this club; Music Section, Current Events, 
Child Welfare, Social Service and Home 
Service Committee. Mrs. F. B, Lauritzen 
is President and Mrs. Edward L. Helbron 
Secretary. 

The Pacific Coast Women's Press Asso- 
ciation held one meeting in November, 
A'lembers' Day, Monday, November 25th. 
.■Mthough the club is supposed to be literary, 
most of its assemblages have been devoted 
to music. 



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.. 203.10 
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SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY DISTRICT 

Mrs. W. L. Potts, Chairman 
The first board meeting of the San Joa- 
quin Valley District Federation was held 
at Strathmore, the Strathmore Town and 
Country Club acting as the hostess on this 



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— makers of Swastika Brand — the 
best biscuits. Demand Swastikas! 



ifi!fiyiH;!fiHibFiy=;LHHitf;y;ij;Lf;i^ij^if;Lf^i|^Lf;y;ij^ 



JANUARY, 1919 



33 



occasion. The clubliouse was suitably dec- 
orated and Mrs. G. H. Crowley, the club 
president, greeted the members in behalf of 
lier club, and after unison singing of 
"America" the District President took 
charge of the meeting and the forenoon ses- 
sion was devoted to routine business which 
included plans of the district chairmen for 
the coming year and the report of club 
liresidents. 

The succeeding reports of chairmen and 
club presidents all emphasized the fact that 
each had planned the work of her year 
with the dominant thought of service to 
country as the matter of most vital impor- 
tance. 

■At noon a delightful ride through the 
orange groves preceded luncheon, which 
was served by the hostess club. Sixty 
guests enjoyed the delicious luncheon and 
the afternoon was .given over to a splendid 
literary and musical program prepared bj' 
a committee of the Strathmore Club. 

The importance of Child Welfare was not 
overlooked during the summer vacation in 
the San Joaquin. Dr. Flora Smith, chair- 
man of Child \\'elfare of the district, ar- 
ranged for summer vacations for thirty chil- 
dren from San Francisco to be spent in and 
near Kingsburg. The children were to stay 
three weeks, but in many cases the people 
who had planned to keep them begged that 
they be allowed to remain until the open- 
ing of the city schools, so a number had 
six weeks' vacation in the real country, 
thiroughly enjoying the many pleasures pro- 
vided for them. Much care was taken b}' 
Dr. Smith in planning the details of the 
vacation for these children, and to her and 
the homes which opened their doors for 
their reception the children could not saj' 
enough in praise. 

The Woman's Improvement Club of Mo- 
desto provided the money to pay for the 
playgrounds supervisor in their city as their 
summer contribution to Child Welfare work. 

The Selma Woman's Improvement Club 
has charge of the playground of their city, 
and before the summer months had new 
wading pools made for the comfort of the 
youngsters. 



PEERLESS 
LAUNDRY COMPANY 

All That the Name Implies 

AS TO 
FAMILY WASHING, FAMILY STYLE 

Main Street at Slauson Ave. 
Home 27961 South 6518 



Great disappointment has been mani- 
fested throughout the district over the post- 
ponement of Mrs. Cable's visits, caused by 
the prevailing epidemic, but it is hoped a 
later trip may be made to the district by 
our State President. 

The Parlor Lecture Club of Fresno turned 
over its clubhouse to the health authorities 
of the city, and it was used exclusivel}' for 
pneumonia patients. Many of the club mem- 
bers were volunteer nurses. 

The Tuesday Club of Lindsay recently 
got out a Woman's Edition of the Lindsay 
Gazette, which gave much publicity to the 
annual chrj'santhemum show which has 
been observed for several years past by this 
active, progressive club. This show has 
been the incentive for the planting of many 
lieantiful gardens, of which the city is justly 
proud, and it has also enriched the fund of 
tlie building association. 

The Woman's Edition was a credit to the 
members of the Tuesday Club, who can 
always be counted upon to do things well. 
The activities of the women of the com- 
munity were featured. One of many ar- 
ticles gave a history of the club, another 
gave an account of the work of the Red 
Cross, local chapter. Airs. William Hilger 
contributed a very splendid and interestin.g 
article on the Women's Clubs of Tulare 
County, which article everj' clubwoman in 
the county will appreciate. 

Attractive cuts of prominent clubwomen 
of the community, and officers of the Red 
Cross, were featured in the paper, in which 
the merchants, by their liberal advertising, 
evinced their interest and heart)' coopera- 
tion. 

Much credit is due the following stafif, 
which assumed the responsibility for the 
publication of the Women's Edition: Faith 
M. Hostetter, Editor: Lulu McLees, Associ- 
ate Editor: Anna Kiggens. City Editor; 
Vella Nntt, Advertising Manager; Anne 
Eddy, Assistant Advertising Manager. The 
regular force of the Lindsay Gazette heart- 
ily cooperated with the women's staff. 



The year 1919 unfolds itself to the club- 
world and will, apparently, be an even busier 
period for the clubwomen than the year and 




Manufacturers of 



HOME-MADE 



HIGH-GRADE FLOUR 

AND ALL KINDS OF CEREALS 
Loi Angelea, Cal. 



34 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



a half of war. For this is the period of re- 
construction and adjustment. 

Unfortunately the epidemic has returned 
and many of the clubs have had to cancel 
their meetings. A number of club houses 
were turned into temporary hospitals and 
many clubwomen volunteered as nurses. 
Every club in the Valley had a great many 
mebmers working for the Red Cross Christ- 
mas Roll Call. 

The Executive Board of the San Joaquin 
Valley District Federation of Women's 
Clubs met at the Parlor Lecture Club house 
in Fresno, Tuesday, December 17th. Mrs. 
W. A. Fitzgerald, District President, was 
unable o preside, being called out of town 
on account of illness. The meeting was pre- 
sided over by Mrs. J. Ed Hughes, ex-Presi- 
dent of the District. 

Department chairmen made reports for 
the clubs and there was a general expres- 
sion in each that the real work of the club- 
women is to commence now. Women are 
naturally interested in the work of recon- 
struction, and there is more incentive, if pos- 
sible, than in the necessary work which has 
been the all-absorbing interest of the club- 
women during the period of hostilities. 

Reabsorption of the soldier population 
will be among the first steps in the period of 
reconstruction. One of the best projects 
mentioned is that of the establishing of 
schools for maimed soldiers where voca- 
tional education will be taught. It has been 
deemed better by the clubwomen that these 
schools be separate from those for juvenile 
students in the public educational system. 

One of the very first measures ever to be 
taken up by the clubwomen, in which there 
is a possible and probable benefit for the 
women themselves, is the prospective profit- 
eering survey which they are to make. The 
information is to be obtained unostenta- 
tiously and then the results are to be given 
wide publicity. 

Help for the Indians was presented as 
needful and plans are to be presented at the 
next meeting. 

Ratification of several appointments was 
made, including that of Mrs. W. B. Phillips 
of Porterville as acting Vice-President, Mrs. 
George W. Turner, corresponding secre- 
tary. Miss Frances Dean, chairman of the 
social and industrial commitete. Mrs. Mol- 
lie B. Flagg of Turlock and Mrs. Martha 
Hampton of Hardwick gave interesting out- 
lines for community council. 

The Coalinga Woman's Club has had sev- 
eral interesting meetings. The Leisure Hour 
Club was entertained by Mrs. Jerome O. 
Cross when Mrs. George Eccles read some 
of Browning's poems. The Exeter Wom- 
an'c Club resumed meetings after several 
weeks' adjournment. The Terry Club met 
on December eleventh at the home of Mrs. 
E. G. Terry, featured Christmas Roll Call 
Day. The Parlor Lecture Club of Fresno 
celebrated its twenty-fourth birthday on De- 
cember twelfth with a delightful birthday 
party and Peace Pageant. 



PHILHARMONIC 

COURSES IN LOS 

ANGELES 

PHILHARMONIC COURSES IN LOS 
ANGELES 



Owing to the many changes in dates 
necessitated by the recent epidemic ban, 
Manager Behymer desires to call the par- 
ticular attention of Philharmonic subscribers 
and music lovers to the change in dates. 
The original Rudolph Ganz (pianist) date 
was November 30, he will now be heard on 
Saturday afternoon, February 1st; Ethel 
Leginska (pianist) original date November 
26 has been transferred to April 22; Louis 
Graveure, the distinguished baritone, will 
now be heard on Tuesday evening, April 
1st, and Saturday afternoon, April 5th; 
John McCormack dates have been trans- 
ferred from November to May 3, 6, and 8. 

A Midwinter Philharmonic Evening Series 
is scheduled for Los Angeles at Trinity 
Auditorium. This course will permit the 
patron of music a choice of seven world 
famous artists from the following list, with 
the usual season ticket price in vogue (Sev- 
en concerts for Five, Six, Eight and Ten 
Dollars according to location) : — Lucy 
Gates and Trio de Lutece fl.ute, harp, cello 
and voice), Thursday evening, January 23; 
Anna Case, American lyric soprano, Tues- 
day evening, February 25; May Peterson, 
American lyric soprano, Tuesday even- 
ing, March 11; Frances Alda, dramatic 
soprano, Thursday evening, March 20; Louis 
Graveure, baritone, Tuesday evening, April 
1; Mabel Garrison, distinguished coloratura 
soprano, Tuesday evening, April IS; John 
McCormack in May and Sophie Braslau, the 
splendid American contralto, on May 13th. 
Matinee Philharmonic Course 

The Matinee Philharmonic Course which 
has for years proven so popular to the win- 
ter tourist and the out-of-town music pa- 
tron, will be opened on Saturday afternoon, 
January 25, with Lucy Gates, soprano, and 
the Trio de Lutece presenting an unhack- 
neyed, novel program of vocal and instru- 
mental music, followed by Rudolph Ganz, 
the popular Swiss pianist, on February 1st. 
Yvette Guilbert, the clever, charming repre- 
sentative of an unique phase of French art, 
on March 29; Louis Graveure, the Belgian 
baritone will be heard on April 5th; Mabel 
Garrison on April 19th; closing with the 
only matinee concert in the Southland by 
John McCormack on May 3rd. 

There is a special Course for the benefit 
of the Student and Teacher, at a minimum 
rate of admission and a Piano Students' 
Course including Rudolph Ganz, Joseph 
Hofmann, Ethel Leginska, Leopold Godow- 
sky, and one concert by May Peterson, the 
most ditsinguished American singer on the 
lyric stage. Tickets at Trinity Auditorium. 



Official Or|an of the 

Galifofiiia ^deration oj 

Women's Clubs 

Composed of over 40000 Members 




Ts- J. L. Gillis, - 
State Library , 

Sacrarreiito, Cal. 




A^ 



February, 1919 
Vol. XI. No. 5 



The Clubwoman 



San Francisco, Cal. 
1942A Hyde St. 



Official Organ of the California Federation of Women's Clubs 

Composed of Over 40,000 Members 

PUBLISHED MONTHLY 

OFFICES 
Hyde Park, Cal. Los Angeles, Cal. 

Box 3 Brack Shops 

. Telephone 79638 Connecting All Departments 

DR. LOUISE HARVEY CLARKE, State Chairman and Southern Federation Editor. 1046 Orange St., Riverside 
MISS JESSICA LEE BRIGGS. State Chairman and Northern Federation Editor, 1942A Hyde St., San Francisco 
MRS. J. A. MATTHEWS, Club Representative, Brack Shops, Los Angeles 

Copy from the Clubs Must be Sent to the District Press Chairmen 

Subscription Price, Fifty Cents the year. Ten Cents the Copy 

Entered at the Hyde Park Postoffice as second-class matter. 

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MOROSCO THEATRE 

BROADWAY NEAR EIGHTH 

Now Playing 

"YES or NO" 

COMING 

"The WaUc-Offs" 

"Very Good Eddie" 



;iiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiii)iiiii)iiiiiiiiriiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiii:iiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiitiiiiiiiiiitiiiit(iiiiniiiii(iiu 

I A Woman's Shop | 

I in a Man's Store I 

= I 

I Where men really feel "at home" i 

i in selecting gifts to please the | 

= women. Suggest it to the men I 

= folks in your family. | 



IM i 1 1 i o n Dollar TKeatre p 

Broadway at Third i 

NOW PLAYING 1 

"DON'T CHANGE YOUR HUSBAND" 1 

COMING i 

JOHN BARRYMORE 1 

IN i 

"HERE COMES THE BRIDE" 1 

ELSIE FERGUSON 1 

IN 1 

"HIS PARISIAN WIFE" 1 

CHARLES RAY 1 

IN i 

"THE GIRL DODGER" g 

Superb Grand Symphony Orchestra and = 

Symphonic Pipe-Organ Music = 



= Spring near Sixth I 

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kiRema^ 



WILLIAM PARSONS 

Presents 

DAINTY BILLIE RHODES 

IN 

"HOOP-LA, THE CIRCUS GIRL" 

COMING 

"THE HEART OF HUMANITY" 

by 

DOROTHY PHILLIPS 



THE CLUBWOMAN 




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Editorial Xotes 7 

Resolutions of the State Executive Board Recommending 

Legislation 8 

Greetings - 9 

A Messaee to Clubwomen 9 

General Federation 10 

\A'ar \'ictory Commission .11 

Department Legislation and Political Science 12 

More Money for Elementary Schools 16 

An Industrial Farm for Women 17 

Urge Establishment for Child Hygiene Bureau 18 

On the Measure for Elementary School Appropriation 18 

Women Teach Farming 20 

Events of Interest in Los Angeles 21 

C)ur Xorthern Neighbors — 22 

Council of Defense '. ..22 

National Reconstruction Suggestions 23 

Our Lost Leader 25 

A Tribute to the IMemory of Mrs. Alice Fredericks 26 

The District News Stand 

Los Angeles 28 

Southern 28 

San Francisco , 29 

Northern 32 

San Joaquin \'alley 33 

Alameda 33 




THE CLUBWOMAN 




FEBRUARY, 1919 



EDITORIAL NOTES 



TO T. R. 



DON'T WANT TO BE FUSSED OVER 



How can we manage with our Brother 

gone? 
We smaller folk who looked to him to voice 

our voicelessness! 
We have not lost him — he has but gone 

ahead a little way, 
To gain new knowledge and new strength, 

new power to see the end from the 

beginning. 
So that when next our earth be ripe for his 

endeavor, 
He shall return and lead us on again, a 

little nearer 
To the light that shines upon him now so 

clearly, 
Making plain to him the path he trod so 

manfully each day of all his days. 
We do not call him to come back from that 

free plane where now he moves un- 

trammeled — 
Unbeset by littleness, by envy of his power 

to read our hearts. 
And blazon forth the message that he found 

there, 
So that those in highest place among us 

needs must hear and heed 
The will of us — the silent ones — who work 

and think and feel. 
And are America! 

— New York Christian Advocate. 



A KNIGHT OF THE LEGION OF 
HONOR 



On the 18th of January, Hugh Gibson 
was made a Knight of the Legion of Honor 
by France in recognition of his service to 
Northern France while he was a member 
of the Committee for Relief of Belgium. 

Mr. Gibson is now in Poland on a special 
mission of rehabilitation. 



CALIFORNIA HONORED 



Dr. Margaret S. McNaught, State Com- 
missioner of Elementary Schools, has been 
elected Chairman of N. E. ."X. Committee on 
Revision of Elementary Education. The 
office was made vacant by the death of 
Ella Flagg Young. This is indeed an honor 
to a California woman well deserved. 

Dr. McNaught in her letter of acceptance 
to Dr. Geo. D. Strayer, Teachers College. 
Columbia University, states that she had 
discussed the matter with the State Board 
of Education and it was shown that the 
work which she would be doing as chair- 
man of such a committee was in direct line 
with similar work now in progress in Cali- 
fornia. 



There is a disposition among some of 
the newspapers of the state to make a good 
deal of "fuss and feathers" over the four 
women who are members of the assembly 
at Sacramento this year. The Editor ven- 
tures the guess that this talk about "repre- 
sentatives of weaker sex" and a lot of other 
tommy rot that is being served is very dis- 
tasteful to the four quiet and capable women 
who are sitting in a California legislature 
for the first time. They want to be treated 
simply as assemblymen, without raising the 
sex question at all. 

Women have been serving for years as 
county officers in California and other 
states, and the number has increased rap- 
idly as one state after another has adopted 
equal suffrage. They are serving with men 
on various state and municipal boards in 
California, and doing their work quietly and 
efficiently — quite as efficiently as the men. 
In fact if there is any difference it is that 
the women take their positions more seri- 
ously than do the men and are less inclined 
to think of politics and playing to the gal- 
leries. The writer has served for over five 
years w-ith women on one of the important 
state boards and feels qualified to speak 
with some degree of authority. 

It was inevitable that women should be 
elected to the legislature in California, as 
they have been in other states. They have 
taken the responsibilities of citizenship in 
fine spirit, and have worked with marked 
ability along side of men in political or- 
ganizations of the state and the various 
counties. It was a natural step to send some 
of them to the legislature, and as the years 
go by a still larger representation will be 
found there. 

The women are deeply interested in edu- 
cation, in legislation for health, conserva- 
tion and moral reforms; and they will sup- 
ply an altruistic element that will be a dis- 
tinct advantage. In committee work, discus- 
sions on the floor and in sound judgment 
as to the best measures to support, they will 
be found fully equipped to hold their own 
with the best men who will sit beside them. 

It is a bit novel to look down on the floor 
of the assembly and see women sitting 
there, but we have become so well ac- 
customed to seeing them in similar posi- 
tions that we ought to accept the situation 
without any great surprise. The women 
members of the assembly are already show- 
ing themselves to be "regular fellows" and 
have no desire to be considered in any other 
light. 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



WOMEN NAMED MEMBERS OF UNI- 
VERSITY FACULTY 



Seven women received appointments as 
members of the faculty of the University of 
California at the January meeting of the 
board of regents. 

They are: Dr. Emma K. Willitts, assist- 
ant clinical professor of surgery; Mrs. Bar- 
bara Nachtrieb Grimes, lecturer in law and 
social economics; Christine Betholas, in- 
structor in English branches in the Wild- 
merding school; Miss Minnie A. Tribby and 
Miss Fleda E. Smith, assistants in agricul- 
tural extension; Eleanor P. Godfrey, labora- 
tory technician in the university infirmary; 
Dr. Anna M. Flynn. instructor in laryngol- 
ogy, otology and rhinology. 



and the "have-not's" — between those who 
have not a fair living and those who have 
more than is good for them — how is it to be 
settled? Cannot the Church, rightly inter- 
preting the message of the Carpenter of 
Nazareth, lead the way to peace and good- 
will between capital and labor? 



THEY'LL NOT WASH THE DISHES 
NOR YET FEED THE SWINE 



CAPITAL AND LABOR FORGET 



"Where is our constitutional right to life, 
liberty and the pursuit of happiness?" 
This eternal struggle between the "have's" 



The car may be out of service, but the 
women are not. Since the war forced them 
to take man-sized jobs, they have found 
that to mend automatic couplers on subway 
cars is really as easy as to sit on a cushion 
and sew a fine seam, and also that it pro- 
vides a larger supply of strawberries, sugar 
and cream. 

So they have learned to weld and rivet 
and drive nails, and now they are ready for 
any work that may come to them in the big 
job of repairing the world — World Out- 
look. 



RESOLUTIONS OF THE STATE EXECUTIVE 
BOARD RECOMMENDING LEGISLATION 



At the last regular meeting of the State 
Executive Board, the following resolutions 
were passed, and copies forwarded to the 
members of the California Legislature. 
"Woman Suffrage" 

"Whereas, the California Federation of 
Women's Clubs, in convention assembled in 
Long Beach in 1911, endorsed suffrage for 
women when it was a question before the 
voters of the people of the State, and 

Whereas, the California Federation is a 
part of the General Federation which is of 
national scope, and 

Whereas, the California Federation ap- 
preciates the privilege of citizenship and de- 
sires to assist in the enfranchisement of all 
women of the Nation, therefore be it 

Resolved: that we request the Legislature 
of California to immediately pass the fol- 
lowing, or a similar resolution: 
Concurrent Resolution: "Woman Su:rage" 

"Whereas, the women of California have 
been voting citizens for nearly eight years, 
and 

Whereas, they have conscientiously ful- 
filled the privileges and duties of citizen- 
ship, therefore be it 

Resolved: by the Legislature of the State 
of California, both Houses concurring, that 
we urge upon the Congress of the United 
States that the Amendment to the Federal 
Constitution, known as the Susan B. An- 
thony Amendment, be enacted as speedily 
as possible in order that the women of the 



Nation may be accorded their proper place 
as citizens in a Democracy, and be it 

Further Resolved: that a copy of the 
foregoing resolution be sent to the Sen- 
ators from California, the Honorable Hiram 
Johnson and the Honorable James B. Phe- 
lan, in order that California, a State where 
women vote, may aid in securing enfran- 
chisement for the women of the Nation." 
"League of Nations" 

"Whereas, during the period of the war, 
the women of the world have loyally and 
enthusiastically supported their govern- 
ments, and have shown their patriotism and 
love of country in every possible way, and 

Whereas, now that the armistice is signed, 
women realize that they have never been 
consulted about the making of wars, nor the 
framing of peace terms, and 

Whereas, this greatest war of the world 
which has just come to an end, was de- 
clared to be a war to end all wars, therefore 
be it 

Resolved: that the State executive board 
of the California Federation of Women's 
Clubs, in executive session assembled, do 
hereby go on record in favor of a League 
of Nations, through the formation of which 
we hope for justice and lasting peace for 
the world, and be it 

Further Resolved: that copies of this 

resolution be sent to President Wilson, to 

the Secretary of State, and to the Senators 

and Congressmen from California, and to 

the members of the California Legislature." 



FEBRUARY, 1919 



"Child Hygiene Bureau" 
In accordance with action taken at a pre- 
vious meeting to endorse and co-operate 
with the work of "Children's Year," which 
is a Nation-wide movement conducted under 
the Federal Children's Bureau and the Child 
Welfare Department of the Council of Na- 
tional Defense; and since the program as 
outlined by these National agencies recom- 
mended the establishment of a "Child Hy- 
giene" Bureau in every State, the follow- 



ing resolution was passed: 

"Resolved: that the Executive Board of 
the California Federation of Women's Clubs 
endorse the establishment of a Child Hy- 
giene Bureau in the State Board of Health 
and offer to the Chairman of the 'Chil- 
dren's Year,' Dr. Adelaide Brown, our 
hearty support and co-operation in the ef- 
fort to secure such a Bureau." 

(Mrs. Herbert A.) BERTHA L. CABLE, 

President. 



To Presidents of Women's Clubs in California: 

Please read this Greeting at your next Club meeting and post on your bulletin board. 
A limited number of these posters are available at a cost of twenty cents each. Apply 
to Mrs. C. M. Haring, No. 2523 Hillegas Avenue, Berkeley, Gal. 

You will receive at an early date a revised set of suggestions from the Home Eco- 
nomics Department. 



GREETINGS, 1919 



For the first time in history, women as an organized constructive force, have partici- 
pated in a great war. The Allied-American victory in 1918 had its foundation, not only 
in the heroism of the men at the front, but as well in the unselfish devotion and sacrifice 
of the women in industry, in the home and in war organizations. 

We must go forward into the victorious year of 1919 determined to maintain those 
principles for which the war was fought. Nor can we go back to the basis of pre-war 
thinking or pre-war living. We could not have won the war if the people of America had 
not sincerely and honestly saved food in order to give to our Allies assurance against 
starvation. The saving of food and the elimination of waste is not only a War Emerg- 
ency Act. It is today the basis of the continuation of civilization. The unnecessary 
use of food and thoughtless waste of food must hereafter be regarded as acts against or- 
ganized society. 

With the victorious close of the war, we cannot cast aside responsibilities which we 
accepted as patriotic duties during war time. Responsibility for the continuation of the 
spirit of food saving and proper food usage must be continued after the close of the 
official existence of the Food Administration and projected into peace times in this 
State through the agency of the California Federation of Women's Clubs. 

With deepest appreciation of the devoted services which have been rendered and 
with best wishes for the New Year, I am, 



Cordian3' yours, 



RALPH P. MERRITT. 



A MESSAGE TO CLUB WOMEN 



Dear Co-Workers: 

After a long, hard fight with the influ- 
enza, extending over a period of twelve 
weeks, during which time I have been a 
shut-in, 1 will at least try to emerge from 
my seclusion long enough to send a message 



of greeting to the club women of the State. 
As we start out on a new year, we can- 
not help but contrast the conditions of the 
opening of the year 1919 with that of 1918. 
What a feeling of contentment comes 
over us to think our country is not at war. 
But with the great heart-throbs we experi- 



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10 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



ence at the coming of Peace, there is still 
mingled a feeling of consternation as we 
face the conditions this long looked-for, 
long prayed-for end of the world war brings 
to us — the problems of reconstruction and 
rehabilitation. 

There is so much for us all to do, not 
only for the present members of the vari- 
ous clubs, but for all the women of the 
United States. Let us not drop back into 
the old rut, the old listless, unemotional way 
of doing things. The war-work has shown 
us what can be accomplished if we go at 
things with a vim and a determination to 
win. Back of it all, of course, there must 
be motive. We have found how easy it is 
to get women who never thought of join- 
ing a club to come out and give their time 
and their money to the Red Cross, because 
they felt the call "to arms" in the cause of 
humanity. What a lesson this should be to 
us. Many of the women who have become 
efficient war-workers have said they had no 
time to give to clubs as they were little 
more than social functions. To a certain 
extent we have deserved this criticism. 

There is one question that has troubled 
me not a little, all during the period of the 
war, and that is, from the time war was 
declared and the men called — had donned 
their uniforms — we were told by the heads 
of the Army and Navy, we must do all we 
could to help keep up the moral standard 
of the men, so the consequence was, no 
matter from what walk of life they came 
the best homes in the land were thrown 
open to them, and no questions asked. They 
ate at our tables, they rode in our machines, 
they danced with our daughters and, in 
fact, stayed in our homes as honored guests. 
Now the question that has puzzled me for 
months and is still puzzling me is what 
effect this is going to have on these young 
men, if as soon as they take off the uniform 



we drop them and treat them as we did 
before war. 

These boys have just had enough of the 
right kind of living to make them want 
more, and if they are neglected by the peo- 
ple who lionized them while in uniform, 
and they become aware it was not the man 
but the clothes he wore of whom the people 
thought, they in their despondency and 
loneliness may lose the desire for better 
things. If Secretary Baker and Secretary 
Daniels felt entertainment must be given 
the boys to make them fit for the Army and 
Navy, we women ought to understand the 
same thing would hold good to make them 
fit for the home life. 

The clubs in every city, town and com- 
munity should see that Defenders' Clubs 
for the Army and Navy are still kept up — 
and all the men who wore the uniform and 
can show an honorable discharge could be- 
come members and have the advantages of 
the club. In these club rooms there should 
be good reading, music, games — in fact, 
everything that tends to refine the individ- 
ual. All this should be supervised by the 
women taking turns just as they do now. 

This is the greatest work we have before 
us to do, and if we cannot finance it our- 
selves, we should ask for an appropriation 
to carry on the work, as it would be a bene- 
fit to the whole state, in helping to save 
these young men whose regular ways of 
living have been so upset by war condi- 
tions. 

Let us think these problems of recon- 
struction over carefully, and every one be 
ready to respond to the call. 

With heartiest greetings and best wishes 
for the coming year, I am, 

Sincerely yours, 
■ MRS. A. B. ARMSTRONG, 
Vice-President, C. F. W. C. 



GENERAL FEDERATION 



January 20, 1919. 
To the Over-Seas Unit of the General Fed- 
eration of Women's Clubs. 
My dear Friends: 

Since the width of the continent inter- 
venes and I am thereby prevented from ac- 
tually taking part, in person, in the cere- 
monies attending your sailing, it is my de- 
sire to extend to you a message of "good- 
will and good-bye." 

You are embarking upon this mission of 
service as representatives of a great body 
of women, whose unselfish activities for hu- 
manity cover a period of almost a genera- 
tion, and whose motto is "Unity in Divers- 
ity." 

Let each one, as she is assigned to her 
special task, bear in mind that she is min- 
istering, IN HIS NAME, and that the hopes 
and prayers, not only of the clubwomen of 



her own state, but of the entire General 
Federation, support and follow her. 

Carry into your work those elements of 
high purpose, indomitable courage, effi- 
ciency and stainless character, which alone 
will assure success. 

We entrust you. daughters of the Fed- 
eration, to exemplify for us the fine spirit 
of consecrated American womanhood! 

Come back to us with all the enthusiasm 
born of boundless opportunity and duties 
well performed; tell us all about it at the 
1920 Biennial, to which each of you is cordi- 
ally invited! In the meantime we will Keep 
the Club Fires Burning. 

With a blessing and a prayer for your 
guidance and safe keeping, 
Affectionately, 
MRS. JOSIAH EVANS COWLES, 

President. 



FEBRUARY, 1919 



11 



WAR VICTORY COMMISSION 



We go to serve our bo}'S in France 
And we'll do our best for all the Yanks; 
We'll give them food and amusement, too. 
And that's about all we girls can do. 

"Patience. Perseverance and again Perse- 
verance." was the axiom of one of our boys 
at the front, who pursued the cheery can- 
teen girl when hungry for a little sympathy 
and yearning to talk of home. He told her 
he kept these three letters always in mind 
and made them the pivot of his principles 
in life. He told her the history of his child- 
hood, his school days, his checkered court- 
ship which was brought to a climax when 
overseas orders were received. The little 
sweetheart held aloof and great patience, 
perseverance and again perseverance were 
over and over brought to bear with such a 
degree of insistence that — well, from his in- 
side pocket out came the precious picture 
of the little wife in her wedding gown. Dur- 
ing the lengthy recital of these details the 
canteen worker had dispensed gallons of 
coffee and cheered numberless other boys, 
cheering being as much her work as pour- 
ing coffee, but alwaj'S the persevering one 
waited and continued his tale whenever she 
paused. 

Patience, perseverance and again perse- 
verance has been the record of the War 
Victory Commission. Because the armies 
of Europe conceded that the war had de- 
veloped the necessity of furnishing every 
soldier periodically with change and rest. 



that he might be kept in best possible con- 
dition for work, the G. F. with the ap- 
proval and sanction of the War Depart- 
ment, created the War Victory Commission 
for the purpose of establishing furlough 
homes for our troops in France. So great 
became the enthusiasm of our clubwomen 
for this appealing war work, they voted two 
million dollars at the Biennial, for carry- 
ing it on. The response was spontaneous 
and the members of the War Victory Com- 
mission were diligently collecting the dol- 
lars which grew quickly into thousands 
when military movements completely up- 
set this program of service and it became 
necessary to reframe and remodel all plans. 
General Pershing was obliged to limit any 
new organizations coming over and it be- 
came apparent that furlough homes should 
be under governmental control, and "Leave 
Areas" established where any emergency 
call would find the troops available on short 
notice. The outlook was disconcerting for 
our loved project of mothering and caring 
for our dear boys over there, but patience, 
perseverance and again perseverance pre- 
vailed. After weeks of effort on the part 
of the War Victory Commission, after con- 
ferences and again conferences with the au- 
thorities in Washington and New York, the 
happy solution was reached, whereby the 
G. F. should co-ordinate with the Y. M. C. 
A. and send over a unit of our clubwomen 
who would provide the soldiers with the so- 
cial life and diversions which they would 




Two 

Things to 
Remember: 

'^binson's IS 

A High Class Store 

%obtnson's IS NOT 
A High Priced Store 



% WB. ^aobingon Co. 

SEVENTH AND GRAND 



12 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



have if taking a vacation at home and the 
men would live as guests under as com- 
plete freedom as army regulation permit- 
ted. The ruling of Gen. Pershing that all 
recreation work be handled by organiza- 
tions already established for service over- 
seas, necessitated our working under the 
agency of the Y. M. C. A., which saved us 
the overwhelming labor and responsibility 
of securing and furnishing the houses. We 
retain our individuality, as indicated by the 
band worn on the sleeve of the uniform 
bearing the initials "G. F. W. C. Unit," and 
by our having charge of two leave areas in 
each of which are placed fifty clubwomen. 
We are financing two workers from every 
State, beside our special matrons, so from 
our ninety-six workers, every man will find 
some clubwomen from whatever part of the 
country he calls home. Savore was decided 
upon as the first leave area because it is 
noted as one of the most famous recrea- 
tion places in the world. Aix-les Bains, 
Chambrey and Challes-les-Saux have ex- 
ceptional hotel accommodations which have 
been secured for the American soldiers. 
The districts in the French Alps have ad- 
vantages of mountain scenery and pro- 
visions for bathing and water sports in the 
lakes. Our G. F. Unit goes to these parts 
and thus our vision is attained, our work 
unhampered and our activities directed 
toward the desired purpose. The two rep- 
resentatives from California are Miss Ter- 
esa Coggswell and Miss Helen Wisler, both 
of whom possess poise, personality and ex- 
perience of camp work, with unquestioned 
ability. In wishing them Godspeed and 
success in their endeavor to inspire the 
men to a wholesome outlook and temper 
against the monotony of awaiting demobili- 
zation and days void of the thrill of action 
and conquest, we quote from the letter of 
the President to her federated daughters 
on the eve of sailing. Mrs. Cowles says 
in part: 

DEPARTMENT OF 
POLITICAL 

It has been said many times that the 
greatest gift of womankind to humanity is 
that of Ideals; that women are the builders 
and moulders of a nation's ideals because 
of the part they play in the impressionable 
years of child life, and a nation becomes 
great, powerful and humanitarian in pro- 
portion as its mothers are intelligent, true 
and pure minded. 

From this perspective it is indeed diffi- 
cult to comprehend the influence women 
have held indirectly in American legisla- 
tion, even before they had the ballot or 
represented the populace at the legislature 
in the final enactment of law. 

Many of us do not realize that there is 
what is called a social mind or public 
opinion about every subject of moment, 
which consists of as many private, individ- 
ual opinions as there are people who con- 
sider the given subject and that this social 



While we keep the club fires burning, the 
overseas unit continues to carry on, with an 
enthusiasm equal to the period during ac- 
tual conflict. After the armistice was signed, 
General Pershing cabled for five hundred 
additional workers and our unit forms a 
hundred of that number. 

"They need you now," said a far-sighted 
experienced man, in one of the recent con- 
ferences. The boys hold a triple vision, 
"God, Country, Margaret." A girl just be- 
ing there is of incalculable good because she 
stands for Margaret." During the week of 
conference for these overseas workers in 
N. Y., I found a ready re-adjustment to 
new international conditions. In their com- 
munity singing they quickly paraphrased 
the camp songs. One of the favorites was: 
"Carry on, carry on, so the boys will be 

happy and gay. 
For the girls are coming, the girls are com- 
ing. 
The girls from home are on the way. 
Carry on, carry on, so the boys will be 

cheerful and glad, 
For the girls are coming, the girls are com- 
ing. 
So the boys far from home won't be sad. 
Carry on, carry on, 'tis now we are needed 

over there, 
For the boys are waiting, the boys are 

waiting. 
The boys who have done their share." 

All that has been donated by the club- 
women of the land through the War Vic- 
tory Commission is fulfilling the purpose 
they had at heart and probably this period 
of reaching the boys is of even greater im- 
portance than six months ago. The zero 
hour for the soldier is when he is lonely. 
Days of waiting are days of character 
strain. May the girls maintain the balance. 

LILY L. G. HUBERT, 
State Chairman, War Victory Commission, 
G. W. F. C. 

LEGISLATION AND 
SCIENCE 

consciousness plays an important part in 
legislation. That as tlie public interest 
grows in a topic and more and more people 
express their views and become more pos- 
itive and convinced in their different atti- 
tudes these individual opinions gradually 
divide themselves off into larger groups or 
currents of thought and in the conclusion 
end up in siding with one of two great 
factions or viewpoints of thought opinion 
which constitute the public consciousness 
or social mind about that subject. 

Now if the subject or idea has grown 
naturally in the social mind and has really 
reached its conclusion we will find one side 
taking a positive stand, teaching that a cer- 
tain thing should be done or inaugurated 
in a certain manner in order to attain a 
certain result which would be beneficial to 
society. The other side will be found in- 
sisting the result should not be achieved 



FEBRUARY, 1919 



13 



{or the benefit of society, or, if so, in a. 
totally different manner. 

Ultimately the positive side convinces 
enough people that their theory is right to 
enable them to be strong enough to put 
the question before the entire citizenship 
for their decision as to whether or not the 
theor}' shall be adopted as a universal com- 
pulsory custom or law for the regulation 
of society. If the majority, either voting 
directly, as individually by the referendum 
or indirectly, as through their legislators, 
decide in favor of the positive element in- 
troducing the measure, it becomes a law, 
but if they do not, it is lost. 

Sometimes the subject matter up for pub- 
lic discussion is so elemental or radical in 
its proposed changes that it takes a long 
time for the opinion current to win enough 
adherents to its side to enact it into law 
and has to be proposed to the people again 
and again before it is finally adopted. An 
instance of this is the development of the 
idea of equal property rights between hus- 
band and wife here in California. It has 
been up-hill work, but j'ear by year more 
and more people are coming to accept the 
idea as the fairer and juster way and fin- 
ally this opinion current will express the 
will of the majority and the legislature 
will enact the principles of this public 
thought into law. 

Other instances of public opinion growth 
are those of prohibition, child labor, woman 
sufifrage, eight-hour day and women on 
juries, and kindred movements, and during 
the last five years the entire world has 
witnessed a clear example of the growth, 
development and final conclusion of a false 
political idea operating in the form of 
thought or opinion current in the social 
mind of the world. A group of selfish, am- 
bitious men in Germany deliberately pro- 
mulgated, taught and forced upon their im- 
mediate community an unnatural, false, 
tyrannical system or ideal of government, 
which protected by a Bureau of Phychology, 
spread its ramifications over, and its doc- 
trine was felt to some degree, perhaps, in 
every hamlet of the globe. But for cen- 
turies humanity had been slowly bringing 
itself to believe that a democratic form of 
government was the more humane, just and 
right, and that the most natural thought or 
attitude of society towards itself was that 
of peace and brotherhood, mutual confi- 
dence and fair play, and when a thought 
opinion current arose and drew strength 
unto itself through false, deceptive teach- 
ing, heralding in a doctrine of privilege to 
the few, militarism, frightfulness, the right 
of might and of autocracy, the entire polit- 
ical world or social mind soon divided 
itself into two great thought currents of 
opinion and a terrific argument arose as to 
which should dominate the world thought, 
the democratic or autocratic idea. 

Every bit of legislation, every step of hu- 
man progress, every law of our country, 
every custom or public habit of thought 
has been evolved in just this manner 



HATS 



THAT WEAR 

FLOWERS 
DIFFERENTLY 

—FOR SPRING 
HATS OF BEAUTY 
HAVE BEEN WONT 
TO WEAR FLOW- 
ERS BEAUTIFULLY. 

—AND IT IS NOT 
THE FACT THAT 
THESE NEW HATS 
ARE WEARING 
FLOWERS. IT IS THE 
WAY THEY ARE 
WEARING THEM 
AND THE KIND OF 
FLOWERS THEY 
ARE— 

—AS WELL AS THE 
KIND OF HATS 
THEY ARE THAT 
MAKES THEM 
THIS TOPIC OF AB- 
SORBING INTEREST 

—BIG OR LITTLE 
AND LOVELY. 

Third Floor 



LasAimgiMism 



12 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



have if taking a vacation at home and the 
men would live as guests under as com- 
plete freedom as army regulation permit- 
ted. The ruling of Gen. Pershing that all 
recreation work be handled by organiza- 
tions already' established for service over- 
seas, necessitated our working under the 
agency of the Y. M. C. A., which saved us 
the overwhelming labor and responsibility 
of securing and furnishing the houses. We 
retain our individuality, as indicated by the 
band worn on the sleeve of the uniform 
bearing the initials "G. F. W. C. Unit," and 
by our having charge of two leave areas in 
each of which are placed fifty clubwomen. 
We are financing two workers from every 
State, beside our special matrons, so from 
our ninety-six workers, every man will find 
some clubwomen from whatever part of the 
country he calls home. Savore was decided 
upon as the first leave area because it is 
noted as one of the most famous recrea- 
tion places in the world. Aix-les Bains, 
Chambrey and Challes-Ies-Saux have ex- 
ceptional hotel accommodations which have 
been secured for the American soldiers. 
The districts in the French Alps have ad- 
vantages of mountain scenery and pro- 
visions for bathing and water sports in the 
lakes. Our G. F. Unit goes to these parts 
and thus our vision is attained, our work 
unhampered and our activities directed 
toward the desired purpose. The two rep- 
resentatives from California are Miss Ter- 
esa Coggswell and Miss Helen Wisler, both 
of whom possess poise, personality and ex- 
perience of camp work, with unquestioned 
ability. In wishing them Godspeed and 
success in their endeavor to inspire the 
men to a wholesome outlook and temper 
against the monotony of awaiting demobili- 
zation and da}'s void of the thrill of action 
and conquest, we quote from the letter of 
the President to her federated daughters 
on the eve of sailing. Mrs. Cowles says 
in part: 

DEPARTMENT OF 
POLITICAL 

It has been said many times that the 
greatest gift of womankind to humanity is 
that of Ideals; that women are the builders 
and moulders of a nation's ideals because 
of the part they play in the impressionable 
years of child life, and a nation becomes 
great, powerful and humanitarian in pro- 
portion as its mothers are intelligent, true 
and pure minded. 

From this perspective it is indeed diffi- 
cult to comprehend the influence women 
have held indirectly in American legisla- 
tion, even before they had the ballot or 
represented the populace at the legislature 
in the final enactment of law. 

Many of us do not realize that there is 
what is called a social mind or public 
opinion about every subject of moment, 
which consists of as many private, individ- 
ual opinions as there are people who con- 
sider the_ given subject and that this social 



While we keep the club fires burning, the 
overseas unit continues to carry on, with an 
enthusiasm equal to the period during ac- 
tual conflict. After the armistice was signed, 
General Pershing cabled for five hundred 
additional workers and our unit forms a 
hundred of that number. 

"They need you now," said a far-sighted 
experienced man, in one of the recent con- 
ferences. The boys hold a triple vision, 
"God, Country, Margaret." A girl just be- 
ing there is of incalculable good because she 
stands for Margaret." During the week of 
conference for these overseas workers in 
N. Y., I found a ready re-adjustment to 
new international conditions. In their com- 
munity singing they quickly paraphrased 
the camp songs. One of the favorites was: 
"Carry on, carry on, so the boys will be 

happy and gay, 
For the girls are coming, the girls are com- 
ing, 
The girls from home are on the way. 
Carry on, carry on, so the boys will be 

cheerful and glad. 
For the girls are coming, the girls are com- 
ing. 
So the boys far from home won't be sad. 
Carry on, carry on, 'tis now we are needed 

over there. 
For the boys are waiting, the boj^s are 

waiting, 
The boys who have done their share." 

All that has been donated by the club- 
women of the land through the War Vic- 
tory Commission is fulfilling the purpose 
they had at heart and probably this period 
of reaching the boys is of even greater im- 
portance than six months ago. The zero 
hour for the soldier is when he is lonely. 
Days of waiting are days of character 
strain. May the girls maintain the balance. 

LILY L. G. HUBERT, 
State Chairman, War Victory Commission, 
G. W. F. C. 

LEGISLATION AND 
SCIENCE 

consciovisness plays an important part in 
legislation. That as the public interest 
grows in a topic and more and more people 
express their views and become more pos- 
itive and convinced in their different atti- 
tudes these individual opinions gradually 
divide themselves oflf into larger groups or 
currents of thought and in the conclusion 
end up in siding with one of two great 
factions or viewpoints of thought opinion 
which constitute the public consciousness 
or social mind about that subject. 

Now if the subject or idea has grown 
naturally in the social mind and has really 
reached its conclusion we will find one side 
taking a positive stand, teaching that a cer- 
tain thing should be done or inaugurated 
in a certain manner in order to attain a 
certain result which would be beneficial to 
society. The other side will be found in- 
sisting the result should not be achieved 



FEBRUARY, 1919 



13 



for the benefit of society, or, if so, in a 
totally different manner. 

Ultimately the positive side convinces 
enough people that their tlieory is right to 
enable them to be strong enough to put 
the question before the entire citizenship 
for their decision as to whether or not the 
theory shall be adopted as a universal com- 
pulsory custom or law for the regulation 
of society. If the majority, either voting 
directly, as individually by the referendum 
or indirectly, as through their legislators, 
decide in favor of the positive element in- 
troducing the measure, it becomes a law, 
but if they do not, it is lost. 

Sometimes the subject matter up for pub- 
lic discussion is so elemental or radical in 
its proposed changes that it takes a long 
time for the opinion current to win enough 
adherents to its side to enact it into law 
and has to be proposed to the people again 
and again before it is finally adopted. An 
instance of this is the development of the 
idea of equal property rights between hus- 
band and wife here in California. It has 
been up-hill work, but j'ear by year more 
and more people are coming to accept the 
idea as the fairer and juster way and fin- 
ally this opinion current will express the 
will of the majority and the legislature 
will enact the principles of this public 
thought into law. 

Other instances of public opinion growth 
are those of prohibition, child labor, woman 
suffrage, eight-hour day and women on 
juries, and kindred movements, and during 
the last five years the entire world has 
witnessed a clear example of the growth, 
development and final conclusion of a false 
political idea operating in the form of 
thought or opinion current in the social 
mind of the world. A group of selfish, am- 
bitious men in Germany deliberately pro- 
mulgated, taught and forced upon their im- 
mediate community an unnatural, false, 
tyrannical system or ideal of government, 
which protected by a Bureau of Phychology, 
spread its ramifications over, and its doc- 
trine was felt to some degree, perhaps, in 
every hamlet of the globe. But for cen- 
turies humanity had been slowly bringing 
itself to believe that a democratic form of 
government was the more humane, just and 
right, and that the most natural thought or 
attitude of society towards itself was that 
of peace and brotherhood, mutual confi- 
dence and fair play, and when a thought 
opinion current arose and drew strength 
unto itself through false, deceptive teach- 
ing, heralding in a doctrine of privilege to 
the few, militarism, frightfulness, the right 
of might and of autocracy, the entire polit- 
ical world or social mind soon divided 
itself into two great thought currents of 
opinion and a terrific argument arose as to 
which should dominate the world thought, 
the democratic or autocratic idea. 

Every bit of legislation, every step of hu- 
man progress, every law of our country, 
every custom or public habit of thought 
has been evolved in just this manner 



HATS 



THAT WEAR 

FLOWERS 
DIFFERENTLY 

—FOR SPRING 
HATS OF BEAUTY 
HAVE BEEN WONT 
TO WEAR FLOW- 
ERS BEAUTIFULLY. 

—AND IT IS NOT 
THE FACT THAT 
THESE NEW HATS 
ARE WEARING 
FLOWERS, IT IS THE 
WAY THEY ARE 
WEARING THEM 
AND THE KIND OF 
FLOWERS THEY 
ARE— 

—AS WELL AS THE 
KIND OF HATS 
THEY ARE THAT 
MAKES THEM 
THIS TOPIC OF AB- 
SORBING INTEREST 

—BIG OR LITTLE 
AND LOVELY. 

Third Floor 



14 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



through a growing current of public opin- 
ion. Someone, through an exalted ideal 
above that of their fellow men caught a 
vision of a better way for society to regu- 
late its conduct, — a more perfect way of 
conforming its man-made chart into align- 
ment with and supplementary to natural 
or archtypal law, the fundamental law of 
existence. They spoke this idea and by 
degrees it grew in favor in public opinion. 
Sometimes at first it was laughed at, 
scorned and ridiculed, and history even re- 
cords persecutions of early adherents of 
ideas that society later adopted as funda- 
mental, but in the degree that the idea was 
practical and carried truth and conviction, 
it lived and grew, even though it had to 
be cloaked in various forms to suit its pres- 
ent needs. The more naturally and nor- 
mally it developed the more substantial and 
useful it became to humanity after its adop- 
tion. So in the political growth of a coun- 
try, laws that are evolved as the result of 
a sudden spurt of feeling, under pressure 
of mob spirit or emotional urge, or that 
are "pushed through" the legislature by 
personal influence and for the benefit of 
selfish interests and not as the result of 
natural growth through a steadily mount- 
ing public opinion, soon become obsolete, 
are unenforced and lie dead on our statute 
books because they are soon impractical 
and retrogressive in effect, lacking the spirit 
and energy of the public thought and ne- 
cessity back of them. 

It is apparent the more altruistic, intelli- 



gent and high-principled the nature of the 
opinion current is in the beginning, just 
that much more far-reaching, beneficial and 
fundamental will its effect be in its con- 
clusion when it is finally crystallized into 
law, and if we are to have laws represent- 
ative of a peace-loving, honorable, intelli- 
gent people, we must teach ourselves to 
become capable of creating and evolving 
constructive and high-principled political 
ideals. This is why President Wilson has 
asked the American people to especially 
study civics, government and political sci- 
ence and economy. And if the clubwomen 
of the state are to have a part in the mak- 
ing of sane, safe, constructive legislation, 
they must begin at the very foundation of 
things and cultivate and give intelligent 
opinions regarding political matters in their 
immediate communities, — they must have a 
knowledge of social construction enabling 
them to distinguish between the false and 
true, the destructive and constructive ideas 
that are presented before them, to cast out 
that which is bad and hold fast to that 
which is good. 

The proper study of Political Science in 
clubs should give the members a funda- 
mental grasp of how society governs itself, 
an understanding of its organizations and 
institutions, to see it as a principle, method 
or system, the applicaiton of which to the 
affairs of society results in a government. 

If just one person lived on the earth 
there would be no o.ccasion to consider 
political sicence, but the instant another 




01t« dLnlifntnict ^eitexcAixtxt ai '9-axmn's (Uluiis sttiiuirsEs 
the tttercltjtttts hiltiise Jiitbcrtisetttcttts appectr itt iite 
Clubtocittatt—it is xixix itelieE aJter initestigatimt iltai eaclt 
xentessnts tite best itt Itis resp^rtitoe line. ^ „ „ 

We especiallg ttsit ihat tlub ntetttbeirs be logjrl tn (Lbe 
(Slttbki0tnc«T>'''ttta:ke a :piiittt nE iraiting toitit cur aitiiertisErs. 

Cite jnerrhant a:|i|tt:et:iEtes goui: lmsi«ess, anit ^cttir nx^itpera-' 
timt jit iHs toill make a |ifttoer£»l ittagasiite possible. 



FEBRUARY, 1919 



15 



arrived the question of rights, privileges, 
relations and duties arises and the more 
people there are and the more diverse their 
interests, occupations and conditions the 
more complex does the governing question 
become. And as society iinds itself divided 
into groups as climatic, geographical, racial 
or commercial environments arise, the 
rights, privileges, relations and duties of 
each group to the other and to the individ- 
uals therein need to be clearly defined and 
stated of record so that the principles laid 
down may become permanently established 
among the customs of society. 

I do not believe that clubwomen in the 
past have fully realized just how human 
and elemental matters of government, po- 
litical science and legislation are,- -just how 
closely they are bound to the every-daj' 
existence of each individual and business 
transaction even to the buying of a pack- 
age of pins or the privilege of living in a 
home unmolested and without fear of the 
inhabitants of an adjoining district. Wo- 
man is ever interested in public welfare, — 
the human equation, and has ever been 
ready to devote herself wherever it touched 
even to the giving up of her personal lib- 
erty, and civilization has much to thank 
her for her Ijestowal of special care and 
training on the youth of society during 
their helpless and impressionable years, as 
through this sacrifice of her personal lib- 
erty each succeeding generation has been 
able to advance a little more than the pre- 
ceding one and evolve a more comprclien- 
sive, a little more perfect ideal or principle 
of the management of their common af- 
fairs. The mother of civilization taught 
ideals of justice, libert3% truth and fair play 
to her young, which, growing, overcame the 
wilderness of ignorance, defeat and super- 
stition and culminates today in organized 
society, appreciation of individual rights, 
equal protection and opportunity to jus- 
tice and liberty, — a world wide system of 
commerce and fellowship. It is obvious 
that the study of those social activities that 
go to make up this organized condition of 
afifairs so concomitant with civilization is 
not so foreign and unelemental to woman- 
kind as would at first seem, but is the direct 
result of her exercise of the most womanly 
and feminine of attributes of what has al- 
ways been known as "woman's sphere." 
And are the women of today going to de- 
sert their high privilege of womanhood, can 
we do less than uphold and maintain the 
high standard of social ideal the mother- 
hood of the past paid so dearly for? 

It is high time the clubwomen of the 
state came to their senses regarding their 
attitude towards political science and legis- 
lation as a club activity and worked for a 
woman's whole duty as a citizen really is. 
They should be able to see in the fact of 
the raising, equipping and training of an 
army of their sons to such a plane of ef- 
ficiency as could break a yoke of despotism 



fast crushing and destroying a nation, that 
it is a matter of intensely human interest 
for the laws of the nation to be such 
as to protect and equip these soldiers in 
the best possible manner, and that the of- 
ficials elected to carry out the wishes of the 
people in the raising and expending of 
the funds be capable, honest men. And 
that the officials who collect and adjust our 
taxes, who handle the funds by which our 
children's education is purchased are intel- 
ligent and efficient. Is it vital for them 
to know whether the judge who interprets 
our laws, divorces our neighbors and set- 
tles the custody of their children is un- 
biased, capable and just in his reasoning 
and decisions; that society buys and pays 
for a system of news publication and dis- 
tribution that it cannot believe — pays for 
the truth, receives lies, slander and vapor- 
ings of "free press"? 

Are the women awake to the fact that 
society has two great co-operative groups 
of people whose purposes are clearly de- 
fined and established in every county and 
village of the state. That we have the men 
co-operating together through their Cham- 




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await an invitation, but is omnipotent 
the whole day long? 

Can you not fancifully picture your 
porch, glass-enclosed, with warm rays 
of California sunshine streaming in 
between hangings of dainty cretonne 
and playing on furnishings of lithe, 
graceful "Quality-Reed" ? 

The distinctive charm of Barker 
Bros.' "Quality -Reed" Furniture "fills 
the place with joyfulness more elo- 
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16 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



bers of Commerce, labor unions, producers' 
leagues and trade organizations for the 
purpose of competing commercially, and 
then the women co-operating together in 
educational and semi-social organizations 
for the beneiit of public welfare (for what 
else does the California Federation of Wo- 
men's Clubs, the W. C. T. U., the Mothers' 
Congress, Parent-Teachers' Associations, 
Legislative Council and Red Cross organi- 
zations stand) and that these two great 
human organizations have hitherto looked 
with suspicion and oft times with contempt 
upon the aims and well meant activities of 
the other, and no organized attempt been 
made to even consider a meeting place or 
combination of forces. Now to pull to- 
gether toward any goal, a better acquaint- 
ance, one organization with the purposes, 
problems and possibilities of the other, is 
absolutely imperative, and a meeting place 
through the common understanding and 
practice of the knowledge of government, 
political science and legislation can be found 
for these two great human activities that 
will batter down many of the barriers that 
have impeded hmuman progress for cen- 
turies. 

And it is vital that a better understand- 
ing be reached for motherhood has been 
anxiously looking for a remed}^ of that con- 
dition of affairs outside the home influence 
that has been causing her young son or 
daughter, taught and grounded with so 
much care and sacrifice in those principles 
of human conduct indigenous to every fam^ 
ily or home life wherein a woman governs 
to come reeling back to her shelter crushed, 
distraught or disgraced after a short con- 
tact with the outside world. Because of 
this great contrast between the public, mas- 
culine sense of morality, social economy, 
business and ethics and that of the woman's 
standard as expressed in home management 
before humanity could be truly successful 
it has had to learn two standards of social 
conduct based on widely different theories 
and the human waste has been tremendous. 
And every mother knows that the rebellion 
on the part of young manhood and woman- 
hood because of this needless adjustment 
and difficult adaption has always been one 
of the geratest causes of social unrest, 
crime, failure, poverty and ignorance the 
world has had to contend with. 



Woman has thrown open the door of her 
influence wide that the light by which her 
offspring have grown so wonderfully true 
and brave might pierce the outside gloom 
and help them find a way to happiness, 
peace and success, only to see it eclipsed 
by a glow that distorted the path, blinded 
their eyes and made evil to appear good 
and pitfalls safe places to their vision, and 
she has promised that whatever the cost 
this condition of life must be abated, and 
has sworn to make happiness, peace and 
success not so unattainable through a bet- 
ter and larger understanding of human- 
social conditions and the causes, regula- 
tions and necessities governing them. 

The organized women should lead in 
this work, and that the legislation they will 
evolve should be truly humanitarian, ex- 
pressive of democratic ideals and a solid 
step of progress for the coming genera- 
tions, the preceding thought current or 
opinion should represent the intelligent, 
earnest consideration of every member of 
the co-operative groups in the state and if 
possible, every citizen. And there is no 
excuse for a club belonging to the Federa- 
tion not having a voice in their country's 
legislation and not having an intelligent 
interest in its political development when 
all they have to do is take up and use the 
opportunities of the Federation organiza- 
tion 

Now a great number of clubwomen have 
been interested in legislation in the past 
in this state and they have left the impress 
of that activity of record among the laws 
of their land. And because they evolved 
them naturally and intelligently they will 
remain clearly defined steps of human prog- 
ress for coming generations to follow. It 
is a privilege of which any woman may be 
thankful, that of having given her very 
best judgment and wisdom in the formation 
of the public opinion that called forth and 
showed the necessity of definitely stated 
rules or laws regarding social conduct, and 
the clubwomen of California can feel as- 
sured that they are making true human 
history when they lend every support to 
the enactment of the three measures of the 
Woman's Legislative Council now before 
the legislature. 

CAROLINE KELLOGG, 
Chairman of Political Sicence and Legis- 
lation. 



MORE MONEY FOR THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS 



Two bills appropriating a larger amount 
of revenue to the elementary schools of 
the state have been introduced in the Igeis- 
lature. One is the state bill calling for 
$17.50 per unit of average daily attendance, 
an increase of $2.50 per unit; the other is 
a companion measure asking for approxi- 
mately an equal increase from the county, 
although the terms of the latter bill are 
based upon a different unit, namely, $600 
per statutory teacher or $20 per unit of at- 
tendance. 

It is necessary to support this second 



bill along with the first, as State Superin- 
tendent Wood has pointed out, otherwise, 
according to the terms of the present law 
relating to counties, the county could 
merely diminish its apportionment in pro- 
portion to the increase in the state ap- 
portionment, and nothing would be gained. 
The increase of $2.50 in state money is 
smaller than the school people had hoped 
it would be possible to obtain, but it seemed 
better to rest content with $17.50 this year, 
with the definite intention of asking for an 
increase to $20 two years hence, as $20 is 



FEBRUARY, 1919 



17 



the amount that everyone who knows the 
needs of the elementary schools considers 
the state's fair share toward their support. 
The clubwomen of the state have shown 
an intelligent interest in the plight of the 
elementary schools in poor communities 
and have put the weight of their great in- 
fluence behind these bills. They realize that 
the case is urgent, that the welfare of de- 
mocracy itself is involved. It is not pos- 
sible within the limits of this brief state- 
ment to give many facts in the case, but a 
few illustrations of the present lack of the 
most elementary educational opportunities 
in hundreds of districts in California that 
are too poor to raise a special tax, would 
create astonishment and dismay in almost 
any one not acquainted with the facts. 



There are many districts wliere the present 
minimum apportionment of $550 must pay 
all the expenses of the district, including 
the teacher's salary for the year! The only 
hope for such districts lies in these bills. 

During the legislative recess every as- 
semblyman and senator should be ap- 
proached by clubwomen and business men 
of his own community with reference to 
these bills. There is but three weeks for 
this to be done. The teachers' organizations 
are doing all they can, but the argument is 
much more forceful when presented by per- 
sons not employed in the schools as well. 
Will every club please put its committee 
on education to work upon this most vital 
matter immediately? 

WILHELMIXA VANDE GOORBERG, 
L. A. District Chairman of Education. 



AN INDUSTRIAL FARM FOR WOMEN 



The proper treatment of the delinquent 
woman and girl is a problem that is oc- 
cupying no small share of the attention 
of the enlightened men and women who 
are beginning to realize how much the fu- 
ture welfare of our nation depends upon 
the proper solution of this problem. 

The medical examination of our young 
men in the military draft and of women ar- 
rested for vagrancy has revealed conditions 
to which we can no longer close our eyes, 
and as the men have been treated and 
taught the terrible consequences, so must 
the women also be treated and taught. 

As our 3-oung men are returning from 
the camps and the restrictions and control 
of army and navy authorities are removed, 
we will do well to remove from their path 
as many snares as possible and the delin- 
quent girl and woman is their greatest 
menace. The present method of arrest fol- 
lowed by a fine and suspended sentence 
or a few weeks or months in one of our 
wretched city or county jails, turns the 
women back into the streets no whit better 
morally but in deed forced to ply her trade 
the harder in order to pay her fine. Most 
of these w-omen have never had a fair 
chance in life for eduaction, training or a 
decent home have been denied them, and 
many are mentallj- deficient as well. 

Poverty and broken homes, weaknesses 
inherited from drunken and vicious parents 
have been their lot from childhood. They 



are the victims of environment and he- 
redity, and society owes them whatever 
reparation is possible in the way of med- 
ical care, healthful surroundings, scientific 
education, both vocational and academic, to 
train them, if possible, to lead self-respect- 
ing, self-supporting lives. There are sev- 
eral hundred such women in this state, and 
society should be protected by having them 
restrained, and they in turn should be pro- 
tected from society and from themselves. 
Several states have industrial farms that 
are more or less succes.sfuUy coping with 
this problem and we women of California 
through the Woman's Legislative Council 
and with the cordial support of the State 
Board of Health, the National and State 
Military Welfare Commission and all Law 
Enforcement Leagues, are presenting to 
the present legislature a bill for the estab- 
lishment of a State Industrial Farm for ■ 
Women, the text of which was printed in 
the January Clubwoman. 

The intention is to give the best pos- 
sible care and training to these unfortu- 
nate women, hoping to rehabilitate many 
and to restore them eventually to freedom 
as self-respecting members of society, able 
to earn an honest and respectable living. 

Letters to the legislature urging the es- 
tablishment of this farm will do much to- 
wards securing it, and we bespeak your in- 
dividual interest and co-operation. 

MRS. CHESTER C. ASHLEY. 



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18 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



ON THE MEASURE FOR ELEMEN- 
TARY SCHOOL APPROPRIATION 

Ida M. Blockman, President of the Berkeley 
Center of the California Civic League 

I have been asked to express my opinion 
of the bill endorsed by the Women's Legis- 
lative Council providing more money for 
the elementary schools. 

It is a deplorable fact that a very small 
proportion of the children of the state ever 
go beyond the first eight years of school 
life. At present the state is furnishing, all 
told, only $120.00 towards the education of 
each child for this whole period. The Leg- 
islative Council bill asks that the State 
apportionment be raised from $15 ta $17.50 
per school year for each child. This would 
make $140 for the whole elementary educa- 
tional period. Even this seems to me to be 
a pitifully small amount when we consider 
that it will be the State's whole contribution 
towards educating a great majority of its 
future citizens, towards educating those per- 
haps, who are to be its financiers and law- 
makers, those who during the succeeding 
generation are to determine its policies 
either wisely or foolishly. 

There is a shortage of school funds all 
over the State, where good teachers and 
an up-to-date plant are provided. The 
poorer counties and the small covmtry 
schools are particularly unfortunate. They 
cannot get efficient teachers because they 
cannot afford them and their buildings and 
other equipment are totally inadequate. On 
this account many, many rural schools 
throughout the State are extremely and 
lamentably primitive. 

I am afraid that this additional $2.50 a 
pupil will not yet be enough, but it will 
help appreciably. Let us, therefore, get 
behind this bill and push with every ounce 
of strength there is in us. 



THE THREE MEASURES OF THE 

WOMEN'S LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL 

OF CALIFORNIA 

Mrs. Clement H. Miller. Chairman of 

Legislation, Alameda District 

..It is recorded by Soloman that "To do 

justice and judgment is more acceptable to 



the Lord than sacrifice," and that "Every 
purpose is established by counsel." 

That which was practicable under the 
old Hebraic regime may well be applied to 
the present day situation in regard to the 
status of the women of California toward 
the three initiative measures created and 
supported by the Women's Legislative 
Council, and which have been presented to 
the club women of the State for consider- 
ation, namely, Equal Property Rights, In- 
creased Appropriation for Schools and the 
Rehabilitation Measure. 

While the text of these measures is not 
}'et available for critical analysis, the idea 
of the application of concentric energy and 
concerted endorsement is one that appeals 
to the judicial mind as the logical and 
proper way to accomplish what the Legis- 
lative Council set out to do. 

The first measure named is the matter of 
equity; the second a necessity, and the 
third an experiment, which is perhaps de- 
batable from various viewpoints, but all the 
more important for that very reason, the 
treatment of which it would be well to 
watch carefully lest the addition of unde- 
sirable amendments may render it ineffec- 
tive. 

While there may exist a difference of 
opinion in regard to the propriety and ex- 
pediency of these measures, it may be as- 
sumed that California club women are 
beneficent enough to put personal opinion 
aside and to give their undivided and con- 
certed support to these measures, if for no 
other purpose than the moral effect it would 
have on the community. 

Many women are intensely partisan and 
not always amenable to what others of 
opposite convictions might ungraciously 
term "reason." It is suggested that now is 
the opportunity to put aside political dif- 
ferences for the benefit of the psycholog- 
ical training obtained therefrom by giving 
the right of way to the women who are 
behind this proposed legislation, and in 
exemplification of Solomon's proverb tha/ 
"In multitude of counselors there is safety.' 



URGE ESTABLISHMENT OF CHILD HYGIENE 

BUREAU 



The National Children's Year Program 
urges the establishment of a Child Hygiene 
Bureau in connection with State Boards of 
Health. To accomplish this purpose for 
California, the following Bill is before the 
Legislature of 1919: 

An Act to provide for the establishing and 
maintenance of a bureau of child hyeiene 
under the direction of the State Board of 
Health, prescribing its duties and powers 
and making an appropriation therefor. 

The People of the State of California do 
enact as follows: 

Section 1. The State Board of Health 
shall maintain a bureau of child hygiene 



which in addition to the duties and powers 
hereinafter prescribed shall have charge of 
such matters and shall have such powers as 
may, from time to time, be referred to and 
delegated to it by the State Board of 
Health. Said Board shall appoint a Di- 
rector of said bureau who shall be a duly 
licensed and practicing physician and whose 
salary shall be fixed by the State Board of 
Health. The State Board of Health may 
also employ and fix the compensation of 
other additional professional and clerical 
assistants and such compensation shall be 
paid from the funds provided for the main- 
tenance of the bureau of child hygiene. 
Section 2. This bureau shall have power 



FEBRUARY, 1919 



19 



under the direction and supervision of the 
State Board of Health to investigate con- 
ditions affecting the health of the children 
of this state and to disseminate educational 
information relating thereto. It shall be 
the duty of said bureau to advise all public 
officers, organizations and agencies inter- 
ested in the health and welfare of children 
within the State of California. 

Section 3. The sum of $20,000 is hereby 
appropriated out of any moneys in the State 
Treasury not otherwise appropriated to be 
expended over a period of two j'ears by the 
State Board of Health, in carrying out the 
provisions of this act. All claims against 
this appropriation shall be audited bv the 
State Board of Health. The State Control- 
ler is hereby directed to draw his warrants 
for such sums aggregating the amount of 
this appropriation and the State Treasurer 
is directed to paj' the samem 

This Bill was introduced into the Senate 
by Senator William J. Carr, of Pasadena, 
and into the Assembly by Mrs. Anna L. 
Saylor. of Berkeley. The Bill is the cul- 
mination of the work of the Children's 
Year Committee of the Women's Commit- 
tee of the Council of Defense. It starts 
A'ith the endorsement of the Women's Com- 
mittee of the Council of Defense, and also 
of the State Board of Health. 

At the meeting of the Executive Commit- 
tee of the State Council of Defense, held 
January 8th. 1919, the following declara- 
tion by resolutoin was introduced by Presi- 
dent Benjamin Ide Wheeler, of the Uni- 
versity of California, and seconded by Mrs. 
Herbert A. Cable: 

"The Executive Committee hopes that 
means will be provided for continuing 
through the State Board of Health, or 
otherwise, the work so earnestly and ef- 
fectifely done by the Women's Committee 
of the State Council under the Children's 
Year." 

The demand for such a Bureau is shown 
in the enthusiastic support of the Chil- 
dren's Year Program b\' the women of 
California. Such a Bureau will guide and 
standardize much work which is done by 
the volunteer organizations of to-day, more 
or less spasmodically. The permanent 
Children's Health Center and the supervi- 
sion of Public Health Nurses dealing with 
child problems, will be part of the work of 
the Bureau. Its work will be educational, 
in no way compulsory, but meets a need 
of the women of the State, as mothers and 
teachers, which to-day is met only by the 
lay press. The medical profession should 
set the standard and be the leader in edu- 
cation for health, and this Bureau requires 
medical leadership. 

DR. ADELAIDE BROWN, 



CHILD WELFARE 

In March. 1916, California held its first 
Baby Welfare Week. At this time Child 
Welfare was not considered of sufficient 
importance to entitle it to a separate de- 
partment in the California Federation of 



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20 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



Women's Clubs; it was simplj' a section 
under Industrial and Social Conditions, con- 
sidered along with Education and Labor. 

When, in 1916, our Club women asked our 
City Fathers for an appropriation to finance 
our first Baby Welfare Week, we were told 
that "it would be money thrown away"; 
that "we could not succeed in interesting 
a handful of people." However, we per- 
sisted and finally received five hundred dol- 
lars, although we were told at the time 
"that nothing would ever come of it." To- 
day, Child Welfare is considered one of the 
most important Departments of the Fed- 
eration, and Babjf Welfare Weeks are a 
yearly institution in almost every commun- 
ity in California. This is progress. 

During the National Children's Year, our 
Club women have been indefatigable in as- 
sisting the Women's Committee of the State 
Council of Defense in carrjang out the Na- 
tional Program, and as our Clubs reach into 
the farthermost corners of the State, our 
help has been indispenasble. 

During our three years' activity in Child 
Welfare work, we have felt strongly the 
need of a central office, whose business it 
would be to provide instruction for mothers, 
suggestions, plans, speakers, charts, exhib- 
its, etc., for all women's organizations re- 
quiring these aids, and to conduct educa- 
tional campaigns throughout the State, re- 
garding the physical defects of childhood, 
which may be corrected b3' intelligent care. 

No one realizes more full}' than your 
State Chairman the number and variety of 
requests that are received during the year, 
and that, although the spirit is willing, it 
is impossible for one busy woman satisfac- 
torily to attend to them all. 

To meet this urgent need, a Bill provid- 
ing for a Child Hygiene Bureau has been 
presented to the California Legislature. 

Let us, as a united body of women, whose 
primary interest is the welfare of the child, 
arise in our might and sponsor this Bill. 
Let us write to these two legislators, tell- 
ing them of our interest; let us also write 
to the legislators of our own particular 
community — the men and the women who 
represent us, and who are interested in our 
wishes — telling them that we want their 
help in making this Child Hygiene Bureau 
a permanent institution in California. 

Don't wait till to-morrow; do it to-day 
and our Child Welfare Department will 
have established a permanent monument as 
the result of our three years of labor. 

LOUISE B. DEAL, 
State Chairman of Child Welfare. 



chairman. The choice of Mrs. Hughes for 
this position was a most fitting one. The 
organized forces of the women of the state 
are behind the measure providing for more 
revenue for the elementary schools, but 
they ought also to familiarize themselves 
with, and use their influence in behalf of 
two other highly important school meas- 
ures. We refer to the child registration 
law and school attendance law. These 
measures are being earnestly supported by 
State Supt. Will C. Wood and the State 
Board of Education, and the club women 
of the state should cooperate in helping put 
them over. 



EDUCATIONAL BILLS IN CHARGE 
OF ASSEMBLYWOMAN 
The educational bills in the assembly will 
be handled with discrimination and ability 
by the committee on education, of which 
Assemblywoman Hughes has been made 



WOMEN TEACH FARMING 

War conditions resulted in attracting a 
large number of women to agriculture and 
the Women's Land Army has been an im- 
portant factor in California in meeting the 
patriotic demand for a larger production of 
food. Women more over are not only find- 
ing their place on the farm, but they are 
fitting themselves to teach agriculture in 
the high schools and are being accepted for 
that work. In order to train teachers for 
the schools which are availing themselves 
of the provisions erf the Smith-Hughes bill 
for the aid of vocational education, the 
State Board of Education, in conjunction 
with the State University, is maintaining 
classes at the Davis Farm School and will 
have a short course at the Citrus Experi- 
ment Station at Riverside the coming sum- 
mer. Women as well as men have enrolles 
in these classes and have been given posi- 
tions in the schools and elsewhere by rea- 
son of the increased efficiency they have 
attained by this work. All the teachers who 
take this training are required to have a 
farm project and the women have met this 
condition without hesitation. 

The following list of the women enrolled 
in these classes for teachers of agriculture 
and the positions filled by those who have 
completed their training will be found of in- 
terest. 

Total number of women enrolled to 
date, 22. 

Mrs. E. B. Lewis — Courses taken: Vege- 
table gardening, poultry, poultry raising 
Present location: Pomona. 

Aliss Mabel McClure — Courses taken: 
Vegetable gardening, poultr}', farm mechan- 
ics, animal husbandry, project in poultry, 
horticulture, farm crops. Present location: 
Managing own farm, Modesto. 

Mrs. M. McManus — Courses taken; Farm 
mechanics, animal husbandry, horticulture, 
viticulture, farm crops, teaching methods, 
farm management. Present location: As- 
sisting in school garden work, Sacramento. 

Mrs. Florence Morrin — Courses taken: 
Horticulture, viticulture, dairying, farm ap- 
plications of science, farm mathematics, 
farm management, teaching methods, vege- 
table gardening, methods in vocational edu- 
cation, poultry. Present location: Assist- 



FEBRUARY, 1919 



21 



ing husband in Smith-Hughes work, Rose- 
viUe. 

Aliss Alice McAlmond — Courses taken: 
Farm applications of science, farm mathe- 
matics, farm management, teaching meth- 
ods, vegetable gardening, poultry. Present 
location: Teaching science and agriculture. 
El Centro schools. 

Miss Ma^belle Metzger — Courses taken: 
Agricultural botany, methods, vegetable 
gardening. Present location: Teaching 
science and agriculture, El Paso, Texas. 

^liss ilabel Nelson — Courses taken: 
Methods of teaching, vegetable gardening 
(two weeks private instruction). Present 
location: Teaching agriculture in high 
school. Redding. 

Mrs. L. M. Paden — Courses taken: Vege- 
table gardening, poultry, farm mechanics, 
animal husbandry, horticulture, viticulture, 
farm crops, farm mathematics, tractor 
course, farm science, farm management, 
teaching methods, soils. Present location: 
Still attending at Davis, paj-ing expenses by 
operating cash register, working in library, 
and operating project of two-fifths acre 
cabbage. 

Miss K. Reed — Courses taken: Farm 
management, farm science. Present loca- 
tion: Teaching regular subjects and garden 
work in elementary schools, San Francisco. 

Miss Ruth Smead — Courses taken: Farm 
mechanics, animal husbandrj^ horticulture, 
viticulture, farm mathematics, farm manage- 
ment, teaching methods, farm crops, forg- 
ing. Present location: Teaching science 
and agriculture, and in charge of 20 acres 
of school farm, Brentwood. 

Mrs. F. A. Woodman — Courses taken: 
Vegetable gardening, farm mathematics, 
farm science, poultry. Present location: 
Taking work in Oakland, preparatory for 
summer school. 

^liss Catherine Wood — Courses taken: 
Farm science, farm mathematics, farm man- 
agement, agricultural botany, methods of 
teaching, vegetable gardening. Present lo- 
cation: Supervisor of agriculture, San 
Diego. (Salary raised account S. S. work 
at Davis.) 

Miss Beulah Coward — Courses taken: 
Vegetable gardening, methods of teaching, 
poultry. Present location: Supervisor of 
elementary agriculture. South Pasadena. 
(Salary raised account S. S. work at Davis.) 

Mrs. Catherine Clements — Courses taken: 
Agricultural botany. Present location: As- 
sisting on farm, R. F. D., Los Angeles. 

!Miss Ruth Eaton — Courses taken: Farm 
mathematics, farm science, methods of 
teaching, vegetable gardening, farm me- 
chanics. Present location: Science work, 
high school. Monrovia. 

Miss Edith Anthony — Courses taken: 
Methods of teaching, vegetable gardening, 
poultry husbandry. Present location: Agri- 
culture and botany. High School. Berkeley. 

Mrs. L. Fulton — Courses taken: Vege- 
table gardening, poultry, farm mechanics, 
animal husbandry. Present location: On 
farm. Turlock. 

Miss Bernice Galgier — Courses taken: 



EVENTS OF INTEREST IN LOS 
ANGELES 



Los Angeles has entertained and enjoj'ed 
many distinguished artists — singers, instru- 
mentalists, authors, and lecturers — thanks 
to the foresight and integrity displayed by 
the local impressario, L. E. Behymer. The 
first visitor for the month of February -will 
be Irvin Cobb, the popular American 
humorist, on Friday evening, February 14. 
All who were fortunate enough to have 
heard Cobb when he was here two years 
ago will welcome this opportunity of enjoy- 
ing his recent experiences on the fronts of 
France and Flanders. 

Pablo Casals, the famous Spanish violon- 
cellist, will be heard in recital on Saturday 
afternoon, February 15. This artist has the 
reputation of being the most superb inter- 
preter of this difficult instrument. 

On February 19 and Sunday afternon, 
Feb. 23, the French Government will send 
the French Army Band to this city. The 
personnel of the Band includes sixty prize- 
winning musicians, every one of whom has 
seen active service, been wounded and deco- 
rated for bravery. 

The peer of all pianists, Josef Hofmann, 
will be heard in recital Thursday evenmg, 
Feb. 20. The program will be devoted to 
compositions by American writers, an inno- 
vation, which this great artist inaugurated 
recently at his Carnegie Hall, N. Y.. recital. 

Isaac Marcossom, the distinguished Amer- 
ican writer on international topics and finan- 
cial conditions, will give his interesting re- 
sume of the results of his ten trips abroad 
during the titanic struggle just closed, on 
Friday evening. Feb. 21. His interviews 
with Generals Foch and Pershing. Clemen- 
ceau. Lord Northcliffe, and other diplomatic 
leaders, make his talk, like his writings, 
authoritative and worth while. 

Anna Case, the beautiful American so- 
prano, who has enjoyed success in opera and 
concert, will be heard for the first time at 
Trinity Auditorium, Tuesday evening, Feb. 
25. Gilbert Spross will provide the accom- 
paniments, which is an additional attraction. 

The last artist of the month will be Can- 
tor Rosenblatt, Thursday evening, Feb. 27. 
This gifted Tew-ish tenor has been one of the 
few sensations of the Eastern music sea- 
son. Tickets for each of these events may 
be secured at Trinity box office. Mail or- 
ders, accompanied by self-addressed, 
stamped envelop, and ten per cent for fed- 
era! tax. will be carefully filled. Telephone 
orders will be kept twenty-four hours. 



22 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



Farm science, farm mathematics, farm man- 
agement, methods of teaching, vegetable 
gardening. Took own Ford apart and re- 
paired it while at Davis. Present location: 
Now with U. S. Dept. Agriculture, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Mrs. E. G. Collins — Courses taken: Short 
course poultry husbandry, farm blacksmith- 
ing, farm carpentry, methods of teaching, 
soil, vegetable gardening, tractor course. 
Project in pork production. Present loca- 
tion: Now attending Davis. 

Mrs. L. M. Lawston — Courses taken: 



Short course in general agriculture, tractor 
course, farm blacksmithing, vegetable gar- 
dening, soils, farm carpentry, project in 
onion seed, one-eighth acre, onions for 
rriarket, one-half acre. Present location: 
Now attending Davis. 

Mrs. Helen Curt — Courses taken: Short 
courses in poultry, tractor work. Present 
location: Now in Dos Angeles, expected to 
return, soon. 

Women and men are admitted on exactly 
the same basis, in the teacher-training 
courses at University Farm, Davis. 



OUR NORTHERN NEIGHBORS 



The following letter received by Miss 
Anne M. Mumford, State Corresponding 
Secretary from Canada, will be of interest 
to California club women. 

Fort Saskatchewan, Canada. 
Dec. 5th, 1918. 

Dear Miss Mumford: Your letter with 
enclosed copy of the California Federation 
of Women's Clubs has just reached me. 
Thank you so much for your interest and 
kindness in sending them. 

In each of our nine provinces we have an 
organization, non-political, non-sectarian, 
whose motto is For Home and Country. 
These organizations are known by different 
names in the different provinces, for in- 
stance in British Columbia, Alberta, Nova 
Scotia , New Brunswick, Prince Edward 
Island and Ontario they are called Women's 
Institutes; in Saskatchewan and Quebec 
they are called Homemakers' Clubs, and in 
Manitoba the Home Economics Society. 

I should say that about 80 per cent of 
the membership is composed of rural wo- 
men. Almost all institutes are located in 
small towns and rural communities. The 
membership fee is 25c a year. Both do- 
minion and provincial governments give 
grants for women's work, and these monies 
are distributed through the Women's In- 
stitute. 

The work of the various Institutes is 
suited to each localitj^ Sometimes it is 



erecting and maintaining doctor's and 
nurses' headquarters where our prairie wo- 
men may receive proper care when the 
babies come; sometimes it is starting a cir- 
culating library where folks are book-hun- 
gry; sometimes it is among girls of foreign 
parentage; always it is Red Cross and work 
for our men overseas and those returned. 
Many of our women have given as many 
as three, four and five men — several have 
given more and for many — oh so many — 
the armistice came too late to save at least 
one of them and for the sake of our boys 
asleep in Flanders fields our women are 
anxious to do much to put the returned and 
returning men upon their feet again in 
civilian life. 

In this province alone we have over 8000 
members; many are university graduates, 
some are quite uneducated; some are 
wealthy, many are just making a start in 
this new north country with consequent 
privations. All meet on the common ground 
of womanhood, each giving of her best for 
the benefit of all. There is always some- 
thing to be learned and always an oppor- 
tunity for service. 

We in Canada look to the women of the 
United States as the Big Sister in Women's 
Club work, from whom we may receive 
guidance and inspiration. 

With best of good wishes, 

Cordiallv vours, 
(MRS. A. H.) MARION M. S. ROGERS. 



COUNCIL OF DEFENSE 



Women's Committee of the State 
A meeting of the Central Committee of 
the Women's Committee of the State Coun- 
cil of Defense of California was held at the 
Alexandria Hotel, Dos Angeles, on Tuesday, 
January 28th. This was an all-day meeting 
and during the day the attendance reached 
to over one hundred women, representing 
the County and Department Chairmen, 
heads of organizations and other war work- 
ers of the Women's Committee. 

The meeting was called to discuss 
whether there was a reason for continuing 
the work of the Women's Committee. 

In opening the meeting, Mrs. Cable 
stated that, as the State Council of Defense 
would go out of existence on the 31st of 



Council of Defense of California 

January, the Women's Committee, as a 
part of the State Council, would also cease 
its existence on that date. 

The discussion at the meeting covered 
the question of whether the work that the 
National Council of Defense was asking the 
women of the different States to carry on 
was of value and could be put into effect 
throughout the State in any other way than 
through the machinery of the Women's 
Committee. 

Those taking part in this discussion were: 

Mrs. J. F. Sartori, of Los Angeles County. 

Mrs. Robt. Garner, of San Bernardino 
County. 



FEBRUARY, 1919 



23 



Mrs. A. J. Lawton, of Orange County. 

Mrs. Henry DeNyse, representing River- 
side County. 

Mrs. Shelley Tolhurst, member of the 
State Council of Defense. 

Mrs. Frank A. Gibson, Chairman of the 
Department of "Maintenance of Existing 
Social Agencies." 

Mrs. Mila Tupper Maynard, Chairman of 
the Department of "Educational Propa- 
ganda." 

Mrs. J. T. Anderson, Chairman of the Los 
Angeles City Unit. 

Mrs. Marta D. Carr, Chairman of Pasa- 
dena City Unit. 

The consensus of opinion of these women 
was that there was work to be done in the 
post war period and that the machinery of 
the Women's Committee throughout the 
State should be held together in some form, 
so that when necessity demanded it could 
be stimulated and used to carry out the re- 
quests of the Government. No action was 
taken looking to any formal committee or 
organization. 

The attached "Suggestions for National 
Reconstruction" were adopted and ordered 
sent to the Senators and Congressmen from 
California. 

The afternoon session was devoted to a 
presentation of the work of "The Chil- 
dren's Year" Committee by Dr. Adelaide 
Brown, the chairman, and ot the presenta- 
tion of the bill for the establishment of a 
Child Hygiene Bureau under the State 
Board of Health. 

Dr. Ernest Moore talked on the proposed 
legislation for the conversion of the Los 
Angeles State Normal School into a Teach- 
ers' College under the University of Cali- 
fornia. He showed the advantage that it 
would be to Southern California to have 
this connection with the State L^niversity 
and described the greater advantages that 
could be offered for the training of teachers 
under such an arrangement. The meeting 
endorsed the proposed legislation. 

The following resolutions were then of- 
fered and unanimously adopted: 

"The members of the Women's Commit- 
tee of the State Council of Defense, appre- 
ciating the great service rendered by its 
chairman, Mrs. Herbert A. Cable, in the 
program of war work to which the Com- 
mittee was pledged, the efficiency of the or- 
ganization, the wisdom and justice of her 
policy, the high idealism of her aims, and 
her generous use of time and energy, here- 
by record their profound gratitude for those 
services, believin.g that their value will not 
cease with the period of war activities, but 
will remain as a permanent contribution to 
the welfare of all women." 

"Realizing the importance of the Com- 
mittee of Nine Members for Soldiers' Re- 
placement and Readjustment whose activi- 
ties will vitallv affect the welfare of all the 
people of the State: and appreciating that 
the economic and individual status of women 
is involved as a logical sequence in that of 
the returning soldiers and sailors: 



"We, the members of the Women's Com- 
mittee of the State Council of Defense of 
California, urgently request that a fair pro- 
portion of women be placed upon that Com- 
mittee." 

This resolution was ordered sent to the 
Governor. 



NATIONAL RECONSTRUCTION SUG- 
GESTIONS 



To the California Senators and 
Representatives in Congress: 

The burdens of war have fallen heavily 
upon women. They have not hesitated nor 
faltered, but have contributed loyally and 
enthusiastically and patriotically their intel- 
ligence, their strength and their time in 
winning the war. Now, that the armistice 
is signed and the horrors are past, the 
women of the world are keenly alive to the 
fact that they have never been consulted 
about the making of wars, nor the formulat- 
ing of the peace terms which mark the end 
of war. In this post-war period when many 
serious problems of reconstruction face the 
nations of the world, we wish to inform you 
of some of the things which we, as your 
constituents in California, believe in: 

1. A League of Nations, through the 
formation of which we hope for justice and 
lasting peace for the world. The war just 
ended was waged for the end of all wars. 
This purpose can be accomplished only by 
the agreement of all nations to certain gen- 



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THE CLUBWOMAN 



eral principles governing International re- 
lations. 

2. An International Court of Justice. We 
believe this is necessary. Just as the Su- 
preme Court of the United States is neces- 
sary, in order that the individual States may 
have a neutral place for the presentation of 
Inter-State difficulties, so the individual Na- 
tions of the world need an International 
Court where questions in dispute may be 
presented and discussed before war is re- 
sorted to. 

3. Full recognition of the principles of 
self-determination and recognition of the 
rights of all people to full membership in 
any League of Nations. The cause of most 
wars has been the arbitrary division of 
small nations; such, for instance, as the case 
of Alsace Lorraine, which has been a pawn 
between France and Germny. The same is 
true of the Balkan nations, which, despite 
language and nationality, have been added 
to, or taken away from, different countries 
without the consent of the people. 

4. Government ownership of munition 
plants, vv^ith the elimination of private profit 
from the manufacture of munitions of war. 
With a League of Nations, there will prob- 
ably be gradual disarmament, but whenever 
it is necessary to provide munitions of war, 
we believe it should be entirely under the 
control of the Government. 

5. We believe that Government support 
should not be given to private investments 
in foreign lands. Disturbances in Mexico 
have been largely due to the conflicting in- 
terests of the capitalists of the various na- 
tions who have striven for financial ascend- 
ancy. People who have invested in Mexico 
did it, knowing the turbulent nature of the 
country, and it seems unfair that the whole 
nation should be asked to be a part in their 
private risk. 

6. We believe in universal physical train- 
ing for boys and girls, which shall not be 
limited to military training for High School 
boys. The many cases where men were re- 
jected for military service because of physi- 
cal defects show that before any military 
training can be effective, it must be based 
on physical training. Healthy girls and 
women are as essential to the nation's 
strength as are well-developed boys and 
men. 

7. We believe in Federal prevention of 
child labor. Since the United States Su- 
preme Court has declared the Child Labor 
Law unconstitutional, there is a measure 
before Congress to put a tax on goods 
manufactured for inter-state commerce by 
child labor. Whatever will free the children 
of this nation from the burdens of work, 
give their jobs to adult workers and restore 
to the children their birth-right of recrea- 
tion and education, should be enacted by the 
Federal Government. 

8. We believe in a National Department 
of Health, for Disease Prevention: rural 
hygiene, water supply and sewage disposal; 



mfant and child hygiene and industrial 
hygiene, and milk and food control. The 
present public health service is only a bu- 
reau in the Treasury Department. There 
should be a Secretary of Health with a seat 
in the President's Cabinet. 

9. We believe in a National Department 
of^ Education which would provide for im- 
migrant education, education of illiterates, 
the improvement of public school educa- 
tion, especiaUy in rural schools. Public 
Health Education and Recreation, and the 
preparation and supply of competent teach- 
ers. The present national Educational Ser- 
vice is in the Interior Department and is 
only a bureau. It should be a department 
with a Secretary of Education who is part 
of the President's Cabinet. 

10. We believe there should be a change 
in the citizenship laws affecting women. At 
present the woman takes the citizenship of 
her husband. She should be regarded as 
an individual. It was a great hardship and 
humiliation to women who were American 
citizens who, during the period of the war, 
were registered as alien enemies because 
they had married foreigners of countries at 
that time at war with the United States. A 
woman who marries a foreigner and is left 
a widow must make application to have her 
citizenship restored. We further believe 
that the requirements of citizenship should 
be made uniform throughout all the States 
of the Nation. 

11. We believe that as prohibition has 
become a national measure, some attention 
should be given to replacing the saloon with 
a substitute that will furnish a center of 
recreation and amusement for the leisure 
time of those who have no social life which 
takes the place of the sociability of the sa- 
loon. 

12. We believe that Woman Suffrage 
should be granted by an amendment to the 
Federal Constitution, thus giving to all the 
women of the nation the rights and priv- 
ileges of citizenship. 

We hope that you believe in these prin- 
ciples and we feel certain that you will g-ive 
serious consideration to the subjects which 
will be brought to your attention as matters 
of readjustment and reconstruction in these 
changing times. 

Women's Committee of the State Council of 
Defense of California. 

BERTHA L. CABLE. Chairman. 
(Mrs. Herbert A. Cable) 
JEAN C. SIMONS. Secretary. 
(Mrs. Seward A. Simons) 




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FEBRUARY, 1919 



25 



OUR LOST LEADER 

(From the "Blue Bulletin.") 

The death of Mrs. Ella Flagg Young, 
coming as it did at an age when she was 
as venerable for her years as honorable for 
her service, cannot be mourned as untimely 
for her; but at this juncture when Ameri- 
can educators have to meet the educational 
conditions of a changed world, it is surely 
untimely for us. We have lost a great 
leader just when we most keenly need her. 

It cannot be doubted that her counsel, 
coming from a wisdom derived from a 
ripened experience, would have been helpful 
for our guidance in the waj's that lie before 
us; while the energy and the courage her 
example and her inspiration would have 
given us would have strengthened us in 
many a difficult task and emboldened us to 
more fearlessly attack many an opposing 
obstacle. 

Her service as a teacher in one depart- 
ment or another extended over a period of 
fifty years. She came to the fullness of her 
powers and her opportunities comparatively 
late in life, but maturing slowly, she pre- 
served her vigor and her unquestioned lead- 
ership to the end. Even in retirement dur- 
ing these later j'ears she was a light and 
a power among us with an influence felt 
throughout the United States and not with- 
out its effect in foreign lands. 

The accidents of a political struggle in 
which she was engaged on behalf of the 
schools and the school teaching profession 
in Chicago gave her a renown that made 
the fight against her more beneficial to her 



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than hurtful. Those that attempted to dis- 
credit her in her home city elevated her in 
the estimation of the whole country. Her 
local contest proved to be a part of the 
good fight for education everywhere; and 
while other women eminent in universities 
and colleges were her equals in earnestness 
and in learning and in devotion to educa- 
tion, it was her fortune to be in the fore- 
front of the battle and by braving its worst 
affronts to have the chief credit for the vic- 
tory women have achieved for education 
and the American school. 

We shall miss her leadership, but the in- 
spiration of her memory remains to us. 
We shall maintain the standard she set up; 
we shall go forward on the road where she 
led; we shall win victories not less honor- 
able than hers; we shall advance education 
beyond what she dreamed of; but always 
we shall remember what we owe to Ella 
Flagg Young. 

MARGARET S. McNAUGHT. 



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26 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



A TRIBUTE TO THE MEMORY OF MRS. 
ALICE FREDERICKS 



EULOGY ON THE LIFE OF MRS. 
FRANK F. FREDERICKS, GIVEN 
DURING THE FUNERAL SERV- 
ICES BY MRS. EDWARD DEX- 
TER KNIGHT 



(Mrs. Frank F. Fredericks passed away 
January 20th, 1919.) 

During moments of supreme inspiration, 
Ella Wheeler Wilcox wrote: 

"Our lives are songs, God writes the words 
And we set them to music at pleasure; 

And the songs are sad or gay or glad. 
As we choose to fathom the measure. 

We must write the music, whatever the 
song. 

Whatever its rhyme or meter. 
And if it is sad, we can make it glad — 

And if sweet, we can make it sweeter. 

One has a song that is gay and strong, 
But the music he writes is minor; 

And the sad, sad strain is replete with pain. 
And the singer becomes a repiner. 

And the song of another has through the 
words 

An under-current of sadness, 
But he sets it to music of ringing chords, 

And makes it a pean of gladness. 

So, whether our songs are sad or not. 
We can give the world more pleasure, 

And better ourselves by setting the words 
To a glad triumphant measure." 

A love for this gem of thought was one 
of the things which this dear friend and 
some of the rest of us had in common, and 
none of us interpreted these lines more 
beautifully than did she. 

Many assembled here today had the privi- 
lege of intimate acquaintance with Mrs. 
Fredericks during the earlier years of her 
life; some knew her in connection with 
church work, and can testify as to the spir- 
ituality which permeated her being; but it 
was during the years of her close identifi- 
cation with the woman movement that her 
finer qualities reached full bloom, and to the 
club women who were her close friends and 
intimate companions was given a glimpse of 
the inner shrine — of the heart and mind 
which made possible the full, rich life 
crowned with achievement — which only 
those nearest and dearest to her shared. 

Every life is a message — a warning or an 
inspiration sent by God, and the life of this 
loved co-worker was a message of conse- 
cration and of service. 

Blessed by Nature with intelligence and 
ability, and favored by fortvme with oppor- 
tunity and material things and the leisure 
whicli follows in their train, she might have 
given herself up to the fleeting delights 
which some of us call social life, but she 
loved life with its lights and its shades, its 
joys and its sorrows, its sunshine and rain 



and all its glorious possibilities. She loved 
humanity with its strength and its weak- 
nesses, its endowments and its needs. 

Although it had not been given to her to 
rear a family of children, she had a great 
mother heart which enfolded the children 
of the race, and one of her last calls was 
for the Chairman of her Child Welfare de- 
partment. 

During the period of her widowhood, she 
might indeed have set her music to a minor 
strain, but instead she sought the silver 
lining to the cloud, and passed her days 
ministering to others who were in sorrow 
or in need, and bringing the message of 
cheer to others who mourned. Gloom and 
darkness had no place in her life; grief was 
something to be overcome, sorrow a cloud 
to be quickly dissipated, and rocks of diffi- 
culty things to be promptly surmounted. 

It was my privilege to travel about the 
State with Mrs. Fredericks and everywhere 
her resourcefulness, her tact and her ability 
to put herself into tune with her surround- 
ings made her the ^A'eIcome guest whose de- 
parture is hailed with regret. Her supreme 
service came when the poor and the un- 
fortunate were stricken with the malady 
which finally severed the bonds of her 
earthly life. After having nursed members 
of her family and friends, slie went into 
the congested districts of our city and of- 
fered her services. She was able to con- 
verse with the foreigners in their native 
language. No task was too homely, no 
sacrifice too great ,no service too menial, 
and many sufferers arose and called her 
blessed because of her tender ministrations 
and skillful nursing to which they owed 
their lives. 

Although small of stature, she was large 
of purpose; althought somewhat frail of 
physique, her energy was as indomitable as 
her courage. 

She loved the bright and tlie happy things 
of life — music, poetry, art, color. Her song 
was the song of gladness and of promise and 
of hope. The message of her life is a 
message of cheer and of optimism. 

She said once, "I want to die in harness," 
and her wish was granted. She was active 
until the Maker called her to a higher life. 
Fellow Club women and other dear 
friends who feel that friendship's chain has 
been unalterably severed, slie would say to 
us, "Carry On." 

"Look up and not down. 
Forward and not back — 
Lend a hand." 
As we paj' our last earthly tribute of de- 
votion to a loved leader let us say, "Thy 
Will be done." Let our prayer be one of 
thankfulness for the privilege of friendship 
which has been — for the rich memories, the 
heritage and the vision which are ours, and 
let us consecrate ourselves anew to the 
service which was her life; to the comple- 
tion of the tasks which she left unfinished, 
for this is a living monument; and let us 



FEBRUARY. 1919 



27 



be comforted by the thought so nobly ex- 
pressed in that beautiful hymn: 

"LIFE EVERLASTING 
Whoso liveth for the world, 

Serving, strong and true. 
While the boundless power of God 

Pours forever through. 

They whose work hath filled our hearts 

With courage, love and cheer, 
With words that teach ten thousand lives 

To bring earth's heaven near. 
They are part of Human Life — 

Ours in heart and head. 
They are part of the Living God — 

They are never dead." 



By Mrs. A. P. Black 

It has been my privilege not only to be 
closely associated with Mrs. Fredericks in 
Federation work in daj'S past, but also to 
enjoy the boon of her sincere and kindly 
friendship. 

In this hour of our deep sorrow at her 
sudden passing beyond the veil, I count it 
a further privilege to offer a word of trib- 
ute and loving appreciation of the sterling 
qualities which made up her personality. 

I am glad to do this, but it is not easy to 
convey in a few words the expression of so 
active a life. For when was service more 
freely given, time and energy more un- 
grudgingly spent, or a call for aid heeded 
more devotedly? 

Here surely was a cheerful giver; and do 
we not know that she was loved of God? 
For through and around all her service were 
reflected that love and kindliness that filled 
her work with blessing, and gathered to her 
side numberless friends attracted by the 
warmth of her tender heart. 

And now, though we are deprived of her 
ministry and have only the remembrance of 
her happy presence, we are yet thankful for 
the example and power of her consecrated 
life. 

We know that with her all is well and 
our grief is only for our own loss. The 
friend we mourn is still within her Father's 
kingdom, living in that presence in which 
there is fulness of joy and at whose right 
hand there are pleasures forever more. 



A further tribute to Mrs. Fredericks, by 
Mrs. Annie Little Barry. Mrs. Barry has 
for many years been active in the Califor- 
nia Federation. 

"Mrs. Frank Fredericks was a high type 
of citizen in its broadest meaning. She was 
a loyal and affectionate friend. A woman 
of large sympathy, interested in all kinds 
of folks. She led a very busy active life 
and it is comforting to think that she served 
to the last. I am thinking of a very sweet 
letter Mrs. Fredericks wrote a friend a few 



months ago in which she expressed herself 
on the subject of death in these words: "I 
never thought I should learn to look on 
death as I now do. I believe death to be 
a sweet privilege to enter a higher life, and 
that when our loved ones are taken we 
must know that it is right, that it is for 
the best. We must learn to have no regret 
at death." Her friends will miss her. We 
loved her but "there must be no regret." 



RESOLUTIONS OF RESPECT 
Mrs. Frank Fredericks — (Alice A. Fred- 
ericks) 

\\"hereas. Almighty God, in His infinite 
wisdom has called our beloved President, 
Alice A. Fredericks, from this earthly life 
to life eternal; and 

Whereas, The San Francisco District of 
California Federation of Women's Clubs 
has suffered an irreparable loss; therefore, 
be it 

Resolved, That we express to the be- 
reaved family our sympathy; and be it fur- 
ther 

Resolved, That knowing how hard it will 
be to fill her place in continuing the many 
activities for the good of our clubs and of 
our State, we, in appreciative affection, will 
endeavor to "carry on" the work she has 
begun. 

MARIANNA BERTOLA, 

Chairman, 
JESSICA LEE ERIGGS, 
MRS. W. C. MORROW. 

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28 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



DISTRICT NEWS 



department with Mrs. John Brewer as chair- 
man. 



LOS ANGELES DISTRICT 
Mrs. H. S .DufBeld, Press Chairman 

Following the lead of the district presi- 
dent, Mrs. Mattison B. Jones, who called a 
Council of Presidents and a joint session of 
State and District Boards the first week in 
January, practically all of the clubs in the 
district resumed activities with the advent 
of the new year, in spite of the fact that in- 
fluenza continued rampant in certain locali- 
ties. 



A triple celebration of the three festive 
days of the year marked the beginning of 
the year's work for the Twentieth Century 
Club of Sawtelle, January 4th, when the 
president, Mrs. Ellen French Aldrich, enter- 
tained the members with a genuine Thanks- 
giving feast followed by Christmas and 
New Year's day observances. 

The coming of age of the Wednesday 
Morning Club was another gala event fit- 
tingly celebrated, January 22nd. Among 
those who assembled to offer congratula- 
tions on the twenty-first birthday anniver- 
sary of the organization were representa- 
tives from the federated clubs of the Los 
Angeles District and members of the dis- 
trict board. An elaborate luncheon was 
served, followed by a most enjoyable pro- 
gram of music, recitations and songs. Mrs. 
Charles A. Holland is president of the club. 



In most clubs the war service commit- 
tees are resolving themselves into recon- 
struction committees and specializing on 
Americanization and child welfare work, 
and, in some cases, as instanced by the 
Woman's University Club, vocational work. 
This is in line with the campaign inaugu- 
rated by the National and State boards im- 
mediately following the signing of the armis- 
tice and enthusiastically endorsed at the 
Los Angeles District Council of Presidents, 
January 7th, when Mrs. Herbert A. Cable 
and Mrs. O. Shepherd Barnum were the 
principal speakers. 



In disbanding its Red Cross Auxiliary, 
the Whittier Woman's Club conferred dec- 
orations on a number of its members whose 
activities during the last year were regarded 
by the club as worthy of special distinc- 
tion. The last regular meeting of the club 
marked the close of the fifteenth year of its 
existence. 



A class in citizenship and Americaniza- 
tion has been organized by the Woman's 
Club of Hollywood under the direction of 
Mrs. Francis A. Blackburn. The Red Cross 
Auxiliary of this club is still "carrying on" 
with sewing for civilian relief and the mak- 
ing of refugee garments. 



The Inglewood Woman's Club held its 
reciprocity day January 29th, having for 
soloist on that occasion John Smallman, 
baritone. This club has an Americanization 



Community singing, with Mrs. Bessie 
Bartlett Frankel in charge, will be featured 
at the next regular monthly board meeting 
and a number of interesting events are be- 
ing planned for the all-day Conference, 
February 27th. A parliamentary drill, led 
by Mrs. I. W. Gleason, precedes the Con- 
ference program. 



A calendar of reciprocity days is given as 
follows: Van Nuys Woman's Club, Feb- 
ruary 12th; Echo Park Mothers' Club, Feb- 
ruary 14th; South Side Ebell, February 
20th; Wa-Wan Club, March 5th; Browning 
Club, March 14th; Whittier Woman's Club, 
March 19th; San Fernando Ebell, Pacoima 
Woman's Club and Civic League, jointly, 
April 4th; Boyle Heights Entre Nous Club, 
May 21st. 



THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT 
Verna Gates Hosfelt, District Chairman 



It was a rare treat that was afforded the 
club women of Corona a short time ago 
when Miss Katherine Bryan, secretary of 
the Riverside Y.W.C.A., gave an excellent 
talk on the widening field for the Y. W. C. 
A. as it has developed there, partly as the 
result of increasing industries and partly on 
account of the proximity of March Field. 
The Y. W. rooms in Riverside have been 
used as hostess house for the aviators and 
despite influenza conditions the work has 
gone steadily on. A luncheon and talk by 
the county president featured the meeting 
of this active club of Corona on January 
28th, when there was a large attendance. 



Santa Ana Clubwomen are making prep- 
arations to attend the big County convention 
which is being planned for the early spring 
at Placentia. 



Some idea of the real work that is being 
accomplished by the Sixth Economics Sec- 
tion of the Ebell Club of Santa Ana is 
gained when it is known that this section 
has been given a little four-year-old father- 
less lad of France to support. 




Manufacturer* of 
HOME-MADE 



HIGH-GRADE FLOUR 

AND ALL KINDS OF CEREALS 

Los Angelea, Cal. 



FEBRUARY, 1919 



2& 



Travel Section Number Two of the Santa 
Ana Ebell Club has raised sufficient funds 
to support a fatherless child in France and 
the money has been sent for this purpose. 



An important Board meeting of the San 
Bernardino County Federated Clubs was 
held in the Blue Room of the Redlands 
Contemporary Club last week, when plans 
for the meeting of the nominating commit- 
tee were made. The committee will meet 
at the home of Mrs. D. W. Willets at the 
same time that the regular board meeting 
will be held in Colton — the third Tuesday 
in Alarch. 



Mrs. Florence Dodson Schoneman, presi- 
dent of the San Bernardino County Feder- 
ated Clubs, is taking a week's rest at the 
home of friends at Ocean Park. 



The Saturday Afternoon Club of Banning 
has been the recipient of a very beautiful 
Navajo rug recently. The gift came on the 
fifteenth anniversary of the founding of the 
Club and was presented by Mr. C. D. Ham- 
ilton, who purchased it from the Banning 
Chapter A. R. C. The rug was especially 
woven for Senor Antonio Armijo at Cadia, 
Arizona. The wool for it was raised on the 
ranch of Chief Ci-Ci-Tzo of the Navajos, 
and the work of coloring and weaving was 
done by the three women of his household, 
who worked almost continuously for a year 
and three months to complete the rug. It 
is black, white and gray in color, and of 
typical design. It is said to be the largest 



Navajo rug ever made, being 12x18 feet in 
size and weighing 90 pounds. Senor Armijo 
gave it to the Red Cross, whose coffers are 
$250 the richer from its sale. The Saturday 
Afternoon Club House has been headquar- 
ters for Red Cross work and lectures in 
Banning ever since the founding of the 
Chapter and, thanks to Mr. Hamilton, the 
rug will serve as a beautiful reminder of 
the splendid work done by club vv-omen and 
others of the community during the world 

MRS. R. H. COOMBS, 
Press Chairman S. A. C, 
Riverside Count}', Cal. 



SAN FRANCISCO DISTRICT 
Mrs. W. C. Morrow, Chairman 

The San Francisco District was plunged 
into mouring on Monday, January 20, 1919, 
when its beloved president, Mrs. Frank 
Fredericks entered into life eternal. Few 
knew of her illness, and the news came as 
a violent shock to the Federated Clubs of 
Northern California. Mrs. Fredericks was 
ill only ten days, and fell a victim to influ- 
enza after successfully nursing many cases 
back to health during the first period of 
the scourge. She was a woman of indom- 
itable will and courage, and when the first 
period was at its height and urgent calls 
for nurses and other help was made she 
leased her charming apartment at Stanford 
Court and went to the Bellevue Hotel in 
order to be free to devote herself to caring 
for the sick and needy. She did not choose 
an easy post. With her knowledge of 



iililiiiiiiKliiriiiii 



iiiiiiiiiiiiiiirniiiiiii 




iiiililllllMlilliMilllltiiiiHiiiuilllluilinilMllHiniliiiliiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiniiiiiiiiiiirinniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiininniiHmHf^ 

The "Singing | 

Throat and Horn" | 

of the Starr 

Phonograph 



Only tone experts can understand why in design tlie "singing throat" of the Starr Phonograph is 
perfect In its acoustics, but .vour ears will quickly detect the rare tone it achieves. The Starr 
"singing throat" is not composed of metal or ordinary woods, such as are ordinarily used in the 
manufacture of Phonographs, but is fashioned from "Silver Grain Spruce," the incomparable 
music wood that has been used for ages in the sounding boards of high-class pianos and violins. 

Accept the .iudgment of no one. but BUY WITH YOUR EARS OPEN. Your ears cannot mis- 
lead you. Let them alone be your jury. 

Demonstrations of this wonderful instrument gladly given. 

Ci)e ^tarr ^iano Company 

FACTORY SALESROOMS 
630 South Hill Street, Los Angeles, Cal. 

imminimniriiiiiiiniiiiHiiiiiKijiiiiiii llHlliriiiiiitillllllllliiiillltllliiiiiiiiiiiHiHiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiHliMiiiiiiii iiimn wiiinmiiiiiiiiii iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiM ■iiiiiw 



30 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



languages she volunteered for work in the 
Italian Quarter, releasing overworked 
nurses from night duty and caring for the 
household and its patients, as well as min- 
istering to their other needs. No task was 
too menial, no duty too severe, but that 
she threw herself into it with her whole 
heart and soul. Her forceful character, 
her knowledge of human nature and her 
experience of some years spent in Europe, 
made her welcome to the poor people whom 
fear and ignorance had made panic-stricken. 
Her wonderful adaptability, her cheerful- 
ness, her wisdom and her ever-ready purse 
worked miracles in the ravaged homes 
where conditions were lamentable. Mrs. 
Fredericks never faltered, but continued 
her ministrations until the epidemic waned. 
When it flared again she visited an old 
filend, not knowing that influenza was in 
the house. Weakened by the long strain of 
nursing, her devotion to her many duties 
and her activities, none of which she per- 
mitted herself to neglect, she fell an easy 
victim and her frail body succumbed. Those 
of her friends who knew of her illness vied 
with her anxious relatives in prayers for 
her recovery, and it seemed for a few brief 
hours that those prayers were granted, but 
it was not to be. The woman who had de- 
voted her life, her strength and her wealth 
to help humanity was called of God to 
higher service. Mrs. Fredericks died as a 
soldier dies on the field of battle. She was 
at her post until stricken, and even from her 



bed of pain she conducted her affairs and 
arranged many details. Her last call was to 
Dr. Mariana I5ertola, her chairman ofChild 
Welfare. But before Dr. Bertola's profes- 
sional duties released her, the brave spirit 
had passed. She had rallied in the morning, 
and her sister, Mrs. I. A. Vail, felt encour- 
aged to leave and go to Hollywood, where 
a loved daughter and grandchildren were 
ill. Before Mrs. Vail reached Hollywood 
Mrs. Fredericks had suffered a relapse and 
was beyond human aid. 

Mrs. Frank Fredericks was a woman of 
remarkable character and personality. Fra- 
gile, petite, and delicate, she possessed a 
will of iron and a strength of character that 
was most unusual. Gifted, cultured, lov- 
able, wealthy, and with a heart that em- 
braced the whole world, she might have 
chosen the life of ease which her circum- 
stances, rearing and training permitted. 
But she was unselfish, thoughtful, kind, and 
she took all this wealth of personality, of 
character, and worldly goods, and conse- 
crated herself to a life of service. 

She did not choose the rich and influ- 
ential. She loved her kind and was blood- 
brother to all. Hers was no idle talk of 
brotherhood, equality and sacrifice. She 
practiced. She did not preach. Untiring 
in her efforts for the uplift and better- 
ment of her fellow beings, she worked far 
beyond the limits of her strength. Denied 
children, she became mother to many. She 
was a patroness for a number of homes for 





Bradford:; 
table-queen 



— Such a flavor, such a quahty, such a goodness as 
you will find only in "the matchless loaf" from the 

Bradford Baking Company 



FEBRUARY, 1919 



31 



little children and all activities for tlieir 
welfare. 

She was indefatigable in her work as 
District President. She brought to this 
important work all her concentrated pow- 
ers that she had used when president of 
clubs and other organizations. She visited 
every club in her district during her terms 
of office. She took the same k-een inter- 
est in the club of Indian women as in the 
most cultured club in her district. So val- 
uable and efficient was she that no change 
in administration was made last year, and 
she was elected unanimously to serve again. 
She was spoken of strongly as Mrs. Herbert 
Cal)le's successor to the State Presidency. 

From Humboldt on the north of Mon- 
terej- on the south she will be sincerely 
and deeply mourned by all who came in 
touch with her wonderfullj' magnetic charm. 
She was beloved by all of her chairmen on 
her Executive Board. Mrs. Fredericks was 
a talented, well read, musical, woman, a 
linguist, a strict parlimentarian, a wise pre- 
siding officer. She was a power for good in 
the community. She was chairman of the 
County Councel of Defense, a member 
of man}' clubs and organizations, to all 
of which she gave careful and conscien- 
tious attention. She was president of 
the President's Assembly for two years, a 
president of To Kalon, Forum, and The Tea 
Club. She was a member of the San Fran- 
cisco Musical Club, a member of the 
Woman's Auxiliary of the San Francisco 
Art Association and many philanthropic 
and charitable institutions. Patriotic, effi- 
cient, loyal, she was a power in the various 
branches of War Work and War Relief. 
She gave generously to every cause — Lib- 
erty Bonds. Red Cross, War Savings 
Stamps. Belgian Relief and the thousand 
and one activities she was called upon to 
assist. She gave up her motor car that 
she might be able to give more to her 
country. She was a woman of large af- 
fairs, and managed her ranch near Sara- 
toga, looked after her own business inter- 
ests, her home, her church, her charities. 
She leaves a void that will be hard to fill. 
As District Chairman on her board the 
writer has worked with her and for her 
in perfect harmony. She was always ready 
with a word of generous praise and appre- 



Ralphs Grocery Co. 



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(Highest Quality Goods) 



ciation. Nothing apparently ever disturbed 
her poise. She will be greatly missed, and 
her memorj' will be as the fragrance of 
white flowers in the hearts of her friends, 
and rosemary for remembrance will be hers. 
The funeral took place from Gray's 
Chapel, and the place was filled with beau- 
tiful flowers. Memorial wreaths with but- 
terfly-like orchids, roses, carnations and del- 
icate spring flowers were by her side in 
great profusion. Every organization and 
club of which she was an honored member 
sent its tribute of flowers. Every club and 
the District Board met and passed resolu- 
tions, and a delegation of clubwomen, 
churchwomen and friends filled the chapel 
to overflowing. The services were simple. 
The Reverend Harvey S. Hanson, Acting 
Rector of Trinity Church in the absence of 
Dr. F. W. Clampett, recited with reverent 
simplicity the beautiful ritual of the Office 
for the Dead. A quartette of men sang 
Tennj'son's beautiful requiem, "Crossing 
the Bar." Mrs. Edward Dexter Knight de- 
livered an exquisite and appropriate eulogy, 
and at its close and during the singing of 
that sad farewell hymn, "Good-night, I'm 
Going Home," her friends filed by the 
flower-laden casket and took their last look 
at their beloved leader. Amid the flowers 
she loved so well the cortege, slowly passed 
through the guard of honor of her women 
friends, and the last journey to Woodlawn 
Cemetery was begun. There all that is 
mortal of our friend lies amid the flowers, 
the singing of birds, the circling of doves. 



WILSON'S 

CERTIFIED 

OLEOMARGARINE 

and 

AND 

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32 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



beside her husband in the vault she had 

erected for him. 

"Splendid she passed, the great surrender 

made, 
Into the light that nevermore shall fade. 
Deep her contentment in that blest abode, 
Who waits the last clear trumpet-call to 
God." 

Dear comrade, friend and valiant soldier. 
Hail and farewell! 

"Lord, all-pitying, Jesu blest, 
Grant her Thy eternal rest." 

Amen. 

NORTHERN DISTRICT 

Mrs. E. E. Earle, Sacramento, Chairman 

With regard to what the local club women 
are doing in recognition of the legislative 
work of the women of Californio during the 
sessions of the Assembly, we make the re- 
port that the Women's Council of Sacra- 
mento inaugurated weekly receptions for 
the Assemblywomen and the various 
women lobbyists during the first session of 
the legislature, which adjourned Jan. 2Sth. 

The Women's Council, under the able 
leadership of Mrs. Frank B. Gillett, is com- 
posed of delegates from about fifteen dif- 
ferent organizations of women in Sacra- 
mento. 

These receptions were held on the mez- 
zanine floor of the Sacramento Hotel each 
Thursday evening and gave an opportunity 
to the local women to meet the Assembly 
women and to enjoy open discussion of 
proposed legislation. 

These receptions will probably be re- 
peated when the second session convenes, 
which will be Feb. 24th. 

The four Assemblywomen are: Mrs. 
Elizabeth Huges, Oroville; Airs; Anna L. 
Saylor, Berkeley; Mrs. Grace S. Dorris, 
Bakersfield, and Miss Esto Broughton, Mo- 
desto. 

Mrs. A. E. Carter and Mrs. Hester Grif- 
fith, president and vice-president of the 
Women's Legislative Council, were also 
honored guests. 



A very interesting session of the Execu- 
tive Board of the Northern District, C. F. 
W. C, was held Saturday, Jan. 11th, at the 
Sacramento Hotel. 



Owing to the epidemic of influenza still 
raging, many of the presidents of the vari- 
ous clubs throughout the district were un- 
able to- be present, but those who were 
there were more than enthusiastic. 

The President, Mrs. G. E. Chappell, gave 
a very interesting talk on club work in gen- 
eral, and in particular spoke about the de- 
sire of the clubs throughout the State to 
become interested in betterment of the po- 
sition of the army nurses. At the present 
time army nurses are not entitled to any 
ranking whatever, and their salaries are 
very meager, very inadequate to meet the 
increasing requirements of an army nurse. 
To ameliorate their conditions in all ways, 
the clubwomen are putting forth their best 
efforts. 

Mrs. G. Goss, President of the Placer 
County Federation, also President of the 
Sheridan Club, spoke of the splendid work 
the clubwomen of Sheridan are doing. No 
stated club meetings have been held be- 
cause the women are busily engaged in 
caring for the victims of influenza, and 
families. Several times the little clubhouse 
at Sheridan has been opened for funerals, 
thereby sanctifying the word "clubhouse," 
there being no other place available. 

Several of the club presidents reported 
on the work of their various clubs — not 
holding regular meetings but clubwomen 
devoting time and energy to alleviate the 
sufferings of the patients of the influenza. 

The matter of the program for the com- 
ing Convention to be held in March in 
Chico was taken up. 

Dr. Ethel Waters, who filled the place of 
Miss Katherine Reilly, who was unable to 
be present on account of illness, gave a 
splendid talk on "Social Service Work." 

Mrs. Chappelle entertained Dr. Waters 
and several of the clubwomen at a most 
delightful luncheon, preceding the afternoon 
session. 

Among the clubwomen present at the 
meeting were: Mrs. A. L. Miller, Marys- 
ville. Chairman of the N. D. Music Dept.; 
Mrs. Wm. Quast, Roseville, 2nd Vice-Presi- 
dent; Mrs. G. Goss, Sheridan, President 



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FEBRUARY, 1919 



33 



Placer County Federation; Mrs. March, 
Chico, 4th Vice-President and President 
Chico Art Club. 

Mrs. Geo. M. Purnell has been appointed 
Chairman of the Program for the coming 
Convention. 



SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY DISTRICT 
Mrs. W. L. Potts, Fresno, Chairman 



ALAMEDA DISTRICT 
Mrs. W. H. Whitworth, Oakland, Chairman 



"The Three Measures Selected by the 
Legislative Council of California," by Mrs. 
Frederick G. Athearn. President of the 
Twentieth Century Club of Berkeley, Cali- 
fornia. 

The three bills selected by the club 
women reflect credit to their judgment. 
They proclaim to an inquiring public the 
answer to the oft-heard question, "What 
would women do with political power if 
they secure it?" They are working together 
to secure for the greatest number the great- 
est possible amount of betterment in a few 
measures. They have selected measures 
that are far-reaching in their effect without 
being radical, that are preventive as well as 
corrective, that are remedial without being 
sentimental, that seek to improve conditions 
for women and children without militating 
against the interests of men. 

The Communit}' Property Bill seeks to 
extend to the wife the same amount of "say" 
in the disposition of their community prop- 
erty which the husband now enjoys. 

Increasing the income of our elementary 
schools will not only improve educational 
facilities, thereby improving the quality of 
citizenship, preventing juvenile delinquency, 
and lessening the necessity for corrective 
and penal institutions but will provide a 
"living wage" for members of an underpaid 
profession. With better salaries we may be 
able to attract to the profession many who 
are seeking other lines of work where con- 
ditions and paj- are better . 

Any effort to rehabilitate those termed 
"delinquent women" will help not only the 
women themselves to make a new start but 
will help to minimize the social evil prob- 
lem. 



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ATED MILK USE 

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The district mourns with our President, 
Mrs. W. A. Fitzgerald, at this time the 
loss of her mother, who passed away dur- 
ing the latter part of January, and extends 
to her its heartfelt sympathy. 

Again the club life has been interrupted 
in the San Joaquin Valley by another flareup 
of the influenza epidemic. Meetings of all 
sorts were tabu and clubs just had to can- 
cel one program after another. 

Our sympathies go out to the presidents 
of the clubs who had such splendid plans 
for Januar}'. It seems as if the popular 
"c'est la guerre" of 1918 could easily be 
paraphrased to "c'set la flu" for use in 1919. 

The Parlor Lecture Club of Fresno is 
considering the adoption of a new consti- 
tution. The Philanthropic Department mem- 
bers are working hard to help the Welfare 
Department of Fresno in its efforts to sup- 
ply milk, food and clothing to the poor who 
are recovering from the influenza. 

We are extremely proud of the five wo- 
men members of the Grand Jury of Fresno 
county who have been serving since Janu- 
ary, 1918. All are members of the Parlor 
Lecture club of Fresno. Their names fol- 
low: Mrs. H .H. Alexander, one of the 
Directors of the club; Miss Breeze Huffman, 
Secretary of the Grand Jury; Miss Mar- 
guerite Humphries: Dr. Flora Smith, Dis- 
trict Chairman of Child Welfare, and Mrs. 
George H. Taylor, Past President of the 
Parlor Lecture Club. 



It requires pluck to be patient. 
The test of truth is not popularity. 
Fuss and force are not the same. 
Grumblers, like the devil, take no vaca- 
tion. 



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34 



THE CLUBWOMAN 



HOW OLEOMARGARINE IS MADE 



With the whole world calling for the con- 
servation of fats, Oleomargarine has come 
into its own. The coming months will wit- 
ness the largest consumption of Oleomar- 
garine in its history. 

The Internal Revenue Laws define Oleo- 
margarine as follows: 

"A mixture of Oleo Oil and Neutral, fre- 
quently with the addition of a vegetable oil 
(usually Cottonseed Oil) the whole being 
churned with milk, then salted and worked 
like butter. Sometimes a small amount of 
butter is added." 

From this official description of what 
Oleomargarine really is we recognize the 
used in its manufacture. The inore im- 
portant items will be discussed in detail. 
Oleo Oil, Neutral, Peanut Oil, Cottonseed 
Oil, Milk, Butter, Salt 

Oleo Oil — This is beef fat, the quality that 
surrounds a good juicy porterhouse steak. 
It is just this grade of fat that is carefully 
selected and converted into Oleo Oil. First 
it is cut up in small pieces and through a 
rendering process the rich, nutritious oil is 
pressed or extracted. 

Neutral — This is high grade pure leaf fat. 
It is rendered absolutely odorless and taste- 
less. Neutral that is selected for Oleomar- 
garine is not only the purest but the very 
best to be obtained. 

Peanut Oil — This is a high grade oil made 
from crushed Spanish peanuts, so highly re- 
fined as to be absolutely deodorized and 
tasteless. The peanut oils used in the churn- 
ing of Oleomargarine are the same grade 
sold in retail stores as salad oils. 

Milk — The milk used in churning Oleo- 
margarine is secured from the most modern 
dairies and fully pasteurized according to 
State Laws, Food Dairy Commissioners 
and health departments. 

Oleomargarine is manufactured or 
churned as follows: 

_ First — The milk used is pasteurized and 
ripened. Throughout this process an abso- 
lutely uniform temperature must be main- 
tained, the heat must not be too high or 
else the milk will be overdone, lose its char- 
acteristic flavor or if the temperature is not 
high enough the bacteria will not be killed. 



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consequently, throughout this ripening 
process extraordinary precaution must be 
maintained or else the very first step will 
spoil the complete batch. 

Second — The next step is melting and 
mixing the various fats and oils. This is 
done in steam jacketed tanks with paddles 
on the inside that continually revolve, com- 
pletely agitating the liquid. When these 
oils are thoroughly melted, they are run 
into the churn with the cultured milk. 

Third — The third step is the churning of 
the milk and oils together. Through this 
process special care is exercised to see that 
a certain temperature is maintained. Dur- 
ing this operation the churning must be 
stopped at the exact moment the emulsion 
has reached the proper stage: at this point 
the oils and cultured milk are now in the 
closest possible contact with each other. 

Fourth — The last step is to crystallize 
this emulsion. This is done by running 
the emulsion into a tank of water that has 
previously been chilled to a certain tempera- 
ture. When the emulsion comes in contact 
with the chilled water it instantly solidifies 
into a mass resembling butter in grand- 
mother's dasher churn. It is then dipped 
out by the aid of a large piece of cheese 
cloth, held at each end by men with gloved 
hands and placed in wooden carts where it 
is run into a room and allowed to ripen. 

In the ripening room the bacteria in the 
milk continues to work and thus produces a 
butter flavor that is absorbed by the fat 
from the milk. 

After this ripening process is complete, 
it is then placed in the butter working ta- 
bles which revolve, forcing out the excess 
water and milk. The salt is worked in at 
this time. 

After the mixer has worked out all excess 
milk and water, and the salt thoroughly 
distributed, it is removed to the room in 
which it is made into prints. 

Here the Oleomargarine is spread out in 
a layer of proper depth and workmen with 
wooden butter prints force through it a 
mould of the particular size and shape 
called for. These workmen, or butter 
moulders, pass the prints on to a table 
where they are weighed, wrapped in parch- 
ment paper, and then inserted into the 
printed carton. 

The United States Government officials 
and prominent food experts have endorsed 
Oleomargarine. Both admit that it is just 
as wholesome as the best butter and su- 
perior in flavor and keeping qualities to the 
cheaper grades of butter which retail at a 
higher price. In fact, some food experts 
make the claim that if there is really any 
difference in nutritive value between the 
two spreads for bread. Oleomargarine has 
first choice, for it is free from water and 
absolutely pure. 



Official Or|an of the 

California ^deration o| 

Women's Clubs 

G>mposed of over 40000 Members 




xs- J- I^- Crilli^s, 
State LilDrer^n/ \^ 

Sacrarrentp,, ^ Cal. 




/r^ 



^arch, 1919 
Vol. XL No. 6 





J^tcJk, Aromatic , De^crouf 



The Clubwoman 



Ofificial Organ of the California Federation of Women's Clubs 

Composed of Over 40,000 Members 

PUBLISHED MONTHLY 



San Francisco, Cal. 
1942A Hyde St. 



OFFICES 
Hyde Park, Cal. Los Angeles, Cal. 

Box 3 Brack Shops 

Telephone 79638 Connecting All Departments 

DR. LOUISE HARVEY CLARKE, State Chairman and Southern Federation Editor, 1046 Orange St., Riverside 
MISS JESSICA LEE BRIGGS, State Chairman and Northern Federation Editor, 1942A Hyde St., San Francisco 
MRS. J. A. MATTHEWS, Club Representative. Brack Shops, Los Angeles 

Copy from the Clubs Must be Sent to the District Press Chairmen. 
Subscription Price in California Fifty Cents the year. Ten Cents the 
Copy. Entered at the Hyde Park Postoffice as second-class matter. 

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MOROSCO THEATRE 

BROADWAY NEAR EIGHTH 

Now Playing 

"YES or NO" 

COMING 

"The "WeOlc-Offs" 

"Very Good Eddie" 



Million Dollar Theatre 

Broadway at Third 

Week of March 10th 

"PAID IN FULL" 

All-Star Cast 
Coining 

BRYANT WASHBURN 
in 
"VENUS IN THE EAST- 
ELSIE FERGUSON 

"HIS PARISIAN WIFE" 
DOUGLAS FAIRBANKS 

in 

(Name of Photoplay Unknown) 

Superb Grand Symphony Orchestra and 

Symphonic Pipe-Organ Music 



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I A Woman's Shop 
I in a Man's Store 

: Where men really feel "at home" 

\ in selecting gifts to please the 

\ women. Suggest it to the men 

folks in your family. 



= Spring near Sixth 

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kiRema^ 

GRAND AT SEVENTH 

MACK SENNETT'S 
Glorious Comedy 

"MICKEY" 

with 
MABEL NORMAND 



The CLUBWOMAN 



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The Vital 
Part 



The Sounding Board, that is the vital part 
of a Phonograph aa it is of a Piano or Violin. 



If the sounding board is made of metal, as it is in most phonographs, common sense tells 
you the tone will be metallic. If it is made of thin sheets of veneering, with glue between, a 
character of construction sometime^ used, you know also the tone waves will not carry, but fall 
dead and flat. The 

STARR PHONOGRAPH 
is the only Phonograph which uses neither metal nor veneer in the tone chamber, all parts of 
■which are made of solid pieces of silver grain spruce, the wood used for centuries in violin and 
in piano sounding boards. 

Hear the Starr before you buy. If inconvenient for you to call we will gladly give you a 
demonstration in your own home. p 

Cf)e ^tarr 5^iano Company 

FACTORY SALESROOMS 
630 South Hill Street, Los Angeles, CaL 



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BEKINS FIREPROOF STORAGE 



Our twenty- 
three years in 
the Moving, 
Packing, Stor- 
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have enabled 
us to work 
out plans and 
to perfect a 
system that 
meets the most 
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saveyou money 
in every in- 
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STORAGE. 

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Phones — Automatic, 10018; Main 19 




Editorial Notes 7 

State President's Letter ^ 8 

Heroes of Freedom '... 9 

General Federation 

Gavel Made From Lincoln VAm Tree .,'.:Jf.:-i 10 

North Carolina Club Women Organize for iMid-Biennial Council 10 

Impressions of Conference Held in San Francisco in Favor of League of 

Nations 12 

Symposium on Industrial and Social Conditions 

Industrial Problems of Reconstruction 12 

Industrial ^^'elfare of Women 14 

The Y. W. C. A. After-War Problems 17 

An Ideal Packing Plant 19 

Women and After-War Problems 20 

The Women's Legislative Council of California 20 

A Substitute for the Saloon 22 

Women in Politics 

Woman Appointed State Industrial Commissioner in Now ^'ork 23 

Wisconsin Grants \'otes to Women 23 

Fran Kempf Speaks in Meeting 23 

Michigan Women Given Representation 24 

An Appeal From National Department of Labor to Mrs. Cable 24 

Cut of Ideal Packing Plant 25 

Melting Pot 26 

District News 

Northern 27 

San Joaquin X'allev 27 

San Francisco 29 

Southern 30 

Los Angeles 32 




The CLUBWOMAN 





Two picturesque views of .the Friday Morning Club House 



The CLUBWOMAN 



EDITORIAL NOTES 



MY TRYST WITH LIFE 
Rose Toothaker Milliken 
You had a "rendezvous with Death," 
But I my tryst with Lite must keep. 
I cannot mourn, I must not weep; 
Life calls to me 
And I must take 
M}' place, wherever that may be. 

It may be Life will lead me on 

To great things you have left undone. 

And I shall strive, with courage true. 

To reach the goal, 

Not do in part 

But to achieve the glorious whole. 

So when at last my hour shall come, 

And Death and I go hand in hand 

To meet you 'cross the shining strand, 

I shall not fear 

To tell you how 

Your work has been completed here. 



ARE WOMEN PEOPLE? 

L'nder the above headlines is pub- 
lished in the War Work Bulletin of 
the Y. W. C. A. an account of a meet- 
ing at which one of the national secre- 
taries spoke on the military value of 
woman's work in the war. 

^^'hen she told of the work of the 
British W. A. A. C.'s, those 20,000 
young girls who enlisted in the British 
army for the duration of the war, the 
enthusiasm of her audience was un- 
bounded. The picture of the war-weary 
French women, who left home and 
babies to work in munition plants 
night and day, brought tears to the 
e3-es of the audience. There was a 
thrilling moment when she told of what 
American women did here at home ; 
and when she drew a word-picture of 
the perils of the nurses and of the sig- 
nal corps girls at the front, who shared 
the same dangers and difficulties as the 
men, and never shirked, there was a 
burst of applause. 

She was followed by a preacher who 
closed the meeting with prayer. He 
asked God for the protection of our 
sailors and soldiers, those in service, 
and those who had come home ; for all 
the brave men who had given so much 



to the winning of the war. Then he 
said "Amen" and sat down. 

Not a word about the women ! 

The women helped to win the war. 
\\'ithout the aid of the second army it 
could not have been won. But has the 
tradition that war is men's work be- 
come so strongly established in men's 
minds that what the women have done, 
and what they are still doing, will go 
down in history as something too 
trifling for consideration? 

If this is true, and if men are fet- 
tered by such a mediaeval tradition, 
they should break its bonds at once. 
The hour has struck when the import- 
ance of women in industry, both in 
time of war and in time of peace, can- 
not be ignored. 



PURE MILK LAW IN DANGER 

;\Irs. Bradford Woodbridge, North- 
ern District Chairman of Legislation, 
has sent out an S. O. S. call to the 
club women of the State in regard to 
the danger threatening our pure milk 
law. Every woman should be alive to 
this menace to the health of her fam- 
ily. \\"rite your assemblyman and sen- 
ator protesting against Senate Bill 596 
(Dennet). In this bill milk heretofore 
classified as unfit for human consump- 
tion is removed from that classifica- 
tion. During the war imitation milk 
has been sold under the guise of "Food 
Conservation." Senate Bill 264 and 
Assembly Bill 534 aims to prevent the 
substitution of vegetable fats for butter 
fats in milk products. Club women 
should endorse this measure. 



RESOLUTION ON LEGISLATIVE 
BILLS 

"Resolutions in support of legisla- 
tive bills should be sent to the speaker 
of the house, the president of the sen- 
ate, to the men in charge of the bills, 
and to the individual or club's ow-n 
assemblymen," according to Miss Caro- 
line Kellogg. State chairman of legis- 
lation. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



STATE PRESIDENT'S LETTER 



Dear Club Presidents : 

The event of the month has been the 
Congress of the League of Nations that 
was held in San Francisco, February 
19th and 20th. 

If one had judged only by the women 
delegates it would have been easy to 
imagine it was a Federation conven- 
tion, for everywhere were club women. 
I am sure every woman attending was 
a club woman whether she was there 
as a club appointee or not. The State 
Federation had thirteen delegates in at- 
tendance and the District Federations 
many more. 

It was a club woman, Mrs. Philip N. 
Moore, past president of the General 
Federation of Women's Clubs and 
president of the National Council of 
Women, who was the only woman 
member and speaker of the disting- 
tiished party representing the League 
to Enforce Peace, and the women's 
clubs of San Francisco vied to do her 
honor. 

The City Federation of Women's 
Clubs, under the capable leadership of 
Dr. Cora Sutton Castle, president, gave 
a luncheon in honor of Mrs. Moore at 
the Fairmount Hotel, to which was in- 
vited the women of San Francisco and 
visiting delegates. 

The Laurel Hall Club, Jessica Lee 
Briggs, president, presented Mrs. 
Moore as honor guest at the annual 
breakfast of the club at the St. Francis 
Hotel. 

Mrs. Robert J. Burdette was hostess 
to an intimate circle of friends and co- 
workers of Mrs. Moore at the Palace 
Hotel. 

It was an opportunity and a privilege 
to welcome to California and to re- 
ceive the message of Mrs. Moore at 
this time on the subject of greatest 
interest to the peoples of the world to- 
day, a permanent peace for all nations. 

As we listened to her we realized 
that once more we could safely trust to 
this woman of vision, of courage and of 
high patriotism to point the way as she 
has so often and so faithfully pointed 
the way during many years of service. 



And we said in our hearts : "Thank 
God for the leadership of such women." 

The message and the purpose of the 
congress as it was revealed through 
six intensely interesting and vital ses- 
sions will be given in another article 
in this issue of the magazine. 

The February State Executive Board 
meeting was held in San Francisco, 
Tuesday the eighteenth, in joint ses- 
sion with the presidents and executive 
boards of the Northern, Alameda and 
San Francisco Districts. 

The meeting was held and luncheon 
was served at Hotel Bellevue and the 
attendance and interest and enthusiasm 
of the members proved that the Fed- 
eration is rallying to the call of service 
during the days of reconstruction as it 
responded to the duties and demands 
of war, with the strength and courage 
and conviction which the responsibili- 
ties and accomplishments of the past 
two years have added unto us. 

On my way home from San Fran- 
cisco it was my privilege to meet in 
the same delightful way with the board 
members and club presidents of the 
San Joaquin Valley in Fresno, Friday 
the 21st, where after long weeks of the 
reign of King Flu, club work is being 
renewed with a determination to round 
out a successful club year in spite of 
the handicap at the beginning of the 
year. 

At Visalia on the 22nd I met with 
the Tulare County Women's Commit- 
tee of the State Council of Defense, 
who have voted not to demobilize, but 
to "carry on," and who by a study of 
pending legislation, continuance of the 
public health and child welfare work in 
the county, and by co-operation with 
the Y. W. C. A., Red Cross, church and 
club activities are planning to serve the 
community "in peace as in war." 

Convention plans are "in the air," 
and I hope you are planning to send 
full representation to both district and 
state conventions, and, if possible, to 
have a representative at the General 
Federation Council meeting to be held 
in Asheville, North Carolina, May 27 
to 30. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



Convention dates are as follows : 

Northern District— March 26, 27, 28, 
Chico. 

San Francisco — April 9, 10, 11, Wat- 
sonville. 

Alameda — April 8, 9, 10, Jtlartinez. 

San Joaquin — April 23, 24, 25, Reed- 
ley. 

Los Angeles — April 7, 8, 9, Holly- 
wood. 

Southern — May 12, San Diego. 

State Convention — May 13, 14, 13, 
San Diego. 

The amount of dues and the payment 
of dues is a vexed question for both 
clubs and the Federation, and this year 
the difficulties and handicaps of finan- 
cial uncertainties furnish no small prob- 
lem in our club work. 

But we hope that you realize that the 
Federation problems are as great and 
its expenses as increasingly heavy as 
those of individual clubs, and if the 
Federation of which you are a part is 
to answer efficiently and adequately to 
the increasing demands and opportuni- 
ties of organized women, it must have 
your financial as well as your moral 
support. 

In general, a club should consider it 
an unwritten law and a moral obliga- 
tion to pay dues on the membership 
listed in the directory, which is our 
statement to the public of our united 
strength and importance. 

Clubs resigning from the Federation 
should also consider it an obligation 
to resign in good standing, that is with 
dues paid to date. 

"Faithfulness in little things" applies 
to our financial obligations as well as to 
our mora! and spiritual growth. 
BERTHA L. CABLE, President. 



HEROES OF FREEDOM 

A bulletin entitled "Heroes of Free- 
dom," prepared by the State Commis- 
sion of Immigration 'and Housing of 
California is at hand. Its purpose is to 
aid in the work of Americanization 
among school children through the 
study of heroes of the past. Club 
women will find it helpful in suggesting 
programs on Americanization. The 
following letter of transmittal explains 
more fully the purpose of this bulletin : 

His Excellency, Wm. D. Stephens, 
Governor of California. 

Sir: At this momentous time when 
great men of all lands are gathered in 
conference in Paris, and thought is 
focused on new world understanding 
and conditions, we have the honor to 
present as our small contribution to 
this universal effort, a bulletin on 
Heroes of Freedom — heroes of all 
lands. This publication is designed to 
combat race and national prejudice, 
and to make, through education and 
understanding, for national unity — it is 
a plan to aid teachers in their task of 
making worthy and broad-minded 
Americans. 

The program was prepared by Mrs. 
H. K. W. Bent, The Family Tree of 
America was written by Mrs. Roger 
Sterrett, and the excellent bibliography 
prepared and presented to the commis- 
sion by Miss Marian Horton of the Los 
Angeles Public Library. 

Respectfullv submitted, 
COMMISSION OF IMMIGRATION 

AND HOUSING OF CALIFOR- 
NIA. 



Exclusively at Coulter's in Los Angeles 

Lady DufF-Gordon (Inc.) Gowns and Dresses 

Original models of wondrous charm and individuality, for street, afternoon 
and formal wear. ^29.50 and more. 




SEVENTH STREET AT OLIVE 



10 



The CLUBWOMAN 



GENERAL FEDERATION 



GAVEL MADE FROM LINCOLN 
ELM TREE 

A unique symbol of her distinguished 
office as head of the club women of 
America has just been received by Mrs. 
Josiah Evans Cowles of Los Angeles, 
president of the General Federation of 
Women's Clubs. It is a gavel made of 
wood from the elm tree planted by 
Abraham Lincoln in front of the Lin- 
coln homestead at Springfield, 111., in 
1857 or 1858. Its handle is eight inches 
long and the head three inches and a 
half. In the head is a setting of 
mother-of-pearl. It is the handiwork 
of W. H. Duffield, signer of an offi- 
davit also sent Mrs. Cowles attesting 
the genuineness of the piece. 

The gavel was a gift to Mrs. Cowles 
from her cousin, Charles E. Nixon, a 
writer of Chicago and son of Dr. OH.ver 
W. Nixon, long editor of the Chicago 
Inter-Ocean. It has figured in many 
historical gatherings and will be used 
by Mrs. Cowles in future meetings of 
the G. F. W. C. 



NORTH CAROLINA CLUB WOM- 
EN ORGANIZE FOR MID- 
BIENNIAL COUNCIL 
MAY 27-30 

On January 15th and 16th in Ashe- 
ville there was a notable gathering of 
all the forces expected to successfully 
swing North Carolina's first General 
Federation meeting next Ma}^ Fore- 
most in this coterie were the Cit}^ Com- 
missioners of Asheville and the Cham- 
ber of Commerce, the Rotary and 
Country Clubs and other men's organ- 
izations, who joined with the women of 
Asheville and the state in inviting the 
General Federation of Women's Clubs 
to experience the delights of a session 
in "The Land of the Skj^." 

The officers of the local council 
board were elected and the duties and 
appointments of the necessary commit- 
tees distributed. The prevention of an 
earljr preparatory meeting means that 
decision must be clear cut and final, 
committees must immediately take to 
heart and hand the responsibilities of 



their share of the total success which 
North Carolina expects to make of the 
gatherings which will comprise the 
leading spirits and intellectual forces 
of the women power of the country. 

Mrs. James I\I. Gudger, Jr., was 
elected chairman of the local board on 
arrangements and is most interested in 
the coming of the Council. Mrs. Clar- 
ence Johnston of Raleigh, our own ef- 
ficient State president, represents the 
North Carolina Federation as its first 
vice chairman. The officers and chair- 
men are as follows : Mrs. James 
Gudger, Jr., chairman; IVIrs. Clarence 
Johnston, first vice chairman ; ]\Irs. S. 
E. Bolton, second vice chairman ; Mrs. 
AV. B. Northrup, treasurer, and Miss 
Elizabeth Bernard, recording secre- 
tary. 

Committees — Badge, Mrs. Chester 
Brown, chairman ; Bureau of Informa- 
tion, Mrs. E. C. Chambers ; Baggage 
and Transportation, Mrs. J. H. Wood; 
Credentials, Mrs. T. A. Carsgrove; 
Decoration, Mrs. C. C. Lanz ; Excur- 
sion, Mrs. J. P. Coston ; Finance, Mrs. 
C. C. Hook, Charlotte ; Halls, Mrs. H. 
A. Durham ; Hospitality, Mrs. Charles 
A. Webb; Hotels, Mrs. J. C. Ernst; 
Music, Mrs. J. G. Stikeleather ; Print- 
ing, Mrs. Frank AVeaver ; Press, Miss 
Maude AA^'addell ; Promotion, Mrs. E. F. 
Reid, Lenoir; Social, Mrs. Charles M. 
Piatt; Souvenir Guest Book, Miss 
Louisa G. Williamson ; State Host- 
esses, Mrs. Palmer Jerman, Raleigh ; 
Luncheon, Miss Bessie Rumbough Saf- 
ford, Hot Springs ; Ushers and Pages, 
Mrs. Caney Brown; Mount Mitchell 
trip, I\Iiss Julia A. Thorns, president of 
North Carolina Forestry z'Vssociation. 
Besides the business of the meet- 
ing a large number of interesting and 
brilliant social functions were arranged 
for the visiting club women. A lunch- 
eon will be tendered to the Board of 
Directors and other distinguished 
guests previous to the opening session 
on Tuesday evening, May 27, after 
which a reception will be given to 
which all visiting club women will be 
invited. An automobile trip is planned 
for one afternoon to Sunset Mountain 



The CLUBWOMAN 



11 



and a drive through Biltmore, the 
beautiful estate of the late George Van- 
derbilt. A 5 o'clock rose tea at the 
Country Club situated at the foot of 
the mountain where Grove Park Inn 
is located, is another pleasant event. 

The so-called play day on Saturday 
after the adjournment of the council 
is well worth the postponement of a 
board meeting, as an all-day trip is. 
planned up Mount Mitchell. This peak 
is 16 miles east of Asheville and rears 
its craggy head 6,711 feet above sea 
level. Up the jagged sides of the lofty 
pile, following a route which was for- 
merly traversed by the more adven- 
turous tourist on foot, there winds a 
railway 23 miles in length, which has 
its terminus upon the very crest of the 
peak, its tracks traversing one of the 
loveliest sections imaginable. 

A tentative program with sugges- 
tions as to topics and speakers has been 
submitted and approved by the presi- 



dent, Airs. Cowles, and in the Alarch 
issue of The General Federation Maga- 
zine we shall hope to present it in full. 
The one regret that has been ex- 
pressed is the fact that North Carolina 
is entertaining the Council instead of 
the Biennial, and that the sessions last 
only three days instead of six. There 
is no limit to the hospitality extended 
and we want to see our club friends 
from every section of the country, yea 
from Shanghai, too. 

LAURA HOLLIES REILLEY, 

Chairman of Program. 



LOS ANGELES DISTRICT 
BULLETIN 

The Alarch Bulletin of the Los An- 
geles District Federation of Women's 
Clubs is the second of the monthh^ 
bulletins to be issued by the district. 
It is full of information regarding club 
activities. Mrs. Mattison B. Jones, 
president of the district, is to be con- 
gratulated. 




Two 

Things to 
Remember: 

^■Rpbinson's IS 

A High Class Store 

%obmson's IS NOT 
A High Priced Store 



% Wi. aaobinson Co. 

SEVENTH AND GRAND 



12 



The CLUBWOMAN 



IMPRESSIONS OF THE CONFERENCE HELD IN 

SAN FRANCISCO JANUARY 1 9 AND 20 IN 

FAVOR OF A LEAGUE OF NATIONS 



Mrs. Seward A. Simons 



This conference was one of the most re- 
markable that I have even known. I can 
never be too grateful for the opportunity 
of attending it. As Mr. Taft said, it cer- 
tainly was an "All Star Cast." 

Led off by Mr. Taft, whom the other 
members of the party called "The Sun," by 
whose reflected light they shone, the other 
Stars in this galaxy were: President Law- 
rence Lowell of Harvard University, the 
Reverend Henry Van Dyke, former Minister 
to Holland; Mr. Henry Morganthau, former 
Minister to Turkey; Mr. Filene, a success- 
ful business man of Boston, well known for 
his active interest in social and civic wel- 
fare; Mrs. Phillip North Moore, President 
of the International Council of Women. 
These names alone stand for the highest 
intellectual interests in the United States. 
They represent the leaders of thought. 
This thought was concentrated on a League 
of Nations, through which we hope to make 
an end of wars; it furnished a program of 
speaking which it would be difficult to excel. 
Mr. Taft set the keynote of the occasion 
by his broad vision and non-partisan atti- 
tude. He spoke in glowing terms of the 
service that President Wilson was render- 
ing to the world by going to Europe in the 
interest of a League of Nations. Mr. Taft 
presided at all six meetings of the con- 
ference, charming every one with his good 
humor, with his happy introductions of the 
speakers, and more than all, by his absolute 
earnestness in his advocacy of the League 
of Nations. 



The program of the various sessions was 
well arranged, as the different subjects of 
the program show. Democracy and the 
League of Nations, its effect on business 
and labor, the necessity of a League of Na- 
tions from an international point of view, 
and so on. 

One very remarkable thing about the con- 
ference to my mind was the enormous au- 
diences who listened intently and closely 
to every word said. Probably during the 
six sessions between thirty-five and forty 
thousand people were reached in the Civic 
Auditorium. Many others were reached by 
individual speakers, as the different mem- 
bers of the party were kept busy addressing 
other audiences, even while the sessions 
were going on. This interest of a very 
general public indicated to me that the ma- 
jority of common people are against war, 
and their enthusiasm and support, indicated 
by their applause, showed that they were 
in favor of a League of Nations, and that 
they were hopeful that the cataclysm of 
war with its horrors might never again be 
experienced bj' the world. 

There were delegates at the congress 
from fifty-one counties of California, as 
well as from Nevada and Arizona. Dele- 
gates were also present from many different 
organizations, among which were the Cali- 
fornia Federation of Women's Clubs, repre- 
sented by Mrs. Cable, the President, and 
Mrs. Schloss, and a number of other dele- 
gates. 



SYMPOSIUM ON INDUSTRIAL AND SOCIAL 

CONDITIONS 



INDUSTRIAL PROBLEMS OF 

RECONSTRUCTION 

By Helen Eraser, Author of "Women 

and War Work" 

To realize the peace problems of 
Britain in industry it is necessary to 
know what kind of supreme effort in 
man power for fighting and in work 
for production it made during the war. 

The British Empire raised over eight 
million men for its fighting forces, and 
about six million of these men were 
men of British Isles. England and 
Scotland and Wales gave 1 in 7 of 
population ; Ireland, 1 in 27. America 
to reach the same proportions, would 
had to have over fifteen million men. 
Women poured into work during the 
war in large numbers, so large that 



seven and a quarter million women 
were working for money in Britain dur- 
ing the war. Before the war the fig- 
ures were just over five million. 

One million women were making 
munitions of war. 

Demobilization is the first great 
problem to be tackled ; 900,000 men will 
be kept for army of occupation and 
armies abroad ; the rest are being de- 
mobilized at the rate of about 30,000 
a day. On demobilization a British 
soldier receives all back pay, 28 days 
pay and furlough allowances, a gratuity 
of £.5 ($25.00) for each twelve months 
of service and proportionate amount 
' for each month, an unemployment in- 
surance card, entitling him to insur- 
ance if unemployed of^'$7.25 a week 



The CLUBWOMAN 



13 



(29 shillings) ; his sickness insurance 
book, free traveling to his home, a suit 
of civilian clothes (if he does not de- 
sire suit, he receives $12.50), his great- 
coat (or $5 if he does not wish it) and 
his tin hat (trench helmet) as souvenir. 
They are demobilized according to a 
plan drawn up by Ministry of Recon- 
struction and Ministry of Labour, 
which gives men needed to start peace 
industries first chance of demobiliza- 
tion, along with those whose employ- 
ers are waiting for them. The National 
Employment Exchanges are respon- 
sible for helping to find work for the 
others. 

The woman munition worker on de- 
mobilization receives a bonus accord- 
ing to number of months worked, as 
soldier does, free travelling to her 
home, and unemployment insurance at 
the rate of $6.25 a week and the Na- 
tional Employment Exchanges (Wom- 
en's Sections) look after their employ- 
ment also. 

This is a period of great re-adjust- 
ments. Britain is now burdened with 
an enormous war debt, it has cost about 
"OO.OCXD of the pick of its manhood and 
its industries for four years have been 
practically all concerned with war pro- 
duction and necessaries. It needs raw 
materials before it can produce and it 
needs time to get its industries back to 
a peace footing. Tens of thousands 
of women must work who would not 
normally have done so, because of the 
death of so many men. The govern- 
ment's plans are all-embracing. They 
will take over probably permanently 
the control of railroads and transporta- 
tion. They are lending to local coun- 
cils, city and county, half of the money 
needed to erect about 500,000 houses, 
which are urgently needed. No houses 
have been built except a small number 
for munition workers, since 1914. Ev- 
erything needed for houses must be 
made, furniture, hardware, china, all 
sorts of commodities, and there is em- 
ployment there for very large numbers 
of men and women. 

The government is going to put 
through land legislation and enable the 
returning soldier who wishes to do so 
to go on the land. We have put under 



"RIGHT 

—ABOUT 
FACE" 

—AND HAIR. 

—AND BECOMING 
AS THEY CAN BE— 
THESE 

SAILORS 

—THESE HATS ARE 
NEW AND CALLED 
"BANDEAUX" BY 
AUTHORITY— 

—SOMEWHAT ON 
THE ORDER OF IN- 
VERTED "POKES." 

—ONE WOULD 
HARDLY BELIEVE 
THEY COULD BE SO 
RIGHT— BUT THEY 
ARE— 

—WITH WINGS, OS- 
TRICH, FLOWERS, 
RIBBON — AND 
MANY COLORS— 
—3RD FLOOR. 



LBsAnffMms 



14 



The CLUBWOMAN 



cultivation four million additional acres 
and a large number more of men can 
find work on the land and many of the 
women who have worked on the land 
in the war will remain at that work. 
The large estates have been sold in a 
large number of cases and many more 
farmers own their own land. 

The interests of women in this re- 
construction period are being protected 
by various women's organizations, in- 
cluding the trade unions, S. U. S. S. 
and Lady Chadda's Industrial League. 

Women also vote now in Britam, 
having received the vote last year, and 
are able to influence legislation very 
directly. Women have been on 37 
government committees during the war 
and have attained a very high place 
in every field of efifort. The only pro- 
fession not yet opened to women is the 
legal profession and we believe that 
will soon be open. We 'have now 
policewomen, over 700 of them being 
in government employment. More girls 
than before are going into the medical 
profession. We have 2500 women med- 
ical students at our universities this 
year, three times as many as before 
the war. 

During the war we passed a great 
educational act which improves all our 
educational facilties very much. We 
improved our child welfare legislation 
also and succeeded in lowering our in- 
fant death rate from 108 per 1000 to 97. 
We are establishing a Ministry of 
Health, in which women are vitally in- 
terested, and which we believe will do 
great good. We have great tasks ahead 
but we believe that having sacrificed 
and suffered so much together to win 
this war that we shall carry the same 
spirit into the peace work and men and 
women together will build a country 
fit for heroes to hve in, as Lloyd George 
defined his desires. We shall go to 
our task remembering those who gave 
everything that we might live in free- 
dom and security. Our freedom has 
been bought with a great price. 
"Lord God of Hosts, be with us yet. 
Lest we forget, lest we forget." 



INDUSTRIAL WELFARE OF 
WOMEN 
By Mrs. Katharine Philips Edson, Ex- 
ecutive Officer California Industrial 

Welfare Commission. 

This has been a year fraught with 
great opportunities and great obliga- 
tions for the workers of the nation and 
of the state. California has had fewer 
labor disturbances of a serious nature 
than any other state doing as great an 
amount of war work. The Pacific 
Northwest has been almost an armed 
camp, its lumber industry being prac- 
tically tied up at the beginning of the 
war and its shipbuilding industry be- 
ing the scene of various revolts and 
radical strikes. 

San Francisco and Oakland have had 
the most productive shipyards in the 
LTnited States. 

Why have California workers not 
been carried into the extreme group of 
radicals of the labor movement who 
are causing so much anxiety in various 
parts of this country? The answer is 
two-fold : 

First, California's labor movement 
is not a new thing. Labor unions have 
fought their fights, have won their 
recognition for existence and are a part 
of the organic life of the communities 
of which they are a part. Leaders of 
a constructive type are permitted to 
develop and the fighting leader has 




1 ^ 



Discriminating club members will find 
correct corset service at this shop. 



Newcomb's Corset Shop 

623 South Broadway 



The CLUBWOMAN 



15 



given way to the statesman type. They 
know that with the power they have 
now also goes a great responsibility to 
their community. Therefore, when Se- 
attle strikers asked San Francisco or- 
ganized labor to refuse to handle any 
material or do any work until their 
demands had been granted, the San 
Francisco Labor Council refused to 
have anything to do with a sympa- 
thetic strike and urged the Seattle men 
to go back to work. It was this action 
that prevented the extreme and rad- 
ical members from gaining possession 
of the labor organizations of the West- 
ern Coast. It was not employers who 
broke this strike and prevented its in- 
fection spreading to all the Coast, but 
the leaders of organized labor. The}- 
are today the strongest bulwark the 
nation has between radical anarchism 
and a prosperous, happy and busy 
people. 

The second reason is because Cali- 
fornia, by its progressive labor legis- 
lation developed during Governor 
Johnson's regime, has removed many 
of the injustices, hazards and irrita- 
tions from which the workers suffered. 
We have one of the best Workmen's 
Compensation laws in the Union, ad- 
ministered through the Industrial Ac- 
cident Commission. This includes a 
safety department splendidly conduct- 
ed w'hich has revolutionized the con- 
ditions of factory life. The worker re- 
ceives two-thirds of his wages while 
unable to work because of an industrial 
accident. 

The Legislature in 1911 passed one 
of the best eight-hour laws for women 
in the United States. This, with the 
Child Labor law. which is to be exten- 
sively amended this season, the collec- 
tion of wages law, free employment 
bureaus and other laws having to do 
with the protection of the workers have 
been effectively administered through 
the Bureau of Labor Statistics. 

The Immigration and Housing Com- 
mission have not only endeavored to 
protect the immigrant from exploita- 
tion throughout the State, but have 
been by far the most effective agency 
to prevent disturbances of aliens which 
largely grow out of ignorance of our 



language, customs and laws. Through 
their interpreters they have reached 
every national group in which trouble 
was brewing and through them 
brought an understanding between the 
immigrant worker and his employer 
that has done much to stabilize our 
industrial life. Not the least of their 
eft'ective work has been the improve- 
ment effected in the camps of the itin- 
erant worker. In the mining, lumber 
and agricultural industries and con- 
struction camps a tremendous advance 
has been made towards comfortable 
living conditions. 

The Industrial \\'elfare Commission 
has to do solely with women and minor 
children of both sexes. The duties of 
the Commission are to fi.x minimum 
wages, based upon the cost of proper 
living, the hours of labor in those in- 
dustries not under the Eight-Hour law 
and the proper conditions of employ- 
ment such as sanitation and comfort. 

These orders have all the effect of 
those made by the Legislature, but 
can be made to fit each individual in- 
dustry and can be changed and amend- 
ed when experience shows a need for 




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If there is — you've recourse — always — 
to Barker Bros.' staff of artists. They 
have innumerable suggestions as to the 
most effective ivays of combining col- 
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of creating an atmosphere so full of 
beauty, charm and color-music that 
every room in your home can be m,ade 
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your pleasure! 




' S S TA.BLISMED 



Broadway between 
Seventh and Eighth 



16 



The CLUBWOMAN 



such action as the living cost changes. 
The Commission has made orders in 
ten of the largest industries in the State 
covering practically over 95 per cent 
of the women workers in the State. 
The only industries not under the 
orders are printing and bookbinding, 
hotels and restaurants, telegraph and 
telephone. These last two being under 
Federal control, could hardly be touch- 
ed at this time. Also the wages paid 
by the companies operating them are 
practically equal to or above the mini- 
mum established by the Commission. 
The present minimum wage of $10.00 
per week for 48 hours work is effective 
in all of the industries of the State with 
the above exceptions. 

The Commission was delayed in fix- 
ing minimum wages because the con- 
stitutionality of this legislation was 
questioned and was before the United 
States Supreme Court from October, 
1914, to April, 1917. At this time the 
Oregon law, which is similar to Cali- 
fornia's, was upheld and in the follow- 
ing July the Commission fixed a mini- 
mum wage of $10.00 per week in the 
mercantile industry of the State. The 
effect of this order is most interesting 
as the following table shows : 

MERCANTILE INDUSTRY 
Cumulative per cent of women re- 
ceiving: Under $9 Under $10 
Per Week. Per Week. 

1914 40.6 52.6 

April, 1916, 5 mos. 
before order went 

into efifect 27.5 40.8 

Sept., 1917, when 
order became ef- 
fective 14.7 20.2 

This 20.2 per cent are licensed ap- 
prentices on a guaranteed progressive 
learners' scale, $8.00 being the begin- 
ning wage for an adult apprentice. 
Apprentices, including both adult and 
minors, are limited to 25 per cent of 
the total female employees in an es- 
tablishment. The increase in actual 
wages received being approximately 
$660,000 for the year. 

The next action was taken in the 
Fish Canning Industry and has not 
proven as effective as expected. It is 
an industry in which higher than the 



going factory scale was being paid. 

In January the Commission's 
orders became effective in the laundry 
industry of the State. The result -of 
this order of $10.00 per week was an 
increase in wages between September, 
1917, and January, 1918, when the order 
went into effect, of $236,000, only 
$17,500 of which was in San Francisco 
where the trade union organization of 
the workers has resulted in a scale of 
wages more nearly commensurate with 
the cost of proper living. 

The following table is interesting in 
showing the result of the Commis- 
sion's orders : 

EAUNDRY INDUSTRY 
Cumulative per cent of women re- 
ceiving: Under $9 Under $10 
Per Week. Per Week. 

In 1914 46.6 59.2 

Oct., 1917, 3 mos. 
before orders 
were effective... 29.3 56.3 
Jan.. 1918, when or- 
ders became ef- 
fective 12.4 22.1 

This 22.1 per cent are licensed ap- 
prentices on a guaranteed progressive 
apprentice scale. Only 25 per cent of 
total female labor force can be paid 
less than $10.00 per week. 

Minimum wages were first fixed in 
the Canning Industry in 1916. This 
was before a constitutional basis for 
such action was decided, so the wages, 
both time and piece, were made by 
agreement between representatives of 
the workers and representatives of the 
Canners' Eeague. 

A beginning was also made in short- 
ening the excessive hours of labor. 
These orders have been amended twice. 
In 1918 the rates were from 15 to 60 
per cent and, in a few instances, 100 
per cent increased over those paid in 
1915. Not less than $250,000 was added 
in wages to the women working in 
1918 more than they would have re- 
ceived in working at the 1917 rate. 

The actual effect of these orders has 
been an increase during 1918 of over 
$1,140,000 in wages paid. 

The Commission, like the Immigra- 
tion and Housing Commission, is un- 
salaried ; but unlike the above Commis- 



The CLUBWOMAN 



17 



sion, a per diem of $10.00 is allowed 
for actual service. This amounts to 
less than $20.00 per commissioner per 
month exclusive of the executive com- 
missioner. 

Nevertheless certain newspapers and 
organizations have tried to delude the 
people of California into thinking such 
work as above described was wasteful 
and extravagant. Their constant al- 
lusion to the "forty fat commissioners'' 
has no doubt deluded many well in- 
tentioned people. A decided efifort is 
being forced^ in this session of the 
Legislature to effect a consolidation of 
these and various other State depart- 
ments under director heads. It is a 
most dangerous and undemocratic 
method of action, and will lead to a 
truly bureaucratic system that will un- 
do all the voluntary public service 
given without cost to the State today 
by dozens of our finest citizens who 
have been proud and happy in serving 
their State. 

Let us watch this effort at economy 
and efficiency, and if it develops into 
a scheme to build up a powerful 
bureaucracy which will do away with 
the whole-hearted and disinterested 
public service so freely given today in 
California, and if it develops as a subtle 
method for undermining the progres- 
sive and protective legislation so care- 
fully built up these last eight years, it 
will be for the organized club women 
of this State to appeal to the Governor 
to veto such legislation which we have 
every reason to believe he would do. 



THE Y. W. C. A. AFTER-WAR 

PROBLEMS 

By Katherine C. Bryan 

The Industrial Woman has been in 
America for many j^ears, but her prob- 
lems have not created popular concern 
until this period of reconstruction. 

In 1910 the labor census showed 6,- 
286,271 women over ten years of age 
in gainful occupations. During 1917 
and 1918 two million more were neces- 
sary for the successful carrying on of 
the war. This sudden influx of women 
workers forced home the fact that the 
problems of the Industrial Women 
must be faced and solved. Everv na- 



Home of 




Clothes 



You are always safe in recom- 
mending Hart Schaflner Sc 
Marx clothes. They are all 
wool and guaranteed. 



(609) 





BROADWAY 
AT SIXTH 



-the store with a Conscience 



18 



The CLUBWOMAN 



tion knows that its woman power must 
be conserved, that the welfare of the 
nation depends upon it. 

The Young Women's Christian As- 
sociation, as a national organization, 
has had an industrial program for some 
years. In 1910 at a World Conference 
of the Young Women's Christian As- 
sociation, a study of industrial prob- 
lems was made, with a general outline 
as follows : 

a. "Investigation of physical and 
economic requirements of working wo- 
men." 

b. "Study of the means of ameliora- 
tion which legislation and private en- 
deavor ofifer for conditions under which 
women live and work." 

c. "A careful examination of organ- 
izations among working women." 

The following year, 1911, the Asso- 
ciation decided to create public opinion 
in the matter of the necessit}^ of the 
minimum wage and fair hours of labor. 

Later, women were trained into In- 
dustrial Extension Secretaries to han- 
dle definitely this branch of Associa- 
tion work. Physical directors, recrea- 
tion leaders, club workers, employment 
secretaries, together with the Indus- 
trial Secretary, worked for the 
employed girl. (Two-thirds of all in- 
dustrial women are between the ages 
of sixteen and twenty-one.) A com- 
prehensive balanced program, work- 
able and successful, has been the result. 

In addition to the actual work with 
girls, it is also a very definite part of 
the Association program to help de- 
velop, through publications, lectures 
and courses of study, a public opinion 
that will seek the protection of women, 
their safety, health and moral welfare, 
and that will promote education upon 
the following subjects : 

Eight-hour da}^ 

One day rest in seven. 

Minimum wage. 

Equal pa}' for equal work. 

Collective bargaining as expressed in 
trade vmionism, 

Health and moral hazard to workers. 

Our social responsibility for educa- 
tion and legislation. 

Place of woman on labor program, 



Abolition of night work for women. 

During this war period the Associa- 
tion has been meeting the physical 
needs of the industrial girl through her 
gymnasiums, recreation centers, swim- 
ming pools, and organized and super- 
vised play. The girls' leisure time has 
been directed so that her life might be 
as normal as possible in an abnormal 
time. Through the residence depart- 
ment of the local Association, or an 
emergency building, the housing of the 
girl has been cared for. Cafeterias have 
supplied well-cooked, nourishing food 
at nominal prices. Clubs and educa- 
tional classes have been carried on for 
her development. 

It has been the particular task of the 
Y. W. C. A. to keep up the morale of 
our women workers at home and 
abroad during this time of stress, and 
she has handled the work admirably. 
And this work must go on, for it sup- 
plies a great need. 

Now comes the big test of her effi- 
ciency — the successful demobilization 
of women from war-time to peace-time 
occupation. 

In some instances, since the signing 
of the armistice, single factories have 
discharged from five hundred to a thou- 
sand girls without a bit of warning. It 
created a veritable panic among those 
who suddenly faced loss of wage and 
even want. Under such conditions they 
readily accept positions with poor 
working conditions and low wage, 
which in turn will react upon the wage 
scale for returning soldiers. 

Peace-time morale is altogether as 
important as morale during time of 
war. We have found that it rests upon 
good food, health and normal recrea- 
tion. These in turn depend upon the 
opportunity of work and living wage. 

The Industrial Woman must have a 
knowledge of her own economic value. 
With the spiritual awakening which 
has come to women, a sense of sister- 
hood has been born — a sense of obli- 
gation for the welfare of each other 
has come. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



19 



A let-down of industrial standards at 
this time will result in the weakening 
of the nation. 

The Young Women's Christian As- 
sociation wishes so to aid, direct, co- 
operate with the girl in industry that 
she may be developed to the highest 
point of efficiency, physically, mentally, 
morally and economically ; that she 
may become the highest type of Amer- 
ican citizen. 



AN IDEAL PACKING PLANT 
By Mrs. W. L. Demling, State Chair- 
man of Industrial and Social Condi- 
tions. 

To one looking for ideal working 
conditions, a trip to "The Golden West 
Citrus Association's" plant is well 
worth while. 

Surrounded by orange and lemon 
groves, with a wonderful view of foot- 
hills and mountains bej'ond, the two 
packing-houses (one for oranges, the 
other for lemons) and office building 
are in Tustin, Orange County, and be- 
long to one of the many non-profit- 
making, co-operative associations that 
market their fruit through the Califor 
nia Fruit Growers' Exchange. 

Almost the same process is used in 
every packing-house, though the great- 
est difference as to cleanliness, com- 
fort and efficiency may be feund. In 
all there must be the weighing, wash- 
ing, drying, sorting, grading for size, 
and at last the stamping, wrapping and 
packing. The cover is placed on the 
box, strapped and nailed by machinery 
so carefully adjusted that never by any 
chance is the fruit crushed. 

At the entrance there is an arrange- 
ment of doors that prevents tiresome 
waiting for one truck to unload before 
another can pull up to the platform. 
The fruit is washed by a machine that 
does not necessitate anyone becoming 
wet. In fact, the fruit is not touched 
by hand except at sorting tables and 
when wrapped. At the wrapping table, 
where most of the women work, an in- 
genious device saves them from any 
strain of lifting. The boxes are raised 
from the basement and placed close at 




Hotel Del Coronado 

Coronado Beach 

California 

American Plan 




Greetings 



TO THE 



California 
Federation 



OF 



Women s Club. 



s 



JOHN J. HERNAN Manager 



20 



The CLUBWOMAN 



hand. When a new box is needed it is 
placed on a carriage so made' that the 
lightest touch upon a lever turns and 
tilts it to the angle most convenient 
for packing and saves any reaching or 
bending. When the box is filled the 
carriage is swung around and the box 
slipped to the edge of a live belt close 
by and immediately is on its way to 
the cooling room in the basement, 
where the fruit is chilled to the proper 
temperature before being packed in 
the car destined for the Eastern mar- 
ket. 

The first impression on entering 
either office or packing-houses is the 
spaciousness and the facilities for get- 
ting light and air. In the packing- 
houses light is obtained by a system of 
skylights which gives perfect light in 
every part of the building, with no 
glare and no shadows. The windows 
are fitted with shutters that form awn- 
ings, which shut out the glare of the 
most sunshiny day. 

Separate rest rooms for men and 
women are completely fitted for com- 
fort and cleanliness. Indeed, the com- 
fort of the workers seems to have been 
the aim of the management to the same 
degree as they have made the plant 
efficient. 

Especially apropos to the time is the 
brand of "The Golden West"— the 
largest, most imposing fruit bearing 
the name and picture of a Colonel U. 
S. A., the next in size having that of 
the Captain, and the third that of Cor- 



poral. To the uninitiated as to the 
expert this must signify not only is 
the fruit the best that can be found, 
but that it is a uniform brand, each 
rank uniform as to color, size, perfec- 
tion and pack. 

No wonder the women of the neigh- 
borhood arrange household duties in 
order to work in the packing-house 
during the season. Work is planned 
so that those who wish may work but 
four or five days each week. Wages 
and hours are the standard, but the 
convenience and efficiency of the plant 
oiTer a premium to workers that keeps 
the waiting list filled. 



WOMEN AND AFTER-WAR 
PROBLEMS 

Luther C. Steward, president of the 
National Federation of Federal Em- 
ployes, writes concerning the after-war 
program : 

"The after-war problem as affecting 
women in all kinds of employment is 
especially serious. Women are tradi- 
tionally looked upon as temporary 
workers and there is danger that they, 
more than men, will be forced out of 
their positions or else be compelled to 
underbid men in order to retain em- 
ployment. Therefore, we should urge 
a campaign of organization, especially 
among women, for only by organiza- 
tion w'ill it be possible to maintain 
equitable relations between wages and 
cost of living and to prevent the lower- 
ing of labor standards in other ways." 



THE WOMEN'S LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL 
OF CALIFORNIA 



Mrs. A. E. Carter, President 

: There is a wise old adage, "Know 
thj^self," so for the benefit of our mem- 
ber'ship, the general public, and our 
legislators— of whom we are demand- 
ing the passage of three measures — we 
ar^ giving a list of the organizations 
which are included in the Council : 

;[ 1, Avenue Ladies Club, Ventura; 2, 
Averill Study Club, Los Angeles: 3, 
Berkeley , Center, Berkeley; 4, Birth 
Control League, Oakland; 5, Business 

' Womeo^a Cbib^__Oakland ;- 6,.. Business 



Women's Civic Club, Los Angeles ; 7, 
California Badger Club, Los Angeles ; 
8. California Civic League, San Fran- 
cisco ; 9, California Congress of Moth- 
ers and Parent-Teacher Associations ; 
10, California Federation of Women's 
Clubs; 11, Faculty Women's Club of 
Los Angeles : 12, Friday Morning Club, 
Los Angeles ; 13, Ladies' Aid, Vermont 
Square M. E. Church, Los Angeles ; 14, 
Lakeview Club, Oakland ; 15, Laurel 
Canvon Woman's Club, Hollywood ; 
16, Oakland Center; 17, Oakland High 



The CLUBWOMAN 



21 



School Parent-Teacher Association ; 

18, Pasadena Woman's Civic League; 

19, Placentia Club, FuUerton ; 20, San 
Francisco Center; 21, School Women's 
Club, Oakland ; 22, Stockton Woman's 
Council ; 23, The Ebell Club, Fullerton ; 
24, The Ebell Club of Santa Ana Val- 
ley; 25, The Ebell Club of Los Ang- 
eles ; 26, The Presidents' Club of Ala- 
meda County ; 27, W^ednesday Morning 
Club of Los Angeles ; 28, Woman's 
Club of Southern California Universi- 
ty; 29, Women's Club of Venice; 30, 
Woman's Court Committee of Los An- 
geles ; 31, \\'oman's Christian Temper- 
ance Union ; 32, Woman's Republic : 
33, Woman's Citizen Club of Holly- 
wood ; 34, Woman's City Club of Long 
Beach ; 35, San Diego Women's Civic 
Center ; 36, Florence Crittendon Home ; 
^7. Oakland Club ; 38, Alameda County 
Educational Association ; 39, Sacra- 
mento Council of \A'omen. 



Following is the text embodying the 
main changes of the Community Prop- 
ertv Law as introduced by the Coun- 
cil ! 

172. Each spouse has the same and 
equal rights in and to the management, 
control, conveyance and disposition of 
the community property ; but neither 
spouse may, without the written con- 
sent of the other, lease, convey, encum- 
ber or dispose, except by testamentary 
disposition, of only his or her individ- 
ual interest in the community prop- 
erty, or in any portion thereof, to a 
third person; and neither spouse shall. 
without the written consent of the 
other, have any power to make a gift 
of any of the community property, or 
to dispose, except by testamentary dis- 
position, of any of the community 
property without a valuable considera- 
tion therefor. Each spouse is pre- 
sumed to be the agent of the other for 
the purpose of managing, controlling, 
conveying or encumbering community 
personal property which is in his or 
her immediate possession or control : 
and this presumption is conclusive in 
favor of a purchaser, pledgee, or mort- 



gagee, in good faith and for fair value. 

1401. Upon the death of either hus- 
band or wife, the community property 
is distributed as follows, to-wit : Sub- 
ject first to the law regarding home- 
steads, to the family allowance, to the 
payment of debts lawfully chargeable 
against the community property and 
to the expenses of administration, one- 
half of the community property goes 
to the surviving spouse, and the other 
half is subject to the testamentary dis- 
position of the deceased spouse. In 
the absence of such disposition by the 
deceased spouse, the entire community 
property goes, without administration, 
to the surviving spouse. 

CHARLOTTE ANITA WHITNEY, 
Chairman on Publications. 



Johnson Photographer 

Fifth and Broadway 

Sixth Floor Title Guarantee Bldg. 

Phone 61414 



Cleaning ©eEuxe 




^ Formerly Berlin Dye Works = 

I Phones: 2'jg8i | 

I So. 67s I 

I A. H. KORNBLUM | 

= Preiident and General ^Manager = 

I 31 YEARS IN BUSINESS I 



22 



The CLUBWOMAN 



A SUBSTITUTE FOR THE SALOON 



The annual report of the Commis- 
sion of Immigration and Housing says: 

In a late report to this commission, 
made by a foreign-speaking agent on 
his return from a long visit to the 
camps of California, he concluded by 
saying : 

"Seasonal labor in the mines and 
logging camps is very bitter against 
prohibition. Not so much on account 
of the 'booze,' but because it does away 
with meeting places where the men 
may spend their leisure time. At five 
o'clock work is over for the day and 
soon after six supper is finished. It is 
yet too early to go to bed and the men 
must have a place to sit, and some 
recreation. The discontent they show 
in anticipation of the time when the 
saloon shall be closed is very apparent, 
and growing. Is it possible for the 
commission to make any recommenda- 
tion for a substitute for the saloon?" 

On July 1st all saloons will be closed 
and thousands of men in California will 
be without their usual gathering places. 
This condition is serious and worthy of 
prompt attention of both the state and 
the nation. 

The commission asks for construct- 
ive suggestions. 

On February 2Sth Ole Hanson, the 
Governor of Washington, writes : 

"The itinerant worker receives less 
than any other person on earth. He 
works hard, he wears poor clothing, he 
sleeps in cheap lodging houses, he eats 
cheap meals, he is exposed to all kinds 
of weather and he has no home, wife 
or children. Potentially he is an out- 
cast. He knows this. He knows that 
society has not done for him what it 
should do. He loses his vote usually 
because of frequent journeyings. There 
is no joyousness in his life. He has 
never learned how nor had time to 
play. 

"When liquor was sold in the North- 
west he drowned his sorrows and dis- 
couragement in drunkenness. There is 



no liquor now. With $50 in his pocket, 
he comes to town and lives a month. 
The I.W.W. agitator mixes with him, 
is one with him; in fact he buys the 
agitator's literature. In sordid dens 
beneath the sidewalk he spends the 
social part of his existence debating, 
in his half-baked way, political econ- 
omy. Society passes him by. It has 
cast him and his aside. 

"He becomes, therefore, a foe to so- 
ciety. The agitator is his friend. So- 
ciety is their common enemy. The 
seed is sown and passes from one to 
the other. What the harvest will be 
none can tell. 

"Personally, I believe that some- 
thing must take the place of the saloon 
and that quickly; that great reading 
rooms and amusement halls, etc., must 
be opened, that better living conditions 
must be brought about in all camps, 
and that the workers must be provided 
with reading matter stating the facts 
and not perverted conceptions. 

"Soceity has neglected the great 
masses of itinerants. These itinerants 
are now society's menace. Add to these 
itinerants a few thousand Russian Bol- 
shevists, a few intellectual Socialists, a 
half-dozen red trade imionists, and you 
have a reasonably critical situation. 

"Great public works must be inaugu- 
rated immediately by city. State and 
nation. These should be financed on 
long-time bonds. Great areas of land 
should be developed and sold at cost to 
the actual user. Every encouragement 
should be given to the settlement of 
land and development of our farms. 
The antagonistic alien must not be al- 
lowed to enter this country. If already 
here he should be deported. 

"Our country is great enough to be 
just and just enough to be great. It is 
only bad management on our part if 
men willing to work are forced to be- 
come idle. We have plenty of great big 
things to do. Let us do them and em- 
ploy all our available labor. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



23 



WOMEN IN POLITICS 



WOMAN APPOINTED STATE IN- 
DUSTRIAL COMMISSIONER 
IN NEW YORK 



The vote — 36 to 1-1 — confirming Gov. 
Smith's appointment of Miss Frances 
Perkins as a member of the New York 
State Industrial Commission was un- 
expectedly large. The fact that 13 re- 
publican senators lined up with the 
democrats in favor of confirmation is 
significant not only of unwillingness to 
yield to the part}' bosses but of a broad- 
ening view regarding the participation 
of women in public affairs. This posi- 
tion, which pays $8000 a year, is prob- 
ably the most important one to which 
a woman has ■ been appointed in New 
York. Miss Perkins is secretary of the 
consumers' league and has been active 
in the interest of women in industry. 
Her appointment has been criticized on 
the ground that it would give labor un- 
due representation on the commission. 
But the commission is not a capital and 
labor afifair; its point of view is sup- 
posed to be simply that of the public in- 
terest. The new member's eligibility is 
unquestionable. 



WISCONSIN GRANTS 

VOTES TO WOMEN 



MADISON. Wis., Feb. 12.— Wiscon- 
sin has granted women the right to vote 
at presidential elections. The senate 
today by a vote of 27 to 4 passed the 
house bill to this effect. 



FRAU KEMPF SPEAKS 

IN MEETING 



American woman suffragists would 
have been proud of one of their most 
notable protagonists in Bavaria, Frau 
Dr. Kempf, who emerged from the 
noisy, boisterous, often disorderly 
meetings, of the provisional national 
council with as fine a record for con- 
structive, level-headed work as any 
man or woman who attended them. 
She drew unqualified praise even from 
the opponents of suffrage, made the 
troublemakers and roisterers look petty 
by her even dignity — and waited until 
the last day of the session before tell- 
ing them her opinion of them. 

In an address that calmed even the 
noisy element, Frau Kempf laid down 
the program she and other women, now 
that they may vote, want to see en- 
acted. It includes participation by 
women in all branches of government; 
participation especially in social work, 
trades inspection, living condition poli- 
cies, and social hygiene. 

Women ask, she further said, the 
equality of women with men teachers, 
educational possibilites for girls in all 
existing schools, expert training for 
women workers, the influence of moth- 
ers in the schools, the admission of 
women as judges, lawyers and jury 
members, assurance of the right of 
women to influence the upbringing of 
the family, economic independence of 



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The CLUBWOMAN 



Frau Kempf condemned the enforced 
celibacy of women officials, demanded 
better treatment for illegitimate chil- 
dren and their mothers and removal of 
the regulation of the social evil. 

She demanded to know how the state 
is planning to meet the obvious social 
dangers attendant upon the release of 
thousands of women now that the men 
have returned to take their places with 
the consequent lack of work. 



MICHIGAN WOMEN 

GIVEN REPRESENTATION 

The Michigan Democrats in State 
convention at Lansing nominated four 
women candidates to State elective of- 



fices and gave women one-third of the 
representation in State central commit- 
tee. 

The four women nominated to State 
offices are: For Regents of the State 
University, Mrs. Effie Gaylord Hous- 
ton, Ludington, and Mrs. Emma Corn- 
stock, Boltwood, Grand Rapids. 

For Superintendent of Public In- 
struction, Mrs. Mary Hinsdale, Grand 
Rapids. 

For Member of the Board of Educa- 
tion, Miss Josephine Fitzgerald, Port 
Huron. 



AN APPEAL FROM NATIONAL DEPARTMENT OF 
LABOR TO MRS. HERBERT A. CABLE 



The Department of Labor, since the 
first of the year, has been engaged in a 
campaign to stimulate building as a 
means of absorbing the surplus labor of 
men released from Army service and 
of encouraging general business activ- 
ity after the war. This practical con- 
structive efifort on the part of the Gov- 
ernment has received the support of the 
newspapers of the country, of Gover- 
nors, Mayors and other officials. Con- 
gressmen have indorsed the national 
movement, and there is a widespread 
desire to start at once building projects 
deferred during the war and new enter- 
prises which will employ men of many 
trades. 

In view of the constantly increasing 
number of the unemployed, it is im- 
perative that no time should be lost. 
For this reason we are making an ap- 
peal to you, as President of the State 
Federtaion of Women's Clubs, to give 
official sanction to this campaign and 
to urge district presidents and individ- 
ual clubs to make this movement their 
special concern at this time. 

It is possible for the women's clubs to 
hasten road building and the construc- 
tion of public works. The clubs will 
have a voice, also, in the building of 
memorials, many of which will be au- 
thorized within the year. The Munici- 



pal Art Society of New York has pre- 
pared a list of thirty-tWD types of me- 
morials, including community houses, 
museums, gateways, libraries and 
schools and every town in the country 
will be interested in some project that 
pays tribute to the young soldiers sent 
to France to fight for their country. 
The Own-Your-Own-Home part of the 
campaign should \be the concern of 
every community. 

If the clubs should do nothing more 
than merely to mould public opinion in 
favor of building without delay their 
aid would be invaluable, but they have 
demonstrated that they can bring 
about the greatest practical results in 
whatever they undertake. State and 
district presidents can do much by call- 
ing the attention of local newspapers to 
the campaign and thus securing wide 
publicity. 

As every day's delay is serious at this 
period, the assurance of your co-opera- 
tion at the earliest possible date will be 
appreciated. 



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Jessica Lee Briggs, San Francisco 



THE TREE 
By Joyce Kilmer 

(Who Gave His Life in France) 
I tiiink that I shall never see 
A poem lovely as a tree. 

A tree whose hungry mouth is prest 
Against the earth's sweet owing breast. 

A tree that looks at God all day 
And lifts her leafy arms to pray; 

A tree that may in summer wear 
a nest of robins in her hair; 

Upon whose bosom snow has lain; 
Who intimately lives with rain. 

Poems are made by fools like me, 
But only God can make a tree. 



Wilson Valley, and see El McAdoo and 
Hoover Falls! 



It is said of the friendship between Theo- 
dore Roosevelt and John Burroughs that 
each taught the other "two new birds." "He 
taught me," says John Burroughs, "two new 
birds, Bewick's wren and one of the rare 
warblers; and I taught him two, the swamp 
sparrow and one other which I now forget. 
I asked him if he had ever seen the little 
gray gnat-catcher in the vicinity. . . . 
He took me to the place, a little run with 
some wild plum trees on the bank, and in- 
stantly said, 'There it is now!' And sure 
enough, there was the tiny bird in the field 
near by." 



We love these intimate stories of our 
great men, and we are glad to know that 
our most typical, and perhaps our greatest 
present-day citizen was of this lovable na- 
ture. We admire him and are proud of him 
for the great statesman and naturalist that 
he was; but we earnestly protest against the 
changing of the name Sequoia National 
Park to Roosevelt National Park. And we 
believe that Mr. Roosevelt would himself 
be against it. 

Sequoia means primarily California and 
California, in this one instance at least, 
means the United States of America. There 
are no such trees anywhere else in the 
world. No other name, however illustrious, 
could take the place or fulfill the meaning 
of Sequoia. 



It would save the world a great deal of 
confusion and the kindly folk in it a good 
deal of trouble if some great man would 
start the fashion of having his name comp- 
righted before he died. 

A thought that is well-nigh unthinkable 
is, for instance, to take a summer outing to 



Then, indeed, would there be cause for the 
mountains to skip like goats and the little 
hills like sheep and run down into the sea 
together, not suggesting what Yosemite 
Valley itself might do. 



The women of San Francisco had the 
pleasure of entertaining Mrs. Phillip North 
Moore as their distinguished guest during 
the League to Enforce Peace Convention. 
Mrs. Moore's was the only woman's name 
among the illustrious list which composed 
the Taft Party. 

San Francisco first became acquainted 
with Mrs. Moore, as did California gener- 
ally, at the 1912 Biennial, at which time she 
was the presiding officer of the General 
Federation of Woman's Clubs. It was at 
that time that she won our admiration, re- 
spect, and a very warm spot in our hearts. 
It was at that time, too, that Mrs. Moore 
began to know and to love California and 
our California women. 



One of San Francisco's prominent club 
women, one who is also prominent in the 
business world of the city. Miss Margaret 
Mary Morgan, has been appointed by the 
Y. W. C. A. to represent the western states 
as one of four women on a commission to 
China. This commission sailed from Van- 
couver on the Empress of Asia, February 
27th. 

Miss Morgan's part in the commission is 
to make a survey of the Chinese women in 
industry. 

A similar commission has been sent to 
South America. This is in preparation of 
a wider field of the Y. W. C. A. work. 

Mrs. Annie Little Barry and Mrs. Rose 
V. S. Berry have also received important 
posts in the work of the Y. W. C. A. Mrs. 
Berry's field includes Utah, Nevada and Ari- 
zona. She is State Chairman of Art of the 
C. F. W. C, and is sub-chairman on the 
General Federation Board. 



Have you noticed when it rains how gay 
the streets of your town are? They are 
alive with red, purple, green, and blue um- 
brellas, and brightly-dyed coats. It is one 
of the the prettiest of sights! If you haven't 
noticed, take a look before the dry season 
is upon us. The day of happy thoughts and 
colorful ideas is with us. No more ugly 
black parachutes, no more dull mackin- 
toshes, no more galoshes! Even those 
gaudy fish-skin-looking garments of the lat- 
est mode aren't unpleasing. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



27 



IRIS FLOWERS 

My mother let me go with her 

(I had been good all day). 
To see the iris flowers that bloom 

In gardens far away. 

We walked and walked through hedges 

green, 
To where we saw a garden gate 
Beneath the farthest hill. 

She pointetd out the rows of "flowers"; 

I saw no planted things, 
But white and purple butterflies 

Tied down with silken strings. 

They strained and fluttered in the breeze, 

So eager to be free: 
I begged the man to let them go, 

But mother laughed at me. 

She said that they could never rise, 

Like birds to heaven so blue. 
But even mothers do not know 

Some things that children do. 

That night the flowers untied themselves 

And softly stole away. 
To fly in sunshine round mj' dreams 

L'ntil the break of day. 

— Mar}- McXeil Fenellosa. 



DISTRICT NEWS . 

NORTHERN DISTRICT 
Mrs. E. E. Earle, Chairman, Sacramento 

The Executive Board of the Northern 
District held its meeting Saturday. Febru- 



ary 1st. at Sacramento Hotel. Women from 
various clubs throughout the district were 
present, and a decidedly interesting session 
followed the calling to order by the Dis- 
trict President, Mrs. G. E. Chappel. Mr. 
M. B. Pratt of the State Board of Forestry 
gave an interesting talk on Senate Bill No. 
266, providing for the prevention and sup- 
pression of forest fires. He also explained 
Senate Bill No. 244, relative to the estab- 
lishment of a state nursery. This was unan- 
imously endorsed by the Northern District 
Board. 

Nominating committee to name ofiicers to 
be elected at the coming convention of the 
Northern District to be held in Chico in 
March was appointed. Mrs. P. B. Goss 
as chairman, with the following members, 
was appointed: Mesdames Bradford, Wood- 
bridge. Roseville; A. M. Bolton, Marys- 
ville; B. F. Walton, Sacramento. 

Much interest is centering in the election 
in the Northern District this year. Many 
of the clubs already have their lists of can- 
didates ready, and since much of the old 
political method of slate fixing has been 
done away with, the women are looking 
worward with keen anticipation to election 
day. 



SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY DISTRICT 
Mrs. W. L. Potts, Chairman, Fresno 

A red letter day in the club world of the 
San Joaquin Valley was Friday, February 








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The CLUBWOMAN 



21st, when the San Joaquin Valley District 
Federation was called to order by the Presi- 
dent, Mrs. W. A. Fitzgerald, who presidede 
with her usual charm. Representatives from 
the various clubs were in attendance and we 
were honored to have as our guests Mrs. 
Herbert A. Cable, State President, and Mrs. 
Rose V. Berry of the Art Department. Mrs. 
Berry spoke of the importance of the war 
art posters during the war and also of the 
splendid work of the Y. W. C. A. and the 
importance of the Americanization work. 
It was a wonderful privilege to hear Mrs. 
Berry. She is one of the most forceful and 
interesting speakers we have had the pleas- 
ure of hearing. 

Resolutions were passed by the board re- 
gretting the death of Mrs. M. J. Hain, prom- 
inent club woman of Coalingo. Last year 
Mrs. Hain held the position of State Chair- 
man of Home Economics. She devoted 
herself to war work and nobly volunteered 
to nurse during the influenza epidemic, and 
contracted the disease, which was the cause 
of her death. 

The Executive Board of the S. J. V. F. W. 
C. passed a resolution opposing the chang- 
ing of the name of the Sequoia National 
Park to Roosevelt National Park, as has 
been proposed. The Parlor Lecture Club 
of Fresno, the Lindsay Club and the Wo- 
man's Club of Stratford passed similar reso- 
lutions. 

An important event was the decision of 
holding the spring convention at Reedley 
on April 23, 24 and 24. Mrs. Eyman, Presi- 
dent of the Reedley Club, conferred with 
Mrs. Cable in regard to the coming con- 
vention. 

Mrs. Cable spoke to an interested num- 
ber of club women of Fresno on the after- 
noon of February 21st, urging them to keep 
up the spirit shown during the war activities 
and not sink back into pre-war lethargy. 

Mrs. Zumwalt of Tulare represented the 
Woman's Club of Tulare at the National 
Congress for the League of Nations held 
in San Francisco. Mrs. W. A. Fitzgerald 
and Mrs. G. E. Williams were present from 
Fresno. The Turlock Woman's Club held 
an interesting meeting featuring Child 
Welfare. 

The Parlor Lecture Club of Fresno has 
had several interesting meetings during the 
month. Mrs. Fay Zenola McClaren gave a 
splendid interpretation of "Bought and Paid 
For." Both the Music Department and 
Home Department featured their annuals. 

The Coalinga Woman's Club held elec- 
tion of officers. The next club meeting. 
March Sth, will be "California Day." It 
will also be Reciprocity Day for the club. 
Mrs. W. A. Fitzgerald, president of the San 
Joaquin Valley District Federation, has 
been invited as guest of honor. 



TRIBUTE TO TWO PROMINENT 
CLUB WOMEN 

The Coalinga Woman's Club has suffered 
an irreparable loss in the death of two of 
its most devoted members. Mamie Hain and 



Mary Jones. The influenza epidemic exacted 
its toll and we mourn their taking away. 

Mrs. Mamie Hain was known all over the 
state, and while Coalinga is proud of the 
honor of claiming her, we feel the kinship 
of all the clubs of the state who knew her, 
and mourn for her. Mrs. Hain rose from 
local chairman of Home Economics to 
District and, finally, to State Chairman of 
that section of club activities. During the 
war she was also chairman of the local Wo- 
men's Committee of the Council of De- 
fense, and worked day and night in the in- 
terest of food conservation and home eco- 
nomics. She was high in the work of the 
State Food Board, and aided the Govern- 
ment in every way possible. Locally she 
organized community classes in the study of 
food conservation, and was instrumental in 
procuring lecturers from the State Univer- 
sity, and in creating interest in university 
extension work. 

Mrs. Hain was sent as a delegate to the 
National Biennial Convention of Federated 
Clubs held last year in Hot Springs, Ar- 
kansas, and was one of the California host- 
esses -during the session. During the influ- 
enza epidemics Mrs. Hain gave of her time, 
her knowledge, and her strength, and lit- 
erally laid down her life for her fellow 
beings, for it was while caring for the 



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stricken ones that she herself contracted the 
disease which proved so fatal. 

Mrs. Jones was one of our youngest 
members, but one who made friends every- 
where through her joy in living and her 
bright and happy spirit. It was rightly 
spoken of her that she "brought sunshine 
with her whever she went." Mrs. Jones was 
an ardent Red Cross worker; the past year 
almost her entire time was given to the 
work. She was chairman of the garnient 
workers, but was always ready and willing 
to help whenever requested. Her capacity 
for work was amazing, and her cheerfulness 
never faltered. She took great interest in 
civic affairs, and was a faithful, earnest 
member of the club. 

The following resolutions of respect were 
offered by the undersigned committee and 
spread on the records of the club: 

Whereas, It has pleased the Supreme 
Ruler of the Universe to remove from our 
midst our beloved associates, Mary Jones 
and Mamie Hain, whose taking away we 
deeply deplore; and, 

Whereas, Our beloved friends have been 
devoted and faithful workers in our club; 
therefore, be it 

Resolved, That this club extend to the 
sorrowing husbands the sincere sj'mpathy of 
its membership. 

"After a while, when the hearts that are 
broken 

Have been touched by the Healing Hand, 
And we hear the word come softly spoken. 

After a while we shall understand. 
The world may sound no trumpets, ring no 

bells, 
The Book of Life the shining record tells." 
(Signed) ANNIE CHENEY, 
LOLA FEARON, 

Committee. 



SAN FRANCISCO DISTRICT 
Mrs. W. C. Morrow, hairman, San Francisco 

Mrs. . D. Flowers, the Corresponding 
Secretary of the Kosmos Club of Ukiah, has 
sent a letter to the District Chairman ex- 
pressing the regret of the club members in 
the passing of Mrs. Frank Fredericks. Mrs. 
Flowers speaks of the love the club women 
of the northern counties had for their late 
president and tells of the inspiration and 
uplift that Mrs. Fredericks brought with her 
in her visits to them. Mrs. Flowers extends 
the best wishes of the Kosmos Club to Dr. 
Bertola, who has been chosen as president, 
and pledges the loyalty of the members. 

Dr. Mariana Bertola. the newly chosen 
president of the San Francisco District, has 
been indefatigable in her eflForts to adjust 
matters since assuming the great responsi- 
bility. Meetings have been called and much 
executive work accomplished. Many of her 
committees have been appointed and are 
fast getting into work order. 

Mrs. Herbert Cable presided at the ses- 
sion of the State Board meeting at the Belle- 
vue Hotel, San Francisco, on Tuesday, Feb- 
ruary 18th. The session lasted all day and 
was a satisfactory one in every particular. 



Mrs. Cable making new friends by her win- 
ning personality. At the luncheon which 
followed the morning session Mrs. C. M. 
Haring, State Chairman of the Home Eco- 
nomic Department of the California Fed- 
eration of Women's Clubs, spoke on the 
home. She warned women to conserve 
food. 

Laurel Hall Club held its annual break- 
fast at the St. Francis on Wednesday, Feb- 
ruary 19th. The affair was remarkable in- 
asmuch as it enjoyed the distinction of hav- 
ing many notable women present. Mrs. 
Philip North Moore, President of National 
Council and member of the League to En- 
force Peace, was in town as a member of 
Mr. Taft's party, and was a guest of honor. 
She spoke a few trenchant sentences. Dr. 
Aurelia Rheinhardt, President of Mills Col- 
lege, made a stirring address. Mrs. Herbert 
A. Cable, President of the California Fed- 
eration of Women's Clubs and Chairman 
of W'oman's Division State Council of De- 
fense, also spoke a few words, as did Miss 
Margaret Mary Morgan, member of the Na- 
tional Y. W. C. A., who left for China on 
Saturday, February 22nd, Dr. Mariana Ber- 
tola, Mrs. Edward Dexter Knight. Dr. Cora 
Sutton Castle, President of The City Fed- 
eration, Mrs. A. W. Scott, President of the 
Forum Club, Mrs. Louis Hertz and many 
other cfub presidents. During the luncheon 
a selected orchestra played popular music, 
and at the close of the luncheon The Play- 
ers Club presented a one-act play, "Just 
North of Hades." It was a very clever bit 



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The CLUBWOMAN 



of sarcasm and was excellently well done. 
Spring flowers adorned the tables, and the 
colors of the Allies were on the president's 
table. Miss Jessica Lee Briggs, the Presi- 
dent, presided and introduced the speakers 
with a few well-chosen words. Everyone 
was made to feel at home and the affair 
was a brilliant success. 

On Wednesday, February 26th, the Forum 
Club, of which Mrs. A. W. Scott is Presi- 
dent, gave up the afternoon to "In Me- 
moriam" for Mrs. Frank Fredericks, who 
was at one time a president of the Forum. 

The Forum Club luncheon was a pleasant 
afifair with a strong patriotic setting. Prob- 
lems of the Peace Table were discussed. 

Mrs. Henry C. Bunker, the affable Presi- 
dent of the Pacific Coast Women's Press 
Association, has almost entirely recovered 
from her recent and distressing accident. 
She was able to preside at the meeting on 
the second Monday in February. 

The City Federation had a luncheon at 
the Fairmont during Mrs. Philip North 
Moore's visit, and Mrs. Moore was an hon- 
ored guest. Dr. Cosa Sutton Castle pre- 
sided. 

AN EXPRESSION OF REGRET FROM 
A UKIAH CLUB 

Members of the Saturdaj' Afternoon Club 
who were present at the last club meeting 
on Saturday afternoon voted unanimously 
that expressions of regret over the passing 
of Mrs. Alice Fredericks, lat President of 
the San Francisco District, California Fed- 
eration of Women's Clubs, be entered on 
the minutes of the club's records. Mrs. J. 
G. Thomas read a brief eulogy on the pass- 
ing of the noted club leader whose personal 
efficiency was so well known here and whose 
untimely and heroic death was a distinct 
los sto California club circles. Mrs. W. D. 
L. Held and Mrs. Maxwell were appointed 
a committee to convey these expressions of 
regret to the "California Club Woman," the 
official organ of the Federation. 



SOUTHERN DISTRICT NOTES 
By Verna Gates Hosfelt, 

Chairman 
Fully one hundred club women were 



seated at the luncheon table at the 
Nichewaug Hotel, in Redlands, on 
February 20th, when the Board meet- 
ing of the Southern District was held. 
It was a meeting redolent with new 
thoughts and ideas and was made all 
the more pleasant by the presence of 
Mrs. C. C. Arnold, who was the guest 
of honor. 

The luncheon was preceded by a 
beautiful "House ■ Blessing," by Mrs. 
Clarence Hubert Johnson, of San Ber- 
nardino, and as soon as the last course 
had been served, Mrs. J. J. Suess, pres- 
ident of the Southern District, who 
acted as toastmistress, introduced the 
speakers. Mrs. Arnold brought an es- 
pecially timely message, as she ap- 
pealed to the Club women to use their 
best efforts in this reconstruction pe- 
riod when the opportunities for accom- 
plishing wonderful results are so 
marked. 

Mrs. Suess then introduced Mrs. 
Mattison B. Jones, president of the Los 
Angeles District, who gave an excellent 
talk on "The Truth About Club Work." 
Mrs. Jones did not mince matters, but 
went into the most intimate details con- 
cerning the problems of the club work- 
ers, and especially the club presidents, 
who take their offices filled with ideals 
and plans to carry them out only to 
meet with numerous hindrances which 
occasion no end of worry to those in 
charge. Giving the slogan of the Y. W. 
C. A. "Now; for Our Girls." Mrs. 
Suess then introduced Mrs. Evelyn B. 
Keck, of San Francisco, who was for- 
merly general Y. W. C. A. secretary. 
Mrs. Keck took up in succession the 



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The CLUBWOMAN 



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various departments of work in which 
the Y. W. C. A. is engaged in this re- 
construction peroid. 

Mrs. Florence Willets then claimed 
the attention of the ladies while she 
read a resolution, endorsing the"League 
of Nations." This was duly adopted 
and a copy was ordered sent to the 
United States Senate; 

A message of loving symapthy was 
then drafted and voted sent to Mrs. E. 
R. Brainerd of Los Angeles, state 
chairman of the Woman's Liberty 
Loan, who has just lost her son. Short 
talks were given by Mrs. Henry De 
N)'se, of Riverside, and Mrs. Florence 
Dodson Schoneman, both of whom 
are always warmly welcomed by the 
club women. 

The meeting was one of the most 
successful sessions of the year, and it 
served as a sort of reunion of the club 
women of the district after their months 
of lessened club activities. 



During the session of the regular 
board meeting of the San Bernardino 
County Federated Clubs, which will be 
held in Colton on the third Tuesday in 
March, the nominating committee will 
meet at the home of Mrs. D. W. Wil- 
lets. 



Nineteen year's of active club work 
have just been passed by the Santa Ana 
Woman's Club and the important event 
was appropriately celebrated with a 
birthday party. 



ruary 1st, at El Centro. The reports of 
the Club presidents showed that the 
club women of Imperial Valley had not 
been slackers. They had been active in 
all forms of war work and in local re- 
lief for the sick during the epidemic of 
influenza. 

The address on Americanization, by 
the Rev. Benjamin Darnielle, and the 
Travelogue, "Singapore to Paris," b)' 
Mrs. W. O. Johnson, were the two 
principal features on the program. 
The following officers were elected : 
President, Mrs. Warren Currier, 
Holtville; Vice-President, Mrs. L L. 
Glasby, Calexico ; Recording Secretary, 
Mrs. H. L. Fulton, Brawley; Corre- 
sponding Secretary, Mrs. R. W. Ritter, 
Holtville ; Treasurer, Mrs. Vaughn 
Francis, El Centro ; Auditor, Miss 
Doroth}^ Marion, Imperial. 



California History and Landmarks 
were the subjects discussed at the 
Brawley Woman's Club on Saturday, 
February 8. The members answered 
roll call with Landmarks of the Val- 
ley. 

Miss Olga Nofziger gave a paper on 
California history. Mrs. Holmes E. 
Ramsdell talked of "Landmarks" and 
a poem was read by its author, Mrs. D. 
C. Huddleston. 



Club activities are at high tide at 
San Diego, and many clubs are making 
up for lost time on account of the influ- 
enza. 



Imperial County Federation of The Mothers' Club of San Diego en- 

Women's Clubs met on Saturday, Feb- dorsed the resolutions of the General 



IF YOU ARE LOOKING FOR 
PURE HIGH GRADE EVAPOR- 
ATED MILK USE 

Alpine 



Bradley Kuhl Company 

Agents 




Manufacturer! of 



HOME-MADE 



HIGH-GRADE FLOUR 

AND ALL KINDS OF CEREALS 

Lot Angeles, Cal. 



32 



The CLUBWOMAN 



Federation of Women's Clubs regard- 
ing a league of nations at its last regu- 
lar meeting. At this same session Mrs. 
R. F. Taffel, recently of Phoenix, Ariz., 
gave an interesting paper entitled, "Pa- 
triotism in Terms of Woman's Civic 
Responsibility." 



The San Diego Club Department of 
Economics and Civics met Monday aft- 
ernoon, February 9, at the Clubhouse. 
The meeting was presided over by Mrs. 
Frank W. Lane. A variety of subjects 
was included in the interesting pro- 
gram, among them being a talk on 
England by Mrs. C. H. Bartholomew ; 
a paper on "Home Cleaning and Its 
Process," and "Parliamentary Law," 
discussed by Mrs. Frank Warren 
Moore. Mrs. Ida Morgan gave a talk 
on "Salads and Salad Dressings." 



LOS ANGELES DISTRICT 



Mrs. H. S. DufHeld, 
Press Chairman 



On the long list of "achieved results" 
to be placed to the credit of our district 
president, Mrs. Mattison B. Jones, the 
establishment of official headquarters 
should stand well to the fore. Modest 
as it is, it has become a very live cen- 
ter of organized effort — a clearing 
house, as it were, for the big and little 
clubs alike, the former bringing to it in 
the spirit of service, inspiration and 
helpful suggestions, born of their larg- 
er experience and opportunities ; the 
latter drawing from it a revivifying in- 
fluence and enlarged vision. It is the 
meeting place of the many department 
conferences that have featured this 
year's work ; there executive sessions 
are sometimes held, and, there, too, 
committies find it convenient to gath- 
er for the discussion and formulation of 
plans. A telephone has been installed 
for the use of workers and visitors, and 
the following federation secretaries 
have volunteered to "keep house," each 
giving one day a month of her time : 
Mrs. G. T. Hanley, Mrs. Ray Smith, 
Mrs. H. D. Final, Mrs. E. P. Street, 
Mrs. S. B. Watson, Miss Eda S. Des- 
sau, Mrs. W. A. Galentine, Mrs. Mar- 



geryA. Ford, Mrs. C. B. Morse, Mrs. S. 
O. McFadden, Mrs. D. Z. Garner, Mrs. 
T. W. Roberts, Mrs. Edna Phillips, 
Mrs. W. I. Clendenon, Mrs. Jay F. Her- 
rington, Mrs. S. C. Hichborn, Mrs. G. 
H. Crane, Mrs. John Everson, Mrs. F. 
W. Wilkinson and Mrs. H. J. Coger. 
Club members who have not as yet 
found their way thither are invited to 
visit the office, 618 Chamber of Com- 
merce Building. A cordial welcome 
awaits each and every one. 



Indications point to one of the larg- 
est ingatherings in the history of the 
district at the district convention at 
Hollywood, April 7, 8 and 9. The capa- 
bilities of the Hollywood Woman's 
Club as hostess have been proven, and 
no anxiety need be felt that it will not 
live up to its well-earned reputation on 
this occasion. The program building is 
also in experienced hands, and it is safe 
to predict that a new note will be 
sounded and a new standard of excel- 
lence will be realized. 



The drama and stage society of the 
Wa-Wan Club s:ave an excellent ac- 
counting of itself recently when it pre- 
sented two one-act plays, by Florence 
Pierce Reed before a Gamut Theatre 
audience. 



An effort is being put forth by the 
Van Nuys Woman's Club to provide 
itself with a club home, which, when 
realized, is to be a real community cen- 
ter, according to the plans of its presi- 
dent, Mrs. Carl Barkla. 



Under the leadership of its president, 
Mrs. C. I. Ritchie, the Highland Park 
Ebell Club has accomplished a prodig- 
eous amount of war work during the 
past year. Various phases of local re- 
lief work has likewise been carried on 
and an interest maintained in the study 
sections. 



Mrs. Lillian B. Spannagel, president 
of the Long Beach College Woman's 
Club, is directing a very definite pa- 
triotic work in looking after the needs 
of the returned soldiers and sailors. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



33 



"I'M-THRU-ENZA" GERM 

With the cessation of hostiHties, a 
new epidemic has appeared. It is known 
as "I'm-thru-enza," and very peculiarly 
its ravages are confined to war workers 
only. 

The initial symptom is a sense of 
lassitude — a feeling of "What's the 
use? It's all over. Why should I do 
war work ?'' 

Steps are being taken to isolate the 
germ — also those who are carrying it. 
The epidennic is not widespread ; never- 
theless its advance must be stemmed. 

"Cold feet" is a marked symptom. 
Another indication of the presence of 
the germ is forgetfulness (that the boys 
are still over there.. 

The victim, as a rule, cannot concen- 
trate the mind (on war work). The 
sight becomes impaired (can't see so- 
licitors for war relief funds). The ears 
become affected (can't hear the appeals 
of the world for food). 

Heart doesn't beat as it used to, and 
in advanced stage that organ seems 
turned to stone. 

A vaccine consisting of equal parts of 
tincture of I-won't quit and good Amer- 
ican spirits, a dash of patriotism and a 
pack of pep is effective. 

—Quoted by Mrs. H. A. Cable. 



AMERICANIZATION 

WORK NEEDED 

In a recent issue of The California 
Liberator appears an article by State 
Bank Commissioner Charles F. Stern, 
in which is described the following con- 
ditions in Sonoma and Marin Coun- 
ties : "Travel for miles along the State 
highway through the holdings of the 
Italian-Swiss Colony— the Asti Vine- 
vards — and vou travel through a Little 
Italv, a replica of agricultural Switzer- 
land. You travel through communities 
where English is not spoken, where the 
ideals of America are unknown, where 
living standards are those of the Peon 
labor of Europe." 

And the sad comment is that it has 
taken a war, the most fearful in the his- 
tory of the world, to arouse us to a 
sense of the danger to our Republic of 
such conditions as are described by Mr. 
Stern. 



Ralphs Grocery Co. 



SELLS FOR LESS 



(Highest Quality Goods) 



PEERLESS 
LAUNDRY COMPANY 

All That the Name Implies 

AS TO 
FAMILY WASHING, FAMILY STYLE 

Main Street at Slauson Ave. 
Home 27961 South 6518 



The Liberty Cow 



The Milk Goat is America's Liberty Cow 
in every sense of the word — she provides a 
pure milk, at less cost, than a cow. 

The average milk goat will give 3 quarts 
of milk a day at a cost not to exceed lOc 
per day for feed or 3^/3 for each quart of 
milk, which retails at 25c and 30c per quart, 
making a profit of 65c a day at the lowest 
estimate. 

Goat's milk puts roses in the children's 
cheeks and you do not have to worry about 
TUBERCULAR GERMS. 

THE GOAT WORLD is the only magazine 
published in the English language devoted 
exclusively to the Milk Goat Industry. 

THE GOAT WORLD is the official maga- 
zine for the A. M. G. R. A. and the A. G. S. 

Send lOc for a sample copy, or $L00 for 
a year's subscription. 

THE GOAT WORLD PUBLISHING CO. 
Box 8C Baldwin Park, Cal. 



34 



The CLUBWOMAN 



ELIZABETHAN FES- 
TIVAL PLANNED 



S8»x9X8»:9»:8xe»sx8»3:«e»:«8»»Dece»3:f 



An Elizabethan festival, aimed at in- 
troducing folk dancing in California 
communities as a simple and universal 
form of recreation and entertainment, 
is planned for the summer session of 
the University of California in Berke- 
ley, according to Samuel J. Hume, di- 
rector of the Greek theater. The festi- 
val will include all of the traditional fig- 
ures, Jack-in-the-Green, the Wild 
Worm, St. George, a group of and 
many others. 

It will be under the direction of 
Theodore Veiham. 




WOMEN INTERNS 

FOR HOSPITAL 



Beginning June 1, 1919, and for the 
first time in the history of the 
University of Pennsylvania, women 
physicians will be accepted as interns 
in the University Hospital. The onl)' 
restrictions being that there shall be 
but two women physician interns at 
one time and that both shall be medi- 
cal graduates of the University of 
Pennsylvania. 



7^^/ 1 
rienim 

Incense 

3Boxes 3\^rie"ties 
Sent by Mail for $1.00 

The burning of fragrant mceuse is an ancient 
Oriental custom now very popular in America. 
In the home its fragrance suggests purity and 
luxury. In the apartment it dispels the odor 
of cooMng. In the sick room it refreshes and 
soothes. People who travel fliid it delightful 
for creating a fragrant atmosphere in. the 
strange room. 

Its charm is fascinating. A stick a day keeps 
ihe blues away. 

Just clip out this advertisement and pin a 
dollar bill to it. or send only your name and 
address with $1.00 enclosed. We will send you 
by Parcel Post 3 Boxes; 3 Varieties— EgiTitian 
liitus, Arabian Spice, and Orange Flower, 
References — Any Los Angeles Bank. 

J. H .MrNASSIAN & CO . 
Dept. F. 802 S. Flgueroa St. Los Angeles 



k. 



i 



o<^o©<«hx><«>oo?xhX8:>o<m:mx^ 




ClubhiujRJitt— ti is UKir Jjelisf JtJiejr initestigftticn titat eatlt 
r«ijrEse«ts ilte test in kis i:ES|tci;Jitee Ii«e. ^ ^ ^ 

W-t: Esijccmll^ asl: iltai x\n\x xxttvahzx^ far logjrl in ^\xz 
(SlttJjhHJtttatt— make a :poittt xif traiimg toitit uur aitteriiseirs. 

Site OTEirrltajit appretistes guur lj«si«e3s, nnh. gti«r tn-upEra- 
tiutt iff tltta htill make a pjjiii«:f»l magazine pcssiUe. 



State Lilorary . 

Sacrp-rrento, ^ax. 




Official Orjan of the 

California ^deration o^ 

Women's Cluts 

Composed of over 40000 Members 




oApril, 1919 
Vol. XI. No. 7 





Its quality has been definitely 

maintained to the same high 

standard for over a quarter 

century 




/Atomaxic 

I)etictbak\ati3i 



605 



The Clubwoman 



Hyde Park, Cal, 
Box 3 



Official Organ of the California Federation of Women's Clubs 

Composed of Over 40,000 Members 

PUBLISHED MONTHLY 

OFFICES 

Los Angeles, Cal. 

Brack Shops 

Telephone 79638 Connecting All Departments 



San Francisco, Cal. 
1942A Hyde St. 



DR. LOUISE HARVEY CLARKE, State Chairman and Southern Federation Editor, 1046 Orange St., Riverside 
MISS JESSICA LEE BRIGGS, State Chairman and Northern Federation Editor, 1942A Hyde St., San Francisco 
MRS. J. A. MATTHEWS, Club Representative, Brack Shops, Los Angeles 

Copy from the Clubs Must be Sent to the District Press Chairmen. 
Subscription Price in California Fifty Cents the year. Ten Cents the 
Copy. Entered at the Hyde Park Postoffice as second-class matter. 

iniiiiMrriMiiiMniiuiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiuliijrNiiiinniiiiiiiniiiijruiinMiiiniiinullniiiiiMliuiMinMliiiMiiiniiiunillllllliiMlllllllllliliillillllliiiiiiiiiiiiiiiilliiiiiiiirniiiiiiiilltllliriilllirilllllllllllllllllllitiil 



MOROSCO THEATRE 

BROADWAY NEAR EIGHTH 

Now Playing 

"XHe Walk-offs" 



COMING 
'Daddy Liong L_egs' 



£iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiirtiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiriiiiiiiiiMiir!iiiiiiiiiriiiiiiiiiiiiiit£ 

I A Woman's Shop | 

I in a Man's Store | 

3 5 

I Where men really feel "at home" I 

= in selecting gifts to please the | 

I women. Suggest it to the men | 

I folks in your family. = 



= Spring near Sixth = 

~ji(iiiiiiiiiitiiiiiriiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiriiiiiriiiiiiHiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiriiiiiiiir 



i!iiif;;= 



j IVIillion Dollar Theatre 

I Broadway at Third 

= Coming 

1 • ELSIE FERGUSON 

= irt 

= "The Marriage Price" 

I CHARLES RAY 

5 in 

g ''Greased Lightening" 

I DOUGLAS FAIRBANKS 

= in 

M "Knickerbocker Buckereau" 




GRAND AT SEVENTH 



The CLUBWOMAN 



^uiiiiiiiiirMiiiiitiiiiiiniti iiiiniiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiriMiiiiiiiiiriiiiiiHriiiiniiiiiiiiiiirriiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiMiiMiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiminnmiHiiiiiiiinimiuiii^^ 




The Vital 
Part 



The Sounding Board, that is the vital part 
of a Phonograph as it is of a Piano or Violin. 



If the sounding board is made of metal, as it is in most phonographs, common sense tells 
you the tone will be metallic. If it is made of thin sheets of veneering, with glue between, a 
character of construction sometimes used, you know also the tone waves will not carry, but fall 
dead and flat. The 

STARR PHONOGRAPH 
is the only Pho'nograph which uses neither metal nor veneer in the tone chamber, all parts of 
which are made of solid pieces of silver grain spruce, the wood used for centuries in violin and 
in piano sounding boards. 

Hear the Starr before you buy. If inconvenient for you to call we will gladly give you a 
demonstration in your own home. p 

%\)t ^tarr ^iatto Company 

FACTORY SALESROOMS 
630 South Hill Street, Los Angeles, Cal. 



^(iiiiiiiimiHmHHinHntimniiunuiHiiiMimtttiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinriiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinii 



w 



% 



Why Try to Do 

What a Bank Can Do? 

A BANK'S BUSINESS is to safely invest money, 
protect property, and make it productive. 

If you have investments, property, money for which you 
want to get the maximum return, consistent with absolute 
safety, with relief from worry— a consultation with one of 
the Officers in our Trust Department might disclose to you a 
great variety of possibilities of service— open in no other way. 






SAVINGS 



COMMt:RCIAL. 



OLDEST AND LARGEST SAVINGS BANK. 
IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA 



SECURITY CORNER 
FIPl-U AND SPBINQ 



EQUITABL.E BRANCH 
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ii 



S 




Editorial Notes 7 

State President's Letter 9 

General Federation 10 

California Conference of Social Agencies 11 

Department of History and Landmarks : 

On the Road to San Diego 13 

Birthplace of California 14 

Department of Literature : 

Reading List for April 16 

Department of Country Life : 

Good Roads Everywhere IS 

The Farm Bureau and \\'omen 19 

The Melting Pot 22 

District News : 

Southern , 23 

Los Angeles 24 

Northern 25 

San Joaquin Valley 26 

San Francisco 27 

Women's Reconstruction Program 29 

The Roosevelt Memorial Fountain 30 

Home Department 31 

Reconstruction for Women 33 




The CLUBWOMAN 



The "Patio" at 
"Ramona's Marriage 
Place." 




"Ramona's Marriage 
Place" (exterior) as 
it appeared when 
visitetl by Helen 
Hunt Jackson. 




Old Mission, situ- 
ated in Mission 
Valley, San Diego, 
California. 



The CLUBWOMAN 




TX HE California Federation of Women's Clubs 
endorses the merchants whose advertisements 
appear in The Clubwoman — it is our belief after in- 
vestigation that each represents the best in his respec- 
tive line. 

We especially ask that club members be loyal to 
The Clubwoman — make a point of trading with our 
advertisers. 

The merchant appreciates your business, and 
your co-operation in this will make a powerful mag- 
azine possible. 



EDITORIAL NOTES 



Proud of Record of California's First 
Assemblywomen 



By E. P. Clarke 

Chairman State Board of Education. 
I have been much interested in see- 
ing something' of the four women mem- 
bers of the assembly in action and want 
to say that the women of the State 
have reason to be proud of the first 
representatives of the sex to sit in the 
Legislature of California. They are 
showing capability of a very high order 
and are commanding the respect and 
confidence of the leaders and veteran 
members of the assembly to a remark- 
able degree. I attended a public hear- 
ing on an educational measure a few 
nights ago in the Assembly chamber, 
which was presided over by Mrs. 
Hughes of Oro\'ille, Cliairman of the 
Committee on Education. She cer- 
tainh' makes an ideal presiding officer, 
alert, courteous and alile. She inits 
business through her committee in a 
way that wins the highest praise. The 
other women members — Mrs. Savior of 
Berkelev, Mrs. Doris of Bakersfield and 



Miss Broughton of ]\Iodesto — are also 
"making good" in most unqualified 
manner. Miss Broughton is a tiny, 
girlish thing, l)ut when she asks a 
question in committee, she shows a 
real legal mind (she is an attorney and 
I should guess a good one). She pre- 
sided one day in the Asembly in a most 
acceptable manner. 

It is a striking and gratifying evi- 
dence of progress in California that 
these women pioneers in the field of 
legislation are accepted in their new 
positions by the men who are their 
associates with every evidence of equal- 
ity and respect. 



A LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS 



Mrs. Katherine Phillips Edson, just 
home from the St. Louis Jubilee of the 
National Woman's Suffrage Associa- 
tion, where she represented California 
women, reports the following: 

The National American Woman's 
Suffrage Association created within it- 
self a house of voters to be known as 
the National League of ^^'omen Voters. 



8 



The CLUBWOMAN 



Every State Suffrage Association be- 
comes automatically a member of the 
league when the State gets either full 
or presidential suffrage. In those 
States where women vote and where 
the suffrage organizations have not 
been kept intact, memberships in the 
National League of Women Voters 
may be had through individuals or 
through existing organizations. 

The organization is strictly non- 
partisan and in no sense a woman's 
party. Its primary purpose is the soli- 
darity of women to promote by Na- 
tional and State Legislation better con- 
ditions for women and children, educa- 
tionally, in civil rights, and particularly 
the conditions governing women and 
children in industr3^ 

Mrs. C. H. Brooks of Kansas has 
been made president of the Voters' 
League. California women are organ- 
izing to be a part of it, their quota of 
the national budget needed to carry on 
the work being pledged $1000. 



A STUDY IN HOME ECONOMICS 



"Woman's Responsibility in the 
Home and Community" is the title of 
a little book compiled by Mrs. Clar- 
ence M. Haring b,f Berkeley, Sltate 
Chairman of the Department of Home 
Economics. 

To make Home Economics interest- 
ing is a worthy task, but to embody 
in it the real art of Home Making is 
an achievement. Mrs. Haring has ac- 
complished both. The book is dedicated 
to our President, Mrs. Herbert A. 
Cable, "who has through her confidence 
given the inspiration for this second 
publication of the Home Economics 
Department, California Federation of 
Women's Clubs, 1918-1919." 

The preface gives the purpose and 
hope for service of this book by its 
author. In closing she says, "If this 
little book is able to give our club a 
vision of larger responsibilities for the 
year 1919 and of opportunities for par- 
ticipation in broader community serv- 
ice, it will have accomplished its pur- 
pose." 

The "Greeting to Clubwomen" from 
Ralph P. Merritt, in which he gives 



credit for much of the success of the 
State Food Administration to the de- 
voted service of the club women of the 
California Federation, was published 
in the February Clubwoman. 

It is Mrs. Haring's good fortune to 
be able to present a foreword by Dr. 
Thomas F. Hunt, Dean of the College 
of Agriculture, University of Cali-- 
fornia. Dean Hunt treats of the 
"Economic Conditions at Home and 
Abroad ; A Forecast of Supply and De- 
mand." 

Mrs. Haring divides her subject into 
four parts. The first treats of "Post- 
bellum Opportunities for Club and 
Comunity Service." The second. "The 
A'Vork of the Homemaker Magnified by 
the War" ; the third, "Practical Courses 
for Club AVomen," and the fourth plans 
for serious individual or class study for 
club women. It is the best and most 
comprehensive guide to the study of 
Home economics for club women that 
has so far been compiled. 

Paul Elder and Company are the 
publishers of the "Little Book," and 
this insures its artistic and perfect 
make-up. 



NOTICE TO CLUB PRESIDENTS 

If any club has not received its Nom- 
inating Ballot write at once to Mrs. L. 
B. Hogue, Ventura, asking that an- 
other ballot be sent. All Nominating 
Ballots must be in the hands of the 
Nominating Board — Mrs. L. B. Hogue 
Chairman — by April 15. There is no 
time to lose. Attend to this matter 
now. 



SAVED FROM THE RUMMAGE 



"Oh, John," sobbed Mrs. John, "I've 
done something awful, and I'm almost 
afraid to tell you — but I must ! I made 
a most awful mistake this morning and 
sent your new dress suit to the rum- 
mage sale instead of the old one, and 
when I found out what I had done and 
ran over to get it back it had been 
sold." 

"That's all right, Mabel, dear," said 
John amiably, "I stopped in at the sale 
mvself and bought it back for 35 cents." 



The CLUBWOMAN 



STATE PRESIDENT'S LETTER 



Dear Club Members: 

Convention engagements have be- 
gun ! The opening gun was fired when 
the Northern District convened at 
Chico, March 26-28, and the Los An- 
geles District, Alameda District, and 
San Francisco Districts will follow in 
rapid succession, the second week of 
April. 

The San Joaquin Valley District will 
continue the firing from the 23rd of 
April, all of which will lead up to the 
"great drive" of the State Convention 
to be held in Coronado in May. 

At this time the Southern District, 
the San Diego County Federation, the 
State Executive Board, speakers of re- 
nown, and representative club women 
from all parts of the State will join 
forces to make the May "engagement" 
the greatest in the historj' of the Cali- 
fornia Federation, where we may "ad- 
vance the line'' of all good work. 

If there are any who are pessimistic 
concerning club work, I hope they will 
attend these conventions. 

There was encouragement and inspi- 
ration in every session of the Northern 
District Convention. The attendance 
was splendid and there was an under- 
current of deep and earnest realization 
of the problems of the day, and a 
quickened sense of personal responsi- 
bility that surely means "Regenera- 
tion," which was the keynote of the 
convention program. 

And what a welcome the club women 
of Chico bestowed upon their guests. 
"Southern hospitalitv" surely has its 
exemplification in "Northern Cali- 
fornia." 

A few of the official guests were 
housed at the "Oaks," a beautiful new 
hotel, but for the most part, the dele- 
gates were entertained in the homes of 
Chico, and it was an entertainment 
that did not make of you a guest, but 
a member of the family for the time 
being. 

One of the pleasures offered to the 
delegates was a ride through a charm- 
ing: bit of mountain scenerv, waved 
friendly greetings as we passed by the 
outspread arms of the beautiful oak 



trees, whose scarred and gnarled 
branches but attest their long and faith- 
ful years of growth and service ; nodded 
to shyly by the "shooting stars," 
"Johnny-jump-ups," wild lillies, and 
dainty maidenhair ferns ; attended all 
the way by a glistening, gleaming, 
merry, musical mountain stream, which 
finally led us to Richardson's Springs, 
a famous health resort, where we mar- 
velled anew at the wondrous way in 
which Nature affords healing to the 
suft'erings and sorrows of men. 

For as the mineral springs offer 
health and strength to the body so, too, 
does the beauty of God's "out-of-doors" 
and the quiet, the grandeur, the endur- 
ance of His "everlasting hills" offer 
peace and promise to the mind and 
spirit. 

The luncheon tendered the delegates 
by the clubs of Chico, and the break- 
fast served at the State Normal School 
by the Department of Home Econ- 
omics further evidenced the hospitality 
of Chico and the co-operation of the 
community in such hospitality. 

J\Iay I at this time express my deep 
appreciation of all the courtesies ex- 
tended to me at Chico. 

Most sincerelv, 
(Mrs. Herbert A.) 
BERTHA L. CABLE. 



EASTER 
CORSETS 



Whether one wishes to pay 
$25 or $2.50 we are prepared 
to supply the very latest ideas 
in correct corsets and fitting. 



Newcomb's Corset Shop 

623 South Broadway 



The CLUBWOMAN 



GENERAL FEDERATION 



Letter to the State President From 
Mrs. Josiah Evans Cowles, Pres- 
ident of the General Federa- 
tion of Women's Clubs 



My Dear State President : 

Ere this you will have received the 
authorized statement from Mrs. G. W. 
Plummer, Secretary of the Executive 
Committee, respecting our official or- 
gan, the General Federation Magazine. 

It is my desire to add a personal 
appeal for this hand-maid of the Feder- 
ation, which can be such a power in 
helping to unify and strengthen the 
Avork of our organization. It cannot 
properly function without adequate 
support. 

First : It must have money with 
which to meet promptly financial obli- 
gations, thus maintaining credit in the 
business world. Advertising and sub- 
scriptions are the only sources from 
which to draw. 

One State has fully redeemed its 
Biennial subscription pledge. Cannot 
others do likewise before the Asheville 
Council meeting? IThose Presidents 
who made no definite pledges will 
surely wish their constituent clubs to 
be kept in as close touch with the Fed- 
eration as are clubs of other States. 
They should try to secure at least one 
subscription per club. 

-Many States have quarterly or 
monthl}^ journals, copies of which are 
courteously sent me. It occurs to me 
that these State publications have it 
within their grasp to render admirable 
co-operative service b)^ printing in each 
issue a standing notice of the General 
Federation Magazine. Can this not be 
speedily arranged? 

Second : It must receive from our 
club leaders vital messages that will 
be suggestive and inspiring to club 
women. Accounts of work accomp- 
lished should be brief and to the point. 
They should carry that subtle power 
thafholds attention and arouses emula- 
tion. 

Share vour achievements with fel- 



low workers in distant States. Do not 
be over-sensitive if your contributions 
are edited. This is a necessary pro- 
cess ; space and style must be con- 
served; the editor alone gets the pre- 
view, and strives to present each month 
a number that is above carping criti- 
cism. 

The Asheville Council meeting will 
be the most important of its kind in our 
history. Do not fail to attend and take 
part in the deliberation concerning the 
future of our work. It will require the 
combined wisdom of all loyal club 
women to prepare for the period of re- 
construction and prosperity now facing 
our country. Remember, State Presi- 
dents compose the Advisory Council, 
and I shall depend upon you to give 
of your best. 

Looking forward to greeting you. the 
last week of May, in "The Land of the 
Sky," 

Sincerelv yours, 

lONE V. H. COWLES. 

President. 



Mrs. John Dickinson Sherman, 
Chairman Conservation Department 
of the General Federation of Women's 
Clubs, has been appointed by Secretary 
Franklin K. Lane, Department of the 
Interior, as Special Assistant Director, 
United States School Garden Army, to 
work with women's organizations. 



HEALTH A PATRIOTIC DUTY 



We have learned that health is a 
patriotic duty : that the human owes 
it to himself, to his family, and to his 
country to be of normal growth, to 
achieve normal development, and to be 
vigorously healthy. And we have 
learned that it is the business of a Gov- 
ernment — Nation, State, or family — to 
make every reasonable provision for tht 
constructive hygiene of the individual 
so that he may achieve normal growth, 
normal development, and normal physi- 
ological usefulness. — Secretary Daniels. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



11 



CALIFORNIA STATE CONFERENCE SOCIAL 

AGENCIES 



"It is now December: we meet in 
April ; let us try to plan a program that 
will be useful in June." 

This sentiment was expressed by one 
of the members of the Program Com- 
mittee of the California State Confer- 
ence (if Social .\gencies, which is to 
meet in San Jose April 22 to 25. And 
it was this thought which led to the 
selection of the slogan for the coming 
Conference : "A Conference of Vision, 
not of Record." 

In drawing up the program the mem- 
bers of the committee, realizing that 
the war has established a thousand new 
points of view and has drawn into 
question many, if not all, of the old, 
set themselves to securing a discussion 
of those topics and problems which 
promised to be of the greatest import- 
ance in the immediate future. That 
the program of the coming Conference 
is, therefore, different in some .respects 
from preceding programs is to be ex- 
pected. 



The custom of holding section meet- 
ings during the day, and general ses- 
sions in the evening, has been adhered 
to. There will be sections devoted to 
the subjects of Social Hygiene, Mental 
Hygiene, Reconstruction Labor Prob- 
lems, Employment Problems, Welfare 
^^'ork in Department Stores and in 
Industries, Child ^^"elfare, Vocational 
Education, Socialized Education, Co- 
operative Systems and Societies, Rural 
Welfare, Americanization, Social In- 
surance, the Technique of Case Work, 
Protective Work for Women, Courts 
and Rehabilitation, Supervisors and So- 
cial Work, and the Red Cross. In 
each of these sections there will be 
three or four papers by men and women 
experienced in the fields in question, 
followed by discussion. All' sessions 
are open to the public. 

Round-tables or luncheon groups 
have been arranged for the discussion 
of particular topics. There is to be a 
luncheon for secretaries and executives 




Two 

Things to 
Remember: 

'^binson's IS 

A High Class Store 

%obinson's IS NOT 
A High Priced Store 



% WA. 31obin6on Co. 

SEVENTH AND GRAND 



12 



The CLUBWOMAN 



of social service organizations, a lun- 
cheon on Americanization, one on Day 
Nurseries .another on Standardization 
of Probation Work, and still another 
to discuss Girls' Clubs. 

A number of exhibits are being 
planned to show the system, the organ- 
ization or the character of work per- 
formed by various societies or State 
institutions. It is hoped that the Red 
Cross will place its traveling exhibit 
in San Jose at the time of the Con- 
ference. 

Several organizations are planning to 
hold their annual meetings at San Jose 
simultaneoush^ with the Conference. 
Among these are the District Parent 
Teachers' Association, the California 
Probation Officers' Association, and the 
Collegiate Alumnae Association. The 
Red Cross is devoting one section to 
its general interests, and is holding an 
all-day conference of its Home Service 
and Civilian Relief workers. The joint 
Institute of Santa Clara. San Benito. 
Monterey and Santa Cruz counties is 
also to be held in San Jose at the same 
time, and a plan of co-operation in the 
Institute program has been agreed 
upon. 

One afternoon and all of the evenings 
are devoted to general sessions, at 
which prominent citizens of the State 
and the nation will address the Con- 
ference and its visitors upon subjects of 
special importance to social workers. 
Not all of these have been finally 
selected, but it is possible to announce 
at this time that Mr. Paul U. Kellogg, 
editor of The Survey, is one of the 
guests of the Conference. The Survey, 



as is well known, is the leading organ 
of the social workers in the United 
States, and Mr. Kellogg, who has been 
its editor for a number of years, is un- 
doubtedly the best generally informed 
man upon social work in the country. 
He is to speak upon observations he 
made during the period of the war in 
Great Britain. 

Several of the previous sessions of 
the Conference, particularly the one at 
Santa Barbara last year, were largely 
attended. It may be imagined that, 
with the extensive program and the 
number of affiliated organizations, the 
attendance at San Jose should also be 
great. That a Conference of this char- 
acter, at this particular stage, is of the 
utmost importance, is obvious. It has 
a value not only for the social workers 
or the community in which it meets, 
but for all those who are interested in 
the orderly progress of society and in 
the correct solution of its problems. As 
such it deserves the support and the 
interest of all forward-looking citizens, 
and it is hoped that those who know of 
it will make it a point to attend, and by 
their presence make the Conference 
more worth while. 



A QUIET JOKER 



Wandering over a field one day a man 
came across a large stone inscribed : 
"Turn me over." 

After much difficulty he succeeded in 
turning it over and found on the under 
side of the stone the words:. "Now turn 
me back again, so that I can catch some 
other idiot." 



Exclusively at Coulter's in Los Angeles 

Lady DufF-Gordon (Inc.) Gowns and Dresses 

Original models of wondrous charm and individuality, for street, afternoon 
and formal wear. ^29.50 and more. 




SEVENTH STREET AT OLIVE 



The CLUBWOMAN 



13 



DEPARTMENT OF CALIFORNIA HISTORY AND 

LANDMARKS 



Mrs. Florence Dodson Schoneman, 
State Chairman 



"On the Road to San Diego" 



The delegates contemplating a motor 
trip to the State Convention have a 
treat in store if they will plan to go 
a da}' before or stay and spend the day 
after the close of the Convention — thus 
giving one day to seeing the historic 
landmarks on the road to San Diego. 

There are two routes from Los An- 
geles, the coast and the inland. The 
latter, via Riverside, Elsinor and Es- 
condido. The last named town cer- 
tainly merits its name as it lies hidden 
in those lovely hills which in May will 
be at their loveliest. 

The Auto Club signs keep one from 
going astray, and the club tells us, on 
inquiry, that although this route is not 
boulevard beyond Temecula, it is fairly 
good all the way. 

The coast route, of course, is the best 
known and most traveled, but I would 
advise going one wa}' and returning 
the other. Since the latter is nearly 
all boulevard, time can be made for 
stops. By leaving Los Angeles in the 
forenoon via the coast route a stop can 
be made first at the majestic ruins of 
San Juan Capistrano, farfamed bv its 
portrayal in our own Afission Plav : 
where one may lunch in true California 
style, as many native restaurants 
abound. Then on to Oceanside, where, 
if one is truly a lover of our wonderful 
heritage, the Misisons, a dive of eight ■ 
miles into the country will take you to 
the well-preserved San Luis Rey ^lis- 
sion. From this point one must return 
the eight miles to the main boulevard 
and proceed on south. As j^ou near 
La Tolla watch for the Torrey Pines. 
Thev stand like sentinels guarding the 
blufifs overlooking the sea. The rarest 
of. trees, known to scientists as Pinus 
Toneyana. are found in but one other 
place in the world, on the Santa Rosa 
Islands of the Pacific Ocean. These 



trees were found b)' Dr. J- J- Le Corte 
in 1850 and are named in honor of the 
great scientist, Dr. Torrey. 

Time should be saved to stop at La 
Jolla, truly a gem. Its emerald bay 
and the wonderous caves that are 
hone3--combed along its shores, de- 
fended by the cannon rocks, all Na- 
ture's landmarks of happy, peaceful. 
La Jolla, set like a jewel on sun- 
crowned hills, that rise far above the 
rugged shores of the blue Pacific. As 
you leave La Jolla you see Point Loma 
stretching into the sea, and by going 
via Ocean Beach a drive along its pal- 
isades and across its populated portion 
takes you into Old San Diego, known 
as "Old Town," but you must not stop 
for the day is now well spent, beside I 
wish the pleasure during the Conven- 
tion of telling vou about the landmarks 



NOTES! 



There are 
notes that vi- 
brate mu- 
sic — an d 
notes that 
carry charm. 
Barker Bros, 
can put the 
"note har- 
monious "into 
every home 
by the magic 
of their 
beautiful fur- 
- niture and 



May we make your home tuneful? 






'g S TAB Cl SHED- I 

T24-~3S South Jiroadirai/ 



14 



The CLUBWOMAN 



which will be visited by the delegates : 
some of which landmarks the Southern 
District Chairman has written of as we 
celebrate this year of 1919, the one hun- 
dred and fiftieth anniversary of our 
civilization. 

Adios Y FeUce Viaje, 
Florence Dodson-Schoneman. 



BIRTHPLACE OF CALIFORIA 

July 1, 1769 



"On this historic stretch of Western 

strand. 
By Serra first in California blessed 

land, 
The nations hail peace in friendly 

jubilee, 
California's one hundred and fiftieth 
anniversary." 

To visitors in California one of the 
most interesting features of its history 
is the chain of Old Missions, which ex- 
tends from San Diego in the South to 
Sonoma in the North. Built about 40 
miles apart, they are now connected 
bv a good road known as "El Camino 
Real.'' 

The work of building the Missions 
was done by the Indians under the 
direction of the Franciscan Fathers. 
Standing out clear-cut in the history of 
California is one of the greatest char- 
acters of all history. Father Junipero 
Serra. To him is given the credit of 
founding the California Missions. 

We are told that "just before noon 
on July 1st (1769), Father Junipero 
Serra arrived. If you will go to Old 
Town, twenty mintues' street car ride 
north from San Diego, you may set 
)'0ur foot on the very spot now made 
sacred to his memory. 

This brown-robed Franciscan was 
then 56 years of age and had been a 
Monk from his boyhood. 

"From the first moment he saw Cali- 
fornia he loved it, and as his eyes swept 
backward over the Bay of San Diego, 
shining blue against the sea, and in 
through the laughing valleys and tumb- 
ling hills of the ofT-shore, he claimed 
them all for the God whom he adored 
with the wild passion of his soul." 

"Fifteen days after his arrival. Father 
Serra sang the Mass from the top of the 




Cross at Old Town, San Diego 

hill where the Spaniard had erected a 
fort, the historic spot is. now known 
as Presidio Hill. The bonnie banner of 
Castile and Leon was unfurled to the 
winds, the guns fired a salute and a 
new city was born on the western 
. shores of a western world. They called 
it San Diego." 

At the fort of the Mission Valley 
stands the last of the three palms 
which Father Serra set out. One was 
taken up some years ago and sent East 
for the Chicago Exposition ; the second 
died. Above the one remaining palm 
stands out against the sky on Presidio 
Hill, the large cross built of old tile, 
erected to the memory of Father Juni- 
pero Serra, and the birthplace of Cali- 
fornia, as it was here he raised the 
cross. A little to the south of this cele- 
brated landmark is the marriage place 
of Ramona, made famous by Mrs. 
Helen Hunt Jackson, in her beautiful 
story, "Ramona." This interesting 
place is the old Estudillo house, which 
covers nearly a city block. The build' 
ing is of adobe brick, the walls of which 



The CLUBWOMAN 



15 



are from two to lour feet thick. The 
roof is of tile, resting on huge timbers 
brought from the Cuyamaca Mountains 
"on the shoulders of the Mission In- 
dians, who worked in relays and often 
carried 50-foot timbers a distance of 
forty miles in two days. The beams are 
bound together with rawhide thongs, 
no nails being used. Across the beams 
are laid the shoots Caresa fa tule grass 
from the neighboring creeks), and upon 
this is laid the Mission-curved tile, 
which formed gutters to drain the roof 
in the rainy season.'" 

Many of the treasures from the old 
San Diego ^lission have been placed in 
these rooms. "Seven of the Alission 
bells being on wooden beams in the 
Patio." For many years the old Estu- 
dillo chapel was the only place in San 
Diego for public worship. 

This home of pure Spanish architec- 
ture, built in 1825. became the favorite 
gathering place in the southern part of 
California, for "Spanish Grandees." 
The last of the three generations to oc- 
cupy the house moved to Los Angeles, 
leaving a keeper in charge. 

Souvenir hunters soon wrought 
havoc and the once beautiful place be- 
came a ruin. In 1910 it was restored 
by ]Mr. John D. Spreckles and is now 
one of the most attractive places in this 
part of the State. The Patio, with its 
wonderful garden, "\Mshing Well, old 
Spanish Oven, Alission Bells," all 
afford much interest for the tourist. 
Facing the Estudillo house is the "Old 
Town" Plaza. 

Here, General Fremont planted the 
first United States flag in Southern 
California, in 1946. A boulder and flag 
. now mark the site. 

Other points of interest in this "Old 
Town"' are the first Mission bells, 
brought from Spain ; the old graveyard, 
with its crumbling walls ; the first brick 
church in California (now protected 
with a wooden covering) ; "The Church 
of Immaculate Conception started in 
1869 by Father Uback (Father Gaspara 
in the novel, Ramona). and which was 
not completed until 1914" : the first jail, 
the Serra Cross, and first palm trees, 
already mentioned. 

ANNA M. W. CONNELL. 



NOW 

—I WONDER HOW 
SHE HAPPENED TO 
PUT THAT LAT- 
TICE THERE, AND 
THAT WHEAT 
THERE— 



—MAYBE SHE HER- 
SELF DOES NOT 
KNOW— (ONE 
SHOULDN'T AT- 
TEMPT TO EX- 
PLAIN ART AND 
HATS)— 



—BUT IF 
HADN'T— 



SHE 



THIS HAT 

— W O U L D NOT 
HAVE BEEN THE 
HAT IT IS— AND IF 
SHE HADN'T WHY 
ALL THESE OTHER 
HATS WOULD NOT 
HAVE BEEN AS 
THEY ARE — BUT 
THEY ARE— 
WHICH IS PERSON- 
AL AND BEAUTI- 
FUL AND NEW — 
AND THEY MAKE 
ONE THINK OF 
EASTER AND BUL- 
LOCK'S AGAIN AT 
THE SAME TIME— 

—THIRD FLOOR. 



LasAm^iMli^m 



16 



The CLUBWOMAN 



DEPARTMENT OF LITERATURE 



Frances M. Carlton-Harmon, 
State Chairman 



Reading List — April, 1919 



ECHOES OF THE AVAR 
Fiction — 

The Roll Call— Arnold Bennett. 

The Secret Citv— Hugh Walpole. 

The Rising of the Tide— Ida M. Tar- 
bell. 
Short Story — 

The Eyes of Asia — Rudyard Kipling. 
Translation — 

The Flving Poilii — Marcel Nedaud. 
Personal Narratives — 

America in France — Frederick Pal- 
mer. 

Red Triangle Girl in France — (An- 
onymous). 

With the Help of God and a Few 
Marines — A. W. Catlin. 

Yashka — ^laria Botchkareva. 

Six Red Months in Russia — Louise 
Bryant. 

The Peak of the Load— Mildred 
Aldrich. 
Essays — 

Another Sheaf — John Galsworthy. 
Poetry — 

The Sad Years — Dora Sigerson. 

Work-a-day AA'arriors — Joseph Lee. 

Hours of France in Peace and War — 
Paul S. Mowrer. 

Bugle Rhymes From France — P. M. 
Linebarger. 
The Forward Look — 

The Only Possible Peace— F. :M. 
Howe. (Commisisoner of Immi- 
gration, New York.) 

Our Common Conscience — G. A. 
Smith. (Distinguished English 
Scholar). 

Africa in the War — Benjamin Braw- 
ler. (■'Well-known Xegro AA'riter.) 
Books of Value — 

Rumania's Sacrifice — Gogu Xegul- 
esco. 

Serbia (Home Univ. Lib.) — L. F. 
Waring. 

Montenegro, Its History, Politics and 
War — Alexander Devine. 

The Biology of War — George F. 
Nicolai. 



BOOKS THAT CARRY FORWARD 
THE AMERICAN TRADITION 
OF LOCAL STUDIES 
Fiction — 

Birth (Wisconsin) — Zona Gale. 
Green Valley (Illinois) — Katherine 

Reynolds. 
Winds of Chance (Yukon) — Rex 

Beach. 
Smiting of the Rock (Oregon)- — 

Palmer Bend (pseud, for George 

Palmer Putnam). 
Poetry — 

Path on the R a i n b o w — George 

Cronyned. 
Songs and Chants of the American 

Indian, with valuable introduction 

by Mary Austin. 
AVoman's Voice — Josephine Conger 

Kaneko. (Covers a wide range of 

woman interests and is particularly 

commended to club women.) 
The Book of Lincoln — Mary AVright 

Davies. (Comp.) 
BOOKS THAT DISCUSS SOCIAL 

AND DOAIESTIC CONDITIONS 
Fiction — 

In the Heart of A Fool — AA^'illiaui 

Allen AVhite. 
The See-Saw — Sophie Kerr. 
City of Comrades' — Basil King. 
Shops and Houses — Frank Swinner- 

ton. 
Gregg — F. C. Springer. 
Dawn — Eleanor Porter. 
The Flail — Newton Fuessle. 



PRIMARY ELECTION MAY 6th 



FOR CITY ATTORNEY VOTE FOR 

HENRY JAMES 



at present Deputy City Attorney 

The logical man for the office; able, 
experienced, keen, vigorous and up- 
right. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



Translations — 

The Great Hunger — Johann Bojer 

(Danish). 
.\malia — Jose Marmol fSpanish). 
The Dead Command — Blasco Ibanez 

(Spanish). 
Short Stories — 

Free and Other Stories — Theodore 

Dreiser. 
Poetry — 

Colors of Life — Max Eastman. 
City Tides — A. A. Cotes. 
Essays — 
Adventures in Indigence — Laura 

Porter. 
Comforts of Home — Ralph Bergen- 

gren. 
Novel of Industrial Conditions — 

Out of the Shadow — Rose Cohen. 
Women's Position and Work — 

The Woman Citizen— :\r. B. S. Boyd. 
The Woman Citizen — Horace Hol- 

lister. 
\A'oman and the Sovereign State — 

A. M. Roy den. 
The American Girl and Her Com- 
munity — Margaret Slattery. 
Attention is called to — 

The Collected Edition of the Poems 

and Plays of John Masefield. 
The new volume (Vol. 5) in "The 

English Poets." edited by T. H. 

Ward, from Browning to Rupert 

Brooke. 
Plays of the Yiddish Theater (Sec- 
ond Series). — Isaac Goldberg. 
Washington: the Man A\'ho "Made 

LTs (Play). — Percy MacKaye. 
Historic Shrines of America — J. F. 

Faris. 



A HELP TO SHOPPERS 



\\ ilson & Co. announce the change of 
their former brands of ^fajestic Hams 
and Bacon to Certified Brands. This 
brand will be the highest grade carried 
by the large concern and goes to the con- 
sumer with the full meaning of the word 
"Certified" and the highest quality. 




art Scha 
V Clothes y 



Suggest that he buy 
his next suit from 
"the store with a 
Conscience." He'll 
get a Hart Schaffner 
& Marx all-wool 
fabric guaranteed to 
be satisfactory. 




the store 'with a Conscience" 

I y BROADWAY 
AT SIXTH 

Home of Hart Schaffner a: Marx Clothes 



The CLUBWOMAN 



DEPARTMENT OF COUNTRY LIFE 



Mrs. M. B. Church, State Chairman 



GOOD ROADS EVERYWHERE 
By Kate Church 

The importance of Good Roads can 
not be overestimated. 

Their addition to country life will be 
fulfilled in the future. 

The voice of the Past asserts that 
civilization is the history of transpor- 
tation and agriculture ; for National de- 
velopment has always kept step with 
national means of communication. 

The roads of the Roman Empire are 
a marvel at this age and did their part 
to aid Caesar in world conquest. 

The battle of the 3ilarne that turned 
the tide of war in the allies" favor could 
not have been so won had not the roads 
of France provided rapid transporta- 
tion. 

Good roads render universal service 
at all times. The}^ are a defense in 
times of war — a power for development 
as well as for preparedness in times of 
peace, and are their own best argu- 
ment. 

In rural communities the coming of 
permanent roads materially hastens the 
solution of all social and economic 
problems. 

They benefit both the country church 
and the rural school and provide a 
comfortable transportation for Farm 
Bureau leaders, the County Farm Ad- 
visor and the County woman agent. 
Good roads bring a desirable class of 
citizens to the communit}^ and by in- 
suring improved educational and so- 
cial advantages keep the country boy 
and girl on the farm to assist in solv- 
ing rural problems, thus aiding to es- 
tablish permanent agriculture. 

An efficient transportation system is 
the keynote to successful consolidation 
of schools. 

Comfortable transportation and 
communications by telephone removes 
isolation, the greatest drawback to 
country life. 

Roads aid also in a solution of the 
marketing problem. So necessary are 
good roads to the comfort, progress 
and well-being of the public, that from 



every quarter comes an insistent de- 
mand for a yet better system. 

The cities abound with highway as- 
sociations, let the rural communities 
discuss good roads in the farm centers 
and appoint committees to organize 
road clubs to co-operate with county 
boards, to secure better roads, for as yet 
comparatively little benefit has been re- 
ceived from highway appropriations by 
country dwellers. 

The conditions of country roads and 
the difficulties connected with their 
permanent improvement should be gen- 
erally understood, because the field of 
production constitutes too vital a part 
in the economic department of our 
country, to be neglected. 

The first ten miles of road between 
the place of production and the ship- 
ping point causes a marked advance in 
the consumer's cost of living. 

Investigation proves that 5,000,000,- 
000 tons of freight is moved over these 
roads annually at an average cost per 
ton mile of 23c. 

On good roads the cost would be less 
than 8c per ton-mile, which means a 
saving of 15c per ton-mile. 

Should one-fourth only of the orig- 
inal cost be thus saved, it would aggre- 
gate $3,000,000,000 a year, or six times 
the annual cost of the roads, and an 
asset to both producer and consumer. 

In the period of readjustment the 
United States will exert her previous 
war-time energy to increase production 
and manufacturing, not only to relieve 
the existing conditions in Europe, but 
to command her rightful position in the 
world commerce. 

The greatest aid in the prosecution 
of this great work would be : 

A national system of permanent 
roads, to afford efficient communication 
between the field of production and the 
factory, the rural community and the 
populous centers, the producer and the 
consumer. 

Co-operation is the solution. 

The co-operative effort of Federal, 
State and County governments, work- 
ing simultaneously, will construct the 



The CLUBWOMAN 



19 



vast undertaking in the most econom- 
ical wa3\ 

Each state would thus be assured her 
rightful share of the greatest appropri- 
ation ever made by any nation in his- 
tory, for a similar purpose in a similar 
l)eriod of time. The Federal-Aid Road 
Act placed $580,000,000 for use immedi- 
ately on the National Highways, with 
pro^•isions for increased appropriations 
(luring a three year period. 

The Rural Post Road fund is also in- 
creased and a more liberal interpreta- 
tion of post road made. 

Now, when great numbers are being 
added to civilian life through the de- 
mobilization of the army, is the time to 
commence tfiis constructive work. 

The building of permanent roads 
calls for all grades of labor, in the 
actual work in hand and in factories 
supplying automobiles, trucks, road- 
making machinery, etc. 

What is particularly needed now is 
to urge Congress to pass enabling acts 
as soon as possible. 

Just what part of this great work for 
universal service will the women of 
America secure? 




THE FARM BUREAU— ITS POSSI- 
BILITIES FOR WOMEN 
By Mrs. H. E. DeNyse 

The Farm Bureau is a voluntary or- 
ganization of farmers with a one dollar 
a year membership, the directors of 
which meet once a month to discuss, 
outline and adopt policies and plans 
for co-operation within their county 
and state, whereby the difficulties of 
their work may be eliminated, new and 
better methods adopted for seeding, 
harvesting, storing and marketing of 
crops ; for better tools and equipment, 
better livestock and feeding methods, 
and better maintenance of all kinds. 
The Farm Bureau maintains a head- 
quarters in the county seat for the use 
of the farmer and his family. Here 
they meet their friends, use the tele-' 
phone, secure labor and buy and ex- 
change products, send and leave pack- 
ages, and feel at home generally. With 
three or more trained University work- 
ers always on the job the Farm Bureau 
headquarters is a hive of activity every 
minute. 

A little while ago our Clubwomen 
took a very great interest in the pass- 



EXPERT DRY CLEANERS 
AND DYERS 

50 Autos at Your Service 
32 Years Experience 




I A. H. KORNBLUM 

= President and General Manager 

I MAIN OFFICE AND PLANT 

1 Washington at Griffith Ave. 

I Phones South 675, 2 7981 



20 



The CLUBWOMAN 



age of a Federal bill called the Smith- 
Lever bill, which provided funds for 
a co-operative plan with states and 
counties for furthering Agriculture and 
Home Economics. 

After the passage of this bill we be- 
sieged our University for field workers 
in Home Economics to be operative 
under this plan. Up to now twelve 
regular Home Demonstration Agents 
have been employed in California un- 
der this fund and many specialists in 
expert lines. After the findings of the 
famous "Rural Life Commission" ap- 
pointed by President Roosevelt, and 
of which our own Mrs. Pennybacker 
was a member, a questionnaire was 
mailed to 4,000,000 farm women, ask- 
ing how the Department of Agriculture 
could aid in making life more attrac- 
tive on the farm. The answers came 
back : "Less drudgery, less loneliness, 
more conveniences and better educa- 
tional facilities," and as a result of 
these answers comes the County Home 
Demonstration Agent. 

If we have learned anything from 
the War we have learned that farming 
is BIG BUSINESS, the biggest busi- 
ness in the world today, for surely no 
one doubts that the determining factor 
in the peace of the world, the pivotal 
point in civilization today is the food 
supply. 

Now, while it may not seem to be so, 
and while many menfolks may be un- 
willing to admit that it is so, t"he great- 
est factor of a successful farm, gener- 
ally speaking, is the farm home and 
its environment. It must be so because 
agriculture is a life as well as a busi- 
ness. 

In order to establish and maintain a 
prosperous, successful farm there must 
be home life, comfort and contentment 
in the home. The women who dwell 
in the farm home must have "equal 
rights" or consideration with the live- 
stock, farm tools and general equip- 
ment, otherwise the one underlying 
thought and ambition is to get away 
from the farm into towns and cities. 

Here is where the town and city 
women must pause in their civic en- 
deavors and consider why it is possible 
for them to live in the towns and cities 



with electric lights, running water, 
heat and all conveniences, and many in 
greatest luxury. They must realize 
that they are absolutely dependent 
upon the country woman for this privi- 
lege, for when there are no women and 
children living on our farms, who will 
feed the city woman and her child? 

Like the Farm Adviser, the Home 
Demonstration Agent is a part of the 
Farm Bureau machinery. She is not a 
know-it-all sort of a person, but a rep- 
resentative of the State University and 
of the U. S. Department of Agricul- 
ture, with their knowledge' and equip- 
ment at her command. She is an ex- 
tension worker who receives and 
transmits information in many ways, 
through organizations, home and indi- 
viduals. Every year these field work- 
ers return to the University for a 
period of intensive training, when they 
meet with the Federal agricultural 
workers. All the improvements as well 
as the failures of the year are discussed, 
new ideas and methods presented, and 
plans for coming work outlined. 

During the War period, because of 
the great food emergency, these Home 
Demonstration Agents were worked 
overtime, so much so that they have 
been dubbed the "County Cooks, but 
demonstrations are not really the func- 
tion of this agent; she is supposed to 
come to us with certain theories and 
knowledge, and we women are to do 
the demonstrating in our own homes 
with our own equipment. However, 
we will come to that by and by now, 
that the ending of the war and the "flu" 
have given us an open season to pro- 
ceed calmly with regular plans of work. 

One of the things which every wo- 
man wants to do is to make extra 
money, and the farm ofTers such splen- 
did opportunities nowadays with milk 
and butter, eggs and produce at high 
prices. The Farm Bureau and Home 
Demonstration Agent furnishes the 
point of contact between the city wo- 
man and the woman on the farm, to 
the advantage of both, the long wished 
for direct line from producer to con- 
sumer. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



21 



The Home Demonstration Agent 
supplies experts in various lines to 
various groups and communities who 
desire them. She goes to the Farm 
homes, taking with her landscape gar- 
deners, interior decorators, milliners, 
dressmakers, poultry experts. These 
experts visit every part of the county, 
the Poultry Expert alone has saved the 
cost of the Home Demonstrator in our 
county by his assistance to folks in 
feeding and housing methods and cull- 
ing out the boarders. More than 350 in- 
terested people attended these poultry 
classes. A millinery and dressmaking 
class is open to the women. House 
plans, all sorts of farm buildings, house 
furnishings, colors and textiles, food 
and dietetics, new and economical 
equipment, iceless refrigerators, fire- 
less cookers, steam cookers for can- 
ning, simple devices for drying fruits, 
soap making from home fats, curing 
of olives, are some of the features the 
Home Demonstration Agent makes 
available to the women of the county. 
There are so many ways that a Field 
Agent can earn her pay and save the 



amount of the appropriation many 
times over, that all could not be men- 
tioned in a brief space. 

Back to the land is our safety valve 
and our safeguard in any world crisis. 
Here folks can live more easily, more 
slowly and more comfortably and with 
all our modern inventions, civilization 
comes to the very farm house door, and 
the future holds many blessings for the 
country home undreamed of in grand- 
mother's day. The Farm Bureau with 
its Home Demonstration Agent is an 
agency of the Federal Government, the 
state and the county, to aid the family 
on the farm to make the country home 
as attractive as the city home and to 
make the farm as profitable as possible. 




445 S. Broadway 

Garments for Women, Misses 
and Children 



TO THE CLUB WOMEN 

OF THE CITY OF LOS ANGELES. 

Ladies: 

During my experience in public office, both as a member of the Legislature and 
also of the City Council, I have learned to value very highly the suggestions of the 
active club women of the City on matters concerning the general v^elfare of the 
community. 1 know that your activities are directed along those lines which tend 
toward the upbuilding of the best interests of the City, and 1 feel highly honored 
by the fact that I have enjoyed the confidence of some of the most influential women 
of the community. As long as I am in public office, I shall consider it a very great 
privilege to have your viewpoints on matters which may come before me for my 
official action. 

As a candidate for re-election to the City Council, I am seeking the support of 
those citizens of the City who are satisfied that my actions in the past have been for 
the general welfare of the City. I have tried at all times to be fair in my dealings 
with the public and have always been convinced in my own mind that my actions 
were expressing the views of the best citizens. Having lived twenty-five years in 
the City of Los Angeles, my whole interests are for the prosperity and upbuilding 
of this metropolis of the West, and I am naturally anxious to do my part toward 
making this City a mode! for others to follow. 

Yours very truly, 

BERT L. FARMER, 
BLF-RS. President City Council. 



22 



The CLUBWOMAN 



i.^..« w ^. .g ..>■■»■ .>..«..«».«»»».»..»».«.^.^..«.*».*—. 



Jessica Lee Briggs, San Francisco 



I 



!**>«< " <'** " > " > " » " •■ 



There is no question about President 
^Vilson being the man of the hour — 
the man of all men who today is writ- 
ing history. Another lin the presi- 
dential chair might have done equally 
well or better, but that is not the point 
at issue. Mr. Wilson is the man elected' 
by the people of America to represent 
them, and who can dare say that his 
administration has not been a wise one 
and a just one? 

It is gratifying to note that the 
women's organizations generally, are 
supporting the President. 



The Hon. Newton D. Baker, Secre- 
tary of War, made a flying trip to the 
western coast during March, and in ad- 
dressing such audiences as his time 
would permit, thrilled them with a 
feeling of loyalty and patriotism, — with 
that larger patriotism for which the 
American people have already proved 
themselves willing to sacrifice all other 
interests to uphold. 



The League of Nations, as Mr. Baker 
expressed it, is the "Gathering of the 
Fruits of Victory." 



It is refreshing in these days of in- 
tensive thought and action to turn to 
the little ones who are fast growing up 
to take our places in the home, the 
community — the world. It is said that 
the writing of a letter is an index to 
character. Following are two belated 
Christmas letters, the third being 
printed as a suggestion of how to save 
a drowning person. 



Swartwood, N. Dakota. 
February 10th, 1919. 
Dear Auntie : 

I don't know anything I ever did to 
deserve such lovely gifts. Is the work 
on the bag "lover's knot?" I have seen 
much of it but was never sure of the 
name. 

Since mamma wrote her letter we 



have all become relatives. I am the 
proud aunt of a 9 lb. 6 oz. nephew — 
Earl's and Madge's baby. He was 
born Wednesday at 7:35 a. m. He is 
named James after Madge's father. 

Papa is always calling mamma 
"grandma" now, and the same with the 
rest of us, only we are not all grand- 
ma's. 

The past week I have written a short 
sketch of the life of Roosevelt, and 
made up a story about someone in the 
war. This is for our imagination. The 
title of it is, "Tin Lizzie Tom." He is 
a member of the Ambulance Corps ; 
therefore his name. 

We are working on a debate — "Re- 
solved : That City Life Is Better Than 
Country Life." I am on the country 
side. 

We have had only three months' 
school on account of the "flu." 

Bushels of love from. 

Your loving neice, 

JOSEPHINE ETHEL. 



Pasadena, Cal. 
February 4th, 1919. 
Dear Aunt Agnes : 

How are you and Uncle Harry? I 
have a cold. 

Do you care anything about this 
letter? 

I got 100 in spelling one day. 

Every time I read I can put a picture 
in my book, so you come down some 
day with me and see. 

I am 7 this )'ear. I got a pen and 
some day I will write with it. I got 
a cupie. It's dressed in pink and 
green, but it's cute. We knew it was 
cute. 

We are going to a concert tonight. 
I do not like to go. 

I got a ring for my hand. I got a 
new dress. 

Oh, I do not know more now. AVhat 
shall I say? Dear, dear me suds! 1 
do not know ! 

SARAH JEANETTE. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



23 



DISTRICT NEWS 

SOUTHERN DISTRICT NEWS 



By Verna Gates Hosfelt 
Press Chairman 



^Irs. Florence Dodson Schoneman, 
president of the San Bernardino County 
Federated clubs, held her last official 
board meeting at Colton on Tues- 
day afternoon, March 18. There was 
a splendid attendance and through- 
out the meeting there was an un- 
dercurrent of real sorrow that the 
time for the closing of Mrs. Schone- 
man's regime was so close. The 
date of the annual election was set for 
April 15th, when the County Convention 
will be held at Grand Terrace. The club 
women attending the Convention will 
take a basket lunch, and hot tea and cof- 
fee will be served by the hostess club. 
Several bills now before the legislature 
which vitally affect women, among them 
being the Community Property Bill, the 
]\Iilk Bill and Industrial Farm for De- 
linquent Women, were all brought before 
the women by Mrs. Henry Goodcell, who 
was acting for Mrs. J. W. Bishop, Leg- 
islation Chairman, who was unable to be 
present. 



In order to make it possible for at least 
one Imperial Valley young woman to 
enter college each year, the College 
\\'oman's Club of the Valley gives a 
scholarship of $100.00 every year to some 
young woman, who will make use of it. 



That the Imperial Valley clubs believe 
in town improvement goes without say- 
ing when it is known that the Holtville 
Club assisted very materially in securing 
a new librarv buildinsr, and that the 



Brawley "^lothers' Club" and "Woman's 
Club" together raised by subscription 
$650.00 for the improvement of their 
cemetery. 



Thirty club women from all parts of 
Riverside County attended the important 
board meeting which was held in the Y. 
\\\ C. A. building in Riverside a short 
time ago. A ticket which will be sub- 
mitted to the voters for their considera- 
tion at the April election was prepared 
as follows : President, Mrs. George Wing, 
of Banning; vice-president, Mrs. Henry 
Marshall, Indio ; corresponding secre- 
tary, Airs. David Innes, Banning; record- 
ing secretary, Mrs. E. A. Davis, Hemet; 
treasurer, Airs. Robert Kirkpatrick, Elsi- 
nore; auditor, Mrs. R. S. Smith, San Ja- 
cinto. It was decided that if it is agree- 
able to the hostess club — Beaumont — the 
annual convention and election of offi- 
cers for the Riverside County Federation 
will be held some time in May. 



"Baby Week" was observed in River- 
side from March 25 to March 28 inclu- 
sive, when scores of babies were exam- 
ined for physical defects as a result of 




THIS MAKES IT 
CLEANER AND BETTER 



The Government wants you to eat more Wheat so 
consume Golden Age Macaroni, Spaghetti and 
Noodles. Best in the world. 

I""*— BRADLEY-KUHL CO., Agents 

929 Higgins Bldg. Main 4871 65347 



Mt. LOWE 



6100 Feet in Skyland 




Most Scenic Mountain Trolley Trip in the World 



TT^ A T) Li^ ^O You can't afford to miss our Southland's Greatest 
r/\rVlli ^^ Scenic Novelty 

FIVE TRAINS DAILY. 8, 9, 10 A. M.— 1:30 and 4 P. M 

PACIFIC ELECTRIC RAILWAY 



24 



The CLUBWOMAN 



arrangements made by the Riverside 
Woman's Club in co-operation with the 
Childrens' Bureau of the U. S. Depart- 
ment of Labor. It is hoped to make this 
a cliild welfare year and these examina- 
tions are being conducted throughout the 
Nation in the hope of better care of the 
babies. 



More than one hundred guests were 
seated for the anniversary dinner of the 
Placentia Round Table Club when the 
event was appropriately celebrated in the 
club house. National colors were used in 
the effective decorative scheme and Rev. 
H. A. Dowling was the speaker of the 
evening. 



"Americanization" is the all-important 
subject which is now claiming the atten- 
tion if the Fullerton Ebell Club. National 
unit)' in language, ideals and loyalty are 
the three points that are being empha- 
sized. 



The American Woman and her place 
in the important post-war reconstruction 
work was given undivided attention at a 
recent meeting of the Woman's Club of 
Orange. 



The music section of the Santa Ana 
Ebell Club had the great pleasure of 
hearing composer Clarence Gustlin tell 
how he happened to write "Spring's In- 
vitation." The composition was sung by 
a quartette accompanied by Mr. Gustlin 
at the piano. 

N. B. — Don't forget to announce San 
Bernardino County Federation Conven- 
tion to be held at Grand Terrace April 
15th, 10 a. m. To be a real woman's 
convention. 



LOS ANGELES DISTRICT NEWS 



Mrs. H. S. Duffield, Press Chairman 



With Conventions and elections. Reci- 
procity Days, Red Cross drives, Salvation 
Arm)^ "Y" and Liberty Loan campaigns 
in progress and in prospect, club women 
are being kept busier than the proverbial 
bee these days. 



dena Shakespeare Club and Whittier 
Woman's Club, the Wa-Wan, Browning 
and California Badger Clubs of Los An- 
geles. Elaborate programs representa- 
tive of the spirit and purpose of the or- 
ganizations were presented by each, the 
out-of-town clubs having as an added at- 
traction sumptuous luncheons presided 
over by their respective presidents, Mrs. 
Clayton R. Taylor and Mrs. Kittle G. 
Swain. 



Future Reciprocity Days have been an- 
nounced as follows : 

April 16th, Optimist Study Circle. 

April 18th, San Fernando Ebell, Paco- 
ima Woman's Club and Civic League, 
jointly. 

April 25th. Century Club of Sawtelle. 

May 6th, Monday Afternoon Club of 
Covina. 

May 9th, Echo Park Mothers' Club. 

May 21st, Boyle Heights Entre Nous 
Club. 



, The Owensmouth Woman's Club will 
hold its annual Sunrise Easter Service in 
the Greek Theatre of the Owensmouth 
High School April 20th. Bishop Adna W. 
Leonard, resident bishop of the Method- 
ist Episcopal Church of the West, will 
give an address, and an organ recital by 
Ray Hastings, organist of Temple, Audi- 
torium, Los Angeles, will follow. Club 
members and their friends are invited to 
attend. 



Clubwomen are getting behind the Mc- 
Keller-Keating Civil Service Retirement 
Bill in such numbers that its champions 
are very hopeful of its being put through 



Vying vidth each other for hostess hon- 
ors during the past month were the Pasa- 



Bekins Fireproof 
Storage 

Our twenty-three years in the Moving, 
Packing, Storage and Shipping Business 
have enabled us to work out plans and 
to perfect a system that meets the most 
drastic requirements. We save you 
money in every instance. Fu'll par- 
ticulars cheerfully furnished. 
Los Angeles Oakland San Francisco 
One of our Los Angeles Warehouses 
1335 SOUTH FIGUEROA STREET 
Automatic 10018 Main 19 



The CLUBWOMAN 



Zi 



Congress when it is introduced. It has 
already been endorsed b}' the State Leg- 
islature of California. The bill provides 
for the retirement of superannuated em- 
ployes of the Civil Service and the fol- 
lowing clubs have gone on record as fa- 
voring it : Friday ^lorning Club, L. A. 
City Teachers Club, Woman's Lawyer 
Organization, Women's Auxiliary Na- 
tional Federation of Postal Employees, 
L. A. District and State Boards, C. F. 
W. C, and the General Federation of 
^^'omen's Clubs. 



RECONSTRUCTION PROGRAM- 
SANTA MONICA BAY 
WOMAN'S CLUB 



By Blanch Friend Austin 



A reconstruction program was dis- 
cussed by interesting speakers at an all- 
day meeting held on Monday, ]\Iarch 24, 
at the Santa Monica Bay Woman's Club. 

Mrs. D. G. Stephens, founder of the 
Club and president emeritus of the club, 
presided. 

Mrs. Seward Simons, secretary of the 
\\'oman's Committee, State Council of 
Defense, spoke on the subject "Some 
Problems of Reconstruction." 

Her paper was followed by an inter- 
esting discussion, in which various club 
members took part. 

A dainty luncheon was served at the 
club house at the noon hour. 

Mrs. Andrew Stewart Lobingier, dis- 
cussed in her clever way a unique topic, 
"Socrates the Friend of Women and Es- 
pecially Club Women." 

Mrs. Frank Gibson of the State Hous- 
ing and Immigration Commission, de- 
clared that with the establishment of 
peace, the most important subject is 
Americanization — to make the stranger 
within our gates loyal and contented. 

Mrs. Josiah Evans Cowles, president 
of the General Federation, emphasized 
the responsibility of making good Ameri- 
cans out of the aliens that will throng 
our shores when the bars are let down. 

"Efficienc}' is always economy, but 
economy is not always efficiency," said 
!Mrs. Herbert A. Cable, president of the 
California Federation of Women's Clubs. 
Mrs. Cable gave an amazing list of sta- 
tistics showins: the waste in our coun- 



try. Mrs. O. Shepherd Barnum, of 
the State Board of Education, explained 
some of the Educational Bills now be- 
fore the State Legislature. 
Other speakers included Mrs. E. B. Wei- 
rick, chairman of the Social Service 
Committee of the Los Angeles District 
Federated Clubs, and Mrs. J. C. Urqu- 
hart, past president of the Santa ]\Ionica 
Bav Woman's Club. 



NORTHERN DISTRICT 

Mrs. E. E. Earle, Chairman, 

Sacramento 

The regular monthly meeting of the 
Executive Board of the Northern Dis- 
trict of C. F. W. C. was held Satur- 
day, March 1st, at the Hotel Sacra- 
mento. 

The President, Airs. G. E. Chappell, 
called the meeting to order at 10:30 
A. ■M. Representatives from the vari- 
ous clubs throughout the district were 
present, and interesting reports sub- 
mitted. A keen and vital interest is 



ETTORE 



CAMPANA 



Baritone 



Voice Placement, Grand Opera Training 
Pure Italian Method 

Available for Concert Work 




ROOM 341, BLANCHARD HALL 
Phone 10082 



26 



The CLUBWOMAN 



being manifested in the coming con- 
vention to be held on March 25, 26, 
and 27th, at Chico. 

The convention promises to be a ses- 
sion of unusual interest and import- 
ance — one of reconstruction rather 
than one of vision. 

Two hundred accredited delegates 
from the nineteen superior California 
counties, ranging from Amador, Sacra- 
mento, and Yolo northward will be in 
attendance. Women of State-wide 
prominence in club circles and speak- 
ers upon civic and economic questions 
of note will take part in the program. 

Many matters now before the Legis- 
lature will be brought up for discus- 
sion, with a request for the endorse- 
ment of the clubwomen. 

Some of the measuers, however, the 
endorsement of which will be sought, 
will not receive the approval of the 
conference. 

Mrs. C. Webster, "mother'' of the 
Pure Milk Bill, gave an interesting talk 
on "Pure Milk," and spoke at length 
against the proposed " Milk Bill," now 
being taken up in the Legislature. 

Mrs. C. B. Longbridge, Chairman of 
Conservation of Forests and Water- 
ways," gave a splendid talk on the 
work that is being done along those 
lines. 



SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY 

DISTRICT 

Mrs. W. L. Potts, Chairman, Fresno. 

The members of the various clubs 
in the Valley are working with zest 
and energy after the many weeks of 
enforced inactivity due to the "Flu." 
So many splendid things are being 
done by the club women that it is in- 
deed a difficult task to give the proper 
publicity to all. 

Calls for the annual convention of 
the San Joaquin Valley District Feder- 
ation of Woman's Clubs will be issued 
this week, formally announcing Reed- 
ley as the place of convention, on April 



23, 24 and 25. The entire program of 
the sessions will be along the lines of 
reconstruction and rehabilitation, and 
some excellent speakers are being 
booked for the three days' meet. The 
sessions will be held in the new club 
house of the Woman's Improvement 
Club of Reedley, of which Mrs. D. E. 
Eymann is President. 

Prominent among the speakers will 
be Mrs. Rose Berry, of the State De- 
partment of Art, who will talk on art 
and its relation to the great war. 

At a business meeting of the Parlor 
Lecture Club endorsement was made 
by three bills which are being backed 
by the Woman's Legislative Council 
of California, namely the measure deal- 
ing with the rights in community prop- 
erty, giving a married woman some 
control over her share during her life- 
time, and the testamentary disposition 
of her half at her death; an industrial 
home for delinquent women; and an 
increase in the apportionment for the 
elementary schools of the State. Also 
endorsement was made of a fourth, 
which is a pure milk bill. Refresh- 
ments were served at the conclusion of 
the meeting. 

Judge George B. Alden of Massa- 
chussetts gave a splendid lecture, his 
subject being "The Needs of the 
Hou.r" 

Strickland Gillilan appeared before 
the club members. His lecture was 
"A Sample Case of Humor." 

The Laton Club on March 11th had 
as the speaker of the evening Mrs. 




For a Strong 

Constructive 

Administration 

VOTE FOR 

Gesner 
Williams 

FOR 

MAYOR 

Primary Election. 
May 6th, 1919 



The CLUBWOMAN 



27 



W. A. Fitzgerald, President of the San 
Joaquin \'alley ^Federated A\'omen's 
Clubs. 

One of the most progressive clubs 
in the district is the Women's Improve- 
ment Club of Madera. Mrs. Grace 
Sutton Powell spoke to the club on 
the splendid work being done by the 
Y. W. C. A. Another speaker of note 
was Mrs. Rose V. Berry, well-known 
club woman and art lecturer. Mrs. 
Berry's subject was "Girls and ^^'omen 
in a New \\'orld." On Tuesday, ^larch 
4th, a musical afternoon was featured, 
supplemented by a reading given by 
Mrs. L. R. Wilson of Fresno. 

The 23rd birthday anniversary of 
the Bakersfield Woman's Club was cel- 
ebrated on March 14th, a large attend- 
ance of club members being present. 
Special honor was paid the President, 
Mrs. Charlotte Jameson and the past 
presidents of the club. This club is 
one of the largest in the district and 
was organized in 1896. 

Call has been made for a special 



meeting for the improvements commit- 
tee of the Ladies' Improvement Club 
of Porterville, to be held in near future, 
at which time the plans will be worked 
out in detail for the stimulation of in- 
terest in victory gardens there. Co- 
operation in the plans have been se- 
cured by the officials of the grammar 
and high school and of professional and 
amateur gardeners. Suitable prizes are 
to be oiifered by the club for the best 
gardens produced by students of school 
age. 

The Executive Board of the San 
Joaquin Valley Federation of Women's 
Club will hold its next meeting at 
Porterville, Monday, March 31st. This 
will be one of the most important ses- 
sions of the vear. 



SAN FRANCISCO DISTRICT 

Mrs. W. C. Morrow, Chairman, 

San Francisco 

The coming convention to be held 
at the pretty little city of Watson- 
ville. where grow some of the finest 



Ji 




< BRADFORKS » 
I TABLE-QUEEN > 




— Such a flavor, such a quahty, such a goodness as 
you will find only in "the matchless loaf" from the 

Bradford Baking Company 



28 



The CLUBWOMAN 



apples in the State, is occupying the 
front of the stage at present. The 
convention will be held in April, and 
the lovely country of the Pajaro Valley 
will be at its best during this capricious 
month of early Spring. Matters of vital 
importance are to be discussed and im- 
portant offices are to be filled. San 
Francisco district will elect a new Pres- 
ident and other officers. Dr. Mariana 
Bertola, the acting President, will pre- 
side. Mrs. James Sheehy of Watson- 
ville is Chairman of Credentials, and 
other well-known women of that town 
and its surrounding country will be 
active factors. Mrs. D. E. F. Easton 
of San Francisco has charge of the 
various lectures to be presented, and 
those who know Mrs. Easton will real- 
ize that a feast of good things will be 
presented. Addresses by men and 
women of eminence will be given, and 
Child Welfare, the movement so essen- 
tial at present, will have prominence. 
Music, art, literature and the drama 
will receive their share of attention, 
and amusement and relaxation will be 
provided for all. Dr. Bertola has 
adopted the motto: "Unity: in non- 
essentials. Liberty." Miss Jessica Lee 
Briggs, President of Laurel Hall Club, 
San Francisco, is Chairman of the 
Nominating Committee. San Fran- 
cisco District represents fourteen coun- 
ties, with a total membership of about 
7,000. San Francisco District has the 
honor of having a club composed of 
Indian women. 

The President's Assembly held its 
last meeting at Mills College, and the 
setting was in every way an admirable 
one' for such a notable event. A deli- 
cious luncheon was served in the gym- 
nasium, some of the students serving. 
Dr. Reinhardt showed the guests to the 
Assembly Hall where a clever little 
playlet, "The Tents of the Arabs," was 
splendidly portrayed by some of the 
students. Later, Dr. Reinhardt escorted 
the guests on a tour of the campus 
and through the wonderful library and 
the charming halls. The dav was in- 
structive and delightful. 

The Kalon Club, of which Mrs. Ed- 
ward Wales is the capable President, 
held a literary afternoon recentlv. 



Members of literary sections from 
other clubs participated. Miss Anita 
Wales, the attractive young daughter 
of Mrs. Wales, is Corresponding Sec- 
retary of the San Francisco District. 

The Civic Club of Salinas gave an 
interesting afternoon on California 
Landmarks. j\Iiss Anne Hadden was 
the speaker on this topic, and IN'Irs. J. 
H. Anderson. Chairman of the Cali- 
fornia History Committee, directed the 
entertainment. A sketch of Miss Ina 
Donna Coolbrtih, poet laureate of Cali- 
fornia, written by Edward F. O'Day, 
and a poem of Miss Coolbrith's were 
read. 

The Pioneer Women of California 
met in the Log Cabin in Golden Gate 
Park recently, and gave a literary and 
musical afternoon. The Log Cabin is 
in a picturesque part of the park and 
lends a piquant note to aflfairs given 
there. 

Mrs. A. W. Scott, the popular Pres- 
ident of Forum Club, has inaugurated 
many pleasing features during her 
regime. A series of playlets have been 
given. 

Cap and Bells, of which Mrs. Ella 
M. Sexton is the President, gave a 
breakfast at the St. Francis during 
March. 

Mrs. Wade Williams, President of 
the Papyrus Club, is drawing near 
the close of her successful term of 
office. She has been energetic in good 
works during her administration. 

A cablegram was received from Miss 
Margaret Mary Morgan, the Treasurer 
of Laurel Hall and a Four-Minute 
Speaker, from Shanghai, announcing 
her safe arrival on the first stage of 
her journey to China. 

Dr. Cora Sutton Castle, President of 
the City Federation, has been speak- 
ing in various cities on President Wil- 
son's fourteen points, "Woman's Re- 
sponsibilitj^ in Reconstruction," and 
kindred topics. Loyalty is more than 
ever the demand of the hour. 

The San Francisco District held an 
Executive Board meeting on Tuesday. 
March 25th. Matters of importance 
were discussed. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



29 



A WOMEN'S PROGRAM 



The ^^'ome^'s Committee of the 
State Council of Defense of California 
has issued a Reconstruction Program 
which may be recommended to 
women's organizations as a basis for 
discussion. It deals in the very briefest 
form with women in industry, child 
welfare, public health, education, 
Americanization, social agencies and 
economic problems. 

Two main conclusions are brought 
out: No extensive and expensive new 
machinery is needed to carry out an 
effective social reconstruction pro- 
gram : no progress is posible without 
strong popular support. This suggests 
activity along two main lines : study 
of the functions and potentialities of 
existing State, city and voluntary or- 
ganizations for social betterment, and 
a vigorous campaign for education of 
the public, first, as to the need for 
social, industrial and economic changes, 
and, second, as to the part all citizens 
can and should take in bringing about 
these changes. 



ASSOCIATION FOR BETTERMENT 
OF PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCES 
ITS MUNICIPAL INDORSEMENTS 

The -Association for Betterment of Public 
Service is seeking the election of the person 
best fitted for municipal offices so as to : 

1. Inculcate a spirit of loyalty to the Amer- 
ican Government. 

2. Stimulate a greater public interest in 
public affairs and the selection of fit candi- 
dates for public office. 

3. Secure sane civic administration bv elect- 
ing sane city officials. 

4. .\bolish unnecessary commissions, weed 
out office-holding parasites, and eliminate ex- 
travagance in local government. 

5. Discourage class hatred, class antagon- 
isms and class law-making. 

In accordance with these views the .Associa- 
tion has indorsed the following candidates and 
urges all good citizens to vote for them and 
to further their election : 



City Councilmen 
Ernest Braunton 
Frank L. Loftus 
Frank E. Purcell 
Frederick C. Langdon 
Boyle Workman 
.A. P. Fleming 
Fred C. Wheeler 
Bert L. Farmer 
E. D. Seward 

City 
Chas. 



Board of Education 

Dr. F. W. Steddom 

Mrs. Grace P. Ashley 

D. K. Edwards 

Lynn Helm 

C. C. Parker 

C. E. Seaman 

Bessie D. Stoddart 

City Auditor 

John S. Myers 
Attorney 
S. Burnell 



As a first step in securing the fruitful 
cooperation of women in the social ac- 
tivities of the State, the committee de- 
mands that they be placed upon the 
various commisisons and State agen- 
cies in sufficient numbers to make 
effective contributions. — The Survev. 



ARGUMENTS THAT LED THE 
UNITED STATES SENATE TO 
VOTE RAISE IN BASIC SAL- 
ARIES OF 'WASHINGTON 
SCHOOL TEACHERS 



1. The future of America depends 
upon efficient education. 

2. Teachers earn higher salaries than 
they are receiving. 

3. Teachers should be self-support- 
ing. 

4. Other more remunerative occupa- 
tions are depleting the teacher training 
schools and drawing from the rank and 
file of trained teachers. 

5. Alen are not attracted to the pro- 
fession and men are needed. 

6. Teachers have always been under- 
paid. 

7. Even raising salaries 100 per cent 
would not pay for value received. 




BOYLE WORKMAN 

Candidate for Member of City Cotmcil 

Priniarv Election Mav 6, 1919 



30 



The CLUBWOMAN 



THE ROOSEVELT 

MEMORIAL 

FOUNTAIN 



Mrs. George M. Turner 

Current literature emphasizes the 
many-sided character of the late Col- 
onel Theodore Roosevelt. We read of 
Mr. Roosevelt's passionate desire that 
all American children should share 
alike in all things which go to make 
up the perfect citizen, and that a love 
for literature, music, painting, sculp- 
ture, architecture, should enter their 
lives. 

We are told of Mr. Roosevelt's ideas 
for preserving and developing the art, 
music, poetry of the Indian. However, 
the clearest marked and most elabor- 
ated side of his character deals with 
his unusual love of Nature in its many 
forms and of his retention of that love 
to the end of his life. 

Inherent within him, his life all 
tended to develop along natural history 
lines. Of a frail physique as a child 
he lived much in the open. As a young 
man, again his health sent him to a 
western ranch, where he acquired an- 
imal and bird love, with health. His 
love of the country caused him to ad- 
here to his country home where he 
could swin? an axe, or enjoy sports 
with his children. 

When honors came thick and fast to 
Mr. Roosevelt, he found his rest and 
recreation with the birds and animals. 
It is related that the pressing duties 
of the President of the United States 
were at times delayed while he studied 
the home life of the birds about the 
Executive Mansion, and that his annual 
lists of birds seen about the city of 
Washington were accurate and had a 
standing on merit. 

This knowledge of bird life on the 
part of Mr. Roosevelt was not a fad, 
a fancy, but instigated reforms which 
are of great benefit to the American 
people. During, his administration as 
President, he was informed of the 
wanton and unnecessary destruction of 
bird life bv pot hunters and plumage 
vandals. At once steps were taken to 
establish havens of safetv for bird col- 



onies. Large tracts of land so rocky 
or so swampy as to be almost useless 
for other purposes, were set apart as 
refuges for the hunted creatures. 
Thirty-seven were established by Mr. 
Roosevelt and the good work has gone 
on until, at the present time, there are 
seventy tracts of land, where birds are 
in comparative safety during the breed- 
ing season. 

Relieved from the Presidency, ]\Ir. 
Roosevelt, looking toward the scientific 
education of the people, made two ex- 
peditions into wild countries among un- 
civilized peoples, and brought back 
large collections of birds and mammals, 
new to science. These, mounted in 
wonderfully natural and realistic forms 
in the Smithsonian Institution in 
Washington, D. C, are a mecca toward 
which educational pilgrimages are 
directed. 

A traveling companion of Mr. Roose- 
velt's on the South American expedi- 
tion sa3's that Mr. Roosevelt differed 
from most hunters in that there was 
nothing of the slaughterer about him. 
He would shoot game for food, or mu- 



Wilson's New 

BRAND 

(Formerly "Majestic") 

Hams & Bacon 

Ask Your Deader 

i^ertirieo 

OLEOMARGARINE 

and 
NUT MARGARINE 

w n\ n 




The CLUBWOMAN 



3) 



seum specimen, but never to exhibit his 
skill as a marksman, or to show how 
many animals he could bag. Nor 
would he permit a reckless destruction 
of wild life by any member of his 
party. 

In recognition of the spirit of Mr. 
Roosevelt, the inspiration he gave to 
naturalists, conservationalists and 
sportsmen, the ofificers and directors of 
the National Association of Audubon 
Societies, under the direction and lead- 
ership of the Secretary, T. Gilbert 
Pearson, offer to the Nature Lovers of 
America an opportunity to assist in 
erecting a Roosevelt Memorial Foun- 
tain. A national committee, contain- 
ing the names of America's greatest 
men, has been selected to cooperate 
with the Audubon workers in collect- 
ing funds and arranging details. In 
the heart and through the hands of 
some great American sculptor, there 
will be worked out a fitting memorial 
to this great American Nature Lover, 
of whom it is said, "He taught and 
practiced clean, straight sportmanship, 
with a power that has caused thousands 
of men afield to walk in straighter 
paths."' 

The Conservation Department of the 
General Federation, Mrs. John D. Sher- 
man, Chairman, is giving its unqualified 
support to the project of the National 
Association of Audubon Societies for a 
Roosevelt Memorial Fountain. 



HOME DEPARTMENT 




Manufacturers of 



HOME-MADE 



HIGH-GRADE FLOUR 

AND ALL KINDS OF CEREALS 
Los Angeles, Cal. 



Members of the Second Section, 
Household Economics, of the Ebell So- 
ciety of Santa Ana are to be felicitated 
upon the recent publication of a 
"Menus and Recipes" book entitled 
"Ten Ten Cent Luncheons." The at- 
tractive edition reached the office of 
The Clubwoman through the courtesy 
of Mrs. William L. Deimling. The 
book was compiled to show that a 
wholesome, palatable, mid-day meal 
could be served thirty persons at a 
cost of three dollars. The luncheons 
were made a part of the year's work 
and proved highly successful. The 
menu and recipes are given below: 
Menu 
Jellied Meat 
Spanish Rice Pickled Beets 

Hot Biscuits Apple Sauce 

Coffee Cream Sugar 

Cost 

Meat, $1.00: Rice, 2Sc; Beets, 10c; 
Biscuits, 30c; Butter, 25c; Apples, 30c; 
Coffee, 20c; Cream, 12c; Sugar, 15c; 
Gas, Ice, etc., 23c. Total, $3.00. 
Jellied Meat 

Take four pig's feet, with legs to 
first joint. Put in pot of water without 
salt and boil until meat falls away from 
bones ; lift meat carefully and set both 
meat and liquor away to cool ; when 
liquor is cool remove grease (use for 
frying purposes). Take a shank of beef, 
having it sawed into pieces ; boil in un- 
salted water until meat falls into pieces 
and remove from the liquor. Next day 
cut all meat into fine pieces, add to the 
re-heated liquor of the pig's feet ; sea- 
son well with pepper, salt and onion 



Ralphs Grocery Co. 



SELLS FOR LESS 



(Highest Quality Goods) 



32 



The CLUBWOMAN 



salt. Pour into moulds ; when cold, 
slice and serve. 

The liquor from the beef shank, one 
onion, one green bell paper, one ripe 
bell pepper and six large tomatoes, with 
three cups of rice will make the Spanish 
rice. 

Menu 
Escalloped Ham and Macaroni 
Cranberry Salad Rolls Cofifee 

Hambone, 60c; Cheese, 15c; Olives, 
15c; Rolls, 20c; Coffee, 20c; Macaroni, 
2Sc; Raisins, 5c; Butter, 25c; Cran- 
berries, 15c: Sugar, 5c; Apples, Celery, 
Nuts, 20c; Juice, 5c; Dressing, 25c; 
Cream, Sugar, 20c; Nuts, 5c; Extras, 
10c. Total, $2.90. 

Escalloped Macaroni 
(Use double amount for 30) 
One-half pound Macaroni, boil until 
tender and drain ; put into saucepan 
two tablespoonfuls butter, one of flour, 
salt and pepper, add one cup milk and 
let boil. To sauce add one tablespoon- 
ful Sultana raisins, one tablespoonful 
chopped walnuts, one tablespoonful 
grated cheese, one-half pound cold 
boiled ham ground. Put into baking 
dish alternate layers of macaroni and 
ham, add sauce, then cover with 
buttered bread crumbs. Bake 15 min- 
utes, cover with sliced ripe olives, and 
put into oven again for five minutes. 
Cranberry Salad 
(Double recipe to serve 30) 
One pint cranberries, one cup sugar; 
cook in as little water as possible, strain 
and while hot add one tablespoonful of 
gelatine ; cool and add one cup of wal- 
nut meats chopped, one cup of. chopped 
apples, one cup of chopped celery, juice 
of half lemon and half orange. Serve 
with a boiled salad dressing made with 
no mustard but double the usual 
amount of sugar and whipped cream. 
Menu 
Clam Chowder 
Libertv Bread Sandwiches 
Lettuce Salad Cheese 

Nut Mince Pie 
Cofifee Cream Sugar 

Clam Chowder, 99c ; Lettuce Salad, 
10c ; French Dressing, 20c ; Pie, 60c ; 



AVafers, 15c; Cheese, 20c; Coffee, 20c; 
Cream, 12c; Sugar, 5c; Liberty Bread 
Sandwiches, 39c. Total, $3.00. 
Clam Chowder 

Three cans clams, four large pota- 
toes, two slices bacon, one large onion, 
two quarts milk. Cut potatoes in 
cubes, boil in little water, season with 
salt and pepper ; chop onion and bacon 
and fry until done ; add to potatoes and 
water. Thicken milk with one table- 
spoon flour; add clams and milk to 
potatoes. 

Nut Mince Pie 

One cup walnut meats chopped fine, 
two cups chopped apple, one cup rais- 
ins, one and one-half cups sugar, one 
teaspoon cinnamon, one teaspoon all- 
spice, one-half teaspoon cloves, one-half 
teaspoon salt, one-half cup vinegar, 
one-half cup water or fruit juice. Mix 
thoroughly. Will make two pies. 
Pickled fruit juice may be used instead 
of vinegar and water. 

(To be continued) 



The Liberty Cow 



The Milk Goat is America's Liberty Cow 
in every sense of the word — she provides a 
pure milk, at less cost, than a cow. 

The average milk goat will give 3 quarts 
of milk a day at a cost not to exceed lOc 
per day for feed or 31/3 for each quart of 
milk, which retails at 25c and 30c per quart, 
making a profit of 65c a day at the lowest 
estimate. 

Goat's milk puts roses in the children's 
cheeks and you do not have to worry about 
TUBERCULAR GERMS. 

THE GOAT WORLD is the only magazine 
published in the English language devoted 
exclusively to the Milk Goat Industry. 

THE GOAT WORLD is the official maga- 
zine for the A. M. G. R. A. and the A. G. S. 

Send lOc for a sample copy, or $L00 for 
a year's subscription. 

THE GOAT WORLD PUBLISHING CO. 
Box 8C Baldwin Park, Cal. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



33 



RECONSTRUCTION FOR 
WOMEN 



■ tives indeed — 
A bend called "The Grecian'' with bus- 

ties agreed. 

By Anna E. Satterlee (Mrs. D.) 

We women accomplish some wonderful 3^,^ somewhere, we've heard that onr 

thinsTS, u J 1 

„ , ■ 1 \ 1 ^ i. ^ A 1 c sex has advanced — 

By which we are able to stand betore ^ , , , , 

i..;r,rTc " Our chances are better, our outlook en- 

Kmgs. ' _ 

Our valor quite equals the best, in its hanced. 

aim A wakened "A^an AA^inkle" niight ques- 

To win at the finish. whate\-cr the tion its truth, 

game. If coming at night on a party of youth, 

A\'ithout us no battle has ever been Or, one of their elders, — it matters not 

fought, which, 

And whether or not we all aim as we Xor whether its one for the poor or 

ought, the rich, — 

"\A'e're given the credit by poet and Bare backs, arms and necks, both the 

sage, stout and the faint. 

Of ruling the world in its e^■ery age. Made up like the faces, with powder 

, and paint : 
Yet States are endangered as never be- The skirts. — Pardon slang, — are a well- 
fore; defined "scream" : 
Upheavals are common, dissensions ga- So scant is their measure, to dance is 

lore. no "dream." 

^^'e've sacrificed much of both muscle A slouch marks the manner of walking, 

and brain, observe ; 

In thoughts that are simple and deeds The belle of the ball flits by on her 

that are vain. "nerve." 
While claiming superior saintliness, we 

Endeavor to equalize things and to be ^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^^^^^_ ^^.^^^j^ ^i^_ 

tmctlv exclaim. 



O'er much like "mere man.'' \\'^here's 

the glory in that? 
And isn't it time to learn "\\ here we 

are at?" 

Plain modesty bids us beware of con- 
ceit. 



And hasten him back by the way that 

he came, 
If told that "swell" dames and the 

"smart-set" coquettes, 

Make idols of poodles and smoke cigar- 

, . , , , , ettes : 

As, stooping, we look at the shoes on pj^^^^^ ^^.j^;^^ ^^^ ^^^ pennies, scrap over 

their pimch. 
And prate of divorces they've known 



our feet : 
g Louis tl" 
in our heels. 



King Louis the Fourteenth still reigns 



Regardless of stature and psychic ap- 
peals. 
"Our grandmothers f o 1 lo w e d his 

fashions," we say, 
"Xot only in heels, but like men of his 

day. 
They tied in their waists, adopted his 

strut. 
Wore wigs, carried snuff and kept well 

in the rut." 
V'es, even our mothers felt they must 

obey 
The dictates of Fashion where tailors 

hold sway. 
Encaged in their hoops they were cap- 



bv "the bunch." 



PEERLESS 
LAUNDRY COMPANY 

All That the Name Implies 

AS TO 
FAMILY WASHING, FAMILY STYLE 

Main Street at Slauson Ave. 
Home 27961 South 6518 



34 The CLUBWOMAN 

But mentioning clubs which we women A girl bent on theaters, parties and 

attend, dress, 

"Van Winkle would stare — perhaps Arouses his fears — the attraction is 

think of their trend. less. 

We're learning so much from the As vision enlarges of money she 

thoughts of the wise — spends. 

And otherwise, also — it honestly tries He clings more and more to his bach- 

Our brains to digest it. We labor and elor friends. 

fret 

So much over far-away things, Ave for- r^^ ^^^k reconstruction is well, in its 

get way— 

The beans set to bake in our oven at r^^ really construct is the need of the 

home, day. 

And sometimes they happen to burn -^^^ qNE is obliged to accept any fad 

while we roam. Which common-sense tells is inher- 

The husband, returning, discovers the ently bad. 

loss, -^Ye CAN ignore tailors and modists 

And cannot be blamed if he feels some- awhile, 

what cross. pQ^ goon they would give us good rea- 

We work at our desk writing essays ^^^ ^^ smile 

and plays, -^Yg C^^N t^^l^e ^^^ interest in things up- 
Absorbed, till the boy of the house ^ j ^ 

1 J, -^ to-date, 

loudly pravs ^ , . , , , . 

That somebody hsten to him, now and I" slums, in our clubs, and m matters 

then ; " " of State, 

And daughter escapes from the silence. Yet make of the home a most excellent 

just when, place 

And where and with whom, we're too g^^ fashions in modesty, purity, jrrace. 

busy to note. 
Till startled by dangers we'd thought 

quite remote. The terrible holocaust over the seas. 

- Has sobered some women by many de- 

The housemaid appears in her peek-a- grees : 

boo waist; Has made all our men who have fought 

She copies the mistress, so thinks it is oA'er there, 

chaste. So strone. self-reliant and brave, that 

In stores and in offices women are to bear 

found. The burdens of others as well as their 

^^'ho feel that to style they're distress- own, 

ingly bound. Seems auite commonplace. And we 

With salaries small and with merchan- wish each one shown 

disc high. Not only a jubilant welcome from 

The}^ scrimp on their butter and scrimp France ; 

on their pie. But also, that women have made an 

To save for their Oxfords and near- advance. 

silken hose — World-peace cannot come through our 

Their vanity-bags and their flesh-tints brothers alone ; 

and rose. Each sex for its errors must fully atone, 

Then, puUine together, as God meant 

Most girls v^'ish to marry at some time we should, 

in life — Our human achievements shall mean 

A sensible man seeks a permanent every good ! 

wife. (All rights reserved b}^ the author.) 



Official Or|an of the 

California ^deration oj 

Women's Clubs 

Composed of over 40000 Members 




Mrs- J. L. Giiiis, 
State Library , 

Sacrr-rrento , Cal . 




/^ 



May, 1919 
Vol. XL No. 8 




AN ATTRACTIVE SCENE AT NEWPORT BEACH 



^1 




Ix\ cen.se 

5Boxes 3\^rie-ties 
Sent by Mail for f 1.00 

The burning of fragrant incensa is an ancient 
Oriental cuatom now very popular in America. 
In the home its fragrance suggests purity and 
luxury. In the apartment It dispels the odor 
of cooking. In the sick room It refreshes and 
soothes. People who travel find it deligbtTul 
for creating a fragrant atmosphere in the 
strange room. 

Its charm is fascinatinf. A stic^ a day keeps 
the blues away. 

Just clip out tJtiis advertisement and pin a 
dollar bill to it, or send only jour name and 
address with $1.00 enclosed. We will send you 
by Parcel Post 3 Boies; 3 Tarleties— Egyptian 
Lotus, Arabian Spice, and Orange Flower. 
Beferencee — Any Los Angeles Bank. 

J. H .MINASSIAN &. CO . 
Dtpt. F. 602 S. Ftgueroa St. Ui Angein 



M 



WILSON'S 

BRAND 

PRODUCTS 



Hams 
Bacon 
Boiled Hams 



Canned Goods 
Tomato Catsup 
Preserves and Jams 



OLEOMARGARINE 

Certified Coifce 

Sold Everywhere 

W /A /7 



WILSON & CO. 



XT 

LOS ANGELES 



EXPERT DRY CLEANERS 
AND DYERS 

50 Autos at Your Service 
32 Years Experience 




I A. H. KORNBLUM 

s President and General Manager 



I MAIN OFFICE AND PLANT 
1 Washington at Griffith Ave. 

I Phones South 675, 27981 

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IIIIIIIIUIHg 




The Clubwoman 



Official Organ of the California Federation of Women's Clubs 

Composed of Over 40,000 Members 

PUBLISHED MONTHLY 



San Francisco, Cal. 
1942A Hyde St. 



OFFICES 
Hyde Park, Cal. Los Angeles, Cal. 

Box 3 Brack Shops 

Telephone 79638 Connecting All Departments 

DR. LOUISE HARVEY CLARKE, State Chairman and Southern Federation Editor, 1046 Orange St., Riverside 
MISS JESSICA LEE BRIGGS, State Chairman and Northern Federation Editor. 1942A Hyde St., San Francisco 
MRS. J. A. MATTHEWS, Club Representative. Brack Shops, Los Angeles 

Copy from the Clubs Must be Sent to the District Press Chairmen. 
Subscription Price in California Fifty Cents the year. Ten Cents the 
Copy. Entered at the Hyde Park Postoffice as second-class matter. 



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MOROSCO THEATRE 

BROADWAY NEAR EIGHTH 

Now Playing 
"Daddy L^ong Legs" 

COMING 

"Some One in the House" 



^iiiiiiiiiiuiiiriiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiir)iiititiiiiiiiiiitiititiiiiiiiiiriniiiniiiiiiriiintiini[iiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiir'_- 

I A Woman's Shop | 

I in a Man's Store | 

I Where men really feel "at home" | 

I in selecting gifts to please the | 

= women. Suggest it to the men = 

I folks in your family. | 



= Spring near Sixth f 

= X 

= 3 

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IM i 1 1 i o n Dollar XHeatre 

Broadway at Third 

Coming 

DOUGLAS FAIRBANKS 

in 

"The Knickerbocker Buckaroo" 

CHARLES RAY 

in 

''Greased Lightening" 

MARGUERITE CLARK 

"LET'S ELOPE" 
BRYANT WASHBURN 

"SOMETHING TO DO" 




GRAND AT SEVENTH 

Coming Soon 
Mary Pickford 

in 

"Daddy Long Legs" 



The CLUBWOMAN 





Ml^HMlPi 




Program for State Convention 5-6 

Seventh Annual Convention Northern District 6-7-8-9 

San Francisco District Convention 9-10-11-12-13-14 

Eighteenth Annual Convention Alameda District .' 15-16-17 

Twenty-second Annual Convention San Joaquin Valley District 

17-18-19-20-21-22 

Los Angeles Convention Epochal 23-24-25-26-27-28 

Southern District Report 29-30-31-32-33 

By One of the 3,300 34 

What Certified Stands For 34 



CniiriiimriiiiiiiiiiiiiinrdiiiiTiii 



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iiiiiKiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinintiiiitttiNrj 



You Can Clearly See Why The Starr | 

Phonograph Excells. | 

Any one with the slightest concep- | 

tion of musical principles can clearly | 

see why the | 

>tarr | 

^|)onograp|) | 

5 

is musically superior to all other reproducing instruments. The Starr is | 

the only Phonograph that uses neither metal nor veneering in the tone i 

chambers, but solid Silver Grain Spruce, the sweetly vibrant wood from § 

which the sounding boards of the finest pianos and violins are made. | 

The difference is in the tone. Let us give you a demonstration. I 

Cf)e ^tarr $iano Company j 

Factory Salesrooms, Starr Building, 630 South Hill St., Los Angeles. | 

Manufacturers: Grand and Upright Pianos and Playerpianos, Phonographs and I 

Phonograph Records. | 




ruiMiitmiHtimmHHiiiuuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiununiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiniiiiiiiMiiiMiiiimiiiiiliiiilHmmtilHiti 



The CLUBWOMAN 



PROGRAM FOR THE STATE CONVENTION 



Coronado Hotel 
May 13-17, 1919 

May 13th — Opening evening, in charge of 
the San Diego County Federation of 
Women's Clubs, Hostesses. 

Honor Guests — Mrs. Josiah Evans Co\vle.s. 
President of the General' Federation of 
Women's Clubs, and Past Presidents of 
the California Federation. 

One-half hour of Music by local artists. 

Addresses of Welcome — Mrs. Lillian Pray- 
Palmer, Past President of the C.F.W.C, 
and Mr. Klauber, President of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce of San Diego. 

Response — Mrs. E. G. Denniston, Cali- 
fornia Director, G.F.W.C. 

.Address — Message from the General Fed- 
eration, Mrs. Tosiah Evans Cowles, Pres- 
ident of the G.F.W.C. 

Address — "What Have We Inherited?" Mrs. 
Robert J. Burdette, Past President, 
C.F.W.C. 

Assembly Singing, led by Stetson Hum- 
phreys, Army Song Leader. 

Reception by local board officers, delegates 
and visiting club women. 

May 14th, Wednesday Morning — Formal 
Opening of Convention. 

Reports of Officers. 

Reports of Convention Committees. 

May 14th, Wednesday Afternoon — 

Department of Legislation and Political 
Science, Miss Caroline R. Kellogg, Chair- 
man. 

.\ddress — The 1919 Legislature. 

Address — "What Are We Going to Do 
About It?" Mrs Katherine Phillips Edson. 

Department of Social and Industrial Con- 
ditions. Mrs. W. L. Deimling, Chairman. 

Address — Women in Industrial Fields, Miss 
Ernestine Friedmann of Nevif York City. 
Field Secretary for the National Board 
of the War Work Council of the Young 
Women's Christian Association. 

May 14th, Wednesday Evening — 

Department of Music, Mrs. Alba Padgham, 
Cliairman. 

Service Music from the Navy Department. 

Address — The Value of Singing to the Serv- 
ice Men, Havrah L. Hubbard, Song Di- 
rector, Navy Department, Commission on 
Training Camp Activities. 

Address — Community Singing — Its Place in 
Civil Life, Wallace E. Moody. Organizer 
Community Singing, War Camp Com- 
munity Service. Mr. Moody will conduct 
a "Sing" exactly as it is done at the va- 
rious sectional community choruses. 

May 15th, Thursday Morning — 

Reports of Standinar Committee. 

Resolutions. First Reading. 

."Assembly Singing. 

Department of Press, Dr. Louise Harvey 



Clarke, Miss Jessica Lee Br 
men. 

Department of Public Health, Dr. Mary B. 
Ritter, Chairman. 

Department of Conservation, Mrs. George 
.\. Merrill, Chairman. 

Department of Country Life. Mrs. M. B. 
Church, Chairman. 

Address — Progress of Home Demonstra- 
tion Work in California, Miss Harriett 
G. Eddy, State Home Demonstration 
Leader. 

Department of Home Economics, Mrs. C. 
M. Haring, Chairman. 

Address — Training for Efficient Citizenship, 
Mr. H. B. Wilson, Superintendent Public 

. Schools, Berkeley. 

May ISth, Thursday Afternoon — 

Service Music. 

Department of Education, Mrs. Frank A. 
Gibson. Chairman. 

Address — The Federal Department of Edu- 
cation, Mrs. O. Shepard Barnum. 

Address — Vocational Training, Mr. Ralph 
T. Fisher. Federal Board for Vocational 
Education. 

Deoartment of Literature, Mrs. Frances 
Carlton-Harmon. Chairman. 

Address — The Literature of Americaniza- 
tion. Miss Althea Warren. City Librarian, 
San Diego. 

Address — The National Program for Amer- 
icanization. Mrs. Frank A. Gibson, Chair- 
man Americanization, G.F.W.C. 

May 15th, Thursday Evening — 

Annual Banquet of Down and Out Club, 
in charge of Mrs. O. Shepard Barnum, 
Vice-President, and Mrs. Robert F. Gar- 
ner, Secretary. 

Concert in the Court of the Coronado 
Hotel by the Navy Band of the Flagship 
Minneapolis. 

May 16th. Friday Morning. 

Election of Officers from 9 .\. M. to 2 P. M. 

Report of Revision Committee. 

Report of Resolutions Committee. 

Reports of Special Standing Committees. 

L^niversity Extension Work, Miss Nadine 
Crump. 

One Hour With District Presidents, fol- 
lowed by discussion. 

Federation Ethics. Mrs. G. E. Chappell. 

Child ^^'eIfare in District Work, Dr. Mari- 
ana Bertola. 

Co-Ordinating the Work of the District 
and the State. Mrs. Katherine Smith. 

Needs of the Day in Federation, Mrs. W. 

A. Fitzgerald. 

Five Points in Federation, Mrs. Mattison 

B. Tones. 

The Federation in Public .Affairs. Mrs. J. T. 

Suess. 
Mav 16th. .'\fternoon — 
Deoartment of Child Welfare, Mrs. Louise 

B. Deal. Chairman. 



6 



The CLUBWOMAN 



Address — Report of "The Children's Year" 
in California, Dr. Adelaide Brown. 

Address — Current Issues in the Care of 
Dependent Children, Dr. Jessice B. Peix- 
otto. 

At 3:30, automobile ride, arranged by the 
Department of History and Landmarks, 
Mrs. Florence Dodson Schoneman, Chair- 
man, in co-operation with the local board, 
to points of historical interest. 

May 16th, Evening — 

Music. 

Address — British Labor and Reconstruc- 
tion, Paul U. Kellogg, Editor of the Sur- 
vey, New York City. 

May l-7th. Saturday Morning 

Final Business Session of Convention. 

Presentation of New Officers. 

Ratification of District Presidents. 

Adjournment. 

Called Meeting of State Executive Board 
at close of Convention. 

Mrs. E. D. Knight, Director Woman's 
Work, War Savings Stamps, will hold 
daily conferences for delegates. 

A splendid art exhibit has been arranged 
by the local board under the direction 
of Miss Mary Richmond, which will in- 
clude: 

Paintings by some of the younger artists 
of San Diego. This collection will be 



in charge of Mr. Maurice Braun, Presi- 
dent of the Art Guild. 
Sculpture, Miss Edna Schofield and Miss 

Mae Shelton, Artists. 
Samples of Lumiere Photography, Mr. 

Harold Taylor. 
Arts and Crafts, showing work of local 

club women. 
Press Club will show books, magazines, 
and Posters, Mrs. Quinn and Miss Mayer 
in charge. 
Occupational Therapy as applied in the 
camps, under the direction of Miss Scho- 
field. 
Wood Carving, Dr. Rysingvard, New York. 
Collection of Spanish Laces, made by resi- 
dents of earlier days in San Diego. 
The local board, Mrs. A. W. Wohlford, 
President, and Mrs. George A. Cheney, 
Chairman of General Arrangements, have 
made every arrangement for the pleasure, 
convenience and entertainment of the 
guests. Many attractive excursions have 
been arranged that may be enjoyed out 
of convention hours, while the beautiful 
location of the hotel, equipped in every 
way for the comfort of its guests, promises 
to all who attend a most enjoyable as well 
as profitable week. 

(MRS. HERBERT A.) 

BERTHA L. CABLE, 

President. 



SEVENTH ANNUAL CONVENTION NORTHERN 
DISTRICT OF FEDERATED CLUBS OF CALI- 
FORNIA, CHICO, MARCH 26, 27, 28, 1919 

Report of Mrs. R. M. Morton, Delegat e From Tuesday Club, Sacramento, Cal. 



The duty of every delegate sent to 
a convention is to bring back to the 
club which she represents the messages 
of inspiration and enthusiasm which 
she receives while there. And to do 
this, her eyes, ears and mind must be 
keenly alive to all significant happen- 
ings, and to tell in ten short minutes of 
all those activities in Chico during three 
busy days and nights would indeed be 
a task. So only the "high spots" of 
interest can be spoken of. 

The "high spots" were singularly 
well defined and so we find music, art, 
lectures, comedy, tragedy, significant 
features and announcements the divi- 
sions into which the convention activ- 
ities may be classed, and they will be 
treated separately, as topics for this 
report. 

But first of all, thoughts expressed 
must be those of appreciation to the 
Hostess Clubs of Chico — the Chico 



Art Club, the Cosmos Club and the 
Monday Evening Club — for their 
gracious hospitality extended to dele- 
gates and guests. Only wonderfully 
well organized committees and co- 
operative work could give such enter- 
tainment as we enjoyed in the automo- 
bile trips, the well-planned luncheons 
and that never-to-be-forgotten break- 
fast at the Chico Normal by the Home 
Economics Class. 

As the Convention was opened by 
music, it seems fitting that subject 
should be spoken of first. Under the 
direction of Mrs. A. L. Miller, Chair- 
man of IMusic for the Northern Dis- 
trict, we greatly enjoyed the fruits of 
her eflforts, for she had provided solo- 
ist numbers, orchestral numbers, a con- 
cert, and a musical lecture of real in- 
spiration. Her great plan for the 
Northern District is to have soloists 
of note, lectures on music, and the 



The CLUBWOMAN 



best kinds of music for her department 
work with the district, and with such 
a leader the Northern District is in- 
deed fortunate. 

Art 

The art to be found at the Conven- 
tion was most interesting, for it was 
of three types — the Art Exhibit, under 
the direction of Mrs. H. C. Chambers, 
the art of the floral decorations, un- 
der the supervision of Miss Alice Jones, 
and the art latent which surrounded 
the place of meeting, the Presbyterian 
Church of Chico. 

Of the Art Exhibit, upstairs above 
the reception room, much can be said, 
for Mrs. Chambers had used excellent 
judgment in the hanging of pictures, 
both for light and spacing. So often 
one wearies of paintings because of the 
lack of these considerations, and those 
of us who took time to wander to the 
Art Exhibit found ourselves well re- 
paid for the time spent there. Time 
forbids a discussion of the paintings. 
but with landscapes, wild flowers, pot- 
teries, and brasses for subjects, you 
may know there was much to bid one 
linger. 

Too much praise cannot be given 
Miss Alice Jones in her rare ability 
for floral arrangement. Spring was the 
keynote of her decorations, and every- 
where about we found the joyousness 
of spring blossoms present. Chico en- 
joyed an early spring and many of the 
flowers came from the dear Lord's 
gardens — the meadows near at hand. 
The church interior may have lent a 
suggestion to ^liss Jones, for her dec- 
orative treatment seemed to carry in 
mind the harmon}' of combination with 
that color scheme. The walls were of 
a warm j-ellow, the trimmings of a soft 
grey-green, while the woodwork was 
a very light finish of pine. 

Of the art latent to be found there — 
that church itself, with its simple arch- 
itecture and restful interior. But more 
wonderful and more impressive, per- 
haps, w-as that artist's inspiration — the 
oval window to the right, which looked 
out into a grove of oak trees awaken- 
ing to spring's call. Can you not see 
those soft grey-green trees with inter- 
lacing boughs, which caught the hazy 



atmosphere and held it there? And 
gradually with the changing hours, col- 
ored the haze from a soft yellow of the 
morning light to a yellow-gray of the 
noonday, and then to a soft pink of the 
setting sun. With that symmetrical 
oval window framing the view, can you 
not appreciate the art latent there? 
Lectures 

Of the lectures, what can be said? 
One would have been repaid if only to 
have heard one message brought us, 
one from such a woman as the State 
President, Mrs. Herbert Cable. But 
when we were privileged to hear from 
Mrs. Annie Little Barry, from !Mrs. E. 
D. Knight, from Mrs. Cora Castle Sut- 
ton, from Marshall De Motte, Adjutant 
General Borree, Raymond C. Brooks, 
and many others, do you not env}^ us 
those rich opportunities which were 
ours to accept? And after such lectures, 
would we not fail in our duties as dele- 
gates if we neglected to bring back to 
you renewed vigor and higher ideals 
for a broader club life? 
Comedy 

Comedy? There was plenty of it. 
and this report would be lacking if 
something of the comedy found at the 
Convention was not mentioned. Time 
bids me hasten, but you must know of 
the comedy that arose daily, from the 
extraordinarily slow dining-room serv- 
ice at the Hotel Oaks, where mau}^ of 
us stayed. No matter how busy, or 
how^ important one might be, all were 
treated alike by that very democratic 
head waitress. Often upon entrance we 
stood awaiting her beckoning finger un- 
til we felt as if we should be introduced 
to the audience, but lacked the presid- 



For a delicious Spread 
or a charm- 
ing party. 




741 South Broadway 



8 



The CLUBWOMAN 



ing officer for that honor. After, finally, 
being directed to our seats, we waited, 
waited, waited, for our service. At 
first we were amused, then irritated, 
then bombastic in exasperation, but to 
no avail. We all took turns experienc- 
ing similar emotions, and continued to 
be unserved, until such time as was 
deemed auspicious by that young auto- 
crat of the dining room. 

Just one other bit of newsy comedy, 
entirely different, but giving a hint of 
the wide range possible to find, was this 
conversational experience. I was sit- 
ting in the back of the church listening 
attentively to every word being said, 
but also plying my fingers busily with 
soldier scarf-knitting. An old man who 
was present during the whole time sat 
beside me, and, without observing him, 
I felt that I was being closely observed. 
Finally he leaned over and whispered : 

"Whatch you makin'?"' 

"A scarf," I answered. 

"H — m ! For some man, I'll bet?" 

"Yes, a soldier." 

"Know him?" 

"No, sir." 

"Well, I'll be darned ! You women 
are the greatest ever. You come here 
to a convention to learn things. You 
talk, you think, and you do sumpin'all 
the time. There ain't nothin' you can't 
and won't do. if 3^ou make up your mind 
to it." (And I, in my innocence, fan- 
cied he approved of clubwomen and 
their conventions.) 

Tragedy 

Fortunately, there was onlj' a hint 
of tragedy, just enough suspense to 
put a balance for the comedy. Our 
dear District President, Mrs. Chappell, 
appeared pale and worried one morning 
and announced that she had lost her 
diamond sunburst. The bright eyes 
and willing hearts of those sweet girl 
ushers (young clubwomen-to-be) soon 
spied the missing pin, and ere twelve 
hours had passed our tragedy had gone 
its way in the telling of the tale. 
Significant Features 

To me the most significant fact of the 
Convention was the presence of Adju- 
tant General Borree, representing the 
military power of the State, appearing 
before a body of clubwomen, asking 



for the support of earnest, thinking 
women in the great reconstruction 
work confronting the military powers 
■ — that of Americanizatio',1 of our for- 
eign-born residents. 

Think what that fact stands for, fel- 
low clubwomen ! The military power 
of the State, of men only, a power that 
heretofore has never considered women 
except to demand sacrifice, asking for 
cooperation and help in the big problem 
before them ! Is not that thought in 
itself an encouragement to all thinking 
women, to make greater efforts for 
higher idealism and more cooperation 
among themselves, and to also make 
the world better by their united 
strength of intelligent direction of these 
efforts? Is not that incident an ac- 
knowledgment that, as clubwomen, we 
are making good in our earnest en- 
deavors to cooperate for greater devel- 
opment? 

Another significant fact brought out 
at the Convention was the presence of 
men and women of various nationali- 
ties, types and ages, for neither na- 
tionality, type, age nor sex barred at- 
tendance at the conference. And when 
we think of the significance of that 
symposium given the last day, "The 
Seven Spheres of Women," in which 
were represented the school, business, 
industry, professions, society, home 
and public life, we cannot help but real- 
ize that there is indeed great strength 
and a potentiality incalculable in the 
future life of woman for the aft'airs of 
the world. 

The Convention closed with the fol- 
lowing announcements, and we all re- 
luctantly bade farewell to our gracious 
hostesses, to Chico, and the Seven- 
teenth Annual Convention of the 
Northern District of Federated Clubs : 
Announcements 

Dean Van Norman, of the University 
State Farm at Davis, urges every club- 
woman to personally interest herself 
in the young men of her community, 
from the ages of 18 to 30 A^ears, to tell 
them of the vocational training oppor- 
tunities which are available for them 
at the farm. Especial interest is asked 
for young men who are not succeeding 
in life, or who have not had sufficient 



The CLUBWOMAN 



training to satisfy their need, or who 
have been financially unable to com- 
plete their education. The State has 
funds available to help worthy young 
men who are interested in better edu- 
cation, and any further information 
will be gladly given by writing" to the 
Dean at University Farm, Davis, YoIit 
County, California. 

Attention was called to the need for 



every clubwoman to subscribe to the 
"Clubwoman," also every clubwoman 
was urged to own and wear a Feder- 
ated Club pin, if she be an active mem- 
ber of a federated club. 

A very cordial invitation was read 
from Auburn, Placer County, Califor- 
nia, for the next District Convention, 
and upon vote the invitation was duly 
accepted. 



SAN FRANCISCO DISTRICT CONVENTION HELD 
IN WATSONVILLE, APRIL 10-12 

Mrs. W. C. Morrow 

year, the city is especially beautiful 
in spring. It has an equable climate. 



The Seventeen Annual Convention 
of the San Francisco District, Califor- 
nia Federation of ^^^omen"s Clubs, was 
held at Watsonville from April 10th to 
12th, inclusi^•e. The pretty city of 
Watsonville, in Santa Cruz County, is 
environed by much of the beautiful 
scenery of that picturesque county. 
^^'atsonville was unusually attractive, 
for she had donned her spring garments 
and was charming in the brilliantly 
verdant setting of foliage and flowers. 
Alwavs delightful at anv time of the 



fertile soil and great natural beauty. 
It is a wonderful apple country, and 
the biggest and finest of strawberries 
grow there in abundance. The Pajaro 
river meanders near and the back- 
ground of hills and trees makes a love- 
ly picture. Watsonville is famed for 
its hospitality and always extends a 
hearty welcome to its guests, but on 
this occasion, this year of gladness 
and peace, it surpassed itself. Not 




Two 

Things to 
Remember: 

1(pbi7ison's IS 

A High Class Store 

%obinson's IS NOT 
A High Priced Store 



% WA, ^aobinson Co. 

SEVENTH AND GRAND 



10 



The CLUBWOMAN 



only the women of the Watsonville 
Women's Club, but the whole county, 
turned out to greet their sisters from 
near and remote parts of the district. 
Hotel Appleton, a delightful and up- 
to-date hostelry, housed most of the 
clubwomen comfortably. The women 
of the county who had the affair in 
charge acquitted themselves with 
merit, and ever_vthing that was com- 
fort to the pleasure of their guests was 
done, with meticulous care and atten- 
tion to detail. The committee Avas un- 
tiring in its efforts to expedite mat- 
ters, and each member of the various 
committees performed her particular 
duty with dispatch and ■!materia;lh' 
added to the smoothness with which 
everything was done. Mrs. H. M. 
Tenny, Local Board Chairman, was an 
admirable and efficient executive. Mrs. 
E. E. Luther, President of the Watson- 
ville Woman's Club, was a gracious 
hostess and did much to enhance the 
pleasure of the guests. Mrs. E. S. 
Litchfield was Chairman of Informa- 
tion, and she performed her difficult 
task admirablv. Mrs. E. E. Haack saw 
that every delegate and alternate had 
her proper badge. Mrs. E. E. Stoesser, 
who is an accomplished vocalist, looked 
after the material comfort of the guests. 
Mrs. T. L. McOuiddy arranged about 
transportation and did her best, in spite 
of the fact that owing to Government 
control no reductions were made in 
rates. Mrs. H. G. Walters was in 
charge of the music and gave her fel- 
low club members a musical treat. 
Mrs. James Piratsky attended to the 
press ; visiting newspaper women found 
her a guide and friend. Mrs. J. Biersch 
g:ave zest to the labors of the Conven- 
tion by providing the members with 
delightful motor-car drives through the 
beautiful Pajaro Valley, which wore 
its holiday garb of green and blossoms. 
Tea was served at the Club House after 
the drive and an opportunity was given 
for viewing the home of the Watson- 
ville Woman's Club. Mrs. P. A. Arano 
directed the movements of the pages 
and ushers and was an efficient officer 
for the charming young" women who so 
kindly acted in that capacity. 

Promptly at ten o'clock on the morn- 
ing of Apr'il 10, 1919, Dr. Mariana Ber- 



tola, President of the San Francisco 
District, let fall the gavel which an- 
nounced the beginning of formalities. 
The Music Section of the Watsonville 
Woman's Club led in the singing of the 
triumphant Victory Song, "The Star 
Spangled Banner" — that banner which 
has never known defeat : that banner 
carried through the turmoil of battle 
by our gallant California boys and 
never lowered ; that flag which we saw, 
battle-stained and torn, carried on the 
day we welcomed our heroes back from 
the hell of Argonne, Chateau Thierry, 
St. Mihiel and the devastated fields of 
France. The song was sung, not as 
we sang it last year, with a prayer in 
our hearts and an ache in our throats, 
but as a paean of victory. 

The golden thread of patriotism and 
love of our country ran all through the 
Convention and was emphasized in the 
addresses, reports of presidents and in 
the exercises. Americanization. "Fac- 
ing Life Squarely," Rural Schools and 
International Relations were some of 
the topics discussed, and showed the 
awakening and renewed interest in the 
movement for better things. 

Mrs. Percy L. Shuman, a former 
District President, gave the invocation, 
and Dr. Mariana Bertola made the ad- 
dress of welcome. Dr. Bertola bore 
modestly and with grace the honor 
thrust upon her by the sad and sudden 
demise of otir late beloved President, 
Mrs. Frank Fredericks. Dr. Bertola 
won all hearts by her calm, judicious 
and gentle manner. The business of 
the morning proceeded smoothly and 
in order with greetings from a number 
of Past Presidents, Mrs. Edward Dex- 



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The CLUBWOMAN 



11 



ter Knight of San Francisco. Mrs. Per- 
cy S. King of Napa, and ^Irs. Percy L. 
Shitman, now of San Francisco, but for- 
merly of San ^lateo. Greetings from 
a number of Past Presidents, Mrs. Ed- 
ward Dexter Knight of San Francisco, 
Mrs. Percy S. King of Napa, and I\Irs. 
Percv L. Shuman, now of San Fran- 
cisco, but formerly of San Mateo. 
Greetings from the Alameda District 
President, Mrs. Ivatherine Smith, and 
Mrs. George Chappell, of the Northern 
District, were also gracefully given. 
The address of the morning was given 
by Mrs. Annie Little Barry, who 
spoke on the need of "Facing Life 
Squarely." ^Irs. Barry did not mince 
words in her address. She talked 
forcefully and plainly. She deplored 
the petty jealousies and recriminations 
that some women indulge in. She 
asked for larger vision ; greater self 
sacrifice. She asked if we are not our 
brother's keeper? If so, then do \\"e 
not believe in the sisterhood of wom- 
en? "If your brother had not been 
with you I would not have seen you" 
is as true to-day as in days of old. 
She begged women to think for them- 
selves, for more necessary than ever 
before is it for women to help and 
advise in the tremendous questions of 
the Nation, ^^'omen must help. 

Reports of club presidents from 
Laurel Hall Club, San Francisco. 
Presidents' Assembly, Monday Club, 
Eureka, Del Norte Improvement Club, 
Crescent City, \A"oman's Improvement 
Club, Cotati. South San Francisco 
^^ Oman's Club, Lakeport Parents- 
Teachers Club and the Ukiah Cosmos 
Club followed, and many and varied 
were the objects and interests of these 
clubs. As in the past four years. Red 
Cross and Hospital Relief and the 
various forms of National Service 
were the dominant notes of the re- 
ports, but occasionally something of 
a frivolous nature drifted in just to 
lend spirit to the heavy truths that 
have been forced upon women in the 
dreary years of war. 

Music began the afternoon session, 
and then came reports from District 
Chairmen. Miss M. De Neal Morgan 
spoke of Art. Mrs. E. Cox of Berke- 



To Remind 

You of the 

— Lovely New Vestees that 
have just gained admission into 
the neckwear section at Bul- 
lock's — Art has had a super- 
lative expression here — 

— The Art and Gift Store, in 
Bullock's Hill Street Building 
so uniquely individual, an en- 
tire first floor to itself, and 
laden W\t\\ good thoughts of 
many sorts for June brides and 
graduates and others — from 
tiny favors to expensive table 
cloths, hand WTOught with lace, 

— The Jewelry and the Silver- 
ware garbed in its May time 
excellency of variety and dress, 
simply causes one to pause, and 
pause, and pause again — 

— First perhaps at those dia- 
mond like Hair Combs and 
pins of shell, so many, rich and 

new 

— Next, at the Brooches, neck- 
laces, rings and other things 
associate — 

— Next at the Jewelry for 
Men — 

— And then a long pause at 
the silverware — ideal for bride 
or graduate — 

— Over all, quality — true value 
is so evident — 



I&iiilb(3&fe 



LssAm 






12 



The CLUBWOMAN 



ley spoke of Literature. Library Ex- 
tension was the topic discussed by 
Mrs. W. B. Irish of San Jose. In- 
dustrial and Social Service by Mrs. 
Edward AVales, President of To Kalon 
Club. Mrs. Wales said in part: 

"At the very outset of the club 
year the Department of Industrial 
and Social Conditions stood for War 
Emergency Work. Women were 
called forth to perform work not 
meant for woman's hands or woman's 
strength. They were quick to respond 
to every appeal. In the fields, in the 
mills, in the factories, stores and of- 
fices, wherever women worked, they 
did their part well. The condition of 
the women of the world has been 
transformed during the war. From 
the unskilled and unimportant they ■ 
have become trained and essential 
factors in the economic life of the 
world. They can never return to 
their pre-war existence. They have 
taken their place in the industrial 
world and they must remain to help 
the men find their places again. They 
must help in the reconstruction plans. 
There should be no competition be- 
tween women and men. Break down 
the barriers between women's inter- 
ests and men's interests and make 
them human interests. Let their slo- 
gan be 'Equal pay for equal work 
when women take the place of men.' 
In this way competition may be 
avoided. 

"Never before in the world's his- 
tory has such an interest been taken 
in social service. Men, women and 
children in every community have 
worwed zealously for the good of 
mankind. Nearly all of the clubs in 
the San Francisco District have been 
actively engaged in Red Cross Work. 

"The Edgewood Neighborhood 
Club of only thirty members not only 
did Red Cross sewing but also made 
250 baby garments for the U. C. Af- 
filiated College Maternity Clinic. 

"Laurel HaU Club reported, 'Sup- 
ported a small boy tubercular patient 
at the Bothin Farm in Marin Co. ; sent 
contributions to various members of 
local charitable organizations ; Red 
Cross Auxiliary work ; sent a case con- 
taining 197 garments to Italy.' 



"Philomath Club maintains a public 
school scholarship ($150 per annum) 
given to some capable little girl in the 
eighth grade, who would not other- 
wise receive a High School education. 
During the recent epidemic of influ- 
enza Philomath Club engaged the serv- 
ices of a professional cook and for thir- 
teen days sent properly prepared food 
for sick and convalescents to the Red 
Cross Shops. Five hundred cartons 
containing egg-nog, cereals, fruit, vege- 
tables; four hundred cups of wine jelly, 
together with crackers, etc., went out 
from this kitchen. 

"Corona Club supplied man}^ needy 
families with clothes and food. La 
Mesa Redonda also furnished clothing, 
food, medicine, etc., to needy families. 

"To Kalon Club supplied forty-five 
Christmas dinners, filled one hundred 
and twenty-five large bags with or- 
anges, apples, candy, toys, stockings, 
articles of clothing, etc., which were 
sent to the poorest children of San 
Francisco, The Club also sent fifty 
glasses of jellies and jams to the Let- 
terman Hospital. 

."The A'ittoria Colonna also had a 
splendid report. They gave relief to 
many needy Italian families, worked 
heroically night and day during the 
influenza epidemic — made the poor 
happy at Christmas time. 

"Among the rural clubs which 
worked splendidly in the Social Service 
Department may be mentioned the 
Out Door Art Club of Mill Valley, 
the Tamalpais Center Woman's Club, 
the Carneros Social Club of Napa, Up- 
per Lake Woman's Protection Club, 
Sonoma Valley Woman's Club. Red- 
wood City Woman's Club and Brown's 
Valley Social and Improvement Club 
of Napa." 

Mrs. George Mullin told of her work 
as Chairman of Social Service, and a 
Memorial Service was held for Mrs. 
Frank Fredericks with Airs. James 
Wilkins and Mrs. Edward Dexter 
Knight, being the speakers. A chain 
of club presidents' reports then fol- 
lowed. Fortuna, Corte Madera, Pa- 
cific Grove, Petaluma, Salinas, Cali- 
fornia Club. San Francisco, Eureka 
High School Parents-Teachers Asos- 



The CLUBWOMAN 



13 



elation, Dixon, Carmel, Carlotta and 
so on. 

The afternoon's reports were inter- 
rupted by an address on "Americani- 
zation" by Mrs. James \\"ill<ins. It is 
to be regretted that the paper cannot 
be pubHshed in its entirety, but it is 
expected that it will soon be published 
and then all will have an opportunity 
to read it in full. Mrs. Wilkins em- 
phasized the importance of our foreign 
population knowing the language of 
the country of their adoption ; the land 
of liberty and freedom to which they 
have turned in their desire to be free 
from tyrannical rule. A piano solo by 
Miss Irene Faustino loosed the tension 
after Mrs. \Mlkins' earnest appeal. 
Reports from Calistoga, Areata, Bur- 
lingame. Fort Bragg, Gilroy, Santa 
Clara County. Hollister, Glen Ellen, 
Ferndale, Korbel, Mendocino, King's 
City, San Francisco, Eureka and the 
Woman's Busy Bee Club, Hoopa. a 
club from Mendocino County, com- 
posed of Indian women. This club 
was admitted into the Federation on 
the occasion of Mrs. Fredericks' last 
visit to the northern counties. 

The evening session was opened by 
unison singing of "America." Mrs. 
E. E. Luther, President of the Wat- 
sonville Woman's Club, was hostess 
for the exening and made an address 
of welcome. It was a true and hearty 
one, and was garcefully responded to 
by Dr. Alariana Bertola. Music, vocal 
and instrumental, proved a pleasant 
interlude. Mrs. Herbert A. Cable, State 
President, said a few words of greet- 
ing. Airs. Aaron Schloss, Vice-Presi- 
dent at large, also gave a greeting. 

A one-act play, "Joint Owners 
in Spain," under the direction of Airs. 
H. C. WykofT, was given, and a re- 
ception to guests, delegates. State and 
District Officers, closed the eventful 
day. 

Friday morning's session opened 
with unison singing and reading of 
minutes. Mrs. Finley Cook, a Vice- 
President, presided. Reports of Dis- 
trict Chairmen on Federation Exten- 
sion, by Airs. J. C. Perry. Federation 
Emblem by Mrs. F. Griebnow, Uni- 
versity Club House Loan, Aliss Lila 
AIcKinnie, International Relations bv 



(677) 




Hart Schaffner 

LMarx 

Clothes 




Styles that reflect 
in their atmosphere 
that distinctive per- 
sonality of the wear- 
er, fit perfectly and 
have an air about 
them so much de- 
manded by men par- 
ticular in their dress. 
They are made from 
the finest quality all- 
wool fabrics. 




'the store -with aContcience" 

BROADWAY 
AT SIXTH 



Home of Hart Schaffner Sc Marx Clothes 



14 



The CLUBWOMAN 



Mrs. Sohpie P. Durst, were made. The 
report of Press was given by Miss Jes- 
sica Lee Briggs, in the absence of Mrs. 
W. C. Morrow, who desires publicly 
to thank Miss Briggs for her kind 
words in behalf of the absent Chair- 
man. 

Marin County, Napa, Monterey, 
Humboldt, Les Amigas, Loleta. Santa 
Cruz, Panathenea Club, Fort Bragg, 
Blue Lake Civic Club, Junior Monday 
Club of Eureka and other clubs made 
cheering- reports. District Chairman 
reported: For Education, Dr. Mary B. 
White, Palo Alto ; Child Welfare, Mrs. 
Florence Musto, and Mrs. C. F. Lewis ; 
Home Economics, Mrs. O. L. Sues ; 
Rural Schools, Mrs. Jessie B. Adams. 
The afternoon began with music, 
and the presidents' reports continued. 
Conservation, Bird and Wild Life, 
Waterways, Forestry, California His- 
tor)^ Music, Emergency Committee, 
Political Science, Endowment and 
other topics were discussed by the 
various chairmen. "The Art of the 
Reader" was the subject taken by Pro- 
fessor Lee Emerson Bassett, of Stan- 
ford University. He outlined the art 
at some length and was listened to at- 
tentively. Professor Edward Krebiel, 
representing League of Enforced 
Peace, spoke on International Rela- 
tions, and much was learned from him. 
An up-to-date comedy in one act and 
two scenes, with Miss Mae Frances 
O'Keefe as director, was given by the 
courtesy of Cap and Bells Club. 

Friday evening was devoted to a 
stereopticon lecture on "The Origin of 
San Francisco Bay," and the "Evolu- 
tion of Scenery in the Coast Ranges" 
was given by Professor R. S. Holway 
of the Department .of Geograph3^ Uni- 
versity of California; and "The Riders 
of the Sea," a play by J. M. Synge, was 
given by Mrs. Vard Hulen. 

Saturday morning was devoted to 
presidents' reports from Santa Clara 
County Clubs, Vacaville, Upper Lake, 
Suisun, Sonoma, Santa Rosa, Brown's 
Valley Club, Napa, Blue Lake Wha 
Nike Club, Cameras, Trinidad and 
various San Francisco clubs. 

During the Convention Dr. Mariana 
Bertola gave an interesting talk on 
Child Welfare, a subject very dear to 



her heart and one on which she has 
wide knowledge. She said in part: 
"Feeling the need of some concerted 
action for help in handling the Child 
Question in San Francisco in 1909, I 
appealed to our clubs and we started 
the work. The work grew and grew. 
Lectures in foreign languages were 
given. Settlements were estabhshed 
and our women worked directly with 
mothers, teaching them to make new 
garments out of old and to plan and 
cook appetizing dinners, making the 
most of what they had. Children were 
examined and the sick were sent to 
clinics, or to phyiscians who had of- 
fered their services. All of this was 
crystallized in the Child Welfare Week 
five years ago. A plucky committee 
interviewed the Supervisors, who have 
generously assisted each year by a do- 
nation. Each year some new feature 
is added — as a dental clinic, an eye 
and ear clinic and a defective speech 
clinic. From 50 to 1000 children are 
examined by competent physicians, not 
senior students nor nurses. About 200 
are given dental attention. Fifty in 
the defective speech department is a 
safe estimate. The deficient classes 
made an interesting exhibit of their 
work, which is truly marvelous. In 
the Literature: We have duplicate re- 
ports, as well as a dietary, for each 
mother. The dietary has been asked 
for the important clinics of San Fran- 
cisco, Boston and Chicago. Three 
hospitals have asked for it." 

The election of officers resulted in 
Dr. Mariana Bertola of San Francisco 
being re-elected President (an honor 
well deserved- ; Miss Jennie Partridge 
as First Vice-President; Mrs. Finley 
Cook of Berkeley, Second Vice-Presi- 
dent; Third Vice-President, JNIrs. C. E. 
Weber, St. Helena; Corresponding 
Secretary, Miss Anita Wales of San 
Francisco ; Recording Secretary, Mrs. 
Herbert Whitton, Santa Rosa; Treas- 
urer, Mrs. H. M. Tenney, Watsonville ; 
Auditor, Mrs. G. A. Penniman, Santa 
Clara. 

A resolution was passed at the con- 
vention that a tree should be planted 
in Watsonville, in honor of Mrs. Frank 
F. Fredericks, late President of the 
District. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



15 



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL CONVENTION ALAMEDA 

DISTRICT CALIFORNIA FEDERATION 

OF WOMEN'S CLUBS 

By Mrs. H. W. Whitworth 
Press Chairman 



The eig'hteenth annual convention 
of the Alameda District, C. F. W. C, 
was held in Alartinez, April 9, 10, 
11 instead of in February, the usual 
convention month. The epidemic was 
responsible for the delay in meeting, 
and while it caused some confusion in 
plans, resulted in much joy for the city 
dwellers, as the countryside was a 
wonder of bloom and fragrance. 

The spirit of the whole convention 
was that of hope and joy. While the 
cloud of industrial unrest was ever 
present, the children, blossoms and 
birds restored faith in the most pessi- 
mistic and we all breathed with 
"Pippa"— "God's in His Heaven— All's 
right with the world." 

The convention was opened in ac- 
cordance with the fine old custom, 
with the singing in unison of "Auld 



Lang Syne," followed by the "Club- 
woman's Collect," repeated by all. 

First Day's Feature 

The feature of the first day's pro- 
gramme was a discussion of the pres- 
ent industrial condition in the world. 
Samuel J. Irving, mayor of Berkeley, 
spoke on "The Attitude of Employer 
Toward Labor." Mrs. Carlton Parker 
of the Department of Economics of 
the University of California, spoke for 
the employee and Mr. Robert Hunter 
presented the "International Aspects 
of Labor." 

Afternoon Tea 

In serious frame of mind the women 
started for a "Four O'Clock Tea" at 
Walnut Creek, and were transported 
by magic through the "Happy Valley" 
to an enchanted bower, where thoughts 



Broadway VogUC CompdYiy at Eighth 

New Wash Frocks 

---have found their transient home at Vogue 
Company---and a very transient one if we can 
judge by their quaintness and beauty-- - 

---Printed frocks- --voiles.- --ginghams and or- 
gandies ---a host of charming styles and sweet 
designs from which to select your practical 
summer frock. 

(Second Floor) 

VCorrect Apparel/&>*&^ Women <£ Misses 
MERRrrr Building 



The CLUBWOMAN 



flew to the late Joyce Kilmer's "Mirage 

du Cantonment." 

"Man}^ laughing ladies, leisurely and 

wise, 
Low rich voice, delicate gay cries. 
Tea in fragile china cups, ices, maca- 
roons, 
Sheraton and Heppelwhite and old thin 

spoons. 
Rather dim paintings on very high 

walls, 
Windows showing lawns whereon the 

sunlight falls. 
Pink and silver gardens and broad 

kind trees. 
And fountains scattering rainbows at 

the whim of a breeze. 
Fragrance, mirth and gentleness, a 

Summer day. 
In a world that has forgotten every- 
thing but play." 

Frank Discussions 
This year at the suggestion of ^Irs. 
Smith and ready approval of the 
Board, the customary "President's Re- 
ports" were omitted and in their place 
several frank discussions were ar- 
ranged for. The questions : "Do the 
departments of the Federation really 
serve the individual clubs?" "Does 
the Federation magazine, 'The Club- 
woman,' interest you? Can it be im- 
proved?" "Are we satisfied with the 
present methods of securing State and 
District officers?" brought forth many 
startling facts, criticisms and sugges- 
tions for improvement. The liveh^ 
responses demonstrated that the inter- 
est is keen, which was a very encour- 
aging sign, as apathy is the surest proof 
of lack of growth. AVe have been for- 
tunate in having Mrs. Smith, a woman 
who looks facts squarely in the face 
and presents things not as they should 
be but as they actually are. She does 
not trail us off on "accepted theories" 
of club work or club tradition, but bids 
us examine carefully the foundation 
stones of federated club hfe and reject 
or repair all that are not sound in 
practical helpfulness. 

Wednesday Morning 
Wednesday morning Mrs. W. B. 
Bonfils (Annie Laurie) played upon the 
heartstrings of all, and particularly de- 
lighted the voung girls in the balcony 
when admonishing their mothers to al- 



low them more latitude in development. 
AA'ednesday afternoon and Thursday 
morning the Convention had the privi- 
lege of hearing two of our most distin- 
guished women attorneys, Miss Gail 
Laughlin and ]\Irs. Annette Adams, 
Federal Prosecuting Attorney. 

Wednesday Afternoon 

Wednesday afternoon we were driven 
over the winding road which hangs 
above Carquinez Straits, to the lovely 
home of the Carquinez Woman's Club 
of Crockett. Here were more lovely 
ladies, hospitalit)' and bloom. 

Mr. Herman Brouwer, of the War 
Camp Community Service, aroused 
much response, in the evening, with 
community singing of old-time songs 
and war songs. The unison singing 
was followed bj^ a reading of Verdi's 
opera, "II Trovatore," by the pupils of 
Alhambra L'nion High School, assisted 
by several soloists. These children 
study and present several operas each 
^•ear, and thus have a sympath}'' for and 
understanding of the best operatic mu- 
sic developed within them. They looked 



When Winter Lingers 
in the Lap of Spring 



One keeps on good 
terms with the tea 
wagon. Just nozv 
we are showing de- 
lightful ones in 
that cosy, strong 
BROWN FIBRE 
at delightfully low 
prices — and many, 
many graceful 
conceptions in the NATURAL REED are here 
in unbroken assortment. Today, the tea wagon 
rolls in with steaming beverages — tomorrow — 
suddenly — the sun blazes and your tea wagon is 
ready to roll onto the PORCH with an ice- 
tinkling cargo of cooling drinks. 

And here, are all sorts of "better home" fur- 
nishings. 





The CLUBWOMAN 



17 



mightv proud, and well had reason to 
be. 

Mr. Charles Albert Adams discussed 
"A League of Nations.'' The Conven- 
tion passed a resolution favoring such a 
League. 

Thursday Afternoon 

Thursday afternoon ]\Ir. Arthur Far- 
well inspired the Convention with 
"Shaping the Soul of America Through 
Song," and gave us a glimpse of the 
great spirit which unites all of us but is 
seldom heard. The readings by Mrs. 
Oscar Alaillard Bennett and ^liss Flor- 
ence Lutz formed a delightful bridge 



which transported us to the crown of 
the convention — a real J\Iay-pole Dance, 
danced by the daintiest of joyful maids 
personifying the spirit of love and hope 
of Life, the spirit which heals wounds 
and makes the world take heart and go 
on again, covering its wounds and 
building anew. 

After a cup of tea in the court of the 
lovely Martinez School, where the 
meetings of the Convention were held, 
we bid a lingering adieu to our much- 
loved president, greeted our new presi- 
dent, gave many thanks to the hospit- 
able Local Board and were oft to the 
four corners of the District. 



TWENTY-SECOND ANNUAL CONVENTION OF 

SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY DISTRICT ONE OF 

MOST SUCCESSFUL IN HISTORY OF 

THE DISTRICT 

The twenty-second annual conven- 
tion of the San Joaquin Valley District 
Federation of Woman's Clubs was held 
in Reedley. April 23. 24 and 25, the 
A\"oman's Study and Civic Club of 
Reedley, the hostess for the occasion 
and the recently completed clubhouse 
of this club, the convention headquar- 
ters, and setting for the regular sessions 
of the convention. 

The ideal spring weather permitted 
large attendances at all sessions and a 
program planned with a view of pre- 
senting the problems of After-the-W'ar 
work for clubwomen and emphasizing 
their obligations in the reconstruction 
period held closel}- the attention of the 
hearers. An Eastern visitor remarked 
that there was better attention and less 
confusion during the sessions than at 



any convention she had yet attended. 

Much praise is due the local board 
for their splendid arrangements for the 
convention — nothing was left undone 
that could add to the comfort and con- 
venience of the delegates and the atten- 
tion to small details by the local board 
resulted in a three days' session, in 
which there was nothing to mar the 
carrying out of the entire program and 
plan on schedule time. 

The officers and chairmen of the local 
board were the following : 

Chairman, Mrs. D. E. Eymann, pres- 
ident of Woman's Study and Civic Club 
of Reedley. 

Vice-Chairman, Mrs. Charles H. 
Traber. 

Corresponding Secretary, ]\Irs. Geo. 
A^'in£r. 



\ 



Exclusively at Coulter's in Los Angeles 

Lady DufF-Gordon {Inc.) Gowns and Dresses 

Original models of wondrous charm and individuality, for street, afternoon 
and formal wear. ^29.50 and more. 




SEVENTH STREET AT OLIVE 



18 



The CLUBWOMAN 



Recording Secretary, Mrs. S. L. 
Stoner. 

Treasurer, Mrs. J. W. Martin. 

Press, Miss Louise Moore. 

Badges, Mrs. J. W. Masten. 

Information, Mrs. M. O. Sager. 

Hotel and Transportation, Mrs. M. J- 
Wickstrom. 

Decoration, Mrs. I. F. Marlar. 

Automobiles, Mrs. A. E. McClanna- 
han. 

Reception, Mrs. D. E. Eymann. 

Hospitality, Mrs. Maude Howell. 

Entertainment, Mrs. Charles H. Tra- 
ber. 

Music, Mrs. J. D. Hare, Chairman. 

Resolutions, Mrs. Thomas Denham, 
Chairman. 

Credentials, Mrs. George Hobbs. 

Program, Mrs. L,. R. Willson. 

The convention was called to order 
Wednesdajr morning at 10 :30, and after 
unison singing and the invocation, the 
greetings to the convention was given 
by Mrs. D. E. Eymann, the chairman 
of the local board, who, in charming 
manner voiced the welcome of her club, 
saying in part: "There is an especial 
warmth of feeling in our welcome to 
you because of the closeness of the 
bonds that unites us. Our SA'mpathies 
are the same. Your worries and prob- 
lems are our worries and problems. 
Your desires and hopes our desires and 
hopes. What you are trying to ac- 
complish we are trying to accomplish. 
We need your inspiration, we want to 
catch your vision, so that in future we 
may be able to do better work by rea- 
son of your having been here. Our 
club, our homes, our hearts speak a wel- 
come to you." Mrs. George G. Hobbs, 
replying for the delegates in a few well 
chosen words, expressed the apprecia- 
tion of Reedley's welcome and voiced 
the hope that in return for the many 
gifts offered us by the hostess club that 
the convention would leave something 
of value to them. 

The remainder of the morning session 
was devoted to routine business, includ- 
ing the report of the Corresponding 
Secretary. Mrs. George W. Turner; Re- 
cording Secretary, Mrs. William Hil- 
ger ; Treasurer, Mrs. H. E. Armstrong, 
and the four vice-presidents, as follows : 
First, Mrs. W. B. Phillips ; second, Mrs. 



A. D. McLean; third, Mrs. J. F. Bede- 
sen ; fourth, Mrs. J. H. Corcoran ; pres- 
ident, Mrs. W. A. Fitzgerald. The re- 
ports showed that, in spite of the un- 
usual conditions of the past winter, 
much work had been accomplished by 
the officers in district affairs and the 
financial conditoin was in a healthy 
state. 

Distinguished Speakers on Program 

Mrs. L. R. Willson, Chairman of 
Program, presented the splendid array 
of speakers who spoke on subjects that 
are of vital interest to all clubwomen. 

The district had the pleasure of hav- 
ing as its guest during the first days of 
the convention, Mrs. Herbert A. Cable, 
president of the State Federation, 
whose address at the evening session of 
the first da}^, was a message of inspira- 
tion and encouragement to every club- 
woman. In presenting as her subject, 
"A World Ideal," Mrs. Cable very 
clearly pointed the path by which the 
clubs are to do their part in helping to 
realize this great ideal. The provisions 
of Federation were shown to be per- 
fectly adapted to the various phases of 
activity most necessar}' in the recon- 
struction period of today. The need of 
the conservation of children, public 
health and education to a real purpose 
were all emphasized as of vital impor- 
tance, and while Americanization was 
felt to be a need by a few workers be- 
fore the period of war, now it was uni- 
versally recognized by all as one of the 
greatest problems that the nation is fac- 
ing. In closing, Mrs. Cable said the 
boys had learned a new measure of life 
in the service of their country, in that 
they do not query, "What do you do, 
who are you, and how much money 
have you?" But the question is : "What 
have you to give?" and the question to 
ask ourselves is : "What are we going 
to give?" 

Mrs. E. D. Knight, former state pres- 
ident, now state general federation sec- 
retary, was another distinguished guest 
of honor, and in her address, "The Re- 
maining Link," presented the necessity 
of continuing the War Savings Socie- 
ties as a great factor in educating a na- 
tion in thrift. Mrs. Knight gave a 
splendid presentation of her subjct and 
emphasized that we must not lose the 



The CLUBWOMAN 



lessons taught us by the war. not the 
least of which is the necessity to con- 
serve not only the big things but the 
little as well : that thrift means not only 
saving but judicious spending as well. 

The members of the convention were 
delighted that it was possible to have as 
parliamentarian for the sessions Mrs. 
Annie Little Barry, for it hardly seems 
like a real convention in the San Joa- 
quin without Mrs. Barr}'. In addtiion 
to her services as parliamentarian, Mrs. 
Barry, in an address. "Here and There,'' 
presented the great problems of the re- 
construction period dealing with wo- 
men and girls and gave a clear outline 
of the program devised by the Y. W. 
C. A., designed to meet present-day 
conditions. As the Y. W. campaign is 
now on for funds for this work, her 
message was much appreciated by the 
clubwomen who are co-operating with 
the Y. \\'. in this work. 

Mrs. Edith Tate-Thompson, director 
of Tuberculosis of the State Board of 
Health, presented "the Health Situa- 
tion in the San Joaquin Valley," and 
her address was a revelation to many of 
her hearers and her suggestions as to 
the best way in which the women's 
clubs might effectively do their part 
in helping to better the situation met 
with hearty applause. ^Irs. Thompson 
dwelt on the tubercular situation, spoke 
of the need of inspection in the schools 
and our obligation to the returning sol- 
dier with tuberculosis, and in closing 
made an appeal for medical care and 
supervision of the Indians. 

Home Demonstration \\'ork was the 
subject of the splendid address by Miss 
Harriet G. Eddy, state home demon- 
stration leader of the University of 
California. That ^liss Eddy's subject 
was one of particular interest, was evi- 
denced by the number of questions 
which were asked following her talk. 
To many the scope of opportunities of- 
fered by this department had not been 
appreciated until Miss Eddy empha- 
sized the great opportunities offered 
through the home demonstrators. 

The advisability and need of the con- 
tinuance of the Salvage Red Cross 
Shops was very ably presented by ^liss 
Kathleen Booth of the Pacific Division 
of the Red Cross. The display of re- 



constructed garments shown by Miss 
Booth was a revelation as to what 
might be made of what in the past we 
have regarded as useless scraps and 
waste. 

Miss Esto Broughton, chairman of 
Education of the district, and assem- 
blywoman from Stanislaus County,, 
brought an inspiring message to the 
women of her district. Emphasizing 
first woman's responsibilit_v and obliga- 
tion as a citizen, her glorious opportun- 
ity in the world's work today, Miss 
Broughton gave a resume of the dis- 
posal of the bills in which women would 
be most interested, paying particular 
attention to the three measures en- 
dorsed b}' the Legislative Council. In 
introducing Miss IBroughton, Mrs. Fitz- 
gerald said it was a matter of pride that 
California was represented by four wo- 
men in the legislature this year, but 
that San Joaquin had especial cause for 
congratulation as two of the four repre- 
sentatives were from the San Joaquin 
A'alley District — Miss Broughton of 



We Move 

• 

Club women who take advan- 
tage of our 

Removal Sale 

will find it a very profitable 
transaction 

Thousands of Corsets 

Also all Brassieres and silk underwear 

are reduced to make a quick disposal 

before moving day. 






'corset Sho> 

6^3 -So.Bvoadtudv 



20 



The CLUBWOMAN 



Modesto, and Mrs. Grace Dorris of 
Bakersfield. 

Mrs. W. P. Miller's "The Influence of 
War on Literature," was one of the 
most enjoyable features of the program 
and her interpretation of some of the 
War Poetry was splendidly given. Mrs. 
Miller spoke of the various epics of the 
past and prophesied that as epics of the 
past had been written as the result of 
the triumph of a great cause, that in 
the years to come another great epic 
will be written regarding the great 
Avorld war. 

Industrial and Social Conditions in 
the Valley was the problem presented 
by L. B. Mallory, of the State Labor 
Commission. Mr. Mallory's thorous;li 
information on this subject enabled him 
to give an exceedingly clear presenta- 
tion of the problems in the valley and 
of the methods that are being used to 
solve them. 

Harry A. James, director of enter- 
tainment and recreation of the Ameri- 
can Red Cross, gave a much appre- 
ciated talk on Reconstruction Work 
Among the Wounded. Mr. James pic- 
tured by many incidents and stories the 
spirit of the soldiers, even those wound- 
ed beyond hope of future usefulness — 
their courage and their hope for the 
future so indomitable as to refuse to be 
crushed by any cifcumstance. In clos- 
ing, he made a stirring appeal for the 
Victory Loan. 

No address of the entire sessions of 
the convention held more interest than 
that on "The League of Nations," b}^ 
Charles Albert Adams of San Francis- 
co. Mr. Adams, in an academic address 
went into the provisions of the League 
very fully and his subject was eagerly 
followed by a large audience anxious to 
be informed on this vital subject. 

INIiss Doris IMcEntire, in "The Vision 
of the War Poets for the New AVrold." 
gave an interpretation of several of the 
poems that were written during the war 
that will not be soon forgotten. A 
charming personality and an unusual 
voice, well modulated and trained, com- 
bined with rare dramatic talent, make 
Miss McEntire's readings unusually 
fine. 

-Miss Sarah McCardle. Fresno County 
Librarian, in a short, informal talk, told 



the clubwomen the many avenues of 
help and advice ofTered by the County 
Free Library — told how well equipped 
the library is to co-operate with the ac- 
tivities of the clubs. 

Reports of President and District 
Chairmen 

The District President, Mrs. W. A. 
Fitzgerald, in her address, spoke in part 
as follows : "Last year, when we as- 
sembled in annual convention, the ques- 
tion uppermost in all our thoughts was 
how we could best direct our activities, 
best use the machinery of our women's 
organizations in helping to win the 
great war. Our hearts are filled with 
gratitude and thanksgiving that it is 
now our privilege to turn our thoughts 
and our energies to the winning of 
peace. We are deeply conscious of the 
obligations of victory — we realize that 
peace hath its problems no less than 
war — and that it is necessary to mobil- 
ize , our enthusiasm, our strength for 
peace as in the past it was necessary 
to mobilize for war. And as we review 
the work of the federation of the past 
two years, there is no question in our 
minds as to our ability to meet the 
problems of peace — the work of recon- 
struction for the testing time found 
us read3^ and we realize the things of 
which we are capable by virtue of the 
two most crucial years of our exist- 
ence. 

"Today is the time for action ; in the 
past we have been enthused by the vis- 
ion, the ideals, the dreams of the poets 
of the ages — but after all the important 
thing is our reaction to visions, ideals 
and dreams — to be able to translate 
them into terms of everyday life — to 
make them all come true is the impor- 
tant work for us today. Never was 
there such great opportunity for feder- 
ation as that of today, but we must be 
awake to our opportunit)' and ready to 
profit by it. AVomen's clubs must have 
programs with definite aims in view, 
must ofifer channels for the work the 
day is calling on us to do, and federa- 
tion in its various departments and 
activities ofifers us the medium through 
which to make our contribution to the 
world's work today." 

Dr. Flora Smith, chairman of Child 
Welfare, presented a splendid report of 



The CLUBWOMAN 



21 



I 



the work done in the district the past 
vear. Many clubs have been active in 
securing hot lunches for the children ; 
others have assisted in the examination 
and weighing of babies and children ; 
40 children from San Francisco were 
gi\en a several weeks' vacation in coun- 
try homes through the arrangement of 
Dr. Smith : the Friday Club of Fresno, 
of 25 members, raised over $3,000 for 
the children's milk fund in Fresno. 
Eleven babies have been placed in 
splendid homes through the efforts of 
the chairman of this department, and 
two scholarships secured for needy 
children. 

Dr. Georgia Thompson, of the Public 
Health Department, reports that prac- 
tically every club house in the district 
was offered as an emergency hospitiil 
during the epidemic, and those best 
suited for the purpose were used, the 
clubs also raised emergency funds for 
food, clothing and shelter for the poor 
during this period. The Visiting Nurse 
emploA-ed by the clubs of Fresno Coun- 
ty has inspected over 8,000 school chil- 
dren, nursed three months during the 
epidemic, brought many children to the 
hospital for adenoid and tonsil opera- 
tions , others to dental clinic, others to 
have glasses fitted. Through interest 
aroused by the tubercular committee 
of the Parlor Lecture Club of Fresno 
the first open-air school for the child 
not up to normal, physically, has been 
secured. 

In Civics, ^Irs. H. E. Patterson, 
chairman, reports have come of the 
maintenance of the supervision of play- 
grounds by the clubs of Modesto and 
Selma. Almost every club in the dis- 
trict has appointed a committee to 
boost and work for good roads. The 
Modesto ^^'oman's Club has appointed 



a committee at the request of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce to work for a new 
postoffice for Modesto. Porterville 
clubwomen are working for a munici- 
pal auditorium, in which will be rooms 
for the use of the Woman's Club. 

Mrs. Martha Hampton, chairman of 
Legislation, reported many letters writ- 
ten and numerous visits to clubs giving 
addresses on the measures adopted by 
the Legislative Council. Probably more 
legislative programs have been given in 
the district than ever before, practically 
all clubs endorsing the measures of the 
Legislative Council and many personal 
letters and telegrams were sent con- 
cerning the same. 

The importance of the work as out- 
lined by the Department of Social and 
Industrial Conditions, ]\Iiss Frances 
Dean, chairman, has been greatly em- 
phasized by the war. Americanization, 
the living and housing conditions of 
the working women are receiving more 
attention than ever before. 

The Departments of Art, Literature 
and Music have all suffered during the 
war period. But Mrs. T. L. Cummins, 
chairman of Music, reports great in- 
crease of interets in her department re- 
cently : the community sing has been 
much enjoyed and seems to have come 
to stay. -Mrs. Cummins emphasizes the 
number of manuscripts submitted to 
her as evidence of the great array of 
musical talent in the vallev, as manv of 



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The CLUBWOMAN 



these manuscripts are particularh^ high 
grade. 

Mrs. C. K. Crane, chairman of Liter- 
ature, reports that the Literary pro- 
grams have been a great lielp to the 
clubs during the war period, as they 
have served to lessen the tension of 
war work. Some very splendid poetry 
and essays have been written by club- 
women in the district. 

That Art had its part in the great 
war is well brought out in the report of 
Mrs. J. C. C. Russell, chairman of that 
department. Clubs have been request- 
ed, and many have complied with the 
request, to save the posters of the vari- 
ous war drives and present them to the 
clubs, as they will be highly prized in 
the future. 

The chairman of the committee on 
Indian Welfare, Mrs. MoUie B. Flagg, 
impressed so strongly upon her hearers 
our obligation that at the close of her 
address she was handed a check of $100 
and in the neighborhood of $300 was 
given at the convention by voluntary 
contributions. 

Mrs. E. A. Williams, chairman of 
Conservation, also chairman of The 
A'Voman's Committee for the Council of 
Defense of Fresno County, told of the 
co-operation of the clubwomen in all 
lines of conservation. 

Federation Extension and Emblem, 
Mrs. Allan McGregor reported the sale 
of many emblems, and while no new 
clubs had been admitted to the district 
so far, none had withdrawn. Mrs. Mc- 
Gregor, also Mrs. Harvey Anderson, 
state chairman, spoke of County Feder- 
ation as the thing most needed in the 
San Joaquin Valley District. 

i\Irs. George Hobbs, chairman of 
Clubwoman, reminded the delegates to 
renew their subscriptions to the Club- 
woman and spoke of the help to be 
found in the magazine for every club- 
woman. 

Mrs. L. R. A¥illson, chairman Inter- 
national Relations, spoke of the neces- 
sity of cultivating the international 
mind and viewpoint, and she distrib- 
uted much literature regarding the 
League to Enforce Peace. 

Music of the Convention 

Mrs. J. D. Hare, chairman of Music, 
provided splendid music for the entire 



session. Unison singing, under the ca- 
pable leader, Mr. C. F. Miller, Mrs. 
Mable Kelly, violiniste, with Miss Em- 
ma Ruth at the piano, was featured at 
the opening of each session. The school 
children of Reedley, under the leader- 
ship of Professor L. W. Harvey, super- 
visor of music, furnished delightful mu- 
sic at the daily sessions. Mrs. Mable 
Kelly, Mrs. Roy Whittington, Mrs. L. 
H. Hj^man, Miss Carnegie-Pryor con- 
tributed-splendid violin numbers. Mrs. 
Lena Schrack Shepherd, Mrs. C. O. 
Patten, Miss Neva Eymann, rendered 
beautiful vocal numbers, and Miss Es- 
ther gave a brilliant piano solo, and 
Mrs. Harry Coffee gave a delightful 
fjioup of piano numbers. The Reedlcj, 
Male Chorus, under the leadership of 
Mr. C. F. Miller, was a much-appre- 
ciated feature of the musical part of the 
convention. And in the appearance oi 
the trio, Miss Harriet Bennett, soprano: 
Mr. Harold Hughes, baritone ; Mr. Earl 
Towner at the piano, an unusually bril- 
liant program was offered, and particu' 
larly attached to this program as the 
greater part of the program was made 
up of compositions, the music of which 
was written by Mr. Towner, the words 
bv Mr. Hughes. The splendid rendi- 
tion of this trio of artists made the pro- 
gram one of unusual excellence. 
Special Features and Entertainment 
Lender the supervision of Mrs. Chas. 
H, Traber, chairman of Entertainment, 
following the first day's session, an in- 
formal tea was featured at the club- 
house ; after the second day's session a 
lawn fete was given at the high school, 
and a more ideal spot for a garden party 
would be hard to find. At the close of 
the third day an automobile ride was 
taken to the beautiful country soots 
near Reedley, and in the evening a ban- 
quet was tendered to the state and dis- 
trict officers and the delegates. The 
toastmistress, Mrs. D. E. Eymann, was 
the ringmaster, and those responding 
were the various attractions of a circus. 
This gave opportunity for much that 
was clever and witty in the various re- 
sponses, each ending with a sober re- 
flection or a moral cleverly pointed. 
These social occasions gave splendid 
opportunity for renewing old acquaint- 
ances and making new ones. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



23 



LOS ANGELES DISTRICT CONVENTION EPOCHAL 

OFFICERS ELECTED AND FUTURE OF 

HARMONY AND ACHIEVEMENT 

PREDICTED 

By MRS. HARRY S. DUFFIELD, Press Chairman 

THE SPIRIT AND THE SETTING and budding blossoms that overhang 

trellises and peep in at open windows ; 
the wide, lovely vistas of enchanting 
homes nestled among the nearby hills, 
that forbids unlovely moods and malig- 
nant thoughts and engenders good tem- 
per and graciousness instead. It must 
be so, for never were hostesses more 
untiring, more smiling, more omnipres- 
ent, than were those who looked to the 
needs and pleasures of visitors and dele- 
gates, and never was business con- 
ducted with greater dispatch or less 
friction. 



Studied from within and without, the 
^^'oman■s Clubhouse of Hollywood, 
California, in which the Eighteenth An- 
nual Convention of the Los Angeles 
District, California Federation of Wo- 
men's Clubs, was held April 7, 8 and 9. 
1919, presents a fine example of good 
taste and convenience. It is large, light 
and airy, and apparently ever}' phase of 
club life has been reckoned with in the 
planning of it. Everything about it 
might be expressed in the one word, 
"satisfying." There is an atmosphere 
of brightness and fragrance and har- 
mony which characterizes it, and there 
is a witchery about the radiant sun- 
shine that plays about it; the delicate 
odors from neighboring orange groves 



"A Sprig of Rosemary" 

Following the call to order of the 
convention by the president, Mrs. Mat- 
tison B. Jones, and the invocation by 
Rev. James Hamilton Lash, the assem- 
bly paid silent tribute for a brief mo- 



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24 



The CLUBWOMAN 



ment to two dear departed co-workers, 
Mrs. W. C. Mushet, past president, 
Los Angeles District, and Mrs. L. C. 
Hall, vice-president, Inyo County, who 
recently passed into the light of another 
existence. 

Roll Call of Clubs 

A summing up of the two-minute re- 
ports brought in by the 100 club presi- 
dents or alternates, who responded to 
roll call of clubs, showed a rapid read- 
justment to post-war conditions with a 
broadening of club lines to meet pres- 
ent-day requirements. Americaniza- 
tion work is being taken up by many, 
while others told of fostering civic im- 
provements, public philanthropies and 
community center projects; child wel- 
fare, social service and looking to the 
needs of the returned service men. 

A resume of the war work done by 
the individual clubs was not included 
in these reports, as a record of this, 
compiled by Mrs. Mary Coman, chair- 
man of Industrial and Social Progress, 
was featured in the Convention Pro- 
gram, pages 25 to 33, inclusive. 
Reports of Officers and Chairmen 

The district president, in closing her 
comprehensive report, recommended 
that the district dues be raised and that 
a permanent office, with a paid execu- 
tive secretary in charge, be established, 
in order that the District Board, v/hich 
belongs to all the Federated Clubs, 
might give to these clubs at all times 
expert advice and assistance, as well 
as speakers. 

That the district is growing was 
shown by the report of Mrs. J. B. 
Stearns, vice-president and chairman of 
Federation Extension, who read the 
names of eight newly-federated clubs, 
and that it is not only solvent, but in a 
better financial condition than ever be- 
fore at this time of the year, was clearly 
established by the financial statement 
rendered by the treasurer. Mrs. Chas. 
A. Wiley, and attested by Mrs. F. A. H. 
Fysh, district auditor. 

Another financial report of interest 
was that of Mrs. Jonathan S. Dodge, 
district chairman. War Victory Com- 
mission. In all, the Federated Clubs of 
the State have contributed, it was 
shown, in the neighborhood of $10,500 
to this fund, more than double the 



amount necessary to equip and main- 
tain its own complement of workers in 
the Rest Areas in France. These 
trained workers are doing a noble work, 
it was stated, in cheering homesick and 
convalescing American soldiers on fur- 
loughs to these Rest Areas, where Cali- 
fornia is being most ably represented 
by Miss Teresa Cogswell, of Pomona, 
and Miss Helen Wisler, a member of 
the Friday Morning Club, Los Angeles. 
Lack of space forbids more than a 
mention at this time of the many excel- 
lent reports submitted by other officers 
and chairmen of departments, all of 
which show a wonderful year of 
achievement, but the hope is cherished 
by the district press chairman that they 
may be given publication in subsequent 
issues of the Clubwoman. 

Review of Addresses 
"New occasions teach new duties, time 
Makes ancient good uncouth ; 
They must upward still and onward 
Who would keep abreast of truth." 

I 

Right well do these lines of Lowell's 
define the course of Federated Woman- 
hood, and rightly were they chosen to 
sound the keynote of the Convention. 
Mrs. Mattison B. Jones, the president, 
set the refrain, which was caught up 
and carried on by each speaker in turn, 
first in her report and again in her ad- 
dress, "Looking Forward," which is 
given in part : 

"We are living in a wonderful age," 
said Mrs. Jones, "carrying with it many 
privileges and responsibilities." 

"If we are to make such an age fulfill 
its prophecy in Federation work, four 
things are necessary. First, we need 



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The CLUBWOMAN 



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I 



more funds, in order to properl}" finance 
our work ; second, we need more youth 
in our ranks in order to ha^-e more re- 
serve ; third, we need more expert edu- 
cation leaders in order to further our 
educational work ; fourth, we need a 
broader outlook, in order to better 
serve humanity. 

"I hope in another year to see this 
district raise the amount of dues paid 
for district work, and that paid organ- 
izers and leaders may be secured to pro- 
mote all educational work. 

"If each district chairman could se- 
cure a specialist who would hold regu- 
lar institutes for the chairmen of de- 
partments in every federated club, and 
systematic work be carried back to the 
clubs by their own chairmen, we should 
really become a wonderful post-gradu- 
ate organization ; understanding and 
co-operation are required for this, as 
well as more funds in our treasury. 

"Club women have been called the 
"guardians of public intelligence, the 
extra school room teachers who are try- 
ing to bring their academic studies 
down to date and put the decisions of 
the class room to work in the World." 

"Let us urge our department chair- 
men to keep in close touch with all 
educational bills, State and National, 
and each chairman of an}' club depart- 
ment should be instructed to keep in 
touch with vital affairs in Washington, 
as well as in her own State. 

"The Federal Departments of Labor 
and of the Interior have already called 
upon the club women to lend their or- 
ganizations in the reconstruction prob- 
lems of Industrial Condition, Child 
A\'elfare and Americanization. 

"Let us stop theorizing now and be- 
gin practical work. One of our clubs 
has already demonstrated what can be 
done in a small community by personal 
work in Americanization. A\'e must 
begin at the bottom and work up. Only 
by practicing democracy can we build a 
democracy. 

"I hope the speakers, discussions 
and reports of this Convention will in- 
spire every woman here to assist in fur- 
thering our great task of Americaniza- 
tion, which, as Secretary Lane has said, 
'is to make an American out of one who 
was not born here, bv making him come 



to see that the inspirations, policies and 
aspirations of .\merica are those that 
best suit him." 

"What can youth bring to the Feder- 
ation? At one of the biennials where 
this subject- was discussed a speaker 
said : 

"The great question of tomorrow 
germinates and grows in the heart of 
youth ;" so we should attract, train and 
use youth now in our Federation. 

"The A'oung college graduate will 
bring renewed vigor and interest to the 
departments of music, art and litera- 
ture, as well as invigorating the social 
activities of our organizations, thus re- 
lie\-ing the daily grind of club work. 

"Who will do the Federation work of 
tomorrow? The youth of today. What 
are we doing tu interest and attract 
them so that they will not shun our 
clubs as being too high-brow? 

"I remember reading a beautiful old 
folk tale called 'Old Wives Will.' This 
old mill stood at the cross-roads of life 
— so the story goes, inviting all who 
would to bring their burdens of years 
there to be ground over. 

"After going through this mill one 
could come out young, rosy and beauti- 
ful. The one price to pay was that each 
applicant must vow to live her life over 
again, exactly as she had lived it — in 
every detail. 

"One after another the old women 
toiled up the long slope and set down 
the burden of their days and years and 
eagerlv asked to enter in. Upon being 
told the conditon each one hesitated 
and pleaded to be allowed to omit this 
or that experience : but the master of 
the mill was inflexible. So each went 



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The CLUBWOMAN 



her way again as she was, for there was 
not one who would accept her renewed 
youth at the price of repeating her fol- 
hes and failures. 

"One after another took up her bur- 
den and disappeared over the brow of 
the hill. So far the old tale, but a mod- 
ern writer has written the following 
sequel : 'The spirit of the new century 
adds a new ending. In our mind's eye 
we see coming to ineet these bent old 
forms a laughing, joyous procession of 
youthful pilgrims. We see youth lift 
the burdens from the aged and they sit 
down by the roadside and talk it over. 

"The older ones confess 'We longed 
to be }^oung again, so that we might 
live out what truth and what wisdom 
we had winnowed from the chaff. ' 

"The younger generation answers 
quickly,' We will lend you our youth, 
our fresh strength, our enthusiasm and 
our joy.' The older ones smile and say, 
'How gladly we will lend you our ex- 
perience and our judgment. And to- 
gether we will carry life forward.' 

"Why can we not have girls' auixila- 
ries in our clubs? Look at the Y. W. 
C. A. ! The Girl Reserves will mean a 
great harvest for that efficient organiz- 
ation. 

"In the present age we need to utilize 
every factor which will increase our 
efficiency. 

"Victor Hugo wrote the following 
lines some years ago on 'The Present 
Age,' which might have been penned 
for today : 

" 'Now there is a world in which all 
is alive, united, combined, related, min- 
gled together ; a world where reign 
thought, commerce, industry ; where 
politics, continually more settled, tends 
to associate itself with science, a world 
where the day grows into each minute ; 
a world in which distance has disap- 
peared, where Constantinople is nearer 
to Paris than Lyons was a century 
ago, where America and Europe throb 
Avith the same pulsations of the heart.' 

"Let us proclaim it firmly, proclaim 
it even in fall and defeat, this age is the 
grandest of all ages * * * 

"This age dignifies woman. * * * 

"This age proclaims the sovereignty 
of the citizen, and the inviolability of 



life ; it crowns the people and conse- 
crates man. 

"It annihilates time, it annihilates 
distance, it annihilates suffering ; it 
writes a letter from Paris to London, 
and has the answer back in ten min- 
utes ; it cuts off the leg of a man — the 
man sings and smiles." 

"Is not this a picture of today? Do 
not these words inspire in our minds 
that the task of tomorrow is that of re- 
moving the old walls of prejudice from 
aroimd the fields of thought, commerce, 
industry, nationality and progress, so 
that there shall be no more hatreds, no 
more wars — but a new life and a broth- 
erhood of nations? 

■'What can our clubs do to further 
this great task? Program builders 
should give to their clubs carefully pre- 
pared and ably led studies along 
prophetic lines of the new era, which 
we are now facing, and of the new In- 
ternationalism. Clubs should study the 
governments of other countries, as well 
as our own, and since our club forums 
are the medium of publicity for diversi- 
fied subjects let us see to it that authen- 
tic information is properly presented. 

"Last but not least, is the stupendous 
task of tearing down the stubborn walls 
of militarism and building a peace-lov- 
ing united world. 

"Are we ready for this new task?" 

iVIrs. Robert J. Burdette, a member of 
the Reconstruction Committee, formed 
under a legislative act, bespoke sus- 
tained eft'ort and a solidarity of purpose 
on the part of the women in the work 
of industrial reconstruction, so urgent 
at this tiine. 

"The New Humanity" was the topic 
of Dr. James S. Francis' address. "One 
of the big lessons taught by the war 
is that of religious tolerance," he point- 
ed out, "and the greatest need of the 
present, world reciprocity, which will 
find its expression in the League of Na- 
tions." Upon the women he placed the 
burden of the education of the child. 

Mrs. W'illoughby Rodman plead with 
her usual eloquence and feeling for a 
continuance of giving on the part of the 
women as regards money and clothing 
for the orphans of ravaged Europe, and 
Rabbi Edgar F. Magnin gave a strong 



The CLUBWOMAN 



27 



and convincing discource on "Ameri- 
canization." 

Miss Virginia E. Graef. of the Cleve- 
land School of Art and Civic Center, a 
woman of broad culture and aesthetic 
training, gave an authoritative address 
on "The Civic Center," an,d Miss Har- 
riet Robbins told of the enlarged scope 
and good work of the Y. W. C. A. 

Most informally and by aid of maps 
and charts, Mr. Thomas W. Sloan, dep- 
uty forest supervisor, described "Our 
Natural Forests in California and Their 
A'alue." From the intelligent questions 
and remarks from the floor, it was dis- 
coA'ered that not a few in the audience 
were more than ordinarily well in- 
formed on the subject. 

Mrs. Jessica Hazard made some valu- 
able and interesting observations along 
the lines of "Home Economics" and 
"The Community Kitchen." The lat- 
ter, it was stated, had not been found to 
be generally practicable. 

"Comparison of the Vienna and Paris 
Peace Conferences," by Rev. E. Stan- 
ton Hodgin, was the last and perhaps 
the most popular of the addresses pre- 
sented, leastwise it received unusually 
hearty and persistent applause. 

Senator Phelan's address is men- 
tioned under another heading. 

Business 

The election was the one paramount 
issue, which resulted as follows : 

President — Mrs. Sidney Thomas 
Exley. 

Vice-Presidents — Mrs. Charles E. 
Ashcroft, Los Angeles county ; Mrs. 
George L. Vanderhyte, Inyo county ; 
Mrs. Jennie M. Johnson, San Luis Obis- 
po county ; Mrs. M. A. Levy, Santa 
Barbara county; Mrs. D. W. Mott, 
Ventura county. 

Recording Secretary — Mrs. J. S. 
Trewhella. 

Treasurer— Mrs. S. T. Bicknell, 

Auditor— Mrs. Orpha W. Foster. 

Credentials — ]\Trs. Fred Kellogg. 

Resolutions — Mrs. J. B. Stearns. 

Votes of thanks were extended to the 
speakers of the convention and Conven- 
tion Committee, to the organizations 
who lent aid and to the press ; and three 
resolutions were passed upon favorably 
without amendment. The first had to 



do with the according of advance pub- 
licity to other clubs by permitting the 
posting of notices on club bulletin 
boards, and the second was the voicing 
of approval of the entrance of the 
United States into a League of Nations. 
The third favored assembly bill No. 46 
and Senate bill No. 639, providing for 
a market commission, composed of 
three persons. 

A single proposed amendment to the 
district b_v-laws, tending to reduce the 
number of delegates to the convention 
from two delegates to every 100 mem- 
bers of a club to one delegate to every 
100 members, to make representation 
correspond with the requirements of 
the state by-laws, was voted down. 

Purposeful Reciprocity 

Mrs. Ellen French Aldrich, president 
Twentieth Century Club of Sawtelle ; 
Mrs. Lurah Davis, president Crafts 
Study Club; Mrs. Thomas B. Stowell, 
president AA^oman's Club, University 
of Southern California, and Mrs. Clay- 
ton R. Taylor, president Pasadena 
Sharkespeare .Club, expressing the 
viewpoint of the big and little club, re- 
spectively, led an open discussion, Mon- 
day afternoon, which brought out many 
original and helpful ideas as to purpose- 
ful reciprocity. All were apparently in 
agreement as to the value and benefits 
derived from these interchanges of club 
courtesy, albeit a final judgment was 
handed down in favor of shorter pro- 
grams on such occasions. 

Divertisements 

Much inspiration, as well as diver- 
sion, was gained by the interested num- 
bers who lingered to witness a demon- 
stration of what can be done by a club 
in a creative way, Tuesday afternoon, 
4:30 to 5:30 o'clock, when two one-act 
comedies and a scene from Shakes- 
peare's Hamlet were staged by groups 
of artists under the direction of Mrs. 
W. H. Anderson, district chairman of 
drama. Mrs. Anderson hopes to see, 
eventually, a drama section in every 
club in the district. 

Through the joint courtesy of the 
hostess club and the Hollywood Board 
of Trade, an automobile trip in and 
about the picturesque and lovely con- 



28 



The CLUBWOMAN 



fines of Hollywood was enjoyed by 
guests and delegates, Wednesday after- 
noon, following the close of the session. 

A pretty scene, enacted during the 
closing hours, was the presentation of a 
beautiful ring of unique design and 
workmanship to I\Irs. Jones, as a token 
of affectionate regard on the part of the 
donors, the officers and department 
chairmen of the district. The presenta- 
tion was made by Mrs. C. H. Ritchie. 
Further significance was given the oc- 
casion by the placing of the ring on the 
hand of the outgoing president, Mrs. 
Jones, by the in-coming president, Mrs. 
Sidney Thomas Exley, at the sugges- 
tion of Mrs. F. T. Bicknell. 

Another episode of interest was the 
tendering of a lovely basket of flowers 
to Miss Jessica Lawrence, president of 
the hostess club, in recognition of the 
efficient and very gracious manner in 
which she and the members of the local 
board and convention committees had 
discharged the arduous hostess duties 
of the convention. 

Music and Entertainments 

Assembly singing was featured at 
both morning and afternoon sessions, 
with Mrs. A. R. Gates, altruistic chair- 
man, or Mrs. Norton Jamison, first vice- 
present. National Federation of Music 
Clubs, leading, and JNIrs. Alba J. Padg- 
ham, state chairman of music, presid- 
ing at the piano. Patriotic numbers, 
it was noticed, were sung with spirit 
and an encouraging familiarity with 
both tune and words. 

Vocal and instrumental music of a 
more ambitious character, both solo 
and ensemble, was reserved for the 
evenings, when the sessions tended to 
the lighter side, wtih the one exception 
of Tuesdaj^ evening. On that occasion 
the public was invited to meet with the 
members of the convention in the First 
Methodist Church, Holl3'wood, and lis- 
tened to an address by United States 
Senator James D. Phelan, on "The New 
Internationalism." An organ solo by 
Mrs. Graham S. Putnam, president of 
the McDowell Club of Ahied Arts, as- 
sembly singing led by Carl Bronson 
and the Wednesday Morning and West 



Ebell Club Chorals, and instrumental 
numbers by a double string quartet 
from the Woman's Orchestra, under the 
direction of Bessie Fuhrer-Erb, concert 
master, furnished the musical setting 
for this forceful and scholarly exposi- 
tion of the functions of a League of Na- 
tions, with some digressing comments 
on the desirability of restricting immi- 
gration from the Orient. 

The feature Monday evening was a 
brilliant musicale and reception, ten- 
dered officers and delegates by the hos- 
tess club. Miss Jessica Lawrence, pres- 
ident of the Holl3'wood Woman's Club, 
presided and extended greetings, to 
which Airs. Mattison B. Jones respond- 
ed on behalf of the delegates. Mrs. 
Herbert A. Cable, state president .and 
Mrs. Josiah Evans Cowles, general 
federation president, graced the occa- 
sion with their presence and delivered 
messages of prophecy and promise, 
Mrs. Cowles commenting favorably on 
the excellence of the program and mak- 
ing a plea for a more generous support 
of the Clubwoman and Federation 
Magazine. Harold Proctor, tenor, ren- 
dered artistic numbers, assisted by Miss 
]\Iarguerite Hicks, accompanist. Punch 
and refreshments were served in the 
banquet hall, where a stringed orches- 
tra was in attendance. 

Federation Banquet 

The culminating event eagerly looked' 
forward to by visitors and guests dur- 
ing the three days preceding was the 
banauet Wednesday evening, at the 
Hollywood Hotel. The colorful, joy- 
ous scene was enlivened by the artistic 
singing of Mr. and Mrs. Norman Hass- 
ler and an exuberant flow of eloquence 
and wit that kept the banqueters in a 
merry mood until a late hour. The 
speakers of the evening were Anthony 
Stokes Bennett, Carlos S. Hardy and 
Mattison B. Jones, with John Steven 
McGroarty, author, poet and dramatist, 
as toastmaster. Introductory remarks 
were made bv 3,Irs. Mattison B. Tones, 
retiring president, and Mrs. Sidney 
Thomas Exley, president-elect. Many 
distinguished guests were present. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



29 



SOUTHERN DISTRICT REPORT 1918-1919 

MRS. J. J. SUESS, President 



FORWORD 

Owing- to war conditions and the In- 
fluenza epidemic, Federation activities 
in the Southern District has been con- 
siderabl}' hindered during' the past club 
year. 

The first work in the fall after the 
summer vacation, was to make com- 
plete preparation for the Annual Dis- 
trict Con\-ention, to be held in Ontario, 
November 13 to 15 : the next thing was 
to post pone it and again begin prepa- 
rations for a January meeting. A sec- 
ond postponement was found necessary 
and it has since been planned to hold a 
one-day business session of the South- 
ern District, at Coronado, May 13, the 
day preceding the State Convention. 

"While it appears that the work of 
the District has failed, in reality the 
federation was never in better form 
than now. For the five Countv Federa- 
tions which make up the body of the 
Southern District are in prosperous 
condition. 

Local affairs have demanded unusual 
attention during the past winter and 
the County Federtaion, as demonstrat- 
ed here, is the ideal organization to cre- 
ate co-operation in communites having 
common interests. ' 

In all the countv conventions there 
has been a splendid spirit of friendli- 
ness and neighborliness that has made 
federation worth while. In these gath- 
erings the club leaders get their broader 
vision of department work, and return 
to their own club with the determina- 
tion to keep up with the spirit of the 
times. It is here also that club women 
becomes united in their efforts for bet- 
ter conditions and higher standards of 
living. 

Each of the five coimties has had its 
annual convention during the past 
month, and the reports of these conven- 
tions, as given in this number of The 
Clubwoman, sums up the year's work 
of the Southern District, and shows to 
a marked degree the splendid things ac- 
complished by the organization of the 
Countv Federation. 



SAN DIEGO COUNTY FEDERA- 
TION CONVENTION REPORT 



By Mrs. Bertram Holmes, Press 
Chairman 



With nearly three hundred persons 
in attendance, the twenty-second an- 
nual spring convention of the San 
Diego County Federation of Women's 
Clubs was held April 10, in San Diego, 
at the Central Christian Church, with 
Mrs. A. W. Woh'lford, president, in the 
chair, and Mrs. T. J. IJryan as parlia- 
mentarian. 

The morning session opened with 
prayer, assembly singing and solos. 
There were two-minute reports from 
the officers of the executive board : 
Vice-Presidents Mrs. W. A. Crane, 
Mrs. W^ O. Sanford, Mrs. J. W^ Fisher; 
Corresponding Secretary Mrs. W. H. 
Beers; Recording Secretary Mrs. Ber- 
tram Holmes; Treasurer (pro tem.) 
Mrs. Ella B. Woodworth ; Auditor (pro 
tem.) Mrs. Nora Matzen. 

In the president's report, Mrs. Wohl- 
ford spoke of the year being unique in 
its disturbances and strenuous war ac- 
tivities, but said that in the new feder- 
ation year all clubs and club members 
would do their utmost to prove the 
value of the organization of which each 
is a unit. 

Discuss Convention Theme 

Adhering to the theme for the con- 
^■ention, "Reconstruction — At Home," 




THIS MAKES IT 
CLEANER AND BETTER 



The Government wants you to eat more Wheat so 
consume Golden Age Macaroni, Spaghetti and 
Noodles. Best in the world. 

BRADLEY-KUHL CO., Agents 
929Higgins BIdg. Main 4871 65347 



30 



The CLUBWOMAN 



a symposium, "Our Count}' Assets," 
was arranged. Dr. Mary Ritter told 
something of her work in the Govern- 
ment Social Service. "It has been rec- 
ommended," she said, "that San Diego 
be made the model place for reconstruc- 
tion work on the Pacific Coast, as it has 
the opportuntiy of no other city for 
doing constructive and reconstructive 
work at home." 

Dr. Ritter urged that delinquent wo- 
men be placed on a farm for a time to 
teach them farming and household du- 
ties. "The government will assist," the 
doctor continued, "if San Diego will do 
its part." 

Miss Marian Beasley, of the San 
Diego State Normal School, spoke on 
"The Stranger Within Our Gates," 
meaning the foreign-American, who has 
the right to citizenship but who does 
not speak English. Miss Beasley 
brought out the fact that there was 
ten per cent illiteracy in every training 
camp in the country, exclusive of the 
negro. These illiterates are Americans. 

The speaker said in part, "It's- up to 
the women to insist on the teaching of 
English and to give the rudiments of 
an education in a twentieth century 
manner, not with methods used for the 
juvenile mind. A powerful incentive, 
perhaps a different one to each indi- 
vidual, should be given to create an 
interest and arouse a desire to learn." 

Dr. Edgar L. Hewitt, of the govern- 
ment child welfare bureau, with the 
topic. "Our Work in Child Conserva- 
tion," stated the need for appraising 
the children of the country, especially 
those of pre-school age. 

"When we appraised our man-power 
in its prime of life," he said, "it was 
found disappointing, as one-third was 
not up to the standard required to serve 
the country abroad and the two-thirds 
passed only from eight_y to eighty-five 
per cent of the test. 

"Of the three hundred thousand chil- 
dren who die each year from prevent- 
able causes, if only one hundred thou- 
and could be saved, it would make up 
the numerical compensation of the 
man-power lost in the war (seventy-six 
thousand). 

"Why not have pedigreed children 
with good, clean blood, as well as pedi- 



greed cattle?" 

Judge Spencer M. Marsh, of the San 
Diego Juvenile Court, on the topic, 
"Our Citizens in the Making," spoke 
of the influence of environment on the 
morals of children, as well as their 
physical wellbeing, and stated that the 
surroundings of at least two thousand 
families in San Diego were bad. 

"There are now," said the judge, 
"three hundred and fifty children on 
probation here, and I wonder that even 
more do not become delinquent under 
their home conditions." 

At the luncheon, the reports of the 
department chairmen were given. Dis- 
cussion was animated. 

Speaker Features Session 

For the afternoon session the princi- 
pal speaker was Dr. John M. Brewer, 
of the Los Angeles State Normal 
School, whose appearance was a gift to 
the convention by Mrs. Wohlford. 

Dr. Brewer's subject, "Education and 
the Industrial Unrest," was pertinent 
to the present-day problems that are 
occupying the minds of the world, and 
he suggested that organizations of this 
nature (women's clubs), could do more 
than any other agency to solve the 
problem of general education. 

"Industrial knowledge is necessary," 
said Dr. Brewer, "in order to develop 
the right ideas of political economy. 
Otherwise, people will develop their 
own. perhaps the wrong sort. 

"The Seattle strike is the closest we 
have come to a general strike in this 
country, and they weathered it because 
they were prosperous, according to 
Mayor Hansen. What if the men had 
been starving? 

"Industrial managers recognize the 
need of education for their emploves to 
gain greater efficiency and manv facto- 
ries are allowing their men schooling 
on Daid time. 

"There would not be so many unem- 
ploved if we would educate them from 
childhood with a definite aim for their 
value in the industrial world. 

"Many thin9s taught in civics at 
school are imimportant, while many 
vital things are untouched. We should 
be taught the relation of employer and 
employe, about wages, hiring and fir- 
ing men, etc. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



31 



"Children should be awakened to 
their opportunities and their civic re- 
sponsibilites ; they should learn co- 
operation under the guidance of the 
teacher. 

"To settle these great industrial 
questions confronting us, we need fur- 
ther enlightenment." 

The afternoon session closed with 
music and announcement from the elec- 
tion board : President. Mrs. A. W . 
W'ohlford : \'ice-Presidents, Mrs. F. \\'. 
Haman. Mrs. Edgar I. Kendall, Mrs. 
May French Worth ; Corresponding 
Secretary, Mrs. H. W. Beers ; Record- 
ing Secretary, Mrs. C. E. Rinehart : 
Treasurer, Mrs. Ella B. \\^oodworth ; 
Auditor, Mrs. T- C. Snook. 



SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY 
CONVENTION 



The San Bernardino County Conven- 
tion was held at Grand Terrace. April 
15, with an attendance of several hun- 
dred club women. 

President's Report 

The San Bernardino County Federa- 
tion of \\'omen's Clubs has made his- 
tory for itself very rapidly since our 
country entered the war — up to that 
time it has concerned itself only with 
county interests. 

With the organization of the many 
Avar activities, the war year's president 
found herself attending many organiza- 
tion and committee meetings. These 
calls were very gratifying, and no one 
was ever neglected. Needless to say, 
they brought with them responsibilities 
which were assumed by the clubs, from 
Ontario to Needles. They assumed the 
entire responsibility for the "Denial 
Jars'' for the fatherless children of 
France throughout the country. 

The year from April, 1918' to 1919, 
was the most notable club year in its 
history, as it was called upon to do 
greater work than ever before and 
under the greatest handicap club life 
has ever felt, namely, the influenza 
epidemic. 

While the Federation as a whole 
was forced to abandon its mid-year 
convention, after several postpone- 
ments, it was able to hold all regular 
board meetings each month. 



The following are some of the things 
in which the clubs have interested 
themselves : The Susan B. Anthony 
.\mendment : Prohibition measures ; 
the three bills endorsed by the Wom- 
en's Legislative Council ; all child wel- 
fare measures; all child welfare work; 
County telephone situation ; a woman 
candidate for County supervisor ; 
Countv institutions — the County Hos- 
pital having been given genuine Christ- 
mas cheer, its first year in its new 
home ; a hundred gift boxes, a tree and 
a real Santa Claus. The Clubs fur- 
nishing aside from this during the year 
fresh fruits, jellies, preserves and other 
comforts for patients and nurses. Thev 
have also assisted in recruiting nurses 
for the now accredited training school. 
Two groups of trees have been planted 
on hospital grounds. 

The following subjects have been 
presented from convention platforms : 
"The justice of our cause," "Countv 
Unit of School administration." "Binet 
(mentality) Tests," "work, of home 
demonstration agent from University 
of California ; "work of County Tuber- 
culosis nurse" and Americanization 
exemplified by having the National 
airs of our allies sung in their native 
tongue. A telegram was sent to the 
Governor from the Convention asking 
him to sign Senate Bill 264. (Bill 
against imitation milk.) 

The chairmanships of History and 
Landmarks, with a standing commit- 
tee on Indian Welfare, an Advisory 
Committee to the Social Service chair- 
man and a Historian have been added 
to the Board. 

A new club. The Mountain \' iew 




Manufacturer! of 
HOME-MADE 



HIGH-GRADE FLOUR 

AND ALL KINDS OF CEREALS 
Los Angeles, Cal. 



32 



The CLUBWOMAN 



Country Club of Ontario, was a visitor 
at our Convention and has since sig- 
nified its intention to join us. 

A Board meeting was held in ever}' 
Club town, except Needles, and to 
them I made a personal visit. 

FLORENCE-DODSON SCHONE- 
MAN, President. 



RIVERSIDE COUNTY 
CONVENTION 



Mrs. Clark McEuen, President 

The fifth annual convention of the 
Riverside County Federation of Wom- 
en's Clubs was held at the club house 
of the Beaumont Woman's Club on 
April 26th. 

The morning program consisted of 
the splendid reports of officers and 
chairmen of departments. Mrs. G. G. 
Cole, district chairman of Child Wel- 
fare, called the attention of all club- 
women to the fact that physical wel- 
fare is not the only good we ask for 
children. Their mental and spiritual 
growth must be likewise stimulated in 
order to make of them good citizens. 
Dr. Louise Harvey Clarke gave the 
final report of Children's Year in our 
county. The last drive for weighing 
and measuring was a real county af- 
fair, every community but one small 
one responding to the call. The Ban- 
ning record was mentioned as being 
especially good. 

The chairman of Country Life, l\Irs. 
H. E. DeNyse, gave a short history of 
the federation in our county and Avhat 
it had really accomplished. She gave 
the county women credit for the For- 
estry Board, the farm bureau, the Chil- 
dren's Clinic and some social service 
work. Continued support of these 
things was earnesth' urged. Good 
roads, rural schools, auto camp grounds 
and a national park of Palm .Can3^on 
received attention. 

Mrs. K. R. Smoot roused new en- 
thusiasm for the forestry work and her 
motion that a committee be appointed 
to aid in making plans was carried. 

The Press report was given by Mrs. 
A. E. Davis. 

During the past year women served 
on the Grand Jury for the first time. 



Mrs. F. J. Mueller of Corona was one 
of these and was appointed on the 
committee to look into county institu- 
tions. Her report of the activities of 
the grand jur}' was one of the good 
talks of the day. She thinks this body 
should have more power or be abol- 
ished. 

The district chairman of Legisla- 
tion, JNIrs. A. J. Lawton of Santa Ana, 
told most interestingly of her visit to 
the legislature. The three bills backed 
b}' the women of the state were men- 
tioned and an account given of our 
women legislators. Only good will 
and praise seem to follow these women. 

The presidents of all clubs in the 
county were asked for suggestions as 
to how the count}' federation might 
serve them. Many clubs asked for 
speakers and for help in making pro- 
grams. Much appreciation for past 
services of the federation was voiced. 

The afternoon was devoted to the 
subject of county charities and the 
best way to administer relief. The 
federation has been much interested in 
this subject for some time. San Ber- 
nardino County has the much talked 
of County ^^^elfare Commission and 
Rev. Dalph Smith, head of the com- 
mission, told of their trials and tri- 
tunphs. He strongly recommended 
that Riverside County follow the same 
plan. Mrs. Cornelia McKinne Stan- 
wood, executive secretary of the State 
Board of Charities and Corrections, en- 
couraged the same idea. She carefully 
outlined the plan presented and ear- 
nestly urged that the change come 
from within. The supervisors should 
request the survey of relief work, and 
all forces should work in harmony. 
y\fter spirited discussion a resolution 
was presented asking that our super- 
visors request this survey, and it was 
unanimously adopted. 

Other resolutions adopted were one 
asking the governor to sign the farm 
school bill, one approving the plan of 
making Palm Canyon a national park, 
one thanking the physicians of the 
county for their aid during Children's 
Year, one signifying approval of the 
work of our senator and assemblvman 



The CLUBWOMAN 



33 



and one of thanks to the Beaumont 
Woman's Club. 

Twelve clubs had large representa- 
tions at the convention, and everything 
worked together to make the day a 
memorable one. 



ORANGE COUNTY CONVENTION 



Mrs. J. W. Newell, President 

The seventh annual convention of 
the Orange County Federation of 
'\\'omen's Clubs was held at Placentia, 
A\'ednesday, April 30th, in the beatiful 
club home of the Round Table. 

A large and enthusiastic delegation 
representing the eleven Federated 
clubs was in attendance. Some clubs 
having a 50 per cent representation of 
membership. 

The program opened with National 
airs led by Mrs. Henderson and with 
Mrs. Padgham at the piano. 

Mr. Lew Wallace and Mr. Armitage 
spoke convincingly in behalf of the 
bonds for "Newport Harbor"' and told 
of the many advantages for the ad- 
joining counties. One of these pro- 
viding a safe outlet for the silt of the 
Santa Ana River, also in making a 
good commercial harbor that would be 
a monument for the future. 

^Irs. Crosier told of the 18 women 
who went from Orange County over- 
seas and engaged in active war work. 

IMrs. J. J. Suess, District President, 
gave an address teeming with helpful 
suggestions, the keynote of which was 
the "Justification of ^^'omen's Clubs.'' 
If women do not do their part it will 
prove that their work was not worth 
while. . 

Women's clubs have reached a point 
where they are far more important 
than ever before. We. must do away 
witTi selfish piety and cling to Christian 
principles. 

Miss Rachel Richardson of Los An- 
geles State Normal spoke of the won- 
derful work being done for the "Re- 
habilitation of the disabled soldier." A 
ver)- large percentage were able to re- 
turn to service but tuberculosis has 
sapped the vitality of many more. The 
Government is doing many things to 
better the condition of disabled men, 



but organizations must help in large 
measure in giving these men work they 
are fitted for and in seeing in some 
cases that the men make good. 

Mrs. George Turner of Riverside 
gave a delightful talk on "Bird Life," 
giving many personal experiences with 
the bird family and urged the observ- 
ance of "Bird Day.'' 

Beautiful solos were rendered bv 
Miss Hester Billingsley of Santa Ana 
and ^Nliss Helen Wishard of FuUerton. 

Reports of chairmen and election of 
new officers completed the program of 
one of the best conventions ever held 
in Orange County. 



IMPERIAL COUNTY 
CONVENTION 



Mrs. Alice T. Shaver, Pres. Chairman 

The officers of the Imperial County 
Federation are : Pres., ^Irs. ^^'arren 
Currier. Holtville ; Vice Pres., ^Irs. 
Robert Glasbev, Calexico : Rec. Sec, 
Mrs. H. L. Fulton. Brawlev: Cor. 
Sec, ^Irs. R. AV. Ritter, Holtville ; Au- 
ditor, Miss Dorothy Merriam, Imper- 
ial : Treasurer, Mrs. \'aughn Francis, 
El Centre. 

The Conference Meeting of the Im- 
perial Co. Federation was held May 
3rd at Holtville. 

It was all-day meeting, a lunch being 
served at noon, and the "get acquaint- 
ed" feature, v\'hich was prominent, then 
w-as carried throughout the day. 

The morning program consisted of: 

Addresses by the new chairmen of 
the various departments. 

Address by Mrs. H. L. Fulton, the 
retiring president. 

Address by Mrs. ^^'arren Currier, 
the new president. 

Afternoon : 

Adress by a returned soldier. 

Address on Americanization. In- Dr. 
W. O. Johnson. "A Practical Talk by 
a Practical Man.' 

Address by IXIrs. Grace Sutton Pow- 
ell, San Francisco, Executive Secretary 
of town and country for Y. W. C. .\. 
Reconstruction Work. 

Address by Mrs. C. F. Patchell on 
Turkish \\'omen. 

Musical program : 



34 



The CLUBWOMAN 



BY ONE OF THE 3,300 

During the "Splendid, Idle Forties'" 
this sleepy little pueblo of Los Angeles 
had one schoolmaster, good old Fran- 
cisco Bustamente, who was a broken- 
down soldier with a wooden leg. In 
those days the determining qualifica- 
tion for an educator was a willingness 
to accept fifteen dollars a month. 

At various times the school was 
closed because no financial derelict 
could be found who was so down on 
his luck as to want the job. 

Are we facing another situation 
when our large and expensive school 
buildings, now the pride of the com- 
munity, will stand idle until we can 
impress into service of teaching enough 
of the broken down pensioners cast 
off by more progressive communities, 
those who are willing to accept less 
than a living wage for their work? 

During these years of sacrifice and 
war strain the teacher has worked 
faithfully, buoyed up by the thought 
that the best eft'orts were needed for 
the inculcation of American ideals and 
that public service was worthy of pri- 
vate sacrifice. 

But now he reads in the papers that 
we are entering upon unexampled pros- 
perity, that there are unexampled bank 
clearings, unexampled wages for the 
workers, unexampled profits in indus- 
try, unexampled activity in building, 
and unexampled costs of materials and 
labor. All this time he has been like 
a stoker at the bottom of the coal 
chute, while the coal has been coming 
down faster than he can shovel it out. 
The IvOs Angeles teacher observes 
that his work is also unexampled in 
being about the only form of public or 
private industry in which there has 
been no raise in wages during the past 
four j^ears. 

The teacher is not a spender or even 
a speculative investor. He strives cau- 
tiously to save for a rainy day. He 
buys life insurance, annuities, lodge 
benefits, Liberty Bonds, building and 
loan stock, and other conservative in- 
vestments of low return in a perse- 
vering attempt to pension himself in 
his old age. 

The increased cost of living is rap- 



What Certified Stands For 

Shortly after Thomas E. ^Vilson be- 
came president of the company that 
bears his name, the word Certified was 
selected as the trade name of a new line 
of canned fruits, vegetables, preserves 
and condiments. A special effort was 
made to prepare these products so care- 
fully that they would appeal to those 
who favor high quality rather than low 
price. The}' won their way from the 
start, and are enjoying a popularity to- 
day out of all proportion to the short 
time they have been on the market. 

For a number of years the concern 
succeeded by Wilson & Co., had a high- 
grade line of smoked meat which was 
marketed under the name of Majestic. 
Immense quantities of ham and bacon 
have been sold under the Majestic label. 
Without exception they were sweet and 
tender, unvarying in quality and flavor. 
In all parts of the country folks asked 
for Majestic when they wanted the best 
in the store. 

Somehow the name Certified seems 
to express the ideals of Mr. Wilson and 
his associates better than Majestic. Cer- 
tified stands for purity, cleanliness, and 
a large measure of personal responsi- 
bility. 

idly eating up his monthly earnings 
so that he finds that he is not only un- 
able to put aside his former savings, 
but also that the small fixed return 
upon which he counted. will be inade- 
quate in purchasing power to keep him 
in the day of retirement or disability. 

Within fort)' years the schoolmas- 
ters of the country have dwindled to 
less than twenty per cent of the whole 
teaching force. The man has left the 
teaching" force because he has had to 
decide between educating the children 
of others and making a living for chil- 
dren of his own. The opening of num- 
berless new business opportunities for 
women is drawing away from the 
school those women of ambition, in- 
itiative and energy who find for them- 
selves recognition and rewards in busi- 
ness life. 

The great national business of edu- 
cation and Americanization needs pub- 
lic servants of the best training, best 
outlook and highest civic quality. 



Official Or|an of the 

Califoftiia ^deration oj 

Women's Clubs 

Composed of over 40 000 Members 




Mrs. J. L. Giliis, 
State Library , 

Sacrarrento, Cal 




/^ 



June, 1919 

Vol. XL No. 9 




OFF THE SHOEE OF BALBOA ISLAND 



CATALINA IS CALLING 

Here is the life — on the Magic Isle out in the blue Pacific. Leave cares behind — and COME M Bath- 
ing, boating, fishing, golf, tennis, horseback riding — every diversion. If you have not been to Catalina 
recently, come and see the wonderful transformation that has been wrought. Enjoyment to please every 
taste — prices to suit every purse. 

THE NEW ST. CATHERINE HOTEL — When to the thoughtful, yet unobstrusive service of a splen- 
didly managed hotel you add the attractiveness of a unique location in a sheltered canyon overlooking the 
sea — where the gentle lapping of the waves lull you to sleep — or where the broad verandas and terraced gar- 
dens invite rest and relaxation — you have discovered the ideal place for an outing. Such is the new St. 
Catherine Hotel. Clyde Opelt, Mgr., Avalon, Cal. 

NEW ISLAND VILLA — Now open for season, 1919 — new cottages, tents, enlarged grounds, avenues of 
palms. Conducted on European plan with excellent service — the embodiment of all that makes for ideal camp 
life. Geo. Daul, Mgr., Avalon, Cal. 

CANVAS COTTAGE CITY — A delightful colony of cosy, homey tents, attractively grouped and having 
every convenience to make camp life an uninterrupted delight. Everything clean, wholesome and sanitary. 
Priced by the week or month at rates that make your Catalina vacation very inexpensive. Harry Diffin, 
Mgr., Avalon, Cal. 

COSY COTTAGE HOMES — Cosy, comfortable cottages, newly erected by the Company and now avail- 
able to those desiring the quiet and seclusion of individual homes. A. R. Bishop, Catalina Island Co., 
Avalon, Cal. 

For rates, reservations or information address Santa Catalina Island Co., 514 Pacific Electric Bldg., 
Los Angeles. Phone Pico 36. 

Ocean-going steamers make daily trips to Catalina. City ticket office, ground floor, Pacific Electric Bldg. 
Rates, reservations, boat schedules and complete information gladly furnished. 

Santa CataUna Island Company 



Pacific Electric Building 



Los Angeles, California 



WILSON'S 




BRAND 

PRODUCTS 

Hams Canned Goods 

Bacon Tomato Catsup 

Boiled Hams Preserves and Jams 

OLEOMARGARINE 




COFFEE 

Sold Everywhere 

Y\ /:\ /7 





The Clubwoman 



OfEcial Organ of the California Federation of Women's Clubs 

Composed of Over 40,000 Members 

PUBLISHED MONTHLY 





OFFICES 




Hyde Park, Cal. 


Los Angeles, Cal. 


San Francisco, Cal 


Box 3 


Wright & Callender BIdg. 


1942A Hyde St. 



Telephone 79638 Connecting All Departments 

DR. LOUISE HARVEY CLARKE, State Chairman and Southern Federation Editor. 1046 Orange St., Riverside 
MISS JESSICA LEE BRIGGS, State Chairman and Northern Federation Editor, 1942A Hyde St., San Francisco 
MRS. J. A. MATTHEWS, Club Representative, Braclc Shops, Los Angeles 

Copy from the Clubs Must be Sent to the District Press Chairmen. 
Subscription Price in California Fifty Cents the year. Ten Cents the 
Copy. Entered at the Hyde Park Postoffice as second-class matter. 

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MOROSCO THEATRE 

BROADWAY NEAR EIGHTH 



Now Playing 

"The Thirteenth Chair" 



COMING 

"Civilian Clothes" 



A Woman's 


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in a Man's 


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Where men really feel "at home" 

in selecting gifts to please the 

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Million Dollar Theatre 

Broadway at Third 

Now Playing 

LILA LEE 

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Coming 
"THE WHITE HEATHER" 

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CHARLES RAY 

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MARGUERITE CLARK 

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"The Third Degree" 

Coming 

"THE WESTERNERS" 

By 

STEWART EDGAR WHITE 



The CLUBWOMAN 




©l^'i'Hi^J'-;!'^ 




Message from General Federation Conference. Mrs. Aaron Schloss 

Annual Report of State President, 1918-1919 Mrs. Herbert A. Cable 

Storjr of Convention Mrs. W. H. Anderson 

Music of Convention Mrs. Henry Goodcell 

Social Side of Convention .■ Jessica Lee Briggs 

Through General Federation Eyes - Annie Miller Knapp 

A'Vhat Have We Inherited Mrs. Robert J. Burdette 

Women in the Industrial World Ernestine Friedmann 

British Labor and Reconstruction Paul U. Kellogg 

"Gleanings from a Lobbyist's Note-Book Caroline Kellogg 

Reading Lists — French and Italian Frances M. Carlton Harmon 



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The CLUBWOMAN 



EDITORIAL NOTES 



- June 4, 1919, is a memorable day in 
tlie history of Woman's Suffrage, for 
on this day American women won their 
41 -year battle for congressional ap- 
proval of nation-wide woman suffrage, 
when the Senate passade the "Susan B. 
Anthony Amendment" to the Federal 
Constitution. 

The vote was 56 to 25, or two votes 
more than the required two-thirds. 

The House adopted the resolution 
^lay 21 by a vote of 304 to 89. 

The suffrage amendment now goes to 
the states for ratification. When three- 
fourths of them, or 36, have, through 
action of their legislatures or by spe- 
cial convention, given approval to it, 
the amendment becomes part of the 
Constitution. 

Suffrage leaders predicted that the 
ratification will come in time to permit 
the nation's women to vote in the 1920 
presidential election. They have al- 
ready sent out speakers and will send 
out more at once to begin a campaign 
in every state for election of legislators 
pledged to ratification of the amend- 
ment. 

The "Susan B. Anthony Amend- 
ment" was introduced the first time in 
Congress bv a Senator from California. 



Three important legislative meas- 
ures presented bv the Women's Legis- 
tive Council of California to the 1919 
Legislature have been written into the 
laws of the state. The}^ are : A Farm 
School for Delinquent Women : In- 
crease in Elementary School Funds, 
and Equal Testamentary Disposition 
of Cijmm unity Property. 

Other measures in whicli the women 
of the state were particularly interested 
which were passed by the Legislature 
and have received the signature of Gov- 
ernor Stephens, are: A Child Hvgiene 
Bureau in the State Board of Health ; 
a Farm School for the southern part of 
the state : Compulsory School Attend- 
ance law ; "Part-time" Educational Bill 
for boys and girls in industry, which 



includes four hours' study per week for 
foreigners under 21 who are unable to 
speak English with the proficiency of 
sixth-grade students ; continuance of 
physical education program ; registra- 
tion of minors ; increase in state aid 
for orphans ; amendments which 
strengthen the child-labor laws. 



Dr. .\urelia Henry Reinhardt, presi- 
dent of Mills College, was the first 
graduate of the University of Califor- 
nia to receive the honorary degree of 
Doctor of Laws from that university. 

Only a very few women hold this 
honorary degree from any university, 
and among that few is Miss Jane Ad- 
dams, the famous social worker and 
philanthropist. 



Mrs. J. F. Sartori of Los Angeles has 
been named on the board of regents of 
the State University by Governor Ste- 
phens. 

The women of the state congratulate 
both the university and Mrs. Sartori. 



The final report of the Women's 
Committee of the State Council of De- 
fense for the period of the war has 
been received and is being sent to all 
members of the committee. ~ It fur- 
nishes a most interesting summary of 
the work of this committee for the war 
period and is a monument to the ser\-- 
ice of women. 



A complete report of the work of 
Children's Year in California was fur- 
nished to the convention at Coronado 
b)' the chairman. Dr. Adelaide Brown, 
in appreciation of the assistance given 
this work by the California Federation 
of Women's Clubs. 

The report was ^'aluable not only as 
a record of work done, but as a statis- 
tical basis for future work along this 
line. It will be printed in full and can 
lie secured from Dr. Briiwn. State 
Board of Health. 



The CLUBWOMAI^ 



MESSAGE FROM STATE PRESIDENT MRS. AARON SCHLOSS 



Mrs. Aaron Schloss, President of the California State Federation of 
Women's Clubs, who is attending the General Federation Council at 
Asheville, North Carolina, sends the following message : 

."To California club women, greetings from North Carolina. Suc- 
cessful council meeting with 44 states represented. Definite program 
doapted for Americanization and for co-ordinating all departments under 
one head, with Mrs. Thomas Winters as director. To make Americans 
a thrifty people a department of thrift was created, with Miss Georgia 
Bacon director. Physical education is to be encouraged by the Public 
Health Department." 



. ■ ■ Hi* » » - ■ • t -T--^ ■' ■■■■• ■ ■■■■—■■■»"■ • »*■■ *■■■■■■■■■■■ ■ — ■■■■■f-"T"t"T"T"*"*—"— — -*— "*-^"' ■ ■ ■ ■' ■■■■■»• " — 



Jessica Lee Briggs, San Francisco 
...., ......^►.»-.-»-«-~..-«-»-«— »-»-«-»-«-»-»-»"«•■»••»■■'"'■'*'■•■■■■ 



The 18th Annual Convention of the 
C. F. W. C, held in Coronado, was but 
another station for the retiring and the 
recruiting of officers and soldiers in 
the marching and counter-marching of 
the countless thousands of women the 
world over toward the ultimate victory 
which, for want of a phrase, we say is 
"of right over might." 

Our General Federation President 
gave us as a parting message the warn- 
ing that the women of the land had not 
yet been given orders to demobilize. 
Would they accept such orders if they 
were given? Women have been mob- 
ilized and have been marching under 
the great leadership and the authority 
of Creation itself since the world be- 
gan, and before that. It is not to.be 
feared that they will demobilize now, 
or that their ranks shall weaken, or 
that they shall lessen their activity. 

It is, however, of considerable con- 
cern as to whether the mobilized fed- 
erated interests come into a clearer 
realization and understanding of the 
fact that they are only a company of 
soldiers and can help to win the battle 
only by standing shoulder to shoulder 
with those other units which are of 
equal and even greater importance. 



The readers of the Literary Digest 
owe much to the magazine for bring- 
ing to them some of the loveliest gems 
of war poetry. The following beauti- 
ful sonnet was published in the issue 
of March 22d, and is by H. Rex Feston, 
who fell in action : 

I know that God will never let me die, 

He is too passionate and intense for that, 
See how He swings His great sun through 

the sky. 
See how He hammers the proud-faced 

mountains flat; , 

He takes a. handful of a million years 
And flings them at the planets; or He 
throws 
His red stars at the moon; then with hot 
tears 
He stoops to kiss one little earth-born 
rose. 



I desire to say in concluding the work 
begun three years ago, that I have en- 
joyed communicating with the readers 
of this little journal, and have fully ap- 
preciated our acquaintanceship. May 
you one and all have a fine, restful va- 
cation time, and in the Autumn renew 
your interest in the magazine by as- 
sisting in the subscriptions and in the 
advertising. 

I thank you, and good-bye. 

J. L. B. 



The CLUBWOMAN 




HOTEL DEL CORONADO 

REPORT OF PRESIDENT, MARCH, 1 9 1 8-MAY, 1919 
ANNUAL STATE CONVENTION, CORONADO, 
MAY 13-17, 1919 

. By MRS. HERBERT A. CABLE 

At the time of the last convention of and demanded the utmost our orarani- 



the California Federation of Women's 
Clubs, the Nation was in the midst of 
a great world task, and the efiforts of 
all of our people and of all of our or- 
ganizations were being turned to the 
waging and the winning of a war. Club 
work was war work. The entire ma- 
chinery of the Federation was directed 
in conformity with national instruc- 
tions and directions, with but one ob- 
ject in view — the winning of the war 
in the shortest possible time and with 
the least possible sacrifice of life and 
of national resources. 

Like an engine, running with full 
speed ahead, brought to a sudden stop, 
the declaration of the armistice arrest- 
ed the Nation's machinery that had 
been put into motion by the necessities 
of war. and, in a joyful reaction of re- 
lief, and with a great heart-throb of 
thankfulness, war work, as such, came 
to an end. 

At the same time, the epidemic which 
swept throughout the country, pre- 
vented a return to normal activities, 



zations could render to combat the 
scourge that threatened havoc to our 
civilian ranks such as fire and shell 
had wrought in the ranks of our fight- 
ing men. 

In most cases the best service the 
clubs could render was to cease all 
activity and to suspend meetings, while 
members turned their minds and hands 
to individual service. 

But even under such unusual, abnor- 
mal, and distressing conditions, the re- 
port of the year's work is presented 
with no little pride and satisfaction 
in our accomplishment, and in the 
steadiness with which our organization 
has been maintained, and its machin- 
ery subserved to the service of the Na- 
tion in peril from war and epidemic, 
and even from the reaction of a sudden 
peace. 

At the beginning of the war we said 
"The testing time has come." Will the 
organization which has been built up 
bv so many years of effort, of sacrifice, 
and of service, meet the present needs 



8 



The CLUBWOMAN 



and serve a Nation's endeavor? Has 
the building of such an organization 
been worth while, or has it been in 
vain? Today those questions have 
been fully answered, and women's or- 
ganizations stand vindicated before 
those who questioned. The value, the 
need, the service of women's work 
through organization has been fully 
demonstrated. We have proved what 
sometimes we ourselves questioned — 
that our organization is not static, but 
fluid, and that its purposes and ideals 
are resistless, and not resistant; as the 
building that will withstand the shock 
of storm and earthquake is the one 
whose foundation is solid and secure, 
but whose walls yield to the earth's 
motion. 

General Federation Biennial 

Immediately following the conven- 
tion of last year, the President and del- 
egates from California attended the 
General Federation Biennial held at 
Hot Springs, Arkansas, where again 
California had the honor of presenting 
Mrs. Josiah Evans Cowles as a candi- 
date for re-election to the highest of- 
fice in the gift of clubwomen — the Pres- 
idency of the General Federation of 
Women's Clubs. In the election of 
Mrs. Cowles to this high office Califor- 
nia again was honored among State 
Federations. 

As President of the California Fed- 
eration of Women's Clubs, it was my 
privilege to serve as the chairman of 
the California delegation : as a member 
of the Nominating Committee, where 
it was my high honor to nominate Mrs. 
Cowles for the office of President and 
Mrs. Denniston for the office of Cali- 
fornia Director ; to give a two-minute 
report of the California Federation on 
Presidents' night ; to serve as hostess 
with the California delegates at the re- 
ception given in honor of Mrs. Cowles 
to officers and delegates to the conven- 
tion ; as hostess with the California del- 
egates at a dinner given to Mrs. Cowles 
and- the officers of the General Federa- 
tion ; and as guest at many delightful 
receptions and entertainments given by 
the Arkansas State Federation and 
other state delegations. 



Women's Committee of the State 
Council of Defense 

The President of the California Fed- 
eration continued to serve as a member 
of the State Council of Defense, the 
only woman member of the Executive 
Committee of that body, and the chair- 
man of the Woman's Committee of the 
State Council of Defense, until January 
30th, 1919, when both the State Coun- 
cil and the Woman's Committee were 
demobilized. This service, in addition 
to the Federation work, has meant a 
continuous "on duty" service since the 
beginning of the war. This service was 
dictated and has been inspired both by 
patriotism and the desire to render to 
the office of President of the California 
Federation of Women's Clubs the full 
response to the added duties and re- 
sponsibilities which the war placed 
upon us as the largest body of organ- 
ized women in the state. 

It is not possible to give at this time 
a detailed report of that service. I can 
say only that "I gave the best I had, 
and all that I had, to the limit of my 
strength and ability. I count it a high 
honor and privilege to have been given 
the opportunity to serve at such a time 
and in such a cause." 

It has been most gratifying to note, 
in this connection, the kind of leader- 
ship and the number of leaders the 
Federation was able to supply to the 
work of the Council of Defense. The 
co-operation of the clubs in this work 
was universal, and in some localities of 
the state the work and the organiza- 
tion were carried by clubwomen and 
through club organizations. It was a 
tribute to our work and our study and 
our years of preparation that all the 
departments of the Council of Defense 
paralleled the departments of the Fed- 
eration. On the other hand, it has been 
a great advantage and a great asset to 
the Federation that through this state- 
wide organization of the Council of De- 
fense, reaching every county and nearly 
every community, the work and pur- 
pose of the Federation has been made 
known to a larger number of people 
than ever before, and interest in that 
work aroused. 

And now that the Council of De- 



The CLUBWOMAN 



fense has been demobilized, and many 
of the war organizations are disband- 
ing, with the power and value of organ- 
ization demonstrated, and the service 
we are equipped to render recognized, 
the Federation stands at the entrance 
of a new kingdom of opportunity, if we 
will but enter. 

Meetings of the Federation 
Because of the epidemic which closed 
all club meetings for several months 
in the early part of the club year, plans 
for a state-wide itinerary were aban- 
doned and speaking engagements with- 
drawn. In spite of this, however, many 
meetings have been held throughout 
the state, and many clubs visited. Dur- 
ing the year fourteen regular board 
meetings have been held and eight con- 
ferences of board members in various 
parts of the state. One regular board 
meeting was held in Los Angeles in 
joint session with the members of the 
Los Angeles and Southern District 
boards. One regular board meeting 
was held in San Francisco in joint ses- 
sion with the board members of the 
San Francisco, Alameda and Northern 



Districts. One informal conference 
with state board members and members 
of the San Joaquin Valley District 
board was held in Fresno. The Presi- 
dent has attended and presided at all 
board meetings but one, held during 
the G. F. W. C. biennial. The Presi- 
dent has also attended and presided at 
four board conferences. The faithful- 
ness and loyalty with which Federation 
officers and board members have at- 
tended to their duties in the Federa- 
tion during this year, so full of insist- 
ent calls in other directions, attest their 
realization that our organization dur- 
ing the war was a mobilized arm of the 
Government, and they have worked and 
served as soldiers. 

The President has gained strength 
and inspiration and courage from the 
loyalty, the faithfulness, the high patri- 
otism, and the Federation spirit of these 
board members, and whatever work has 
been accomplished and whatever good 
shall accrue to the California Federa- 
tion from this administration, is due 
to the loj'alty and efficiency of its offi- 
cers and chairmen who have been faith- 




Two 

Things to 
Remember: 

'^binson's IS 

A High Class Store 

%obinson's IS NOT 
A High Priced Store 



3. Wi. ^aobinson Co. 

SEVENTH AND GRAND 



10 



The CLUBWOMAN 



ful to duty and attentive to detail I 
desire to record here my personal ap- 
preciation both of the service and the 
association of these splendid women 
who have served on the State Execu- 
tive Board during my term of office. 

Death has claimed two members 
from our ranks this year, and one who 
was a member of the board last year. 
Mrs. Frank Fredericks, President of 
the San Francisco District, after de- 
voting many years of her life to Fed- 
eration work and to public service, 
spent that life in ministering to the sick 
and needy during the influenza epi- 
demic. The same dread disease claimed 
Mrs. Marguerite Ogden Steele, a young 
woman of ability and promise, who had 
much to give and who had already 
given much. Mrs. S. H. Hain, chair- 
man of Home Economics last year, 
after weeks of nursing in response to 
the call for volunteers, yielded her life 
to influenza. 
Departments of Work and Committees 

The department organization has re- 
mained the same as last year. Three 
special standing committees were dis- 
continued — University Club House 
Loan Fund, Biennial, and Incorpora- 
tion. 

The Club House Loan Fund was 
completed by the payment of $500.00 
to the State University, which com- 
pleted a fund for housing women stu- 
dents at the University, and pledged by 
the California Federation at previous 
conventions, amounting in all to $5500. 

Two special standing committees 
were added — War Victory Commission 
and Indian A'Velfare Committee. 
War Victory Commission 

The War Victory Commission rep- 
resents a direct participation on the 
part of clubwomen to the work of our 
Army and Navy overseas, and Califor- 
nia has every reason to feel proud of 
her share in this work. The raising of 
this fund was undertaken just previ- 
ous, to the Biennial, and in about six 
weeks' time nearly $9000 was raised 
by voluntary subscriptions from clubs 
of $1 per member. During the year we 
have raised not only enough to send the 
two representatives allowed each state 
to France, but we have doubled the 



amount and helped some sister state 
to send two representatives, and gave 
the opportunity to two girls besides 
our own to respond to the urgent ap- 
peal of the Government for overseas 
workers. The amount subscribed to 
date is $10,539.82. 

Endowment Fund 

During the war no special appeal was 
made to clubs for subscriptions to the 
Endowment Fund, but the entire 
amount on hand was invested in Lib- 
erty Bonds, and the promise given that 
all money subscribed to this fund would 
be so invested. The Federation holds 
bonds of every issue except the first, 
as follows: Second issue, $1500; third 
issue, $600; fourth issue, $250; fifth 
or Victory issue, $100. Total, $2450. 
Indian Welfare Committee 

The Indian Welfare Committee, ap- 
proved by the last convention, has pio- 
neered the way for a work in this state 
that should appeal particularly to Cali- 
fornians, as well as point the way to a 
national endeavor in the interest of a 
race too long neglected and too poorly 
protected. 

The Cora Elliott Jones Memorial 
Committee 

The Cora Elliott Jones Memorial 
Committee in the Survey of Crippled 
Children of the State, their educational 
needs and opportunities, has completed 
a piece of work that is remarkable in 
itself as a valuable statistical record, 
but is far more interesting as furnish- 
ing the basis for a constructive educa- 
tional movement for certain children 
of the state, who may become assets, 
finding in life a place and an opportun- 
ity, or who, if we continue our present 
attitude of neglect, will become an in- 
creasing burden, both to the state and 
to society. 

I consider the work of this commit- 
tee one of the most important under- 
takings of the Federation today, be- 
cause of its close relation to the work 
it is now the sad duty of the Nation to 
undertake, the rehabilitation of its 
fighting men who by the fortunes of 
war must now receive assistance such 
as will return them to civil life handi- 
capped as little as possible. It may be 
possible at the same time and by the 



The CLUBWOMAN 



11 



same means to save some of the wrecks 
of civil life to a future usefulness. 
Departments 

The various departments ha\e issued 
printed outlines of work, uniform in 
size and appearance, and the material 
has proved helpful not only to the work 
along these lines during the present 
year, but in many cases will furnish 
helpful suggestions for future work. 

The Department of Home Economics 
deserves special mention for the beauti- 
ful and valuable book published by the 
efforts of the chairman, Mrs. Haring, 
"Woman's Responsibility in the Home 
and the Community." It is a distinct 
contribution to the work of the Federa- 
tion during war time, and is no less 
valuable as a te.xt-book for times of 
peace on this most important subject. 

The General Federation Magazine 

At the biennial of the General Feder- 
ation, the State President pledged for 
California a subscription to the Gen- 
eral Federation Magazine from every 
club in the State Federation. This 
pledge is to date unfulfilled, but I feel 
sure that this convention will send the 
newly elected President to the mid- 
biennial Council with that pledge ful- 
filled, either in actual subscriptions or 
in pledges from clubs. This we must 
do for the honor of the California State 
Federation, and in loyalty to our Gen- 
eral Federation President from Califor- 
nia. Airs. Cowles. 

The Clubwoman 

In order to maintain our own official 
organ, whose life was threatened dur- 
ing the war. due to increased cost of 
production, a subscription campaign 
was instituted at the beginning of the 
year to insure a larger circulation for 
our own magazine, and that the work 
of Federation might reach a larger 
number of clubwomen. To this end a 
combination subscription offer was 
made of the General Federation I\Taga- 
zine and the Clubwoman for one year 
for SI. 25. The results have been dis- 
appointing. That offer will not be good 
after the close of this convention. Al- 
ready it has been necessary to increase 
the single subscription price to 50 
cents, and unless more women sub- 
scribe for the magazine it may be nee- 



"A Decided 

Surprise!" 

— Not infrequently visitors 
to Bullock's 5th floor ex- 
press their astonishment 
over the scope of "The 
Trunk Store of Trunk 
Stores' ' that is located 
there — 

— This verbiage is not per- 
siflage — 

— It is no lightly chosen 
phrasing — 

— It is, vsfithin the knowl- 
edge of those who should 
know Trunk Stores — many 
w^heres, the fact as it exists 
today — 

— It is not know^n v^^here, on 
the Pacific Coast, another 
such store of Trunks and 
Traveling Accessories o f 
certain standard — is situate 
as that w^hich is at Bullock's 
today and on the 5th floor — 
— "The Trunk Store of 
Trunk Stores" — Real and 
Ready, with Bullock Ward- 
robe Trunks and other 
Wardrobe Trunks and other 
Trunks in volume and va- 
riety — 

— Real and Ready writh Suit 
Cases, with Bags, and Hand 
Baggage from the essential 
to the de luxe — 
— It is worth while — 
— and every traveler and 
prospective traveler should 
know^ — 

"The Trunk Store of Trunk Stores" 
at Bullock's — Fifth Floor — 



LgsAsD^sIss 



12 



The CLUBWOMAN 



essary to discontinue it altogether. And 
this in face of the tribute paid our mag- 
azine recently by the Editor of the 
General Federation Magazine, "that it 
is the best state magazine published." 
The Women's Legislative Council 
Membership in the Women's Legis- 
lative Council has been maintained, 
and the duties and responsibilities of 
such membership faithfully attended to. 
While it has been impossible for the 
President to attend all of the business 
meetings, the Federation has been rep- 
resented always by the chairman of 
Legislation, Miss Kellogg. Numerous 
circular letters have been sent to clubs 
in the interests of the three measures 
presented by the Woman's Legislative 
Council. During the session of the 
Legislature, at the request of the Pres- 
ident of the Council, Miss Kellogg vi^as 
sent to Sacramento to assist with the 
work being done there for these meas- 
ures. 

Clubs Admitted to the Federation 
Fifteen new clubs have been admit- 
ted to membership in the Federation 
this 3^ear. During the two years of this 
administration fifty clubs have been ad- 
mitted. List of clubs attached to the 
report. 

District Conventions 

Six District Conventions have been 
attended and addressed, although post- 
ponement due to the epidemic brought 
all of these conventions within a few 
weeks of the State Convention, and 
three within one week. This made it 
impossible for the President to attend 
any District Convention throughout the 
session, which was greath^ regretted, 
for the President needs the inspiration 
and encouragement of these district 
meetings, and it is at these meetings 
that the growth and needs of federa- 
tion can best be observed. 

But with all the difficulties that have 
been encountered, and the unusual con- 
ditions it has been necessary to adjust 
ourselevs to, there is nothing to dis- 
courage us in the Federation work to- 
day. As I have attended meetings 
throughout the state in the last few 
weeks, I have been impressed with the 
fact that there is a deeper interest than 



ever before, and a quickened sense of 
our relation to the world and its affairs. 
The questions in which the clubwo- 
man has been interested as abstract 
subjects during the past have been 
brought home to her in the sharp reali- 
zation of her relation as an individual 
to great governmental concerns and 
world conditions, such as food, conser- 
vation and production, industry, na- 
tional finance, etc. ; and of her impor- 
tance as the mother of a family and 
the home-maker and keeper of a race. 
For to its homes a nation must look 
for its fighting men and its resources in 
time of war, and upon them the Nation 
must depend for its continued exist- 
ence and independence as a nation, and 
for the health, freedom, prosperity and 
contentment of its body politic. 

Official Actions of State Executive 
Board 

Attached to this report is a record of 
all official actions of the State Execu- 
tive Board during the year, including 
circular letters, official communica- 
tions, resolutions, etc. Also the month- 
ly reports of the President, and finan- 
cial statement for the year. 

Needs in Federation 

There are three immediate and press- 
ing needs in federation today, as I 
see it: 

First — County Federation. The Fed- 
eration as an organization has been 
tending toward county federation for 
several years. The time has now come, 
I believe, when we must extend and 
perfect our organization by the means 
of the County Federation. We have 
learned many things from the various 
war organizations, and none of them 
has been so fully demonstration to my 
mind as the need and value of the 
county unit in organization work. From 
the standpoint of the State Federation, 
it has everything to recommend it. It 
is the logical, natural, geographical, po- 
litical division, and ofifers the best pos- 
sible medium for the extension of any 
line of work in a given territory. From 
the standpoint of the county, it is de- 
sirable because it offers to the com- 
munity a co-operation of interests and 
of effort. I firmlv believe that the next 



The CLUBWOMAN 



step in federation is county organiza- 
tion, and trust that this convention will 
recommend the immediate extxension 
and development of our work along 
county lines. 

Second — Increased Finance. The Cal- 
ifornia Federation stands before the 
world today the largest body of organ- 
ized women in the state, and the most 
poorly financed. We have a program 
and a policy that includes education, 
social service, Americanization, legisla- 
tion, industrial problems, public health, 
civics, art, music, literature, history, 
home economics, country life, conserva- 
tion, nine standing committees of work 
along many important lines, and a per 
capita tax of fifteen cents a year! 

That statement should furnish suffi- 
cient argument. We. are willing to back 
our convictions and our demands with 
our time, our strength, our ability, our 
effort. Why not back them with some 
of our money? We are wasting our 
best ability and our best leadership in 
routine and detail, when, if we were 
properly financed, these would be freed 
to give inspiration and accomplishment 
more in keeping with our numbers and 
the influence we claim to e.xert. 

I hope to see the time when mem- 
bership in this organization will be 
worth one dollar per capita. 

Never have we felt our handicap 
financially so acutely as during the past 
two vears. Increased cost of material, 
nrinting, postage, and traveling has 
been met only by the strictest economv, 
and often at the expense of tired minds 
and bodies of the working force. 

Headquarters for the State Federa- 
tion have been impossible to establish. 
We have been indebted to the Women's 
Committee of the Council of Defense 
for office room and office assistance in 
manv ways. Headquarters for the 
Clubwoman have been maintained, but 
thev are entirely inadequate to office re- 
quirements. 

Chairmen of departments are greatly 
restricted in the work thev desire to do 
because of lack of funds, and much 
more comes from the private purses of 
our workers than we have any right to 
expect or to accent. Office expense 
for the vear has been increased from 




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% 




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BROADWAY 
AT SIXTH 



HOME of HART SCH.\FFNER&.M.\RX CLOTHES 



14 



The CLUBWOMAN 



$25 per month to $50 per month, and 
this amount covers the expenses of the 
President and two Secretaries, and in 
some instances traveUing expetises. 
Accomplishment, Present and Future 

The actual accompHshment of the 
Federation in what is known as war 
work has been tabulated in so far as it 
has been possible to secure reports from 
clubs, and will be reported at another 
time during this convention. But while 
the contribution in time, in money, in 
effort, expressed in Liberty Bonds, in 
Food Pledges, in Thrift Stamps, in Red 
Cross work, in Community Service and 
Council of Defense work, has been 
truly tremendous in its aggregate, the 
wonderful and encouraging feature of 
club work has been that all of this has 
been accomplished without a lessening 
of interest and effort toward the work 
of conservation and preservation of the 
activities of normal life, and the con- 
structive agencies of peace dangerously 
menaced in times of war. 

I wonder if you know how well you 
have builded in this Federation of Wo- 
men's Clubs? I wonder if your heart 
and mind thrill and 3rour spirit exults 
as you look back over the history of the 
past two years, and you see not only 
the accomplishment of actual service 
rendered, but you see the promise, the 
hope for the future that lies in the at- 
tainment of women through citizenship 
to a participation, a partnership, in the 
business of life? 

We are being accorded high praise 
and great credit today from the Nation 
as a whole, and from the departments 
of Government, for the part we have 
played and the service we have ren- 
dered. Do we value ourselves as high- 
ly as we should? Not value ourselves 
in the sense that we deserve or claim 
credit for anything we have done, but 
value ourselves in the sense that or- 
ganization means power, and power 
means responsibility. We have builded 
a house, and have set therein a table. 
There is represented the culture, the re- 
finement, the ideals, the education, the 
training, the service of womanhood. 

Shall we gather there for feasting, 
only, taking away with us that which 



ministers to our own selfish enjoyment 
and pleasure, hoarding unto ourselves 
the good things of life, because we are 
fortunate enough to have access to 
them, or shall we gather there for in- 
spiration, for courage, for knowledge, 
that we may go forth and minister to 
and feed a hungry world? 

The past two years in Federation 
have been history-making years. They 
will be recorded as the war years of 
the Federation. During them we have 
seen the greatest war in history fought 
and won for the greatest principles ever 
pronounced and established, at a cost 
so tremendous that it cannot be reck- 
oned, and ye± not too great a price to 
pay if only these principles determine 
and govern future civilization. 

We said at the beginning, "It is a war 
to end war." Today, as we close this 
two-year period of our work, we see 
the final terms of peace presented to 
the nation which imposed this struggle 
upon humanity. A glorious victorv of 
arms has been achieved. A more glori- 
ous victor}'' of ideas and ideals has been 
attained. Peace as represented by the 
cessation of warfare has been secured. 
Peace as represented by the enthrone- 
ment of right and righteousness in all 
places of the world has yet to be estab- 
lished. Terms of peace have been writ- 
ten upon pieces of paper. Principles 
of peace have vet to be written upon 
the hearts and souls of men and of 
nations. 

In the armed warfare of the last two 
years we have served as soldiers, to 
silence guns and to put an end to blood- 
shed. In the coming years we must 
serve as soldiers of peace to establish 
truth and justice throughout the earth. 
To us today comes the call of the 
prophet of old : 

"Prepare ye the wav of the Lord." 

"Make straight in the desert a high- 
way for our God." 

STATEMENT OF OWNERSHIP 

Managing Editor, Dr. Louise Harvey 
Clarke, 1046 Orange Street, Riverside; Edi- 
tor, Miss Jessica Lee Briggs, 1942a Hyde 
Street, San Francisco. Owrner, E. S. True- 
blood, P. O. Box 3, Hyde Park, Cal. ; Pub- 
lisher, E. S. Trueblood, P. O. Box 3, Hyde 
Park, Cal. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



15 



STORY OF EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL CONVENTION. 

MAY 13,1919, HOTEL DEL CORONADO, 

CALIFORNIA 



By Mrs. W. 

"A Seminar on the Citizenship of the 
Future" would be the title, if one had 
to be given that would include the 
whole program of the convention, and 
it could be subdivided into : The re- 
quirements for developing and foster- 
ing that citizenship in the new-born 
and the new-comers ; The obligations 
of worthy citizenship and how to se- 
cure means and ability to meet them ; 
\A'hat advantage the heritage of the 
past bequeathes to it ; and, What to it 
shall be the legacy of the present. 

The key-note of the convention was 
struck in the quotation from ^Matthew 
■Arnold, printed in the front of the pro- 
gram book, to which all through the 
sessions resounded the sense of awak- 
ened consciousness to what a solidarity 
of woman-power would mean, an intel- 
ligent understanding that unity and co- 
operation are necessary to this power, 
a determination to weld their forces 
into this one great power, and a fervor 
to devote it to "the benefit and good of 
mankind." 

The morale of the convention was 
evident in the spirit of cheerfulness, 
helpfulness and hopefulness, and might 
be expressed in the motto, "Sing, smile, 
and carry on" ; the first two words be- 
ing the injunction of the State Chair- 
man of Music, through whose influence 
the War Camp Community Service 
kept all the sessions glowing with the 
golden charm of song, and the last 
word, the message of the retiring Pres- 
ident, Mrs. Herbert A. Cable, to the 
incoming board. 

Hostesses and Guests 

The officers and committees of the 
local board, in their hospitality, were 
generous and painstaking, and exquis- 
ite in their kind and capable thought- 
fulness. Their organization and manip- 
ulation of the machinery of the conven- 
tion were perfect in execution and ef- 
fectiveness. The President, in express- 
ing appreciation to the hostesses and 
convention committees, as well as to 



H. Anderson 

the members attending, for the cour- 
tesy, ease and thoroughness with which 
every detail of the work and program 
was carried on, said that it proved the 
value of Federation training. The ac- 
commodations and entertainment of- 
fered by the great hostelry that housed 
the convention, under the supervisory 
administration of our gracious host- 
esses, afforded constant comfort and 
pleasure to the visiting clubwomen. 

The lovely peninsula of Coronado, 
rising out of the emerald and sapphire 
waters of the San Diego Bay, encrusted 
the round of its shores with dashing 
ocean spray, sparkling in the sunshine 
like showers of all the jewels of earth, 
its gardens ablaze at this season of 
the year with the colors of bright blos- 
soms, it looked its name — and truly 
the crowning glory of the bay. 

The beautiful view from the windows 



Children's Apparel 

has come to be a 

part, a very import- 
ant part of our Chil- 
drens' Store. Not 
alone pretty, diminu- 
tive frocks for misses 
up to six years, but 
fascinating little hats 
and bonnets and 
wraps, too ! Infants' 
layettes and bootees, 
carriages, go-carts 
and sulkies, 
■wheel goods 
f many 
kinds and 
: t o y s also, 
■ are carried 
in this inter- 
esting de- 
partment we have designated our 
"Children's Store." (Third Floor.) 





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Complete Furnishers of Beautiful Better 
Homes 

724 to 738 South Broadway 



16 



The CLUBWOMAN 



on one side of the temporary home of 
the officers of the Executive Board, of 
the sea, and that from the others of 
the patio, brought delight long to be 
remembered. 

But the chief ornaments of our con- 
vention house were its distinguished 
guests, for we were unusually honored 
in their personnel and their number. 
There were present: Mrs. Josiah 
Evans Cowles, President of the General 
Federation of Women's Clubs; Mrs. 
Robert J. Burdette, the first President 
of the California Federation of Wo- 
men's Clubs; Mrs. E. G. Denniston, 
General Federation Director ; Mrs. Ed- 
ward Dexter Knight, General Federa- 
tion State Secretary ; Past President, 
Mrs. Lillian Pray Palmer; the follow- 
ing General Federation Chairmen : Of 
Press, Mrs. Edwin Knapp ; of Educa- 
tion, Mrs. O. Shepard Barnham ; of 
Americanization, Mrs. Frank Gibson ; 
and of the AVar Victory Commission, 
Mrs. P. G. Hubert — besides, amongst 
the distinguished speakers. Dr. Jessica 
Peixotto of the National Children's Bu- 
reau ; Katherine Phillips Edson of the 
State Industrial Welfare Commission ; 
Miss Ernestine L. Friedmann of the 
War Work Council, National Commit- 
tee Y. W. C. A. ; Paul U. Kellogg of 
New York, editor of "Survey" ; and 
the War Camp Community Service of- 
ficers. In fact, every speaker on the 
program was of distinguished position 
in her or his line of Vork. It was this 
that made this convention an epoch in 
the expression of Concrete American 
Ideals, and Practical Plans for carry- 
ing them out. 
Welcoming Addresses and Salutations 

On Tuesday evening preceding the 
formal opening of the convention, the 
President of the San Diego Chamber 
of Commerce, Mr. Melville Klauber, in 
the name of the city of San Diego, 
united his welcome to the convention 
with that of Mrs. Lillian Praj^ Palmer. 
Response for the Federation was made 
by Mrs. E. G. Denniston. 

Mrs. Josiah Evans Cowles brought 
salutation from the General Federation, 
reviewing its past achievements and its 
glorious contributions to the country's 
service in the war. She urged the wo- 



men to realize that there is now more 
than ever the necessity of continuing 
our efficient organization, and through 
it our devoted work for our country, 
supporting the ideals of our Govern- 
ment and its stability and Americaniz- 
ing the new-comers. 

Mrs. Burdette, as Mother of the Cal- 
ifornia Federation, interpreted the Her- 
itage of its Past to the Present as one 
that the present must be worthy of in 
its legacy to the future, and that to her 
mind the most precious part of that 
heritage is the lesson the whole world 
has learned from the terrible war, and 
acknowledged, that spiritual truth is 
mightier than material power. 

The audience was enchanted with the 
music contributed by the War Camp 
Community Service. But the music of 
the convention has a story all its own, 
in another part of the magazine. 
Reports of Officers and District 
Presidents 

General reports from all the officers 
showed their work finished to date, 
and the amount shown in the reports 
of the Corresponding Secretary, Miss 
Anne M. Mumfort, and that of the Re- 
cording Secretary, Mrs. W. H. Ander- 
son, give some idea of the extent and 
magnitude of the routine work in the 
machinery of the Federation. 

The report of the State President, 
Mrs. Herbert A. Cable, was accepted by 
a unanimous rising vote. Following 
her reading of it, there was a demand 
for the full reprinting of it in the June 
Clubwoman, as it contained such a 
vital, important and wonderful record, 
which should be preserved, and a spirit 
which should be perpetuated. 

The splendid report of Mrs. A. W. 
AVohlford, Chairman of the Local 
Board, was accepted with a rising vote 
of thanks. The report of Mrs. J. J. 
Suess, Chairman of the Program Com- 
mittee, was accepted, subject to some 
slight changes that became necessary 
after the book was printed. The Pro- 
gram Book was very mtich praised and 
desired by all as a souvenir. 

A great number of greetings from 
State Federations and other organiza- 
tions to the convention were received 
and read by the President, and a tele- 



The CLUBWOMAN 



17 



gram of greeting was sent to the Kan- 
sas State Convention, then in session. 
The District Presidents, in giving 
their reports, each mentioned some fea- 
ture particularly conspicuous in the 
year's u'ork. Mrs. G. E. Chappell, 
Northern District, mentioned especially 
visiting every club in her district and 
taking a close interest in all their de- 
partment work. 

Mrs. Katherine Smith, Alameda Dis- 
trict, placed special emphasis on plan- 
ning for the future. Mrs. W. A. Fitz- 
gerald, San Joaquin Valley District, 
gave special attention to the humani- 
tarian work of her clubs. Mrs. Matti- 
son B. Jones, Los Angeles District, re- 
ported great activity in department 
work and increase in membership and 
funds. Mrs. J. J. Suess, Southern Dis- 
trict, emphasized the importance of the 
work of the Indian Welfare Committee. 
Dr. Mariana Bertola, San Francisco 
District, mentioned especially the close 
interest taken by the late President, 
Mrs. Fredericks, in all the clubs, ana 
during her own presidency, special at- 
tention to Child Welfare and Ameri- 
canization. 

Reports of Department Chairmen 

Miss Caroline Kellogg, Chairman of 
Legislation and Political Science, in her 
report emphasized the necessity for or- 
ganization in the Federation's legisla- 
tive work. 

Mrs. E. B. Stanwood, Executive Sec- 
retary of the State Board of Charities 
and Corrections, spoke on "The Rela- 
tion of the Federation to Legislation." 

Mrs. Katherine Phillips Edson gave 
an address, "What Are We Going To 
Do About It?" in which she urs:ed the 



women to understand that if they wish 
to accomplish anything in legislation 
they must unite all the woman voting 
power of the Nation and co-operate in 
their efforts, and she expressed the 
hope that the California Federation 
would join the National League of 
Women Voters, which is non-partisan, 
■ and exists for the support of humani- 
tarian measures. 

Mrs. Robert F. Garner, Chairman of 
Civics, showed, in her report, much 
valuable work accomplished and sug- 
gestions for the future, expressing grat- 
ification that the Open Forum and 
Good Citizenship Day, as suggseted by 
her, had been adopted by the General 
Federation. 

Mrs. Padgham, Chairman of Music, 
showed, in her report, an enormous 
amount of work accomplished, with 
special attention to War Camp Com- 
munity Service, Civic Community Sing- 
ing, and close co-operation with and 
splendid results from, all her District 
Chairmen. 

Mrs. Cable announced that, at the re- 
quest of the Recording Secretary, who 
is also the Los Angeles District Chair- 
man of Drama, she had invited Mrs. 
Sloane-Orcutt, President of the Los 
Angeles Park Commission, to speak 
upon the Civic Value of Community 
Drama and Pageants in our public 
parks. Mrs. Sloane-Orcutt was intro- 
duced and in her address described a 
Peace Jubilee Pageant written and to 
be produced by Mrs. W. H. Anderson, 
in Exposition Park, Los Angeles, and 
bespoke the interests of clubs in such 
affairs. She read a letter from Mrs. 
Herbert A. Cable, appointing Mrs. W. 



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SEVENTH STREET AT OLIVE 



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The CLUBWOMAN 



H. Anderson the representative of the 
Federation in the Pageant, pledging the 
co-operation of the Federation in its 
production. 

Mrs. Florence D. Schoneman, Chair- 
•man of History and Landmarks, 
showed b}' her reports that interest in 
her Department has grown, valuable 
assistance given by her to clubs, and 
announced the special feature of her 
Convention work to be the sight-seeing 
auto trip to historic points near San 
Diego, as a celebration of the one hun- 
dred and fiftieth anniversary of the 
landing at San Diego and planting of 
the cross, by Father Junipero Serra. 
PUBLICITY AND ENDOWMENT 
FUND 

The General Federation Chairman of 
Press, Mrs. Edwin Knapp, made a plea 
for clubwomen to make the most of 
every opportunity for the proper pub- 
licity. 

Dr. Louise Harvey Clarke and Miss 
Jessica Lee Briggs, of the Press De- 
partment, gave separate reports,. Dr. 
Clarke said that the "Clubwoman" was 
its own best report, that it has been not 
onlv the official organ of the California 
Federation, but of the Woman's Legis- 
lative Council, and of the Woman's 
Committee of the State Council of De- 
fense. 

Miss Briggs gave detailed informa- 
tion on the various ways in which the 
"Clubwoman" serves the Federation, 
and showed that the magazine is indis- 
pensable to Presidents and Chairmen 
who hope to do Federation work, or to 
know anything about the Federation. 

Mrs. Robert J- Burdette, Chairman of 
the Endowment Fund, showed the 
great benefit to the Federation of sub- 
scriptions to the fund, and spoke of the 
opportunity and the obligation, for 
those who can afford it, of contributing 
to it. 

WAR SERVICE AND THE WARDS 
OF THE GOVERNMENT 

Mrs. Seward Simons, Chairman of 
War Emergency Service, gave her re- 
port of her undertaking to collect data 
showing the full amount of war serv- 
ice rendered by the clubs of the state. 
The figures received in answer to the 



Questionnaire sent by her are conclu- 
sive evidence of the great service ren- 
dered by clubwomen to every depart- 
ment of the war work, but they are a 
showing of only a 50 per cent return 
on the Questionnaire. As to percent- 
age, this is double that of the usual re- 
turn, but it is, at the same time, only 
half of what was actually done by the 
clubs. Mrs. Simons sent out 212 pa- 
pers written by experts on war work 
to meetings where 'it was impossible to 
send speakers, and recommends this 
method to clubs. 

Mrs. Charles C. Arnold, Chairman of 
Indian Welfare, read her report, out- 
lining the plan of work by which her 
committee accomplished such splendid 
results. 

_ Mrs. P. G. Hubert, General Federa- 
tion Chairman of the War Victory 
Commission, gave a report of the work 
done in California, and read a letter 
from Miss Teresa Cogswell, who is one 
of the two Y. M. C. A. women work- 
ers sent to France as the California 
quota of the Federatoin unit of 100 sent 
by the War Victory Commission. $10,- 
539.82 was contributed to this fund by 
California clubwomen. 

EDUCATION AND CONSERVA- 
TION 

Mrs. O. Shepard Barnum, General 
Federation Chairman of Education, 
gave an address on the need of a Fed- 
eral Department of Education, and ad- 
vised the women that when the con- 
sideration of a bill providing for this 
department is before them, thev must 
not accept substitutes in the place of 
necessary requirements, but insist on 
having all the genuine and desirable 
provisions. 

Mr. H. D. AA^ilson, who was to speak 
under the Home Economic Depart- 
ment, being prevented by illness from 
being present. Dr. E. L. Hardy, Presi- 
dent of the State Normal School, spoke 
in his place upon "Training for Effi- 
cient Citizenship." emphasizing the im- 
portance of having the best teachers for 
the pupils of the elementary grades. 

Miss Nadine Crump of the State Uni- 
versity Extension, outlined the field 
covered bv the Extension courses. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



19 



Mrs. George A. Merrill, Chairman 
of Conservation, paid a tribute to the 
work of Marguerite Ogden Steele in 
this department and noted especially 
the work done by Mrs. F. F. Bicknell, 
Los Angeles Chairman of Birds and 
Bird Life. 

Miss Harriet G. Eddy, State Home 
Demonstration Leader, of the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, University of 
California, described the services of her 
Department to Home Life in the Coun- 
try. 

Social and Industrial Conditions and 
Americanism 

Mr. Paul U. Kellogg, Editor of the 
New York "Survey," gave an address 
on "British Labor and Reconstruction," 
pointing out the far-seeing policy of the 
British plan, i n considering scrupu- 
lously, the problem of human conserva- 
tion, human reconstruction, fostering 
advantageous conditions for growing 
children, and in every way considering 
constructive social legislation and or- 
ganization the chief concern of the 
Government. A resume of this address 
appears elsewhere in the magazine. 

Miss Althea Warren, San Diego City 
Librarian, read the report of Mrs. Fran- 
ces Carlton-Harmon, State Chairman 
of Literature, and spoke on the litera- 
ture of Americanization. 

Mrs. Frank A. Gibson, General Fed- 
eration Chairman of Americanization, 
gave an address, in which she outlined 
the plan for a Seminar arranged by her 
on Americanization and sent in pamph- 
let form with I\Irs. Robert J. Burdette 
to the mid-biennial Council of the Gen- 
eral Federation held in Ashville, Ohio. 
Mrs. W. L. Deimling, Chairman of 
Social and Industrial Conditions, men- 
tioned especially some instances of very 
successful work done by groups and 
individuals, in her Department, and in- 
troduced Miss Marion Besley of the 



San Diego State Normal School, who 
spoke on "What Clubwomen Can Do 
in the Future in Social Service." "We 
are not to better people's conditions as 
a giving of charity, but help them to 
secure it as a right earned by them- 
selves." 

Mrs. Annie Little Barry introduced 
Miss Ernestine Friedmann, Director of 
Field Industrial AA'ork, of the National 
Board of the Y. W. C. A., who gave an 
address on "Women in the Industrial 
^^ orld," a resume of which appears in 
another part of the magazine. 
Crippled Children Survey and Re- 
habilitation 

Tlie \'"ice-Chairman of the Cora Elli- 
ott Jones Memorial Committee. Mrs. 
Fisher R. Clarke, reported on the Sur- 
vey of Chippled Children in California, 
as published bv the Committee in 
pamphlet form. The record of the won- 
derful work was greeted with great ap- 
plause b}' the Convention. 

Mrs. Oliver C. Bryant, of the com- 
mittee, spoke of the great importance 
of this work and paid a tribute to the 
life and work of Mrs. Jones, which in- 
spired this service. 

Air. Ralph T. Fisher, of the Federal 
Board for Vocational Education, gave 
an address on the Rehabilitation 
Branch of Vocational Education, and 
appealed to the women to report cases 
within their knowledge that could lie 
helped, to encourage families where 
that help is needed to take advantage 
of it, and to let our representatives in 
Congress know that this is the kind of 
enterprise we believe in, and wish to 
see carried forward. 

Child Welfare and Public Health 

Dr. Jessica Peixotto, Chairman of 
the Children's Committee, State Board 
of Charities and Corrections, addressed 
the Convention on Current Issues in 
the Care of Dependent Children and 
presented the report of the Children's 



445 S. Broadway 

Garments for Women, Misses 
and Children 



PLEASE NOTICE OUR 
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Newcomb's Corset Shop 



20 



The CLUBWOMAN 



Year in California for the Chairman, 
Dr. Brown, who was unable to attend. 
Dr. Peixotto's special message was 
"How to make the ought-to-be's, for 
children, a reality," showing club- 
women how they can help to work out 
the plan for this already put forward 
by the State Board of Charities and 
Corrections. In her talk on Children's 
Year, she said that by her work on this 
committee. Dr. Brown had put Cali- 
fornia in the lead along with Massa- 
chusetts, in setting the standards high 
for work in Child Hygiene, and that 
Dr. Brown and the entire Committee 
on Children's Year had, on account of 
their accomplishments during the year, 
been made a part of the Children's Wel- 
fare Bureau at Washington. 



The report of Dr. Mary B. Ritter, 
Chairman of Public Health, was full 
of vital records and showed work per- 
formed during the present year by her 
department of the Federation to be un- 
paralleled in its greatness. She urged 
the desperate necessity of the single 
standard of morality for men and wom- 
en as the one hope for the salvation of 
the race. 

The Vice-President, Mrs. A. B. Arm- 
strong, the Vice-President-at-Large, 
Mrs. Aaron Schloss, and Mrs. Lillian 
Pray Palmer, past president, assisted 
the State President in presiding over 
the Convention. 

Mrs. Mathew Robertson, Parliamen- 
tarian, was assisted b}' Mrs. Annie Lit- 
tle Barry. 



THE MUSIC OF THE CONVENTION 

By Mrs. Henry Goodcell, San Bernardino 



The music of the convention was due 
to the untiring efforts of the State 
Chairman of Music, Mrs. Alba Padg- 
ham, and Mrs. AVm. A. Crane, Chair- 
man of Music of the Southern Dis- 
trict. The most striking feature was 
the Service Music, furnished by men of 
all ranks from seamen and mechanics 
to officers, and we owe grateful ac- 
knowledgments to Admiral Kulham 
and Lieutenant Commander Earl Spen- 
cer for allowing the men to give us this 
unique and delightful entertainment. 
Special mention should also be made of 
Mr. Wilbur K. S. Ross, Navy Depart- 
ment Song Leader, who arranged for 
the details of the music, played accom- 
paniments for the men, and himself 
sang the moving setting of "Christ in 
Flanders" and the patriotic version of 
"The End of a Perfect Day." 

Mrs. Crane had more than the ordi- 
nary trials of a music chairman, for as 
the program notes warned us, the Serv- 
ice Music was subject to change, owing 
to Military Orders, and sometimes the 
notice was appallingly short. How- 
ever, Mrs. Crane established her lines 
of communication with the War Camp 
Community Service so thoroughly that 
satisfactory substitutes were always 
forthcoming. For example, the band 
of the Flagship Minneapolis was sched- 



uled to play Thursday evening, and on 
AVednesday the ship was ordered to 
San Pedro. So the band of the Naval 
Air station, reinforced by five musi- 
cians from the Oregon, played in their 
stead, most acceptably. 

The men who sang to us were sim- 
ple and unpretentious, some half talk- 
nig their songs, others showing trained 
voices, and all seeming as friendly as 
possible. It was easly to imagine them 
singing thus to the boys, to while away 
the tedium of ship or camp, and we 
gained a good idea not only of the style 
of singing, but of the kind of song, 
popular among the men. As one of the 
speakers told us, the boys in active 
service did not care for warlike sone:s ; 
those were left to the non-fighters. The 
songs they cherished were the senti- 
mental ones of home and loved ones, 
as "A Little Home in My Land," 
"Then You'll Know Your Home." ■ 

The program on AVednesday even- 
ing was in charge of the Department 
of" Music, Mrs. Alba J. Padgham. 
Chairman. Mr. AVallace Moody gave 
two solos, kindly substituting for the 
Service Music previously announced. 
Mr. Havrah (W. L.) Hubbard, form- 
erly Song Director, Navy Department, 
Commission on Training Camp Activi- 
ties, better known as operaloguist, gave 



The CLUBWOMAN 



21 



an address on the \'aUie of Singing to 
Service Men, prefacing his discussion 
by a talk on music in the United 
States. He is strongly of the opinion 
that while the music of all nations 
should be given in this country, the 
words of operas or songs should be 
sung in English only. Mr. Hubbard 
told of watching a 'sing'' for service 
men in which the conductor roused 
them from self-consciousness, inertia 
and indifference to full-hearted self- 
forgetfulness in the joy of song. 

Mr. Moody spoke on Community 
Singing; Its Place in Civil Life," show- 
ing its value, while still a young move- 
ment, in developing community spirit. 
He then gave a demonstration, using 
the audience as community chorus, let- 
ting us sing familiar songs until we 
had developed a little community spirit, 
then teaching us new ones, including 
the chorus of his own "Glad to Be at 
Home Once More,'' which has had 
great success in the camps. 

Aside from the Service Music we had 
the pleasure of listening to very enjoy- 
able numbers by local musicians, 
songs by !Mrs. Lotte Buck Porterfield 
and Mrs. Loletta Levete Rowan, and 



a tone picture for the piano by Mrs. 
Florence Schinkel Gray, entitled "The 
\\ ind." In the morning sessions a place 
was always made for us to refresh our 
muscles and our spirits by rising and 
singing familiar songs, under the lead- 
ership of local musicians, with ^Irs. 
Padgham at the piano. 

Any report of the music of the Con- 
vention would be incomplete without 
an account of the Music Conference, 
planned by Mrs. Padgham, and held at 
luncheon on Thursday. Mrs. Ida Gray 
Scott, Chairman of Club Development 
in Music, under Mrs. Wra. D. Steele, 
Chairman of Music in the G. F. W. C, 
spoke of the desire to make America 
truly musical, Mrs. Edwina A. Knappe, 
Chairman of Press in the G. F. W. C, 
spoke of the value of music in Ameri- 
canization work, and !Mrs. E. G. Den- 
niston, California Director in the G. F. 
^^^ C, gave an interesting account of 
the music at the Biennial. The others 
present at the luncheon were ]\Irs. Wm. 
A. Crane, Mrs. Lotte B. Porterfield, 
Mrs. Loletta L. Rowan, Mrs. H. M. 
Kutchin, Mrs. A. R. Gates, Mrs. C. E. 
Earl, Jilrs. C. E. Herbert, Miss Jessica 
Lawrence, and Miss Margaret Goetz 



THE SOCIAL SIDE OF THE EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL 

CONVENTION 



By Jessica 

The social part of every convention 
is left in the hands of the hostesses of 
the convention city and is, therefore, 
well-timed and always graciously ad- 
ministered. This was particularly so 
at the Coronado Convention. To ^Irs. 
George A. Cheney, Chairman of Gen- 
eral Arrangements, to ^Irs. Edith ^^"il- 
liams. Chairman of Hospitality, and to 



Lee Briggs 

Mrs. \\'illiam A. Laidlaw, Chairman of 
Special Courtesies, the delegation owes 
its thanks, but not without acknowl- 
edging its full debt and appreciation to 
eaech one of the other chairmen of lo- 
cal committees, for each re-enforced 
the other in the duty of being a true 
and fine hostess. 

Especially noteworthy in the list of 



VACATIONING ABOVE THE CLOUDS 

Spend your vacation in the heart of the glorious Sierra Madre Range, a mile above 

the sea, at 

MT. LOWE RESORT 

YE ALPINE TAVERN AND COTTAGES 

American Plan — European Plan — Housekeeping Cottages. Cozy accommodations 

moderate prices free amusements. Five Trains Daily 

ROUND TRIP FARE $2.00 

PACIFIC ELECTRIC RAILWAY 

For Information and Literature Address 

O. A. SMITH, General Passenger Agent Los Angeles 



22 



The CLUBWOMAN 



entertainment was the tea, under the 
direction of the State Chairman of His- 
tory and Landmarks, Mrs. Florence 
Dodson Schoneman, at Ramona's Mar- 
riage Place, in Old Town, San Diego. 
Here the delegates were entertained in 
the plaza of the Old Town in a most 
delightful and historical manner by the 
Spanish dancers from the Mission Play, 
and Mrs. Schoneman, in a rich old 
Spanish costume, a velvet mantle jew- 
eled with amethyst and a rare lace 
mantilla, was a picture long to be re- 
membered. 

A tea was tendered on the afternoon 
of Wednesday, 14th, by the State Board 
to the members of the Local Board. 
This gave the women from afar an op- 
portunity to meet and become better 
acquainted with those who had been 
working and arranging for their com- 
fort and enjoyment for the weeks pre- 
vious. 

One of the charming and appreciated 
suggestions of hospitality was ex- 
pressed through the College Woman's 
Club, which presented the delegates 
each with a corsage bouquet of im- 
mortelles. 

These flowers are cultivated to an 
extent in the southern part of Cali- 
fornia, in and about San Diego, and are 
largely the creation of a certain well- 
known woman horticulturist who lives 
in that city. The flowers are of many 
shades and tones — pink, lavender, blue 
and yellow and white. 

Among the individual affairs during 
the week was a beautiful luncheon 
given in honor of Miss Ethel Wright 
(Rosamonde Joyzelle), leading lady of 
the Mission Play, by Mrs. Robert Watt 
of San Francisco and Oakland. 

The table at this luncheon was deco- 
rated with Juliet and white roses which 
had opened in utmost perfection. Hand- 
painted place cards to which were at- 
tached dainty gauze butterflies marked 
the covers, and the little party was one 
to be remembered as one of the happy 
informal occasions of the convention. 

A very interesting club luncheon was 
given on Thursday in the main dining 
room of the hotel by the Arts and 
Crafts Association of San Diego, at 
which were gathered 31 guests. Mrs. 



George A. Cheney, president of the 
club, was seated at the head of the 
table. The table was beautifully orna- 
mented with red and white carnations 
intermingled with greens, over which 
seemed to hover a flock of butterflies 
as they poised on the edges of the 
water glasses and on the dainty nut 
baskets. Lovely hand-painted cards 
were at the plates. 

The important official affair besides 
the official reception of the opening eve- 
ning session was the banquet of the 
Down and Out Club:; which was pre- 
sided over by l\Irs. O. Shephard Bar- 
num, and which is featured elsewhere 
in these columns. 

The dinner party at which Mrs. 
Harry Peters and Miss Jennie Par- 
tridge, both of San Francisco, were 
hostesses was one of the brilliant af- 
fairs of the social side of the conven- 
tion. 



THE BANQUET 
By Mrs. M. A. English 

The banquet of the Down and Out 
Club was a significant event of the 
Federation, as it was in some sense a 
celebration of our return to the gaiety 
and light-heartedness of social life after 
the sorrows and repressions of war. 

It was given in the dark, baromial 
dining room, made festive for the occa- 
sion with hundreds of American Beauty 
roses and lighted candles ; an orchestra 
played during the dinner and often 
groups of women sang the old favorites 
as they were played. Members of the 
"Down and Out Club" were the host- 
esses, Mrs. O. Shepherd Barnum act- 
ing as toastmistress. Her first an- 
nouncement, that the "Down and Out 
Club" had that very afternoon rechris- 
tened itself "The Emeritus Club" of 
the C. F. W. C, was received with 
applause and some laughter from those 
who doubt that Latin confers honor 
upon honors. Mrs. Barnum's introduc- 
tions and comments were full of witty 
badinage, the toasts were entertaining, 
inspirational and even corrective, as, for 
instance, IMrs. Robert J. Burdette's 
toast to "Clubwomen." She divided us 
into three classes, the sitters, the talk- 
ers and the workers. The sitters mav 



The CLUBWOMAN 



23 



be talkers, the talkers are generally 
sitters; the workers are the only club- 
women worth while, and they are tol- 
erable only when they work for the 
sake of the work itself. ]\Irs. Aaron 
Schloss, our president-elect, paid a fine 
tribute to "Clubs." assuring us that she 
feels that her clubs have given her both 
a college and a post-graduate course — 
they have taught her to see big things 
big and little things little. There were 
innumerable merry stories about prank- 
ish small boys, whom we really adore, 
benignant ministers, whom we greatly 
respect, and forgetful husbands, whom 
we value above fine gold ; we laugher 
delightedly at these droll stories, but 
have forgotten most of them alread3^ 

The lofty and serious prophecy of 
our National President, Mrs. Cowles, 
we shall never forget : 
"To the Federated Women of America : 

"We mobilized during the war to 
take orders from our government, to 
respond to our country's need; we are 
not demobilized, but are readj' to go 
on with new duties and increased devo- 
tion to our country. \\'e will never 
demobilize, but will guard the future. 



THE PILGRIMAGE 



Personally Conducted by Mrs. Flor- 
ence Dodson Schoneman, State 
Chairman of History and 
Landmarks 



A fitting close to Convention week 
was the pilgrimage on Friday after- 
noon to the birthplace of civilization 
in California and other historic land- 
marks under the guidance of Mrs. Flor- 
ence Dodson Schoneman. 

It was the perfect day of the Con- 
vention period, for the sky was bluer, 
the ocean greener and the sun brighter 
than on any previous daj'. 

The delegates were taken first to Old 
Town, where they, with no effort of 
the imagination, were transported back 
to the early days described by Dana in 
his "Two Years Before the JNIast." 

In the picturesque patio of the Estu- 
dillo home, popularly known as "Ra- 
mona's jMarriage Place," tea was served 
by members of the junior auxiliary of 
the San Diego Club, after which the 



There 's a Reason— 



Why Maximes is the most 
popular Millinery shop in the 
cit}^ It is simply this — season 
after season, the best Styles 
are obtainable here at popular 
prices. 



MAXIMES 




519 SOUTH 
BROADWAY 



24 



The CLUBWOMAN 



delegates viewed the collection of relics 
and souvenirs of early California days 
so well placed in this old Spanish house. 
They were also privileged to hear Mr. 
T. P. Getz in an interesting review of 
the Old Missions of California, which 
he illustrated with illuminated maps. 

From here the guests assembled in 
the Old Town square, where a platform 
had been erected and a veritable Span- 
ish fiesta was presented. The setting 
was perfect, with the Spanish dancers 
and musicians and a splendid specimen 
of the native American — a blanketed 
Indian with feather headdress. All 
were players from the famous Mission 
Play by John McGroarty and sent by 
him to entertain the clubwomen. 

The program opened with two typi- 
cal Spanish dances. El Sombrero and 
La Senora, the latter complimentary to 
Mrs. Schoneman, who is a descendent 
of the Sepulvedas and Domingues of 
Old Los Angeles. Mrs. Schoneman, 
who was dressed in the Spanish cos- 
tume of her maternal grandmother, 
Maria Elisalda de Sepulveda, whose 
father was the first overseer of the 
San Diego Mission, gave a short talk 
on the historic points to be seen. She 
called special attention to the cross on 
Presidio Hill made from broken bits 
of red tile from the first building erect- 
ed, and which marks the place where 
high mass was sung by Fra Junipero 
Serra on July 16, 1769. She pointed 
out the old lighthouse which still stands 



on Point Loma and was restored and 
thus preserved through the efforts of 
Mrs. Charles C. Arnold of Riverside, 
who preceded Mrs. Schoneman in the 
Department of History and Land- 
marks. Mrs. Schoneman also told of 
the making of the first American flag 
under General Fremont's supervision 
by the ladies of the Estudillo house- 
hold from their own gowns and house 
linen. In closing" Mrs. Schoneman made 
an urgent appeal to the clubwomen to 
devote at least one day's "program of 
the year to the celebration of the 150th 
anniversary of the coming of civiliza- 
tion to California. Then came more 
dancing and music, after which Mrs. 
Schoneman assembled the dancers and 
pointed out the difference in the cos- 
tumes. Those of the senoritas who 
danced for the family guests being 
draped in shawls, while the profes- 
sional dancers wore short skirts and 
bolero jackets in most vivid colors. 

Here the party separated, some go- 
ing on the drive to the old lighthouse 
on Point Loma and others farther up 
the valley to the Old Mission, return- 
ing through Balboa Park, where they 
visited the museum under the direction 
of Edgar L. Hewett. It was a full and 
"perfect day," and all felt that they had 
indeed been on hallowed ground, know- 
ing that Fra Junipero Serra had many 
times trod where they had stood while 
he made his wonderful dream come 
true of building the first mission in 
Alta California. 



SURPRISES OF THE CONVENTION 



A clubwoman's convention is not 
quite complete without a surprise. And 
in this the Coronado convention was 
no exception. 

The last number on the program had 
been given when Mrs. W. H. Anderson 
came forward to the center of the 
speakers' platform, and on behalf of 
the members of the Executive Board 
presented Mrs. Cable, as a token of 
appreciation and affection to herself, 
personally, and of admiration for her 
work during the two years of her presi- 
dency, a lovely antique cameo brooch. 

Mrs. J. J. Suess followed with an- 
other surprise and in behalf of the Cal- 



ifornia Federation presented Mrs. 
Cable with a Liberty Bond, in appre- 
ciation not only of her services to the 
Federation but to her government as 
well. At Mrs. Cable's request this will 
be contributed to the State Endow- 
ment Fund and will place Mrs. Cable's 
name on the Founders' Roll. 

The Twentieth Century Club of 
Berkeley added another surprise when 
the delegates from that club to the con-» 
vention presented Mrs. Aaron Schloss, 
the president-elect, with a gold Fed- 
eration emblem as an expression of 
their affection for her and pride in her. 
Mrs. Schloss is a prominent member of 
the Twentieth Century Club. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



25 



SPECIAL FEATURES IN CONNECTION WITH THE 

CONVENTION 



Thrift and Wise Spending 
By Katherine H. Smith 

As a consummation of the Thrift 
Conferences held each morning during 
the Federation session at Coronado, a 
motion was made at the meeting on 
Saturday morning that a recommenda- 
tion be made to the incoming board 
that in resonse to the plea being made 
by our Government, a Department or 
Sub-Department of Thrift be created 
in Federation Organization. 

The suggestion was made that a 
Thrift Chairman be appointed by each 
club, who would, besides making of her 
subject whatever her initiative sug- 
gested, act as mesenger from the Gov- 
ernment. This chairman should be 
given five minutes at each club meeting 
for the delivery of the Government's 
message. These messages will be sent 
her from Washington. 

Such stimulation to co-operate with 
our Government as individuals and as 
organizations, engenders a sense of 
partnership and develops patriotism of 
the right sort. We learn to think and 
to speak of the Government as "Ours" 
instead of "Theirs" and when such a 
feeling has become part of our sub- 
consciousness, then Democracy has 
been truly served. 

Of equal importance is the material 
result, to us as a nation, of real con- 
centration on Thrift. We are admit- 
tedly a nation of spendthrifts. Each 
generation indulges in prodigal ex- 
travagance and drives headlong toward 
exhaustion of many natural supplies. 
Thrift means not penurious hoarding 
but wise spending. So defined, it brings 
with it a host of associated subjects to 
many of which clubwomen have given 
and are giving their studious attention. 

In order to use wisdom in the pur- 



chase of clothing we must know some- 
thing of the manufacture of textiles and 
of comparative values of cost and serv- 
ice. We spend such a large propor- 
tion of the income for f<_io(l that it is 
most important that we know how best 
the family may be fed at the lowest 
cost, thus conserving time, health and 
money. We must rationalize dress un- 
til self-adornment ceases to occupy so 
much time and thought and also ceases ' 
to demand so great an expenditure of 
money. We must simpHfy living so 
that we retain about us only those 
things which are either useful or beau- 
tiful, and what is most important we 
must come to recognize the importance 
of saving and the psychological effect 
which invested money has upon the in- 
dividual. 

All of these things we women, who 
really have the spending of so large a 
part of the family income, can best 
learn together, from and of each other 
and our clubs offer the natural medium 
through which the teaching may be 
done. 

So important is this subject of Thrift 
and so inclusive that it might easily be 
held to be the principal department of 
the Federation, since it seems to re- 
spond most closely to the spirit of the 
times. 

It is to be hoped that each club will 
immediately appoint a chairman of 
Thrift and send her name to the cor- 
responding secretary in time to be 
printed in the State Directory. 



For a delicious Spread 
or a charm- 
ing party. 




741 South Broadway 



26 



The CLUBWOMAN 



Schools : and : Colleges 



AS A RESULT OF PERSONAL INQUIRY THE CALIFORNIA 
FEDERATION OF WOMEN'S CLUBS TAKES PLEASURE IN COM- 
MENDING TO THE PATRONAGE OF ITS MEMBERS THE SCHOOLS 
WHOSE ANNOUNCEMENTS APPEAR IN THE CLUBWOMAN. 



THE BISHOP'S SCHOOL 

Upon the Scripps' Foundation 

FOR GIRLS 

La JoUa, California 

The Rt. Rev. Joseph H. Johnson, D. D. 
President, Board of Trustees 
Principal, Miss Marguerite Barton, A. M., 
Radcliffe 
Primary Grades, Special Work in Liter- 
ature, Music and Art. Girls prepared for 
College. I The School is Certified for the 
Eastern Colleges. 

Catalogue on Application 

University of Southern California 

SUMMER SESSION 

June 30-August 9 

25 Departments— I 53 Courses 

Faculty of Twenty-five 

Eminent Visiting Professors 

Bulletin on Request 

35th and University Ave., Los Angeles 

PAGE MILITARY ACADEMY 

A BIG SCHOOL FOR LITTLE BOYS 

The largest of its class in America. Everything 
adapted to meet the needs of the smaller boy. 
Five fireproof buildings; seven- acre campus; 
seventeen resident teachers. Here a boy is 
taught self-reliance. Through military training 
he acquires habits of exactness, the spirit of 
team work and co-operation and also energy and 
initiative — the best preparation for life, no mat- 
ter what profession he may follow. Let our 
Catalogue tell you all about our school. 
ROBERT A. GIBBS, Headmaster 
R. F. D. No. 7 
Box 961, Los Angeles, Cal. 



Marlborough School for 
Girls 



5029 W. 3rd St. 



Los Angeles 



3 1st year opens Sept. 24, 1919. Unexcelled 
opportunities for study, recreation and health. 
New cement building. Advantages of both city 
and country. College certificate privileges east 
and west. For catalogue address SECRETARY, 
MARLBOROUGH SCHOOL. 



THE WESTLAKE SCHOOL FOR GIRLS 



Westmoreland Hills 



Los Angeles 



Residence and Day School. 
Location of Great Charm. 
College Preparatory and Lower School. 
Domestic Science, Tennis and Out-of-Door 
Swimming Pool. 

CUMNOCK SCHOOL 

For girls and young women. 

Fall Term opens September 30th, 1919. 
School of Expression (of college rank), Acad- 
emy (accredited High School), Junior School 
(all grades) . Resident students over fourteen 
years of age. 

HELEN A. BROOKS, A.M., Director 
200 South Vermont Avenue, Los Angeles, Calif. 

Summer Session — July 7th- August 15th — in- 
cludes Calvin B. Cady's Music-Education 
Normal. 

Miss Thomas' School 



(St. Catherine's School) 



325 West Adams Street 



Los Angeles 



Boarding and Day School for Girls under 15 
years. Eighth year begins September 3 0th. 
Out-of-door classes. Individual attention. Large 
playground. 

MISS THOMAS, Principal 
Telephone 23209 



Girls' Collegiate School 

Adams and Hoover Streets 
LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA 

Fully accredited, sending 70 per cent, of grad- 
uates to college. Begins with eighth grade 
and has two years beyond High School work, 
offering Secretarial Training, Home Economics, 
Music, Art, Expression and Advanced Literary 
Courses. Beautiful buildings, with patios and 
arcades make out-door life a reality. 

ALICE K. PARSONS B.A., JEANNE W. DENNEN 
Principals 



The CLUBWOMAN 



27 



BUSINESS OF THE CONVENTION 



Amendment to the By-Laws 

Article \ll. Districts. Add new 
section to be known as Section 2, as 
follows : 

County Federation. Each District 
President shall have power to organize 
county federations in her own district. 
Each county federation shall be gov- 
erned by the constitution and by-laws 
of its district, but may adopt by-laws 
for its own guidance which do not con- 
flict with the district constitution and 
by-laws. 

Article VII. Sec. 3. Insert after 
"one or more vice-presidents" and be- 
fore "recording secretary'' the follow- 
ing: 

— "a president of each County Federa- 
tion who shall also be a A'ice-President 
of the District." 

Articles renumbered to corerspond 
to above changes. 

Important Resolutions Adopted by the 
Convention 

1. National Suffrage Amendment. 

2. League of Nations. 

3. Eligibility of Women to Posi- 
tions in the Council of the League of 
Nations. 

4. Women Not to Lose Citizenship 
Through Marriage. 

5. A Federal Department of Edu- 
cation. 

6. Affiliation with the League of 
Women \oters. 

7. Military Rank for Trained 
Nurses in ^Military Service. 

8. Listing Lieu Lands. 

9. Children in Industry. 

10. War Saving or Thrift Societies. 

11. Appointment of at Least One 
\\'oman on the Board of Regents of 
the State University. 

12. Protest against American Brew- 
ers Engaging in Foreign Liquor Trade. 

13. Legislative Council Measures. 

14. Child Hygience Bureau. 

15. Farm Extension Work. 

(The full text of the above resolu- 



tions may be obtained from the min- 
utes of the Convention.) 

Telegrams and Messages 

It was voted to send a telegram to 
Senator Hiram Johnson thanking him 
for his interest and work in behalf of 
the Suffrage Amendment. 

Telegrams were ordered sent to Gov- 
ernor Stephens urging him to sign the 
following bills: Community Property 
Bill, giving the wife equal rights in 
testamentary disposal of community 
property with the husband. The Farm 
for Delinquent \\'omen; Increase 
Funds for Elementary Schools ; Physi- 
cal Education Bill ; and the Farm 
School for Riverside and the Child Hy- 
giene Bureau. 

A message of appreciation was or- 
dered sent to each of the four Assem- 
blywomen in the 1919 session of the 
California Legislature and this act be 
given full publicity. 



Sunny California's Select 
Military Schools 

Schools that emphasize the most thorough in- 
struction; discipline "with a heart in it"; and, 
above all. Christian character training: — 

San Diego Army and Navy Academy, located 
near Bay and Ocean at Pacific Beach, a delight- 
ful suburb of San Diego. Prepares for Colleges, 
West Point and Annapolis. Fully accredited. 
War Department supervision. Summer session, 
July 1 St to September I st. A happy combin- 
ation of work and play for the summer months. 
Regular session 'will begin September. 

Pasadena Army and Navy Academy, a gram- 
mar grade school with a wonderful record. 
Splendidly equipped, beautifully and healthfully 
situated in suburb of Pasadena on property 
formerly owned by Annandale Country Club. 
Fall session will begin September 22nd. 



For full information address 

CAPT. THOS. A. DAVIS, Pres., Pacific Beach, 
Cal. 

Chas. M. Wood, Head Master, Pasadena, Cal. 



28 



The CLUBWOMAN 



A telegram from Mrs. James W. Orr, 
past state president, C. F. W. C, urg- 
ing the convention to affiliate with the 
National League of Women Voters, 
was received with great applause, 
showing the confidence of the club- 
women of the state in this peerless 
leader. 

Greetings to the 1919 convention 
were received from the following. 

Past State Presidents : Mrs. James 
W. Orr, Mrs. L. F. Darling. 

Presidents of State Federations : 
Vermont, New York State, Utah, Mich- 
igan, Kentucky , Rhode Island, Louisi- 
ana, Colorado, Nebraska, Ohio, Okla- 
homa, Massachusetts. 

State Organizations of Women : 
Daughters of the American Revolu- 
tion, Women's League for National 
Service, Young Women's Christian As- 
sociation, National Federation of Mu- 
sical Clubs, Colored Federation of Wo- 
inen's Clubs, Women's Relief Corps, 
Federation of State Societies, Second 
District California Congress of Moth- 
ers, and Parent-Teacher Associations. 



[oivfk.<Ki/\t^ii£:^v»wA iiS^^iL■:toA^^■,^. 



^^^^M 




Final Reports of the Credentials and 
Election Committees 

Mrs. C. S. Alverson gave, as the final 
report of the Credentials Chairman: 
Members present and qualified to vote, 
345. 

Election Board Reported as Follows : 

President, Mrs. Aaron Schloss ; Vice- 
President, Mrs. A. W. Fitzgerald; 
Vice-President-at-Large, Mrs. Robert 
F. Garner ; Treasurer, Mrs. Charles 
Wiley; Auditors, Miss Jessica Lee 
Briggs and Mrs. Clark McEuen. Mrs. 
Schloss announced the appointment of 
her two secretaries : Recording Secre- 
tar^^ Mrs. Elon L. Warner; Corre- 
sponding Secretary, Mrs. Frederick T. 
Robson. 

The following Presidents of Districts 
were elected by their Districts and rati- 
fied at the Convention : 

President of the Northern District — • 
Mrs. O. W., March. 

President of the San Francisco Dis- 
trict — Dr. Mariana Bertola. 

President of the Alameda District — • 
Mrs. Howard Leech. 

President of the San Joaquin Dis- 
trict — Mrs. Mollie Bloom Flagg. 

President of the Los Angeles Dis- 
trict — Mrs. Sidney Thomas Exle3^ 

President of the Southern District — 
]\rrs. J. T. Suess. 



Invitations to the Next Convention 

Miss Jennie McConnell presented an 
invitation to the Federation to hold its 
next annual convention in Sacramento, 
from the Tuesday Club, from the 
Chamber of Commerce and other or- 
ganizations of Sacramento, and from 
Governor Stephens. 

A telegram was read from Mr. Wm. 
Wrigley, Jr., inviting the convention to 
hold its next afmual meeting at Cata- 
lina. Convention expressed apprecia- 
tion of the invitations and referred 
them to the incoming Executive Board 
for action. 



The CLUBWOMAN 



29 



THE CONVENTION THROUGH GENERAL 
FEDERATION EYES 

By ANNIE MILLER KNAPP 
Chairman Press Committee, General Federation of Women's Clubs 



Surely no annual convention of a 
state federation of women's chilis was 
ever held in a more delightful setting 
than that of the eighteenth meeting of 
the California Federation at Coronado 
last month. For ideal location and phy- 
sical comfort nothing could have been 
more satisfying. The feast of reason 
and flow of soul, coupled with the de- 
lightful atmosphere of the hotel and 
its surroundings, the cordiality of the 
local board members and those having 
the arrangements in charge, made the 
occasion one to be long remembered. 

The machinery of the convention 
moved smoothly, being scacrely in evi- 
dence, so carefully had the details been 
thought out. The program was pre- 
sented with precision and on time, with 
perfect poise by the presiding officers. 
Every person who appeared on the pro- 
gram came seriously, reporting her 
work as though consecrated to it. The 
reports of the district presidents were 
especially interesting, in that each dis- 
trict showed great activity and each 
district president feeling that surely 
hers was the most progressive in the 
state. Their pride in their co-workers 
showed fine spirit and was much appre- 
ciated by the delegates. The same was 
true of the reports of the chairmen of 
departments. 

The evening programs, with ad- 
dresses by state and national officers 
and distinguished speakers on subjects 



relating to after-war conditions, were 
especially fine. 

It was interesting to note the num- 
ber of delegates who made copious an- 
notations of the proceedings to carry 
back to their clubs. As special ses- 
sions were assigned by a president to 
her club's delegates each vmdertook the 
work conscientiously. 

Next in importance to the business 
sessions were the social functions 
which had been painstakingly arrang- 
ed. The pleasure and inspiration that 
resulted from them will make the con- 
vention one long to be remembered. 

Xotable among the gathering were 
the number of interest women who 
came not as delegates, but because of 
their interest in women's work. Many 
were not even club women, yet eager 
to know of club activities. Many fine 
business women who represented large 
interests in their communities were 
there as interested auditors in the work 
presented before the convention and 
spoke in praise of what they heard. 

The number of special conferences, 
held around luncheon tables, were of 
great benefit to the delegates, while the 
exhibits were unusually good. 

Too much cannot ])e said of the 
splendid publicity accorded the conven- 
tion by the San Diego papers and the 
fine spirit shown by the metropolitan 
papers in sending representatives. The 
press luncheons, held each day, with 




\f PaHJahTmilk 



IF EVERY HOUSEWIFE— 

Especially every mother — would consider Purity, Quality and Flavor, 
when ordering their Milk Supply — then take time to visit ARDFN 
DAIRY and see us produce Certified Milk, we would not be able 
to secure enough cows (the kind we keep) to supply the demand from 
those that would insist upon having pure milk. Mothers owe 
it to their children to secure for them the best milk that can be pro- 
duced. 

You are invited to visit us any affernonn. One mile 
northwest of El Monte. 

KENFIELD dc CARTER - - - Proprietors 



30 



The CLUBWOMAN 



Dr. Louise Harvey Clarke as hostess, 
were among the most enjoyable social 
functions of the meeting. 

Politics played a very minor part in 
the convention, the just distribution of 
offices all over the state seeming to be 
the desire of the body. 

The results of the convention will 
be far-reaching, for every delegate car- 
ried back to her club the nuggets of 



gold from each session. No delegate 
could help but be proud to be the evan- 
gel to her community of the State 
Federation's gr